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Theses/Dissertations

Memory

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Anxiety And Its Impact On Memory, Blakeney C. Coleman, Ryan M. Yoder Dec 2019

Anxiety And Its Impact On Memory, Blakeney C. Coleman, Ryan M. Yoder

Honors Theses

From influences on our memories of common words to even eyewitness testimonies, anxiety can shape our view of the world (Amir et al., 1996). Our research attempted to show a relationship between anxiety and its effects as an impact on memory as is supported by the Theory of Attentional Control (Eysenck & Calvo, 1992). A video from Simons’ and Chabris’ (1999) study on Inattentional Blindness was used to assess whether anxiety is adaptive or maladaptive to functions of our memory. Our study did not find significance regarding the impact of anxiety on memory. However, the relevance and interest of studies on ...


Processing Speed For Action And Semantic Memory, Tyler Surber Oct 2019

Processing Speed For Action And Semantic Memory, Tyler Surber

Master's Theses

Previous research suggests that the processing of affordances may require more perceptually relevant information than words can provide (Surber et al., 2018; Chainay & Humphreys, 2002). The present study investigates this hypothesis with the shoebox task used in Bowers and Turner (2003). A list of 81 object nouns (targets) and associated features (primes: affordance, semantic, and non-associates) was compiled from the McRae, Cree, Seidenberg, and McNorgan (2005) norms. Affordances denote possibilities for action in relation to the object (e.g. chair – sit), whereas semantic features indicate definitional characteristics (e.g. chair – has legs). Affordances and semantic features served as primes in ...


Performing Musical Memoir: Autobiography, Narrative And Memory In Leoš Janáček’S Mládí, John Eichhorn Aug 2019

Performing Musical Memoir: Autobiography, Narrative And Memory In Leoš Janáček’S Mládí, John Eichhorn

Music Theory Graduate Theses & Dissertations

Leoš Janáček writes in a letter to Kamila Stösslová, his paramour, dated July 24, 1924: “I have composed a sort of memoir of youth” (trans. Tyrell 2014, 53). The piece to which Janáček is referring is Mládí, a four-movement chamber work for wind sextet consisting of flute, oboe, clarinet, horn, bassoon, and bass clarinet. This thesis examines Mládí, which means youth in Czech, through an autobiographical lens. Drawing on Vincent Meelberg’s New Sounds, New Stories and Carolyn Abbate’s Unsung Voices, I construct childhood narratives for the first three movements of the wind sextet; I refer to biographical details ...


911 Dispatchers: Investigating Their Knowledge Of Eyewitness Evidence Collection, Samantha A. Kosziollek Aug 2019

911 Dispatchers: Investigating Their Knowledge Of Eyewitness Evidence Collection, Samantha A. Kosziollek

Student Theses

911 dispatchers are often the first contact in an emergency, playing a critical role in the investigative process. Presently, a new bill is seeking to nationally reclassify these communications officers, recognizing them as vital first responders, as their initial collection of eyewitness evidence aid in the attainment of crucial information and detailed descriptions of an accident or crime. However, only one study (Kassis, 2017), to date, has examined the training of 911 dispatchers, as well as their self-reported knowledge of the potential influences their language could have on an eyewitness’ memory. While this research highlighted disparities between the perceived role ...


Understanding The Effect Of Font Type On Reading Comprehension/Memory Under Time-Constraints, Elizabeth Dressler Aug 2019

Understanding The Effect Of Font Type On Reading Comprehension/Memory Under Time-Constraints, Elizabeth Dressler

Theses/Capstones/Creative Projects

This research study investigated the effects that font type and amount of time had on the reading comprehension. It was predicted that students restricted with time and given difficult-to-read font (Haettenschweiler) would perform more poorly because more cognitive resources are being utilized to decode the typography compared to an easy-to-read font (Times New Roman). Consequently, there would be fewer cognitive resources available to comprehend and remember the material. Previous research has consistently shown that subjects perform better from reading or memorizing words in difficult-to-read font. However, almost all previous research has consisted of short passages, thereby limiting ecological validity. Results ...


Making The White Folks Feel Better: Memory And Race In Four Best-Selling Southern Novels, Lisa Marzano Aug 2019

Making The White Folks Feel Better: Memory And Race In Four Best-Selling Southern Novels, Lisa Marzano

Theses and Dissertations (All)

Palliative memory is a new theoretical term used to explain how white readers engage with and embrace a racist text. This unique type of memory can be integrated with other theories, such as nostalgia, reciprocity, and prosthetic memory. Many memory theorists agree that memory is fluid. It changes and can only become a “fixed” memory if it is inscribed. Pierre Nora writes that these inscriptions are sites of memory. Sites of memory can include monuments or other material items, such as books.

This dissertation seeks to show the influence of palliative memory on race in the South, and how it ...


The Neural Correlates And Temporal Dynamics Of Cued Fear Generalization, Kelsey Nicole Wilson Aug 2019

The Neural Correlates And Temporal Dynamics Of Cued Fear Generalization, Kelsey Nicole Wilson

Theses and Dissertations

Fear generalization, the generalization of fear to innocuous stimuli, is a characteristic component of pathological anxiety. For example, after returning from war, a person might begin to experience fear in response to the sound of fireworks, a stimulus typically regarded as safe. When excessive, “overgeneralization” serves as a core feature of fear and anxiety-related disorders, such as PTSD. The present collection of studies sought to investigate the neural correlates and temporal dynamics of fear generalization in humans.

The first study sought to investigate the causal role of the ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) and hippocampus in the generalization of fear. Contrary ...


Reputation Versus Reality: An Oral History Of Vidor, Texas, Amanda Michel Saylor Aug 2019

Reputation Versus Reality: An Oral History Of Vidor, Texas, Amanda Michel Saylor

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Vidor, Texas is a town learning to manage its past with the Ku Klux Klan and the subsequent legacy of racial intolerance it now carries into the twenty-first century. By utilizing oral history, interviews with the residents (current and former) clarify how Vidorians see their past and form a collective memory. This memory study oral history project chronicles the historical narrative of Vidor and Vidorians based on oral histories of the interviewee’s point of view. It then highlights my mastery of relevant public history and oral history literature while reviewing the best practices of oral history as both a ...


/Səm/ Of The Parts, Marija Ratkeviciute Jul 2019

/Səm/ Of The Parts, Marija Ratkeviciute

Theses

This thesis focuses on the role of memory in identity development and discusses the creation of work that explores transitions that we go through in life, the effects of time on our relationships, and the shifts that happen within the person involved. The emphasis of my exploration is the investigation of states of being where the past is more than a memory, and the future is yet unclear.

Everyone grows through liminal states, especially in this time of globalization and social change. There are some rituals to help us transition into different social roles and stages of life, such as ...


Multiple Species Of Distinctiveness In Memory: Separating Task Distinctiveness From Statistical Distinctiveness, Matthew Robert Gretz Jul 2019

Multiple Species Of Distinctiveness In Memory: Separating Task Distinctiveness From Statistical Distinctiveness, Matthew Robert Gretz

Master's Theses

Distinctiveness refers to the memorial benefit of processing unique or item-specific features of a memory set relative to a non-distinctive control. Traditional distinctiveness effects are accounted for based on qualitative differences in how distinctive items are encoded at the time of study. This thesis project aims to evaluate whether a different species of distinctiveness—statistical distinctiveness—may provide a separate contribution to memory beyond traditional encoding-based processes. Statistical distinctiveness refers to the relative frequency with which a specific memory item or set is processed. The current study evaluated statistical distinctiveness through a series of mixed groups in which DRM lists ...


Walking The Ridge Of The Whorl, David Naimon Jun 2019

Walking The Ridge Of The Whorl, David Naimon

Dissertations and Theses

In 2010, my wife and I were harmed in a bombing while traveling in India. Over a thousand people were attending the outdoor Hindu ceremony along the Ganges in Varanasi but when I woke up in the rubble no one was there. I searched for my wife amidst the concrete debris, found her unconscious, roused her, and we fled. This thesis is an examination of that gap in my experience, that unlived and unknown lapse of time-- between the moment I was blown off my feet by the blast wind until I stood up again-- and how it has reshaped ...


Clustering, Switching & Verbal Fluency Assessment: A Critical Evaluation Of Introspection And Interview-Based Scoring Procedures, Antonio M. Bottos Jun 2019

Clustering, Switching & Verbal Fluency Assessment: A Critical Evaluation Of Introspection And Interview-Based Scoring Procedures, Antonio M. Bottos

Senior Honors Theses

Semantic Verbal Fluency (SVF) is a neuropsychological assessment that requires respondents to rapidly generate words in specified semantic categories (e.g., different kinds of animals). It provides information on the integrity of examinees’ executive function and semantic memory by looking at clustering of words generated and switching between clusters. According to recent literature, extant methods for scoring clustering and switching based on examiner-identified semantic associations among words should be abandoned in favor of scores derived from asking participants post hoc how they think they generated their words the way they did (Body & Muskett, 2013). Repeated measures ANOVA indicated that leading questions, a demand characteristic inherent in interviewing a participant after administering SVF, lead to more clusters, clustered words, cluster switches (CS) and decreased hard switches (HS) on interview-based scoring procedures across low demand and high demand queries – evidence supporting a threat to internal validity inherent in Body & Muskett’s (2013) claim and methodology. Cueing three semantic categories (e.g., pets, sea creatures, farm animals) before administering SVF was also found to increase mean number of clusters, clustered words, CS and decrease HS compared to un-cued groups – evidence consistent with literature (Abwender, Preston, & Steffenella, 2003; Hurks, 2012) Additionally, HS on SVF traditional scoring ...


Modeling Melodic Dictation, David John Baker Jun 2019

Modeling Melodic Dictation, David John Baker

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Melodic dictation is a cognitively demanding process that requires students to hear a melody, then without any access to an external reference, transcribe the melody within a limited time frame. Despite its ubiquity in curricula within School of Music settings, exactly how an individual learns a melody is not well understood. This dissertation aims to fill the gap in the literature between aural skills practitioners and music psychologists in order to reach conclusions that can be applied systematically in pedagogical contexts. In order to do this, I synthesize literature from music theory, music psychology, and music education in order to ...


Forget Me Not: Are Stronger Memories More Susceptible To Retrieval-Induced Forgetting?, Laura Lee Heisick Jun 2019

Forget Me Not: Are Stronger Memories More Susceptible To Retrieval-Induced Forgetting?, Laura Lee Heisick

LSU Doctoral Dissertations

Successfully retrieving information sometimes causes forgetting of related, but unpracticed, information, termed retrieval-induced forgetting (RIF). One explanatory mechanism of RIF suggests related, but currently irrelevant, information is inhibited during retrieval, resulting in poorer memory for competing representations. Critically, this perspective suggests stronger memories are more susceptible to RIF because stronger representations produce additional competition when unpracticed. To resolve this competition, strong competing items are inhibited, resulting in the counterintuitive prediction that stronger memories are more likely to be forgotten. The aim of the current experiments was to replicate and extend recent work suggesting non-typical objects and own-race faces, both of ...


Creativity Advances Logical, Spatial, And Aesthetics Cognitive Abilities Through Self-Reflection And May Improve Spatial Sequencing Memory, Theresa Ferg Jun 2019

Creativity Advances Logical, Spatial, And Aesthetics Cognitive Abilities Through Self-Reflection And May Improve Spatial Sequencing Memory, Theresa Ferg

University College: Global Affairs Capstones

Creativity is defined as the ability to make new things or think of new ideas using multiple human aptitudes; it is inventiveness. Therefore, an important part of understanding creativity is through the self-reflection of your own cognitive components of logical, spatial and aesthetics thinking, which requires the cortical processes of spatial sequencing memory and affective symmetry gauging. Creativity is relevant to the global community and international education because it is an inherent human expression. A case study of the experience of the art teachers at the John Langdon Down Foundation A.C. (JLDF) Mexican art school (who chose to undergo ...


Neurological Correlates Of The Dunning-Kruger Effect, Alana Lauren Muller Jun 2019

Neurological Correlates Of The Dunning-Kruger Effect, Alana Lauren Muller

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

The Dunning-Kruger Effect is a metacognitive phenomenon in which individuals who perform poorly on a task believe they performed well, whereas individuals who performed very well believe their performance was only average. To date, this effect has only been investigated in the context of performance on mathematical, logical, or lexical tasks, but has yet to be explored for its generalizability in episodic memory task performance. We used a novel method to elicit the Dunning-Kruger Effect via a memory test of item and source recognition confidence. Participants studied 4 lists of words and were asked to make a simple decision about ...


Behavioral And Neural Correlates Of Misses During Cued Recall, Lindsey Sirianni Jun 2019

Behavioral And Neural Correlates Of Misses During Cued Recall, Lindsey Sirianni

Electronic Theses, Projects, and Dissertations

Recognition memory is thought to rely upon both recollection and familiarity. When people recall an episode from the past it is generally considered to reflect the memory process of recollection. Therefore, if people can successfully recall an item, they should be able to recognize it. However, in cued recall paradigms of memory research, participants sometimes correctly recall a studied target word in the presence of a strong semantic cue but then fail to recognize that word as actually having been studied. This paradox and underlying cognitive processes have been minimally studied by scientists, leaving this phenomenon poorly understood. Extant research ...


Film For Landscape Architecture : Learning From Alfonso Cuarón's Roma, Ramon Solis May 2019

Film For Landscape Architecture : Learning From Alfonso Cuarón's Roma, Ramon Solis

Masters Theses

Introduction:

How can film inform landscape architectural thinking? In narrative film, we are spectators of unfolding space. In landscapes, our bodies enable us to author its unfolding.

In many ways, film is a well-suited and under-theorized territory for landscape. Its intersections are not without precedent, and in the following pages, I hope to describe the experiments, failures and potential scenarios I have uncovered for future practitioners of landscape architecture. A secondary intention of this thesis is as an articulation of my own practice, walking toward disciplinary edges, but always looking back to landscape architecture.

Site:

Roma (2018), directed by Alfonso ...


Amalgamations, Brennan Probst May 2019

Amalgamations, Brennan Probst

University of New Orleans Theses and Dissertations

I explore time, memory, and the artist’s ability to convey experience through autobiographical photographs and drawings. In my compositions, I provide an intimate look into my life, while making wider observations about how my mind processes the world. My work is concerned with circumventing the objective, static qualities of photography. I attempt to create images that convey how experiences feel, instead of how they look through the lens of an optical apparatus. With my work, I do not wish to take from the world around me, but rather to create from the world within me. By utilizing multiple exposures ...


Art Therapy Blossoms: Developing Floral Design In Art Therapy For Adults With Anxiety, Katharine Lagreze May 2019

Art Therapy Blossoms: Developing Floral Design In Art Therapy For Adults With Anxiety, Katharine Lagreze

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

The aim of this research is to explore the relationship of floral design principles and art therapy. My central concern started around adults who are not treated, undiagnosed, and who are in pre or post treatment for anxiety disorders and comorbid disorders. Literature supports the use of nature-based materials used in art therapy treatments of specific populations. A therapeutic community engagement project for adults with anxiety was explored which transformed into a developed method for an expressive therapies group for adults diagnosed with obsessive compulsive disorder. Behavioral and cultural community theoretical stances, as well as clinical experiences, and personal and ...


"Music And Memory": Is It Personalized Music Therapy Or Just 'Good Music'?, Tamara Adams May 2019

"Music And Memory": Is It Personalized Music Therapy Or Just 'Good Music'?, Tamara Adams

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This review of the literature focuses on the benefits of music and music therapy for persons diagnosed with dementia. A summary of the role of music therapy is given and compared to the Music & Memory program. The question is whether it is fair to call the latter music therapy when assessments are carried out by individuals not qualified in music therapy, but trained in the Music & Memory program. The consequence of the lack of knowledge of this distinction is inconsistent communication which misleads stakeholders about the role of music therapy in healthcare. In my experience through volunteering in the Music ...


The Revelation Effect In Autobiographical Memory, Vincent A. Medina May 2019

The Revelation Effect In Autobiographical Memory, Vincent A. Medina

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

The revelation effect is a memory illusion in recognition memory where items are more likely to be considered old if they are immediately preceded by a cognitive task (for a review, see Abfalg, Bernstein, & Hockley, 2017). Recent research has shown that the revelation effect appears in past and future episodic judgments so long as the tasks are autobiographical in nature (Westerman, Miller, & Lloyd, 2017). Aging is a factor that has not yet been studied in the revelation effect literature in terms of autobiographical memory. It has implications because of aging’s significant impact on mental time travel. During this experiment ...


Sherlock, Jared Butler May 2019

Sherlock, Jared Butler

Honors Projects and Presentations: Undergraduate

Learning was your Job?

Most of us are graduating fairly soon.


Fluency & Over The Counter Drug Warning Labels, Jonathan M. Cecire May 2019

Fluency & Over The Counter Drug Warning Labels, Jonathan M. Cecire

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

Fluency is defined as the ease with which something is processed (Jacoby & Dallas, 1981; Okuhara, 2017). Recent research has shown that the fluency of a drug’s name can have an effect on people’s perceptions and evaluation judgments (Dohle & Siegrist, 2013, Dohle & Montoya, 2017). Research has also shown that the fluency of information can have an effect on people’s memory and performance (Diemand-Yauman, Oppenheimer, & Vaughan, 2011). The purpose of this study was to see how manipulating the fluency of warning labels could affect people’s perceptions, adherence, memory, and behaviors. Results showed that labels with fluent formats improved purchasing preferences and memory; labels with fluent colors were also shown to improve purchasing preferences. However, neither the fluency of the format nor color affected participant’s judgments of adherence or perceived hazardousness. The results are of particular importance because a product’s label is the key source of safety information for the consumer (Goyal et al., 2012).


Needle And Thread, Caitlin Carvalho May 2019

Needle And Thread, Caitlin Carvalho

School of Arts & Sciences Theses

Needle and Thread is an expanded cinema performance that involves the projection of 16mm film, archival footage, video, 35mm slide projection, soundscape and liquid light projection. It explores the fibers of connection, the thread that ties together my matriarchy, utilizing the language of cinema to piece together the memories.


Table 42 Needs Ranch: Working Memory And Waiters, Austin D. Yowler May 2019

Table 42 Needs Ranch: Working Memory And Waiters, Austin D. Yowler

Honors Theses

Past literature on waiters as specialists in memory ability focus mainly on short term memory. The encoding and retrieval are vital parts of the process of serving, but the way these studies have operationalized this task have taken the task of waiting tables removed extraneous material present in the daily tasks of a waiter for the purposes of laboratory measurement. During a shift, a server maintains several tasks in their mind and executes them in a very fast pace, sensory stimulating, distracting, environment. Working memory is the ability to maintain accurate information in the face of distraction. This type of ...


As Landscape, Jodi Holmes May 2019

As Landscape, Jodi Holmes

Art Practices MFA Theses

When I was 19, I found my neighbor’s body on his front lawn after he committed suicide. After passing that landscape for years, I began viewing it differently. Landscapes have become for me places that hold pain, anguish, and blood in spite of their outward pastoral appearance. Yet, beauty has a way of being indifferent; the sun continues to shine. How we construct a narrative around a place defines our relationship with the landscape.

My work is an investigation into the relationship between landscape and memory and time’s effect on the intensity of experience. Like Isca Greenfield’s ...


Relocating Home: Second-Generation East African Women's Twitter-Use As Sites Of Homeplace, Identity, And Memory, Beza T. Fekade May 2019

Relocating Home: Second-Generation East African Women's Twitter-Use As Sites Of Homeplace, Identity, And Memory, Beza T. Fekade

African-American Studies Theses

Homeplace, a concept credited to bell hooks (1991), was conceptualized through the practice and resiliency of Black women as they historically transformed the home as a space for reclamation of resistance and freedom. Through digital and social technologies, home is capable of manifesting outside of heteronormative meanings regarding spatiality and assumed gendered roles. This study explores second-generation East African women’s utilization of Twitter as a diasporic tool for homeplace, identity, and memory. This research incorporated a qualitative-phenomenological approach by interviewing ten participants from the ages of 18-26 in the United States, followed by a textual analysis of Twitter. Through ...


Finding Identity Through 'Place': African Retention In African American Poetry, Shelley S. Clopton May 2019

Finding Identity Through 'Place': African Retention In African American Poetry, Shelley S. Clopton

Geosciences Theses

This research explores the geographic concept of place and its relationship to identity in contemporary poetry performances. Identity is the most prominent issue of New World African folklore studies, stemming from problems with race, nationhood, and colonial influences. Moreover, many scholars recognize that there is significantly less discernible African retention in African American folklore compared to other New World African folklore. Thus, this research examines contemporary African American storytelling through observing performances of poetry, a notable representation of folklore, to investigate whether African memory has been mobilized in today’s African American folklore. The qualitative method of nonparticipant observation was ...


Animacy's Effect On Attention And Memory In Humans And Macaques (Macaca Mulatta), Jennifer Johnson May 2019

Animacy's Effect On Attention And Memory In Humans And Macaques (Macaca Mulatta), Jennifer Johnson

Psychology Theses

Understanding what stimuli are naturally salient is important not only for future research designs, but also for understanding underlying cognitive mechanisms that influence memory and attention across species. Previous research has shown that humans show preferential processing of animate over inanimate stimuli. Specifically, humans remember animate stimuli better than inanimate stimuli, and animate stimuli capture attention more quickly than inanimate stimuli (Nairne, Thompson, & Paneirada, 2007; New, Cosmides, & Tooby, 2007). One hypothesis is that this occurs due to evolutionary adapted mechanisms: our ancestors needed to monitor living things more closely because those things are most important to survival. However, few researchers have looked ...