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Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2018

Female Japanese Citizens In New Caledonia: Pre-December 1941, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In January 1941, the Japanese female population in New Caledonia included the Japan-born as well as former French citizens and subjects, Dutch subjects (primarily Javanese) and local Indigenous Kanak women who were married to Japanese men. Before the enactment of a new French Nationality Law in August 1927, French women who married non-French citizens became citizens of their husband's country and therefore French women who married Japanese men became Japanese. After the change in the law, French women who married Japanese retained their French citizenship. Kanak and Dutch women who married Japanese men also became Japanese. The number of ...


Genders, Sexualities And Bodies In Modern Japanese History, Vera Mackie Jan 2017

Genders, Sexualities And Bodies In Modern Japanese History, Vera Mackie

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The importance of gender to the writing of the history of modern Japan is now wellestablished. We can trace a shift from ‘women’s history’, which was largely focused on making women visible in the historical narrative, to ‘gender history’. The field of gender history deploys ‘gender’ as a major conceptual tool of analysis; considers both men’s and women’s experiences; and interrogates both masculinity and femininity (Scott 1988: 42; Molony and Uno 2005: 1–35). There is a long tradition of the writing of women’s history in the Japanese language and we now have a significant body ...


Employment Of Graduates Of Japanese Language, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2016

Employment Of Graduates Of Japanese Language, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

An underlying assumption behind the former Australian Federal Labor Government's 2012 Asian Century White Paper was that language skills were not only important for Australia's future engagement with its regional neighbours but would also lead to employment opportunities. Yet, little research has been undertaken into the employment of graduates with majors in languages, irrespective of the language. This paper discusses the results of an online survey on the use of their Japanese language in employment by graduates who undertook a major or a minor in Japanese language between 2008 and 2012. The results discussed here focus on the ...


Challenges Experienced By Japanese Students With Oral Communication Skills In Australian Universities, Miho Yanagi, Amanda Ann Baker Jan 2016

Challenges Experienced By Japanese Students With Oral Communication Skills In Australian Universities, Miho Yanagi, Amanda Ann Baker

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Due to ever-increasing demands to acquire effective communicative abilities in the English language, increasing numbers of international students choose to study in Western tertiary institutions; however, they frequently encounter difficulties in performing satisfactorily in English. This study aims to identify specific challenges that Japanese students face with oral communication skills while studying in Australian universities. Results from questionnaire data collected from 33 undergraduate and postgraduate Japanese students in Australia and interview data from five TESOL postgraduate students indicate that Japanese students have greater difficulty with speaking than with listening and pronunciation. It also sheds additional insight into two areas of ...


The Korean “Cinema Of Assimilation” And The Construction Of Cultural Hegemony In The Final Years Of Japanese Rule, Brian Yecies, Richard Howson Jan 2014

The Korean “Cinema Of Assimilation” And The Construction Of Cultural Hegemony In The Final Years Of Japanese Rule, Brian Yecies, Richard Howson

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

During the late 1930s, as Japan escalated war preparations with China, and after Governor-General Minami formalized the assimilationist ideology of “Japan and Korea as One Body”, cinema in Korea experienced a fundamental transformation. Korean filmmakers had little choice but to make co-productions that aimed to draw Koreans toward Japanese ways of thinking and living, while promoting a sense of loyalty to the Japanese Empire. Within this colonial context, and especially after the 1940 Korean Film Law facilitated the absorption of the Korean film industry into the Japanese film industry, a particular type of masculine hegemony was encouraged by a comprehensive ...


Cinema Of Actuality: Japanese Avant-Garde Filmmaking In The Season Of Image Politics By Yuriko Furuhata (Review), Michael Leggett Jan 2014

Cinema Of Actuality: Japanese Avant-Garde Filmmaking In The Season Of Image Politics By Yuriko Furuhata (Review), Michael Leggett

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The Japanese word eizo is central to an understanding of the significance of the interventions made into the cultural life of the nation by a relatively small grouping of artists and writers working between the 1950s and 1970s. Traditionally used as a phenomenological term in science and philosophy, the character connoted shadow or silhouette, later shifting to signify optical processes. Like the Greek term tehkne, creativeness and the tools used to achieve the outcome are relative, nuanced and complex.


Whither 'Training And Development' In Vietnam?: Learning From United States And Japanese Mncs' Practice, Anne Cox, Malcolm Warner Jan 2013

Whither 'Training And Development' In Vietnam?: Learning From United States And Japanese Mncs' Practice, Anne Cox, Malcolm Warner

Faculty of Business - Papers

This paper focuses on training and development (T&D) policies and practices to explore how multinational companies (MNCs) localise their human resources within their subsidiaries in a developing country. It uses qualitative research methods to examine three US and three Japanese MNCs operating in the automotive and fast-moving consumer goods (FMCG) industry in Vietnam. The paper identifies both home- and host-country effects as significant factors in the transfer of MNCs' T&D policies and practices. Clear home-country effects are evident in rigorous attempts of both US and Japanese MNCs to transfer and implement formalised and centrally controlled training programs. Host-country ...


Ethical And Legal Issues In Teaching About Japanese Popular Culture To Undergraduate Students In Australia, Mark J. Mclelland Jan 2013

Ethical And Legal Issues In Teaching About Japanese Popular Culture To Undergraduate Students In Australia, Mark J. Mclelland

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Interest in Japanese popular culture, particularly young people’s engagement with manga and animation, is widely acknowledged to be a driving factor in recruitment to undergraduate Japanese language and studies courses at universities around the world. Contemporary students live in a convergent media culture where they often occupy multiple roles as fans, students and ‘produsers’ of Japanese cultural content. Students’ easy access to and manipulation of Japanese cultural content through sites that offer ‘scanlation’ and ‘fansubbing’ services as well as sites that enable the production and dissemination of dōjin works raise a number of ethical and legal issues, not least ...


Delaying Repatriation: Japanese Technicians In Early Post War China, Rowena G. Ward Jan 2011

Delaying Repatriation: Japanese Technicians In Early Post War China, Rowena G. Ward

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Research on the Japanese living in Manchukuo in August 1945 has generally fostered the assumption that all Japanese there wanted to return to Japan as soon as possible. Yet, some made the conscious and voluntary decision to stay, at least for the short to medium term. Among those who chose to delay repatriation were a number of technicians employed by Mantetsu’s (South Manchurian Railroad Company) Ch¯uo Shikenjo. This paper looks at the political and personal realities faced by these technicians when making their decisions as whether to stay or leave in terms of the concepts of voluntary and ...


Cultural Flows Beneath Death Note: Catching The Wave Of Popular Japanese Culture In China, Peter Goderie, Brian M. Yecies Jan 2010

Cultural Flows Beneath Death Note: Catching The Wave Of Popular Japanese Culture In China, Peter Goderie, Brian M. Yecies

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The government of the People’s Republic of China has often been criticized for its policies regarding freedom of expression. Cinema in China has been central to this criticism, particularly with respect to the distribution of foreign films. This article uses a case study of the Japanese film Death Note (Kaneko Shūsuke, 2006) to advance current understanding of Chinese cinema found in important studies such as Chu (2002), Zhang (2004) and Berry and Farquhar (2006). To better understand the controversy surrounding Death Note in the Chinese context, this article explores the historical precursors to the Chinese Communist Party’s ban ...


Equality Vs Difference: A Case Study Of Japanese Media Representations Of Gender-Specific Provisions In Labour Legislation, Kirsti Rawstron Jan 2010

Equality Vs Difference: A Case Study Of Japanese Media Representations Of Gender-Specific Provisions In Labour Legislation, Kirsti Rawstron

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the portrayal of gender issues in the Japanese media. It will do so through a case study of discussions in mainstream newspapers surrounding the removal of the gender-specific provisions (or ‘women’s protection articles’, hereafter WPA) of the Labour Standards Law. The discussions touch on debates concerning ‘equality’ and ‘difference’ and debates concerning the role of legislation in promoting social change. After a summary of relevant legislation, the arguments surrounding the 1997 removal (effective 1999) of the WPA is examined using items from 1982 to 2005 in the Asahi Shimbun, the Mainichi Shimbun, the Nihon Keizai Shimbun ...


The Legendary Overseas Chinese Anti-Japanese Army In The Defence Of Singapore During The Japanese Invasion Of February 1942, Jung Kwok Jan 2009

The Legendary Overseas Chinese Anti-Japanese Army In The Defence Of Singapore During The Japanese Invasion Of February 1942, Jung Kwok

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Known as the Overseas Anti-Japanese Army by the Chinese in Singapore but officially as Dalforce by the British, this was a Chinese militia unit formed to defend Singapore Island during the Japanese invasion in 1942. Its unit history written by its deputy commander Major Hu Tie Jun suggests that the Overseas Anti-Japanese Army was a heroic and patriotic army. The legendary exploits of the Overseas Chinese Anti-Japanese Army has since been picked up by Singaporean journalist writer Foong Choon Hon and made into a popular wartime narrative in Singapore in his best seller war narrative The Price of Peace. Since ...


Japanese Folk Tales: Text Structure And Evaluative Expressions, Motoki Sano, Elizabeth A. Thomson Jan 2008

Japanese Folk Tales: Text Structure And Evaluative Expressions, Motoki Sano, Elizabeth A. Thomson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Hasan's approach to text structure is a semantic one. In the 1996 paper, The nursery tale as genre, she explains her approach through an analysis of nursery tales. The tale is understood within its contextual configuration using the registerial variables of field, tenor and mode. But further, it is understood as a genre in which instances of the nursery tale share common generic elements of structure, some of which are obligatory and others, optional. It is the obligatory elements of structure which define the instance as belonging to the genre of nursery tale. Within the elements of structure are ...


Adoptability Of Japanese Management Practices In Sri Lankan Industry, Anura De Zoysa, Siriyama Kanthi Herath Jan 2008

Adoptability Of Japanese Management Practices In Sri Lankan Industry, Anura De Zoysa, Siriyama Kanthi Herath

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The effectiveness of Japanese management practices (JMPs) is often referred to as a major reason for Japan's economic miracle. In recent years, several countries also have achieved remarkable results by adopting some JMPs in their manufacturing organisations. Through the overview of an Indian experience, this paper attempts to examine how Sri Lankan industrialists can benefit from adopting JMPs in their organisations. It is suggested that JMPs, if properly adopted, can accelerate industrial development in Sri Lanka by contributing effectively towards achieving low cost, superior quality and high productivity.


Taking On Japanese Whalers: The Humane Society International Litigation, Ruth A. Davis Jan 2007

Taking On Japanese Whalers: The Humane Society International Litigation, Ruth A. Davis

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

On 14 July 2006 the Full Federal Court declared that Humane Society International ('HSI') could commence proceedings against Japanese whalers for alleged violations of the Australian Whale Sanctuary in Antarctica. 1 The decision was a significant victory for the public interest organisation, which had originally been denied leave to serve originating process on the Japanese defendant on the grounds that the action could be contrary to Australia's national interests. 2 In its amended statement of claim3 HSI alleged that between February 2001 and March 2005, the respondent Kyodo Senpaku Kaisha Ltd ('Kyodo') had unlawfully killed or interfered with around ...


Update: Japanese Whaling Litigation, Ruth Davis Jan 2007

Update: Japanese Whaling Litigation, Ruth Davis

Faculty of Law - Papers (Archive)

Recently the University of Tasmania Law Review reported on the ongoing litigation by the Humane Society International Inc ('HSI') against Japanese whaling in Australian Antarctic waters. On 15 January 2008, HSI was finally successful: the Federal Court declared that the whalers were in breach of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth) ('EPBC Act') and issued an injunction against them.


Getting To Know Others: An Experience Of Students Of Japanese Through Online Chat Sessions, Ritsuko Saito Jan 2006

Getting To Know Others: An Experience Of Students Of Japanese Through Online Chat Sessions, Ritsuko Saito

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

When learning a foreign language, online chat can be used to communicate with native speakers of the target language and to obtain information about that country. Interaction through such a medium often offers the only opportunity for learners to communicate with native speakers, particularly in regional areas where the learning environment provides limited access to the cultural activities and resources on offer in more metropolitan areas. This paper presents an experience of students of Japanese in a regional university through online chat. It examines the information students get to know about Japan and the Japanese and analyses how opinions of ...


Japanese Government Policy And The Reality Of The Lives Of The Zanryu Fujin, Rowena Ward Jan 2006

Japanese Government Policy And The Reality Of The Lives Of The Zanryu Fujin, Rowena Ward

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The zanryu fujin, (or stranded war wives) are former Japanese female emigrants to Manchuria who, for various reasons, remained in China at the end of World War Two. They were for a long time the forgotten members of Japan's imperialist past. The reasons why the women did not undergo repatriation during the years up to 1958, when large numbers of the former colonial emigrants returned to Japan, are varied, but in many cases, their 'Chinese' families played some part. The stories of survival by these women during the period immediately after the entry of Russia into the Pacific War ...


Nsw High School Students Construction Of Democratic Citizenship Through Language Learning: A Case Study Of Japanese Language Learning Experience, Yuko Ramzan Jan 2006

Nsw High School Students Construction Of Democratic Citizenship Through Language Learning: A Case Study Of Japanese Language Learning Experience, Yuko Ramzan

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This study reports on the perceptions of five high school students in NSW who have been studying Japanese language since their primary schooling. The study examines how the students construct their self and others within their Japanese language classes and how the classes contribute to citizenship education. The discussion, based on data derived from in-depth and semi-structured interviews is focused on perceptions of language learning, interculturality and citizenship education. The results suggest that language learning contributes to the students’ construction of interculturality, which in turn provides a focus for meting the students’ needs for citizenship education.


Informing Curriculum Design Using Genre Analysis: A Study Of Three Genres In Japanese, Elizabeth A. Thomson Jan 2005

Informing Curriculum Design Using Genre Analysis: A Study Of Three Genres In Japanese, Elizabeth A. Thomson

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The notion that texts in Japanese can be described in terms of text type or genre is not a new or novel approach. However, such descriptions are not common. This paper presents a description of three genres in Japanese: the factual news commentary, the hard news story and the soft news story. The descriptions have been informed by systemic functional linguistics, in particular by work 011 the system of THEME (Halliday 1994, Martin 1993, Mathiessen 1995), thematic patterns of progression (Danes 1974, Fries 1983, Ghadessy /995) and generic structure potential (GSP) (Hasan 1996). The GSP representation o/the genres enables ...


Recentering Globalization: Popular Culture And Japanese Transnationalism, Matthew Allen Jan 2004

Recentering Globalization: Popular Culture And Japanese Transnationalism, Matthew Allen

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Book review of: Recentering Globalization: Popular Culture and Japanese Transnationalism. By Iwabuchi Koichi. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2002. 288 pp. $59.95 (cloth); $19.95 (paper).


"A Mirror For Men?" Idealised Depictions Of White Men And Gay Men In Japanese Women's Media, Mark Mclelland Jan 2003

"A Mirror For Men?" Idealised Depictions Of White Men And Gay Men In Japanese Women's Media, Mark Mclelland

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This paper argues that Japanese women's media which portray images of foreign (nearly always white) men and Japanese gay men as objects of desire and fascination for Japanese women function as rhetorical mirrors whose real intent is to reflect back the supposed deficiencies of 'traditional' Japanese men. The paper concludes that women's media are being used as a vehicle for anti-male rhetoric, a channel for an indirect discourse of complaint whose main purpose is to critique the perceived shortcomings of ordinary Japanese men.


Out On The Global Stage: Authenticity, Interpretation And Orientalism In Japanese Coming Out Narratives, Mark Mclelland Jan 2001

Out On The Global Stage: Authenticity, Interpretation And Orientalism In Japanese Coming Out Narratives, Mark Mclelland

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

In recent years in Anglophone countries and the societies of northern Europe, the 'coming out' narrative has emerged as the primary genre through which individuals who identify as lesbian and gay narrate their lives. Through the wide reach of western gay print media and also sites on the Internet, this discourse is also gaining ground in societies where 'sexuality' has not traditionally been a privileged site of 'identity.' In the 1990s, Japan, like other societies in Asia, underwent a 'gay boom' in which new, primarily western terminology, began to be deployed in an attempt to describe and speak for previously ...


The Successful Imitation Of The Japanese Lean Production System By American Firms: Impact On American Economic Growth, E. Sanidas Jan 2001

The Successful Imitation Of The Japanese Lean Production System By American Firms: Impact On American Economic Growth, E. Sanidas

Faculty of Business - Economics Working Papers

This paper provides some quantitative evidence about the strong links between the Lean Production System (LPS) or equivalently the holistic Just-in-Time/Quality Control (JIT/QC) system and sectoral (micro) economic growth. This evidence is supported by qualitative arguments that present the LPS or the JIT/QC philosophy as a major and fundamental organizational feature of modern economies. Though the implementation of such a system originated in Japan, the USA have been in the process of catching up in the last fifteen years. Subsequently, recently published American sectoral data (for the period between 1958 and 1996) are used to provide ample ...