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Reducing Nutrient Loss: Science Shows What Works, C. A. J. Thompson, Matthew J. Helmers, Thomas M. Isenhart, John D. Lawrence Sep 2014

Reducing Nutrient Loss: Science Shows What Works, C. A. J. Thompson, Matthew J. Helmers, Thomas M. Isenhart, John D. Lawrence

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Iowa has been working for decades to protect and improve water quality. However, progress measured toward reduction targets at the watershed scale has been challenging, and many complex nutrient-related impacts in Iowa’s lakes, reservoirs, and streams remain to be addressed. The Iowa Nutrient Reduction Strategy is a science and technology-based framework to assess and reduce nutrients to Iowa waters and the Gulf of Mexico. It directs efforts to reduce nutrients in surface water from both point and nonpoint sources in a scientific, reasonable, and cost-effective manner.


Manure Storage & Handling—Aeration Overview, Daniel S. Andersen, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz Sep 2014

Manure Storage & Handling—Aeration Overview, Daniel S. Andersen, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Aeration is the process of mixing air into the manure to promote the growth of aerobic bacteria. Oxygen must be supplied either naturally, mechanically through mixing, or using oxygen diffusion systems. This technology can provide dramatic odor reduction from livestock waste management facilities, but has not found frequent application in agriculture due to intensive energy use and resulting added utility costs.

This fact sheet is part of the Air Management Practices Assessment Tool (AMPAT) developed at Iowa State University and funded by the National Pork Board. Additional resources can be found on the AMPAT web page at: www.agronext.iastate ...


Farm Energy: Case Studies—Tractor Fuel Consumption At Nashua, H. Mark Hanna, Dana D. Schweitzer Apr 2014

Farm Energy: Case Studies—Tractor Fuel Consumption At Nashua, H. Mark Hanna, Dana D. Schweitzer

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

A recent case study at the Iowa State University Northeast Research and Demonstration Farm looked at techniques such as shifting to a higher gear and pulling back on the tractor's throttle as a way to reduce fuel consumption on Iowa farms.


Animal Housing—Barriers Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz Apr 2014

Animal Housing—Barriers Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Barriers can be used to address dust and odor coming from animal housing. Barriers, or “windbreak walls” are used downwind of fans to reduce forward momentum of airflow, settle out dust particles, and push the exiting plume higher into the atmosphere.


Animal Housing—Chimney Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz Mar 2014

Animal Housing—Chimney Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

The use of chimneys in animal housing systems can elevate odors and increase dispersion with increased wind speed and air turbulence at higher elevations.

This fact sheet is part of the Air Management Practices Assessment Tool (AMPAT) developed at Iowa State University and funded by the National Pork Board. Additional resources can be found on the AMPAT web page at: www.agronext.iastate.edu/ampat


Animal Housing—Biofilters Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz Mar 2014

Animal Housing—Biofilters Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Biofilters are used on mechanically ventilated livestock buildings to treat the ventilation air. A bed of biological material, normally wood chips, is created and the ventilation air flows through the material. Gases are absorbed by cultures of microbes that develop in the bed.

This fact sheet is part of the Air Management Practices Assessment Tool (AMPAT) developed at Iowa State University and funded by the National Pork Board. Additional resources can be found on the AMPAT web page at: www.agronext.iastate.edu/ampat


Animal Housing—Electrostatic Precipitation Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz Mar 2014

Animal Housing—Electrostatic Precipitation Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Electrostatic precipitation can be used to reduce emissions, odor and dust from animal housing. Electrostatic systems work by imparting a negative charge on dust particles, causing them to stick to grounded surfaces such as gates, floors and walls.

This fact sheet is part of the Air Management Practices Assessment Tool (AMPAT) developed at Iowa State University and funded by the National Pork Board. Additional resources can be found on the AMPAT web page at: www.agronext.iastate.edu/ampat


Animal Housing—Dietary Manipulation Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz Mar 2014

Animal Housing—Dietary Manipulation Overview, Jay D. Harmon, Steven J. Hoff, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

This fact sheet features diet manipulation as a management practice to address odor and emissions coming from animal housing and manure storage systems. Reducing nutrients in manure can lead to reductions in emissions. Reducing nutrients in manure is broken into two main areas, nutrient input reduction and nutrient form modification. This fact sheet describes both methods.

This fact sheet is part of the Air Management Practices Assessment Tool (AMPAT) developed at Iowa State University and funded by the National Pork Board. Additional resources can be found on the AMPAT web page at: www.agronext.iastate.edu/ampat


Consider The Possibility Of Reduced Tillage After Biomass Harvest, H. Mark Hanna Jan 2014

Consider The Possibility Of Reduced Tillage After Biomass Harvest, H. Mark Hanna

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Find options for handling the increased cornstalk residue that results from increased corn grain yields. Options such as aggressive tillage, no-till, strip-till, and removal of harvested corn stover are examined according to various economic and environmental factors.