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University of Wollongong

2006

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The Role Of Customary Law In Sustainable Development, Christoph Antons Jan 2006

The Role Of Customary Law In Sustainable Development, Christoph Antons

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Book review of

The Role of Customary Law in Sustainable Development BY PETER ØREBECH, FRED BOSSELMAN, JES BJARUP, DAVID CALLIES, MARTIN CHANOCK AND HANNE PETERSEN xix + 502 pp., 23.5 × 15.5 × 3 cm, ISBN 0 521 85925 5 hardback, GB£ 60.00, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2006


Judicial Responses To Illegal Fishing Prosecutions In Fiji, Pio Manoa Jan 2006

Judicial Responses To Illegal Fishing Prosecutions In Fiji, Pio Manoa

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Illegal fishing deprives a nation of its assets and wealth. Since 2002, seven fishing vessels have been found fishing illegally in Fiji waters. The role of the judiciary in deterring illegal fishing activity is an essential part of fisheries management and enforcement. Good decisions are more likely to attract compliance while lenient decisions are likely to promote unscrupulous fishing activity. In five years, the judiciary has laid out principles for sentencing and the making of forfeiture orders and its latest decision shows the judiciary adopting stern deterrent measures. This paper provides a preliminary analyses of the decisions of the judiciary ...


The Elephant's Shelter, Madeleine T. Kelly Jan 2006

The Elephant's Shelter, Madeleine T. Kelly

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

Through a kind of surreal anamorphosis, these paintings reflect our current political reality to expose its hidden side – dreams, desires, hallucination. Thin washes of paint evoke a sense of environmental forecasts – in particular, global warming. Sole figures enact activities in largely uninhabited landscapes, trees morph while nature eerily hangs in strange balance against potential collapse. Many of these works were painted during an Australia Council residency at the Cité internationale, Paris.


Involvement Of Akt In Er-To-Golgi Transport Of Scap/Srebp: A Link Between A Key Cell Proliferative Pathway And Membrane Synthesis, X Du, Ika Kristiana, Jenny Wong, A Brown Jan 2006

Involvement Of Akt In Er-To-Golgi Transport Of Scap/Srebp: A Link Between A Key Cell Proliferative Pathway And Membrane Synthesis, X Du, Ika Kristiana, Jenny Wong, A Brown

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Akt is a critical regulator of cell growth, proliferation, and survival that is activated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K). We investigated the effect of PI3K inhibition on activation of sterol regulatory element binding protein-2 (SREBP-2), a master regulator of cholesterol homeostasis. SREBP-2 processing increased in response to various cholesterol depletion approaches (including statin treatment) and this increase was blunted by treatment with a potent and specific inhibitor of PI3K, LY294002, or when a plasmid encoding a dominant-negative form of Akt (DN-Akt) was expressed. LY294002 also suppressed SREBP-2 processing induced by insulin-like growth factor-1. Furthermore, LY294002 treatment down-regulated SREBP-2 or -1c gene ...


The Legitimacy Of My Ethnographic Gaze: Context, Methodology And Insights From In The Field, Lao Pdr, K Alexander, D H R Spennemann Jan 2006

The Legitimacy Of My Ethnographic Gaze: Context, Methodology And Insights From In The Field, Lao Pdr, K Alexander, D H R Spennemann

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

Rural development in the uplands of Lao Peoples' Democratic Republic (Lao PDR) presents many challenges for farmers and their communities. Swidden cultivation has long been the traditional farming system providing subsistence livelihoods for generations. The Lao government has based development policy on the reduction in swidden cultivation of upland rice and this is having a profound effect on food security, biodiversity, land degradation, and productivity. The research gives voice to community opinions and concerns about the impact of government policy and the influence of the emerging market economy on their capacity to modify their farming practices. The practical implications of ...


Education And Disadvantaged Children, Judy Cashmore, Michelle Townsend Jan 2006

Education And Disadvantaged Children, Judy Cashmore, Michelle Townsend

Illawarra Health and Medical Research Institute

The difficulties faced with specific reference to meeting the special needs of Aboriginal children, children with disabilities, children from non-English speaking backgrounds, and children in rural and particularly small and isolated communities are discussed. The efforts by schools concerning children's access to computers and participation in school activities including sports, excursions, social events including fun days which should not be limited by their families' financial situation, is highlighted.


University Of Wollongong Recreation And Aquatic Centre Annual Report 2006, University Of Wollongong Jan 2006

University Of Wollongong Recreation And Aquatic Centre Annual Report 2006, University Of Wollongong

University of Wollongong Recreation and Aquatic Centre Annual Reports

No abstract provided.


The French And Their Minorities: The Legal 'Linguicide' Arsenal, Henri A. Jeanjean Jan 2006

The French And Their Minorities: The Legal 'Linguicide' Arsenal, Henri A. Jeanjean

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

French Government policies to exclude, silence or outlaw regional minority languages date back as far as the 16th century and are clearly manifest in the nation’s legislation. Despite this, marginal languages have continued to survive and in some cases have experienced notable revivals. Perhaps to combat this resistance, a stronger arsenal was developed by the dominant culture in the 1990s—in particular through an amendment of Article 2 of the Constitution and the Toubon Law—in order to ensure the eradication of regional languages.


Arthur And Corinne Cantrill: The Film's The Thing. [Experimental Film Makers Interviewed By Burt, Warren.], Warren Burt Jan 2006

Arthur And Corinne Cantrill: The Film's The Thing. [Experimental Film Makers Interviewed By Burt, Warren.], Warren Burt

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

They bought their Bolex camera in 1960, and their first experimental films followed in 1961-62. Films like Mud, Kinegraffiti, Galaxy and Nebulae, were all more or less stylised or abstract with sound-tracks inspired by musique concrete experiments. In the years that followed, they made a large number of films, published 100 issues of Cantrills Film notes and gave innumerable screenings of works by themselves and other experimental filmmakers. This is a severely edited version of an interview conducted by Warren Burt via telephone on 2 September 2006.


Thermionic Cooling In Cylindrical Semiconductor Nanostructures, Pin Lyu, Chao Zhang Jan 2006

Thermionic Cooling In Cylindrical Semiconductor Nanostructures, Pin Lyu, Chao Zhang

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

The authors analyzed the thermionic cooling efficiency of the cylindrical semiconductor nanostructures. It is shown that due to the reduced emission current from the inner electrode, the cooling efficiency can be enhanced if the outer cylinder is the cold electrode. The threshold voltage for thermionic cooling is lower in cylindrical devices as compared to that in planar devices. The competition between the heat transport by electrons and the heat conduction by phonons is responsible for the efficiency enhancement and the voltage reduction.


The Tax Offset For Entrepreneurs: A Critical Review Of The 25% Tax Offset Concession For Small Business, John Mclaren Jan 2006

The Tax Offset For Entrepreneurs: A Critical Review Of The 25% Tax Offset Concession For Small Business, John Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers

From 1 July 2005, small business taxpayers using the Simplified Tax System and with a turnover of $50,000 or less are allowed a tax offset of 25 per cent on their tax payable. If turnover exceeds $50,000, the tax offset phases out at 1 per cent until the turnover reaches $75,000. This tax concession was part of the government's election statement made on 26 September 2004 in which the government stated that it wanted to assist and encourage small business entrepreneurs, particularly those set up from home. The steps involved in calculating the amount of tax ...


Should The International Income Of An Australian Resident Be Taxed On A Worldwide Or Territorial Basis?, John Mclaren Jan 2006

Should The International Income Of An Australian Resident Be Taxed On A Worldwide Or Territorial Basis?, John Mclaren

Faculty of Business - Papers

Many countries impose income tax on the worldwide income of their residents or citizens. This is the case in Australia where 'Australian residents for tax purposes' must pay income tax on their worldwide income including statutory income such as capital gains and dividends. If the government of a country adopts a 'worldwide' basis for imposing income tax on its residents then the existence of tax havens and offshore financial centres becomes an important issue because income from passive investments may not be disclosed and subsequently taxed in Australia. The Australian Government has recently funded 'Operation Wickenby', in an attempt to ...


Spin Singlet Pairing In The Superconducting State Of Naxco02 1.3h2o: Evidence From A 59co Knight Shift In A Single Crystal, Guo-Qing Zheng, Kazuaki Matano, Dapeng Chen, C T. Lin Jan 2006

Spin Singlet Pairing In The Superconducting State Of Naxco02 1.3h2o: Evidence From A 59co Knight Shift In A Single Crystal, Guo-Qing Zheng, Kazuaki Matano, Dapeng Chen, C T. Lin

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

We report a 59Co Knight-shift measurement in a single crystal of the cobalt oxide superconductor NaxCoO2∙1.3H2O (Tc=4.25 K). We find that the shift due to the spin susceptibility, Ks, is substantially large and anisotropic, with the spin shift along the a-axis Kas being two times that along the c-axis Kcs. The shift decreases with decreasing temperature (T) down to T≈100 K, then becomes a constant until superconductivity sets in. Both Kas and Kcs decrease below Tc. Our results indicate unambiguously that the electron pairing in the superconducting state is in the spin singlet form.


Anomalous Electronic Raman Scattering In Naxcoo2. Yh2o, P Lemmens, K. Y. Choi, E Sherman, Dapeng Chen, C T Lin, F. C. Chou, B Keimer Jan 2006

Anomalous Electronic Raman Scattering In Naxcoo2. Yh2o, P Lemmens, K. Y. Choi, E Sherman, Dapeng Chen, C T Lin, F. C. Chou, B Keimer

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Raman scattering experiments on NaxCoO2·yH2O single crystals show a broad electronic continuum with a pronounced peak around 100  cm-1 and a cutoff at approximately 560  cm-1 over a wide range of doping levels. The electronic Raman spectra in superconducting and nonsuperconducting samples are similar at room temperature, but evolve in markedly different ways with decreasing temperature. For superconducting samples, the low-energy spectral weight is depleted upon cooling below T*∼150  K, indicating the opening of a pseudogap that is not present in nonsuperconducting materials. Weak additional phonon modes observed below T* suggest that the pseudogap is associated with charge ...


1,8,14,20-Tetraoxa-11,23-Dithiatricyclo[21.3.0.09,13]Hexacosa-9,12,21,24-Tetraene, Pawel Wagner, Maciej Kubicki, Mieczyslaw Lapkowski Jan 2006

1,8,14,20-Tetraoxa-11,23-Dithiatricyclo[21.3.0.09,13]Hexacosa-9,12,21,24-Tetraene, Pawel Wagner, Maciej Kubicki, Mieczyslaw Lapkowski

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

Crystals of the title compd. are orthorhombic, space group Pbca; Z = 4. Mols. lie on crystallog. centers of inversion, but have approx. C2h mol. symmetry. The parallel thiophene rings are almost exactly planar; the overall conformation of the mol. is chair-like. The mols. have voids that could, in principle, accommodate small guest mols., although in the crystal structure access to these voids is blocked by neighboring mols.


Previous Heat Treatment Inducing Different Plasma Nitriding Behaviors In Martensitic Stainless Steels, C A. Figueroa, F Alvarez, D Rg Mitchell, G A. Collins, K T. Short Jan 2006

Previous Heat Treatment Inducing Different Plasma Nitriding Behaviors In Martensitic Stainless Steels, C A. Figueroa, F Alvarez, D Rg Mitchell, G A. Collins, K T. Short

Australian Institute for Innovative Materials - Papers

In this work we report a study of the induced changes in structure and corrosion behavior of martensitic stainless steels nitrided by plasma immersion ion implantation (PI3) at different previous heat treatments. The samples were characterized by x-ray diffraction and glancing angle x-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, and potentiodynamic measurements. Depending on the proportion of retained austenite in the unimplanted material, different phase transformations are obtained at lower and intermediate temperatures of nitrogen implantation. At higher temperatures, the great mobility of the chromium yields CrN segregations like spots in random distribution, and the a' -martensite is ...


The Impact Of Pre-School On Children's Development: Using Research To Inform Policy, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart Jan 2006

The Impact Of Pre-School On Children's Development: Using Research To Inform Policy, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Pam Sammons, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Presentation made at The Final Workshop for Evidence-based Policy Research in Education, 6-7 July 2006, London, United Kingdom


Geographical Knowledges, Universities, And Academic Freedom, Noel Castree Jan 2006

Geographical Knowledges, Universities, And Academic Freedom, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

I want to offer some perspectives on the university as an institution, on the conditions of knowledge production that should prevail in that institution, and on how those conditions affect the kinds of geographical knowledges circulating within and beyond universities. In recent years, there has been a lot of published debate in geography books, journals, e-lists, and newsletters about making the professional knowledges we collectively produce more `relevant'.


Western Environmentalism Today: Paradoxes, Problems And Challenges, Noel Castree Jan 2006

Western Environmentalism Today: Paradoxes, Problems And Challenges, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

It's forty years since the birth of the modern environmental movement in the West and beyond. After a thrilling late 1960s infancy and a rather successful 1970s adolescence, the movement should have enjoyed an early adulthood full of achievement. Yet its development was thoroughly arrested as the 1980s gave way to the 90s. For many environmentalists, the apparent greening of governments, firms and consumers after the first Earth Summit was simply a sham. For instance, veteran American campaigner Tom Athanasiou (1996) regarded Rio and its aftermath as little more than "a long flatulence".1 Fifteen years on, however, there ...


"The Real Work Is What They Do Together": Peer Support And Birth Parent Change, Laura Frame, Amy Conley Wright, Jill Duerr Berrick Jan 2006

"The Real Work Is What They Do Together": Peer Support And Birth Parent Change, Laura Frame, Amy Conley Wright, Jill Duerr Berrick

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This article examines a peer support intervention with birth parents in the child welfare system. Literature on the emotional change process for child welfare-involved parents, peer-support intervention-outcome studies in child welfare, and findings on peer support in related fields is reviewed. The Mendocino County Family Services Center (MCFSC) model is described, and findings from an exploratory study are presented and discussed. This model engages parents in a sequence of services based on developmental stages. The study used focus groups, interviews, and observation to understand the key components of the MCFSC peer support intervention, and the experience of birth-parent participants with ...


Informed Choice For Screening: Implications For Evaluation, Les Irwig, Kirsten Mccaffery, Glenn P. Salkeld, Patrick Bossuyt Jan 2006

Informed Choice For Screening: Implications For Evaluation, Les Irwig, Kirsten Mccaffery, Glenn P. Salkeld, Patrick Bossuyt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Evaluation of screening should reflect consumer priorities. We need to make more effort to find out what they really are.


Protocol For The Immediate Delivery Versus Expectant Care Of Women With Preterm Prelabour Rupture Of The Membranes Close To Term (Ppromt) Trial [Isrctn44485060], Jonathan Morris, Christine Roberts, Caroline Crowther, Sarah Buchanan, David Henderson-Smart, Glenn P. Salkeld Jan 2006

Protocol For The Immediate Delivery Versus Expectant Care Of Women With Preterm Prelabour Rupture Of The Membranes Close To Term (Ppromt) Trial [Isrctn44485060], Jonathan Morris, Christine Roberts, Caroline Crowther, Sarah Buchanan, David Henderson-Smart, Glenn P. Salkeld

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Preterm prelabour rupture of membranes (PPROM) complicates up to 2% of all pregnancies and is the cause of 40% of all preterm births. The optimal management of women with PPROM prior to 37 weeks, is not known. Furthermore, diversity in current clinical practice suggests uncertainty about the appropriate clinical management. There are two options for managing PPROM, expectant management (a wait and see approach) or early planned birth. Infection is the main risk for women in which management is expectant. This risk need to be balanced against the risk of iatrogenic prematurity if early delivery is planned. The different ...


Effective Pre-School And Primary Education 3-11 Project (Eppe 3-11): Variations In Teacher And Pupil Behaviours In Year 5 Classes, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Sofka Barreau Jan 2006

Effective Pre-School And Primary Education 3-11 Project (Eppe 3-11): Variations In Teacher And Pupil Behaviours In Year 5 Classes, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Sofka Barreau

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The EPPE 3-11 Project builds on the work of the earlier Effective Provision of Pre-School Education (EPPE) project, which was the first major longitudinal study in Europe to investigate the impact of pre-school provision on a national sample of young children, tracing their development between the ages of 3 and 7 years. EPPE 3-11 follows the same sample of 2500 plus children to age 11 years, the end of Key Stage 2 (KS2). This research brief reports the results of detailed observations of practice conducted in 125 Year 5 classes attended by EPPE children, and measures the variation in teachers ...


Variations In Teacher And Pupil Behaviours In Year 5 Classes, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Sofka Barreau, Laura Manni Jan 2006

Variations In Teacher And Pupil Behaviours In Year 5 Classes, Pam Sammons, Brenda Taggart, Kathy Sylva, Edward Melhuish, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Sofka Barreau, Laura Manni

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The Effective Pre-school and Primary Education Project 3-11 (EPPE 3-11) involves a number of components of "Tiers" of research. Tier 1 involves the analysis of primary school effectiveness across all primary schools in England using value added approaches (Melhuish et al, 2006). Tier 2 focuses on following up the academic and social/behavioural progress of children in the original pre-school sample across Key Stage 2 of primary education (age 7 to 11 years). In the original EPPE research children were tracked from age 3 years to the end of Key Stage 1, at aged 7 years plus (see Appendix O ...


The Effectiveness Of Primary Schools In England In Key Stage 2 For 2002, 2003 And 2004, Edward Melhuish, Helena Romaniuk, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart Jan 2006

The Effectiveness Of Primary Schools In England In Key Stage 2 For 2002, 2003 And 2004, Edward Melhuish, Helena Romaniuk, Pam Sammons, Kathy Sylva, Iram Siraj-Blatchford, Brenda Taggart

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This report covers children's progress during Key Stage 2 in all primary schools in England over a three year period (2002-2004). Value added multilevel models are used to investigate children's progress in Key Stage 2 by controlling for prior attainment, as well as several background influences. These analyses allow measurement of the extent to which children's progress can be attributed to the primary school attended. Primary schools where children make significantly greater progress than predicted (on the basis of prior attainment and intake characteristics) can be viewed as more effective and schools where children make less progress ...


Stigma And Discrimination Related To Hiv/Aids: A Study Of The Iranian Community In The Sydney Metropolitan Area, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Syeda Z. Hossain Jan 2006

Stigma And Discrimination Related To Hiv/Aids: A Study Of The Iranian Community In The Sydney Metropolitan Area, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Syeda Z. Hossain

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Abstract presented at the XVI International AIDS Conference, 13-18 August 2006, Toronto, Canada


Research Within The Privacy Regulations: Problems And Solutions For Database Custodians, Ea Mulligan, Wendy Rogers, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer Jan 2006

Research Within The Privacy Regulations: Problems And Solutions For Database Custodians, Ea Mulligan, Wendy Rogers, Annette J. Braunack-Mayer

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

State and Federal legislation governing health information and privacy in Australia is complex and relatively untested, causing confusion amongst database custodians as to what conduct is required. Some database custodians believe that providing privacy will allay public anxiety and consequently support research. Others argue that data managers have become fearful of litigation and that this will restrict the access of researchers to data. Two of the significant ethical issues to be considered are the right to privacy, and whether using information poses a risk to data subjects. Data custodians have sought to address concerns about privacy in two main ways ...


Longitudinal Qualitative Research Design: Experience Over Time, Stacy M. Carter Jan 2006

Longitudinal Qualitative Research Design: Experience Over Time, Stacy M. Carter

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

In this paper I examine time in qualitative researchdesign. I focus on a study design that is almost absent from the literature, inwhich qualitative data are collected repeatedly and prospectively from a cohort of individuals over a long period. I will refer to this design as longitudinal qualitative research, and argue that it carries risks and benefits. It heightens the need for ethical clarity, particularly in respect to repeated participation. Unless the aim is to examine a trajectory of experience, longitudinal design may diminish a study's explanatory power by making the sampling less purposive: commitments to long engagement must ...


Roles Of Rifampicin In Drug-Drug Interactions: Underlying Molecular Mechanisms Involving Nuclear Receptor Pxr, Jiezhong Chen, Kenneth Raymond Jan 2006

Roles Of Rifampicin In Drug-Drug Interactions: Underlying Molecular Mechanisms Involving Nuclear Receptor Pxr, Jiezhong Chen, Kenneth Raymond

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Rifampicin, an important drug in the treatment of tuberculosis, is used extensively despite its broad effects on drug-drug interactions, creating serious problems. The clinical importance of such interactions includes autoinduction leading to suboptimal or failed treatment. The concomitantly administered effects of rifampicin on other drugs can result in their altered metabolism or transportation that are metabolised by cytochromes P450 or transported by p-glycoprotein in the gastrointestinal tract and liver. This review paper summarises recent findings with emphases on the molecular mechanisms used to explain these broad drug-drug interactions. In general, rifampicin can act on a pattern: rifampicin activates the nuclear ...


Effects Of Sure Start Local Programmes On Children And Families: Early Findings From A Quasi-Experimental, Cross Sectional Study, Jay Belsky, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Alastair H. Leyland, Helena Romaniuk Jan 2006

Effects Of Sure Start Local Programmes On Children And Families: Early Findings From A Quasi-Experimental, Cross Sectional Study, Jay Belsky, Edward Melhuish, Jacqueline Barnes, Alastair H. Leyland, Helena Romaniuk

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objective To evaluate the effects of Sure Start local programmes (SSLPs) on children and their families. To assess whether variations in the effectiveness of SSLPs are due to differences in implementation. Design Quasi-experimental cross sectional study using interviews with mothers and cognitive assessment of children aged 36 months who speak English. Setting Socially deprived communities in England: 150 communities with ongoing SSLPs and 50 comparison communities. Participants Mothers of 12 575 children aged 9 months and 3927 children aged 36 months in SSLP areas; mothers of 1509 children aged 9 months and 1101 children aged 36 months in comparison communities ...