Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 20 of 20

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

Lessons Learned From The Canadian Cattle Industry: National Animal Identification And The Mad Cow, John D. Lawrence, Daryl R. Strohbehn, Daniel D. Loy, Reginald J. Clause Oct 2003

Lessons Learned From The Canadian Cattle Industry: National Animal Identification And The Mad Cow, John D. Lawrence, Daryl R. Strohbehn, Daniel D. Loy, Reginald J. Clause

MATRIC Research Papers

Canada implemented a national cattle identification system, led and developed by the industry. Initially a voluntary program beginning in July 2001, it became mandatory in July 2002 and achieved 92-95 percent compliance by that fall. The costs to develop and initiate the system were low; animals are tagged before leaving the farm of origin and the tags are read when the animal dies or is exported. The national identification system did not protect Canadian cattle from a sole case of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or Mad Cow Disease, found in the spring of 2003, but it did help speed and ...


Air Quality And Animal Agriculture, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz, Jeffery C. Lorimor, Wendy J. Powers, Hongwei Xin Mar 2003

Air Quality And Animal Agriculture, Angela M. Rieck-Hinz, Jeffery C. Lorimor, Wendy J. Powers, Hongwei Xin

Agriculture and Environment Extension Publications

Air quality and potential gaseous emission from animal feeding operations (AFOs) are a concern among Iowans. Rural residents are concerned with odors and emissions from AFOs that may affect their health, property values, and the environment. Livestock producers are concerned with possible effects on their own family members and employees, the environment, and the health and productivity of the livestock.


Warm-Season Grass Pasture Improvements With Legume Mixtures, I. S. Braden, Kenneth J. Moore, M. Peter Hoffman, James Gertsma Jan 2003

Warm-Season Grass Pasture Improvements With Legume Mixtures, I. S. Braden, Kenneth J. Moore, M. Peter Hoffman, James Gertsma

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Pastures in Iowa consist mostly of cool-season grasses. A combination of warm-season grass and cool-season grass would improve overall efficiency of forage growth available for livestock production. The addition of legumes can improve the overall efficiency of pastures because the legumes in the warm-season grass mixtures can help to improve forage quality and reduce the nitrogen fertilizer needed.


Use Of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 To Improve Beef Tenderness, Aimee Wertz, Donald C. Beitz, Allen H. Trenkle, Travis J. Knight, Ronald L. Horst, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Frederick C. Parrish Jr. Jan 2003

Use Of 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 To Improve Beef Tenderness, Aimee Wertz, Donald C. Beitz, Allen H. Trenkle, Travis J. Knight, Ronald L. Horst, Elisabeth J. Huff-Lonergan, Frederick C. Parrish Jr.

Beef Research Report, 2003

Feeding the 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH D3) metabolite of vitamin D3 has been reported to improve beef tenderness and result in lower vitamin D3 metabolite concentrations in meat. Because 25-OH D3 remains elevated in plasma for at least 8 d subsequent to feeding, we believe that 25-OH D3 can be fed as a one-time oral bolus and allow a flexible time frame for harvest with the same improvement in postmortem calcium-dependent proteolysis and beef tenderness. To test this hypothesis, 108 crossbred steers were allotted, six steers per pen to 18 pens and treatments were assigned randomly to pen. Treatments were 25-OH ...


Effect Of Ghrelin Injection On Blood And Body Composition In Rats, Michelle M. Bohan, Travis J. Knight, Aimee Wertz, Allen H. Trenkle, Donald C. Beitz Jan 2003

Effect Of Ghrelin Injection On Blood And Body Composition In Rats, Michelle M. Bohan, Travis J. Knight, Aimee Wertz, Allen H. Trenkle, Donald C. Beitz

Beef Research Report, 2003

Ghrelin has been reported to cause hyperglycemia in humans and adiposity in rodents. The objective of trial one was to test the effects of ghrelin on blood and body composition in rats. The objective of trial two was to evaluate the effect of two doses of ghrelin on blood and body composition. Trial One: Adult male Sprague Dawley rats were administered 1 μg/rat ghrelin in 0.15 M NaCl or vehicle (0.15 M NaCl) every morning for 30 days. The terminal blood sample was analyzed for glucose, urea nitrogen, and nonesterified fatty acids concentrations. The carcasses were analyzed ...


Effects Of Dietary Energy Density On Diet And Nutrient Digestibility In Beef Cattle Diets, Claudio C. Ribeiro-Filho, Allen H. Trenkle, Daniel D. Loy Jan 2003

Effects Of Dietary Energy Density On Diet And Nutrient Digestibility In Beef Cattle Diets, Claudio C. Ribeiro-Filho, Allen H. Trenkle, Daniel D. Loy

Beef Research Report, 2003

Steers were fed diets containing energy concentrations of 2.4, 2.7, or 3.0 Mcal of ME/kg of DM to evaluate nutrient and diet digestibility and to determine the existence of associative effects when feeding diets with varying forage and concentrate ratios. The steers were placed in metabolism crates for total fecal collection. Dry matter digestibility was higher for diets with greater energy density. The 2.7 Mcal/kg diet showed a small negative associative effect on digestibility and the non-fiber carbohydrate fraction was the nutrient that had an inhibition on digestion. The results indicated that diets varying ...


Evaluation Of Individual Feed Intake, Body Composition, And Performance Of Performance-Tested Angus Bulls During A 14-Year Period, Claudio C. Ribeiro-Filho, Daniel D. Loy, Allen H. Trenkle, W. Darrell Busby Jan 2003

Evaluation Of Individual Feed Intake, Body Composition, And Performance Of Performance-Tested Angus Bulls During A 14-Year Period, Claudio C. Ribeiro-Filho, Daniel D. Loy, Allen H. Trenkle, W. Darrell Busby

Beef Research Report, 2003

Two hundred fifty-five purebred Angus bulls had their performance tested by the Wardens Farm in Council Bluffs, Iowa over a 14-year period. The bulls feed intake was recorded individually, and performance and ultrasound measurements were determined. Performance and body composition data were used to estimate required feed intake by Perry and Fox (1997) model, and estimated and observed DMI were compared. Average estimated DMI was 25.84 lbs/day and average observed Dry Matter Intake (DMI) was 24.93 lbs/day. The results indicated that the model is promising in estimating feed intake of purebred Angus bulls, but a few ...


Effects Of Dietary Energy Density And Frame Size On Performance And Body Composition Of Feedlot Steers, Claudio C. Ribeiro-Filho, Allen H. Trenkle, Daniel D. Loy Jan 2003

Effects Of Dietary Energy Density And Frame Size On Performance And Body Composition Of Feedlot Steers, Claudio C. Ribeiro-Filho, Allen H. Trenkle, Daniel D. Loy

Beef Research Report, 2003

Thirty-six steers were sorted by frame size and individually fed diets containing 2.4, 2.7, or 3.0 Mcal of ME/kg of DM to evaluate the effects of dietary energy density and animal frame size on performance and body composition. Frame size did not have an effect on performance or body composition. Steers fed the 2.4 or 2.7 Mcal/kg diet had a higher feed intake than those fed the 3.0 Mcal/kg diet, but they were less efficient. The results indicated that steers fed the diet with higher energy concentration deposited more fat earlier ...


Effects Of Grazing Management On Pasture Production And Phosphorus Content Of Forage (A Progress Report), Mathew M. Haan, James R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, John L. Kovar, Richard C. Schultz Jan 2003

Effects Of Grazing Management On Pasture Production And Phosphorus Content Of Forage (A Progress Report), Mathew M. Haan, James R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, John L. Kovar, Richard C. Schultz

Beef Research Report, 2003

In spring 2001, pastures were grazed at the ISU Rhodes Research and Demonstration Farm to determine the effects of grazing management on pasture productivity and phosphorus (P) content of forage. Treatments included an ungrazed control, summer hay harvest with winter stockpiled grazing, continuous stocking to a residual height of 2 inches, rotational stocking to a residual height of 2 inches, and rotational stocking to a residual height of 4 inches. Forage production was greatest in June and July, decreased in August, and had a slight rebound in September and October before going dormant in November. Phosphorus concentration of forage was ...


The Effects Of Direct-Fed Microbials On Feedlot Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Steers Fed Wet Corn Gluten Feed, Allen H. Trenkle Jan 2003

The Effects Of Direct-Fed Microbials On Feedlot Performance And Carcass Characteristics Of Finishing Steers Fed Wet Corn Gluten Feed, Allen H. Trenkle

Beef Research Report, 2003

This experiment was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of daily feeding a live microbial preparation containing live organisms fed to finishing cattle. Additions of live organisms to the rumen are thought to improve the fermentation and overall digestion. Three strains of a lactobacillus and a propionibacterium were studied in this experiment. The study was conducted with Angus steers with an average initial weight of 625 lbs and fed a finishing diet containing on a dry basis 30% wet corn gluten feed, 60% rolled corn, 8% chopped hay and 2% supplement for 174 days. Feeding the microbial product being marketed for ...


Effects Of Corn Crop Residue Grazing On Soil Physical Properties And Subsequent Soybean Production In A Corn–Soybean Crop Rotation, Justin Clark, James R. Russell, Douglas Karlen, W. Darrell Busby, Brian Peterson, Larry Pellack, Dallas L. Maxwell Jan 2003

Effects Of Corn Crop Residue Grazing On Soil Physical Properties And Subsequent Soybean Production In A Corn–Soybean Crop Rotation, Justin Clark, James R. Russell, Douglas Karlen, W. Darrell Busby, Brian Peterson, Larry Pellack, Dallas L. Maxwell

Beef Research Report, 2003

For three years beginning in 1999, a 96-acre field near Atlantic, Iowa was used to study the effects of corn residue grazing by beef cows on soil characteristics and soybean yields in subsequent years. Each winter, cows were allowed to graze corn crop residues inside selected paddocks in four sub-fields over five monthly periods. To compare the effects of grazing, one paddock was left as an ungrazed control. At the end of grazing in the spring, soil bulk density, moisture content, and penetration resistance were measured inside and 15 ft outside twelve grazing exclosures in each paddock. Soil surface roughness ...


Feedlot Performance Of Cattle Program Fed Supplemental Protein, Allen H. Trenkle, K. Barrett Jan 2003

Feedlot Performance Of Cattle Program Fed Supplemental Protein, Allen H. Trenkle, K. Barrett

Beef Research Report, 2003

One hundred sixty eight 12 to 13 month-old steers weighing 740 lbs were allotted to 28 pens. Seven pens were allotted to each of four programs for providing supplemental protein. The programs were I: Continuous supplementation with soybean meal (12.4% crude protein), II: Continuous supplementation with urea (11.7% crude protein), III: Feeding supplemental soybean meal (12.4% crude protein) and changing to urea supplementation (11.7% crude protein) at 42 days and IV: Feeding supplemental soybean meal (12.4% crude protein), changing to urea (11.7% crude protein) at 42 days followed by decreasing the concentration of supplemental ...


Effects Of Grazing Management On Sediment And Phosphorus Losses In Run-Off (A Progress Report), Mathew M. Haan, James R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, John L. Kovar, Richard C. Schultz Jan 2003

Effects Of Grazing Management On Sediment And Phosphorus Losses In Run-Off (A Progress Report), Mathew M. Haan, James R. Russell, Wendy J. Powers, Steven K. Mickelson, Syed I. Ahmed, John L. Kovar, Richard C. Schultz

Beef Research Report, 2003

In 2001 and 2002, pastures at the ISU Rhodes Research and Demonstration Farm were grazed to determine the effects of stocking treatment on nutrient and sediment loss from pastureland. Treatments included an ungrazed control (UG), summer hay harvest with winter stockpiled grazing (HS), continuous stocking to a residual height of 2 inches (2C), rotational stocking to a residual height of 2 inches (2R), and rotational stocking to a residual height of 4 inches (4R). At three times in 2001 (late spring, mid-summer, and fall) and four times in 2002 (early spring, late spring, mid-summer, and fall), rainfall simulations were conducted ...


Integration Of Cool- And Warm-Season Grass Pasturing Systems Into Cattle Finishing Programs, M. Peter Hoffman, Wayne B. Roush Jan 2003

Integration Of Cool- And Warm-Season Grass Pasturing Systems Into Cattle Finishing Programs, M. Peter Hoffman, Wayne B. Roush

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

In a previous report (ISRF01-10), we reported on a study that demonstrated that fall-born steer calves pastured on bromegrass for either portions of or all of the grazing season and then finished in drylot, outperformed calves placed directly into the feedlot in terms of profit/head at harvest. Areas consisting of highly productive soils, interdispersed with highly erodible land, are well suited for this kind of production practice. Production systems of this nature are quite consistent with the concepts of sustainable agriculture. In an effort to capture more grazing potential, it was decided to incorporate warmseason grasses into the pasture ...


Sow And Litter Performance Of Individual Crate And Group Hoop Barn Gestation Housing Systems: A Progress Report, Mark S. Honeyman, Colin Johnson Jan 2003

Sow And Litter Performance Of Individual Crate And Group Hoop Barn Gestation Housing Systems: A Progress Report, Mark S. Honeyman, Colin Johnson

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

The effects of swine gestation housing on sow and litter performance were evaluated at the Iowa State University Lauren Christian Swine Research and Demonstration Farm near Atlantic, IA. The gestation housing systems were 1) individual gestation crates in a mechanically ventilated, partially slatted floor, manure flush confinement building (CRATE); and 2) group pens in deep-bedded, naturally ventilated hoop structures (HOOP). The HOOP sows were fed in individual feed stalls. The sow genotypes were 1/4 Hampshire x 1/2 Yorkshire x 1/4 Landrace. Farrowing occurred every 2 weeks throughout the year.


Sheep Research Flock, Daniel G. Morrical Jan 2003

Sheep Research Flock, Daniel G. Morrical

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

The McNay sheep research flock was established in 1989 when the flock was relocated from the Beaconsfield research farm. Currently, the flock is composed of 200 white-faced, prolific crossbred ewes. Past work has demonstrated the management needed for an intensive lambing schedule with commercial flocks in Iowa. This flock accomplished over 70% accelerated lambing. One area of research that dramatically improved spring conception rates was light priming of the rams during the four months prior to breeding.


Triticale—A Possible Third Crop For Iowa, Lance R. Gibson, Mark S. Honeyman, Lyle T. Rossiter, Wayne B. Roush Jan 2003

Triticale—A Possible Third Crop For Iowa, Lance R. Gibson, Mark S. Honeyman, Lyle T. Rossiter, Wayne B. Roush

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Triticale (trit-ah-kay-lee) is a close relative of wheat that results from pollinating durum wheat with rye pollen, and then using that cross in a breeding program to produce stable, self-replicating varieties. Triticale yield, stress tolerance, and disease resistance are greater than that of wheat. Triticale doesn’t currently possess the grain traits of bread wheat, so its greatest marketing potential is as animal feed.


Oat-Based Diets For Market Pigs In Deep-Bedded Hoop Barns, Mark S. Honeyman, Zebblin M. Sullivan, Wayne B. Roush Jan 2003

Oat-Based Diets For Market Pigs In Deep-Bedded Hoop Barns, Mark S. Honeyman, Zebblin M. Sullivan, Wayne B. Roush

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

Diets with more fiber, or a lower energy density, may offset the increased feed intake of pigs in hoops and result in leaner pigs. Oats have more fiber and less energy than corn. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of oats in diets on the performance of finishing pigs in deep-bedded hoop barns.


Niman Ranch Pork And The Isu Allee Farm: A Case Study, Joe Hermann, Mark S. Honeyman Jan 2003

Niman Ranch Pork And The Isu Allee Farm: A Case Study, Joe Hermann, Mark S. Honeyman

Iowa State Research Farm Progress Reports

In 1994, Paul Willis, a hog farmer from northern Iowa, was introduced to Bill Niman, a specialty food supplier in the San Francisco area. After 1 year Willis’ farm was the sole source of Niman Ranch pork. Demand grew. Producers from Iowa set up a 50/50 joint venture and in 1998 created Niman Ranch Pork Company. Niman Ranch Pork now supplies meat for Niman McConnell (Oakland, CA), who distributes to hundreds of restaurants and retailers nationwide. Niman Ranch Pork (Thornton, IA) buys pigs from 210 producers in Iowa and neighboring states. A premium of $6.00/cwt live is ...


Use Of Molecular Markers To Determine Parentage In Multiple Sire Pastures, Artur J.M. Rosa, Emilie Schafhouser, Abebe T. Hassen, Gene H. Rouse, Doyle E. Wilson, James M. Reecy Jan 2003

Use Of Molecular Markers To Determine Parentage In Multiple Sire Pastures, Artur J.M. Rosa, Emilie Schafhouser, Abebe T. Hassen, Gene H. Rouse, Doyle E. Wilson, James M. Reecy

Beef Research Report, 2003

The purpose of this research was to determine the parentage of animals generated by multiple sire technique. Test of paternity was performed on 63 Angus animals, belonging to 29 families within the Rhodes breeding project, using multiplexed microsatellites. Paternity was determined for 23 families. One of the two possible sires was excluded with multiple markers for 19 families and with a single marker for four families. One of the possible sires was excluded for two families but DNA was not available for the other possible sire. Thus it wasn’t possible to confirm paternity. Four families had both possible sires ...