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The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand Aug 2015

The Use Of Argumentation In Socio-Scientific Issues: Enhancing Evolutionary Biology Instruction, Heath R. Marchand

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With the adoption of the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS), further emphasis in science education is being placed on preparing students to become more informed voters regarding social, ethical, economic and political topics that affect contemporary society. Parallel to this shift is a stronger emphasis on integrating evolutionary theory as a unifying concept in the biological sciences. Given that evolution is one of the aforementioned topics commonly discussed and debated about in social and political arenas, ensuring that instruction provides students from all backgrounds a comprehensive understanding of its principals is becoming increasingly important in contemporary science education. Chapter II ...


Importance Of Medical Informatics In Medical Students' Curricula In Saudi Arabia, Jwaher Abdullah Almulhem Aug 2015

Importance Of Medical Informatics In Medical Students' Curricula In Saudi Arabia, Jwaher Abdullah Almulhem

Theses and Dissertations

The main purpose of this research project is to determine the importance of Medical Informatics (MI) course inclusion in the curriculum studied by medical students in Saudi Arabia. The healthcare environment has changed dramatically since last few decades. It has become an information- intensive environment and has shifted its focus on technological applications. As a result of such a shift in focus, efforts should be made that future healthcare professionals be prepared for such an environment through MI. This research project aims to determine the acceptance of MI applications by medical students. The study will compare the acceptability of MI ...


Investigating The Use Of A Positive Variation Of The Good Behavior Game In A High School Setting, Shauna Lynne Aug 2015

Investigating The Use Of A Positive Variation Of The Good Behavior Game In A High School Setting, Shauna Lynne

Master's Theses

The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is an example of an interdependent group contingency that can be used in classrooms to manage behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of a positive variation of the GBG in which teachers attend to rule-following behavior, as opposed to the original version of the game in which teachers attend to rule-breaking behavior. In previous studies, researchers have demonstrated the effectiveness of the GBG in decreasing problematic behavior and/or increasing productive or desired behavior in classroom settings and in hospital settings and spanning preschool-aged, elementary toddlers to high school-aged adolescents ...


The Italian Immigrants’ Assimilation Into American Culture And The Subsequent Impact On Food, Language And Last Names, Joseph S. Pechie May 2015

The Italian Immigrants’ Assimilation Into American Culture And The Subsequent Impact On Food, Language And Last Names, Joseph S. Pechie

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The objective of this study is to examine the assimilation process of first, second, and third, generation Italian-Americans had on three facets of their culture’s everyday life, specifically: food, language, and last names. As Italians immigrated and assimilated into America, so did their culture and native traditions. Over time, the Italian culture has turned into a staple of American life and can be seen integrated into communities across the United States. A culture originally the subject of mockery, ridicule, and discrimination, the Italian culture endured decades, and generations, of change to become praised and appreciated. Although aspects of all ...


Acute Effects Of Self-Myofascial Release And Static Stretching On Shoulder Range Of Motion And Performance In Overhead Athletes With Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit, Ryan R. Fairall May 2015

Acute Effects Of Self-Myofascial Release And Static Stretching On Shoulder Range Of Motion And Performance In Overhead Athletes With Glenohumeral Internal Rotation Deficit, Ryan R. Fairall

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the acute effects of a) self-myofascial release (SMR), b) static stretching (SS), and c) the combination of self-myofascial release and static stretching (SMR+SS) on glenohumeral internal rotation range of motion and markers of shoulder performance (i.e. glenohumeral external rotation isometric strength, motor unit recruitment, and throwing velocity) in male softball players with glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD).

Methods: The sample consisted of 12 male amateur softball players (age: 36.92 ±11.17 years; height: 177.42 ±6.30cm; mass: 87.58 ±18.39kg) who exhibited ≥20° less internal rotation ...


Factors Contributing To Registered Nurse Job Satisfaction In The Nursing Home, Michael Shipley May 2015

Factors Contributing To Registered Nurse Job Satisfaction In The Nursing Home, Michael Shipley

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Over the next several years the aging population will increase the number of patients suffering from chronic illness. A sicker aging population, coupled with changes in healthcare reimbursement will require nursing homes to admit sicker patients for shorter lengths of stays. To meet the needs of the increased number of chronic patients and those patients with higher acuities, nursing homes will require more skilled, registered nurses. Registered nurses (RNs) are the linchpin to providing high-quality care in the healthcare environment and especially in nursing homes.

Understanding the factors of RN job satisfaction in the nursing home is important in increasing ...


Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, Jennerpher Renee Meyers May 2015

Gal: A Stepwise Model For Automated Cloud Shadow Detection In Hico Oceanic Imagery Utilizing Guided Filter, Pixel Assignment, And Geometric Linking, Jennerpher Renee Meyers

Dissertations

Detection of cloud shadow pixels is an important step in image processing in several remote sensing ocean-color application domains, such as obtaining chlorophyll content. While shadow detection algorithms do exist, the vast majority are for over land which leaves few options for detection over water.

The detection of cloud shadow over water in HICO imagery is a unique problem. As its name implies, HICO (Hyperspectral Imager for the Coastal Ocean) imagery is produced for coastal and oceanic regions. Since land based algorithms remove water before processing, these approaches would not be applicable. The only currently published HICO shadow pixel detection ...


Dual-Interval Spaces: Interrelations Between Interval Classes 1 And 5, Local Pitch Centers And Form In Dmitri Shostakovich's Piano Sonata No. 1, Op. 12, Tae Young Hong May 2015

Dual-Interval Spaces: Interrelations Between Interval Classes 1 And 5, Local Pitch Centers And Form In Dmitri Shostakovich's Piano Sonata No. 1, Op. 12, Tae Young Hong

Master's Theses

Dmitri Shostakovich’s Piano Sonata No. 1, written in 1926, is one of his most complex and lengthy works for piano. In contrast to the conservative style used in his critically-acclaimed Symphony No. 1, Op. 10, composed a year earlier, the sonata employs a highly modernistic idiom which predominated the composer’s output in the late 1920’s. The musical surface of the sonata was crafted by an extensive use of interval classes 1 and 5 which serve as the primary means of structuring pitch material.

This paper examines the surface combinations of two interval classes as well as their ...


Perceived Attributes And Factors Influencing Instructors’ Using E-Textbooks In Higher Education, Sirui Wang May 2015

Perceived Attributes And Factors Influencing Instructors’ Using E-Textbooks In Higher Education, Sirui Wang

Dissertations

As digital content, e-Textbooks display text on the screen, integrate multimedia within textual components, and allow reading on portable devices; which make learning highly interactive, flexible, and immediately accessible, increase students’ engagements in learning, and make learning content portable, transferrable, and searchable. Those advanced features did not bring prosperity in using e-Textbooks in education. The adoption of using e-Textbooks in higher education is still far from its confirmation stage. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the perceived attributes of using e-Textbooks by instructors and their actual use of e-Textbooks in higher educational settings, to discuss ...


A Study In How Linking Social Capital Functions In Community Development, Julie Burress Jordan May 2015

A Study In How Linking Social Capital Functions In Community Development, Julie Burress Jordan

Dissertations

This qualitative dissertation explores how linking social capital is mobilized in community development and proposes an analytical framework for studying linking social capital relationships unique from bonding and bridging social capital. Linking social capital defines those relationships that are acting to bridge individuals across institutional boundaries and can be particularly important in rural, less developed regions. Although not frequently used in empirical studies, linking capital is typically measured by counting membership in external groups or associations. This study revealed the most direct benefit from linking social capital was financial support from intermediary agencies. Additionally, linking social capital has indirect community ...


Mechanochemical Investigation Of A Glassy Epoxy-Amine Thermoset Subjected To Fatigue, Stephen F. Foster Mr. May 2015

Mechanochemical Investigation Of A Glassy Epoxy-Amine Thermoset Subjected To Fatigue, Stephen F. Foster Mr.

Dissertations

Covalent bonds in organic molecules can be produced, altered, and broken through various sources of energy and processes. These include photochemical, thermochemical, chemical, and mechanochemical processes. Polymeric materials derive their physical properties from the time scale of motion, summation of intermolecular forces, and number of chain entanglements and crosslinks. Glassy thermoset polymers experience mechanical fatigue during dynamic stress loading and properties diminish with inevitable material failure at stress levels below the ultimate tensile strength (UTS). Damage modeling has been successful in predicting the number of cycles required to induce failure in a specimen due to stress. However, it does not ...


A Mixed Method Study Of The Effectiveness Of Gaining Early Awareness And Readiness For Undergraduate Programs (Gear Up) Federal Incentive Program In Southern Mississippi Public Secondary Schools, David M. Maxwell May 2015

A Mixed Method Study Of The Effectiveness Of Gaining Early Awareness And Readiness For Undergraduate Programs (Gear Up) Federal Incentive Program In Southern Mississippi Public Secondary Schools, David M. Maxwell

Dissertations

The Gaining Early Awareness for Undergraduate Programs (GEAR UP) incentive program has been in place since the late 1990s nationally. This grant, which covers a time span of six years and offers up to eighteen million dollars in federal funds, is designed to increase college readiness and decrease dropout rate among high school students. This study examines the effectiveness of this grant in southern Mississippi for the graduating class of 2014. Utilizing both quantitative and qualitative methods to determine the effectiveness of this grant, this study draws some conclusions and recommendations for this incentive program.


Physical Disability And Suicidal Desire: An Examination Of The Constructs Of The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory Of Suicide, Lauren R. Khazem May 2015

Physical Disability And Suicidal Desire: An Examination Of The Constructs Of The Interpersonal-Psychological Theory Of Suicide, Lauren R. Khazem

Master's Theses

The primary aims of this study were to examine constructs of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide (IPTS) in an understudied population. Differences in levels of IPTS variables and suicidal ideation between university students with and without physical disabilities were examined. Participants were 184 students from two Southern universities who provided answers to online-based self-report questionnaires. It was hypothesized that students with physical disabilities would endorse higher levels of all IPTS constructs relative to students without physical disabilities. It was further hypothesized that disability status would exhibit an indirect effect on suicidal ideation through perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. Results indicated ...


Promoting Hope And Resilience In Parkinson’S Disease, Emily R. Brunner May 2015

Promoting Hope And Resilience In Parkinson’S Disease, Emily R. Brunner

Master of Social Work Clinical Research Papers

The purpose of this project was to explore how or if social workers promote hope and resiliency in individuals’ with Parkinson’s disease. Using a qualitative design, eight licensed social workers throughout the United States, with between two to thirty years of experience working with individuals suffering from Parkinson’s disease. The participants reflected on their experiences and observations of hope and resiliency in individuals with Parkinson’s disease. The researcher analyzed data by looking for themes and commonalties between the participant responses during the interviews. The interviews were transcribed and linked to previous related literature. The findings indicated that ...


A Failed Dream: Literacy Education In The Global South, Allison Haley Gose May 2015

A Failed Dream: Literacy Education In The Global South, Allison Haley Gose

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


International Power Relations And State Collapse: The Ephemeral State Of Sovereignty In The Modern World Order, Christopher Allen Reese May 2015

International Power Relations And State Collapse: The Ephemeral State Of Sovereignty In The Modern World Order, Christopher Allen Reese

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Behind The Meatball: A Reflection On Italian Cuisine, Lost And Found, Christina Deray May 2015

Behind The Meatball: A Reflection On Italian Cuisine, Lost And Found, Christina Deray

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

This thesis is a memoir about the lives of the matriarchs of my family: my grandmothers, Carmina and Marie, but in many other ways the memoir becomes a point of entry for a personal essay that explores the culture of authenticity in American cuisine. As a memoir, I offer a personal history of an original Italian cuisine from my very Italian family— how it was transplanted from the European “boot” to American soil, how it flourished through the lessons Carmina taught my family, and how it got transformed when it hit American. I reflect upon the appearance, after the Second ...


Coup D'État And International Trade, Brian Alan Childers May 2015

Coup D'État And International Trade, Brian Alan Childers

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Rendering And Compositing For Visual Effects, Jensen Abler May 2015

Rendering And Compositing For Visual Effects, Jensen Abler

Undergraduate Honors Theses

The methods used to create visual effects for feature film production are quickly evolving. Cutting edge techniques are constantly being improved upon, and the capability to solve unique problems is paramount in real world production. I present a creative project which utilizes novel applications of common techniques, such as projection mapping, multi-tile UV workflows, procedural texture generation, normal mapping, and image based lighting.


An Evaluation Of Two Approaches For Developing Keyboarding Skills In Children With Cognitive Disabilities, Linda A. Blazek May 2015

An Evaluation Of Two Approaches For Developing Keyboarding Skills In Children With Cognitive Disabilities, Linda A. Blazek

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

This study examined the efficacy of two programs designed to teach keyboarding skills to school-aged children with intellectual disabilities. The study employed a mixed methods research design utilizing the number of accurate key strokes and speed in completing a task as dependent variables in the quantitative analysis. The scores used in the analysis were derived from a teacher-designed test that consisted of a timed test with students keyboarding specific sets of letter sequences. The qualitative segment of the study consisted of focus group interviews with the participating teachers to determine the method perceived to be effective in teaching keyboarding skills ...


Identifying Temporal Differences In Vibration Receptor Activation In The Sand Fiddler Crab, Uca Pugilator, Andre' Matthew Agassi May 2015

Identifying Temporal Differences In Vibration Receptor Activation In The Sand Fiddler Crab, Uca Pugilator, Andre' Matthew Agassi

University of Tennessee Honors Thesis Projects

No abstract provided.


Factors That Contribute To Student Achievement: A Case Study Of One High School, David E. Hale May 2015

Factors That Contribute To Student Achievement: A Case Study Of One High School, David E. Hale

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to determine if there were definable factors, which contributed to or impacted the ACT scores, end of course test scores or grade point averages of groups of high school students who possessed those factors. The hypothesis that this study adopted was that there were definable factors that created barriers to success for students. It was hypothesized that when these negative factors were identified and when students were grouped according to the factors that they possessed, differences in the success these groups achieved, with regard to ACT scores, end of course test scores, and ...


Going Where Students Are: Comparing Faculty And Student Uses And Perceptions Of Social Networking In Higher Education, Janethia Michelle Caldwell May 2015

Going Where Students Are: Comparing Faculty And Student Uses And Perceptions Of Social Networking In Higher Education, Janethia Michelle Caldwell

Masters Theses and Doctoral Dissertations

Often in education, the phrase “meet students where they are” is used as an approach to meet ever-changing needs of students. As the popularity of social networking increases, specifically among college students, the question arises: should colleges and universities utilize social networking sites (SNS) as a supplemental educational tool? This study explored this question by using survey items based on Rogers’ (2003) Diffusion of Innovation attributes to compare faculty and students’ current rate of adoption of using SNSs and their perceptions of the advantages and disadvantages of using them as tools to enhance teaching and learning. The population consisted of ...


Psappha By Iannis Xenakis: Developing Multiple Percussion Literacy, Owen Phillip Rockwell May 2015

Psappha By Iannis Xenakis: Developing Multiple Percussion Literacy, Owen Phillip Rockwell

Dissertations

Psappha by Iannis Xenakis was written for a solo percussionist in 1975, and since then has been performed almost exclusively by elite musicians. The work suffers from broad neglect by students and professionals alike, because the structure and notation are difficult to access. Through Psappha, Xenakis created an alternative approach to serialist and chance compositional techniques that enabled him to communicate what he believed was rhythm in its purest form. The notation is unconventional and challenges the performer to approach Psappha in a similar manner. The main thrust of this project was to re-imagine the work in a more traditional ...


Utilizing Problem-Based Learning Activities In Science With Students With Disabilities, Sarah E. Lenhard Apr 2015

Utilizing Problem-Based Learning Activities In Science With Students With Disabilities, Sarah E. Lenhard

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Today, science teachers are faced with a challenge: to provide an authentic and engaging science curriculum to an increasingly diverse population of students including students with disabilities. Furthermore, the challenge is compounded when teachers are asked to incorporate the new Common Core Learning Standards into their science curriculum. Because of these challenges science teachers may struggle to provide an authentic and engaging science curriculum and ultimately may find themselves resorting to lectures and “cookie cutter” lab activities. This thesis will offer support through the use of strategies and scaffolds to general and special education teachers who teach or consult in ...


An Extensible Technology Framework For Cyber Security Education, Frank Jordan Sheen Apr 2015

An Extensible Technology Framework For Cyber Security Education, Frank Jordan Sheen

All Theses and Dissertations

Cyber security education has evolved over the last decade to include new methods of teaching and technology to prepare students. Instructors in this field of study often deal with a subject matter that has rigid principles, but changing ways of applying those principles. This makes maintaining courses difficult. This case study explored the kind of teaching methods, technology, and means used to explain these concepts. This study shows that generally, cyber security courses require more time to keep up to date. It also evaluates one effort, the NxSecLab, on how it attempted to relieve the administrative issues in teaching these ...


Authentication Melee: A Usability Analysis Of Seven Web Authentication Systems, Scott Ruoti Apr 2015

Authentication Melee: A Usability Analysis Of Seven Web Authentication Systems, Scott Ruoti

All Theses and Dissertations

Passwords continue to dominate the authentication landscape in spite of numerous proposals to replace them. Even though usability is a key factor in replacing passwords, very few alternatives have been subjected to formal usability studies and even fewer have been analyzed using a standard metric. We report the results of four within-subjects usability studies for seven web authentication systems. These systems span federated, smartphone, paper tokens, and email-based approaches. Our results indicate that participants prefer single sign-on systems. We utilize the Systems Usability Scale (SUS) as a standard metric for empirical analysis and find that it produces reliable, replicable results ...


Current Practices: Pre-Admission Assessment Of American Sign Language And English Language Competency In Interpreter Education Programs, Cari A. Carter Feb 2015

Current Practices: Pre-Admission Assessment Of American Sign Language And English Language Competency In Interpreter Education Programs, Cari A. Carter

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to ascertain what, if any, assessments of American Sign Language (ASL) and English language competency are currently used for admission to interpreter education programs (IEP). Research consisted of a mixed methodology discovery study conducted over two phases. Each phase sought to expound upon and clarify all facets of the pre-admission assessment process. Phase I, conducted through a nationwide survey was designed to discover what interpreter education programs are currently using—pre-admission—to assess ASL and English language competency. Information was collected about the presence of any pre-admission ASL and English language competency assessments as ...


Chemical And Biological Characterization Of Plant Volatiles And Pyrolysis Bio-Oils, Luis A. Caceres Feb 2015

Chemical And Biological Characterization Of Plant Volatiles And Pyrolysis Bio-Oils, Luis A. Caceres

University of Western Ontario - Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

A dynamic headspace method was developed for the non-targeted analysis of volatile organic compounds (VOC) in Arabidopsis and Micro-Tom plants. The method allowed to determine differences from wild type (WT) and transformed plants overexpressing the carotene cleavage dioxygenase 1 (CCD1) genes. In the Arabidopsis study it was revealed the presence of unsaturated hydrocarbons, aromatic derivatives, alcohols, and terpenes. Among extracted volatiles, the apocarotenoid compound β-ionone was also detected, four-fold higher in the transgenic plants than the WT. There were not significant differences in the VOCs between the HS of Micro-Tom tomato plants overexpressing the CCD1 genes and WT. The compounds ...


Creating Pathways For High School Students To Bhcc, Sharon M. Caulfield Feb 2015

Creating Pathways For High School Students To Bhcc, Sharon M. Caulfield

CCLA Capstone Projects

Nursing, without a doubt, is one of the most popular programs at the community colleges today. If predictions are correct, there will be shortages in this field approaching a possible crisis situation. While community colleges educate 60% ofthe registered nurses and 63% of the allied health workers, it is not enough. Our colleges are faced with faculty shortages, a lack of clinical training sites, skyrocketing programs costs, regulations and compliances that they must fulfill, and to top all of this, students enroll at rates far exceeding their ability to accommodate. And, a group of people seemingly standing on the outside ...