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Iowa State University

Life Sciences

Richard C. Schultz

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Effects Of Three Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi On Sweetgum Seedlings From Nine Mother Trees, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, William C. Bryan Jun 1981

Effects Of Three Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi On Sweetgum Seedlings From Nine Mother Trees, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, William C. Bryan

Richard C. Schultz

Soil in microplots was infested with three vesicular-arbuscular (VA) symbionts then sown with seed of half-sib progeny from nine sweetgum mother trees. The VA treatments were Glomus fasciculatus, Glomus spp. (a mixture containing both Glomus mosseae and Glomus etunicatus), or a VA mixture of several fungi from the genera Glomus and Gigaspora. Before the seed was sown, all plots had calcium standardized and received an application of commercial fertilizer. During the growing season, NH4NO3 was applied to all plots in equal portions. Mycorrhizal seedlings with G. fasciculatus were slightly but not significantly larger in both height and root-collar diameter than ...


Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Influence Growth But Not Mineral Concentrations In Seedlings Of Eight Sweetgum Families, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, W. Craig Bryan, G. H. Brister Jun 1979

Vesicular-Arbuscular Mycorrhiza Influence Growth But Not Mineral Concentrations In Seedlings Of Eight Sweetgum Families, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, W. Craig Bryan, G. H. Brister

Richard C. Schultz

Seedlings of eight half-sib sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua L.) families were grown for 6 months in a fumigated soil mixture, with or without inoculum from a mixture of Glomus mosseae and Glomus etunicatus fungi, at levels of 140, 280, 560, and 1120 kg/ha of 10-10-10 fertilizer. All seedlings received three additions of 187 kg/ha of N during the growing season. Inoculated seedlings had significantly greater biomass, height, and stem diameters at each fertilizer level than nonmycorrhizal control seedlings. Significant differences in growth occurred between families in mycorrhizal plants. However, fertilizer did not significantly affect growth or nutrient uptake of ...


Influence Of Endomycorrhizae On Growth Of Sweetgum Seedlings From Eight Mother Trees, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, William C. Bryan Dec 1977

Influence Of Endomycorrhizae On Growth Of Sweetgum Seedlings From Eight Mother Trees, Richard C. Schultz, Paul P. Kormanik, William C. Bryan

Richard C. Schultz

Sweetgum seedlings from eight mother trees were grown in fumigated soil with or without the endomycorrhizal fungus Glomus mosseae at four levels of soil fertility for one growing season in nursery microplots. Nonmycorrhizal seedlings of all families died or failed to exceed 5 cm in height regardless of soil fertility. Endomycorrhizal seedlings suffered little mortality, averaged about 36 cm in height, and fertility level did not significantly influence their biomass. These results demonstrate that to increase the percentage of plantable seedlings in nurseries sweetgum seedlings must be endomycorrhizal. The data further suggests that adequate endomycorrhizal inoculum in nursery beds can ...