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Video Games In Education, Matthew C. Heins Dec 2017

Video Games In Education, Matthew C. Heins

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this paper is to review relevant literature that explored the impact of video games within the field of education. Through a review of studies on video games in education, between 2000 and 2015, I aim to discuss that video games do have educational value in multiple content areas k-12, and educators have effectively implemented video games consistently through the same approaches. In addition, I discuss that there are existing limitations within schools due to educators and a lack of adequate technology available to support the implementation of video games into education. My analysis of the current literature ...


Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer Dec 2017

Tea Induction Of Cyp6a8 Promoter In Drosophila Melanogaster, Fiona Retzer

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Not Fully Formed..., Elizabeth Adare Brown May 2017

Not Fully Formed..., Elizabeth Adare Brown

Bachelor of Fine Arts Senior Papers

An appraisal of the artist’s place and responsibility in the diluted, steaming [sic] timeline of show and tell as is now experienced daily by artist and audience alike. The predicaments and possibilities are posited, assessed and adjudicated sequentially. These actions are set against a backdrop of art history and emergent narrative methodologies in the arts. The judgements inform the studio practice.


Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain May 2017

Schizophrenia And Its Effects On An American Family: A Call To Action For The 21st Century, Cynthia Newton Captain

Senior Theses and Capstone Projects

Our country’s healthcare system is at a moral crossroads. The way we treat those whom we call “the homeless” is deplorable. The majority of the homeless are mentally ill and need treatment. Our country needs to treat those with the severe brain diseases of schizophrenia, schizo-affective disorder, and bi-polar disorder just as we would Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Those with severe mental illness, who have no insight into their illness, should not be allowed to dictate their own treatment. If a homeless person is brought to San Francisco General Hospital and is found to be a ...


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Appalachia: Proposed Methods To Analyze And Solve Social And Medical Issues Surrounding The Disorder, Alexis Rae Prillhart May 2017

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder In Appalachia: Proposed Methods To Analyze And Solve Social And Medical Issues Surrounding The Disorder, Alexis Rae Prillhart

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


The Destruction Of Property And The Radical Nature Of The Boston Tea Party, Holly K. Nehls May 2017

The Destruction Of Property And The Radical Nature Of The Boston Tea Party, Holly K. Nehls

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Arguments Against Peter Klein's Infinitism, Jason A Dewitt May 2017

Arguments Against Peter Klein's Infinitism, Jason A Dewitt

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Suppressor Of Cytokine Signaling (Socs)1 And Socs3 Stimulation During Experimental Cytomegalovirus Retinitis: Virologic, Immunologic, Or Pathologic Mechanisms, Christine I. Alston Jan 2017

Suppressor Of Cytokine Signaling (Socs)1 And Socs3 Stimulation During Experimental Cytomegalovirus Retinitis: Virologic, Immunologic, Or Pathologic Mechanisms, Christine I. Alston

Biology Dissertations

AIDS-related human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) retinitis remains the leading cause of blindness among untreated HIV/AIDS patients worldwide. Understanding the pathogenesis of this disease is essential for developing new, safe, and effective treatments for its prevention or management, yet much remains unknown about the virologic and immunologic mechanisms contributing to its pathology. To study such mechanisms, we use a well-established, reproducible, and clinically relevant animal model with retrovirus-induced murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (MAIDS) that mimics in mice the symptoms and progression of AIDS in humans. Over 8 to 12 weeks, MAIDS mice become susceptible to experimental murine cytomegalovirus (MCMV) retinitis. We ...


Reprogramming Of Myeloid Compartments Supporting Tissue Repair During Dss-Induced Colitis Recovery, Alexandra Tremblay Jan 2017

Reprogramming Of Myeloid Compartments Supporting Tissue Repair During Dss-Induced Colitis Recovery, Alexandra Tremblay

Biology Dissertations

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC), emerging during tumor growth or chronic inflammation play a critical role in regulating T cell function. However, mechanisms governing the generation of these cells remain unclear, and need to be further defined. Using a DSS-induced colitis and recovery model, we characterized the dynamic changes within myeloid compartments and the emergence of MDSC during active and resolution phases of inflammation. We show that the immature myeloid compartment expands in bone marrow (BM) specifically at the resolution phase of inflammation during colitis transition to recovery. Additionally, we found enhanced levels of IL-17 in the serum of colitis mice ...


Nietzsche On Honor And Empathy, Akshay Ganesh Jan 2017

Nietzsche On Honor And Empathy, Akshay Ganesh

Philosophy Theses

Moral philosophers like Martha Nussbaum, Philippa Foot, and Michael Weber argue for what I call the “Neo-Stoic Reading” of Nietzsche, which includes two claims: first, Nietzsche allegedly recommends the relentless pursuit of self-interest at the expense of other persons; second, he denies empathy any major role in the ethical life. I will argue that the Neo-Stoic view misses an important unifying theme in Nietzsche’s ethics and his criticism of morality—his investment in the value of honor—and that Nietzsche’s ethical recommendations involving empathy and even altruism can be better understood by situating them within an historical tradition ...


Parents, Politicians, And The Public: Hume's Natural History Of Justice Is Humean Enough, Scott Collison Jan 2017

Parents, Politicians, And The Public: Hume's Natural History Of Justice Is Humean Enough, Scott Collison

Philosophy Theses

David Hume argues that reflections upon public utility explain the psychological foundations of justice and the moral feelings attendant on it. Adam Smith objects that Hume’s theory of justice is psychologically implausible. A just punishment attracts the approval of every citizen on Hume’s alleged view. Not every citizen can consider the abstract public interest every time, Smith observes, so Hume can’t have explained all of justice. I argue, in response, that Smith’s objection has not accounted for all of the causal processes that Hume draws upon in support of reflections upon public utility. Conventions establish the ...


Intersection Of Longest Paths In Graph Theory And Predicting Performance In Facial Recognition, Amy Yates Jan 2017

Intersection Of Longest Paths In Graph Theory And Predicting Performance In Facial Recognition, Amy Yates

Mathematics Dissertations

A set of subsets is said to have the Helly property if the condition that each pair of subsets has a non-empty intersection implies that the intersection of all subsets has a non-empty intersection. In 1966, Gallai noticed that the set of all longest paths of a connected graph is pairwise intersecting and asked if the set had the Helly property. While it is not true in general, a number of classes of graphs have been shown to have the property. In this dissertation, we show that K4-minor-free graphs, interval graphs, circular arc graphs, and the intersection graphs ...


"I Wanna Know Where The Rule Book Is": Youtube As A Site Of Counternarratives To Transnormativity, Jordan Forrest Miller Jan 2017

"I Wanna Know Where The Rule Book Is": Youtube As A Site Of Counternarratives To Transnormativity, Jordan Forrest Miller

Women's, Gender, and Sexuality Studies Theses

In June 2015, Caitlyn Jenner created waves of excitement with her coming out announcement on the cover of Vanity Fair: “Call me Caitlyn.” From the perspective of critical trans politics, however, the heightened visibility of trans people in mainstream media does not call for unequivocal celebration. Though trans women of color, such as Laverne Cox and Janet Mock, are more visible in mainstream media than ever before, mainstream media still largely depicts trans people through white constructs of what it means to be trans, namely medicalized binary transitions. Many trans people who deviate from mainstream media’s depiction of trans ...


Locus Of Control In L2 English Listening Assessment, Sarah J. Goodwin Jan 2017

Locus Of Control In L2 English Listening Assessment, Sarah J. Goodwin

Applied Linguistics and English as a Second Language Dissertations

In second language (L2) listening assessment, various factors have the potential to impact the validity of listening test items (Brindley & Slatyer, 2002; Buck & Tatsuoka, 1998; Freedle & Kostin, 1999; Nissan, DeVincenzi, & Tang, 1996; Read, 2002; Shohamy & Inbar, 1991). One relatively unexplored area to date is who controls the aural input. In traditional standardized listening tests, an administrator controlled recording is played once or twice. In real world or classroom listening, however, listeners can sometimes request repetition or clarification. Allowing listeners to control the aural input thus has the potential to add test authenticity but requires careful design of the input and expected response as well as an appropriate computer interface. However, if candidates feel less anxious, allowing control of listening input may enhance examinees' experience and still reflect their listening proficiency. Comparing traditional and self paced (i.e., examinees having the opportunity to start, stop, and move the audio position) delivery of multiple choice comprehension items, my research inquiry is whether self paced listening can be a sufficiently reliable and valid measure of examinees' listening ability.

Data were gathered from 100 prospective and current university ESL students. They were administered computer based multiple choice listening tests: 10 identical once played items, followed by 33 items in three different conditions: 1) administrator paced input with no audio player visible, 2) self paced with a short time limit, and 3) self paced with a longer time limit. Many facet Rasch (1960/1980) modeling was used to compare the difficulty and discrimination of the items across conditions. Results indicated items on average were similar difficulty overall but discriminated best in self paced conditions. Furthermore, the vast majority of examinees reported they preferred self paced listening. The quantitative results were complemented by follow up stimulated recall interviews with eight participants who took 22 additional test items using screen capture software to explore whether and when they paused and/or repeated the input. Frequency of and reasons for self pacing did not follow any particular pattern by proficiency level. Examinees tended to play more than once but not two full times through, even without limited time. Implications for listening instruction and classroom assessment, as well as standardized testing, are discussed.

In second language (L2) listening assessment, various factors have the potential to impact the validity of listening test items (Brindley & Slatyer, 2002; Buck & Tatsuoka, 1998; Freedle & Kostin, 1999; Nissan, DeVincenzi, & Tang, 1996; Read, 2002; Shohamy & Inbar, 1991). One relatively unexplored area to date is who controls the aural input. In traditional standardized listening tests, an administrator‑controlled recording is played once or twice. In real‑world or classroom listening, however, listeners can sometimes request repetition or clarification. Allowing listeners to control the aural input thus has the potential to add test authenticity but requires careful design of the input and expected ...


Narrative Change In Professional Wrestling: Audience Address And Creative Authority In The Era Of Smart Fans, Christian Norman Jan 2017

Narrative Change In Professional Wrestling: Audience Address And Creative Authority In The Era Of Smart Fans, Christian Norman

Communication Dissertations

This dissertation project provides a methodological contribution to the field of critical rhetoric by positioning narrative theory as a powerful yet underutilized tool for examining the power dynamic between producer and consumer in a participatory media context. Drawing on theories of author and audience from rhetorical narratology, this study shows how producers of media texts provide rhetorical cues to audiences that allow them to reassert their power in the form of creative authority vis-à-vis consumers. The genre of professional wrestling serves as an ideal text for examining such power dynamics, as WWE has adapted to changing fan participatory behaviors throughout ...


The Genetic Characterization Of Locomotive Neural Circuits In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Aaron-Jay Alcala Jan 2017

The Genetic Characterization Of Locomotive Neural Circuits In Caenorhabditis Elegans, Aaron-Jay Alcala

Biology Theses

Cellular networks are required for a variety of processes in complex organisms. Caenorhabditis elegans is a useful model to gain insight into the gene regulatory networks that assemble cellular networks. Mutations in a variety of genes can affect the sinusoidal locomotive pattern of C. elegans. We isolated the mutant jd1500 from a standard genetic screen looking for mutants in C. elegans that exhibit asymmetric locomotive patterns. The two aims of this study were to: 1) identify the gene and characterize its role in the gene regulatory network and 2) characterize the cells affected by the mutation. We reasoned that jd1500 ...


Applications Of Monolithic Capillary Electrochromatography (Cec): Method Development And Quantitation Of Metabolites In Prostate Tissue And Insights Into Chiral Recognition Mechanism, Yang Lu Jan 2017

Applications Of Monolithic Capillary Electrochromatography (Cec): Method Development And Quantitation Of Metabolites In Prostate Tissue And Insights Into Chiral Recognition Mechanism, Yang Lu

Chemistry Dissertations

Capillary electrochromatography (CEC) is a major capillary electrophoresis (CE) mode that have been interfaced to mass spectrometry (MS) for sensitive and selective analysis of chiral compounds. This research expands CEC applications in cancer biomarker and chiral CE analysis. Chapter 1 is a review of liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS), and capillary electrophoresis mass spectrometry (CE/MS) for analysis of metabolites in prostate cancer diagnostics and therapies. In this chapter, a literature survey was performed within the databases PubMed, 4 Caplus/Webline and Web of Sciences. A total 17 studies reporting on various analytical platforms for ...


Cognitive Control As A Mechanism Linking Regular Physical Activity And Emotional Health, Nicole J. Hegberg Jan 2017

Cognitive Control As A Mechanism Linking Regular Physical Activity And Emotional Health, Nicole J. Hegberg

Psychology Dissertations

Growing bodies of research suggests associations between regular physical activity (PA) and emotional health. One promising mechanism of this association is a cognitive process called cognitive control. Emerging evidence links regular PA to better cognitive control in young adult populations (e.g., Themanson, Pontifex & Hillman, 2008; Winneke et al., 2011). However, almost no research has examined associations between regular PA and cognitive control task performance with emotionally-charged stimuli. Such tasks have the potential to help detect cognitive benefits of regular PA and may more effectively elicit cognitive processes related to emotional functioning than do emotionally-neutral tasks. The current study investigated whether cognitive ...


Millennials On The Move, But To Where?, Zach Kisor, Shelby Hoge, Ashley Cosher, Bethany Gump, Derek Carson, Kristi Mitchell Jan 2017

Millennials On The Move, But To Where?, Zach Kisor, Shelby Hoge, Ashley Cosher, Bethany Gump, Derek Carson, Kristi Mitchell

Honors Research Projects

The following reports discuss the geographical preferences of Millennials in relation to job selection preferences. Our team analyzed the moving trends of Millennials in both Ohio and the United States to determine what factors influence this decision. Collectively, our team concluded that in order to successfully recruit Millennials, companies must offer benefit packages that center around work-life balance. This entails not just highlighting what a job requires technically, but opportunities for leadership development, social activities outside of work, and more. To recruit this upcoming talent, companies need a holistic approach that convinces Millennials that working for their company creates a ...


Honors Project- Goodyear, Alexa Moeller, Sara Kleines, Kristyn Gawdyda, Logan Hershberger, Casey Lauber Jan 2017

Honors Project- Goodyear, Alexa Moeller, Sara Kleines, Kristyn Gawdyda, Logan Hershberger, Casey Lauber

Honors Research Projects

The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company is investigating whether or not their soybean oil tires should be advertised as such to the public. This paper discusses the various research methods that were used to come up with reccomendations to Goodyear. Some of these methods include secondary search, store observations, a survey, and a focus group. With the recommendations outlined in the paper, The Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company can assure great success with their soybean oil tires.


Molecular Biology Of A Surface-Exposed Protein Family Of Bartonella Bacilliformis, Hannah Fay Jan 2017

Molecular Biology Of A Surface-Exposed Protein Family Of Bartonella Bacilliformis, Hannah Fay

Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers

Bartonella bacilliformis is a gram negative alpha-proteobacterium native to the Andes of South America. Bartonella causes Carrion’s disease, a potentially life threatening disease transmitted by the sand fly. It has a mortality rate of 88% when untreated and 10% when treated. Diagnostics and control measures for the disease are underdeveloped and no vaccine is available. Recent outbreaks indicate that the range of the pathogen is increasing with nearly 1.7 million people in western South America at risk. Little is known about the epidemiology and pathogenesis of B. bacilliformis. Recent research done by UC San Diego found a paralogous ...


Cultural Considerations For Teaching American Indian Students, Corlin P. Reed Jan 2017

Cultural Considerations For Teaching American Indian Students, Corlin P. Reed

Undergraduate Theses and Professional Papers

When working in American Indian communities, educators must be aware of the concerns unique to the populations of students they will serve. The diversity among American Indian tribes and other communities is such that few generalizations will be of much help for real interactions in the classroom and community. Each group or individual must be approached on their own terms, with respect and willingness to learn on the part of the educator. However, some aspects of social and communicational modalities, historical and cultural factors, and spiritual beliefs are common to many American Indian groups. Familiarity with these can help prevent ...


Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Faircloth Jan 2017

Resilience As A Mediator Of The Relationship Between Negative Life Events And Psychological Well-Being, Anna L. Faircloth

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

The relatively young field of positive psychology serves to redirect the focus of common psychological investigation and intervention on factors that deplete well-being, toward characteristics and experiences that promote happiness and well-being (Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). Two features that have been consistently associated with measures of psychological well-being are resilience and negative life events (Avey et al., 2010; Shonkoff et al., 2012). The current study examined the relationship between negative life events, well-being, and resilience. Specifically, the study was designed to determine if resilience mediates the relationship between negative life events and psychological well-being among emerging adults. Participants were 325 college students (166 women; 158 men) who independently completed an online assessment comprised of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), Inventory of College Students’ Recent Life ...


Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Leleux-Labarge Jan 2017

Examining Anxiety Schemas Through The Context Of A Stress-Intrapersonal Model, Kayla M. Leleux-Labarge

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

Explicating vulnerability factors to anxiety difficulties is important as the National Comorbidity Study (NCS) lists anxiety as the most common and costly class of mental health disorders in the United States. Maladaptive schemas, as theorized by Young (1990), perpetuate anxiety pathology by hindering the individual’s ability to alter behaviors, thoughts, emotions, and overall approach to adverse events. Previous research indicates that intrapersonal resources can stymie the development of psychopathological features, even in the context of adverse life events (Floyd, Seltzer, Greenberg, & Song, 2013). The main purpose of the current study was to explore the relationship among adverse life events ...


Connecting Emotions To Behavioral Outcomes, Whitney L. Spears Jan 2017

Connecting Emotions To Behavioral Outcomes, Whitney L. Spears

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

The field of positive psychology has emerged within the last decade and focuses on investigating happiness and what constitutes a satisfying life (Seligman, 2011; Seligman & Csikszentmihalyi, 2000). One of the main purposes of positive psychology is to identify resources that can be used to promote psychologically beneficial outcomes (Fredrickson, 2001). Two positive psychological outcomes that can build resources to overcome negative circumstances and lead to a fulfilling life are resilience and well-being. A theory proposed by Fredrickson (1998) that offers a process by which individuals can enhance well-being and resilience is the broaden-and-build theory. Through this theory, it is hypothesized that experiencing positive affect can broaden an individual’s thoughts and actions, which can in turn build lasting personal outcomes (i.e., resilience and well-being; Fredrickson, 2001). The current study draws upon the tenets of the broaden-and-build theory to identify processes that may help clarify the connection between positive affect and positive psychological outcomes. Specifically, the main purpose of the current study was to determine if savoring strategies mediate the relationships between positive affect and positive psychological outcomes. Participants included two hundred and eighty-nine college students who were recruited to complete a series of online surveys. In regard to gender ...


The Effect Of Loving-Kindness Meditation On Physiological And Psychological Reactions To Violent Stimuli, Joseph A. Garcia Jan 2017

The Effect Of Loving-Kindness Meditation On Physiological And Psychological Reactions To Violent Stimuli, Joseph A. Garcia

Electronic Theses & Dissertations

In the past, meditation research has focused primarily on mindfulness meditation, but little research has examined Loving-Kindness Meditation (LKM). LKM may be an important addition to treatment or preventative programs for people at risk of exposure to violence or aggression in their lives or work. The current research aims to add to the currently growing body of literature concerning LKM and compassion based meditation practices. The researchers sought to determine if a 12-week course in LKM would have any effect on galvanic skin response (GSR) and heart rate in beats per minute (BPM) during the presentation of a video containing ...


The Price Of Being A Trans-Atlantic Hero: Struggles Of A Migrant Mother, Erica C. Davies Dec 2016

The Price Of Being A Trans-Atlantic Hero: Struggles Of A Migrant Mother, Erica C. Davies

Capstones

Migration is a huge part of Filipino culture. Economic hardship often force some Filipinos to leave their home and their families behind in order to provide a sustainable life. This decision has resulted in over 2 million OFWs, or Overseas Filipino Workers, around the globe. OFWs are local heroes, often braving long distances, sub-par working conditions, and long work hours away from their families for months or years at a time to make sure they are properly taken care of. In a world where the 9 to 5 is seen as common practice, the stories of two women show the ...


Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross Dec 2016

Access To Communication In United States Prisons: Reducing Recidivism Through Expanded Communication Programs With Inmates, Lilie Gross

Politics & Government Undergraduate Theses

The need for better communication systems in prisons is dire and will reduce recidivism rates in the United States. Not only is communication via phone lines extremely expensive and corrupt, it is almost impossible. Inmates in United States Prisons need this availability and option to communicate with their families and maintain outside relationships. While maintaining healthy and positive relationships is good for inmate's mental health, it also decreases the risk of recidivism. This paper aims to highlight the benefits of phone communication and relationships between inmates and family on the outside for it will decrease the 50% recidivism rate ...


Assessing The Effectiveness Of Micro-Level Poverty Interventions In The Highlands Of Guatemala, Jacqueline A. Castro Dec 2016

Assessing The Effectiveness Of Micro-Level Poverty Interventions In The Highlands Of Guatemala, Jacqueline A. Castro

Master's Theses

Despite immense efforts of poverty alleviation in the Western highlands of Guatemala, poverty is intense and widespread. Amidst an abundant array of poverty interventions, existing evidence on those interventions are not sufficient. Highlighting basic knowledge regarding impact evaluations, this paper aims to determine the most effective poverty intervention for the Western highland areas of Guatemala. Focusing on impact evaluations, this paper reviews 17 Latin American interventions, paying close attention to what may be applicable to this region. Using only the highest quality data from Latin America, it is clear that cash transfers and graduation programs are the most impactful interventions ...


French Economic Stagnation, Karina Vasavada Dec 2016

French Economic Stagnation, Karina Vasavada

Economics Theses

This analysis explores the reasons behind French economic stagnation and discusses why this stagnant state is seemingly irrevocable. Based on a detailed look at the economic regime changes, market restructuring, and the resultant policy direction changes in France starting post-World War II, I contend that the reason for France’s current economic stagnation was their decision to join the EU, resulting in the shift away from dirigisme, a government interventionist economic approach, and toward a market oriented economy. While this assertion goes against the prevalent economic assumption that the market can efficiently govern itself, given the trajectory of the French ...