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The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand Aug 2015

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


Importance Of Medical Informatics In Medical Students' Curricula In Saudi Arabia, Jwaher Abdullah Almulhem Aug 2015

Importance Of Medical Informatics In Medical Students' Curricula In Saudi Arabia, Jwaher Abdullah Almulhem

Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this research project is to determine the importance of Medical Informatics (MI) course inclusion in the curriculum studied by medical students in Saudi Arabia. The healthcare environment has changed dramatically since last few decades. It has become an information- intensive environment and has shifted its focus on technological applications. As a result of such a shift in focus, efforts should be made that future healthcare professionals be prepared for such an environment through MI. This research project aims to determine the acceptance of MI applications by medical students. The study will compare the acceptability of MI ...


Investigating The Use Of A Positive Variation Of The Good Behavior Game In A High School Setting, Shauna Lynne Aug 2015

Investigating The Use Of A Positive Variation Of The Good Behavior Game In A High School Setting, Shauna Lynne

Master's Theses

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is an example of an interdependent group contingency that can be used in classrooms to manage behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a positive variation of the GBG in which teachers attend to rule-following behavior, as opposed to the original version of the game in which teachers attend to rule-breaking behavior. In previous studies, researchers have demonstrated the effectiveness of the GBG in decreasing problematic behavior and/or increasing productive or desired behavior in classroom settings and in hospital settings and spanning preschool-aged, elementary toddlers to high school-aged adolescents ...


The Italian Immigrants’ Assimilation Into American Culture And The Subsequent Impact On Food, Language And Last Names, Joseph S. Pechie May 2015

The Italian Immigrants’ Assimilation Into American Culture And The Subsequent Impact On Food, Language And Last Names, Joseph S. Pechie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study is to examine the assimilation process of first, second, and third, generation Italian-Americans had on three facets of their culture’s everyday life, specifically: food, language, and last names. As Italians immigrated and assimilated into America, so did their culture and native traditions. Over time, the Italian culture has turned into a staple of American life and can be seen integrated into communities across the United States. A culture originally the subject of mockery, ridicule, and discrimination, the Italian culture endured decades, and generations, of change to become praised and appreciated. Although aspects of all ...


Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, Jennerpher Renee Meyers May 2015

Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, Jennerpher Renee Meyers

Dissertations

Detection of cloud shadow pixels is an important step in image processing in several remote sensing ocean-color application domains, such as obtaining chlorophyll content. While shadow detection algorithms do exist, the vast majority are for over land which leaves few options for detection over water.

The detection of cloud shadow over water in HICO imagery is a unique problem. As its name implies, HICO (Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean) imagery is produced for coastal and oceanic regions. Since land based algorithms remove water before processing, these approaches would not be applicable. The only currently published HICO shadow pixel detection ...


Dual-Interval Spaces: Interrelations Between Interval Classes 1 And 5, Local Pitch Centers And Form In Dmitri Shostakovich's Piano Sonata No. 1, Op. 12, Tae Young Hong May 2015

Dual-Interval Spaces: Interrelations Between Interval Classes 1 And 5, Local Pitch Centers And Form In Dmitri Shostakovich's Piano Sonata No. 1, Op. 12, Tae Young Hong

Master's Theses

Dmitri Shostakovich’s Piano Sonata No. 1, written in 1926, is one of his most complex and lengthy works for piano. In contrast to the conservative style used in his critically-acclaimed Symphony No. 1, Op. 10, composed a year earlier, the sonata employs a highly modernistic idiom which predominated the composer’s output in the late 1920’s. The musical surface of the sonata was crafted by an extensive use of interval classes 1 and 5 which serve as the primary means of structuring pitch material.

This paper examines the surface combinations of two interval classes as well as their ...


Promoting Hope And Resilience In Parkinson’S Disease, Emily R. Brunner May 2015

Promoting Hope And Resilience In Parkinson’S Disease, Emily R. Brunner

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this project was to explore how or if social workers promote hope and resiliency in individuals’ with Parkinson’s disease. Using a qualitative design, eight licensed social workers throughout the United States, with between two to thirty years of experience working with individuals suffering from Parkinson’s disease. The participants reflected on their experiences and observations of hope and resiliency in individuals with Parkinson’s disease. The researcher analyzed data by looking for themes and commonalties between the participant responses during the interviews. The interviews were transcribed and linked to previous related literature. The findings indicated that ...


A Failed Dream: Literacy Education In The Global South, Allison Haley Gose May 2015

A Failed Dream: Literacy Education In The Global South, Allison Haley Gose

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


International Power Relations And State Collapse: The Ephemeral State Of Sovereignty In The Modern World Order, Christopher Allen Reese May 2015

International Power Relations And State Collapse: The Ephemeral State Of Sovereignty In The Modern World Order, Christopher Allen Reese

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Behind The Meatball: A Reflection On Italian Cuisine, Lost And Found, Christina Deray May 2015

Behind The Meatball: A Reflection On Italian Cuisine, Lost And Found, Christina Deray

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This thesis is a memoir about the lives of the matriarchs of my family: my grandmothers, Carmina and Marie, but in many other ways the memoir becomes a point of entry for a personal essay that explores the culture of authenticity in American cuisine. As a memoir, I offer a personal history of an original Italian cuisine from my very Italian family— how it was transplanted from the European “boot” to American soil, how it flourished through the lessons Carmina taught my family, and how it got transformed when it hit American. I reflect upon the appearance, after the Second ...


Coup D'État And International Trade, Brian Alan Childers May 2015

Coup D'État And International Trade, Brian Alan Childers

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Rendering And Compositing For Visual Effects, Jensen Abler May 2015

Rendering And Compositing For Visual Effects, Jensen Abler

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The methods used to create visual effects for feature film production are quickly evolving. Cutting edge techniques are constantly being improved upon, and the capability to solve unique problems is paramount in real world production. I present a creative project which utilizes novel applications of common techniques, such as projection mapping, multi-tile UV workflows, procedural texture generation, normal mapping, and image based lighting.


An Evaluation Of Two Approaches For Developing Keyboarding Skills In Children With Cognitive Disabilities, Linda A. Blazek May 2015

An Evaluation Of Two Approaches For Developing Keyboarding Skills In Children With Cognitive Disabilities, Linda A. Blazek

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

This study examined the efficacy of two programs designed to teach keyboarding skills to school-aged children with intellectual disabilities. The study employed a mixed methods research design utilizing the number of accurate key strokes and speed in completing a task as dependent variables in the quantitative analysis. The scores used in the analysis were derived from a teacher-designed test that consisted of a timed test with students keyboarding specific sets of letter sequences. The qualitative segment of the study consisted of focus group interviews with the participating teachers to determine the method perceived to be effective in teaching keyboarding skills ...


Identifying Temporal Differences In Vibration Receptor Activation In The Sand Fiddler Crab, Uca Pugilator, Andre' Matthew Agassi May 2015

Identifying Temporal Differences In Vibration Receptor Activation In The Sand Fiddler Crab, Uca Pugilator, Andre' Matthew Agassi

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Factors That Contribute To Student Achievement: A Case Study Of One High School, David E. Hale May 2015

Factors That Contribute To Student Achievement: A Case Study Of One High School, David E. Hale

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine if there were definable factors, which contributed to or impacted the ACT scores, end of course test scores or grade point averages of groups of high school students who possessed those factors. The hypothesis that this study adopted was that there were definable factors that created barriers to success for students. It was hypothesized that when these negative factors were identified and when students were grouped according to the factors that they possessed, differences in the success these groups achieved, with regard to ACT scores, end of course test scores, and ...


Going Where Students Are: Comparing Faculty And Student Uses And Perceptions Of Social Networking In Higher Education, Janethia Michelle Caldwell May 2015

Going Where Students Are: Comparing Faculty And Student Uses And Perceptions Of Social Networking In Higher Education, Janethia Michelle Caldwell

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Often in education, the phrase “meet students where they are” is used as an approach to meet ever-changing needs of students. As the popularity of social networking increases, specifically among college students, the question arises: should colleges and universities utilize social networking sites (SNS) as a supplemental educational tool? This study explored this question by using survey items based on Rogers’ (2003) Diffusion of Innovation attributes to compare faculty and students’ current rate of adoption of using SNSs and their perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages of using them as tools to enhance teaching and learning. The population consisted of ...


Utilizing Problem-Based Learning Activities In Science With Students With Disabilities, Sarah E. Lenhard Apr 2015

Utilizing Problem-Based Learning Activities In Science With Students With Disabilities, Sarah E. Lenhard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today, science teachers are faced with a challenge: to provide an authentic and engaging science curriculum to an increasingly diverse population of students including students with disabilities. Furthermore, the challenge is compounded when teachers are asked to incorporate the new Common Core Learning Standards into their science curriculum. Because of these challenges science teachers may struggle to provide an authentic and engaging science curriculum and ultimately may find themselves resorting to lectures and “cookie cutter” lab activities. This thesis will offer support through the use of strategies and scaffolds to general and special education teachers who teach or consult in ...


An In-Vitro Comparison Of Different Palatal Sites For Orthodontic Miniscrew Insertion: The Effect Of Bone Quality And Quantity On Primary Stability, Carine Bourassa Jan 2015

An In-Vitro Comparison Of Different Palatal Sites For Orthodontic Miniscrew Insertion: The Effect Of Bone Quality And Quantity On Primary Stability, Carine Bourassa

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Introduction: The maxillary hard palate is a desirable location for orthodontic miniscrew (OMS) placement. The related anatomy is well known, but little data exists regarding the primary stability of palatal OMSs.

Purpose: To assess the quality and quantity of human cadaveric palatal bone at different insertion sites using microCT imaging, and to determine their effect on the primary stability of OMSs.

Materials and methods: One hundred and thirty OMSs (VectorTASTM, 6 mm) were inserted into ten human cadaveric maxillary hard palates and maximal insertion torques (IT) were recorded. MicroCT images were obtained before and after OMS insertion for assessment ...


A Study Of Photon Trapping And The Ac Stark Effect In Photonic Crystals And Dispersive Materials, Iftekharul Haque Jan 2015

A Study Of Photon Trapping And The Ac Stark Effect In Photonic Crystals And Dispersive Materials, Iftekharul Haque

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

In this thesis, we study light-matter interaction in the contexts of coherent population trapping (CPT) and the ac Stark effect in nanoparticles embedded (doped) in two important classes of reservoirs -- photonic crystals and dispersive materials. These materials have gaps in their energy spectra and are studied widely due to their unusual optical properties and potential for novel applications. We consider that the reservoirs are doped with an ensemble of five-level nanoparticles, each with a single Λ core (consisting of a lower doublet and an upper energy level), which interact with both the host reservoir and external radiation fields. We have ...


Distal Humerus Hemiarthroplasty: Joint Kinematics, Stability, Congruency And Implant Design, Sagar J. Desai Jan 2015

Distal Humerus Hemiarthroplasty: Joint Kinematics, Stability, Congruency And Implant Design, Sagar J. Desai

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Distal humeral hemiarthroplasty is a treatment option for fractures, non-unions and avascular necrosis of the distal humerus. Commercially available distal humeral implants are available; however, many unanswered questions remain regarding their role in treatment of distal humeral pathology. The optimal articular shape of the implant has not been defined, the biomechanical effects have not been reported, and contact stresses on native articular cartilage are unknown.

This work has defined the osseous anatomy and anatomic variability of the distal humeral articulation using accurate 3D reconstruction methods. A data bank of distal humeral dimensions has been created and may be effective in ...


Traditional Vs. Electronic Learning Environment, William T. Kaufman Jan 2015

Traditional Vs. Electronic Learning Environment, William T. Kaufman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The traditional learning environment and electronic learning environment are quickly being blended into some curriculum's at the elementary level. Using the qualitative comparison study this paper analyzed what type of environment was most effective for an elementary student. Three students within a second grade classroom were chosen to be observed based on current levels of performances in the areas of English – Language Arts and Mathematics. Student behavior, engagement, and academic success were all concepts that were analyzed. Parent teacher conference notes were analyzed to determine if the electronic learning program was suitable for usage outside of school hours.


The Effect Of Computerized Cognitive Training On The Working Memory And Mathematics Achievement Of Low Achievers, Shalette Ashman-East Jan 2015

The Effect Of Computerized Cognitive Training On The Working Memory And Mathematics Achievement Of Low Achievers, Shalette Ashman-East

GSCIS ETDs

Computerized cognitive training is recognized as an appropriate tool in enhancing working memory in individuals with and without physical limitations. Previous researchers have examined the application of computerized cognitive training in stroke patients, children suffering from ADHD, and older adults. Presently, there is a lack of controlled studies regarding computerized cognitive training in low-achieving primary school students. The goal of this study was to examine the interactions among working memory, computerized cognitive training and academic achievement. Specifically, the study sought to determine whether low-achieving primary school students would significantly improve their mathematics achievement (as measured by the Grade Four Literacy ...


Intervention And Sectarian Conflict: Fear And Loathing In The Levant, Jacob Karson Jan 2015

Intervention And Sectarian Conflict: Fear And Loathing In The Levant, Jacob Karson

International Political Economy Theses

The purpose of this paper is to determine under what circumstances foreign intervention exacerbates sectarian conflict. Since the vast majority of academics do not pay heed to the argument that sectarian conflict is simply the result of ancient hatreds, economic, political, and social factors that result in sectarian conflict must be analyzed. To determine what these factors are and how they interplay with intervention and its associated outcomes, this paper will first review the appropriate literature on foreign intervention and sectarian conflict and then apply relevant theories to three case studies in the Levant covering 1990 to 2014. This paper ...


Dynamic Game-Theoretic Models To Determine The Value Of Intrusion Detection Systems In The Face Of Uncertainty, David Paul Moured Jan 2015

Dynamic Game-Theoretic Models To Determine The Value Of Intrusion Detection Systems In The Face Of Uncertainty, David Paul Moured

GSCIS ETDs

Firms lose millions of dollars every year to cyber-attacks and the risk to these companies is growing exponentially. The threat to monetary and intellectual property has made Information Technology (IT) security management a critical challenge to firms. Security devices, including Intrusion Detections Systems (IDS), are commonly used to help protect these firms from malicious users by identifying the presence of malicious network traffic. However, the actual value of these devices remains uncertain among the IT security community because of the costs associated with the implementation of different monitoring strategies that determine when to inspect potentially malicious traffic and the costs ...


Clinical Outcomes Of Maxillomandibular Advancement Surgery For The Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Brian L. Phee Jan 2015

Clinical Outcomes Of Maxillomandibular Advancement Surgery For The Treatment Of Obstructive Sleep Apnea, Brian L. Phee

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

Objective: To evaluate clinical and radiographic treatment outcomes after maxillomandibular advancement (MMA) surgery on subjects suffering from obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).

Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort analysis. Subjects underwent pre- and post-surgical polysomnography (PSG) studies and were also asked to complete a subjective self-assessment via the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) questionnaire. Twenty-two patients (11 male, 11 female) met the inclusion criteria.

Results: The mean pre-surgical apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score was 48.4 (+/-31.3) and mean ESS score was 11.6 (+/-4.6). After surgery, the mean AHI reduced to 14.0 (+/-15.0) and ESS reduced ...


Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht Jan 2015

Exploring The Effects Of Using The Words Their Way Program With Teenage Boys With Autism, Emily A. Gutknecht

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This project is an initial investigation into effective methods of literacy instruction for teenage boys with autism. This study specifically focused on the Words Their WayTM Program incorporating Word Study for Spelling Instruction. The program focuses on developmental levels, differentiated based on ability, and uses a variety of multi-modal activities. Through a mixed-methods approach, both qualitative and quantitative data is collected and significant themes are developed (improvement in handwriting, characteristics of autism becoming academic obstacles, issues with the program, and ways motivation and engagement have influenced student performance). It was concluded that the program does improve spelling ability though ...


Design And Development Of A Framework For Traffic Management In A Global Manufacturing Enterprise: The American Standard Case Study, Nathaniel J. Melby Jan 2015

Design And Development Of A Framework For Traffic Management In A Global Manufacturing Enterprise: The American Standard Case Study, Nathaniel J. Melby

GSCIS ETDs

Managed Bandwidth Services (MBSs) use Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees to effectively control traffic flows and reduce network delay. In the past, the provision of MBS in a global manufacturing enterprise was a difficult task for network administrators. However, advances in recently emerging technologies, such as Multiprotocol Label Switching (MPLS), Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching (GMPLS), Integrated Services (IntServ), Differentiated Services (DiffServ), and Constraint-based Routing (CBR), hold promise to make MBS implementation more manageable. QoS technologies, such as DiffServ and IntServ, offer the benefits of better application performance and delivery of reliable network service. As a consequence of network traffic loads ...


De Heidegger À Henry, Critique De La Transcendance Et Phénoménologie Du Corps Vivant, Vincent Marzano-Poitras Jan 2015

De Heidegger À Henry, Critique De La Transcendance Et Phénoménologie Du Corps Vivant, Vincent Marzano-Poitras

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis evaluates Michel Henry’s phenomenology of the lived body: A thorough reconsideration of the role of the lived body in the transcendental constitution of our world has important ethical consequences. We begin with Heidegger’s definition of phenomenology, which rests on his understanding of time as the horizon of being. We then turn to Henry’s criticism of transcendental monism and its phenomenological derealization. Henry subsequently argues for a new thinking of immanence, which requires a redefinition of phenomenology through the immediate experience of the embodied self. This immediate immanence manifests itself, through our perception of transcendence, as ...


Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin Jan 2015

Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

According to the National Education Association, students need to be prepared to be contributing members in global society (2012). Therefore, students need to learn how to collaborate and communicate with peers in a group. So far, competition has been prevalent in the academics of the United States (Shindler, 2009). Cooperative learning provides a teaching approach based on group success. Furthermore, there is a plethora of benefits from the use of cooperative learning in the science classroom. It promotes psychological health and high academic achievement (Johnson, Johnson & Roseth, 2010; Mesch, Johnson and Johnson, 2001). Cooperative learning is also a good approach for student ...


The Influence Of Long-Term Gamma-Radiation And Initially Dissolved Chemicals On Aqueous Kinetics And Interfacial Processes, Pamela A. Yakabuskie Jan 2015

The Influence Of Long-Term Gamma-Radiation And Initially Dissolved Chemicals On Aqueous Kinetics And Interfacial Processes, Pamela A. Yakabuskie

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis presents work focusing on the long-term effect of gamma-radiation on aqueous solution kinetics. Ionizing radiation drives the decomposition of water to form both oxidizing (•OH, O2, H2O2) and reducing (•eaq, •O2, •H, H2) chemical species. Over time, these radiolysis products can react with dissolved solutes and participate in interfacial reactions. This can lead to significant changes in the eventual solution redox condition, and gas phase composition, and in certain cases result in the formation of solid species. Understanding the long-term solution kinetics for radiolysis systems is particularly important for the improvement ...