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Motherhood And Academia: Exploring The Experiences Of Graduate Student And Faculty Mothers Within The Southwestern Ontario Context, Kimberly Hillier Mar 2020

Motherhood And Academia: Exploring The Experiences Of Graduate Student And Faculty Mothers Within The Southwestern Ontario Context, Kimberly Hillier

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A qualitative narrative approach was utilized to explore the experiences of 11 women who balanced or were currently balancing motherhood and academia. The purpose of this qualitative research study was to explore the experiences of graduate student mothers who were currently enrolled in a graduate program, mothers who recently completed a graduate program within a five-year time frame, and faculty members who were mothers at the time of their graduate student careers. More specifically, this study explored the experiences five graduate student mothers; two recent graduates of a graduate program; and four faculty or adjunct employees, from a local university ...


No Turning Back: Exploring Sex Education In The United States, Xiyuan Chen Jan 2020

No Turning Back: Exploring Sex Education In The United States, Xiyuan Chen

Major Papers

Sex education provides valuable information for young people to know and practice safe and appropriate sexual activities. Sex education also educates students on what healthy relationships look like, developing their emotional and psychological well-being. The United States has increasingly adopted sex education for adolescents, who are highly vulnerable age group. However, the programs often only focus on abstinence and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, and to some extent, offer a simplistic discussion around consent. Most however, do not adequately address complicated issues like personal responsibility, open communication, a deeper understanding of gender and gender relations and the incorporation of LGBTQQ ...


(Gendered) Language?: Examining Ceo Demographics During Times Of Change And What The Media Has To Say About It, Nicole Taylor Ms Jan 2020

(Gendered) Language?: Examining Ceo Demographics During Times Of Change And What The Media Has To Say About It, Nicole Taylor Ms

Major Papers

Previous business research indicates that there is a glass ceiling and other obstacles that females face to get to top management positions, specifically a CEO position. The Glass Cliff Phenomenon is a theory coined by Ryan and Haslam (2007) that indicates females are more likely to be appointed to a CEO position in a firm that is in a precarious situation with a high probability of organizational failure. Female CEO representation in public firms, therefore, is incredibly small relative to male CEO representation. This lack of visible representation of women in positions of power, as compared to their male counterparts ...


Chinese Women, Marriage And Gender: Exploring The Idea Of Women And Marriage Over Time In The Context Of China., Siyu Chang Jan 2020

Chinese Women, Marriage And Gender: Exploring The Idea Of Women And Marriage Over Time In The Context Of China., Siyu Chang

Major Papers

Chinese women who pursue professional careers must secure degrees in higher education and often require graduate degrees; however, in China, women are expected to be married and have begun a family by their mid-twenties. While, it is also a prime time for women to pursue their education and career advancement. Thus, Chinese women’s familial expectations and academic goals often come into conflict. The phenomenon of young people being pushed to marry is more common among women. Some people believe that a woman who does not marry at this age has failed to conform to social expectations and may be ...


Social Information Processing Deficits, Intimate Partner Violence, And Coercive Control In Dating Couples, Jillian Glasgow Nov 2019

Social Information Processing Deficits, Intimate Partner Violence, And Coercive Control In Dating Couples, Jillian Glasgow

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current study investigated how social information processing (SIP) deficits are related to intimate partner violence (IPV) and coercive control among heterosexual dating couples. I assessed four steps of Crick and Dodge’s (1994) six-step SIP model, namely: attitudes and attributions, goal setting, coping response generation, and coping response selection. I used Dutton and Goodman’s (2006) theorized model of coercive control, which included assessing demands, surveillance, threats, and victims’ responses to demands. I hypothesized that (a) SIP deficits would be interrelated; (b) participants responding in timed conditions would show more SIP deficits, given theory and research (e.g., Eckhardt ...


Gender And The Body: Exploring The Relationship Between Eating Disorders And Sexual Activity, Emma Foong Jun 2019

Gender And The Body: Exploring The Relationship Between Eating Disorders And Sexual Activity, Emma Foong

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Drawing from the insights provided by feminist theory, this study explored the relationship between eating disorders, body image, and sexual activity. The desire behind most individuals with eating disorders is to achieve a “perfect body” (Barth & Starkman, 2016). Key to this inquiry was to find out whether or not a positive body image led to an increase of sexual activity, and if a negative body image led to a decrease of sexual activity. Using a qualitative methodology, this study employed semi-structured interviews, participants expressed that on days they feel confident about their bodies, they were more likely to engage in ...


Popular Music And Gender Equity: Integrating Popular Music Into Gender Studies In Grade 9-12, Jiayi Wang Jan 2019

Popular Music And Gender Equity: Integrating Popular Music Into Gender Studies In Grade 9-12, Jiayi Wang

Major Papers

Equity studies has been indicated in Ontario’s social sciences curriculum, and gender equity is included in the grade 11 course “Gender Studies.” Popular music, a crucial part of popular culture, is one of the favourite pastimes among adolescents. The relationship between popular music and gender equity as well as the educational value of popular music has been discussed extensively in both the music and sociology areas. Connecting to gender equity education in schools, this paper demonstrates how gender topics are displayed in popular music and the implications of using 21st-century popular music to discuss gender equity in ...


Multiplicative Advantages Of Hispanic Men Living In Hispanic Enclaves: Intersectionality In Colon Cancer Care: A Research Note, Keren M. Escobar, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin M. Gorey Jan 2019

Multiplicative Advantages Of Hispanic Men Living In Hispanic Enclaves: Intersectionality In Colon Cancer Care: A Research Note, Keren M. Escobar, Mollie Sivaram, Kevin M. Gorey

Social Work Publications

We examined Hispanic enclave paradoxical effects on cancer care among socioeconomically vulnerable people in pre-Obamacare California. We conducted a secondary analysis of a historical cohort of 511 Hispanic and 1,753 non-Hispanic white people with colon cancer. Hispanic enclaves were neighborhoods where 40% or more of the residents were Hispanic, mostly first-generation Mexican American immigrants. An interaction of ethnicity, gender, and Hispanic enclave status was observed such that the protective effects of living in a Hispanic enclave were larger for Hispanic men, particularly married Hispanic men, than women. Risks were also exposed among other study groups: the poor, the inadequately ...


“Too Many Boys In My Major”: Exploring The Gendered Experiences Of International Students At Home And Away, Jieyun Zhao Sep 2018

“Too Many Boys In My Major”: Exploring The Gendered Experiences Of International Students At Home And Away, Jieyun Zhao

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

My main objective in conducting this research study is to explore the gendered experiences of six international undergraduate students in their home countries, and in Canada. Studying as a graduate student in the Faculty of Education focusing on education administration, together with the support from the ISC (International Students Center) administrators, I was able to conduct research in the University X, Ontario, Canada. I used a case study method as my qualitative research strategy, and interview process as my research method. Personal interviews were conducted with each of the six participants, who were all international undergraduate students studying at the ...


Double Chins And Double Standards: A Meta-Analysis Of Weight-Based Bullying Amongst Female Adolescents, Juliah Distefano Jan 2018

Double Chins And Double Standards: A Meta-Analysis Of Weight-Based Bullying Amongst Female Adolescents, Juliah Distefano

Major Papers

Scholars are beginning to explore and understand the experiences of adolescent females in regards to weight-based bullying in their elementary school setting (Puhl, R. M., Luedicke, J., & Heuer, C. (2011). Weight‐based victimization toward overweight adolescents: observations and reactions of peers. Journal of School Health, 81(11), 696-703). The educational and social implications that weight-based bullying has amongst female adolescents can include: poor academic achievement coupled with a low degree of comfort when participating vocally in the classroom, the inability to initiate and maintain friendships, and an unwillingness to participate in extracurricular sports and activities. This should be cause for ...


Profound Barriers To Basic Cancer Care Most Notably Experienced By Uninsured Women: Historical Note On The Present Policy Considerations, Amy M. Alberton, Kevin M. Gorey Jan 2017

Profound Barriers To Basic Cancer Care Most Notably Experienced By Uninsured Women: Historical Note On The Present Policy Considerations, Amy M. Alberton, Kevin M. Gorey

Social Work Publications

America is considering the replacement of Obamacare with Trumpcare. This historical cohort revisited pre-Obamacare colon cancer care among people living in poverty in California (N = 5,776). It affirmed a gender by health insurance hypothesis on nonreceipt of surgery such that uninsured women were at greater risk than uninsured men. Uninsured women were three times as likely as insured women to be denied access to such basic care. Similar men were two times as likely. America is bound to repeat such profound health care inequities if Obamacare is repealed. Instead, Obamacare ought to be retained and strengthened in all states ...


Comfort Women: The 1946-1948 Tokyo War Crimes Trials And Historical Blindness, Kathryn J. Witt Ms. Sep 2016

Comfort Women: The 1946-1948 Tokyo War Crimes Trials And Historical Blindness, Kathryn J. Witt Ms.

The Great Lakes Journal of Undergraduate History

This essay analyzes why the comfort women were not mentioned until recent decades. The essay starts with an overview of Japan’s colonization and formation of the Comfort Women system; next, the history of the women and a comparison between the Korean and Dutch comfort women are being compared before going into the Tokyo War Crimes Trials. It discusses historical blindness through the Tokyo War Crimes Trials. There are three factors into how the United States government officials, including General Douglas MacArthur and Joseph Berry Keenan, manipulated the trials: United States government’s conduct, the general view on gender crimes ...


Gender Differences On The Interacting Effects Of Marital Status And Health Insurance On Long-Term Colon Cancer Survival In California, 1995-2014, Derek Campbell, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Caroline Hamm, Eric J. Holowaty Jan 2016

Gender Differences On The Interacting Effects Of Marital Status And Health Insurance On Long-Term Colon Cancer Survival In California, 1995-2014, Derek Campbell, Kevin M. Gorey, Isaac N. Luginaah, Guangyong Zou, Caroline Hamm, Eric J. Holowaty

Social Work Publications

Objectives. Long-term colon cancer survival is not well explained by main effects. We explored the interaction of age, gender, marital status, health insurance and poverty on 10-year colon cancer survival.

Methods. California registry data were analyzed for 5,776 people diagnosed from 1995 to 2000; followed until 2014. Census data classified neighborhood poverty. We tested interactions with regressions and described them with standardized rates and rate ratios (RR).

Results. The 5-way interaction was significant, suggesting larger 4-way disadvantages among non-Medicare-eligible people. A significant 4-way interaction was a 3-way interaction in non-high poverty neighborhoods only. Private insurance was protective for unmarried ...


How Can I Help? How Emerging Adults Respond To Victims Of Dating Aggression, Jillian Catherine Siobhan Glasgow Oct 2015

How Can I Help? How Emerging Adults Respond To Victims Of Dating Aggression, Jillian Catherine Siobhan Glasgow

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current study investigated how young adults (i.e., helpers) who are approached by a dating aggression (DA) victim respond to the victim. It was hypothesized that most helpers would give helpful responses, that women would give more helpful responses than men, that female victims would receive more helpful responses than male victims, and that helpers’ attributions and attitudes would predict type of responses given. Students (N = 162) completed online measures of demographics, hostile attribution bias, attitudes about gender roles, attitudes about DA, and questions assessing help-giving experiences. Helpers gave more helpful than unhelpful responses, men gave more unhelpful responses ...


Selfie, Laryssa Lillian Brooks Oct 2015

Selfie, Laryssa Lillian Brooks

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A complex field with many intersections such as race, class, and sexuality, feminism has many dialogues and tensions. Selfie is a creative text that examines the tensions surrounding white, middle-class North American women. Surrounded by patriarchal mass media such as television shows, movies, and books, these young women are inundated with a dominant encouraged identity situated within a heterosexual gender binary; it invalidates the actual lived experiences of women. Consequently, feminists and non-feminists alike disagree on a clear definition of “woman.” This conflict has escalated to the gender policing of women by women, and a significant decrease in the number ...


The Role Of Gender On Perceptions Of Stalking And Harassment Behaviour Within Same And Cross-Sex Relationships: Evidence From University And Law Enforcement Samples, Heather Alison Finnegan Jul 2015

The Role Of Gender On Perceptions Of Stalking And Harassment Behaviour Within Same And Cross-Sex Relationships: Evidence From University And Law Enforcement Samples, Heather Alison Finnegan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Researchers investigating perceptions of stalking have enhanced understanding of the role of gender (i.e., perceived social roles based on sex) on subjective appraisals of harassment behaviour following the dissolution of a romantic relationship. According to data collected from student and community samples, a man harassing a woman (M-W) elicits greater recommendations for police intervention, as well as a tendency to anticipate more harm, than when the same behaviour is perpetrated by a woman against a man (W-M; Cass, 2008; Finnegan & Fritz, 2012; Phillips et al., 2004; Sheridan & Scott, 2010). Although cases of stalking often come to the attention of law enforcement ...


British Army Women In The Seven Years' War, Celena M. Meloche Nov 2014

British Army Women In The Seven Years' War, Celena M. Meloche

The Great Lakes Journal of Undergraduate History

During the Seven Years' War, many soldiers' wives and female camp followers contributed to the British war effort in numerous ways and did so in the face of great oppression. Using the themes of labour, conditions and dangers, sexual and domestic life, illicit activities, and discipline and punishment, this essay will demonstrate that both the presence and labour of women within the army were essential to British success because without women the army would have been strained to recruit, maintain, and care for its soldiers. It will also show that, to contribute to the war effort, army women were expected ...


Reading Relationships In Jane Austen's Mansfield Park And Pride And Prejudice, Joanna Claire Bell Marzec Jan 2014

Reading Relationships In Jane Austen's Mansfield Park And Pride And Prejudice, Joanna Claire Bell Marzec

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This multi-disciplinary study of reading in Austen's Mansfield Park and Pride and Prejudice investigates the relationships of people, books, and ways of reading as represented in these books, placing them in the context of reading practices in Austen's time. The first chapter examines reading materials and reading spaces in Austen's period, showing how Austen's representation of books and libraries reveals character and social expectations. Chapter Two focuses on the reading practices of the eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries, arguing that the way characters read sheds light on their social interactions. The performative aspect of reading, particularly ...


Gender, Class And Curriculum At W.D. Lowe Technical Secondary School, 1923-1973: A Study In Continuity And Change, Kael Rodrique Sharman Jan 2014

Gender, Class And Curriculum At W.D. Lowe Technical Secondary School, 1923-1973: A Study In Continuity And Change, Kael Rodrique Sharman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In June 1973, a series of contextual changes took their toll, ending the means by which W.D. Lowe Technical School (WDLTS, previously called Windsor-Walkerville Technical School) enriched Windsor's students for 50 years, marking the end of a unique kind of academic performance. Its story punctuated with external influences compounding to create a school culturally earmarked with the moniker `Lowe Tech'. However, while historical aspects of policy, attitudes, and pragmatic foci of technical schools have changed, the particular approach WDLTS had in building the technical and creative capacities of students have yet to be investigated. WDLTS offers compelling insights ...


Not A Yes Or No Question: Critical Perspectives On Sex And Gender In Forensic Anthropology, Greyson Jones Jan 2014

Not A Yes Or No Question: Critical Perspectives On Sex And Gender In Forensic Anthropology, Greyson Jones

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For the forensic anthropologist, the estimation of sex comprises the first step in the process of identification of human skeletal remains. This study employs the use of third-wave and post-structural feminist, and queer theories in order to analyze how processes of inequality interact with our understanding of human biolologies, specifically surrounding the notions of sex and gender, and to assess the impacts of these inequalities on the methodologies and discourses in the discipline. Through the use of critical discourse analysis, I demonstrate how forensic anthropology ideologically conceives of sexual difference in four ways: 1) as reducible to only biology; 2 ...


Tense Collaborations And Exchange Interrupted: Gendered Participation In Ecological Agriculture Projects In Post-Neoliberal(?) Bolivia, Jenny J. Cockburn Jan 2013

Tense Collaborations And Exchange Interrupted: Gendered Participation In Ecological Agriculture Projects In Post-Neoliberal(?) Bolivia, Jenny J. Cockburn

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A Bolivian development NGO's effort to increase the scope and value of ecological agriculture, agrobiodiversity and food sovereignty in its work with marginalized farming communities in Norte de Potosí, shares these concerns with the Bolivian State. Yet tensions run high between applying neoliberal frameworks to 'empower' farmers and resisting neoliberal approaches to strengthen Bolivia's sovereignty vis-à-vis the global North. Despite a significant backlash, neoliberalism continues to complicate sustainable development, participatory ideals and local/scientific knowledges, by both facilitating and challenging efforts toward collaboration. This becomes most clear when examined through the lens of gender. To analyze this process ...


The Rhetoric Of Store-Window Mannequins, Emma Engdahl, Marie Gelang, Kurt Zemlicka May 2011

The Rhetoric Of Store-Window Mannequins, Emma Engdahl, Marie Gelang, Kurt Zemlicka

OSSA Conference Archive

This collaborative paper examines the visual rhetoric of mannequins: the embodied media representation of the future consumer. Citing material evidence from Sweden, the USA, Egypt, Singapore, and China, the paper explores the visual arguments of mannequins as they embody female and male con-structions of identity, position, and power, both reflecting and shaping social doxa with regard to gender norms, sexuality, religious behavior, end even nationality.


Does Female Directorship On Independent Audit Committees Constrain Earnings Management?, Jerry Sun, Guoping Liu, George Lan Jan 2011

Does Female Directorship On Independent Audit Committees Constrain Earnings Management?, Jerry Sun, Guoping Liu, George Lan

Odette School of Business Publications

This study examines whether the gender of the directors on fully independent audit committees affects the ability of the committees in constraining earnings management and thus their effectiveness in overseeing the financial reporting process. Using a sample of 525 firm-year observations over the period 2003 to 2005, we are unable to identify an association between the proportion of female directors on audit committees and the extent of earnings management.