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Skin: Stories, Poems, And Essays, Amanda G. Hadlock May 2020

Skin: Stories, Poems, And Essays, Amanda G. Hadlock

MSU Graduate Theses

This thesis begins with a critical introduction which analyzes the use of objective correlative and varying points of view in creative writing in order to generate dialogue on cultural issues. I relate theories from Edward T. Hall, T.S. Eliot, Mikhail Bakhtin, and Lubomír Doležel to my own writing. Additionally, I situate my own multi-genre writing with work of contemporaries such as Maggie Nelson and Claudia Rankine. My hypothesis is that writers can use an objective correlative (Eliot) from the top of the cultural iceberg (Hall) as an entry point to representing deeper, more fraught cultural issues. Additionally ...


Biological Sex As A Moderator Of The Association Of Military Sexual Trauma And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Total And Symptom Cluster Severity, Hallie S. Tannahill May 2020

Biological Sex As A Moderator Of The Association Of Military Sexual Trauma And Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Total And Symptom Cluster Severity, Hallie S. Tannahill

All Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a multifaceted disorder comprised of distinct symptom clusters and is commonly diagnosed in military service members/veterans (SM/Vs), particularly in those with history of military sexual trauma (MST). Evidence and theory suggest that females and males may have different traumatic responses following MST, though research investigating this association has limitations, such as modeling the sexes separately or not covarying for MST severity. The current study examined the moderating role of sex on the association of MST severity and PTSD total and symptom cluster severity. Participants were 1,161 SM/Vs (female: n = 782, 67 ...


A Narrative Inquiry To Explore The Connection Between Gender And Discipline In Grades Pre-K–8, Nicole Salazar Feb 2020

A Narrative Inquiry To Explore The Connection Between Gender And Discipline In Grades Pre-K–8, Nicole Salazar

All Dissertations, Theses, and Capstone Projects

Because behavioral discipline can impact children’s development, it is important to ensure that educators work in fair and unbiased ways with all children, across gender, race, and other groups. Biased disciplining of children’s behavior in classrooms can occur as micro-aggressions (McCabe, 2009), sometimes counter to what educators may believe about their own behavior. As a means of raising awareness of gender-biased treatment in classrooms, this thesis involved narrating – a dynamic activity that elicits accounts of events – and thus as a means of reflecting on behavior in everyday practices. Educators anonymously completed a questionnaire requesting narratives of various disciplinary ...


No Turning Back: Exploring Sex Education In The United States, Xiyuan Chen Jan 2020

No Turning Back: Exploring Sex Education In The United States, Xiyuan Chen

Major Papers

Sex education provides valuable information for young people to know and practice safe and appropriate sexual activities. Sex education also educates students on what healthy relationships look like, developing their emotional and psychological well-being. The United States has increasingly adopted sex education for adolescents, who are highly vulnerable age group. However, the programs often only focus on abstinence and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases, and to some extent, offer a simplistic discussion around consent. Most however, do not adequately address complicated issues like personal responsibility, open communication, a deeper understanding of gender and gender relations and the incorporation of LGBTQQ ...


(Gendered) Language?: Examining Ceo Demographics During Times Of Change And What The Media Has To Say About It, Nicole Taylor Ms Jan 2020

(Gendered) Language?: Examining Ceo Demographics During Times Of Change And What The Media Has To Say About It, Nicole Taylor Ms

Major Papers

Previous business research indicates that there is a glass ceiling and other obstacles that females face to get to top management positions, specifically a CEO position. The Glass Cliff Phenomenon is a theory coined by Ryan and Haslam (2007) that indicates females are more likely to be appointed to a CEO position in a firm that is in a precarious situation with a high probability of organizational failure. Female CEO representation in public firms, therefore, is incredibly small relative to male CEO representation. This lack of visible representation of women in positions of power, as compared to their male counterparts ...


Resistant Female Cyborgs In Brazil, M. Elizabeth Ginway Jan 2020

Resistant Female Cyborgs In Brazil, M. Elizabeth Ginway

Alambique. Revista académica de ciencia ficción y fantasía / Jornal acadêmico de ficção científica e fantasía

In her oft-cited “A Cyborg Manifesto,” Donna Haraway conceptualizes the cyborg as a feminist possibility, emphasizing the need for a self-created, self-engendered female (150). In How We Became Posthuman (1999), N. Katherine Hayles examines the development of cybernetic theory from the 1940s to the present, linking its history to portrayals of cyborgs and artificial intelligence in science fiction. I argue that the combination of change and tradition embodied by Brazilian cyborgs must be understood within the history and paradigms of Latin American culture and its ambivalent attitudes towards modernity. To understand Brazil’s female cyborgs, I apply Bolívar Echeverría’s ...


Women, Wars, And Nations: How Conflict Can Change The Norms Of Nationalism, Rebecca Russavage Jan 2020

Women, Wars, And Nations: How Conflict Can Change The Norms Of Nationalism, Rebecca Russavage

Student Publications

This thesis examines the impact of conflict on female participation in nationalism. Given that nationalism is an inherently gendered concept, it is assumed that conflict will provide both motivation and opportunity for women to challenge the norms of their society and be active participants in the nationalist conversation. This hypothesis is examined through the lens of passive, active, and rejective nationalism. Each represents a different level of engagement and challenge to the social norms in question. While each context is different, the evidence shows that while conflict does provide motivation to engage in conflict, the necessary opportunities for women to ...


Chinese Women, Marriage And Gender: Exploring The Idea Of Women And Marriage Over Time In The Context Of China., Siyu Chang Jan 2020

Chinese Women, Marriage And Gender: Exploring The Idea Of Women And Marriage Over Time In The Context Of China., Siyu Chang

Major Papers

Chinese women who pursue professional careers must secure degrees in higher education and often require graduate degrees; however, in China, women are expected to be married and have begun a family by their mid-twenties. While, it is also a prime time for women to pursue their education and career advancement. Thus, Chinese women’s familial expectations and academic goals often come into conflict. The phenomenon of young people being pushed to marry is more common among women. Some people believe that a woman who does not marry at this age has failed to conform to social expectations and may be ...


Are Female Executives Receiving Adequate Capital Financing? An Analysis Of Gender Disparity On Venture Capital Funding, Lina Aluzri Jan 2020

Are Female Executives Receiving Adequate Capital Financing? An Analysis Of Gender Disparity On Venture Capital Funding, Lina Aluzri

CMC Senior Theses

This paper examines the inequalities that exist between male and female CEO’s and other top executives by analyzing the effect of gender diversity when it comes to venture capital funding and firm performance. Building off of previous research, I focus on three major areas. First, I utilize data from 2016 to 2018 found in PitchBook and Wharton Research Data Services (WRDS). Second, I explore the effect of firm performance prior to funding on the amount of capital received. Third, I narrow down the analysis of firms to 364 companies that were once venture capital backed and have successfully exited ...


White Women Who Lead: God, Girlfriends, And Diversity Projects In A National Evangelical Ministry, Kelsy Burke, Amy Mcdowell Jan 2020

White Women Who Lead: God, Girlfriends, And Diversity Projects In A National Evangelical Ministry, Kelsy Burke, Amy Mcdowell

Sociology Department, Faculty Publications

A robust body of literature has used feminist analysis to study white evangelical women in the United States, but few of these studies have addressed the reproduction of racial inequality. Beginning with the assumption that women-led evangelical ministries are racialized organizations, the authors examine the relationship between racial and gender ideologies and the messages of white evangelical women leaders at the IF:Gathering, a popular annual Christian women’s conference in the United States. On the surface, the women who lead IF embody a contradiction: they support the conservative gender ideology of evangelicalism while challenging this religious tradition by encouraging ...


Fanm Pa Chita: Mobilities, Intimate Labour, And Political Subjectivities Among Haitian Women On The Move, Masaya Llavaneras Blanco Jan 2020

Fanm Pa Chita: Mobilities, Intimate Labour, And Political Subjectivities Among Haitian Women On The Move, Masaya Llavaneras Blanco

Theses and Dissertations (Comprehensive)

This dissertation asks: how does intimate labour interact with the mobility and political subjectivities of Haitian migrant women and women of Haitian descent in the Dominican Republic (DR)? It answers this question in three specific ways. First, it explains the relationship between intimate labour and the spatial trajectories of women of Haitian ancestry who work as domestic workers. Second, it examines how the interaction between intimate labour and human mobility plays out in the Dominican border regime. Third, it explains how these subaltern women act politically in the midst of the intersections between borders, mobilities, and intimacy.

The dissertation proposes ...


Tracing Change In Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting Through Social Networks: An Intersectional Analysis Of The Influence Of Gender, Generation, Status, And Structural Inequality, Amadou Moreau, Bettina Shell-Duncan Jan 2020

Tracing Change In Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting Through Social Networks: An Intersectional Analysis Of The Influence Of Gender, Generation, Status, And Structural Inequality, Amadou Moreau, Bettina Shell-Duncan

Reproductive Health

Policies and programs designed to eliminate female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) in Senegal have been implemented over several decades, but the practice has been surprisingly tenacious. Strategies for accelerating abandonment have been informed by theories of change, and social norms theory, in particular, has become a prominent framework for understanding behavior change dynamics. FGM/C is held in place by interdependent normative expectations: what one family chooses to do is linked to expectations of others and reinforced through social sanctions. Hence, a key strategy for promoting behavior change rests on coordinating change in norms and behavior among people who ...


Gender Ideology And Impressions Toward Opposite-Gendered Coworkers, Pamela Singleton Jan 2020

Gender Ideology And Impressions Toward Opposite-Gendered Coworkers, Pamela Singleton

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

To achieve organizational effectiveness, leaders must examine what impacts productivity, such as workplace equality for women hindered to the point of exclusion and discrimination. The purpose of this correlational study was to determine if gender ideology, as the predictor variable, and male and female impressions toward an opposite-gendered coworker, as the criterion variable, predicts an individual's impressions toward an opposite-gendered coworker, in alignment with gender role theory. The Gender Role Ideology measure was used to assess perceptions about appropriate roles for men and women, and Coworker Resource Scale was used to assess the nature of coworker relationships among 203 ...


Gender Differences And Neurocognitive Function In Cocaine And Methamphetamine Addiction, Gwendolyn F. Royal-Smith Jan 2020

Gender Differences And Neurocognitive Function In Cocaine And Methamphetamine Addiction, Gwendolyn F. Royal-Smith

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

Abstract

Cocaine and methamphetamine-addicted women are more likely to suffer from personal life

traumas that lead to persistent and committed drug abuse. In addition to social-psychological

problems associated with drug abuse are neuropsychological processes involving specific regions

of the brain responsible for working memory, decision-making, and impulse control. Classical

and operant conditioning theories of learning provide a paradigm foundation for this quantitative,

correlational study that utilized archival data from the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA).

I analyzed a randomly selected sample of 186 adults who voluntarily participated in an eight

week treatment program for cocaine and methamphetamine (MA) addiction ...


Ch 16 Kulik Trainingchapter 2019-05-23 Final.Pdf, Carol T. Kulik, Mara Olekalns, Ruchi Sinha Dec 2019

Ch 16 Kulik Trainingchapter 2019-05-23 Final.Pdf, Carol T. Kulik, Mara Olekalns, Ruchi Sinha

Mara Olekalns

The story by now is familiar:  Women are reluctant to initiate negotiations in the workplace. When women do negotiate, they ask for too little, they are too willing to accept early offers, andthey are too quick to accommodate. As a result, women are repeatedly disadvantaged in salary, developmental opportunities, and other resources that they need for successful careers.  In this chapter, we consider whether women-focused negotiation training might offer a gendered solution to the gendered problems that women face in workplace negotiations.  Historically, negotiation training has focused on best practices that are treated as gender-blind.  In contrast, women-focused negotiation training ...


Representations Of Women And Minorities Groups In Comics, Laticia Donelle Marshall Dec 2019

Representations Of Women And Minorities Groups In Comics, Laticia Donelle Marshall

Master's Theses

The focus of this research is to examine the representation of women and minority groups within comic books. Comic books are a cultural product that involves many actors when it comes to changing the representations of women and minorities. Therefore, this research focused on examining not only literary works but also the actions and contributions of producers and consumers throughout the publication of American comics. In the chapters, I examined the various representations of women, African Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asians in comic books. To conduct my research on changing cultural productions, I used the method of textual analysis ...


Violence Against Women And Girls In Harare, Zimbabwe, Maybe Zengenene, Emy Susanti Dec 2019

Violence Against Women And Girls In Harare, Zimbabwe, Maybe Zengenene, Emy Susanti

Journal of International Women's Studies

This article explores the phenomenon of violence against women and girls in Harare, Zimbabwe. Section 25 of the Constitution of Zimbabwe stipulates that the State and all agencies of the government at every level must protect and foster the institutions to adopt measures for the prevention of violence. Regardless of such recognition, there have been rampant incidences of politically motivated and domestic violence against women and girls in the country. Domestic violence against women and girls is a violation of the Constitution of Zimbabwe and all of the treaties, conventions, charters and optional protocols on the rights of women. Owing ...


Gender, Religion And Patriarchy: The Educational Discrimination Of Coastal Madurese Women, East Java, Sudarso Sudarso, Phillipus Edy Keban, Siti Mas’Udah Dec 2019

Gender, Religion And Patriarchy: The Educational Discrimination Of Coastal Madurese Women, East Java, Sudarso Sudarso, Phillipus Edy Keban, Siti Mas’Udah

Journal of International Women's Studies

One of the educational development problems is the gap in the quality of education between regions and community groups, as well as gender. This article has examined gender, religion, patriarchy and the educational discrimination faced by coastal women who are a part of the Madura culture in East Java. This study employed a qualitative approach by interviewing 70 informants who consisted of school dropouts, the parents of daughters who had dropped out, teachers, and community leaders. This study found there to be several key findings. In the Madura culture, the concept of gender for women is always associated with the ...


Evaluating Perceptions Of Student Voice And School Membership Of 9th Grade Students And Teachers, Dan Beck Dec 2019

Evaluating Perceptions Of Student Voice And School Membership Of 9th Grade Students And Teachers, Dan Beck

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adolescence marks a developmental period of rapid cognitive, emotional, and physical growth where teenagers are tasked with establishing an identity and strong sense of self. Students and parents often report that transition to ninth grade is a formidable social challenge amidst increased academic demands and stress, and some research suggests that females have a more difficult time in the transition to high school than males. Student voice is a range of student opportunities to interact, collaborate, and partner with adults in an exploration of ideas and perspectives. However, student voice opportunities are often only available to a select group of ...


Females In Stem: Self-Efficacy Within Women Who Pursue Stem Majors, Lori Grata Dec 2019

Females In Stem: Self-Efficacy Within Women Who Pursue Stem Majors, Lori Grata

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

While many efforts have been made within the United States, women are still underrepresented within STEM. Research within this document shows that women and men score similarly on STEM-related standardized tests. The question remains, why are there still large quantities of men outnumbering women in college majors and career fields of STEM? Looking at female STEM self-efficacy and gender role in culture could provide insight to the problem at hand. A survey was given to investigate self-efficacy and students’ STEM backgrounds of undergraduate female students who are currently in a 4-year STEM-related major within one university.


The Impact Of #Metoo: A Review Of Leaders With Supervisor Power On Employee Motivation, Mary Kovach Dec 2019

The Impact Of #Metoo: A Review Of Leaders With Supervisor Power On Employee Motivation, Mary Kovach

The Journal of Values-Based Leadership

This manuscript intends to advance existing research, specifically, in gender dissimilar supervisor-employee workplace dyads by integrating #MeToo with our existing knowledge concerning supervisor power and employee motivation. With the #MeToo movement re-energized in 2017, power in leadership positions was redefined. As a result, power held by a supervisor is likely to influence outcomes based on gender and the employees’ source of motivation. Supervisors who believed they were successful through influence were more likely to exhibit power to achieve success. However, employees’ source of the motivation was a moderating factor in those outcomes. Meaning, outcomes were dependent on the type of ...


Pink Tax, Rachel Y. Thorsness Dec 2019

Pink Tax, Rachel Y. Thorsness

Gender & Sexuality Studies Student Work Collection

Abstract: The pink tax is the extra amount the average woman is charged for basic products or services. Even though these products contain the same ingredients as those marketed to men, there is a considerable difference in the amount women are paying. This tax is seen on personal care products, children toys, and auto-insurance.


Gender Roles In The United States, Robert Bush Dec 2019

Gender Roles In The United States, Robert Bush

Student Publications

Can men and women be separate but equal? In our modern society, equality of the sexes is generally accepted as a fact. However, according to Separate Spheres Ideology, women and men have different spaces in society where they fit best. This ideology traditionally says that women belong in the home and in situations involving child care, while men are better suited for the workplace (Miller & Borgida, 2016). Can men and women be expected to fulfill separate roles in society and still be treated as equals? What positive or negative effects do gender roles have on individuals and organizations? Are societal ...


Demographic Variables And Academic Discipline As Determinants Of Undergraduates’ Use Of Electronic Library Resources In Federal Universities In South-West, Nigeria, Adefunke Sarah Ebijuwa, Iyabo Mabawonku Professor Dec 2019

Demographic Variables And Academic Discipline As Determinants Of Undergraduates’ Use Of Electronic Library Resources In Federal Universities In South-West, Nigeria, Adefunke Sarah Ebijuwa, Iyabo Mabawonku Professor

Library Philosophy and Practice (e-journal)

Undergraduates use electronic library resources for academic activities because it offers access to relevant and current information from different subject areas. Literature review indicated that undergraduates’ use of electronic library resources is low in Nigeria owing to a number of factors that are largely attributed to user’s attitude, computer literacy and information retrieval skills, but, little attention was given to factors such as demographic variables and academic discipline. This study, therefore, examined demographic variables (age, gender) and academic discipline as determinants of undergraduates’ use of electronic library resources in in federal universities in South-west, Nigeria. The descriptive survey research ...


A Crisis For Women's Rights: Surveying Feticide Statutes For Content, Coverage, And Constitutionality, Lawrence J. Nelson Dec 2019

A Crisis For Women's Rights: Surveying Feticide Statutes For Content, Coverage, And Constitutionality, Lawrence J. Nelson

University of Denver Criminal Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Female's Profession: Gender Disparity In Occupational Therapy, Jodi Collins Dec 2019

A Female's Profession: Gender Disparity In Occupational Therapy, Jodi Collins

Honors Theses

Occupational therapy celebrated it’s one hundredth anniversary in becoming an established therapy in 2017. The history between 1917 and 2017 is rich with stories of origin, adaptation, and assimilation. The initial need of occupational therapy was to assist in rehabilitation efforts of soldiers assigned to combat in World War I, yet as history has unraveled, the need for the therapy has manifested and is now used on individuals of all ages and walks of life. Upon the initial creation of the therapy, females made up the entire field of then termed “reconstruction aides” due to the high number of ...


Navigating Cultures And Development: An Account Of A Female Peace Corps Volunteer In Morocco, Renee Palecek Dec 2019

Navigating Cultures And Development: An Account Of A Female Peace Corps Volunteer In Morocco, Renee Palecek

Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development to Stevenson Center for Community and Economic Development—Student Research

Little is known of how the “doers” of development may navigate regarding her community’s culture and her job in international development. This lack of knowledge leads to the erasure of experiences, felt both by the volunteer herself, as well as the community members she works with. Through autoethnographic methodology, and analysis, I retell my experiences and entanglements as a Peace Corps volunteer in Morocco with Moroccan institutions and culture, with my own identities and prior American socialization. I examine three questions: (1) How does the female PCV in Morocco make sense out of and create value from life events ...


Persistence Of Non-Communicable Diseases, Affluence And Inequality In India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha Dec 2019

Persistence Of Non-Communicable Diseases, Affluence And Inequality In India, Veena S. Kulkarni, Vani S. Kulkarni, Raghav Gaiha

Population Center Working Papers (PSC/PARC)

This study builds on the extant literature by highlighting the persistence of non-communicable diseases (NCDs), their cross-associations, and how these diseases are linked to different forms of inequality-socio-economic, gaps in affluence measured by asset quartile, and in the overall economic environment, based on a nation-wide panel survey, India Human Development Survey 2015. A multinomial probit specification is used to analyse NCD outcomes. Those at the bottom of the caste hierarchy and least wealthy exhibit lowest vulnerability to NCDs despite their deprivation and limited access to healthcare facilities while those at the higher end of the caste hierarchy and the wealthiest ...


Gender Pay Equity Analytics: A Case Study Of A Large Multinational Company, Linda Barrington, Kevin F. Hallock Dec 2019

Gender Pay Equity Analytics: A Case Study Of A Large Multinational Company, Linda Barrington, Kevin F. Hallock

Articles and Chapters

Compensation inequity is a key metric of workplace inequality. But there is scant documentation of internal company practices regarding gender pay equity and analytics. We present a rare case study of one company’s internal pay equity analytics. Using (anonymized) microdata from a single firm with more than 10,000 employees within ten selected countries, we estimated within-firm gender pay gaps, controlling for a host of measurable employee characteristics. We supplement these quantitative findings with some qualitative information about the organization’s associated HR practices for hiring and performance review as they relate to compensation. We also discuss the control ...


Gender Pay Equity Analytics: A Case Study Of A Large Multinational Company, Linda Barrington, Kevin F. Hallock Dec 2019

Gender Pay Equity Analytics: A Case Study Of A Large Multinational Company, Linda Barrington, Kevin F. Hallock

Institute for Compensation Studies

Compensation inequity is a key metric of workplace inequality. But there is scant documentation of internal company practices regarding gender pay equity and analytics. We present a rare case study of one company’s internal pay equity analytics. Using (anonymized) microdata from a single firm with more than 10,000 employees within ten selected countries, we estimated within-firm gender pay gaps, controlling for a host of measurable employee characteristics. We supplement these quantitative findings with some qualitative information about the organization’s associated HR practices for hiring and performance review as they relate to compensation. We also discuss the control ...