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Full-Text Articles in Architecture

Brutalism And The Public University: Integrating Conservation Into Comprehensive Campus Planning, Shelby Schrank Dec 2020

Brutalism And The Public University: Integrating Conservation Into Comprehensive Campus Planning, Shelby Schrank

Masters Theses

The University of Massachusetts Amherst, the Commonwealth’s flagship campus, is home to several Brutalist buildings. Similar to other buildings of this genre, they have gone unrecognized for their importance to the campus and their prominent architectural significance. Additionally, due to the ravages of close to 50 years of exposure coupled with limited maintenance and, in some instances, neglect they are now at a point where restorative maintenance is critical in ensuring their future contribution to the campus.

This thesis addresses the importance of creating a comprehensive, long-term plan for these buildings, by first looking to the University’s most ...


Adaptive Airport Architecture, Yash Mehta Jul 2020

Adaptive Airport Architecture, Yash Mehta

Masters Theses

The architecture of Airport terminals is unique in nature as it is linked with a wide range of concerns that go hand in hand to demonstrate the efficient functioning of the building. From an inconvenient mode of travel to the city center to the congestions in the security screening, concerns varying from urban design to systems engineering have an impact on the user experience. Along with these concerns, the spatial organization of the airport terminals accommodates various commercial, leisure, retail, and service-based spaces in addition to the core function of aviation. Where the guiding parameters for determining the spatial requirements ...


Multimodal Transit And A New Civic Architecture, Samuel Bruce Hill Jul 2020

Multimodal Transit And A New Civic Architecture, Samuel Bruce Hill

Masters Theses

We live in an age defined by the automobile and its infrastructure. This paradigm of movement has shaped how we live our lives, and the urban frameworks we inhabit. Cars as a form of transportation damage the environment and engender unsustainable lifestyles. They also create anti-social spaces with the infrastructure they require, and therefore their success is inverse to that of the pedestrian experience.

I seek to adapt this transit paradigm with a more flexible and resilient multimodal system. My work focuses on reinvigorating a rail line in central Massachusetts and designing a modular station system that can serve as ...


From Archaic To Contemporary : Energy Efficient Adaptive Reuse Of Historic Building, Nisha Borgohain Oct 2019

From Archaic To Contemporary : Energy Efficient Adaptive Reuse Of Historic Building, Nisha Borgohain

Masters Theses

Over recent decades, the global focus on climate change and on conservation of resources has brought about a paradigm shift in the adaptive reuse of old and historic buildings. Adaptive reuse is now seen as a key factor in the conservation of land and environment, preservation of cultural identity, and reduction of urban sprawl. Increasingly, engineers, architects, and urban planners are making concerted efforts to realize the reuse potential of existing and outdated structures. Therefore, those involved in building design have studied the viability of adaptive reuse and generally favor the repurposing of old/historic buildings to suit new patterns ...


Peripheral Rural Landscapes And Architectural Heritage Around Kayseri As A Sustainable Preservation Problem, Bahar Elagoz Timur, Nilufer Baturayoglu Yoney Oct 2019

Peripheral Rural Landscapes And Architectural Heritage Around Kayseri As A Sustainable Preservation Problem, Bahar Elagoz Timur, Nilufer Baturayoglu Yoney

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The rural areas on the perimeter of Kayseri present a rich heritage and culture environment threatened by recent urban development. This paper focuses on the valley settlements on the northeast of the city in Gesi and Koramaz valleys, some of which date from as early as the Medieval period and whose population was multi-ethnic and multi-religious until the middle of the 20th century. Following the emigration of the Armenian and Greek population, the activities which have created and sustained these settlements for many centuries are disappearing as well as the architectural heritage as the villages are partially and seasonally occupied ...


The Rural Landscape As Heritage In Turkey Under Changing Climate // Le Paysage Rural Turque, Un Patrimoine Soumis Au Changement Climatique, Gul Aktürk Oct 2019

The Rural Landscape As Heritage In Turkey Under Changing Climate // Le Paysage Rural Turque, Un Patrimoine Soumis Au Changement Climatique, Gul Aktürk

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

The various determinants of vernacular architecture embrace ethnic cultural diversity, morals, climate, cultural and geographical setting, topography, political attitude, religion and language spoken which shaped the rural built heritage in Fındıklı in the Black Sea region. Yet, climate change hazards such as river flooding, more frequent erosion and landslides affect not only local communities’ livelihoods but also the rural cultural landscape. There are important lessons this rural landscape as heritage holds, in terms of their past climate practices, that we can learn from including craftsmanship, traditional construction techniques, materials and local practices to tackle the current and future conditions of ...


Panel 1 Paper 1.2: Environnement Du Patrimoine Rural, Claire Cornu Oct 2019

Panel 1 Paper 1.2: Environnement Du Patrimoine Rural, Claire Cornu

Rural Heritage - Landscapes and Beyond / PATRIMOINE RURAL: Paysages et au-delà

En fournissant la chimie à l’agriculture, les matériaux pour la construction, et en produisant la mécanisation des cultures comme celles des terrassements, l’industrie des « trente glorieuses » en France effaçait des siècles de pratiques et d’organisation des espaces de vie et de travail, qui optimisaient les ressources naturelles locales et humaines. La maçonnerie en pierre sèche, son agriculture en terrasse, son élevage en enclos, ses cabanes des champs, ses espaces d’accompagnement des jardins, des maisons, des villages, des rivières, des chemins, des routes, sombraient dès lors dans la désuétude. Lorsqu’en 1999 nous avons démarré cette démarche ...


Intermodal Transit Terminal: Integrating The Future Of Transit Into The Urban Fabric, Guy Vigneau Aug 2019

Intermodal Transit Terminal: Integrating The Future Of Transit Into The Urban Fabric, Guy Vigneau

Masters Theses

The very foundation of transportation relies on its ability to efficiently move people and goods through a transitional space. Transportation hubs are key to achieving this goal. However, many transit terminals are outdated or poorly designed to fit the needs of the modern world. At the core of this thesis are two overarching questions. First, how do we design intermodal transit terminals so that they successfully integrate into an existing urban fabric? Second, how do we design for innovative modes of transportation, such as hyperloop technology? This thesis explores how architectural design can recover existing transit connections within an urban ...


Predictive Modeling Of Automated Building Facade Elements To Attain Thermal Comfort In Passively Conditioned Buildings In Different Climates, Troy Peters Jul 2019

Predictive Modeling Of Automated Building Facade Elements To Attain Thermal Comfort In Passively Conditioned Buildings In Different Climates, Troy Peters

Doctoral Dissertations

Climate change, along with corresponding weather extremes, are creating new and pressing problems for the built environment. Buildings are the largest contributor to climate change. The main hypothesis for this research work is that an automated dynamic façade can provide whole year thermal comfort in a passively heated and cooled building by using predictive modeling of short-term future weather conditions. The dynamic facade should be adaptable to different climates, weather extremes and climate change. Predictive simulation requires using a weather forecast to predict the performance of a building and then modify the shading and ventilation rate to optimize the building ...


2019 Btes Conference Program Integration + Innovation, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling Jun 2019

2019 Btes Conference Program Integration + Innovation, Caryn Brause, Peggi Clouston, Naomi Darling

Building Technology Educator's Society

Following on the alliterative themes of recent BTES conferences, we have selected Integration and Innovation as the theme for the 2019 gathering. Innovation can begin with conjecture, with a searching for more effective solutions, or with an application to currently unknown or unarticulated needs. Innovation scholarship examines the personal intellectual habits that support new ideas, such as openness and exploratory behavior, as well as the circumstances behind the places in which creativity flourishes, such as support for cross-disciplinary fertilization and access to resources. The 2019 BTES conference will explore the role of technology education and curriculum in cultivating these intellectual ...


The Geographical Dimensions Of Patent Innovation: History, Precedents, Praxis, And Pedagogy, In An Expanded Field Of Landscape Technology., Richard Hindle Jun 2019

The Geographical Dimensions Of Patent Innovation: History, Precedents, Praxis, And Pedagogy, In An Expanded Field Of Landscape Technology., Richard Hindle

Building Technology Educator's Society

Innovation has geographical dimensions, ranging from site and building technology, to infrastructure and environmental systems. As the allied professions of environmental design expand disciplinary scope beyond aesthetics into questions of territory, landscape infrastructure, performance-based design, and issues related to climate adaptation and the Anthropocene, an expanded concept of technology and innovation becomes essential to address new pedagogical adjectives and praxis. One of the most effective ways to track technological change in a specific sector of technology is through patent innovation. The global patent archive is the world’s largest technological dossier. An estimated 90 million patents have been granted globally ...


Integration Of Building Energy Modeling (Bem) And Building Information Modeling (Bim): Workflows And Case Study, Mahsa Farid Mohajer, Ajla Aksamija Jun 2019

Integration Of Building Energy Modeling (Bem) And Building Information Modeling (Bim): Workflows And Case Study, Mahsa Farid Mohajer, Ajla Aksamija

Building Technology Educator's Society

Building Energy Modeling (BEM) intends to quantify buildings’ energy performance to help designers and architects better understand the environmental impacts of their decisions. Building Information Modeling (BIM) refers to a digital, model-based representation, where information about building design can be shared among different stakeholders and used during all stages of buildings’ lifecycle. The purpose of this research was to investigate integration of BEM and BIM, using two analysis tools. Green Building Studio (GBS) and Sefaira are two performance analysis software programs, which can be used both in the form of BIM plug-in/built-in tools, as well as web applications to ...


Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden Jun 2019

Bridging The Gap Between Architecture And Engineering: A Transdisciplinary Model For A Resilient Built Environment, Michelle Laboy, Annalisa Onnis-Hayden

Building Technology Educator's Society

As the focus of environmental engineering increasingly shifts to landscape-based, decentralized solutions to energy and water; and as architecture increasingly shifts its attention to resilience, ecological connectivity and independence from centralized infrastructure, these two disciplines find themselves closer in scale than before. This paper presents a collaborative project between upper level architecture and environmental engineering students focused on the design of sustainable and integrated water systems. Critical features of transdisciplinarity included: the engagement of stakeholders in the process at multiple moments; the speculative nature of working on very distant futures, the multi-scalar requirements of the collaboration, and the expectation of ...


A Framework For Performance-Based Facade Design: Approach For Multi-Objective And Automated Simulation And Optimization, Mahsa Minaei, Ajla Aksamija Jun 2019

A Framework For Performance-Based Facade Design: Approach For Multi-Objective And Automated Simulation And Optimization, Mahsa Minaei, Ajla Aksamija

Building Technology Educator's Society

Buildings have a considerable impact on the environment, and it is crucial to consider environmental and energy performance in building design. In this regard, decision-makers are required to establish an optimal solution, considering multi-objective problems that are usually competitive and nonlinear, such as energy consumption, financial costs, environmental performance, occupant comfort, etc. Sustainable building design requires considerations of a large number of design variables and multiple, often conflicting objectives, such as the initial construction cost, energy cost, energy consumption and occupant satisfaction. One approach to address these issues is the use of building performance simulations and optimization methods.

This paper ...


Microclimates At The Sixth Facade, Abby Reed, David Fannon Jun 2019

Microclimates At The Sixth Facade, Abby Reed, David Fannon

Building Technology Educator's Society

Elevating buildings above grade is an increasingly- common design approach to address risks of costal and riverine flooding. While elevating buildings improves resistance to flood waters and potentially debris damage, other implications are less well-understood, including the influence of unique thermal and moisture conditions in the space between the ground and the underside of the elevated building—the so-called sixth facade. Unlike conventional basements, crawlspaces, or slabs-on-grade that respond to soil moisture through the installation of a vapor barrier, exposed, elevated floors contend with unique hygrothermal conditions, linked-to but distinct- from both the soil and the ambient air.

Uncontrolled moisture ...


Intuition Before Integers: Integrating Building Technology Into The Design Studio, James Leach, Kristin Nelson Jun 2019

Intuition Before Integers: Integrating Building Technology Into The Design Studio, James Leach, Kristin Nelson

Building Technology Educator's Society

The studio methodology, used almost universally to teach architectural design in the US, embraces speculative investigation and hands-on learning, offering unparalleled opportunities for integrated thinking and open-ended inquiry. Building technology courses, in contrast, tend to be taught in more constrained, and more passive modes - lecture classes, sometimes accompanied by a laboratory or including a project or two. As instructors of both design studios and building technology courses, we have found it difficult to generate the level of engagement and enthusiasm, or achieve the depth of inquiry, in the technology classroom that is common in the design studio. Moreover, we find ...


Comprehensive Bim Integration For Architectural Education Using Computational Design Visual Programming Environments, Roger Schroeder, William Dean Jun 2019

Comprehensive Bim Integration For Architectural Education Using Computational Design Visual Programming Environments, Roger Schroeder, William Dean

Building Technology Educator's Society

Recent developments in visual programming environments that function as components of the BIM software point to new ways to interact with the emerging and evolving BIM paradigm now common to most educators. Presenting this material comprehensively across the program curriculum is difficult since the expertise to develop course-specific computational content may not yet exist.

This examination proposes and explores a methodology of assisting the current evolution of using computational frameworks but integrated into coursework across the curriculum. Building components in a modular form will allow both educators and students improved accessibility to the concepts of using a shared model in ...


Methods To Monitor And Simulate Existing Residences: Analyzing And Improving Energy And Comfort For Native Hawaiian Homeowners, Wendy Meguro, Manfred Zapka, Eileen Peppard Jun 2019

Methods To Monitor And Simulate Existing Residences: Analyzing And Improving Energy And Comfort For Native Hawaiian Homeowners, Wendy Meguro, Manfred Zapka, Eileen Peppard

Building Technology Educator's Society

To support the State of Hawaii’s goals of improving energy performance of buildings and reducing dependence on fossil fuels, this study develops design recommendations that could improve the energy efficiency and thermal comfort of hundreds of existing and future homes for native Hawaiian families.

This poster shares the methods and learning objectives used by faculty, researchers, and a team of architecture, electrical and mechanical engineering, and computer science students to chart a path to net-zero site energy use in residences in sub-tropical climates by monitoring and simulating existing houses.

The faculty from Architecture and Sea Grant structured the research ...


Bench: Biorhythmic Evaporative-Cooling Nano-Tech, Aletheia Ida Jun 2019

Bench: Biorhythmic Evaporative-Cooling Nano-Tech, Aletheia Ida

Building Technology Educator's Society

The Biorhythmic Evaporative-cooling Nano-TeCH (BENCH) system is conceived as a novel building skin for architectural enclosures responsive to human interactions for thermal comfort in hot-arid climate conditions. The membrane system concurrently integrates natural ventilation cooling and modulations in daylighting transmission for inhabitant wellbeing and multi-sensory phenomena experience. The BENCH demonstration prototype combines CNC shaped and stained laminated plywood with all wood joinery for the structure of a small covered seating area with atmospheric effects. The soft skin membrane encloses the structure with embedded hydrogels that are actuated with water pumping into the mesh pod modules through clear microbore tubing. Each ...


Watervase: Wind-Catching Adaptive Technology For A Roof-Integrated Ventilation Aperture System And Evaporative-Cooling, Maryam Moradnejad, Dorit Aviv, Aletheia Ida, Forrest Meggers Jun 2019

Watervase: Wind-Catching Adaptive Technology For A Roof-Integrated Ventilation Aperture System And Evaporative-Cooling, Maryam Moradnejad, Dorit Aviv, Aletheia Ida, Forrest Meggers

Building Technology Educator's Society

The WATeRVASE is a Wind-catching Adaptive Technology for a Roof-integrated Ventilation Aperture System and Evaporative-cooling. Prior research for the adaptive wind catcher technique demonstrates the effective multi-fin design composition for geometry shifting in response to wind directions and speeds (Aviv, Meggers 2018, 186-195; Aviv, Axel, 2017, 1123-1128). Other prior research demonstrates the effectiveness of superporous polyelectrolyte hydrogels for water sorption and diffusion (Smith, 2017, 2481-2488; Ida, 2018). Our team members have also developed a machine-learning platform for testing building technology prototypes for particular environmental conditions and building integration analyses (Smith, Lasch, 2016, 98-105). The new area of research combines the ...


Phenomenology And Performance: Technology | Architecture + Design Through Music, Jerry Stivers Jun 2019

Phenomenology And Performance: Technology | Architecture + Design Through Music, Jerry Stivers

Building Technology Educator's Society

“Phenomenology” is a design philosophy that was first used to criticize the modern movement and as an urge to return to “place-based” architecture. Juhani Pallasmaa further expanded the ideas by introducing the phenomenological aspects of kinesthetic and multi-sensory perception of the human body into this architecture theory.

“Performance Based” design, with the help of computational tools, is a design paradigm within architecture that has emerged in the 21st Century by using building performance as a guiding design principle for the design of cities and buildings. Current interest in building performance as a design paradigm is largely due to the emergence ...


The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez Jun 2019

The Corner: Tectonic Intersections Of The Architectural Environment, Chad Schwartz, Jaasiel Duarte-Terrazas,, Nataani Garnenez

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architectural corners serve as nodes of constructional shifting, of structural logistics, of environmental control emphasis, of spatial experience, and of aesthetic considerations and it is in these particular building intersections that our greatest architects have exceled. Despite the importance of the corner, most architectural software introduces generalizations into design work that all but assures improper understanding of a building’s corners, especially for students and those novice to the profession. The transformations undertaken in the computer rarely reflect the strategies used to create physical, occupiable space. For instance, when working in building information modeling software, walls intersect via “butt” or ...


Truss-Ting History, Chad Dennis, Joshua Friedman Jun 2019

Truss-Ting History, Chad Dennis, Joshua Friedman

Building Technology Educator's Society

Building performance in this case being evaluated by traditional means, such as energy use over time, in addition to qualitative questions of space, history, pedagogy etc. Another term explicit in this project is that of “future use” by which we build on typical modes of site analysis in addition to the growing body of research developed through building scientists, we ask how building systems can be used to accommodate a variety of program while simultaneously maintaining a strong connection to place. Through the use of a hybrid system of glulam trusses and CLT panels to repurpose an existing historic pumphouse ...


Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers Jun 2019

Design/Lift: An Extra Concrete Beam In A Park, Federico Garcia Lammers

Building Technology Educator's Society

According to the Department of Transportation, a commercial truck can drive at a maximum speed of sixty miles per-hour while carrying a sixty-foot-long precast concrete beam on a state highway. The beam in question is headed to a town of 1,800 people to be installed as part of a student-driven, faculty led Public Works project in Webster, South Dakota. Design/Lift focuses on the choreography of lifting and positioning a large piece of concrete on a public site. The beam sits in a yard, unapproved to span highway bridges, but potentially ready to engage the public in unexpected ways ...


In Spite Of Pragmatics: The Pursuit Of Both/And For Integrated Architectural Solutions, Hans Herrmann, Jacob Gines Jun 2019

In Spite Of Pragmatics: The Pursuit Of Both/And For Integrated Architectural Solutions, Hans Herrmann, Jacob Gines

Building Technology Educator's Society

Architectural design studios that are tasked with the responsibility of addressing and demonstrating NAAB criteria for Integrated Architectural Solutions (IAS, formerly Comprehensive Design) can, by their very nature, become venues for promoting strict pragmatism. By its very definition pragmatism is primarily concerned with relating to matters of fact or practical affairs often to the exclusion of intellectual or artistic endeavors - thus setting up a preferential condition by which project proposals may be evaluated. Pursuits to such an end, although perhaps expressing a certain level of competency and technocratic ability, more often than not fall short of higher architectural aims. The ...


Teaching Structures Online: Finding Opportunities For Tangible Engagement, Dustin Albright Jun 2019

Teaching Structures Online: Finding Opportunities For Tangible Engagement, Dustin Albright

Building Technology Educator's Society

Faced with increasing demand but limited flexibility within the academic year, the School of Architecture at Clemson University developed and delivered an online version of its undergraduate Structures 2 course during the summer of 2018. This shift in timing and format presented a range of challenges, most significantly the compressed schedule (six weeks to deliver fifteen weeks of content), and the desire to maintain engaged, experiential learning despite the detachment and asynchronicity introduced by the online setup.

With respect to this remoteness, it proved fruitful to turn the challenge on its head and instead identify opportunities afforded by the geographic ...


Testing Is Teaching Too: Transitioning A Large-Lecture Course From Summative To Formative Exams, Robert Arens, Brian Osborn, Carmen Trudell Jun 2019

Testing Is Teaching Too: Transitioning A Large-Lecture Course From Summative To Formative Exams, Robert Arens, Brian Osborn, Carmen Trudell

Building Technology Educator's Society

For students and teachers alike exams can be a dreadful experience with both parties left questioning the value of the exercise. Large-lecture courses tend to employ an exam culture that is more focused on expedience than efficacy as the promise of efficient grading often triumphs over the desire to create meaningful learning experiences. Within the Architectural Technology Fundamentals courses at Cal Poly we have found that machine-readable tests, which use multiple-choice and true-false questions, tend to assess students’ understanding of course topics at only the most basic level and are misaligned with our aspiration to fostering students who can integrate ...


Blown Away: A Case Study In Modulated Airflow Through Digital Modeling And Fabrication, Liane Hancock, Thomas Cline, Adam Feld, Yonas Niguse Jun 2019

Blown Away: A Case Study In Modulated Airflow Through Digital Modeling And Fabrication, Liane Hancock, Thomas Cline, Adam Feld, Yonas Niguse

Building Technology Educator's Society

This paper describes an interdisciplinary project: the design and fabrication of temporary HVAC diffusers for the University of Louisiana Lafayette School of Architecture and Design to decrease and distribute air supply across the studio environment.

To begin the design process, we charged the students to record data measuring the air velocity around the existing diffusers using an anemometer, creating a grid of yarn to located points in space. In addition to collecting the numerical data, the student observed the movement of the lengths of yarn in response to the airflow. Once the students could visualize the movement of the air ...


Crm Manufacturers In Architecture, Dana Gulling Jun 2019

Crm Manufacturers In Architecture, Dana Gulling

Building Technology Educator's Society

Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) has revolutionized architecture. Proponents argue that CAM’s computer numeric controlled (CNC) machines make individual architecture components that are not prohibitively expensive, reconnects designers directly to making, and transforms architectural form.[1] Despite these accolades, there is a distinction between CNC equipment directly and indirectly fabricating architecture components. Directly, CNC equipment punched the holes in the copper screen for Herzog and deMeuron’s DeYoung Museum and the steel skin and structure for SHoP’s Barclay Center. Indirectly, makers use CNC equipment to fabricate tooling (e.g. molds, patterns, and dies) to repetitively manufacture components that have been ...


Scaling Up Passive Energy To Suburban Developer Housing, Craig Griffen Jun 2019

Scaling Up Passive Energy To Suburban Developer Housing, Craig Griffen

Building Technology Educator's Society

Recent reports paint a dire picture of the potential worldwide affects climate change. Since our buildings’ energy consumption plays a significant role in the production of greenhouse gases, many more energy- efficient buildings could affect a major reduction in carbon production. Single-family developer housing represents a high percentage of US construction at a million starts per year. Yet, the typical subdivision is designed with little to no regard for orientation to sun, wind and thermal envelope efficiency. Since single- family homes consume around 80% of residential energy use, a million passive energy house starts per year could have profound effects ...