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Gender

2017

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Wifely Figures: Gender, Marriage, And Biblical Typology In Early Modern England, Melissa Welshans Dec 2017

Wifely Figures: Gender, Marriage, And Biblical Typology In Early Modern England, Melissa Welshans

Dissertations - ALL

This dissertation illuminates how the hermeneutic of biblical typology influenced the conception of the female life cycle in early modern English literature, especially the social roles of maid, wife, and widow. Reading texts from a variety of genres and by both male and female authors, this dissertation argues that a typological understanding of marriage gave additional, spiritual import to those social roles, thus further upholding ideologies that defined women by their proximity to marriage. However, this dissertation also demonstrates how a typological understanding of marriage and the female life cycle could also be used to critique gender norms. After providing ...


Student Success Behaviors And Gender: Exploring The Impact On First-Year Students, Sarah Ramage Dec 2017

Student Success Behaviors And Gender: Exploring The Impact On First-Year Students, Sarah Ramage

Graduate Theses, Dissertations, and Capstones

College demographics are rapidly evolving, and one area of concern is the enrollment and retention rates of male students. The National Center for Educational Statistics reported that in 2010, 57 percent of undergraduate students were female (Weaver-Hightower, 2010). The same report stated that the percentage was projected to grow to 59 percent by 2018 (Weaver-Hightower, 2010). Between 1997 and 2007, female enrollment has risen dramatically faster than male enrollment, with a 29 percent jump in 10 years. Male enrollment increased by 22 percent in the same time (Weaver-Hightower, 2010). Over time, this growing gender imbalance in higher education has been ...


Constructing Normativity: A Historiographical Essay On The Codification And Regulation Of Gender And Sexuality In Franco's Spain, Ian K. Winchester Dec 2017

Constructing Normativity: A Historiographical Essay On The Codification And Regulation Of Gender And Sexuality In Franco's Spain, Ian K. Winchester

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

This historiographical essay traces the contours of the field of gender and sexuality during the Franco regime in Spain with a focus on the codification and regulation of normativity. The article presents definitions of normativity for men and women, provides a historical narrative of the dictatorship's attempt to control lived realities of masculinity and femininity, analyzes how scholars have interpreted transformations in and resistance to Francoist power structures, investigates the role of sexual deviance in those processes, assesses theoretical conceptions of the regime, and examines possibilities of continued study.


Queering The Early Modern Iberian Archive: Recent Trends, Marta Vicente Dec 2017

Queering The Early Modern Iberian Archive: Recent Trends, Marta Vicente

Bulletin for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies

The article proposes to rethink the landscape of the early modern archive of the Iberian world from a queer perspective. It addresses recent trends that explore the possibilities that rethinking queerness, in particular in relation to the archive, has for reconsidering the trajectory of historical analysis. It argues that the structure of the archive has sometimes obscured the ambiguous sex and gender of some individuals in the early modern Iberian world.


Turnover Intentions Among South African It Professionals: Gender, Ethnicity And The Influence Of Pay Satisfaction, Rennie Naidoo Dec 2017

Turnover Intentions Among South African It Professionals: Gender, Ethnicity And The Influence Of Pay Satisfaction, Rennie Naidoo

The African Journal of Information Systems

The South African ICT industry is struggling with high turnover despite the relatively high remuneration packages it offers to its gender and racially diverse IT professionals. This study explored pay satisfaction levels and its relationship with job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and turnover intentions. Survey responses from 158 IT professionals were subjected to descriptive, correlation and regression analysis. The results show that, irrespective of gender or race, employees generally have low pay satisfaction, low organizational commitment, and only moderate job satisfaction levels. However, black ethnic groups did show a difference in their appraisals of pay satisfaction, expressing slightly lower pay satisfaction ...


Untying The Knot, Charisse Jones Dec 2017

Untying The Knot, Charisse Jones

Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


Where Our Girls At? The Misrecognition Of Black And Brown Girls In Schools, Amanda E. Lewis, Deana G. Lewis Dec 2017

Where Our Girls At? The Misrecognition Of Black And Brown Girls In Schools, Amanda E. Lewis, Deana G. Lewis

Occasional Paper Series

Black and brown girls remain too often at the margins not only in society at large and in our schools but also in our research and writing about schools. Herein we argue for careful consideration of the specific ways that their raced and gendered identities render these girls vulnerable and put them in jeopardy so that educators and scholars do not become complicit in their marginalization. We focus on dynamics of invisibility and hypervisibility. While these dynamics may seem to be diametrically opposite, both involve the process of what scholar Nancy Fraser (2000) calls “misrecognition” (p. 113).


Choice, Inclusion, And Access To Information: Understanding Female Farmers’ Participation In Kyrgyzstan’S Water-User Associations, Rebecca Nixon, Francis Owusu Dec 2017

Choice, Inclusion, And Access To Information: Understanding Female Farmers’ Participation In Kyrgyzstan’S Water-User Associations, Rebecca Nixon, Francis Owusu

Community and Regional Planning Publications

Participatory processes have been widely promoted within the field of natural resource management as a method of supporting efficient resource use and, within these processes, much emphasis has been placed on gendered participation. In Kyrgyzstan, participation in irrigation management is organized through water-user associations (WUAs), a decentralized system of management commonly prescribed to increase equity and efficiency in water distribution. Women in Kyrgyzstan are active in irrigated agriculture particularly in light of changing demographics due to labor migration, yet they make up a small percentage of the members and leaders in these WUAs. This study draws upon interviews with WUA ...


The Indigenous Sovereign Body: Gender, Sexuality And Performance., Michelle S. Mcgeough, Michelle Susan Mcgeough Dec 2017

The Indigenous Sovereign Body: Gender, Sexuality And Performance., Michelle S. Mcgeough, Michelle Susan Mcgeough

Art & Art History ETDs

Gender variance and artist production are not topics that are often discussed within the discipline of art history. In fact gender variance and in particular its relationship to sexual orientation was not a topic studied, much less discussed outside of the medical community until the mid-twentieth century. It was generally thought that sexuality and gender were “biologically determined” and deviation from the heterosexual norm was considered pathological. In contrast, Indigenous nations in Canada and the United States had a very different understanding regarding the relationship between gender, biology, and sexual object of choice. One area that provides us with a ...


Gendered Impacts Of Community-Based Conservation Initiatives In Kimana/Tikondo Group Ranch Outside Of Amboseli National Park, Megan Clemens Dec 2017

Gendered Impacts Of Community-Based Conservation Initiatives In Kimana/Tikondo Group Ranch Outside Of Amboseli National Park, Megan Clemens

Master's Theses

Community-based conservation has become a common solution to addressing local communities needs and concerns when it comes to conservation initiatives associated with, or outside the boundaries of national parks. Community-based initiatives associated with Amboseli National Park in southern Kenya mark one of the first attempts to include local communities in conservation initiatives and management as well as establish systems of benefit sharing between conservation and local communities. However, a critique of community-based conservation initiatives points out they often assume community homogeneity. Assumption of community homogeneity leads to inequities in benefits sharing, exclusion of subgroups (women, ethnic minorities) or even exacerbate ...


Persuasive Kinship: Human–Plant Relations In Southwest Amazonia, Fabiana Maizza Dec 2017

Persuasive Kinship: Human–Plant Relations In Southwest Amazonia, Fabiana Maizza

Tipití: Journal of the Society for the Anthropology of Lowland South America

Based on my ethnographic research with the Jarawara people, an indigenous society in the Southwest Amazonia, the article explores the idea of thinking kinship as persuasion. Among the Jarawara, children can have more than one father, which is well known in Americanist literature, but there would exist as well an original practice what we could call "multi-maternity". I also observe that the Jarawara can have diverse parental relations - some of their children are human, while others are plants. This occurs in a system of raising (nayana) in which children and plants are raised by a father and/or a mother ...


An Examination Of Household Food Security’S Measurement, Report And Experience By Gender, Jaime Foster Dec 2017

An Examination Of Household Food Security’S Measurement, Report And Experience By Gender, Jaime Foster

Doctoral Dissertations

Food insecurity, defined as the inability to access sufficient food for an active, healthy life, affects 14.3 percent of United States. Food Security (FS) has been measured annually using the US Department of Agriculture’s (USDA) Household Food Security Module (HFSM) since the 1990s; however, responses to this self-report measure may vary by household member. Thus, this study aims to 1) determine how gender is related to differences in interpretation and report of FS using the HFSM; 2) determine if gender is related to interpretation of terms relevant to FS measurement, and; 3) pilot test a qualitative technique novel ...


Negotiating Motherhood And Intersecting Inequalities: A Qualitative Study Of African American Mothers And The Socialization Of Adolescent Daughters, Brandyn-Dior Mckinley Dec 2017

Negotiating Motherhood And Intersecting Inequalities: A Qualitative Study Of African American Mothers And The Socialization Of Adolescent Daughters, Brandyn-Dior Mckinley

Doctoral Dissertations

'Archival abstract submitted'


'I Am Roller Derby' : A Case Study Of Layered Impression Management, Veronica René Ferreira Dec 2017

'I Am Roller Derby' : A Case Study Of Layered Impression Management, Veronica René Ferreira

Theses and Dissertations

I use a mixed methods, qualitative approach to explore whether individuals become so invested in an organization that they engage in impression management to influence others’ perceptions of the organization. Additionally, I aim to reveal impression management strategies in an environment that is explicitly gendered in a transformative manner. I use roller derby as a case study because it is a rare example of a single-sex dominated organization that is voluntary and explicitly aims to be transformational of the current gender system.


Surrendering To Gender In Education? Complacency And The Woman Leader, Kimberly L. Clark Ed. D., Ane T. Johnson Ph. D. Dec 2017

Surrendering To Gender In Education? Complacency And The Woman Leader, Kimberly L. Clark Ed. D., Ane T. Johnson Ph. D.

Journal of Women in Educational Leadership

The purpose of our study was to better understand the role of gender performance for aspiring school leaders through a reflection of their journey through the administrative pipeline. The transformation of professional aspirations throughout and following the certification process and during employment was also analyzed. Also, the appealing factors of a nontraditional administrative preparation program were evaluated. Using heuristic qualitative methods, women graduates of and expedited certification for educational leadership program participated in focus groups and a select group returned for individual interviews. Coding was employed to analyze the data. Our participants entered into school leadership as a result of ...


Should I Stay Or Should I Go? Gender Gaps In The Lateral Market For Sec Lawyers, Stephen J. Choi, G. Mitu Gulati, Adam C. Pritchard Dec 2017

Should I Stay Or Should I Go? Gender Gaps In The Lateral Market For Sec Lawyers, Stephen J. Choi, G. Mitu Gulati, Adam C. Pritchard

Law & Economics Working Papers

This article examines the gender gap in the lateral market for government lawyers. Using data on lawyers from the Enforcement Division of the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), from 2004 to 2016, we find the following: First, gender gaps in pay and promotion appear to be minimal. Second, and confounding the first finding, we find significant gaps in assignments, with men receiving the more challenging and career-enhancing projects. Third, men are more likely than women to move laterally; and when they do, are more likely than the women to move to lucrative private sector jobs.


Satisfaction Guaranteed In Spouse Selection: The Dynamics Of Gender And Intergenerational Relations In A Chinese Dating Reality Show, Yue Yin Dec 2017

Satisfaction Guaranteed In Spouse Selection: The Dynamics Of Gender And Intergenerational Relations In A Chinese Dating Reality Show, Yue Yin

Sociology Theses

This study examines a popular TV show about heterosexual dating in contemporary China, entitled Chinese Dating. This television show provides an ongoing social forum on self-articulations of gender identities and intergenerational interactions regarding dating and spouse selection expectations of the participants. Using grounded theory to guide the data analysis, the findings of the gendered differences of spouse-selection criteria in contemporary China denote deep social and cultural expectations for young men and women in a rapidly changing China. The findings of the negotiation process of the two generations indicate the continuing cultural influence of filial piety, which provides a contrasting understanding ...


"It's Camp": Summer Camp Culture, The Renegotiation Of Social Norms And Regulation Of Gender And Sexuality, Penny Harvey Dec 2017

"It's Camp": Summer Camp Culture, The Renegotiation Of Social Norms And Regulation Of Gender And Sexuality, Penny Harvey

Sociology Theses

Summer camps are an important part of U.S culture. 11 million children attend summer camp in the U.S.A each year. Yet, little work has been done to explore the cultural phenomenon of summer camp. At summer camps, there are many implicit and explicit norms regarding sexuality and gender. These norms, in turn, have larger implications for understanding children's development of self, their gender identity, and sexuality. I study summer camp culture at Camp Delaware by interviewing former campers (often referred to as ex-campers) about their experiences. I investigate how summer camp culture both reconstructs and reifies ...


Sexual Education Among Indigenous Ngöbe Costa Ricans: A Tale Of Two Schools, Maria G. Alvarado Dec 2017

Sexual Education Among Indigenous Ngöbe Costa Ricans: A Tale Of Two Schools, Maria G. Alvarado

Anthropology Theses

This research is an ethnographic study of school-based sexual education programs in two rural schools of Costa Rica. The two schools are 5 miles apart; one is inside a Ngöbe indigenous territory and the other is outside. Through participant observation, interviews, surveys, and free-listing exercises I was able to identify broken messages and miscommunication in the implementation of the programs. How the program was initially conceived, what teachers implement, and what students understand as the ‘take-home’ message, are three different things. Additionally, I propose that sex and sexuality has multiple ties with all other aspects of life, such as economic ...


Untidy Endings And Unseen Redemption: The Story Of Michal For Today, Lauren Calvin Cooke Dec 2017

Untidy Endings And Unseen Redemption: The Story Of Michal For Today, Lauren Calvin Cooke

Leaven

No abstract provided.


Biblical Models For Gender Language In Worship, Jeff Miller Dec 2017

Biblical Models For Gender Language In Worship, Jeff Miller

Leaven

No abstract provided.


The New Sexy: A Rhetorical Analysis Of Sherlock, Krystal A. Fogle, Toni Maisano Dec 2017

The New Sexy: A Rhetorical Analysis Of Sherlock, Krystal A. Fogle, Toni Maisano

Conversations: A Graduate Student Journal of the Humanities, Social Sciences, and Theology

In recent history, there have been movements advocating for conversation and change regarding traditional gender roles. As a central part of culture, British television has not escaped this scrutiny. BBC's crime drama Sherlock directed by Steven Moffat has received both critical acclaim and attention from the general public for its portrayal of women. In this essay, we venture into this conversation, and explore portrayals of existing gender roles and how the writers of the show choose to dissent with the audience's expectations of gender portrayal. We examine connections between past and present portrayals of the classic character, Sherlock ...


Gender, Sexual Agency, And Friends With Benefits Relationships, Jasna Jovanovic, Jean Williams Dec 2017

Gender, Sexual Agency, And Friends With Benefits Relationships, Jasna Jovanovic, Jean Williams

Political Science

Recent trends suggest that friends with benefits (FWB) relationships are prevalent among emerging adults on college campuses. Notably, young women are just as likely to participate in these relationships as young men, a finding that differentiates FWBs from heterosexual hook ups, where women traditionally report less participation. As such, it has been suggested that friends with benefits relationships may provide young women an avenue to explore and achieve sexual agency. Yet, whether emerging adults actually perceive friends with benefits relationships as affording women sexual agency has not been explored explicitly. In this study, we focus on female sexual agency and ...


Keynote Address: The Difference "Difference" Makes, Deborah L. Rhode Dec 2017

Keynote Address: The Difference "Difference" Makes, Deborah L. Rhode

Maine Law Review

Over the last two decades, we have witnessed a transformation for women in law, but not a transformation in leadership positions. Almost 30% of lawyers are women, but they represent only about 15% of federal judges and law firm partners, and about 10% of law school deans and general counsel positions at Fortune 500 companies. The same patterns are apparent in other leadership sectors, such as management and politics. Women are half the electorate but only 15% of Congress and 6% of state governors. They account for about half of managers but only 1% of the Chief Executive Officers of ...


Foreword: Law, Labor And Gender, Jennifer B. Wriggins Dec 2017

Foreword: Law, Labor And Gender, Jennifer B. Wriggins

Maine Law Review

The theme of the conference, Law, Labor, & Gender, came out of a working group comprised of law students, lawyers, a judge, and myself. We thought that a number of issues deserved attention, ranging from current jurisprudence on employment discrimination to more theoretical issues having to do with work/family dilemmas. Professor Deborah Rhode kindly accepted our invitation to be the keynote speaker, and various other academic speakers also agreed to present papers. The working group, and the editors of the Maine Law Review, drafted and sent out a call for papers to approximately 1600 law professors and others. The Law ...


The Impact Of Hair On African American Women’S Collective Identity Formation, Ashley R. Garrin, Sara B. Marcketti Dec 2017

The Impact Of Hair On African American Women’S Collective Identity Formation, Ashley R. Garrin, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

The Black Pride and Power Movements of the 1960s and 1970s changed the aesthetic of the larger African American community, promoting self-affirmation and reclaiming African pride. As individuals engaged in the movement, they began to internalize new meanings and understandings of themselves, leading to self-transformation and collective identity that promoted the specific political ideology and agenda of the group. In this research, the lived experiences of African American women who were emerging adults (ages 18–25) during the Civil Rights Movement from 1960 to 1974 were examined, through in-depth interviews, to understand their experiences with wearing natural hairstyles during this ...


Doctoral Candidate And Women’S, Gender, And Sexuality Studies Certificate Participant, Yannick Kluch: An Oral History, Aimee Burns Dec 2017

Doctoral Candidate And Women’S, Gender, And Sexuality Studies Certificate Participant, Yannick Kluch: An Oral History, Aimee Burns

WS 6800/MC 6400 Oral History Interview

2018 marks the 40th anniversary of Bowling Green State University’s Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies program. As a part of a Humanistic Research Methods course, we conducted oral histories to explore a variety of research questions that were concerned with the 40 year evolution of the program. This oral history was conducted with Yannick Kluch, a Doctoral Candidate and Women’s, Gender, and Sexuality Studies certificate participant. Poetic inquiry and collage work were used.


The Mean Girl Phenomenon, Mia Espinoza Dec 2017

The Mean Girl Phenomenon, Mia Espinoza

Gender & Sexuality Studies Student Work Collection

This presentation looks further into the "mean girl phenomenon", what it is and how it came to be. Also looks into how to deal with "mean girls" and at what age it is first noticed in young children. Why women are so competitive with each other is also analyzed.


Picturebooks And Gender : Making Informed Choices For Equitable Early Childhood Classrooms., Kathryn F. Whitmore, Christie Angleton, Emily L. Zuccaro Dec 2017

Picturebooks And Gender : Making Informed Choices For Equitable Early Childhood Classrooms., Kathryn F. Whitmore, Christie Angleton, Emily L. Zuccaro

Kathryn Whitmore

We examine picturebooks through a feminist lens, understanding that children’s literature and media can limit and expand how young children access gender representations. We describe four categories that increase teacher knowledge to select books with multiple and varied gender representations for children in their classrooms. These four categories are gender binaries, discourses of childhood innocence, intersectionality, and heteronormativity. We illustrate each category with two quality books that maintain and disrupt each theme. We hope teachers will find the categories useful for thoughtfully selecting books for classroom libraries, read aloud, and discussion.


Viewing Snapchat Filters Through A Sociological Lens, Mymy Nguyen Dec 2017

Viewing Snapchat Filters Through A Sociological Lens, Mymy Nguyen

Gender & Sexuality Studies Student Work Collection

This project focuses on the sociological analysis of Snapchat filters. As the popularity of the Snapchat app rises, so do the social effects of its filters. These filters may seem harmless and fun, but the underlying messages reinforce Western beauty standards and recreate many different stereotypes.