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Investigating The Tolerance Response Of Early Vegetative Stage Soybeans To Aphis Glycines Matsumura, Lia Da Silva Marchi Nov 2012

Investigating The Tolerance Response Of Early Vegetative Stage Soybeans To Aphis Glycines Matsumura, Lia Da Silva Marchi

Dissertations and Student Research in Entomology

The objectives of this research were to evaluate the impact of soybean aphid (Aphis glycines Matsumura) feeding on the yield response of V1, V3, and R1 KS4202 soybean plants and examine the effect of soybean aphid feeding on peroxidase activity in V1 and V3 KS4202 plants. KS4202 plants infested during the early vegetative stages (VC, VE and V1) were identified as highly susceptible based upon plant damage and stunting of the plants. In contrast, V3, V4, and V5 stage KS4202 soybeans were classified as moderately resistant. In the yield response study, V1, V3 and R1 plants had aphid numbers that ...


Measuring The Benefit Of Biological Control For Single Gene And Pyramided Host Plant Resistance For Aphis Glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Management, Michael T. Mccarville, Matthew E. O'Neal Oct 2012

Measuring The Benefit Of Biological Control For Single Gene And Pyramided Host Plant Resistance For Aphis Glycines (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Management, Michael T. Mccarville, Matthew E. O'Neal

Entomology Publications

The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is an economically important pest in the north central United States. In the state of Iowa, economically damaging populations occurred in seven of 11 growing seasons from 2001 to 2011. The high frequency and economic impact of the soybean aphid makes it an ideal candidate for management by using host plant resistance. We compared an aphid-susceptible line to near-isolines that contain Rag1 and Rag2, both alone and pyramided together, to suppress aphid populations and protect yield. Each of four near-isolines, were artificially infested with aphids and grown in small plots in which ...


Insecticidal Control Of Bemisia Tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Transmitting Carlavirus On Soybeans And Detection Of The Virus In Alternate Hosts, Difabachew K. Belay, Randy M. Huckaba, Axel M. Ramirez, Jose C. V. Rodrigues, John E. Foster May 2012

Insecticidal Control Of Bemisia Tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Transmitting Carlavirus On Soybeans And Detection Of The Virus In Alternate Hosts, Difabachew K. Belay, Randy M. Huckaba, Axel M. Ramirez, Jose C. V. Rodrigues, John E. Foster

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

A Carlavirus transmitted by Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) is an important disease of soybean nurseries in Puerto Rico causing substantial germplasm losses. Insecticide bioassay experiments were conducted at Dow AgroSciences (DAS) Research Station, Santa Isabel, Puerto Rico, either by spraying insecticides on B. tabaci infested soybean leaves or introducing B. tabaci adults onto insecticide-sprayed soybean leaves. Moreover, host plants were surveyed to detect the virus in overwintering hosts that serve as a source of inoculums. The direct spray experiment showed that Nuprid 2F (Imidacloprid), Capture 2 EC (Bifenthrin), Thionex (Endosulfan), Lannate LV (Methomyl), and Dimethoate gave good level (> 80 ...


Cross-Resistance And Resistance Longevity As Induced By Bean Leaf Beetle, Cerotoma Trifurcata And Soybean Looper, Pseudoplusia Includens Herbivory On Soybean, P. Srinivas, Stephen D. Danielson, C. Michael Smith, John E. Foster Mar 2012

Cross-Resistance And Resistance Longevity As Induced By Bean Leaf Beetle, Cerotoma Trifurcata And Soybean Looper, Pseudoplusia Includens Herbivory On Soybean, P. Srinivas, Stephen D. Danielson, C. Michael Smith, John E. Foster

John E. Foster

Cross-resistance, and longevity of resistance, induced by the bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata, was studied IN the soybean PI 227687 that exhibited induced response in earlier studies. Bean leaf beetle adults and soybean looper, Pseudoplusia includens, larvae were used to induce resistance and to determine beetle feeding preference. Beetles were collected from soybean fields 2 to 5 days prior to the feeding preference test. The level of cross-resistance induced by soybean looper herbivory to subsequent bean leaf beetle feeding was higher when compared to cross-resistance induced by bean leaf beetle herbivory against subsequent feeding by soybean looper. Further, herbivory by ...


Bean Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) And Bean Pod Mottle Virus In Soybean: Biology, Ecology, And Management, Buyung A. R. Hadi, Jeffrey D. Bradshaw, Marlin E. Rice, John J. Hill Mar 2012

Bean Leaf Beetle (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) And Bean Pod Mottle Virus In Soybean: Biology, Ecology, And Management, Buyung A. R. Hadi, Jeffrey D. Bradshaw, Marlin E. Rice, John J. Hill

Faculty Publications: Department of Entomology

Bean leaf beetle, Cerotoma trifurcata (Förster), is a pest of soybean found in many production areas in the United States. The bean leaf beetle larvae feed on soybean root nodules, whereas the adults feed on the above ground parts of soybean such as cotyledon, leaves, and pods. Bean leaf beetle is also a very efficient vector of Bean pod mottle virus, a widespread virus of soybean in the south and southeastern United States with recent expansion into the north central region of the country. This article summarizes bean leaf beetle biology, ecology, and its impact on soybean production in the ...


Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Development On Soybean With Rag1 Alone, Rag2 Alone, And Both Genes Combined, Shaylyn Lena Wiarda, Walter R. Fehr, Matthew E. O'Neal Jan 2012

Soybean Aphid (Hemiptera: Aphididae) Development On Soybean With Rag1 Alone, Rag2 Alone, And Both Genes Combined, Shaylyn Lena Wiarda, Walter R. Fehr, Matthew E. O'Neal

Entomology Publications

Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae) can reduce the yield of aphidsusceptible soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merrill) cultivars. The Rag1 and Rag2 genes confer resistance to some biotypes of A. glycines. These genes individually can limit population growth of A. glycines and prevent yield loss. The impact of these genes when combined is not known. We compared the development of A. glycines on soybean with Rag1 alone (R1/S2), Rag2 alone (S1/R2), both genes combined (R1/R2), or neither gene (S1/S2). In addition, we determined the impact of different levels of aphid infestation on seed yield. The genotypes were ...