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Theses/Dissertations

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

2003

Clinical.

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An Empirically Derived Typology Of Behaviour Problems Based On Parent Ratings Of Preschool Children., Mohsan R. Beg Jan 2003

An Empirically Derived Typology Of Behaviour Problems Based On Parent Ratings Of Preschool Children., Mohsan R. Beg

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current study was to build upon prior efforts to produce a meaningful typology of preschool children's behaviour problems. Distinct empirically-derived subtypes were identified through the use of cluster analytic techniques and the reliability and validity of generated subtypes was tested. Archival data were collected on a sample of 268 children, aged 2 1/2 to 5-years old, who were referred for an initial screening to determine their suitability for an Assessment/Day treatment program within a preschool children's mental health centre. Parents of the referred children had completed the Parent Rating Scales for Preschool ...


An Examination Of Health-Related Quality Of Life For Individuals With Hiv-Infection., Aiko. Yamamoto Jan 2003

An Examination Of Health-Related Quality Of Life For Individuals With Hiv-Infection., Aiko. Yamamoto

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the improvements in morbidity and mortality as a result of new antiretroviral treatments, the examination of health related quality of life (HRQOL) has become an important consideration of client care. This study was a 15-month prospective examination of the underlying factor structure, test-retest reliability, and clinical utility of the widely used Medical Outcomes Study-HIV HRQOL instrument (MOS-HIV). Factor analysis of the MOS-HIV Physical Function, Role Function, Pain, Social Function, Overall Health, Fatigue, Cognitive Function, Health Distress, Quality of Life, and Mental Health dimensions resulted in mental health (MHS) and physical health (PHS) summary factors. Analysis of the individual MOS-HIV ...


Young Adult Parasuicidal Behaviour, Problematic Love Relationships, And Shame., Michael Edward Anthony. Oosterhoff Jan 2003

Young Adult Parasuicidal Behaviour, Problematic Love Relationships, And Shame., Michael Edward Anthony. Oosterhoff

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to address the absence of psychological theory explaining the nature of young adult parasuicide by moving beyond the generic demographic and epidemiological correlates and developing a more focussed and practically viable conception of the psychological processes involved. Three hundred twenty-seven young adults (ages 18--25) were recruited to develop this psychological conception. Building upon past investigation that demonstrated problematic romantic and family relationships were related to depression and suicidal behaviour in young adults, this current research examined three additional developmentally relevant variables. These variables, shame, self diversity, and interpersonal dependence, are conceptually linked with the ...


The Effect Of Depression On Memory Performance Following Traumatic Brain Injury., Michelle Anne. Keiski Jan 2003

The Effect Of Depression On Memory Performance Following Traumatic Brain Injury., Michelle Anne. Keiski

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current study was to compare the memory performance of depressed TBI subjects and non-depressed TBI subjects. The hypothesis was that differences between the groups would emerge on the recall and/or recognition components of the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) and the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT), after covarying a composite score reflecting neuropsychological impairment. The neuropsychological test results of 76 subjects who had sustained mild to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) were obtained retrospectively. The subjects were classified as depressed or non-depressed on the basis of depression scores on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI). The ...


Comparing Wais-Iii Profiles Of Traumatic Brain Injury And Chronic Pain., Cherisse Margo. Mckay Jan 2003

Comparing Wais-Iii Profiles Of Traumatic Brain Injury And Chronic Pain., Cherisse Margo. Mckay

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common neuropsychological phenomenon characterized by both behavioural and cognitive sequelae, the most common of which include working memory and information processing deficits. To improve its usefulness as a neuropsychological measure, the newest revision of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, the WAIS-III, developed specific tasks tapping these deficits (e.g., Symbol Search, Letter-Number Sequencing). Despite considerable research examining WAIS performance in TBI sufferers, previous research failed to compare TBI sufferers to other clinical groups with observed processing speed deficits, such as chronic pain sufferers. This study compared the WAIS-III profiles of both mild and moderate-severe ...


Attachment, Individuation, And Perceptions Of Early Caregiver Relationships Among Suicidal And Non-Suicidal Adolescents., David Michael. Ledgerwood Jan 2003

Attachment, Individuation, And Perceptions Of Early Caregiver Relationships Among Suicidal And Non-Suicidal Adolescents., David Michael. Ledgerwood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to investigate how attachment, individuation, perceptions of family life, and family related experiences and relationships contribute to our understanding of suicidal ideation and attempt in adolescents. Adolescent volunteers (N = 153, 98 female and 55 male) recruited from four youth centers in Southwestern Ontario participated in a survey. Participants completed a series of questionnaires consisting of questions about early experiences (e.g., close relationships, abuse, addiction, suicide history), attachment in romantic relationships, emotional autonomy from parents, relationship with parents, perceptions of family life, depression and suicidal ideation. Results revealed significant differences based on suicide history (i.e., past ...


Motivational Versus Directive Interventions In The Treatment Of Eating Disorders: Adolescents' Perspectives., Shannon Lorraine. Zaitsoff Jan 2003

Motivational Versus Directive Interventions In The Treatment Of Eating Disorders: Adolescents' Perspectives., Shannon Lorraine. Zaitsoff

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Few studies have examined readiness and motivation for change in adolescents with eating disorders, or the effectiveness of motivational interventions in this population. Purposes. To examine the perceptions of adolescents' with eating disorders toward written descriptions of motivational and directive interventions in relation to engagement in treatment, and how these perceptions relate to adolescents' own readiness and motivation for change. To explore factors that adolescents with eating disorders identify as important in influencing engagement in therapy. Methods. Thirty-nine female adolescents recruited from eating disorder programs participated in this research. Participants were interviewed using hypothetical vignettes depicting motivational and directive interventions ...