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The Effect Of Patterned Sensory Enhancement On Balance And Ambulation In Persons Diagnosed With Parkinson’S Disease, Brittany Barko Dec 2018

The Effect Of Patterned Sensory Enhancement On Balance And Ambulation In Persons Diagnosed With Parkinson’S Disease, Brittany Barko

Master's Theses

One rehabilitation protocol effective in delaying the symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease (PD) is Lee Silverman Voice Training BIG (LSVT BIG), comprising pre-gait exercises and gait training. This study seeks to determine if combining Patterned Sensory Enhancement (PSE), a music therapy intervention, with LSVT BIG will improve quality of movement. During physical therapy sessions with three participants, a music therapist adapted the PSE stimuli to support each patient’s motor needs, which were then recorded on CD and sent with patients to exercise with at home. Results showed improved balance and ambulation comparing pre- and post- measures of the BERG ...


Music Therapy: Music Sharing Intervention With Acute Adolescents, Nicole Mount May 2018

Music Therapy: Music Sharing Intervention With Acute Adolescents, Nicole Mount

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis explores a music therapy song sharing group method with acute adolescents in community-based acute treatment and partial hospitalization. While there is research on music therapy and acute adolescents, there is a gap in the literature surrounding the topic of acute adolescents participating in music therapy group sessions. Research on music therapy and adolescents focuses on interventions for an outpatient setting and/or a variety of different interventions. There was limited research on inpatient music therapy with adolescents and more research on adult inpatients working with music therapy. The method presented here incorporates sharing personal songs that clients have ...


Music Therapy Methods And Vocalizations: A Look Into One Boy's Process, Brooke Rutstein May 2018

Music Therapy Methods And Vocalizations: A Look Into One Boy's Process, Brooke Rutstein

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This capstone thesis project explores a detail-oriented music therapy approach used to elicit vocalizations and speech for an individual on the autism spectrum. Although there is compelling research on music therapy contributing to speech acquisition for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), the methods discussed in the literature are vague and do not discuss the music itself in detail. Specifics would be helpful in order to allow these methods to be replicable. To explore specific musical elements, I administered five 30-minute music therapy sessions to a 12-year-old boy on the autism spectrum during his school day. During sessions, I measured ...


The Use Of Music Therapy To Develop Speech And Language Skills In Children With A Tracheostomy As A Result Of Premature Birth, Anna Kartstein May 2018

The Use Of Music Therapy To Develop Speech And Language Skills In Children With A Tracheostomy As A Result Of Premature Birth, Anna Kartstein

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This capstone thesis project was created to answer two questions which have remained present throughout my work in early intervention. There is research that supports the positive impact that music therapy has on furthering the development of those dealing with chronic illness and medical attachments. This capstone thesis was created to examine exactly how does music therapy help those born prematurely and how effective are the interventions being conducted. Additionally, this thesis project examines how the work of music therapists in early intervention is processed by the clinicians themselves and how these intense sessions can affect them emotionally. It is ...


Breaking Barriers: Using Music To Create Community In Orphanages, Jessica Maclean May 2018

Breaking Barriers: Using Music To Create Community In Orphanages, Jessica Maclean

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Community Music Therapy is a quickly growing subfield of music therapy that shows positive effects on groups of marginalized people. Although there is a large body of research surrounding the use of Community Music Therapy with some populations, there is little to no research about its use in orphanages. This thesis describes a community engagement project that took place in an orphanage in Vietnam, demonstrating the positive effects of music therapy on the children residing there. Interactive live music was played in the wards the children live on for two weeks and the experiences and results were documented by the ...


A Survey Of Music Therapists Working In Acute Care, Adult Psychiatric Facilities In The United States: Theoretical Orientations And Practices, Jon Reichert May 2018

A Survey Of Music Therapists Working In Acute Care, Adult Psychiatric Facilities In The United States: Theoretical Orientations And Practices, Jon Reichert

Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to investigate the theoretical orientations and practices of music therapists working in acute care, adult psychiatric facilities (ACAPF) across the US. The study utilized quantitative research strategies, employing an online, questionnaire-based survey. Responses were analyzed to determine the music therapists’ primary theoretical orientations, whether there were significant differences among the orientations with respect to demographics, working environments, and approaches/methods, as well as whether there were geographic concentrations of theoretical orientations. Most respondents identified as having a behavioral/cognitive behavioral, humanistic/existential, or psychodynamic theoretical orientation. The survey results indicated statistically significant differences among ...


Music Therapy With Premature Infants And Their Parents In The Nicu Setting, Samantha Martin May 2018

Music Therapy With Premature Infants And Their Parents In The Nicu Setting, Samantha Martin

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

Music therapy research with premature (or pre-term) infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) setting began over 25 years ago, and has expanded to include music therapy with premature infants, music therapy with parents of premature infants, and music therapy with both premature infants and parents combined. This literature review demonstrates the importance of continued research in this field to improve physiological, psychological, social, and behavioral health outcomes for premature infants and their parents. Current music therapy research has established the success of certain music therapy interventions, such as the Pacifier Activated Lullaby (PAL), Rhythm, Breath, Lullaby (RBL), Auditive ...


A Study Of The Effect Of Socio-Cultural Demographics, Health Status, And Use Of Music On Music Preferences, Kaitlin Mckinley Apr 2018

A Study Of The Effect Of Socio-Cultural Demographics, Health Status, And Use Of Music On Music Preferences, Kaitlin Mckinley

Master's Theses

There have been varying studies seeking to find links between a wide range of individuals’ personality, gender, age, or well-being on one’s musical preferences. These studies have brief suggestions of some characteristics, however, the amount of studies are scarce and have limited results to show substantial influence of specific demographics on music preferences. The present study aimed to explore possible similarities between one’s music preferences and the sociocultural background, their use of music in daily life, and their health status. 173 respondents participated in a brief online survey which consisted of rating seven music samples and then followed ...


A Survey Of Perceptions And Professional Boundaries Between Music Therapy And Speech-Language Pathology, Jennifer Rose Fromius Apr 2018

A Survey Of Perceptions And Professional Boundaries Between Music Therapy And Speech-Language Pathology, Jennifer Rose Fromius

Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between music therapists and speech-language pathologists in order to gain a better understanding of professional boundaries within each profession, frequency of co-treatment between the two professions, and perceptions of referral in clinical practice. Data for this research were collected through two online questionnaires with parallel sets of questions, which were distributed to a sample of boardcertified music therapists (MT-BC) and speech-language pathologists (CCC-SLP). Quantitative and qualitative data collected from the survey (N= 283; n = 45 MT-BC, n = 238 CCC-SLP) are analyzed to determine if there are correlations and thematic trends ...


Effect Of Social Feedback On Emotions And Preferences In Music, Megan Dillon Apr 2018

Effect Of Social Feedback On Emotions And Preferences In Music, Megan Dillon

Master's Theses

The purpose of this research project was to investigate whether social feedback had an effect on individuals’ emotional ratings of and preferences in music. The current study recruited 173 participants and was based on a study by Egermann, Grewe, Kopiez, and Altenmüller (2009a) that surveyed individuals on their reactions to music when presented with falsified social feedback. The research hypothesis was that participants who were exposed to manipulated social feedback would report emotional ratings and preferences more closely aligned with the social feedback than when not exposed to the feedback. Results showed significant differences in participants’ reported ratings of music ...


Group-Based Songwriting With Adolescents In A Partial Hospitalization Program, Jonathan Blake Mar 2018

Group-Based Songwriting With Adolescents In A Partial Hospitalization Program, Jonathan Blake

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

The growing field of music therapy aims to help those who suffer from an array of disorders, anxieties, and diagnoses using a wide collection of interventions and activities. Songwriting has been a useful tool for music therapists for many years. Popular interventions that utilize lyric replacement, fill-in-the-blank or Mad Lib style, and improvisational blues songwriting, have been very effective across a range of populations including children, adolescents, and the elderly. This project aims to bridge a gap in the research by implementing an original idea, which I devised, which encouraged clients to engage organically in a group setting. This intervention ...


The Effect Of Thematic Improvisation And Lyric Analysis On Classroom Performance In An Adolescent With A Behavioral/Emotional Disorder, Brandon K. Madsen Jan 2018

The Effect Of Thematic Improvisation And Lyric Analysis On Classroom Performance In An Adolescent With A Behavioral/Emotional Disorder, Brandon K. Madsen

Theses, Dissertations and Culminating Projects

The prevalence of adolescents with emotional or behavioral disorders (EBD) is growing by the year, and schools and diagnostic clinicians are having difficulty agreeing on the definition of the terms and diagnoses that fit into the EBD category. As these discrepancies in definitions and requirements can trickle down and affect treatment, it is important to find lasting, effective treatment that can help reduce disruptive behaviors that are often present for children and adolescents with emotional and behavioral disorders. This study highlighted two music therapy interventions that are designed to focus on emotional identification, goal setting and the therapeutic relationship. The ...


The Role Of Entrainment On An Older Adult’S Stress And Anxiety: A Mixed Methods Study, Francesca Brennan Jan 2018

The Role Of Entrainment On An Older Adult’S Stress And Anxiety: A Mixed Methods Study, Francesca Brennan

Theses & Dissertations

Elderly individuals diagnosed with dementia seem to exhibit similar characteristics; anxiety, depression, isolation, pain, and accumulated stress. it is the desire of this researcher to investigate the role of entrainment on an elderly individuals stress and anxiety. The researcher conducts a mixed method study that evaluates quantitative measures such as heart rate and blood pressure, and qualitative measures through interviews. Overall, the findings lead the researcher to believe that entrainment in music therapy can affect an elderly individuals stress and anxiety in a positive way.


Clinical Intuition In Improvisational Music Therapy: A Phenomenological Study Of The Relationship Between Intuition And Music, Nick Farr Jan 2018

Clinical Intuition In Improvisational Music Therapy: A Phenomenological Study Of The Relationship Between Intuition And Music, Nick Farr

Theses & Dissertations

Intuition is a crucial facet of the creative process and influences the clinical pathways of music therapy treatment. This study sought to explore how music therapists with advanced training in clinical improvisation draw upon intuition while improvising with their clients. There is very little literature about intuition in music therapy improvisation, none of which specifically explores how intuition manifests musically. Through a phenomenological investigation, the lived experiences and musical processes of two clinical improvisers were examined. The research questions for this study were: How does intuition manifest musically while improvising? When is this intuitive information used? How is the informed ...


A Phenomenological Inquiry Into An Autistic Adolescent's Experience In Relationship-Based Music Therapy From The Perspectives Of The Adolescent And Parent, Diana N. Abourafeh Jan 2018

A Phenomenological Inquiry Into An Autistic Adolescent's Experience In Relationship-Based Music Therapy From The Perspectives Of The Adolescent And Parent, Diana N. Abourafeh

Theses & Dissertations

This study explored the essence of relationship-based music therapy through the lens of an autistic adolescent and their parent. Though previous research examines this phenomenon through a parent’s perspective (Corcoran et al., 2015; Thompson & McFerran, 2015; Sorel, 2010, 2004; Warren & Nugent, 2010), the present study supports the neurodiversity paradigm shift through providing opportunities for an autistic participant to speak on his experience. The data sources included two interviews, adolescent and parent, as well as indexes of the music therapy session. A thematic analysis was conducted through collecting and analyzing all data sets. Themes were developed and musical descriptions were used to construct meaning and comprehensively explore the lived experience of the autistic individual in relationship-based music therapy. Themes were constructed for the adolescent, the parent, and then data was synthesized to create collective themes. The findings yielded themes for the adolescent: a) “I can be me!” b) a range of musical-emotional experiences, and c) significant relationships. Themes for the parent included: a) being himself, b) reciprocity and the relationship, and b) growth. The corroborated themes were a) freedom of self, relating to the themes, “I can be me!” and being himself; b) forging meaningful relationships; and c) pride. Relationship-based music therapy is supported by the findings through determining the significance of relationship-based strategies and philosophies to the autistic’s sense of self and experience.


Does Music Therapy Decrease Agitation In Patients With Dementia?, Clinton Billhorn Jan 2018

Does Music Therapy Decrease Agitation In Patients With Dementia?, Clinton Billhorn

Theses and Graduate Projects

Dementia is an encompassing word that includes specific symptoms which alter a patient’s problem-solving ability, decision making capacity, and personality.1 Personality changes, otherwise known as Behavioral and Psychotic Symptoms of Dementia (BPSD) can have negative impacts on caregivers and families. BPSD can include agitation, depression, elation, and hallucinations. Music therapy has been proposed as a non-pharmacologic treatment for BPSD in patients with dementia. This research is intended to identify whether or not music therapy decreases agitation in patients with dementia. Although evidence for efficacy varies, there are no side effects in the literature. Widespread use may provide an ...


An Analysis Of Music Therapy On Improving Social And Communication Skills In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Steven Koehler Jan 2018

An Analysis Of Music Therapy On Improving Social And Communication Skills In Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Steven Koehler

Theses and Graduate Projects

Autism, a diagnosis that has skyrocketed and is worrisome to parents, teachers, clinicians and researchers. Over the past four decades, the rate of children suffering from Autism Spectrum Disorder has grown 10 times and is the fastest growing disability in the US.1,2 Currently, 1 in 68 births are affected by Autism.1 Due to the high prevalence of this disability, researchers are searching for ways to treat the symptoms of this incurable disorder. Music therapy is gaining popularity as an intervention strategy for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).3 This paper will analyze the benefits music therapy ...


Analysis Of The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pain And Anxiety Levels In Pediatric Burn Patients, Maria Cook Jan 2018

Analysis Of The Effects Of Music Therapy On Pain And Anxiety Levels In Pediatric Burn Patients, Maria Cook

Theses and Graduate Projects

Burn injuries resulting in tissue damage are considered one of the most severe traumas that can be experienced. Pain and anxiety continue to be major problems for patients with burn injuries during all stages of the treatment. Proper pain management is essential during recovery because it reduces the chance of developing malnutrition and promotes a stronger immune system. A number of studies have explored the effects of music on pain levels before, during, and after medical procedures for burn patients. Few studies have examined the effects of music therapy in the population of pediatric burn patients. Many studies have shown ...


The Correlation Of Classical, Jazz, And Pop Music To A Reduction Of Dental Anxiety Experienced By Adult Patients, Heather Wright Jan 2018

The Correlation Of Classical, Jazz, And Pop Music To A Reduction Of Dental Anxiety Experienced By Adult Patients, Heather Wright

Undergraduate Honors Thesis Collection

This study explored whether passive music listening caused a decrease in dental anxiety experienced by adult dental hygiene patients and whether there was a difference between genres of music: classical, jazz or pop. This study also looked at the effect of song familiarity and patient music preference on any decrease in anxiety. I worked with sixty adult patients, who were randomly assigned to listen to classical, jazz, pop, or no music at all. Each patient took a dental anxiety survey before and after their teeth cleaning. These surveys were based on the Modified Corah Dental Anxiety Scale. Music was selected ...


Music Therapists’ Experiences With Clients With Autism Spectrum Disorder Who Use Augmentative And Alternative Communication, Sara Elizabeth Finnie Jan 2018

Music Therapists’ Experiences With Clients With Autism Spectrum Disorder Who Use Augmentative And Alternative Communication, Sara Elizabeth Finnie

Theses and Dissertations--Music

Music therapists frequently work with clients with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) who use Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC). The purpose of this study was to gather information on music therapists’ current experiences with AAC training as well as music therapists’ perceptions of their own communication abilities when communicating with clients who have ASD using their preferred AAC system. The researcher invited 7,279 board-certified music therapists to participate in this study via email, of which 366 completed the survey. Participants reported most often providing services to children and adolescents with ASD, and frequently using electronic AAC and electronic apps with ...