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Constitution

1996

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Institution
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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

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The Constitution And Racial Preference In Law School Admissions, Robert A. Sedler Nov 1996

The Constitution And Racial Preference In Law School Admissions, Robert A. Sedler

Law Faculty Research Publications

No abstract provided.


The Gallows To The Gurney: Analyzing The (Un)Constitutionality Of The Methods Of Execution, Roberta M. Harding Oct 1996

The Gallows To The Gurney: Analyzing The (Un)Constitutionality Of The Methods Of Execution, Roberta M. Harding

Law Faculty Scholarly Articles

The objective of this article is to examine this issue by formulating an analytical framework for determining when methods of execution constitute cruel and unusual punishment. This task is accomplished Part II by briefly tracing the historical evolution of the Eighth Amendment's Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause. Part III examines the prohibition's core components. Part IV reviews the traditional and modem interpretations of cruel and unusual punishment as applied to the methods of capital punishment, and assesses the standard with which to determine whether a specific method of execution comports with the present interpretation of cruel and unusual ...


Can The United States Be A Party To Binding Arbitration - The Constitutional Issues Re-Evaluated - Tenaska Washington Partners Ii V. The United States, Chatman Catherine Jul 1996

Can The United States Be A Party To Binding Arbitration - The Constitutional Issues Re-Evaluated - Tenaska Washington Partners Ii V. The United States, Chatman Catherine

Journal of Dispute Resolution

It has long been assumed that the Constitution prohibited the United States government from entering binding arbitration as a party. The Department of Justice recently re-examined the issue and concluded that there is no absolute constitutional bar to government participation in binding arbitration.' Tenaska is the first reported court decision to adopt the Department of Justice's new reasoning. The court in Tenaska Washington Partners II v. The United States held that a dispute between a private party and a governmental agency must be submitted to binding arbitration when the parties' voluntary agreement contains an arbitration clause.'


The Title Ix Tug-Of-War And Intercollegiate Athletics In The 1990'S: Nonrevenue Men's Teams Join Women Athletes In The Scramble For Survival, Susan M. Shook Jul 1996

The Title Ix Tug-Of-War And Intercollegiate Athletics In The 1990'S: Nonrevenue Men's Teams Join Women Athletes In The Scramble For Survival, Susan M. Shook

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Religious Visitation Constraints On The Noncustodial Parent: The Need For National Application Of A Uniform Compelling Interest Test, Kevin S. Smith Jul 1996

Religious Visitation Constraints On The Noncustodial Parent: The Need For National Application Of A Uniform Compelling Interest Test, Kevin S. Smith

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Online, On Trial: Pornography, The Constitution And The Communications Decency Act Of 1996, Brian E. Bowcut May 1996

Online, On Trial: Pornography, The Constitution And The Communications Decency Act Of 1996, Brian E. Bowcut

Undergraduate Honors Capstone Projects

Cyberspace, in its present condition has a lot in common with the 19th Century West. It is vast, unmapped, culturally and legally ambiguous ... hard to get around in, and up for grabs. ...It is, of course, a perfect breeding ground for both outlaws and new ideas about liberty...1

So assesses Grateful Dead lyricist-turned-cyberguru John Perry Barlow the new frontier, that vast expanse of computer networks known as the Internet. Yet, in recent months, the law has come to this chaotic domain, where anything goes and nothing remains unsaid. With the passage of the Communications Decency Act of 1996 (CDA ...


Progress And Constitutionalism, Robert F. Nagel May 1996

Progress And Constitutionalism, Robert F. Nagel

Michigan Law Review

A Review of Robin West, Progressive Constitutionalism: Reconstructing the Fourteenth Amendment


Words That Bind: Judicial Review And The Grounds Of Modern Constitutional Theory, John A. Drennan May 1996

Words That Bind: Judicial Review And The Grounds Of Modern Constitutional Theory, John A. Drennan

Michigan Law Review

A Review of John Arthur, Words That Bind: Judicial Review and the Grounds of Modern Constitutional Theory


The Federalism Pendulum, Ronald J. Bacigal Apr 1996

The Federalism Pendulum, Ronald J. Bacigal

Law Faculty Publications

Following Franklin's example, this essay takes a protracted view of the federalization of criminal procedure. It is important to review how the federalism pendulum has swung over the years to reflect concepts of what the Constitution was meant to mean, what it has come to mean, and what it ought to mean.


Loss Of Protection As Injury In Fact: An Approach To Establishing Standing To Challenge Environmental Planning Decisions, Miles A. Yanick Apr 1996

Loss Of Protection As Injury In Fact: An Approach To Establishing Standing To Challenge Environmental Planning Decisions, Miles A. Yanick

University of Michigan Journal of Law Reform

As currently interpreted by the United States Supreme Court, Article III of the Constitution creates a significant hurdle for plaintiff citizen groups seeking standing to challenge environmental planning or management decisions. In particular, plaintiffs have had difficulty in making the required showing of an 'injury in fact" where an agency has not yet approved a site-specific action but has approved only a general plan for an area to govern future site-specific actions. The Supreme Court has not articulated a clear rule for standing to challenge the latter type of agency decision making, and the courts of appeals for the various ...


Mandatory Hiv Screening Of Newborns: A Proposition Whose Time Has Not Yet Come , Suzanne M. Malloy Apr 1996

Mandatory Hiv Screening Of Newborns: A Proposition Whose Time Has Not Yet Come , Suzanne M. Malloy

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Choice Of Law And The Forgiving Constitution, Gene R. Shreve Apr 1996

Choice Of Law And The Forgiving Constitution, Gene R. Shreve

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Measured Constitutional Steps, Lisa A. Kloppenberg Apr 1996

Measured Constitutional Steps, Lisa A. Kloppenberg

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Sandin V. Conner: The Supreme Court’S Narrowing Of Prisoners’ Due Process And The Missed Opportunity To Discover True Liberty , Philip W. Sbaratta Mar 1996

Sandin V. Conner: The Supreme Court’S Narrowing Of Prisoners’ Due Process And The Missed Opportunity To Discover True Liberty , Philip W. Sbaratta

Cornell Law Review

No abstract provided.


The Damaging Consequences Of The Rehnquist Court's Commitment To Color-Blindness Versus Racial Justice , Frank R. Parker Feb 1996

The Damaging Consequences Of The Rehnquist Court's Commitment To Color-Blindness Versus Racial Justice , Frank R. Parker

American University Law Review

No abstract provided.


Federalism And The Protection Of Rights: The Modern Ninth Amendment’S Spreading Confusion, Thomas B. Mcaffee Jan 1996

Federalism And The Protection Of Rights: The Modern Ninth Amendment’S Spreading Confusion, Thomas B. Mcaffee

Scholarly Works

Blindness to a basic understanding of the framers' design of our federal structure is largely responsible for the confusion that surrounds our understanding of the Ninth Amendment. The Ninth Amendment reads: “The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.” In Griswold v. Connecticut, Justices Black and Stewart explained in separate dissenting opinions that the Ninth Amendment's reference to the other rights “retained by the people” alluded to the collective and individual rights the people “retained” by virtue of granting limited, enumerated powers to the national government ...


Originalism And Indeterminacy, Thomas B. Mcaffee Jan 1996

Originalism And Indeterminacy, Thomas B. Mcaffee

Scholarly Works

Perhaps the most universal objection to originalism is that it is impossible; that is, the materials relied upon by originalists simply do not yield determinant answers to any worthwhile questions. This indeterminacy objection lacks significant force for at least three reasons. First, the claim that the interpretive materials are always indeterminate vastly overstates the extent and importance of the uncertainties involved; consequently, originalism's critics understate the importance of the originalist canon as a tool for reducing the degree of indeterminacy in constitutional interpretation. Once it becomes clear that originalist methodology can provide some definitive answers, even if significant indeterminacy ...


Preventing Sexual Violence: Setting Principled Constitutional Boundaries On Sex Offender Commitments, Eric S. Janus Jan 1996

Preventing Sexual Violence: Setting Principled Constitutional Boundaries On Sex Offender Commitments, Eric S. Janus

Indiana Law Journal

No abstract provided.


Pragmatism And Parity In Appointments, Yxta Maya Murray Jan 1996

Pragmatism And Parity In Appointments, Yxta Maya Murray

Michigan Journal of Gender & Law

This review uses Carter's two foci as a springboard for analyzing the Article II, Section II appointment process. First, Carter's discussion of indecency in modern appointments may be a valuable theoretical insight into the process instead of a mere sociological observation. "Indecency" in appointments, or what is known as "borking" in Carter parlance, may also be a symptom of race and gender bias in the administration of the Article II, Section II power. To ameliorate the effects of this bias, I suggest the incorporation of pragmatism (a thread of philosophical and legal thought) and parity concepts into the ...


United States Supreme Court: 1995 & 1996 Term, Paul C. Giannelli Jan 1996

United States Supreme Court: 1995 & 1996 Term, Paul C. Giannelli

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Equitable Remedies And Other Types Of Non-Money Judgments In United States And French Courts: A Comparative Analysis, Noele Sophie Rigot Jan 1996

The Recognition And Enforcement Of Foreign Equitable Remedies And Other Types Of Non-Money Judgments In United States And French Courts: A Comparative Analysis, Noele Sophie Rigot

LLM Theses and Essays

Courts of industrialized nations are often faced with adjudication of cases which involve foreign components. It is common for those courts to be asked by individuals or legal entities from a transnational environment to adjudicate with regard to some elements already adjudged in a different legal system as if it were a local judgment. The question that arises is how effects should be given when dealing with prior adjudications. Most countries agree to recognize some effects determined by foreign jurisdictions, as long as those determinations meet standards that guarantee proper integration of the foreign decision into the domestic setting. These ...


To Act Or Not? That Is The Question: Self-Incrimination And The Sole Proprietor, Raymond G. Keenan Jan 1996

To Act Or Not? That Is The Question: Self-Incrimination And The Sole Proprietor, Raymond G. Keenan

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


Tragic Irony Of American Federalism: National Sovereignty Versus State Sovereignty In Slavery And In Freedom, The Federalism In The 21st Century: Historical Perspectives, Robert J. Kaczorowski Jan 1996

Tragic Irony Of American Federalism: National Sovereignty Versus State Sovereignty In Slavery And In Freedom, The Federalism In The 21st Century: Historical Perspectives, Robert J. Kaczorowski

Faculty Scholarship

A plurality on the Supreme Court seeks to establish a state-sovereignty based theory of federalism that imposes sharp limitations on Congress's legislative powers. Using history as authority, they admonish a return to the constitutional "first principles" of the Founders. These "first principles," in their view, attribute all governmental authority to "the consent of the people of each individual state, not the consent of the undifferentiated people of the Nation as a whole." Because the people of each state are the source of all governmental power, they maintain, "where the Constitution is silent about the exercise of a particular power-that ...


The Court And The Changing Constitution: A Discussion, Carl Sividorski, James Gardner, Barry Latzer, Peter Galie Jan 1996

The Court And The Changing Constitution: A Discussion, Carl Sividorski, James Gardner, Barry Latzer, Peter Galie

Touro Law Review

No abstract provided.


A Critical Guide To The Ninth Amendment, Thomas B. Mcaffee Jan 1996

A Critical Guide To The Ninth Amendment, Thomas B. Mcaffee

Scholarly Works

Since the Supreme Court's decision in Griswold v. Connecticut, thousands of law students each year have confronted a confusing debate over the meaning of the Ninth Amendment. Writing for the majority in Griswold, Justice Douglas included the Ninth Amendment among the sources for deriving the “penumbral” right of privacy. More central to this article, in a separate concurrence Justice Goldberg contended that the Amendment provided a basis for the discovery of fundamental human rights beyond those included in the text of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. In response, the dissenting Justices, Stewart and Black, argued that Goldberg ...


Theorists' Belief: A Comment On The Moral Tradition Of American Constitutionalism, Jospeh Vining Jan 1996

Theorists' Belief: A Comment On The Moral Tradition Of American Constitutionalism, Jospeh Vining

Articles

The Moral Tradition of American Constitutionalism is one of those rare works that leads us to face, at the center of law and legal thought, the largest questions about human life and human purpose. There is a special reader's shudder, a certain gestural shift in the chair, reserved for that moment of realizing where one is being led-not to the edge, but to the center, so that the questions become insistent, and whatever we and others say and do in the face of them becomes our response to them.