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The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand Aug 2015

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


Importance Of Medical Informatics In Medical Students' Curricula In Saudi Arabia, Jwaher Abdullah Almulhem Aug 2015

Importance Of Medical Informatics In Medical Students' Curricula In Saudi Arabia, Jwaher Abdullah Almulhem

Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this research project is to determine the importance of Medical Informatics (MI) course inclusion in the curriculum studied by medical students in Saudi Arabia. The healthcare environment has changed dramatically since last few decades. It has become an information- intensive environment and has shifted its focus on technological applications. As a result of such a shift in focus, efforts should be made that future healthcare professionals be prepared for such an environment through MI. This research project aims to determine the acceptance of MI applications by medical students. The study will compare the acceptability of MI ...


The Italian Immigrants’ Assimilation Into American Culture And The Subsequent Impact On Food, Language And Last Names, Joseph S. Pechie May 2015

The Italian Immigrants’ Assimilation Into American Culture And The Subsequent Impact On Food, Language And Last Names, Joseph S. Pechie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study is to examine the assimilation process of first, second, and third, generation Italian-Americans had on three facets of their culture’s everyday life, specifically: food, language, and last names. As Italians immigrated and assimilated into America, so did their culture and native traditions. Over time, the Italian culture has turned into a staple of American life and can be seen integrated into communities across the United States. A culture originally the subject of mockery, ridicule, and discrimination, the Italian culture endured decades, and generations, of change to become praised and appreciated. Although aspects of all ...


Promoting Hope And Resilience In Parkinson’S Disease, Emily R. Brunner May 2015

Promoting Hope And Resilience In Parkinson’S Disease, Emily R. Brunner

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this project was to explore how or if social workers promote hope and resiliency in individuals’ with Parkinson’s disease. Using a qualitative design, eight licensed social workers throughout the United States, with between two to thirty years of experience working with individuals suffering from Parkinson’s disease. The participants reflected on their experiences and observations of hope and resiliency in individuals with Parkinson’s disease. The researcher analyzed data by looking for themes and commonalties between the participant responses during the interviews. The interviews were transcribed and linked to previous related literature. The findings indicated that ...


Rendering And Compositing For Visual Effects, Jensen Abler May 2015

Rendering And Compositing For Visual Effects, Jensen Abler

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The methods used to create visual effects for feature film production are quickly evolving. Cutting edge techniques are constantly being improved upon, and the capability to solve unique problems is paramount in real world production. I present a creative project which utilizes novel applications of common techniques, such as projection mapping, multi-tile UV workflows, procedural texture generation, normal mapping, and image based lighting.


A Failed Dream: Literacy Education In The Global South, Allison Haley Gose May 2015

A Failed Dream: Literacy Education In The Global South, Allison Haley Gose

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


International Power Relations And State Collapse: The Ephemeral State Of Sovereignty In The Modern World Order, Christopher Allen Reese May 2015

International Power Relations And State Collapse: The Ephemeral State Of Sovereignty In The Modern World Order, Christopher Allen Reese

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Behind The Meatball: A Reflection On Italian Cuisine, Lost And Found, Christina Deray May 2015

Behind The Meatball: A Reflection On Italian Cuisine, Lost And Found, Christina Deray

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This thesis is a memoir about the lives of the matriarchs of my family: my grandmothers, Carmina and Marie, but in many other ways the memoir becomes a point of entry for a personal essay that explores the culture of authenticity in American cuisine. As a memoir, I offer a personal history of an original Italian cuisine from my very Italian family— how it was transplanted from the European “boot” to American soil, how it flourished through the lessons Carmina taught my family, and how it got transformed when it hit American. I reflect upon the appearance, after the Second ...


Coup D'État And International Trade, Brian Alan Childers May 2015

Coup D'État And International Trade, Brian Alan Childers

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


An Evaluation Of Two Approaches For Developing Keyboarding Skills In Children With Cognitive Disabilities, Linda A. Blazek May 2015

An Evaluation Of Two Approaches For Developing Keyboarding Skills In Children With Cognitive Disabilities, Linda A. Blazek

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

This study examined the efficacy of two programs designed to teach keyboarding skills to school-aged children with intellectual disabilities. The study employed a mixed methods research design utilizing the number of accurate key strokes and speed in completing a task as dependent variables in the quantitative analysis. The scores used in the analysis were derived from a teacher-designed test that consisted of a timed test with students keyboarding specific sets of letter sequences. The qualitative segment of the study consisted of focus group interviews with the participating teachers to determine the method perceived to be effective in teaching keyboarding skills ...


Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin Jan 2015

Applying Cooperative Learning To The New York State Living Environment Curriculum, James R. Franklin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

According to the National Education Association, students need to be prepared to be contributing members in global society (2012). Therefore, students need to learn how to collaborate and communicate with peers in a group. So far, competition has been prevalent in the academics of the United States (Shindler, 2009). Cooperative learning provides a teaching approach based on group success. Furthermore, there is a plethora of benefits from the use of cooperative learning in the science classroom. It promotes psychological health and high academic achievement (Johnson, Johnson & Roseth, 2010; Mesch, Johnson and Johnson, 2001). Cooperative learning is also a good approach for student ...


An Exploration Of The Wheel-Induced Feeding-Suppression, Stephen Benjamin Peckham Jan 2015

An Exploration Of The Wheel-Induced Feeding-Suppression, Stephen Benjamin Peckham

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Anorexia nervosa is an enigmatic human condition typified by food-restriction that is often accompanied by extensive exercise. This has been modeled in rats in the wheel-induced feeding-suppression (WIFS) model. In this model, animals are given access to a running-wheel, which induces a volitional drop in food-consumption. Short periods of wheel access have induced a feeding-suppression which is effectively reversed by chlorpromazine administration (Adams et al., 2009). Recent attempts at replicating Adams et al.’s (2009) feeding-suppression have, however, been unsuccessful (Peckham et al., 2013). These attempts raised questions as to whether or not the existing methodology is most effective at ...


Quality-Of-Life Indicators For African American And European American Long-Term Survivors Of Early-Stage Breast Cancer, Cher De Rossiter Jan 2015

Quality-Of-Life Indicators For African American And European American Long-Term Survivors Of Early-Stage Breast Cancer, Cher De Rossiter

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This meta-analysis investigated the difference in perceptions of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among long-term early-stage breast cancer survivors (BCS). The comparison was between African American and European American women. Initial pilot searches suggested that enough studies existed for a meaningful meta-analysis of a BCS population at least 5 years post diagnosis. Only studies using the outcome measure HRQOL were included in the study; this yielded an initial sample of 212 study reports, with 56 reports entering the coding phase of the process. African American women were grossly underrepresented in this set of studies in comparison to the overall breast ...


Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski Jan 2015

Fnirs Measures Of Prefrontal Cortex Lateralization During Stuttered And Fluency-Enhanced Speech In Adults Who Stutter, Danra M. Kazenski

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

The present study compared lateralization of cortical activation patterns in the prefrontal cortex (PFC) of adults who stutter (AWS) and typical speakers (TS) as measured with functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) in habitual and fluency-enhanced speaking conditions.

Participants were AWS (n = 11) and gender- and age-matched TS (n = 11) who completed speaking tasks in three condition blocks: (1) habitual speech using no speaking strategy (2) prolonged speech after receiving short-term training in fluency-shaping strategy-use (3) syllable-timed speech after being trained to speak in rhythm with a metronome at 92 beats per minute.

The three primary dependent variables were mean change ...


The Lived Experience Of Transgender College-Aged Students Receiving Healthcare, Lisa Schaffer Jan 2015

The Lived Experience Of Transgender College-Aged Students Receiving Healthcare, Lisa Schaffer

Graduate College Dissertations and Theses

Background

There is a relative dearth of information regarding transgender patient perceptions of healthcare provider interactions and experiences. Previous studies have examined the experiences of transgender patients across multiple generations.

Purpose

This research focuses on understanding the lived experience of transgender college-aged students receiving healthcare. The goal of this research is to help inform the practices of healthcare providers in order to improve care experiences.

Methods

Hermeneutic phenomenology was utilized to illuminate the lived experiences of three college-aged transgender patients receiving healthcare. Interviews were conducted with research participants. After transcription, interview content was read and re-read for significant statements. Significant ...


Role Conflict And Role Ambiguity As Predictors Of Burnout In Special And General Education Co-Teachers, Cassandra L. Moss Jan 2015

Role Conflict And Role Ambiguity As Predictors Of Burnout In Special And General Education Co-Teachers, Cassandra L. Moss

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Since the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act of 2004, special and general educators teach together in many classrooms. Co-teachers are subject to a variety of stressors, including role challenges for teachers who are accustomed to working independently. Research has shown that role ambiguity and role conflict are associated with burnout among special and general educators. However, no prior study has examined whether these role factors contribute to burnout among special and general educators in co-teaching roles. This study was based upon role stress theory in relation to the constructs of burnout. The sample included 72 special educators and 73 ...


Effects Of Embedded Study-Skills Instruction On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Mathematics, Alberta Diahann Banks Jan 2015

Effects Of Embedded Study-Skills Instruction On High School Students' Attitudes Toward Mathematics, Alberta Diahann Banks

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

The target school used embedded study skills in Algebra I classes to improve attitudes toward mathematics. The purpose of this sequential, explanatory mixed-methods study was to examine the effect of embedded study-skills instruction on students' attitudes toward mathematics. Metacognitive theory was used for this study's framework. Participants were 28 Grade 9 and 10 students who repeated Algebra I. Quantitative data from the Attitudes Toward Mathematics Inventory assessed students' pre- and post-instruction attitudes toward mathematics in 4 domains. Data were analyzed using 4 independent samples t tests for students who did and did not receive embedded instruction. Qualitative data were ...


Partial Inclusion Effects On Students With Special Needs In English, Jayna Michelle Jensen Jan 2015

Partial Inclusion Effects On Students With Special Needs In English, Jayna Michelle Jensen

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

A special education population failed to meet the state target in English. This occurrence drove educational leaders to review their program options to address the problem. Their decision to offer a partial inclusion English program setting is important because it supports using data to provide students a Free and Appropriate Education (FAPE) in the Least Restrictive Environment (LRE). The purpose of this study was to examine if the new setting was supported by an increase in student academic achievement scores. The theoretical framework included the social relationship model by Reindal and Gürgür and Uzuner's successful inclusion practices theory. The ...


A Case Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Summer Transition Program For First-Time Ninth Grade Students, Jonathan Wickert Jan 2015

A Case Study Of The Effectiveness Of A Summer Transition Program For First-Time Ninth Grade Students, Jonathan Wickert

Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

High schools have undertaken numerous approaches to reduce the number of first-time 9th grade students who do not move to 10th grade with their cohort. The purpose of this study was to determine if a summer program successfully transitioned 9th grade students from middle school to high school environments. Guided by the stage-environment fit conceptual framework, this study explored the effectiveness of a summer transition program at acclimating first time 9th grade students to physical, social, and academic environments. A mixed-method design was used in the study. A t test was used with a sample of approximately 400 archival 9th ...


Finite Element Analysis Of A Hydraulic Snubber With Respect To Historical Test Data And American Society Of Mechanical Engineers Requirements, Matt Palmer Jan 2015

Finite Element Analysis Of A Hydraulic Snubber With Respect To Historical Test Data And American Society Of Mechanical Engineers Requirements, Matt Palmer

Open Access Master's Theses

Hydraulic snubbers are either acceleration or velocity limiting seismic restraints designed to restrict movement of piping or equipment during dynamic events or operational transients. In a piping analysis, snubbers are modeled as linear elastic spring elements governed by Hooke’s law, F = kx. Snubbers are widely used in nuclear power plants, and as such their qualification testing to verify the spring constant k is governed by American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) codes. ASME mandates experimental determination of spring constant k where practical, or a combination of testing and analysis when not practical. This qualification test includes testing at full ...


An Exploration Of Employment Services For Survivors Of Domestic Violence In The Region Of Waterloo, Alishau Diebold Mrs. Jan 2015

An Exploration Of Employment Services For Survivors Of Domestic Violence In The Region Of Waterloo, Alishau Diebold Mrs.

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The ability of survivors of domestic violence to secure employment once they leave their vulnerable situations has been identified in the existing knowledge base as a significant issue, and one that urgently needed to be addressed. This qualitative applied social policy research study was undertaken to derive recommendations that could improve the current state of employment services available to women who had survived domestic violence residing in the Region of Waterloo. This was accomplished by determining which employment services align with the needs of a survivor as they began to seek employment. In-depth interviews were conducted to collect information from ...


The Spirit Of Haudenosaunee Youth: The Transformation Of Identity And Well-Being Through Culture-Based Activism, Bonnie M. Freeman Jan 2015

The Spirit Of Haudenosaunee Youth: The Transformation Of Identity And Well-Being Through Culture-Based Activism, Bonnie M. Freeman

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This dissertation examines the connection between Indigenous knowledge and culture-based action, and how this connection facilitates a sense of identity and well-being for Haudenosaunee youth. This study examines the experience of fourteen Haudenosaunee youth and five parents/adults as they ran for four summers (2005-2008) on a youth-led spiritual journey known as the Unity Run. On this journey youth travelled throughout Haudenosaunee traditional territory (Ontario and Quebec, Canada; and New York State, U.S.A.) and beyond (Virginia, North Carolina, Tennessee) carrying a message of peace, unity and social justice.

The methodology of this research is framed within Haudenosaunee traditional ...


The Effects Of Lampricide 3-Trifluoromethyl-4-Nitrophenol Toxicity On The Gills Of Larval Sea Lamprey And Non-Target Rainbow Trout And Lake Sturgeon, Lisa A. Sorensen Jan 2015

The Effects Of Lampricide 3-Trifluoromethyl-4-Nitrophenol Toxicity On The Gills Of Larval Sea Lamprey And Non-Target Rainbow Trout And Lake Sturgeon, Lisa A. Sorensen

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

The pesticide, 3-trifluoromethyl-4-nitrophenol (TFM), is widely used in the Great Lakes to control invasive sea lampreys (Petromyzon marinus) populations, but much about its sub-lethal effects remains unknown. A better understanding of its toxicity is needed to improve TFM effectiveness and to protect non-target organisms from its potential adverse effects. The objectives of this thesis were to test the following two hypotheses: (1) impairment of mitochondrial ATP production by TFM interferes with ATP-dependent ion-uptake by fish, leading to altered electrolyte balance, and (2) perturbations of gill function by TFM are exacerbated in soft, ion poor water (SW; 40 mg CaCO3 ...


Investigation Of Low Back And Shoulder Demand During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The Effect Of Different Compression-Ventilation Ratios, Richard Scott Dainty Jan 2015

Investigation Of Low Back And Shoulder Demand During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: The Effect Of Different Compression-Ventilation Ratios, Richard Scott Dainty

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Background: The current American Heart Association (AHA) standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is performed with a compression-ventilation ratio of 30:2 (standard CPR), meaning 30 compressions are applied to the chest followed by the administration of two breaths to the victim. Some evidence has shown that performing continuous chest compressions rather than standard CPR with breaks in chest compressions for administering breaths, may increase survival rates after cardiac arrest. Cont-CPR has been shown to be very fatiguing in nature, with a significant drop in chest compression force within the first two minutes of CPR. The purpose of this study was to ...


‘Water Is Life’: Exploring The Relationship Between Place Identity, Water And Adaptive Capacity In Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories, Canada, Jennifer A. Fresque-Baxter Jan 2015

‘Water Is Life’: Exploring The Relationship Between Place Identity, Water And Adaptive Capacity In Fort Resolution, Northwest Territories, Canada, Jennifer A. Fresque-Baxter

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

Water is recognised as a fundamental human right in Canada’s Northwest Territories (NWT). However, the current and potential effects of climate change coupled with resource development pressures are leading to concerns about maintaining the health and viability of freshwater in the NWT. These intersecting multiple exposures can have far-reaching impacts for NWT residents who rely on water for cultural, spiritual, economic and social purposes. Ongoing changes (e.g., to water quantity, water quality, weather, precipitation and ice dynamics, for example) will increasingly require NWT residents to adapt, seek ways to plan for the future, identify opportunities, and moderate the ...


A Series Of Problem Based Learning Modules To Be Used In Living Environment Classrooms, Katrina Cordeiro Dec 2014

A Series Of Problem Based Learning Modules To Be Used In Living Environment Classrooms, Katrina Cordeiro

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Abstract

Problem Based Learning (PBL) is an instructional which poses problems to students in life- like scenarios. The common feature among the many PBL models is “that it a constructivist pedagogy “ (Hill & Smith, 2005, p. 20). Research has indicated that PBL offers many advantages to learning high school science, including that students experience “the nature of authentic inquiry and the different methods of finding answers to their questions” (Chin & Chia, 2006, p. 62). Research also shows that the success of PBL is dependent on the design and the circumstances in which PBL is implemented. This project is a compilation of ...


Application Of Ce-Qual-W2 On Tigris River In Iraq, Muhanned Al-Murib Dec 2014

Application Of Ce-Qual-W2 On Tigris River In Iraq, Muhanned Al-Murib

Civil and Environmental Engineering Master's Project Reports

The Tigris River is the eastern member of the two great rivers in Iraq. Two big rivers pass through Iraq, Mesopotamia. Tigris and Euphrates Rivers with their tributaries form a major river system in the Middle East. Four riparian countries, Turkey, Syria, Iran, and Iraq, share the Tigris River basin area and Iraq has the majority of this basin area. The total length of the Tigris is 1850 km from which 1418 km is within Iraq. A study area of 880 km from Mosul dam to Kut barrage is modeled using a water quality CE-QUAL-W2 model. CE-QUAL-W2 is a two-dimensional ...


Parental Involvement And The Influence Of Parents’ Prior Literacy Experiences, Joseph Dobucki Dec 2014

Parental Involvement And The Influence Of Parents’ Prior Literacy Experiences, Joseph Dobucki

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines parents’ prior literacy experiences and how those experiences influence their involvement with literacy activities at home. The data for this study were collected through interviewing parents who had children in my kindergarten classroom. After analyzing the data, multiple themes were identified, which includes positive literacy experiences may be provided by adults other than parents, parental involvement takes on many forms, and the importance of teachers and parents to establish relationships to support student literacy learning. The conclusion of this study is that parents’ prior literacy experiences have a direct influence on their involvement with their children. This ...


The Christian As Witness In View Of The True Witness, Emily Patricia Wilton Dec 2014

The Christian As Witness In View Of The True Witness, Emily Patricia Wilton

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This thesis examines Karl Barth’s understanding of what it means for Christian individuals to be witnesses of Jesus Christ. By analyzing the structure of Barth’s doctrine of reconciliation, with attention to his view of Jesus Christ as mediator, the thesis establishes the christological context of Barth’s concept of witness. The thesis demonstrates how Barth arrives at the conclusion that witness is central to the definition of Christian existence and identifies key features of Barth’s view of witness, namely, its theocentrism, its basis in ontology, and its enactment in human history. The thesis engages secondary scholarship in ...


Teacher Beliefs And Practices In Designing And Implementing Problem Based Learning In The Secondary Mathematics Classroom: A Case Study, Umamaheswari Subramanian Dec 2014

Teacher Beliefs And Practices In Designing And Implementing Problem Based Learning In The Secondary Mathematics Classroom: A Case Study, Umamaheswari Subramanian

Middle and Secondary Education Dissertations

Problem-based learning (PBL), an instructional approach anchored in the framework of the learning theory “constructivism,” is a shift toward student-centered learning; students build content knowledge and problem-solving skills by solving real world problems (Hmelo-Silver, 2004; Savery, 2006; Stepien & Gallagher, 1993). Most of the existing literature on PBL comes from the higher education setting. However, researchers (Hmelo-Silver, 2004; Maxwell, Mergendoller, & Bellisimo, 2005; Ravitz, 2009; Savery, 2006; Strobel & van Barneveld, 2009) have stressed the need for more PBL research that examines its effectiveness in the K through 12 classrooms. The purpose of this dissertation study was to examine the factors affecting teachers’ design and implementation of PBL in the high school mathematics classroom after a prolonged engagement in a professional learning on PBL ...