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Articles 1 - 30 of 66

Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Instant Architecture: Hosted Access To The Archivision Research Library With Built-In Image Management & Presentation Tools, Maureen A. Burns Ed.D., Andreas Knab Oct 2018

Instant Architecture: Hosted Access To The Archivision Research Library With Built-In Image Management & Presentation Tools, Maureen A. Burns Ed.D., Andreas Knab

VRA Bulletin

The Archivision Research Library is a collection of 100,000 digital images of art and architecture professionally photographed by a trained architect. It documents the built environment--from ancient monuments to cutting-edge contemporary constructions--with extensive, standardized descriptive metadata. Archivision is accessible for research and teaching through a web-based application--a dedicated hosted instance of MDID--with vrcHost LLC delivering full services and technical support: installation, integration, and maintenance. This combination provides not only instant access to Archivision, but also to sophisticated tools for managing images using an open source media management system to discover, aggregate, study, and present digital media.


Archaeology And Conservation Of The Middle Phrygian Gate Complex At Gordion, Turkey, Semih Gönen, Richard F. Liebhart, Naomi F. Miller, Elspeth Dusinberre May 2018

Archaeology And Conservation Of The Middle Phrygian Gate Complex At Gordion, Turkey, Semih Gönen, Richard F. Liebhart, Naomi F. Miller, Elspeth Dusinberre

Classics Faculty Contributions

In 2016, a project was undertaken at Gordion, Turkey, to stabilize and conserve the remains of a rubble platform built early in the Middle Phrygian period (ca. 800–700 b.c.e.) under the vast Gate Complex leading to the megarons on the Citadel Mound. In the process, aspects of Middle Phrygian building strategies came to light that enhanced our understanding gained from the original excavation in the 1950s. This article outlines the archaeology of the Middle Phrygian Gate Complex and the sophisticated internal structures that lent stability to the rubble platform upon which it was built, and examines the ...


Victorious Athena: The Cult And The Temple Of Athena Nike, Brynlie-Sage Johnston Jan 2018

Victorious Athena: The Cult And The Temple Of Athena Nike, Brynlie-Sage Johnston

Senior Projects Spring 2018


Senior Project submitted to The Division of Languages and Literature of Bard College.


Adoration And Art: Ancient Egypt, Greece, And Rome, Fiona Wirth Jan 2018

Adoration And Art: Ancient Egypt, Greece, And Rome, Fiona Wirth

Senior Honors Projects, 2010-current

"Adoration and Art" focuses upon religious artifacts from the ancient Mediterranean and explores what these artifacts reveal about the religious practices and sacred spaces of their cultures. This Honors College capstone consisted of an exhibition through the Lisanby Museum utilizing artifacts from the Madison Art Collection. This text is the full exhibition catalog compiled by the student through her research as an intern for the Lisanby Museum.


From Processing To Public Service: The Digital Humanities Center At The American Academy In Rome, Lavinia Ciuffa Oct 2017

From Processing To Public Service: The Digital Humanities Center At The American Academy In Rome, Lavinia Ciuffa

VRA Bulletin

Digital Humanities Center (DHC) is the new infrastructure which will serve to streamline the Academy’s cataloging system and will make publically available the Academy’s archival resources through a single, online interface by way of the Academy’s website. Intent of this project is to unify different types of materials and collections.

The DHC will contain thousands of descriptions (metadata) of archival objects and digital objects (photographs and digitized texts), it will soon be a resource for scholars and other interested individuals, accessible from virtually anywhere. In the presentation it will be briefly explained the workflow: inventory, cataloguing, digitization ...


A Silver Service And A Gold Coin, Justin St. P. Walsh Aug 2017

A Silver Service And A Gold Coin, Justin St. P. Walsh

Art Faculty Articles and Research

The published history of a set of silver and gold objects acquired by the J. Paul Getty Museum in 1975 contains an unusual reference to a gold coin, supposedly found with the set but not purchased by the museum. The coin, which is both rare and well dated, ostensibly offers a date and location for the ancient deposition of the silver service. Almost five years of research into the stories of the Getty objects and the coin has revealed important information about these particular items, but it also offers a cautionary example for scholars who might hope to reconstruct the ...


The New Interactive: Reimagining Visual Collections As Immersive Environments, Jeffrey P. Emanuel, Christopher M. Morse, Luke Hollis Dec 2016

The New Interactive: Reimagining Visual Collections As Immersive Environments, Jeffrey P. Emanuel, Christopher M. Morse, Luke Hollis

VRA Bulletin

Emerging technologies and shared standards have opened up new avenues for the curation and presentation of data in archives and published
research. Among their many benefits, these developments have made collections across archives more accessible, and have vastly improved the visual experience for users. This paper focuses on the next step in applying technical development and standards to digital collections: improving discoverability and providing a visual product that is simultaneously informative and experiential. The cases presented here
focus on new approaches in these areas, with an emphasis on the utilization of visual search and discovery across a research archive and ...


Research And Study Of Fashion And Costume History Spanning From Ancient Egypt To Modern Day, Kaitlyn E. Dennis Miss Nov 2016

Research And Study Of Fashion And Costume History Spanning From Ancient Egypt To Modern Day, Kaitlyn E. Dennis Miss

Posters-at-the-Capitol

Through a generous donation to Morehead State University, research has been conducted on thousands of slides containing images of artwork and artifacts of historical significance. These images span from Egyptian hieroglyphs to the inaugural dress of every first lady of the United States. The slides are in the process of being recorded and catalogued for future use by students in hopes of furthering academic comprehension and awareness of the influence of fashion and costume history through the ages. Special thanks to the family of Gretel Geist Rutledge, faculty mentor Denise Watkins, as well as the Department of Music, Theatre, and ...


Evocations Of Byzantium In Zenitist Avant-Garde Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović Sep 2016

Evocations Of Byzantium In Zenitist Avant-Garde Architecture, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

The Byzantine legacy in modern architecture can be divided between a historicist, neo-Byzantine architectural style and an active investigation of the potentials of the Byzantine for a modern, explicitly nontraditional, architecture. References to Byzantium in avantgarde Eastern European architecture of the 1920s employed a modernist interpretation of the Byzantine concept of space that evoked a mode of “medieval” experience and creative practice rather than direct historical quotation. The avant-garde movement of Zenitism, a prominent visionary avant-garde movement in the Balkans, provides a case study in the ways immaterial aspects of Byzantine architecture infiltrated modernism and moved it beyond an academic ...


Classics And Rockefeller Center: John D. Rockefeller Jr. And The Use Of Classicism In Public Space, Jared A. Simard Jun 2016

Classics And Rockefeller Center: John D. Rockefeller Jr. And The Use Of Classicism In Public Space, Jared A. Simard

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

This dissertation situates the mythologically-inspired artwork of Rockefeller Center in the classical education of its sole proprietor, John D. Rockefeller Jr. I argue that his extensive classical education at the Browning School and Brown University led to an adult interest in the Classics. Through extensive, original archival research at the Rockefeller Archive Center and the Rockefeller Center Archive Center, I demonstrate that this interest was expressed through his philanthropy of prestigious institutions such as the American Academy in Rome, the American School of Classical Studies at Athens, and the excavations of the Athenian Agora. Colonial Williamsburg and Versailles are also ...


Suburban Space And The City Of Rome: Liminality Fluidity And Differentiation, Henry Scherck Jun 2016

Suburban Space And The City Of Rome: Liminality Fluidity And Differentiation, Henry Scherck

Honors Theses

The suburbs of the ancient Rome are a geographical area which is difficult to define, but a space which is filled with interactions between social classes which differ from those which exist within the urban space of Rome. Conceptualizing the suburbs as a space which is utilized for spectacle and as a means of exerting physical influence outside of the city of Rome, serving as a space which operates as a blank canvas as opposed to Rome as a palimpsest, this research surveys the Sallustian Gardens, the Tomb of Eurysaces the Baker and the Villa of Hadrian. Using research on ...


Exploring The Contemporary Use And Understanding Of Precedent In Architectural Design Via A Comparative Analysis Of Brunelleschi And Le Corbusier, Shaelyn J. Vinson May 2016

Exploring The Contemporary Use And Understanding Of Precedent In Architectural Design Via A Comparative Analysis Of Brunelleschi And Le Corbusier, Shaelyn J. Vinson

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

Abstract

As a student of architecture, conducting precedent research before diving into the design phase of a project is something that I am very familiar with. But, following each project’s precedent research, is often an overwhelming feeling of uselessness for the material found. For each project, assignments call for students to find a certain number of buildings on which to base their project. While historically this step makes sense, 21st-century architecture students are taught that there is no “new” architecture, and that copying and collaging together existing buildings is the best way to achieve a successful design ...


Antifascist Graffiti: Crime Or Contribution?, Jillian Margaret Sequeira Apr 2016

Antifascist Graffiti: Crime Or Contribution?, Jillian Margaret Sequeira

Undergraduate Honors Theses

This thesis explores the intersection of youth activism, art and Italian history in the context of antifascist graffiti, most notably the Zona Antifa tag.


The Relational Spiritual Geopolitics Of Constantinople, The Capital Of The Byzantine Empire, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2016

The Relational Spiritual Geopolitics Of Constantinople, The Capital Of The Byzantine Empire, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

Strategically located on a peninsula on the European side of the narrow Bosphorus strait that connects the Mediterranean and the Black Seas (by way also of the Sea of Marmara and the Dardanelles), Constantinople; the capital city of the medieval Roman Empire that we know as the Byzantine Empire (324-1453), was the largest and most thriving urban center in the Old World.1 The city was founded by the first Roman Emperor who embraced Christianity, Constantine I (d. 337), as the eponymous capital outside historically dominant urban centers and as the alternative to the city of Rome. This chapter outlines ...


Regional Perspective Of Recuay Mortuary Practices: A View From The Hinterlands, Callejón De Huaylas, Peru, Victor Manuel Ponte Dec 2015

Regional Perspective Of Recuay Mortuary Practices: A View From The Hinterlands, Callejón De Huaylas, Peru, Victor Manuel Ponte

Theses and Dissertations

Archaeological investigations of burial chambers in the north-central highlands of Peru constitute the corpus of this thesis. Most of the stone structures correspond chronologically and culturally to the Recuay Tradition, a time span of 100 to 800 CE. The study area is located in the Cordillera Negra of the Callejón de Huaylas basin (Ancash Department). CRM projects developed in the impact zone of the Pierina mine have contributed valuable information on the mortuary practices of a Recuay agro-pastoral community. This thesis relied on grave goods inventories, osteological analysis, and types of stone architecture in the burial chamber. Data from this ...


Book Review: Hendrik W. Dey, The Afterlife Of The Roman City: Architecture And Ceremony In Late Antiquity And The Early Middle Ages, Jelena Bogdanović Aug 2015

Book Review: Hendrik W. Dey, The Afterlife Of The Roman City: Architecture And Ceremony In Late Antiquity And The Early Middle Ages, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

The latest book by Hendrik W. Dey examines the afterlife of the Roman city in the territories of the erstwhile Roman Empire until roughly the ninth century. As a scholar with multiple threads of training in classics, Dey writes his book with a strong archaeological research method that emphasizes the perseverance of urban paradigms of the Greco-Roman world beyond literary tropes or oversimplified economical and demographical analyses. The Afterlife of the Roman City looks in particular at monumental architecture and urban topography by highlighting their importance in the definition of the urban space as a place of ceremonial manifestations of ...


Wired! @ 5 (Years): Visualizing The Past At Duke University, The Wired! Group, Duke University May 2015

Wired! @ 5 (Years): Visualizing The Past At Duke University, The Wired! Group, Duke University

VRA Bulletin

Wired! is a learning community of faculty, staff, and students at Duke University committed to exploring how digital technologies prompt new approaches to teaching and research in the humanities. Wired! was founded to explore the potential of digital visualization tools for the study of art, architecture and urban space. Digital projects focus on communicating humanities research to a broad public through websites and digital applications.

Wired!’s special focus is the study of visual and material culture: art, architectural, and urban history. Research projects and teaching are based in the Wired! Lab at Duke University, where faculty, staff, and students ...


Ek Tou Homerou Ad Homerum: A Survey Of The Roman Imperial Iconography Of Homer, Juan Dopico May 2015

Ek Tou Homerou Ad Homerum: A Survey Of The Roman Imperial Iconography Of Homer, Juan Dopico

Arts & Sciences Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis evaluates the imagery of Homer in Roman imperial mosaics stemming from the 2nd century AD to the 5th century AD. In doing so, it will show that the Romans perhaps transformed the image of Homer in order that the patron may identify himself as an erudite and intellectual elite. This practice might have strong parallels with literary treatments with Homer during the Second Sophistic, especially among the Platonic philosophical tradition in the imperial period.

As a tool for those wishing to do a systematic analysis of figures in Roman art, mosaics contain some advantages that other ...


A Comparative Analysis Of Five Greek Fountain Houses, Maura Brennan May 2015

A Comparative Analysis Of Five Greek Fountain Houses, Maura Brennan

Undergraduate Honors Theses

Fountain houses were ubiquitous in Greek agoras in the Archaic and Classical periods. These structures were public and utilitarian, and yet often overlooked when analyzing the components of a Greek agora. This thesis examines five fountain houses across the Greek world, using architectural, archaeological, and literary evidence in order to reach a more holistic understanding of the form and function of these buildings in Greek society.


Failure At Fidenae: Visualization And Analysis Of The Largest Structural Disaster In The Roman World, Rebecca Napolitano Jan 2015

Failure At Fidenae: Visualization And Analysis Of The Largest Structural Disaster In The Roman World, Rebecca Napolitano

Physics, Astronomy and Geophysics Honors Papers

A digital reconstruction of the amphitheater at Fidenae, which collapsed in 27 A.D., was produced as a result of textual, architectural, archaeological, and engineering analysis. Primary literary sources, such as Tacitus and Suetonius, examined in conjunction with proximal archaeological evidence, allowed for the most probable seating capacity and the scale of the amphitheater to be determined. Architectural evidence of other wooden structures found on Trajan’s Column allowed for a most probable projection of a three dimensional model to be created using AutoCAD. With this most probable model determined, engineering analysis was utilized in order to understand the failure ...


The Restoration Of The Roman Forum In Late Antiquity: Transforming Public Space, Gregor Kalas Dec 2014

The Restoration Of The Roman Forum In Late Antiquity: Transforming Public Space, Gregor Kalas

Gregor A. Kalas

This book examines architectural conservation during late antiquity at Rome's most important civic center: the Roman Forum. Throughout the fourth and fifth centuries CE—when Rome was undergoing transformational changes—elite citizens targeted restoration campaigns so as to infuse these repairs with political meaning. Since constructing new buildings was a right reserved for the emperors, Rome's upper echelon funded the upkeep of buildings together with sculptural displays to gain public status. Restorers linked themselves to the past through the fragmentary reuse of building materials and, as Gregor Kalas explores, proclaimed their importance through prominently inscribed statues and monuments ...


"Future City In The Heroic Past: Rome, Romans, And Roman Landscapes In Aeneid 6–8", Eric Kondratieff Dec 2014

"Future City In The Heroic Past: Rome, Romans, And Roman Landscapes In Aeneid 6–8", Eric Kondratieff

History Faculty Publications

From the Intro: “Arms and the Man I sing…” So Vergil begins his epic tale of Aeneas, who overcomes tremendous obstacles to find and establish a new home for his wandering band of Trojan refugees. Were it metrically possible, Vergil could have begun with “Cities and the Man I sing,” for Aeneas’ quest for a new home involves encounters with cities of all types: ancient and new, great and small, real and unreal. These include Dido’s Carthaginian boomtown (1.419–494), Helenus’ humble neo-Troy (3.349–353) and Latinus’ lofty citadel (7.149–192). Of course, central to his ...


Europe In Crisis, Call For Papers, Kyriakos N. Demetriou Oct 2014

Europe In Crisis, Call For Papers, Kyriakos N. Demetriou

Kyriakos N. Demetriou

The European Union in Crisis: Explorations in Representation and Democratic Legitimacy (Forthcoming, Springer Verlag) Please see the attached doc. You are invited to send me your proposed title, abstract and bio (one paragraph).


Roman Baths At Antiochia Ad Cragum: A Preliminary Evaluation Of Bath Architecture As Social Signals In The Ancient Mediterranean World, Holly J. Staggs Jul 2014

Roman Baths At Antiochia Ad Cragum: A Preliminary Evaluation Of Bath Architecture As Social Signals In The Ancient Mediterranean World, Holly J. Staggs

Anthropology Department Theses and Dissertations

In Rough Cilicia, monumental public architecture was built in the initial phase of the social and political formation of Asia Minor into the Roman Empire during the Imperial Period. As bathing complexes are the most abundant and diverse types of architecture in this region, it would be beneficial to analyze the role of the baths along with their importance in this new Greco-Roman society. This study will focus on two baths at the site of Antiochia ad Cragum, seating this effort in multi-level signaling theory to understand local scale patterning and revised world systems theory to understand regional scale patterning ...


Christians In The Amphitheater? The «Christianization» Of Spectacle Buildings And Martyrial Memory, Kimberly Bowes Jan 2014

Christians In The Amphitheater? The «Christianization» Of Spectacle Buildings And Martyrial Memory, Kimberly Bowes

Departmental Papers (Classical Studies)

In order to place the site of Sant’Agnese in Agone in its broader late antique and early medieval context, this article presents an overview of the archaeological evidence for Christian spaces inside spectacle buildings – stadia, hippodromes, theaters and amphitheaters. It suggests that the «Christianization» of such buildings was very rare, and in only a few cases linked to martyrial commemoration. The paper concludes by suggesting some reasons why spectacle buildings should have been so infrequently associated with martyrial memory.


The Rhetoric Of Architecture In The Byzantine Context: The Case Study Of The Holy Sepulchre / Реторика Архитектуре У Византијском Контексту: Пример Цркве Светог Гроба, Jelena Bogdanović Jan 2014

The Rhetoric Of Architecture In The Byzantine Context: The Case Study Of The Holy Sepulchre / Реторика Архитектуре У Византијском Контексту: Пример Цркве Светог Гроба, Jelena Bogdanović

Architecture Publications

This paper examines the rhetorical capacity of architecture, and in particular, “the rhetoric of architecture” rather than the usually examined “rhetoric about architecture.” In this work, the rhetoric of architecture is understood as codified visual and architectural conventions as a series of transpositions that frame specific meanings other than and beyond visible and spatial. Here the proposed “rhetoric of architecture” is also more about its capacity as a “mnemonic tool” and about the “craft of composition” rather than about persuading others or about representation based on exact likeness. This concept is particularly significant in the creation of the sacred. By ...


Curial Communiqué: Memory, Propaganda, And The Roman Senate House, Sarah E Bond Jan 2014

Curial Communiqué: Memory, Propaganda, And The Roman Senate House, Sarah E Bond

Department of Classics Publications

This article explores the history of the various curiae (senate houses) in Rome from the Republic to Mussolini.


Domus, Villa And Insula: A Neo-Rationalist Taxonomy Of Housing Types Along The Via Consolare-Pompeii, Joseph Weishaar May 2013

Domus, Villa And Insula: A Neo-Rationalist Taxonomy Of Housing Types Along The Via Consolare-Pompeii, Joseph Weishaar

Architecture Undergraduate Honors Theses

In the early letters of Cicero, the guide on agriculture by Varro, and the complete works of Vitruvius, there is a foundation laid for the governance of domestic architecture which can only be glimpsed through the moment frozen in time at Pompeii. This thesis is directed at a critical analysis of the residential architecture situated along the Via Consolare in Pompeii. The question posed at the onset was how do dwellings change and adapt based on the localized context. The context in this case can be as simple as neighbor to neighbor spatial relationships and as complex as urban to ...


Architecture And Elite Identity In Late Antique Rome: Appropriating The Past At Sant'andrea Catabarbara, Gregor Kalas Dec 2012

Architecture And Elite Identity In Late Antique Rome: Appropriating The Past At Sant'andrea Catabarbara, Gregor Kalas

Gregor A. Kalas

The conversion of the fourth-century basilica of Junius Bassus, a secular structure on an aristocratic estate, into the church of Sant’Andrea Catabarbara in Rome during the 470s invites a discussion of how architectural adaptation contributed to the identity of its restorer, Valila.


Cultural Heritage At Risk In Jerusalem: The Tiles Of The Dome Of The Rock And Their Preservation, Beatrice St. Laurent May 2012

Cultural Heritage At Risk In Jerusalem: The Tiles Of The Dome Of The Rock And Their Preservation, Beatrice St. Laurent

Dr. Beatrice St. Laurent

In 1961 almost all of the tiles of the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem’s Old City dating from the 16th through the early 20th century were removed and replaced with new ones. The historic tiles have languished on the site out in the open or in poor storage since then. Many have ‘disappeared’ and some were sold at auction or appear in individual private collections. I have proposed using the Golden Gate at the Haram al-Sharif as a proper storage and conservation facility and am working with World Monuments to declare the Golden Gate a ‘'Monument at Risk ...