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Political Culture And Abortion Policy, Caleb J. Evans Nov 2020

Political Culture And Abortion Policy, Caleb J. Evans

The Macksey Journal

Abortion policy in the United States varies greatly from state to state. The general understanding is that states controlled by Democrats are friendly towards abortion and states controlled by Republicans are more hostile towards abortion rights. In the research paper, this is displayed by the state of Oklahoma. However, the states of Rhode Island and Montana both defy this generally accepted trend. Rhode Island is a Democratically controlled state with a strong history of abortion restrictions, while Montana is a Republican-controlled state with a track record of more lax policy on reproductive rights. This research paper delves into the political ...


Arctic Geopolitics Reconsidered: Pathways To Conflict And Cooperation, Christopher Tremoglie Jun 2020

Arctic Geopolitics Reconsidered: Pathways To Conflict And Cooperation, Christopher Tremoglie

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The Arctic region is widely considered to be one of the planet’s last frontiers. As the world’s countries competed for Earth’s resources, few areas of the world were left unscathed; the Arctic was one of those regions. However, as climate change accelerates the melting of sea ice in the Arctic, previously inaccessible areas, believed to contain an abundance of natural resources such as minerals, natural gas, and oil, will soon become available for extraction. This race for resources has created tension among the actors in the Arctic.

As such, this paper asks: what conditions would be necessary ...


White Or Foreign? Differentiating Perceptions Of The Racialization Of National Identity In Canada, The United States, Australia, And New Zealand, Lucy Hu Jun 2020

White Or Foreign? Differentiating Perceptions Of The Racialization Of National Identity In Canada, The United States, Australia, And New Zealand, Lucy Hu

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Past literature has established that often in a white-majority society, a national label is associated with the white population more than people of other ethnic origins. Canada, the United States, Australia, and New Zealand share many historical and institutional similarities, making them valuable comparative cases. While scholars have researched national identity to varying degrees in these countries, the gap remains in comparative analysis of perceptions of national identity. This thesis first analyzes comparative public opinion data to establish differences in the degree to which national identity is racially-exclusive in the case countries. Second, it compares historical immigration policy, multiculturalism policy ...


Understanding Sovereignty And The Us Constitution: A View From The Massachusetts And Virginia State Ratifying Conventions, Hannah Novotny May 2020

Understanding Sovereignty And The Us Constitution: A View From The Massachusetts And Virginia State Ratifying Conventions, Hannah Novotny

Honors Program Theses and Projects

Eighteenth-century American politics does more than simply provide us with the US Constitution. According to Gordon Wood (1991, 32), the stakes of eighteenth-century historical arguments are very high, as they deal with “nothing less than the kind of society we have been, or ought to become.” Barry Shain (1994, xiv) concurs with Wood, arguing that an understanding of the American founding “defines how Americans understand themselves as a historical people, as well as constraining what they might become.” As Wood and Shain indicate, an understanding of eighteenth-century American political thought shapes how we understand our past and informs the decisions ...


Trust: The Social Virtues And The Creation Of Prosperity, Thomas Maxwell May 2020

Trust: The Social Virtues And The Creation Of Prosperity, Thomas Maxwell

Denver Journal of International Law & Policy

No abstract provided.


Putting The Pieces Together: Ideology Beyond Policy, Natalia Quevedo De La Espriella May 2020

Putting The Pieces Together: Ideology Beyond Policy, Natalia Quevedo De La Espriella

The Review: A Journal of Undergraduate Student Research

Ideological differences exist far beyond policy preferences. Our ideologies are built from much more intrinsic building blocks, and as such the effects of this are seen far outside of what is generally considered the political realm of existence. When explaining these ideologies we must look past the policy preferences and more into the base parts of what makes people who they are. Liberals and conservatives differ on important measures, and these differences between us have a deeper root than most see. Morality, motivations, and personality all combine to form the expression of ideology. This paper explores these three aspects of ...


The Decline Of American Entrepreneurship: An Analysis Of Causes Of Macro Market Trends And A Changing American Economic System, Owen Flomberg May 2020

The Decline Of American Entrepreneurship: An Analysis Of Causes Of Macro Market Trends And A Changing American Economic System, Owen Flomberg

Chancellor’s Honors Program Projects

No abstract provided.


National Minorities And European Union Accession: A Consideration Of Communist Legacies And Eu Conditionality In Central And Eastern Europe, Esther Moriah Yeung Apr 2020

National Minorities And European Union Accession: A Consideration Of Communist Legacies And Eu Conditionality In Central And Eastern Europe, Esther Moriah Yeung

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The fall of communism in Central and Eastern Europe prompted Western Europe to integrate the region with European Union (EU) expansion. The collapse of the Eastern bloc was concerning to the West, which viewed the nationalist tensions in the region as having the potential to trigger destabilization and conflict. This thesis evaluates the treatment of Hungarian national minorities in three states that eventually joined the EU: Slovakia, Romania, and Slovenia. Marxist-Leninist legacies, in combination with democratization and EU membership, determined key differences in state compliance with EU national minority recommendations in the wake of membership. I identify how both communist-era ...


Transcending Turnout: Identity, Campus Experiences, And The Political Behaviors Of Latinx Youth, Isabella Fierro Apr 2020

Transcending Turnout: Identity, Campus Experiences, And The Political Behaviors Of Latinx Youth, Isabella Fierro

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Latinx youth are increasingly the focus of American politics and campaigns. They are a passionate and ever-growing segment of what is predicted to be the largest ethnic group of eligible voters in 2020. However, this population consistently produces low rates of turnout in national elections. This thesis aims to understand how the campus experiences of Latinx undergraduates may influence their political behaviors in light of recent events. Political behaviors are assessed by political views and political participation in both electoral and nonelectoral activities. Using survey data from the Higher Education Research Institute, the study first investigates changes in students' political ...


A Historical Analysis Of The Democratic Primary Debate Requirements: An Approach For Understanding The Democratic National Committee’S 2020 Rules Change, Joshua E. Charap Apr 2020

A Historical Analysis Of The Democratic Primary Debate Requirements: An Approach For Understanding The Democratic National Committee’S 2020 Rules Change, Joshua E. Charap

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In February 2019, the Democratic National Committee (DNC) created a set of comprehensive rules governing the qualifications for participating in the 2020 primary debates. The rules, the first of their kind, were the result of over a decade of primary debate mishaps and disagreements. Historically, it was not difficult for candidates to qualify for primary debates. There were usually fewer than eight candidates on the stage and the debates did not play a large role in the primary winnowing process. But as the number of candidates rose, and in light of the Republican’s experience in 2016, the Democrats moved ...


Unintended Consequences: Effects Of Foreign Direct Investment In Resource Extraction On Ethnic Conflict, Daniel S. Matthews Apr 2020

Unintended Consequences: Effects Of Foreign Direct Investment In Resource Extraction On Ethnic Conflict, Daniel S. Matthews

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Over the past 70 years civil wars have become the most common form of war. Much time and thought has been devoted to understand why subnational groups fight. Additionally, scholars have long analyzed the so-called “resource curse”, whereby states with high levels of natural resources may tend to experience violence. As levels of globalized economic markets have proliferated in this time too, it is important to understand the relationship between foreign investment and war. Little research has been done on the interaction between resource extraction, foreign investment, and subnational conflict, especially using social identity formation as an analytical tool. This ...


Diverging Neighbors In The Near Abroad: The Sources Of Conflicting Relations With Russia In Armenia And Georgia, Jake H. Fallek Apr 2020

Diverging Neighbors In The Near Abroad: The Sources Of Conflicting Relations With Russia In Armenia And Georgia, Jake H. Fallek

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

When Armenia and Georgia exited the Soviet Union in 1991, massive popular majorities in both countries voted for independence in nationwide referenda. Over thirty-years later, Armenia and Georgia have chartered two radically distinctive pathways for their states within the near abroad. Tbilisi has become a reliable opponent of Russia within the post-Soviet space as it pursues integration into NATO and the European Union. Yerevan, by contrast, is closely associated with Russia, and has joined the Russian-led Eurasian Economic Union. This thesis employs a comparative framework to evaluate the sources behind this divergence. The research identifies three determining variables behind this ...


A Divided Continuum: The Logic Of Russian Escalation Against Post-Soviet States, Alexander Rabin Apr 2020

A Divided Continuum: The Logic Of Russian Escalation Against Post-Soviet States, Alexander Rabin

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis probes for patterns in the escalation of Russian interventions against neighboring post-Soviet states after the Cold War. It then seeks to explain the causation of such patterns. I conclude that the factors influencing the intensity levels of Russian interventions can be understood within a periodized framework. After the USSR’s collapse, Russia’s limited economic capacity prevented it from intensifying its interventions against neighboring ex-Soviet states. An increase in economic power at the turn of the century then shifted Russia’s intervention calculus. Russia is most likely to escalate to a significant intensity level when its economy is ...


Democratic Governors Are Quicker In Responding To The Coronavirus Than Republicans, Luke Fowler, Jaclyn Kettler, Stephanie Witt Apr 2020

Democratic Governors Are Quicker In Responding To The Coronavirus Than Republicans, Luke Fowler, Jaclyn Kettler, Stephanie Witt

Public Policy and Administration Faculty Publications and Presentations

While the coronavirus pandemic is a national and international concern, state and local officials find themselves on the front lines of the public health battle.

Governors, in particular, have been in the spotlight in recent weeks. New York’s Andrew Cuomo has been praised by news outlets for his leadership at the epicenter of the U.S. outbreak, while others have been criticized for slow responses.

A clear partisan gap has emerged in how quickly governors have declared emergencies and issue stay-at-home orders. Democratic governors have issued orders three to four days sooner than Republican governors, on average.


In The Path Of The Flood: Exploring Carbon-Intensive Employment And Coastal Geography As Motivators Of U.S. Climate Change Denial, Mark E. Steiner Apr 2020

In The Path Of The Flood: Exploring Carbon-Intensive Employment And Coastal Geography As Motivators Of U.S. Climate Change Denial, Mark E. Steiner

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis uses multivariate regressions of the ANES 2016 Dataset to test whether working in a carbon-intensive industry affects belief in climate change. It also uses the same dataset to test whether living in an area that would see increased flooding and displacement under a climate change scenario can affect the same attitudes. Additionally, it presents crosstabulations of climate skeptics and non-skeptics by party preference, education, and turnout habits. I find that working in a carbon-intensive industry does not reduce a respondent’s likelihood to report belief in climate science. Similarly, living in a coastal area that is likely to ...


The Shortfalls Of Health Care Crowdfunding In Addressing The Needs Of The Underserved, Kevin Yang Apr 2020

The Shortfalls Of Health Care Crowdfunding In Addressing The Needs Of The Underserved, Kevin Yang

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Because the cost of health care is increasing, more Americans are relying on crowdfunding to finance their health care expenses. Health care crowdfunding occurs when people seek donations through online crowdfunding platforms to pay for their health care costs. This thesis seeks to use theories in charitable giving and health care crowdfunding to understand if crowdfunding dollars are going to the people who need them most. Low-income individuals in non-Medicaid expansion states and patients with chronic diseases are not adequately covered by the private insurance market, thus they require the most need. However, donors evaluate need subjectively and are more ...


Zooming Past Motor-Voter: An Analysis Of How Automatic Voter Registration Policies Impact Voter Turnout In The United States, Ketaki Gujar Apr 2020

Zooming Past Motor-Voter: An Analysis Of How Automatic Voter Registration Policies Impact Voter Turnout In The United States, Ketaki Gujar

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

In the 1990s, the National Voter Registration Act (NVRA) mandated that motor vehicle agencies process voter registration applications in a policy known as motor-voter. From motor- voter emerged automatic voter registration, or AVR, wherein eligible voters are registered to vote automatically from a transaction with certain state-designated agencies. In 2016, Oregon became the first state to implement an automatic voter registration policy, though a number of states have since followed. In this paper, I analyze the impact of AVR on rates of voter turnout and rates of voter registration, making this paper among the first to identify the effect of ...


Economic Recovery In The Euro Area: The Asymmetrical Recoveries Of Greece, Ireland And Portugal Following The Late 2000s European Debt Crisis, Zachary A. Jacobs Apr 2020

Economic Recovery In The Euro Area: The Asymmetrical Recoveries Of Greece, Ireland And Portugal Following The Late 2000s European Debt Crisis, Zachary A. Jacobs

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

The late 2000s financial crisis within the euro area had distinct effects on different member states of the polity despite a shared monetary policy and supranational organizational structure. Certain countries like Greece suffered a prolonged (and ongoing) economic crisis while others, Portugal and Ireland as discussed in this thesis, had periods of crisis but returned to normalcy after some time. Commitment to certain policies at the national level cannot fully explain the speed of these recoveries; Portugal and Ireland, for instance, had different levels of commitment to and popular willingness to endure austerity measures. All three countries will be discussed ...


William G. Andrews, Interviewed By Bruce Leslie, Jacob Tynan, Bruce Leslie Mar 2020

William G. Andrews, Interviewed By Bruce Leslie, Jacob Tynan, Bruce Leslie

Interviews With Staff Past & Present

Dr. Bill Andrews attended Cornell University from 1955-1958, where he earned his PhD in Political Science. He served as a Professor of Political Science at the College at Brockport from 1967 to 1996, also serving as the Dean in during the 1970's. He is also a scholar of the history of Brockport, and has written several published books on the town's history and development.


Guide To Ms222 Thomas Ira Cook Papers, Nancy Wilson Feb 2020

Guide To Ms222 Thomas Ira Cook Papers, Nancy Wilson

Finding Aids

Thomas Ira Cook (1907 – 1976) was a political science professor and writer. He taught at UTEP from 1966 – 1976. His papers date circa 1920 – 1976. Types of records include correspondence, course materials, articles, and manuscripts.


Guide To Ms222 Thomas Ira Cook Papers, Nancy Wilson Feb 2020

Guide To Ms222 Thomas Ira Cook Papers, Nancy Wilson

Finding Aids

Thomas Ira Cook (1907 – 1976) was a UTEP professor and writer. The papers date circa 1920 – 1976. Types of records include correspondence, course materials, articles, and manuscripts. These materials help document Dr. Cook’s career and research interests.


Support For Authoritarianism: The Case Of Augusto Pinochet, Alina Mizrahi Jan 2020

Support For Authoritarianism: The Case Of Augusto Pinochet, Alina Mizrahi

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Why do people support repressive and authoritarian leaders? In many Latin American countries, as well as other countries around the world, people vote for and support leaders who have infringed on their human rights. In 1973, Augusto Pinochet staged a coup in Chile and seized power for over sixteen years. Although Pinochet’s regime was brutal and repressive, numerous Chilean citizens still profess their support for him. This paper investigates the variables that predict support for Pinochet in Chile. This is done using surveys carried out in 1988, 1991, and 1999 by the Centro de Estudios Públicos in Chile. The ...


Origins Of Secession, Aiden A. Gonzalez Jan 2020

Origins Of Secession, Aiden A. Gonzalez

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

Using a variety of methods, both qualitative and quantitative, I show in this work that secessionist movements across four case studies have three primary characteristics: concerns over status, material welfare, and the viability of the potentially new and independent state.


China‘S Censorship And Cultural Power--Necessarily At Odds?, Juliette S. Miller Jan 2020

China‘S Censorship And Cultural Power--Necessarily At Odds?, Juliette S. Miller

CUREJ - College Undergraduate Research Electronic Journal

This thesis looks at the censorship practices of the CCP in regards to cultural power. I analyze in depth, Confucius Institutes and the field of Contemporary Art as case studies for cultural power. This paper suggests that our current ways of thinking about censorship and soft power are limited in explaining what is happening with Chinese cultural power. I contend that the CCP is focused on building a global presence and cultural security through its censorship practices. This does degrade China’s ability to accrue soft power, but it should not be understood as a failure on behalf as the ...


Factors That Influence African American Male Retention In Public Four-Year Institutions, Shantya V. Plater Jan 2020

Factors That Influence African American Male Retention In Public Four-Year Institutions, Shantya V. Plater

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Due to the lack of policies at the federal and state level, 4-year public colleges and universities across the United States are left to develop retention policies at the institutional level to support their diverse populations. Retention rates for minority students lag behind their peers, especially African American male students. This study identified the factors that influence retention amongst African American male students at 4-year public colleges and universities. The theoretical framework used in this study was the Tinto model of academic and social integration. The data identified that financial resources, family support, and academic and social engagement influence the ...


Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein Dec 2019

Human Rights? What A Good Idea! From Universal Jurisdiction To Crime Prevention, Daniel Feierstein

Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal

Over the last decades, Genocide Studies has entered in a “comfort zone.” With fellowships and support from governments or NGOs, we have developed a very comfortable environment in which the knowledge we produce about genocide prevention is neither critical nor useful. We have become trapped by assumptions we have never checked against reality and many of us have chosen to work inside the circle of those assumptions: genocide and mass violence are horrible acts committed by horrible people; we cannot stand by and do nothing; we have the responsibility to protect civilian populations and that responsibility takes the form, as ...


University Honors Program News, Georgia Southern University Nov 2019

University Honors Program News, Georgia Southern University

University Honors Program News Blog

  • Political Science Students on the Conference Trail


Playing By The Rules: A Look Into The Relationship Between Regime Type And War Crimes, Kelsey Anderson Oct 2019

Playing By The Rules: A Look Into The Relationship Between Regime Type And War Crimes, Kelsey Anderson

Masters Theses

The current literature tends to looks at regimes in only two categories; democracy and autocracy. Recognizing that this limits the scope of what is measured, and limited the practical applicability of this research, I chose to combine the current research on war crimes with more modern research on how to measure regime type. I integrate James Morrow and Heyran Jo’s comprehensive dataset on war crimes from 1900 to 1991 with Carston Anckar and Cecilia Fredriksson’s dataset on Political Regimes of the World, and run statistical tests to determine the relationship between these more specific categories of regime type ...


The Effect Of Tribalism On Political Parties, Cyrus Lloyd Oct 2019

The Effect Of Tribalism On Political Parties, Cyrus Lloyd

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

Tribalism has been the fundamental organizational unit of Middle Eastern Society for thousands of years. Recently however, modern scholars have questioned the viability of tribalism in the burgeoning democratic systems of the region. This study weighs in on this debate, focusing specifically on how tribal loyalties influence the effectiveness of political parties, considered by political science researchers to be the most effective way for the people to impose their will on the government. Focusing specifically on Jordan, this research takes into account information collected from interviews with several prominent members of Jordanian political, social, and intellectual life, including the heads ...


Barriers Between Effective Transnational Changemaking: Relationships Between Ingos And Moroccan Ngos, Julia Walters Oct 2019

Barriers Between Effective Transnational Changemaking: Relationships Between Ingos And Moroccan Ngos, Julia Walters

Independent Study Project (ISP) Collection

This paper seeks to explore the relationships held between international non-governmental organizations, primarily based in the West, and Moroccan NGOs. The existing literature on the topic explores the ways in which international NGOs can both benefit and harm domestic NGOs, which seek to fix issues not thoroughly addressed and solved by the state or by the market, such as issues of gender-based violence, female education, and lack of rural healthcare. The data gathered was organized into two types of relationships; financial and non-financial. Financial relationships between INGOs and NGOs were often depicted as crucial in enabling critical projects, such as ...