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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Demolition Men: Contemporary Britain And The Battle Of Brutalism, Susannah L. Grossman Mar 2010

Demolition Men: Contemporary Britain And The Battle Of Brutalism, Susannah L. Grossman

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis examines the contentious legacy of brutalist architecture in Britain. Once the lingua franca of post-war architecture in the UK--demonstrating the principles of modernism advocated by high-profile European architects like Le Corbusier as well as socialist ethics--brutalist architecture's legacy in Britain today is both reviled and revered. The paper, by surveying three major buildings that are classified as "brutalist": Alison and Peter Smithson's Hunstanton Secondary Modern School, Erno Goldfinger's Trellick Tower, and Denys Lasdun's National Theatre, intends to demonstrate the enduring importance of brutalist architecture in Britain. By examining the difference between architectural history and ...


Beneficial Additions: Addressing Brutalist Architecture To Create A Financial And Spatial Synergy Between Historic Places Of Worship With Secular Mix-Use Building Additions, Johanna Luise Lofstrom Jan 2010

Beneficial Additions: Addressing Brutalist Architecture To Create A Financial And Spatial Synergy Between Historic Places Of Worship With Secular Mix-Use Building Additions, Johanna Luise Lofstrom

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Rather than demolishing a historic house of worship due to lack of maintenance funding, this thesis proposes a design solution that preserves the structure while addressing the congregation's fundraising and programming needs. The goal is to design an example of how different identities of program can be combined while preserving the integrity of the historic structure. The thesis will assert that new additions can be beneficial as means of income for structures listed on the D.C. Landmark list that are exempt from federal funding and tax incentives. The end goal is to give structures that were not self-nominated ...


Philadelphia Neighborhood Conservation: Using Public Policy To Protect Historic And Threatened Residential Neighborhoods, Lindsey E. Allen Jan 2010

Philadelphia Neighborhood Conservation: Using Public Policy To Protect Historic And Threatened Residential Neighborhoods, Lindsey E. Allen

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Neighborhood conservation is largely dependent on a municipality’s zoning code. Many tools for protecting neighborhoods are embedded into the zoning code, and residents should be able to rely on them to provide a basic level of protection to neighborhood character. Local historic districts are common regulatory tools that are added as an overlay district and have regulations and standards that supplement those provided by the base zoning districts. However, to utilize this more restrictive tool, neighborhoods must qualify based on a variety of criteria related to the significance of the area and the amount of historical integrity that remains ...


The Economics Of Rehabilitation For Affordable Housing Projects: Are The Secretary Of Interior's Standards For Rehabilitation A Significant Barrier To Project Completion, Helen Johnson Jan 2010

The Economics Of Rehabilitation For Affordable Housing Projects: Are The Secretary Of Interior's Standards For Rehabilitation A Significant Barrier To Project Completion, Helen Johnson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


Commemoration And Protest: The Use Of Heritage Trails To Connect Women's History With Historic Sites, Marissa J. Moshier Jan 2010

Commemoration And Protest: The Use Of Heritage Trails To Connect Women's History With Historic Sites, Marissa J. Moshier

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Women's heritage trails employ the theme of women’s history to link historic sites across cities or entire states. As shifts in preservation practice have begun to promote greater diversity in the interpretation of historic sites, these trails serve as educational tools and initiatives for heritage tourism that create networks of women’s history sites. The trails also serve as public commemorations of women’s roles in American history and as protests against the absence of women in the interpretation at historic sites. Through case studies in Boston, New Jersey, Maryland, and upstate New York, this thesis considers the ...


Rediscovering An American Master: An Examination And Analysis Of The Decorative Plaster Ceiling Of Robert Winthrop Chanler's Whitney Studio, New York, Lauren Vollono Drapala Jan 2010

Rediscovering An American Master: An Examination And Analysis Of The Decorative Plaster Ceiling Of Robert Winthrop Chanler's Whitney Studio, New York, Lauren Vollono Drapala

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Though a well-known decorative painter and muralist in the early 20th century, the artist Robert “Bob the Sheriff” Chanler was an incredible personality and creative genius who has been largely forgotten overtime. His work is representative of artistic innovation and experimentation that characterized the early 20th century , presenting a unique quality that can only be called ‘Chanleresque.’ This thesis intends to situate Chanler's interior decoration of the Whitney Studio within the body of Chanler’s work in decorative interiors, screens and murals, to analyze the materials and structural system that compose the ceiling and present a proposal for the ...


Performance Of The Roof Structure At The Wagner Free Institute Of Science: A Computational Simulation And Its Implications Fo Plaster Conservation, Katharine Helene Woodman Jan 2010

Performance Of The Roof Structure At The Wagner Free Institute Of Science: A Computational Simulation And Its Implications Fo Plaster Conservation, Katharine Helene Woodman

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The structural performance of historic buildings is a critical concern with respect to safety and functionality. While the decorative surface fabric of a building is the most visible manifestation of its architectural value, the integrity of these surfaces may be affected by the performance of the underlying structure. When symptoms of inadequate structural performance are manifested by cracked or displaced finishes, a structural engineer is generally consulted in order to evaluate the structural integrity of the building. More recently, engineers have begun to look towards more sophisticated analytical methods in order to help better simulate and understand structural behavior. In ...


An Examination Of The Deteriorative Mechanisms And Enabling Factors At The Wanamaker Memorial Tower In Philadelphia, Katherine Verone Jan 2010

An Examination Of The Deteriorative Mechanisms And Enabling Factors At The Wanamaker Memorial Tower In Philadelphia, Katherine Verone

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The Wanamaker Tower is in a precarious physical state; as will be demonstrated in this thesis; exterior problems with source moisture control have let to the start of failure of the decorative marble cladding of the interior spaces. The physical conservation problem is compounded by the absence of a constituency or advocacy for stewardship of the tower due to family disinterest and the dissolution of the parish congregation. This thesis will examine the condition of the Tower and the mechanisms of deterioration leading to those conditions. This thesis will also present a conservation plan aimed at addressing the treatment of ...


Alveolar Erosion And Its Conservation Recommendations For The Sandstone Masonry At Durham Castle, Tiffani L. Simple Jan 2010

Alveolar Erosion And Its Conservation Recommendations For The Sandstone Masonry At Durham Castle, Tiffani L. Simple

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This research addresses the sandstone masonry of Durham Castle, a World Heritage site located in Durham, England. The study encompasses a focus on its current condition, deterioration mechanisms, and in particular, alveolar erosion, and the performance of previous repair techniques. The stone and weathering observed at the castle appear to be consistent across the entire site, regardless of age or location and are representative of other buildings in the area. The obvious diagnosis therefore appears to be related to the geo-chemical nature of the stone more than any other single factor. Alveolar erosion is particularly evident and poses the greatest ...


Evaluation Of Cleaning Methods At The Fleisher Art Memorial Sanctuary, Alison K. Haley Jan 2010

Evaluation Of Cleaning Methods At The Fleisher Art Memorial Sanctuary, Alison K. Haley

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The thesis proposes to investigate cleaning methods for the differing material surfaces (stone and plaster) that are intended to appear uniform, as is the case for the south interior wall of the Fleisher Art Memorial Sanctuary in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Effectiveness of cleaning methods is evaluated based upon uniformity of appearance, precision, and degree of damage to surface. Methods of measurement as well as damage thresholds have been established.

This project attempts to answer the following questions:

  • What is the best approach to cleaning differing substrates in order to achieve a uniform result?
  • What effect do these techniques have on the ...


A Technical Study And Conservation Proposal For The Glass Mosaic Decoration Of Villa Caparra In Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, Yaritza Hernández Jan 2010

A Technical Study And Conservation Proposal For The Glass Mosaic Decoration Of Villa Caparra In Guaynabo, Puerto Rico, Yaritza Hernández

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines the exuberant cement-embedded glass mosaic ornamentation of Villa Caparra, an early architect’s residence in Guaynabo, Puerto Rico in order to document the materials, methods of fabrication and installation; and, to analyze the present condition. The study will rely on archival records, in situ investigation, material analysis and physical testing with the purpose of developing a preliminary conservation plan for remedial and long term preservation.


Cultural Heritage In Conflict: World Heritage Cities Of The Middle East, Elvan Cobb Jan 2010

Cultural Heritage In Conflict: World Heritage Cities Of The Middle East, Elvan Cobb

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Following World War I and the collapse of the Ottoman Empire, the political and population dynamics of the Middle East changed dramatically. New national borders, defined either by western mandates or by local sovereignties, included peoples and architectural legacies from a variety of religions and ethnicities. Under the unifying pressures of national ideologies, the diverse groups of the Middle East that coexisted under the Ottoman Empire were often pitted against each other. These negative dynamics among people were expressed as conflicts involving the built heritage of the 'other.' These conflicts sometimes took center stage, sometimes occurred stealthily and under the ...


Implementing Archaeological Conservation During American Nation-Building Efforts, Meaghan Colahan Jan 2010

Implementing Archaeological Conservation During American Nation-Building Efforts, Meaghan Colahan

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis seeks to define best practices for implementing the conservation of archaeological sites as part of a broader system of cultural heritage protection within the framework of United States nation-building efforts. The ransacking of the Baghdad Museum, plus the widespread looting of the Iraq’s archaeological sites, makes it clear that measures for cultural property protection within the United States government military framework deserve a critical analysis. First, the importance of protecting cultural property during armed conflict will be examined from a historical and military perspective. Next, previous American nation building attempts are discussed to give a sense of ...


Preserving The Neighborhood Theatres Of William Harold Lee, Mark Edward Donofrio Jan 2010

Preserving The Neighborhood Theatres Of William Harold Lee, Mark Edward Donofrio

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The American cinema tradition faces pressures to adapt architecturally, economically, and culturally to the postmodern age as Hollywood-oriented megaplexes, the internet, satellite/cable television, and DVD mail delivery services such as Netflix compete with the communal neighborhood theatre. Consequently, each year numerous historic theatres are either demolished or gutted to provide more commercially viable alternatives, prompting the National Trust for Historic Preservation to designate historic American movie theatres as one of the “11 Most Endangered Places” in 2001. Without concentrated efforts to preserve and to adaptively reuse these endangered movie theatres, many theatre proponents argue that cinematic experience will soon ...


Curating Architecture: An Investigation Of The Motives And Practice Of Architectural Collection And Exhibition With Recommendations For Interpretation Of The Architectural Study Collection At Independence National Historical Park, Sarah Elizabeth Hawes Jan 2010

Curating Architecture: An Investigation Of The Motives And Practice Of Architectural Collection And Exhibition With Recommendations For Interpretation Of The Architectural Study Collection At Independence National Historical Park, Sarah Elizabeth Hawes

Theses (Historic Preservation)

This thesis examines the history, theory and practice of collecting and exhibiting architecture as a context from which cultural resource management guidelines for the interpretation of architectural fragment collections is generated. The Independence National Historical Park Architectural Study Collection serves as a case study to apply this framework as the National Park Service prepares to design and curate an interpretive exhibit for a representative selection of the collection.


Re|Fab : How The 10% Investment Tax Credit Can Aid In The Creation Of A Prefabricated System For The Rehabilitation Of Non-Designated Historic Structures, Nakita Ann Johnson Jan 2010

Re|Fab : How The 10% Investment Tax Credit Can Aid In The Creation Of A Prefabricated System For The Rehabilitation Of Non-Designated Historic Structures, Nakita Ann Johnson

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Historically known as “the Workshop of the World”, Philadelphia was home to numerous industries that served as financial anchors for the neighborhoods surrounding them. However, due to a loss of industry these anchors have become dangerous, attractors of unsavory activity, and impediments to growth and safety. In order to reconnect the frayed social and economic fabrics that exist surrounding these buildings, a balance must be created between the building’s historic significance and the contemporary needs and potentials of the surrounding area. Although, many of these vacant buildings are old enough to be considered historic most are not historically designated ...


Branding The Southwest: A Preservation Plan For The Fred Harvey Houses, Patrick W. Kidd Jan 2010

Branding The Southwest: A Preservation Plan For The Fred Harvey Houses, Patrick W. Kidd

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


New Neighbors In Old Neighborhoods: Explaining The Role Of Heritage Conservation In Sociocultural Sustainability And Gentrification, Charles William Lawrence Jan 2010

New Neighbors In Old Neighborhoods: Explaining The Role Of Heritage Conservation In Sociocultural Sustainability And Gentrification, Charles William Lawrence

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Cities are struggling with their deteriorated urban neighborhoods. When reinvestment is promoted and new residents move in to these neighborhoods, some older residents are displaced by rising costs of living. This process is called gentrification. Critics have implicated heritage conservation as a cause of gentrification, stating that conservation programs select an exclusionary historicism separate from an authentic lower-class reality. However, in many cases heritage conservation tools are applied by individuals, communities, not-for-profits, and governments to anchor residents to their neighborhood in the face of gentrification. Several case studies are analyzed to determine how different neighborhoods have experienced gentrification and how ...


Certainty In The Uncertainty Of Venice: John Ruskin And The Daguerreotype Photographic Process, Crystal Leah Medler Jan 2010

Certainty In The Uncertainty Of Venice: John Ruskin And The Daguerreotype Photographic Process, Crystal Leah Medler

Theses (Historic Preservation)

John Ruskin was among the first to embrace photography as a tool for preservation of historic architecture. His use of the newly invented daguerreotype photographic process in Venice, beginning in 1845, altered the way he documented architecture and aided in his mission to spread awareness of what he believed to be destructive restoration that was conducted throughout Venice in the mid-nineteenth century. Ruskin used the daguerreotype photographic process to produce a record of architecture in Venice which was his implicit form of preservation – an alternative to the destructive restorations he encountered. Ruskin's interaction with the daguerreotype changed his way ...


Manufacturing Prosperity: Evaluating The Rehabilitation Of Industrial Complexes, Kate Spencer Milgrim Jan 2010

Manufacturing Prosperity: Evaluating The Rehabilitation Of Industrial Complexes, Kate Spencer Milgrim

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


From Dockyard To Esplanade: Leveraging Industrial Heritage In Waterfront Redevelopment, Jayne O. Spector Jan 2010

From Dockyard To Esplanade: Leveraging Industrial Heritage In Waterfront Redevelopment, Jayne O. Spector

Theses (Historic Preservation)

The outcomes of preserving and incorporating industrial building fabric and related infrastructure, such as railways, docks and cranes, in redeveloped waterfront sites have yet to be fully understood by planners, preservationists, public administrators or developers. Case studies of Pittsburgh, Baltimore, Philadelphia/Camden, Dublin, Glasgow, examine the industrial history, redevelopment planning and approach to preservation and adaptive reuse in each locale. The effects of contested industrial histories, planning approach, funding, environmental remediation, building materials and scale are evaluated as how they impact preservation outcomes. The case studies reveal a trend towards preservation of industrial waterfront buildings and infrastructure and demonstrate how ...


The Shophouse As A Tool For Equitable Urban Development: The Case Of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Natalie Weinberger Jan 2010

The Shophouse As A Tool For Equitable Urban Development: The Case Of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, Natalie Weinberger

Theses (Historic Preservation)

No abstract provided.


Putting American Democracy On A Pedestal: The Story Of The 1975-1976 Old Supreme Court And Old Senate Chamber Restorations, Christine Stewart Wells Jan 2010

Putting American Democracy On A Pedestal: The Story Of The 1975-1976 Old Supreme Court And Old Senate Chamber Restorations, Christine Stewart Wells

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Examining how the restoration of the old Senate and old Supreme Court Chambers progressed reveals a connection to differing attitudes towards historic spaces that can occur following dips in a nation’s morale. At times of uncertainty and doubt, mementoes of a grander past can be used for reassurance in the midst of change. Attitudes towards the physical fabric of the U.S Capitol changed dramatically throughout the 20th century, as is reflected in the prolonged story of the old Senate and old Supreme Court restorations. The two historic chambers, used by the Senate until 1859 and the Court until ...


Public Policy And The Non-Secular: How Non-Profit Organizations Preserve Inner City Historic Sacred Places, Jacqueline R. Wiese Jan 2010

Public Policy And The Non-Secular: How Non-Profit Organizations Preserve Inner City Historic Sacred Places, Jacqueline R. Wiese

Theses (Historic Preservation)

Historic sacred places represent a pattern of American culture. The sheer abundance of churches, temples and synagogues across the country demonstrate the presence of religious freedom, and the public statement conveyed by sacred places in their craftsmanship, architectural styles and strategic locations in residential neighborhoods. The many ways a community relates to an historic sacred place are representative of how people value cultural resources and what impact these resources can have on community revitalization. When a strong partnership exists between a congregation and community members (whether congregant or not) the outcome is more beneficial to the preservation of a sacred ...