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University of Wollongong

2006

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Understanding Travel Behavior Using Demographic And Socioeconomic Variables As Travel Constraints, Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong Jan 2006

Understanding Travel Behavior Using Demographic And Socioeconomic Variables As Travel Constraints, Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Samdahl and Jekubovich (1997) view constraints as a subset of reasons for not engaging in a particular behavior. There is limited empirical research on the role of demographic and socioeconomic variables as travel constraints. This study investigates the relationships between a wide range of short and long trip planning and travel behaviors and sociodemographic constraints comprised of age, income and life cycle.This research uses data generated from a cross-sectional, self-completed survey on travel and tourism which was collected during 2003 and 2004 from 49,105 Australian respondents. This paper utilizes binomial regression to find that age, income and life ...


Investing In The Inter-Organisational Domain, Gordon Boyce, Stuart Macintyre, Simon Ville Jan 2006

Investing In The Inter-Organisational Domain, Gordon Boyce, Stuart Macintyre, Simon Ville

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Oranisations communicate with one another in many different ways and for a variety of reasons. Markets especially business, and the price signals that underpin them, require organisations to communicate regularly.


Fufair: A Fuzzy Farsi Information Retrieval System, A. Nayyeri, Farhad Oroumchian Jan 2006

Fufair: A Fuzzy Farsi Information Retrieval System, A. Nayyeri, Farhad Oroumchian

University of Wollongong in Dubai - Papers

Persian (Farsi) is one of the languages of Middle East. There are significant amount of Persian documents available in digital form and even more are created every day. Therefore, there is a necessity to implement Information Retrieval System with high precision for this language. This paper discusses the design, implementation and testing of a Fuzzy retrieval system for Persian called FuFaIR. This system also supports Fuzzy quantifiers in its query language. Tests have been conducted using a standard Persian test corpus called Hamshari. The performance results obtained from FuFaIR are positive and they indicate that the FuFaIR could notably outperform ...


Teachers’ Conceptions Of Teaching At A Gulf University: A Starting Point For Revising A Teacher Development Program, L. Smith Jan 2006

Teachers’ Conceptions Of Teaching At A Gulf University: A Starting Point For Revising A Teacher Development Program, L. Smith

University of Wollongong in Dubai - Papers

As universities are increasingly attracting students from a wider range of cultural and ethnic backgrounds, one of the challenges faced by educational developers is preparing academics to teach in a cross-cultural environment. In order to do this, teacher development programs often need to be adapted and up-dated. A widely-recognised starting point in this process is the examination of teachers’ conceptions of teaching. This paper presents a small-scale, qualitative study which looks at the conceptions of teaching held by lecturers from different ethnic and educational backgrounds at a multicultural university in the United Arab Emirates. The university in question is a ...


The Tax Offset For Entrepreneurs: A Critical Review Of The 25% Tax Offset Concession For Small Business, John Mclaren Jan 2006

The Tax Offset For Entrepreneurs: A Critical Review Of The 25% Tax Offset Concession For Small Business, John Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers

From 1 July 2005, small business taxpayers using the Simplified Tax System and with a turnover of $50,000 or less are allowed a tax offset of 25 per cent on their tax payable. If turnover exceeds $50,000, the tax offset phases out at 1 per cent until the turnover reaches $75,000. This tax concession was part of the government's election statement made on 26 September 2004 in which the government stated that it wanted to assist and encourage small business entrepreneurs, particularly those set up from home. The steps involved in calculating the amount of tax ...


Should The International Income Of An Australian Resident Be Taxed On A Worldwide Or Territorial Basis?, John Mclaren Jan 2006

Should The International Income Of An Australian Resident Be Taxed On A Worldwide Or Territorial Basis?, John Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers

Many countries impose income tax on the worldwide income of their residents or citizens. This is the case in Australia where 'Australian residents for tax purposes' must pay income tax on their worldwide income including statutory income such as capital gains and dividends. If the government of a country adopts a 'worldwide' basis for imposing income tax on its residents then the existence of tax havens and offshore financial centres becomes an important issue because income from passive investments may not be disclosed and subsequently taxed in Australia. The Australian Government has recently funded 'Operation Wickenby', in an attempt to ...


Customer Relationship Orientation - Evolutionary Link Between Market Orientation And Customer Relationship Management, Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan Jan 2006

Customer Relationship Orientation - Evolutionary Link Between Market Orientation And Customer Relationship Management, Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan

University of Wollongong in Dubai - Papers

Market Orientation continues to evolve and this paper re-visits the concept. Using 20 cases across two countries and many industries, this paper finds that market orientation (MO) is actually a measure of the organizations ability to maintain, develop and build a relationship with its customer base. A surprising finding is that MO actually depends on the emphasis an organization gives to its past, present and future customer bases. Organizations that fail to reap the benefits of MO do so because they have not embraced MO at the right level. This paper encourages practitioners to identify those factors that contribute to ...


A System Of Operations On Sliding Windows, Anita Dani, Janusz Getta Jan 2006

A System Of Operations On Sliding Windows, Anita Dani, Janusz Getta

University of Wollongong in Dubai - Papers

One of the distinguishing characteristics of a data stream system is 'a continuous query operating on dynamic data' as opposed to 'static data processed by instantaneous query' in DBMS. In this paper, we propose a system of operators to process a continuous query on sliding windows over streaming data. We use the pre-defined notion of sliding windows over a data stream and provide an abstraction for a system of operations that supports evaluation of a continuous query on sliding windows. The model consists of a basic data window, a set of transition operations, a set of processing operations and the ...


Ranking Australian Economics Departments By Research Productivity, F. V. Neri, Joan R. Rodgers Jan 2006

Ranking Australian Economics Departments By Research Productivity, F. V. Neri, Joan R. Rodgers

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This study ranks Australian economics departments according to their average research productivity during 1998-2002. The highest ranked departments are those at ANU, JCU, Melbourne, Tasmania and UWA. We also rank departments according to the variability of research productivity among their members, the assumption being that, other things being equal, the less variable is productivity within a department, the better. Research productivity is found to be highly skewed within all departments. However, in general, research productivity is more (less) evenly distributed within those departments that have relatively high (low) average research productivity.


The Slope Line Code For Digital Communication Systems, Abdullatif Glass, Nidhal Abdulaziz, Eesa Bastaki Jan 2006

The Slope Line Code For Digital Communication Systems, Abdullatif Glass, Nidhal Abdulaziz, Eesa Bastaki

University of Wollongong in Dubai - Papers

A novel slope line code for data transmission and storage on digital communication systems has been proposed. The new line code operates on the principle of slope coding. The slope encoder transmits alternative slopes (stair-step-like pulses) for the transmission of the 1s and 0s of the input binary data. The decoder detects the received signal using correlative slope technique in order to extract the transmitted binary 1s and 0s from the incoming symbols. The encoder and decoder operation were described. The encoder circuit is designed and simulated using MultiSim software. The results show a thorough match with the theory. The ...


Whether The Weather: A Comprehensive Assessment Of Climate Effects In The Australian Stock Market, A. C. Worthington Jan 2006

Whether The Weather: A Comprehensive Assessment Of Climate Effects In The Australian Stock Market, A. C. Worthington

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The paper examines the impact of weather-related moods and feelings on the Australian stock market over the period 1958 to 2005. Eleven daily weather elements (precipitation, evaporation, relative humidity, maximum and minimum temperature, average daytime temperature, hours of bright sunshine, and the speed and direction of the maximum wind gust and the average daytime wind) are included in the analysis, along with daily nominal and real market returns. Non-parametric correlation analysis and autoregressive moving average (ARMA) models are employed, supplying strong evidence of sustained inertia and overreaction in market returns, and non-normally distributed, highly interrelated, but stationary, weather conditions. But ...


Gold Investment As An Inflationary Hedge: Cointegration Evidence With Allowance For Endogenous Structural Breaks, A. C. Worthington, Mosayeb Pahlavani Jan 2006

Gold Investment As An Inflationary Hedge: Cointegration Evidence With Allowance For Endogenous Structural Breaks, A. C. Worthington, Mosayeb Pahlavani

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This note tests for the presence of a stable long-run relationship between the monthly price of gold and inflation in the United States from 1945 to 2006 and from 1973 to 2006. Since both the price of gold and the consumer price index have been subject to structural change over time, a novel unit root testing procedure is employed which allows for the timing of significant breaks to be estimated, rather than assumed exogenous. After taking these endogenously determined structural breaks into account, a modified cointegration approach provides strong evidence of a cointegrating relationship between gold and inflation in both ...


Modelling The Usage And Understanding Of Financial Products: An Empirical Analysis Of Australian Owner-Occupied And Investor Mortgages, A. C. Worthington Jan 2006

Modelling The Usage And Understanding Of Financial Products: An Empirical Analysis Of Australian Owner-Occupied And Investor Mortgages, A. C. Worthington

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Binary logit models are used to predict usage and understanding of owner-occupied and investor mortgages on the basis of demographic, socioeconomic and financial characteristics. The data is drawn from the 2003 ANZ Survey of Adult Financial Literacy in Australia and relates to 3,548 respondents. Factors examined include financial literacy, gender, age, ethnicity, occupation, educational level and family structure, along with household income, savings and debt. Understanding is defined in terms of knowledge of mortgage rates, fees and charges and familiarity with key mortgage terms. The results indicate that being middle-aged or a couple with children increases the likelihood of ...


Mobile Information Access And Diffusion In Ambulatory Care Service Settings, Jason P. Sargent, Peter W. Eklund, Amanda Ryan, Lois Burgess, Joan Cooper, Carole Alcock, Damien Ryan Jan 2006

Mobile Information Access And Diffusion In Ambulatory Care Service Settings, Jason P. Sargent, Peter W. Eklund, Amanda Ryan, Lois Burgess, Joan Cooper, Carole Alcock, Damien Ryan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Clinical information systems for Ambulatory Care are predominantly paper-based. This paper represents a preliminary overview (work-in-progress) of the electronic Point of Care (ePOC) Personal Digital Assistant Project- a mobile e-Health research and development project and the intrinsic considerations which arise when designing alternative electronic patient data management systems tailored to Ambulatory Care. Its purpose is to address issues which allow technological enablement of electronic patient data management in the delivery of home-based medical care. We present the methodological considerations for document management within this e-Health setting and proposed rollout of an electronic Point-Of-Care (ePOC) system. While the replacement of more ...


Towards An Organizational Model Of Occupational Health And Safety Management: A Review Of The Literature, Michael Zanko, Scott Burrows Jan 2006

Towards An Organizational Model Of Occupational Health And Safety Management: A Review Of The Literature, Michael Zanko, Scott Burrows

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

The enormous, tragic and largely unnoticed problem of workplace injuries and deaths continues to beset countries around the globe. Tripartite regulatory approaches to address the issues involved often place primary responsibility on employers’ management of health and safety (OHS) at the workplace. This paper seeks to ascertain how OHS management at the organizational level has been treated in the research literature.

A review of thirteen leading management journals from 1994 to 2005 was conspicuous by the absence of interest in OHS management as the subject or field of study. An examination of six leading HRM journals over the same timeframe ...


Embedding Social Processes Into Agent-Oriented Conceptual Models, Rodney J. Clarke, Aneesh Krishna Jan 2006

Embedding Social Processes Into Agent-Oriented Conceptual Models, Rodney J. Clarke, Aneesh Krishna

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes how theories and methods for determining structural and functional patterns of communication in organisational settings can be applied to developing Agent-Oriented Conceptual Modelling, In particular we show how social processes in the form of genres- routine patterns of communication-can be embedded into Strategic Dependency diagrams used in the i* Framework. The research uses an entirely unforeseen relationship between communication theory in organisations and agent-based systems promoting agent based models that are easier to verify, more robust and portable. An example of this kind of conceptual modelling is provided and used as the basis for deriving a partial ...


Communication And Conflict Between Marketing And R&D During New Product Development Projects, Graham R. Massey, Elias Kyriazis Jan 2006

Communication And Conflict Between Marketing And R&D During New Product Development Projects, Graham R. Massey, Elias Kyriazis

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Effective cross-functional working relationships (CFRs) between Marketing Managers and R&D Managers are a key factor in successful new product development (NPD). Empirical evidence suggests however, that this CFR is often problematic. This article adds to our knowledge about Marketing/R&D CFRs during NPD by examining the effects of three forms of communication (communication frequency, bidirectionality, and quality) on two forms of conflict (dysfunctional and functional conflict). A hypothesised model of Marketing/R&D CFRs is tested using a sample of 184 NPD projects conducted in Australia, using R&D Managers as key respondents reporting on their relationships with ...


Implementation Of An Integrated Accounting And Cost Management System Using Sap System: A Field Study, Sudhir C. Lodh, Michael J. Gaffikin Jan 2006

Implementation Of An Integrated Accounting And Cost Management System Using Sap System: A Field Study, Sudhir C. Lodh, Michael J. Gaffikin

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Not only are in-depth (theoretically informed) longitudinal (reflexive) field studies few and far between, it has been argued in those studies that little is known about the design and implementation of accounting and information systems that operate in today's world-class organizations. Using such an approach this study seeks to illustrate and analyse the implementation processes of an integrated accounting and cost management system using the SAP system at a major steel producer in Australia. It is demonstrated that the technical design of the system is only a part of the implementation process. Keeping 'actor-networks' in line and managing change ...


Pragmatically Understanding Stakeholder Relationships And Action, Sally Davenport, Shirley R. Leitch Jan 2006

Pragmatically Understanding Stakeholder Relationships And Action, Sally Davenport, Shirley R. Leitch

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Stakeholder research attempts to address the role and impact of stakeholder relationships in organizational life. Stakeholders act in response to an issue that arises in the relationship with the organization. Using the example of Bioreg, an organization that manages approvals for genetically modified organisms, we explore the role of the impact of an issue on stakeholder mobilization. Organizations are, in general, more adept at dealing with the 'rational' interest-based actions of stakeholders but are not well equipped for responding to identity-based stakeholder responses, yet the threshold for identity-based mobilization is lower than that for interest-based action. Based on the Issue-Impact-Action ...


Taking Care Of (E)-Business? Australian It Professionals' Views Of Wireless Network Vulnerability Assessments, Keir Dyce, Mary Barrett Jan 2006

Taking Care Of (E)-Business? Australian It Professionals' Views Of Wireless Network Vulnerability Assessments, Keir Dyce, Mary Barrett

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

M-commerce, a growing sub-category of E-business, allows business to be done 'anywhere, anytime'. However security of wireless devices remains problematic. It is unclear whether protocols to alleviate security problems, such as wireless vulnerability assessments (WNVAs), are being used or are effective. The paper reports on a survey-based study of Australian computer security professionals' use of and opinions about two types of WNVA: wireless monitoring and penetration testing. An initially surprising finding was how little both types are used, despite the ease with which wireless networks can be attacked and the fact that penetration testing is fairly well understood. In the ...


The Play Of Power And Politics In Innovation And Hrm, Michael Zanko, Richard Badham, Paul Couchman, Maren Schubert Jan 2006

The Play Of Power And Politics In Innovation And Hrm, Michael Zanko, Richard Badham, Paul Couchman, Maren Schubert

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper analyses the human resource management (HRM) practices involved in the implementation of a process innovation approach to product development (concurrent engineering (CE)) in the Australian subsidiary of a multinational firm engaged in military defence electronics. According to the research literature, almost all aspects of managing product development under a CE approach are linked to people management. Yet in this particular case, other than project team structure, the prescriptive HRM dimensions of CE were conspicuously absent in the implementation process. This absence is explained by the play of power and politics involving stakeholders analysed over an 18 month period ...


Corporate Social Responsibility In The Wake Of The Asian Tsunami: An Empirical Study, Mario Fernando Jan 2006

Corporate Social Responsibility In The Wake Of The Asian Tsunami: An Empirical Study, Mario Fernando

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper provides input on how the leaders of two leading Sri Lankan private sector organisations engaged in CSR initiatives during the first 11-months after the Asian tsunami. Amidst stakeholders’ overwhelming outpouring of spontaneity to engage in CSR activities, the paper reports on the decision-making and leadership challenges of business leaders after a high magnitude human tragedy. The paper specifically examines as to what extent the CSR initiatives following the tsunami disaster were a reflection of leaders’ authentic moral conduct. Due to the magnitude of the devastation from the tsunami, one would assume that the CSR initiatives that follow such ...


Q-Methodology For The Active Process Of Knowledge Management, Joseph A. Meloche, Helen M. Hasan, Michelle Mok Jan 2006

Q-Methodology For The Active Process Of Knowledge Management, Joseph A. Meloche, Helen M. Hasan, Michelle Mok

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Knowledge Managament for the provision of Health Information Services is a developing field and one that is usefully informed by applied research. The current study is conducted with Intensive Care Unit (ICU) professionals to capture and distil their views in regard to a developing a Web-Based Information Service. This service is provided by a central coordination and monitoring unit for intensive care units across NSW, Australia. The study is part of a larger research initiative that is being done to advance the provision of health information in ICU's across the state. Given the complex and dynamic context of ICUs ...


Macroeconomic Risk Factors In Australian Commercial Real Estate, Listed Property Trust And Property Sector Stock Returns, Tracey West, Andrew C. Worthington Jan 2006

Macroeconomic Risk Factors In Australian Commercial Real Estate, Listed Property Trust And Property Sector Stock Returns, Tracey West, Andrew C. Worthington

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

This paper employs a Generalised Autoregressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity in Mean (GARCH-M) model to consider the effect of macroeconomic factors on Australian property returns over the period 1985 to 2002. Three direct (office, retail and industrial property) and two indirect (listed property trust and property stock) returns are included in the analysis, along with market returns, short, medium and long-term interest rates, expected and unexpected inflation, construction activity and industrial employment and production. In general, the macroeconomic factors examined are found to be significant risk factors in Australian commercial property returns. However, the results also indicate that forecast accuracy in these ...


Whose Story Is This? The Selective Retelling Of Organizational Change, Patrick M. Dawson, David Buchanan Jan 2006

Whose Story Is This? The Selective Retelling Of Organizational Change, Patrick M. Dawson, David Buchanan

Faculty of Commerce - Papers (Archive)

Organizational change is a multi-authored process in which respondent and research narratives have causal as well as documentary and explanatory properties, shaping reputations and seeking to colour the nature and direction of future actions. We argue that academic case study narratives are too readily excluded from analysis and regarded as unproblematic solutions to logistical questions of data analysis. However, intervention narratives typically rely on respondent accounts that exhibit inconsistencies and are attributable to personal sense making, impression management, and political agendas. By drawing on processual and narrative approaches, we show how coherent narratives of change are achieved despite such inconsistencies ...


Exclusive Economic Zones And Pacific Developing Island States - Who Really Gets All The Fish?, Quentin A. Hanich, Ben M. Tsamenyi Jan 2006

Exclusive Economic Zones And Pacific Developing Island States - Who Really Gets All The Fish?, Quentin A. Hanich, Ben M. Tsamenyi

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The establishment of exclusive economic zones (EEZs), through the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (LOSC), changed the allocation of fishing rights. These zones allocated all fishing rights within 200 nautical miles of land to neighbouring coastal States. This change dramatically increased sovereign rights for Pacific small island States. In many cases, these States, with limited terrestrial resources, were allocated large resource rich EEZs that had previously been dominated by distant water fishing States. Distant water fishing States, concerned that they would lose access to 85-90% of the world's active fishing grounds, argued that the ...


Classical To Contemporary: Thoughts For The Future, Diana Wood Conroy Jan 2006

Classical To Contemporary: Thoughts For The Future, Diana Wood Conroy

Faculty of Creative Arts - Papers (Archive)

FORM is an independent, not for profit organisation dedicated to advocating for and developing creativity in Western Australia.

CULTURAL STRANDS PUBLICATION

Inspired by the acclaimed touring exhibition Woven Forms: Contemporary basket making in Australia, Cultural Strands is a publication that links together 16 essays from Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal practitioners, curators and academics and investigates the warp and weft of Australian fibre arts. Techniques, culture, environment, commercial markets and sustainability are explored.

Researched and developed by Carly Davenport Acker, Cultural Strands/Woven Visions facilitated a national body of practitioners and educators for a two day public program. Renowned fibre artist and ...


What Do We Know About Men's Help-Seeking And Health Service Use?, James A. Smith, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Gary Wittert Jan 2006

What Do We Know About Men's Help-Seeking And Health Service Use?, James A. Smith, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer, Gary Wittert

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

  • Men seek help and use health services less frequently than women do.

  • Men’s help-seeking practices and health service use are complex issues involving biological, psychological and sociological considerations.

  • Most discussion on men’s help-seeking positions them as reluctant consumers or “behaving badly” with respect to their health.

  • Few studies have explored whether health service providers are equipped to deal with men’s health issues appropriately.

  • The current health system appears not to be tailored to meet the health needs of men.

  • Better collaboration is required across disciplines, to further investigate men’s health using both qualitative and quantitative research ...


Financial Liberalization Index For Nepal, Min B Shrestha, Khorshed Chowdhury Jan 2006

Financial Liberalization Index For Nepal, Min B Shrestha, Khorshed Chowdhury

Faculty of Business - Papers

A financial liberalization index (FLI) for Nepal is constructed in order to show the degree or the level of financial liberalization at a particular time. FLI is calculated on the basis of principal components method following Demetriades and Luintel (1997), Bandiera, Caprio et al. (2000), Laeven (2003), and Laurenceson and Chai (2003). The index comprises eight policy components, viz, (1) interest rate deregulation (IRD), (2) removal of entry barriers (REB), (3) reduction in reserve requirement (RRR), (4) easing in credit control (ECC), (5) implementation of prudential rules (IPR), (6) stock market reform (SMR), (7) privatization of state-owned banks (PSB), and ...


Spin Singlet Pairing In The Superconducting State Of Naxco02 1.3h2o: Evidence From A 59co Knight Shift In A Single Crystal, Guo-Qing Zheng, Kazuaki Matano, Dapeng Chen, C T. Lin Jan 2006

Spin Singlet Pairing In The Superconducting State Of Naxco02 1.3h2o: Evidence From A 59co Knight Shift In A Single Crystal, Guo-Qing Zheng, Kazuaki Matano, Dapeng Chen, C T. Lin

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

We report a 59Co Knight-shift measurement in a single crystal of the cobalt oxide superconductor NaxCoO2∙1.3H2O (Tc=4.25 K). We find that the shift due to the spin susceptibility, Ks, is substantially large and anisotropic, with the spin shift along the a-axis Kas being two times that along the c-axis Kcs. The shift decreases with decreasing temperature (T) down to T≈100 K, then becomes a constant until superconductivity sets in. Both Kas and Kcs decrease below Tc. Our results indicate unambiguously that the electron pairing in the superconducting state is in the spin singlet form.