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Minecraft As A Tool For Engaging Children In Urban Planning: A Case Study In Tirol Town, Brazil, Bruno De Andrade, Alenka Poplin, Ítalo Sousa De Sena Mar 2020

Minecraft As A Tool For Engaging Children In Urban Planning: A Case Study In Tirol Town, Brazil, Bruno De Andrade, Alenka Poplin, Ítalo Sousa De Sena

Community and Regional Planning Publications

The purpose of this paper is to explore the potential of Minecraft’s game environment for urban planning with older and younger children in a public school in Tirol town, Brazil. Minecraft is employed as an innovative tool to tackle the present lack of engagement and involvement of key societal actors such as children and young people in urban planning. Thus, how can games support children to co-design their future city? Which heritage values do they represent graphically in the game environment? Geogames are games that provide a visualization of a real spatial context and in this study, Minecraft is ...


The Role Of Nostalgia In Retro Sewing, Charity S. Armstead, Ellen C. Mckinney Dec 2019

The Role Of Nostalgia In Retro Sewing, Charity S. Armstead, Ellen C. Mckinney

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This article explores the role of nostalgia as a motivation for retro sewing and the ways in which nostalgia shapes the practices of retro sewing. Retro sewers circumvent typical models of clothing consumption by opting out of the commercial fashion cycle, and instead creating clothing for everyday use that replicates or is inspired by styles from the past. As such, the practice of retro sewing is inextricably linked to one or more of the many forms of nostalgia. Previous studies on consumers and nostalgia have not considered the full breadth of how consumers interact with nostalgia. This article explains what ...


Self-Determination Through Circus Arts: Exploring Youth Development In A Novel Activity Context, Jennifer P. Agans, Jacqueline L. Davis, Spyridoula Vazou, Tal Jarus Sep 2019

Self-Determination Through Circus Arts: Exploring Youth Development In A Novel Activity Context, Jennifer P. Agans, Jacqueline L. Davis, Spyridoula Vazou, Tal Jarus

Kinesiology Publications

Youth development takes place in many contexts, with different resulting participant outcomes. Broadening the scope of research to include non-traditional contexts such as youth circus arts programs, which are both similar to and different from other out-of-school-time contexts, may promote better understanding of the ways in which these programs impact youth development. The present study examined the prevalence of support for basic psychological needs and positive developmental outcomes among youth circus program participants. Single time-point quantitative surveys were completed by 111 youth members of the American Youth Circus Organization (62% female), ranging in age from 10 to 21. Results indicated ...


Why Do They Sew? Women’S Motivations To Sew Clothing For Themselves, Addie Martindale, Ellen C. Mckinney Aug 2019

Why Do They Sew? Women’S Motivations To Sew Clothing For Themselves, Addie Martindale, Ellen C. Mckinney

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Garment sewing is undergoing a resurgence in participation, with a growing number of women choosing to sew their clothing instead of buying readily available fast fashion. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand the current motivations of an ethnically diverse sample of women who sew garments for themselves. The in-depth interview data from 15 interviews revealed personal fulfillment to be the overarching reason for participation. Personal fulfillment was achieved through main emergent themes of investment, control, and empowerment with 10 subthemes. Theoretical perspectives of prosumerism, craft and do-it-yourself consumption, and uses and gratification theory were applied to the ...


Efficacy Of Shoes And Boots In Preventing Motorcycle-Related Ankle Inversion., Justin T. Wilder, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Jason C. Gillette Jul 2019

Efficacy Of Shoes And Boots In Preventing Motorcycle-Related Ankle Inversion., Justin T. Wilder, Mitchell L. Stephenson, Jason C. Gillette

Kinesiology Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

The current investigation explored the potential prophylactic effects of shoes, work boots, and motorcycle boots in reducing ankle inversion associated with ankle sprain. While the majority of previous research has investigated the effects of protective equipment in crashes, rates of lower extremity loading in emergency stop contexts are comparable to jump landings and may induce frontal plane loading that could lead to ankle injury. Fifteen adults wore athletic shoes, work boots, and motorcycle boots in a motorcycle drop task. Motorcycle boots significantly (p = 0.03) decreased peak ankle inversion angles by 3.6 degrees, but also increased (p < 0.01) vertical ground reaction forces by 0.21 bodyweights compared to the other shod conditions. Overall, it is suggested that motorcycle boots can potentially protect motorcycle riders from both crash-based and emergency-stop injuries.


Family Legacy Of Diabetes-Related Behaviors: An Exploration Of The Experiences Of African American Parents And Adult Children, Brianna Routh, Tera R. Hurt, Donna M. Winham, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster Apr 2019

Family Legacy Of Diabetes-Related Behaviors: An Exploration Of The Experiences Of African American Parents And Adult Children, Brianna Routh, Tera R. Hurt, Donna M. Winham, Lorraine Lanningham-Foster

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

African Americans are at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), and this risk may be influenced by familial experiences and cultural norms throughout the life course. This led us to conduct this study of 20 African American families with strong histories of T2DM to explore familial complexities that prevent or help manage diabetic symptoms. Experiences were analyzed inductively through individual family profiles created using content-analytic summaries. When profiles were further analyzed for emerging and theoretically informed data patterns, two themes emerged: (a) family interactions characterized by T2DM-related actions and communication patterns, and (b) intergenerational patterns of openness ...


Assessing The Social Media Use And Needs Of Small Rural Retailers: Implications For Extension Program Support, Jihyeong Son, Linda S. Niehm, Daniel W. Rusell, Juyoung Lee Apr 2019

Assessing The Social Media Use And Needs Of Small Rural Retailers: Implications For Extension Program Support, Jihyeong Son, Linda S. Niehm, Daniel W. Rusell, Juyoung Lee

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

To assess small rural retailers' use of social media and the role of social media in their business sustainability, we conducted focus group interviews with small business owners/managers from rural communities in a midwestern state. Participants revealed strong interest in social media, especially for use in sales and marketing. However, their engagement in social media was limited due to lack of knowledge and resources (i.e., time, human resources, financial resources, effectiveness measurement) related to developing and updating content. On the basis of these findings, we examine implications for Extension professionals and outreach educators regarding social media needs and ...


Telling A Good Story: The Effects Of Memory Retrieval And Context Processing On Eyewitness Suggestibility, Jessica A. Lapaglia, Jason C.K. Chan Feb 2019

Telling A Good Story: The Effects Of Memory Retrieval And Context Processing On Eyewitness Suggestibility, Jessica A. Lapaglia, Jason C.K. Chan

Psychology Publications

Witnesses are likely to describe a crime many times before testifying or encountering misinformation about that crime. Research examining the effect of retrieval on later suggestibility has yielded mixed results. LaPaglia and Chan manipulated whether misinformation was presented in a narrative or misleading questions, and they found that retrieval increased suggestibility when misinformation was presented in a narrative, but reduced suggestibility when the same misinformation was presented in questions. In the current study, we aimed to address why these differences occurred. Specifically, we examined whether contextual detail and narrative coherence during misinformation exposure influenced the relation between retrieval and suggestibility ...


Motherhood, Migration, And Self-Employment Of College Graduates, Zhengyu Cai, Heather M. Stephens, John V. Winters Feb 2019

Motherhood, Migration, And Self-Employment Of College Graduates, Zhengyu Cai, Heather M. Stephens, John V. Winters

Economics Working Papers

Women face unique challenges in starting and running their own businesses and may have differing motives to men for pursuing self-employment. Previous research suggests that married women with families value the flexibility that self-employment can offer, allowing them to balance their family responsibilities with their career aspirations. This may be especially true for college graduates, who tend to have more successful businesses. Access to childcare may also affect their labor force decisions. Using American Community Survey microdata, we examine how birth-place residence, a proxy for access to extended family and child care, relates to self-employment and hours worked for college-graduate ...


Gaps In Safe Food Handling Practices Of Older Adults, Lelee Yap, Sarah L. Francis, Mack C. Shelley, Doris Montgomery, Catherine J. Lillehoj Feb 2019

Gaps In Safe Food Handling Practices Of Older Adults, Lelee Yap, Sarah L. Francis, Mack C. Shelley, Doris Montgomery, Catherine J. Lillehoj

Political Science Publications

We identified gaps in safe food handling practices that may be placing older adults at increased risk of food-borne illness. A convenience sample of 1,019 older adults completed the Food Safety Behavior Questionnaire. Majority groups among participants were those who were female, those who were White, and those who were widowed. Participants had lower adherences to safe practices related to temperature control, attention to sell-by/use-by dates on food packages, and cross-contamination. Adherences were significantly (p < .05) influenced by gender, race/ethnicity, age, marital status, and education. Our findings suggest the need for older adult–focused safe food handling education related to temperature control, product selection practices, and cross-contamination.


Accounting For The International Quantity-Quality Trade-Off, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Xiying Liu, Marla Ripoll Jan 2019

Accounting For The International Quantity-Quality Trade-Off, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Xiying Liu, Marla Ripoll

Economics Working Papers

We investigate what accounts for the observed international differences in schooling and fertil- ity, and draw lessons for the underlying sources of cross-country income differences. For this purpose, we extend a life-cycle dynastic model to include features relevant for schooling and fertility choices. Our approach allows for country-specific human capital technologies in addi- tion to differences in TFP, public education policies, and demographic factors. We find that differences in human capital production functions, specifically in the degree of complementarity of educational investments, are key to match schooling data, and result in novel estimates of human capital stocks and TFP levels ...


The Influence Of Parental Alcoholism On Parent–Adolescent Relationships From Adolescence Into Emerging Adulthood: A Qualitative Inquiry, Sarah E. Bickelhaupt, Brenda J. Lohman, Tricia K. Neppl Jan 2019

The Influence Of Parental Alcoholism On Parent–Adolescent Relationships From Adolescence Into Emerging Adulthood: A Qualitative Inquiry, Sarah E. Bickelhaupt, Brenda J. Lohman, Tricia K. Neppl

Human Development and Family Studies Publications

Exposure to parental alcoholism can inhibit a child’s ability to become a successfully functioning young adult. Based on qualitative

interviews, this study provides a deeper understanding of how those parent–adolescent relationships are associated with risky internalizing and externalizing behaviors. This qualitative study explores the lives of 13 young adult children of alcoholics (ACOAs) and provides a unique perspective through an adaptive developmental approach by evaluating emerging adults who were ACOAs and successfully functioning. Compelling findings emerged with respect to how young adults define alcoholism and being a child of alcoholism and how the parent–adolescent relationship adapts in ...


Mixed-Methods Assessment Of A Local Meals On Wheels Program, Catherine Suzanne Rudolph Jan 2019

Mixed-Methods Assessment Of A Local Meals On Wheels Program, Catherine Suzanne Rudolph

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Community food and nutrition programs, such as home-delivered meals (HDM), support the health and well-being of older adults. The purpose of this study was to conduct a needs assessment of a local Meals on Wheels (MOW) program using a mixed-methods approach.

Study One assessed nutritional risk (NR) and dietary intake frequencies (DIF) among newly enrolled MOW participants (n=167), utilizing the dietary screening tool. Participants were primarily female (62.9%), and enrolled in MOW during a winter month (85%). Nearly all (97.6%) were “at NR” or “at possible NR.” NR was attributed to “low” DIF of dairy, lean protein ...


The United States Of America, Sebastian Braun Jan 2019

The United States Of America, Sebastian Braun

World Languages and Cultures Publications

The indigenous population in the United States of America is estimated between 2.5 and 6 million people,1 of which 23% live in American Indian areas or Alaska Native villages. Indigenous peoples in the United States are more commonly referred to as Native groups. The state with the largest Native population is California; the place with the largest Native population is New York City. 573 Native American tribal entities were recognized as American Indian or Alaska Native tribes by the United States in July 2018, and most of these have recognized national homelands. While socioeconomic indicators vary widely across ...


Economic Flourishing And Floundering In Emerging Adulthood, Sara Katherine Ray Jan 2019

Economic Flourishing And Floundering In Emerging Adulthood, Sara Katherine Ray

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study is to analyze patterns of family and human capital in emerging adulthood in a latent profile analysis framework and to determine if group membership has implications for economic and financial flourishing or floundering via a relationship with positive financial behavior. By employing latent profile analysis, a multidimensional understanding of capital in emerging adulthood is explored and its importance in affecting key financial behaviors is evaluated. Indicators for the latent profile analysis include measures of parental financial support, financial knowledge, work experience, and higher education experiences—key life determinants following high-school graduation and between ages ...


Are College Tuition Increases Linked To Student Financial Stress?, Sara K. Ray, Rebecca Ray, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Megan Gilligan, Suzanne Bartholomae Jan 2019

Are College Tuition Increases Linked To Student Financial Stress?, Sara K. Ray, Rebecca Ray, Clinton G. Gudmunson, Megan Gilligan, Suzanne Bartholomae

Human Development and Family Studies Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

Discussion about the price of attending college occurs within and outside the university setting. Tuition increases are an important topic in political debates and on the floors of state legislatures; however, little is known empirically about the impact of tuition increases on college students’ well-being. This study examines the impact of college tuition increases on enrolled college students’ financial stress.


Influences Of Stress, Individual And Family Processes On Rural Low-Income Children’S Internalizing And Externalizing Behaviors, Juan Bao Jan 2019

Influences Of Stress, Individual And Family Processes On Rural Low-Income Children’S Internalizing And Externalizing Behaviors, Juan Bao

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Contextual stress (e.g., economic pressure, acculturative stress) places rural children at risk for adverse outcomes. Prior studies using rural samples to understand the stress processes at the individual and family levels have been predominantly dyadic in focus. Given family members are interdependent, it is interesting to explore whether family variables of particular interest on the family process as a whole can help explain the stress process. Guided by the family stress model, this dissertation used structural equation modeling to explore the relationships among contextual stress (i.e., economic pressure, acculturative stress), individual process (e.g., maternal depressive symptoms), family ...


Gender Differences And Similarities Among Octogenarians And Centenarians: A Study Of Personality, Social Supports, And Disablement, Mary Ellen Joynt Jan 2019

Gender Differences And Similarities Among Octogenarians And Centenarians: A Study Of Personality, Social Supports, And Disablement, Mary Ellen Joynt

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Surviving into late life has been shown to be a highly gendered process because there are substantially more centenarian women than men. Women may live longer than men, however, they do so at higher rates of disability. The disablement process model (DPM, Verbrugge & Jette, 1994) was used as a theoretical model to evaluate two hundred and eight oldest old adults from the current Georgia Centenarian Study (2001 – 2009). The DPM is a theoretical model that tests the progression of disablement through a pathway from pathology to impairment to functional limitations to disability. In this study, the original model illustrates pathology ...


The Intergenerational Relationship Between Korean Aging Mothers And Adult Daughters, Sesong Jeon Jan 2019

The Intergenerational Relationship Between Korean Aging Mothers And Adult Daughters, Sesong Jeon

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

To further the understanding of intergenerational relationships in adulthood, this dissertation focused on the experience of aging mothers and their adult daughters in Korea. This dissertation is comprised of two studies. The first study in Chapter 2 investigated the association between parent-child differentiation and psychological well-being and the moderating impact of adult daughter’s parental status. The second study in Chapter 3 explored Korean working adult daughters’ perceptions of their current relationship with their aging mothers who provide grandchild care.

The Actor-Partner Interdependence Model (APIM) was employed in Chapter 2 to test regression and moderation analyses with dyadic data from ...


Investigating The Relationship Between Built Environment Infrastructure (Sidewalks) And Community Physical Activity And Health In A Small Town In Rural Iowa, Linda Johanson Jan 2019

Investigating The Relationship Between Built Environment Infrastructure (Sidewalks) And Community Physical Activity And Health In A Small Town In Rural Iowa, Linda Johanson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The major chronic diseases, cardiovascular disease (heart attack and stroke), diabetes, arthritis, and some cancers, are the leading cause of disability and death in the United States (U.S.). Overweight and obesity, highest in the U.S. South and Midwest, the location of this study, are the primary risk factors for the two most prevalent chronic diseases, type-2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease, which along with the other chronic diseases generate 75% to 85% of the nation’s health care costs each year.

Studies have found people who engage in regular physical activity report reduced incidence of overweight and obesity and ...


Parental Reflective Functioning And Mother-Child Interactions – A Preliminary Investigation, Janelle Justine Blanco Carlson Jan 2019

Parental Reflective Functioning And Mother-Child Interactions – A Preliminary Investigation, Janelle Justine Blanco Carlson

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Parental reflective functioning (PRF) is a crucial mentalization skill that influences how parents respond to their children (Rutherford, 2013). Reflective functioning, in a general sense, is a mentalizing skill used to understand the emotional states and intentions of others (Slade 2005). The reflective functioning capacity of parents has been shown to predict parent-child attachment and children’s overall developmental outcomes (Fonagy, 1991; Heron-Delaney, 2016; Smaling, 2017). PRF specifically focuses on a parent’s ability to reflect on the internal experience of their child while also attending to their own reactions, thoughts, and feelings about their child. This study was a ...


Communicating Elective Sterilization: A Feminist Perspective, Sara Davis, Abby M. Dubisar Jan 2019

Communicating Elective Sterilization: A Feminist Perspective, Sara Davis, Abby M. Dubisar

English Publications

Patient-OBGYN (obstetrics and gynecology) communication about contraception and reproduction can be fraught with ideological pressures, cultural assumptions, and emotion-based claims and concerns. Specifically, the topic of elective sterilization for women often invokes preconceived notions of femininity and mothering. Based on medical pamphlets and online discussion forums, our analysis reveals how gendered discrepancies exist in medical information about elective sterilization. This persuasion brief aims to invite OBGYNs to understand how cultural and traditional views of gender inform medical decisions and oppress women’s reproductive autonomy. It offers suggestions for OBGYNs, women seeking sterilization, and scholars in the rhetoric of health and ...


The Association Of Affectionate Touch And Well-Being Among Older Married Adults, Peggy Ann Lockhart Jan 2019

The Association Of Affectionate Touch And Well-Being Among Older Married Adults, Peggy Ann Lockhart

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

In today’s society, we touch our cell phones more than we touch each other. Touch is the first language of communication that we learn as human beings and by far the most fundamental and straightforward of all of the sensory systems. Affectionate touch is not only a critical component of physiological and psychological regulation in all humans; it is also related to increased mortality and morbidity in older adults. Touch is not only fundamental across the life span, but older individuals tend to rely heavily on touch, especially in times of increased stress. At an age when human touch ...


The Relationship Between Volunteerism, Personality, And Psychological Well-Being Among Oldest Old Adults, Gina Lee Jan 2019

The Relationship Between Volunteerism, Personality, And Psychological Well-Being Among Oldest Old Adults, Gina Lee

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Volunteering has positive effects for older adults on many aspects of well-being, especially on their psychological well-being. Personality can play an important role as a psychological resource which may motivate or select older adults to participate in volunteering. Thus, it is important to assess the role of volunteering and personality in older adults’ life satisfaction. However, there has been a lack of studies which explore the relationship between volunteerism, personality, and life satisfaction among the oldest old population. In addition, there are no studies in the existing literature exploring such relationship from the life-span perspective. Applying the volunteer personality model ...


Biopsychosocial Reserves And Dementia: Identifying Life Span Protective Factors, Hardeep K. Obhi Jan 2019

Biopsychosocial Reserves And Dementia: Identifying Life Span Protective Factors, Hardeep K. Obhi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Dementia is a neurocognitive disorder that negatively affects independence and significantly contributes to the global mortality rate. Alzheimer’s disease is the most pervasive type of dementia and is the sixth leading overall cause of mortality in the United States. Although the exact etiologies of Alzheimer’s disease and related dementias (ADRD) are not fully understood, research suggests that it may stem from genetic and environmental factors. There is currently is no cure for ADRD, thus, it would behoove the public health field to identify factors associated with brain health and cognitive performance so that individuals could modify their lifestyles ...


The Impact Of Student Loan Debt On Older Adults And Their Retirement, Ryan A. Stuart Jan 2019

The Impact Of Student Loan Debt On Older Adults And Their Retirement, Ryan A. Stuart

Creative Components

The purpose of this creative component is to provide a comprehensive review of the literature that focuses on how student loan debt affects older adults and their retirement, with each section covering a specific aspect of the issue. The following collection of articles were written by government agencies, academic experts, and financial professionals, and they are directly related to the financial burden older adults experience from their student loan debt.


Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan Dec 2018

Promoting Transformative Learning: Extension Partnerships Focused On An Ethic Of Caring, Nancy K. Franz, Jerri Baumeister, Leslie Van Dyke, Barbara Wollan

Education Publications

Extension is known for creating educational environments conducive to the transformative learning required for people to change their perspectives and make better decisions in their lives. However, creating such environments is not easy. The complex Extension context often produces barriers to including program components that support transformative learning. Extension partnerships with nonprofits, government units, and businesses can reduce these barriers and enhance the potential for transformative learning by fostering caring program environments. A partnership between Extension and United Way exemplifies one model for developing programs focused on creating caring educational environments that encourage and sustain transformative learning.


Exploring School Foodservice Directors’ Intentions To Implement Farm-To-School Procurement Methods Considering Food Safety Practices, Sandra C. Curwood, Lakshman Rajagopal, Susan W. Arendt, Stephen Sapp Dec 2018

Exploring School Foodservice Directors’ Intentions To Implement Farm-To-School Procurement Methods Considering Food Safety Practices, Sandra C. Curwood, Lakshman Rajagopal, Susan W. Arendt, Stephen Sapp

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

This study explored the intentions of foodservice directors' (FSD) who oversee Farm-to-School (F2S) programs to implement alternative procurement methods that better account for food safety practices. A web-based questionnaire was distributed to 864 California school FSDs with 136 (15.7%) usable surveys returned. Findings revealed that although FSDs understand the importance of food safety training and have confidence in their ability to manage produce safety practices, they express little intention to change their procurement practices. This finding might indicate a need for more resources and supportive policies.


Determining What Growers Need To Comply With The Food Safety Modernization Act Produce Safety Rule, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Arlene E. Enderton, Angela M. Shaw, Bridget J. Perry, Jacques Overdiep, Linda Naeve Dec 2018

Determining What Growers Need To Comply With The Food Safety Modernization Act Produce Safety Rule, Catherine H. Strohbehn, Arlene E. Enderton, Angela M. Shaw, Bridget J. Perry, Jacques Overdiep, Linda Naeve

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Extension educators have been enlisted to assist farmers in meeting requirements of the Food Safety Modernization Act Produce Safety Rule (PSR). Although food safety is a familiar topic for Extension educators, helping farmers learn how to prepare for PSR regulations is new. In this article, we describe a needs assessment conducted in the north central United States according to a modified Delphi approach. Results revealed unique characteristics of farmers in the region, least understood components of the PSR, preferences regarding educational tools, and the need for materials for varied audiences. Our process can be adapted for the purpose of determining ...


Efficiency With Endogenous Population And Fixed Resources, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Xiying Liu Nov 2018

Efficiency With Endogenous Population And Fixed Resources, Juan Carlos Cordoba, Xiying Liu

Economics Working Papers

This article studies socially optimal allocations, in the first-best sense, in environments characterized by fixed resources and endogenous fertility. Individuals in our environment are fully rational and altruistic toward their descendants, the social planner is benevolent, and there is full information. Our model allows for rich heterogeneity of abilities, preferences for children, and costs of raising children. We find that efficient allocations in the endogenous fertility case differ significantly from its exogenous fertility counterpart. In particular, optimal steady-state population is proportional to the amount of fixed resources and to the level of technology while steady state individual consumption is independent ...