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University of Wollongong

2006

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The 'New' Middle Class In India: A Re-Assessment, Timothy J. Scrase Jan 2006

The 'New' Middle Class In India: A Re-Assessment, Timothy J. Scrase

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

[extract] This paper seeks to go some way towards unravelling the impact of neo-liberal policies on classbased cultures in India. Specifically, it focuses on the experiences and worldviews of the middle classes, the class group or fraction said to have expanded greatly in recent times and to have been the main beneficiaries of the neo-liberal reforms of the Indian economy instigated in the early 1990s. In this paper, we explore two dimensions of these changes: work and discourses of efficiency; and the impact of these reforms on gender and class relations.


The Desire For Connection—Shame And Its Many Faces, Mary Zournazi Jan 2006

The Desire For Connection—Shame And Its Many Faces, Mary Zournazi

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

A review of Elspeth Probyn, Blush: Faces of Shame (University of New South Wales Press, Sydney, 2005).


The New Age Hydra: India's Experiences With Terrorism And Counter Terrorism, Swati Parashar Jan 2006

The New Age Hydra: India's Experiences With Terrorism And Counter Terrorism, Swati Parashar

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

India’s experiences with terrorism, insurgency and violence date back to 1947, when the nation as a distinct political, national and geographic entity was realized. Ironically, after being home to a non–violent resistance against the British colonial rule, the new nation woke up to its ‘tryst with destiny’1 amidst unprecedented violence and terror resulting out of the partition of the country on religious grounds. Worse still, Mahatma Gandhi, the greatest apostle of peace and non–violence who had led the Indian struggle for freedom, was a victim of brutal political assassination carried out by a religious fanatic! Terror ...


Long Tan: The Politics Of Forgetting, Anthony Ashbolt Jan 2006

Long Tan: The Politics Of Forgetting, Anthony Ashbolt

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

The 40th anniversary commemorations of the Battle of Long Tan have been both excessive and tendentious. The rehabilitation of Vietnam veterans now serves to reinforce amnesia about Vietnam itself. Such amnesia serves the interests of policy makers in Canberra. Far from the immoral imperialist venture that it was, the American war in Vietnam now functions as a salutary reminder of Australian heroism. The noble warrior is recreated before our eyes: spurned and trashed by the anti-war movement and the Government, labelled a baby-killer by people in the street or the pub, thrown in the gutter to fester and die of ...


From Underground Cult To Public Policy For Citizens: Democratizing An Open Source Artifact At A Policy Level In South Korea, Kwang-Suk Lee Jan 2006

From Underground Cult To Public Policy For Citizens: Democratizing An Open Source Artifact At A Policy Level In South Korea, Kwang-Suk Lee

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

Purpose - This study explores the feasible use of free and open source software (FOSS) at a policy level in South Korea, which is reacting against being locked into only one technology company, Microsoft.

Methodology/Approach - Based on participatory democratic theory, this paper suggests that the normative role of the state is as a public mediator in the development of an IT infrastructure encouraging greater freedom of choice and the establishment of an electronic environment — such as the community-based use of software technology — for citizens to use easily and freely.

Findings - South Korean policymakers have explored FOSS as a kind of ...


Where To Neoliberalism? The World Bank And The Post-Washington Consensus In Indonesia And Vietnam, Susan N. Engel Jan 2006

Where To Neoliberalism? The World Bank And The Post-Washington Consensus In Indonesia And Vietnam, Susan N. Engel

Faculty of Arts - Papers (Archive)

This paper attempts to summarise a number of the ideas from a current, Gramscian-inspired research project on the form and nature of World Bank’s2 shift away from the Washington Consensus, which the World Bank publicly and loudly claimed to have achieved by 1997. The Bank’s new approach was labelled by critical academics as the post-Washington Consensus (PWC) because their analyses of the policies and rhetoric indicate a continued commitment to the core ideas of the Washington Consensus. My research explores not just the Bank’s underlying development discourse but also the practical consequences of the new themes and ...


Japanese Government Policy And The Reality Of The Lives Of The Zanryu Fujin, Rowena Ward Jan 2006

Japanese Government Policy And The Reality Of The Lives Of The Zanryu Fujin, Rowena Ward

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

The zanryu fujin, (or stranded war wives) are former Japanese female emigrants to Manchuria who, for various reasons, remained in China at the end of World War Two. They were for a long time the forgotten members of Japan's imperialist past. The reasons why the women did not undergo repatriation during the years up to 1958, when large numbers of the former colonial emigrants returned to Japan, are varied, but in many cases, their 'Chinese' families played some part. The stories of survival by these women during the period immediately after the entry of Russia into the Pacific War ...


Aspire And Be Inspired As A Korea Foundation Fellow: Pay It Forward In The Long-Term, Brian Yecies Jan 2006

Aspire And Be Inspired As A Korea Foundation Fellow: Pay It Forward In The Long-Term, Brian Yecies

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

This essay's title refers to the 2000 feature film Pay it Forward directed by Mimi Leder and starring the talented Kevin Spacey, Helen Hunt, and Haley Joel Osment. The film is not all that great in terms of making a contribution to the art of cinema, which is what I research and teach. However, its message carries a deep meaning. The phrase "pay it forward" captures the spirit of the potential impact Korea Foundation fellows have/can have in and on society. Everything we do and everyone we come in contact with in our lives is touched in some ...


Think Tank, Madeleine T. Kelly Jan 2006

Think Tank, Madeleine T. Kelly

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

No abstract provided.


Ground Control, Madeleine T. Kelly Jan 2006

Ground Control, Madeleine T. Kelly

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

WELCOME to DELL Gallery. COLONIAL TO CONTEMPORARY: Queensland College of Art 125 Years is a major project incorporating three group exhibitions and an extensive publication. A Historical Overview 1881-1974 was exhibited between 10 June - 16 July, and we are now pleased to host A Contemporary Overview 1974-2006 in DELL Gallery, and The Staff Self-Portrait Project at COLLEGE Gallery until 27 August 2006. Combined, the project draws on the work of over 150 participants, and is supported by a series of free gallery tours, school and community group presentations, published Gallery Guides, and major related events.

Perhaps fi ttingly, this has ...


To The Smell Of Pineapples: Writing A Queensland Auto-Bio-Graphie, Francesca T. Rendle-Short Jan 2006

To The Smell Of Pineapples: Writing A Queensland Auto-Bio-Graphie, Francesca T. Rendle-Short

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

I grew up eating pineapples in everything; well, nearly everything (let's not exaggerate). They were a sweetener, made things juicy. Pineapple jam, pineapple breadcrumbs stuffed in the chicken roast for Sunday lunch after church, pineapple on the barbeque for the Christian folk my parents (MotherJoy and Onward) invited home, crushed pineapple in the punch, pineapple in the boiled fruitcake, pineapple in sandwiches as a treat through the summer holidays, pineapple in the curried rice salad for days my mother felt adventurous. We ate from pineapples too. Imagine then refined white sugar being spooned out of a fancy pineapple canister ...


Horizontes Distópicos En La Literatura Infantil: El Caso De La Esclavitud En La Saga De Harry Potter, Luis Gomez Romero Jan 2006

Horizontes Distópicos En La Literatura Infantil: El Caso De La Esclavitud En La Saga De Harry Potter, Luis Gomez Romero

Faculty of Law, Humanities and the Arts - Papers

La voz utopía puede entenderse en dos sentidos. Habitualmente y en un sentido amplio, se ha convenido en remontar sus raíces a las voces griegas ού (no) y τόπος (lugar), esto es, el lugar que no existe. Sin embargo, también puede referirse a las raíces ευ (bueno) y τόπος (lugar): el buen lugar1 . En la etimología de la voz utopía se encuentra presente una ambigüedad que, al ser suprimida, confunde sus contenidos conceptuales: el “no lugar” (porque no es ahora, pero puede ser mañana) y el “buen lugar” (porque, ahora o mañana, debe ser). Con base en las acotaciones que ...


Geographical Knowledges, Universities, And Academic Freedom, Noel Castree Jan 2006

Geographical Knowledges, Universities, And Academic Freedom, Noel Castree

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

I want to offer some perspectives on the university as an institution, on the conditions of knowledge production that should prevail in that institution, and on how those conditions affect the kinds of geographical knowledges circulating within and beyond universities. In recent years, there has been a lot of published debate in geography books, journals, e-lists, and newsletters about making the professional knowledges we collectively produce more `relevant'.


Physical Education Research From Postmodern, Poststructural And Postcolonial Perspectives, Jan Wright Jan 2006

Physical Education Research From Postmodern, Poststructural And Postcolonial Perspectives, Jan Wright

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Physical education research drawing on poststructuralist and postmodernist approaches is relatively new. At this point in time there seems to be a notable absence of research in physical education drawing on postcolonial theory and agendas, although the relevance of such an approach to research in the field is one that will be argued in this chapter. Whether researchers describe their work as postmodern or poststructural tends to be determined by whether they are researching in a North American context or UK, European, Australian and New Zealand context. In many cases, there is no explicit indication as to whether researchers identify ...


In Whose Name? Mapping Voice And Vision In A Critical Examination Of Literature On Literacy In The Lower Primary School Years, Pauline J. Harris, Lisa K. Kervin Jan 2006

In Whose Name? Mapping Voice And Vision In A Critical Examination Of Literature On Literacy In The Lower Primary School Years, Pauline J. Harris, Lisa K. Kervin

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper presents the outcomes of a critical analysis of journal art icles, government reports and agendas on l iteracy in lower Primary classrooms. While different voices and perspectives clearly emerge, our concern is not engaging with or promoting par ticular viewpoints and agendas per se. Rather, this paper moves beyond debate to focus on mapping these voices onto the kinds of literacy/ies they characterise, the instructional practices they port ray, the research frameworks they ut ilise, the issues they art iculate, the groups they represent, the venues in which they are heard, the audiences to which they speak ...


Authentic Conditions For Authentic Assessment: Aligning Task And Assessment, Janice A. Herrington, Anthony J. Herrington Jan 2006

Authentic Conditions For Authentic Assessment: Aligning Task And Assessment, Janice A. Herrington, Anthony J. Herrington

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Despite major discussion and consideration of authentic assessment through the 1990s, little progress appears to have been made towards its widespread adoption in higher education. Universities often serve to limit the use of authentic approaches in learning tasks and assessment, through restrictive policies. In this paper, we briefly review the literature and summarise the characteristic elements of authentic assessment, and argue that task, assessment and university policies must be aligned for truly effective use of authentic assessment to occur in higher education.


The 'Copy And Paste' Function: A Flawed Cognitive Tool In Need Of Redesign, Gwyn J. Brickell, Barry M. Harper, Michael Morgan Jan 2006

The 'Copy And Paste' Function: A Flawed Cognitive Tool In Need Of Redesign, Gwyn J. Brickell, Barry M. Harper, Michael Morgan

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper argues that the traditional version of the ‘copy and paste’ function used in many computer-mediated learning environments is a flawed cognitive tool for learning applications and may in fact subvert the constructivist philosophy of many learning packages. An initial study was conducted, using distributed cognition theory to redesign the interface of the ‘copy and paste’ function, to examine the efficacy of embedding a specific interaction strategy (reported in Morgan et al., 2006a, 2006b). The embedded interaction strategy involved summarisation note taking tasks and the results of this empirical study are outlined in order to establish the efficacy of ...


Scaffolding Numeracy: Pre-Service Teachers' Perspective, Irina M. Verenikina, Mohan Chinnappan Jan 2006

Scaffolding Numeracy: Pre-Service Teachers' Perspective, Irina M. Verenikina, Mohan Chinnappan

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Scaffolding has become increasingly popular as it provides teachers with an appealing alternative to traditional classroom techniques of teaching. Recent research identified a number of different ways that scaffolding can be used in the classroom to improve students’ numeracy levels in primary schools. However, despite the importance of scaffolding, pre-service teachers experience difficulties in understanding the complex techniques of scaffolding and often fail to make connections between theoretical explanations and their practical use. This paper examines current perceptions of scaffolding by a cohort of pre-service teachers, both in its conceptual framework and its practical implications to teaching in the classroom ...


Cross-Cultural Online Communication: Making Connections Through Project-Based Learning, Mike Keppell, Morris Jong, Harold Tsang, Susan J. Bennett, Lori Lockyer Jan 2006

Cross-Cultural Online Communication: Making Connections Through Project-Based Learning, Mike Keppell, Morris Jong, Harold Tsang, Susan J. Bennett, Lori Lockyer

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines a project that encourages cross-cultural communication among teachereducation students through online discussion and project-based learning. An authentic case was presented to eleven students (divided into two groups) who volunteered to participate in the project over one semester. The case focussed on the development of a website by the two groups which would provide information to local Hong Kong students visiting the University of Wollongong on an intensive English immersion programme. The students were encouraged to seek advice from their HKIEd mentor and UOW advisor via synchronous and asynchronous communication tools available in the Blackboard Learning Management System ...


The Use Of A Visual Learning Design Representation To Document And Communicate Teaching Ideas, Shirley Agostinho Jan 2006

The Use Of A Visual Learning Design Representation To Document And Communicate Teaching Ideas, Shirley Agostinho

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

A learning design is a representation of teaching and learning practice documented in some notational form so that it can serve as a model or template adaptable by a teacher to suit his/her context. This paper presents a work-in-progress of a research study that is examining how a learning design representation developed in an Australian federally funded project known as the Learning Designs project (www.learningdesigns.uow.edu.au) is being used. Eleven participants were interviewed to investigate how they are using the learning design representation and how such a representation could be improved. Preliminary findings indicate that the ...


Grade 12 Mathematics Teachers' Views On Curriculum Reform In New South Wales, Paul L. Ayres, John M. Mccormick Jan 2006

Grade 12 Mathematics Teachers' Views On Curriculum Reform In New South Wales, Paul L. Ayres, John M. Mccormick

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper reports on teachers’ perceptions of major curriculum reform in New South Wales at the Higher School Certificate. Quantitative and qualitative data are presented. Measures of teacher self-efficacy and stress related to the innovation, as well as general perceptions of the implementation are reported. Mathematics teachers' views of the curriculum reform are also compared with those of other subject teachers.


Fostering Communities Of Practice During The Creation Of An Online Classroom-Based Simulation, Brian Ferry, Lisa K. Kervin Jan 2006

Fostering Communities Of Practice During The Creation Of An Online Classroom-Based Simulation, Brian Ferry, Lisa K. Kervin

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Working with and managing a team can be a challenge in any project development. This paper reports on how a team of researchers, an instructional designer, programmers and graphic artists worked within a community of practice, as simulation software was created and further developed. The simulated classroom represented in this software was designed to enhance the initial practicum experience of pre-service teachers. The teaching of literacy skills in primary schools framed the pedagogical focus of the software – one of the priority areas within primary schooling. We report on how research associated with each iteration of the simulation prototype software helped ...


Design-Based Research And The Learning Designer, Deidre Seeto, Janice A. Herrington Jan 2006

Design-Based Research And The Learning Designer, Deidre Seeto, Janice A. Herrington

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The role of the learning designer has expanded from the commonly known activities of an instructional designer to incorporate a range of new roles, largely prompted by new technologies. In this paper, we articulate an approach that further extends the role of the learning designer to encompass evaluation and design-based research, in collaboration with the subject matter expert. Such collaboration is professionally enhancing for both parties, and adds to the sum of knowledge on the effective design of learning environments, by documenting and disseminating the learning design process.


Questioning The Net Generation: A Collaborative Project In Australian Higher Education, Gregor Kennedy, Kerri-Lee Krause, Kathleen Gray, Terry Judd, Susan J. Bennett, Karl A. Maton, Barney Dalgarno, Andrea Bishop Jan 2006

Questioning The Net Generation: A Collaborative Project In Australian Higher Education, Gregor Kennedy, Kerri-Lee Krause, Kathleen Gray, Terry Judd, Susan J. Bennett, Karl A. Maton, Barney Dalgarno, Andrea Bishop

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper describes a project, which has been supported by the Carrick Institute for Learning and Teaching in Higher Education, that aims to identify how the technologybased tools of a new generation of students can be successfully used by higher education. Recent commentaries propose that Universities are ill-equipped to educate a new generation of learners whose sophisticated use of emerging technologies is incompatible with current teaching practice. This project will investigate this proposed gap between learners’ and teachers’ use of technologies and identify the implications for higher education. This paper presents the rationale of the project, highlighting its critical stance ...


Nsw High School Students Construction Of Democratic Citizenship Through Language Learning: A Case Study Of Japanese Language Learning Experience, Yuko Ramzan Jan 2006

Nsw High School Students Construction Of Democratic Citizenship Through Language Learning: A Case Study Of Japanese Language Learning Experience, Yuko Ramzan

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This study reports on the perceptions of five high school students in NSW who have been studying Japanese language since their primary schooling. The study examines how the students construct their self and others within their Japanese language classes and how the classes contribute to citizenship education. The discussion, based on data derived from in-depth and semi-structured interviews is focused on perceptions of language learning, interculturality and citizenship education. The results suggest that language learning contributes to the students’ construction of interculturality, which in turn provides a focus for meting the students’ needs for citizenship education.


Educated Women's Ways Of Knowing On Gender, Education And Social Transformation: Exploring Actionable Space, Vinathe Sharma-Brymer Jan 2006

Educated Women's Ways Of Knowing On Gender, Education And Social Transformation: Exploring Actionable Space, Vinathe Sharma-Brymer

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

How do women with higher education view their own experiences of being educated in their everyday life? How do they understand and address gender relations as educated women? What is their analysis of gender and social transformation in the contemporary Indian society? This paper examines these questions in the light of educated women’s experiences. Stories and narratives of five women living in urban Bangalore in Southern India provide the ground to inquire into issues of gender and social transformation. This paper argues that theoretical perspectives supporting transformation through education do not effectively address the everyday experiences of women living ...


Vygotskyan Inner Speech And The Reading Process, John F. Ehrich Jan 2006

Vygotskyan Inner Speech And The Reading Process, John F. Ehrich

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

There is a paucity of Vygotskian influenced inner speech research in relation to the reading process. Those few studies which have examined Vygotskian inner speech from a reading perspective tend to support the notion that inner speech is an important covert function that is crucial to the reading process and to reading acquisition in general. However, Vygotskian notions on inner speech, in particular, syntactic and semantic aspects of inner speech (e.g., predication, word sense and agglutination), have not been investigated in relation to the study of the decoding aspects of silent reading. In this paper, an argument is presented ...


The Perception And Production Of Phones And Tones: The Role Of Rigid And Non-Rigid Face And Head Motion, Denis Burnham, Jessica Reynolds, Eric Vatikiotis-Bateson, Hani Yehia, Valter Ciocca, Rua Haszard Morris, Harold Hill, Guillaume Vignali, Sandra Bollwerk, Helen Tam, Caroline Jones Jan 2006

The Perception And Production Of Phones And Tones: The Role Of Rigid And Non-Rigid Face And Head Motion, Denis Burnham, Jessica Reynolds, Eric Vatikiotis-Bateson, Hani Yehia, Valter Ciocca, Rua Haszard Morris, Harold Hill, Guillaume Vignali, Sandra Bollwerk, Helen Tam, Caroline Jones

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

There is evidence, mostly with phones (consonants & vowels), that visual concomitants of articulation facilitate speech perception. Here the visual concomitants of lexical tone are considered. In tone languages fundamental frequency variations signal lexical meaning. In a word identification experiment with auditory-visual words differing only in tone, Cantonese perceivers performed above chance in a Visual Only condition. A subsequent study showed augmentation of word pair discrimination in noise in an Auditory-Visual compared to an Auditory Only condition for Cantonese, tonal Thai speakers, and even non-tone Australian speakers). The source of this perceptual information was sought in an OPTOTRAK production study of ...


The Measurement Of Multidimensional Self-Concept In Adults With Mild Intellectual Disability, Roselyn M. Dixon, Rhonda Craven, Andrew Martin Jan 2006

The Measurement Of Multidimensional Self-Concept In Adults With Mild Intellectual Disability, Roselyn M. Dixon, Rhonda Craven, Andrew Martin

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Although self-concept is now recognised as a multidimensional construct, unidimensional measurement is still common practice for adults with mild intellectual disabilities. For this study, two groups of adults with intellectual disabilities were chosen from two institutions. One group were being prepared to move to community living (Movers) and the other group were staying at their residential service (Stayers). All of the participants had an IQ within the range of 56-75 for those with mild intellectual disability and within the range of 45- 56 for those with mild-moderate intellectual disability. Group 1 consisted of 25 adults who had a mean age ...


Teaching Games For Understanding (Tgfu); A Model For Pre Service Teachers, Gregory J. Forrest, Paul I. Webb, Philip J. Pearson Jan 2006

Teaching Games For Understanding (Tgfu); A Model For Pre Service Teachers, Gregory J. Forrest, Paul I. Webb, Philip J. Pearson

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Teaching Games for Understanding (TGfU) has been present in the Australian sporting community for the last ten years and more recently as the focus of physical education lessons in some Australian schools’ curriculum, especially in NSW. However, the effectiveness of TGfU as a teaching method is limited by the skill of its practitioners in developing the appropriate games and questions to generate understanding opportunities for their students. If practitioners do not develop these skills, there may be limited opportunities for their students to gain skills in critical analysis, deep knowledge and deep understanding, essential in any productive pedagogy.