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“Putting The Arts In Their Place”: A Case For Map-Making In Art History, Marco Jalla Dec 2019

“Putting The Arts In Their Place”: A Case For Map-Making In Art History, Marco Jalla

Artl@s Bulletin

The use of cartography in art history is less than common. Because of its link to the old artistic geography (Kunstgeographie) once used to defend nationalist issues in Nazi Germany, it fell into disfavor until the 1960s and 1970s, when maps regained some attention from a new generation of art historians. Mapping arts indeed proves to be very useful to visualize and organize large dataset and to formulate new hypotheses, both as a descriptive and a prospective tool. The challenge we proposed to the authors was to use maps for questioning the territorial logics, the centers and peripheries of the ...


Visual Contagions, The Art Historian, And The Digital Strategies To Work On Them, Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel Dec 2019

Visual Contagions, The Art Historian, And The Digital Strategies To Work On Them, Béatrice Joyeux-Prunel

Artl@s Bulletin

How do images and styles spread out over time and place? This article presents how art historians can use digital methods to study “visual contagions”– the visual part of globalization: how images circulate, as material artefacts (paintings, sculptures, engravings, etc.…) or in reproductions (in illustrated periodicals, in photography, or on the internet…), through which channels (cultural, geographical, political…) and according to which visual logics. It sketches the new possibilities offered by deep learning and artificial intelligence algorithms applied to images, to better understand the epidemiology of visual diffusions. This Paper is also an opportunity to assess 10 years of digital ...


Art | Gallery Gis | Cologne – Ein Digitales Mapping-Projekt Auf Dem Weg Zur Deep Map, Nadine Oberste-Hetbleck, Jun.-Prof. Dr. Dec 2019

Art | Gallery Gis | Cologne – Ein Digitales Mapping-Projekt Auf Dem Weg Zur Deep Map, Nadine Oberste-Hetbleck, Jun.-Prof. Dr.

Artl@s Bulletin

1967 wurde unter dem Namen Kunstmarkt Köln 67 (heute: ART COLOGNE) die weltweit erste Messe für moderne und zeitgenössische Kunst gegründet. Das Open Access-Projekt ART | GALLERY GIS | COLOGNE (kurz: AGGC) bietet am Beispiel jener Messe erstmals eine interaktive, digitale Map für eine Kunstmesse, die mit Fokus auf die Aussteller sowohl die globale Perspektive als auch die lokale Ebene des Kunsthandels in Köln in einem Recherchetool zusammenführt. Anlässlich einer aktuellen Versionierung der Plattform AGGC skizziert der Beitrag den aktuellen Status Quo im Entwicklungsprozess hin zu einer so genannten Deep Map und beleuchtet hierbei kommentierend die Projektphasen, das Frontend und die Datensets.


Film And Video As A Space For Political Expression And Social Critique In Syria, Charlotte Bank Dec 2019

Film And Video As A Space For Political Expression And Social Critique In Syria, Charlotte Bank

Artl@s Bulletin

This article discusses examples of transgressive artistic production in Syria with a focus on moving images. During the 2000s, a young generation of artists began to experiment with digital video and rethink the role of the artist in society. They sought to develop new aesthetic languages and modes of representation. By examining this production in relation to critical and committed works by earlier generations of artists and filmmakers in Syria, I discuss the possibilities and limits of critical art production in the context of the authoritarian Syrian state.


Weaving Social Change(S) Or Changes Of Weaving? The Ethnographic Study Of Andean Textiles In Cusco And Bolivia, Cristian Terry Dec 2019

Weaving Social Change(S) Or Changes Of Weaving? The Ethnographic Study Of Andean Textiles In Cusco And Bolivia, Cristian Terry

Artl@s Bulletin

Through a comparative and multi-sited ethnography in Cusco (Peru) and Bolivia, the article shows how, by mobilizing Andean textiles, local actors are weaving social change(s) while also changing the way of weaving. These two ideas are interwoven: 1) Andean textiles contribute to local population to weave social change(s) by bringing alternative economic opportunities; 2) weaving practices are changing, since new fashionable, industrial, and “hybrid” production has been created and adapted to an urban-oriented/tourist-oriented market which provides money to make the social change(s) possible.


But Them Can’T Be God: Chinese Textiles In Nigerian Dress And The Art Of Ayo Akinwande, Erin M. Rice Dec 2019

But Them Can’T Be God: Chinese Textiles In Nigerian Dress And The Art Of Ayo Akinwande, Erin M. Rice

Artl@s Bulletin

This article explores the influence of Chinese actors in the Nigerian textile industry through the lens of a work by the artist Ayo Akinwande. By examining a sartorial practice called aso-ebi, the author argues that the growth of this practice over the course of the 20th century paved the way for an influx of cheap, printed cloth from China. Akinwande’s work titled, “Win-Win,” uses the metaphor of indigenous dress and patterned fabric to illustrate that Chinese involvement in Nigerian affairs extends beyond textiles to the construction industry.


Illness As Political Metaphor In Modernist Arts In Iran, Katrin Nahidi Dec 2019

Illness As Political Metaphor In Modernist Arts In Iran, Katrin Nahidi

Artl@s Bulletin

This article explores a political reading of Iranian modernism and analyses art works through the lens of illness as metaphor. This metaphor first emerged in the discourse of gharbzadegi (westoxification) in the 1960s, when the intellectual Jalal al-e Ahmad likened Iran's adaptation of Western modernity to being infected with a highly contagious disease. This article investigates the visual traces of illness as political metaphor in the works of Jalil Ziapour, Bahman Mohassess, Forough Farrokhzad, and Vincenzo Bianchini, while highlighting how these artists reflected one of the most substantial political discourses of their time.


Beyond Nationalism? Blank Spaces At The Documenta 1955 – The Legacy Of An Exhibition Between Old Europe And New World Order, Mirl Redmann Dec 2019

Beyond Nationalism? Blank Spaces At The Documenta 1955 – The Legacy Of An Exhibition Between Old Europe And New World Order, Mirl Redmann

Artl@s Bulletin

Was the first documenta really beyond nationalism? documenta 1955 has been widely regarded as conciliation for the fascist legacy of the exhibition “Degenerate Art” (1937), and as an attempt to reintegrate Germany into the international arts community. This article employs published and archival sources in order to understand if and how documenta was impacted by the legacy of nationalism in post-fascist Germany. A biographic sketch of Antonio Corpora (1909-2004) shows how the purportedly “universalist” selection criteria employed by documenta erased cultural specificity and solidified nationalist conceptions of center and periphery.


Petit Répertoire Méthodologique Pour Une Approche Multidimensionnelle Des Arts Visuels Contemporains, Clotilde Wuthrich Dec 2019

Petit Répertoire Méthodologique Pour Une Approche Multidimensionnelle Des Arts Visuels Contemporains, Clotilde Wuthrich

Artl@s Bulletin

Quels pourraient être les outils contenus dans un petit répertoire méthodologique disponible à la fois pour l’anthropologie et l’histoire de l’art à même d’appréhender et décrire les pratiques multiples des arts visuels contemporains, jusqu’aux plus hétérogènes et hybrides, et de façon rigoureusement symétrique ? J’en évoquerai ici quatre en insistant sur le contexte historique de leur émergence: les approches contraires ; l’art comme technologie sociale et les artistes comme interfaces ; l’art-ethnographie ; et la bricologie.


“Other Modernities”: Art, Visual Culture And Patrimony Outside The West. An Introduction, Silvia Naef, Irene Maffi, Wendy Shaw Dec 2019

“Other Modernities”: Art, Visual Culture And Patrimony Outside The West. An Introduction, Silvia Naef, Irene Maffi, Wendy Shaw

Artl@s Bulletin

The notion of modernity as a tabula rasa phenomenon that destroys the present in order to build the future is particularly complicated in the case of non-Western settings, where modernization was often understood as erasing local culture in favor of a template borrowed from the West. Historiographies of non-Western arts have mostly followed such a model, viewing fine arts, associated with modernity, as opposed to “traditional” arts, often commodified in the production of nostalgia or marketed for tourists. This article discusses the complexity of art production in non-Western contexts, beyond such reductive classifications.


Un Viaje Gráfico De Crítica Política: Análisis Geográfico-Temático De Los Diseños De Eneko De Las Heras Sobre Los Periódicos Interviú Y 20 Minutos, Giovanni Pietro Vitali Dec 2019

Un Viaje Gráfico De Crítica Política: Análisis Geográfico-Temático De Los Diseños De Eneko De Las Heras Sobre Los Periódicos Interviú Y 20 Minutos, Giovanni Pietro Vitali

Artl@s Bulletin

Esta contribución pretende ser una tentativa de análisis crítico y geográfico del trabajo del caricaturista venezolano Eneko de Las Heras Leizaola. En este artículo proponemos un análisis espacial y cronológico de sus dibujos de humor gráfico y de denuncia social publicados en los periódicos Interviú y 20 Minutos entre los años de 2007 a 2018. El sustento de dicho análisis reside en el empleo de herramientas digitales. Demostraremos cómo Eneko representa, incluso si hay algunas críticas sociales en respuesta a fenómenos económicos, políticos y bélicos, nuevas formas de contar cuestiones sociales como el sexismo o la ecología.


Mapping Michelangelo's Marble And Its Temporalities, Catherine Walsh Dec 2019

Mapping Michelangelo's Marble And Its Temporalities, Catherine Walsh

Artl@s Bulletin

This essay examines the itineraries of blocks of marble quarried for Michelangelo and focuses on sculptures he made for the Tomb of Julius II (completed in 1545). From geographical-geological origins in the Apuan Alps, the marble moved across land and over waterways to Pisa, Florence, Rome, Paris, and beyond. The marbles' movements marked time for Michelangelo and other people who encountered these objects, and marks of time are foregrounded -- but also obscured -- by the marble. The essay and an accompanying interactive digital map trace the material and its movements from primordial deep time, through the early modern period, to the ...


Mining Maps, Making Meaning: An Interview With Kasia Ozga, Nikoo Paydar Dec 2019

Mining Maps, Making Meaning: An Interview With Kasia Ozga, Nikoo Paydar

Artl@s Bulletin

In the following interview with Kasia Ozga, the Polish-French-American contemporary artist focuses on her Mapping Aluminum series from 2013-2014, metal relief sculptures that throw light on environmental issues arising from bauxite mining and aluminum processing and smelting. Ozga illuminates how she came to focus on the material aluminum, the context in which she developed the project and selected the mapped sites (the Saint Lawrence River in Massena, NY, the Simandou Mountain Range in Guinea, and Ajka Vezprém County, Hungary), and how borders, cartography and maps figure in her larger body of work.


Tracing The Routes Of Floating Exhibitions: A Fluid Cartography Of Post-War Modernism Around 1956, Laura Bohnenblust Dec 2019

Tracing The Routes Of Floating Exhibitions: A Fluid Cartography Of Post-War Modernism Around 1956, Laura Bohnenblust

Artl@s Bulletin

This article discusses the phenomenon of floating art exhibitions based on the examples of the Argentinian exposición flotante and the Australian Pacific Loan Exhibition (both 1956). They manifested themselves at the same time as the “second wave of biennials” and can be interpreted as floating national pavilions. Through a spatial analysis of the routes taken across the open ocean, it is shown how the ships’ movements form what can be understood as a ‘negative map’ of canonical art history, oriented around the North Atlantic. This cartographic approach reveals blind spots in art historical research and contributes to the creation of ...


From Enemy Asset To National Showcase: France’S Seizure And Circulation Of The Matsukata Collection (1944-1958), Léa Saint-Raymond, Maxime Georges Métraux Dec 2019

From Enemy Asset To National Showcase: France’S Seizure And Circulation Of The Matsukata Collection (1944-1958), Léa Saint-Raymond, Maxime Georges Métraux

Artl@s Bulletin

Sequestered by the French State as an "enemy asset" in 1944, Kojiro Matsukata’s collection was used as a national showcase through exhibitions until 1958. Few catalogues were transparent as to the works’ provenance from the collection. When we map and visualize this historical information, a significant contrast appears between the “real” circulation of artworks, as recorded in governmental archives, and the "official" circulation listed in catalogues. This discrepancy points to a propaganda effort in such a way as to bolster an artistic narrative that was key to French national pride, and studying it can further explain why the French ...


Cartographier L’Essor D’Un Modèle : Le Chapiteau Ionique De Michel-Ange De L’Invention Au Début Du Xviie Siècle, Federica Vermot Dec 2019

Cartographier L’Essor D’Un Modèle : Le Chapiteau Ionique De Michel-Ange De L’Invention Au Début Du Xviie Siècle, Federica Vermot

Artl@s Bulletin

This study proposes to map the propagation of an alternative type of ionic capital invented by Michelangelo in 1563. We proceed to a comparative analysis of the new buildings erected in Rome from the invention of the new capital to the beginning of the 17th century, in order to highlight spatial and temporal correlations peculiar to its diffusion. The study of this issue allows to understand the perception of the capital that the next generation of roman architects developed, which is a less known aspect of Michelangelo's reception. Overall, it invites to shape the stylistic evolution of an architectural ...


Stressors, Coping Mechanisms, And Uplifts Of Commercial Fishing In Alaska: A Qualitative Approach To Factors Affecting Human Performance In Extreme Environments, Jennifer Pickett, Joeri Hofmans Dec 2019

Stressors, Coping Mechanisms, And Uplifts Of Commercial Fishing In Alaska: A Qualitative Approach To Factors Affecting Human Performance In Extreme Environments, Jennifer Pickett, Joeri Hofmans

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

We depict the physical and psychological challenges of commercial fishing in Alaska as well as the uplifts, or positive experiences fishermen report. We describe an array of coping methods that are utilized during the fishing season and the contexts in which they occur. Our findings help clarify the link between human behavior, stressors, coping mechanisms employed, and uplifts experienced when working in extreme conditions. By doing this, we provide a better understanding of the effects that severe conditions have on wellbeing, such as working for long periods of time in cramped quarters in remote, extreme environments, and how Alaskan fishermen ...


Higher Muscle Tissue Oxygenation When Exposed To Hypobaric Hypoxia Than Normobaric Hypoxia, Christina N. Angeli, Robert J. Shute, Dustin R. Slivka Dec 2019

Higher Muscle Tissue Oxygenation When Exposed To Hypobaric Hypoxia Than Normobaric Hypoxia, Christina N. Angeli, Robert J. Shute, Dustin R. Slivka

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

There has been recent debate on the potential difference in physiological response between exposure to simulated altitude (normobaric hypoxia) and terrestrial altitude (hypobaric hypoxia). Purpose: To determine the difference in the physiological response to normobaric and hypobaric hypoxia during exercise. Methods: Eight recreationally active subjects (27 ± 5 y old, 73.1 ± 7.4 kg body weight, 170.6 ± 6.7 cm height, and 19.3 ± 9.2 % body fat) completed incremental cycling exercise to volitional fatigue in three separate environments: normobaric normoxia (NN; 350 m), normobaric hypoxia (NH; simulated 3094 m), and hypobaric hypoxia (HH; 3094 m). Heart rate, blood ...


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In Veterans Returning From Combat: Impact On Social Reintegration, Rod Van Pelt Dec 2019

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder In Veterans Returning From Combat: Impact On Social Reintegration, Rod Van Pelt

Purdue Undergraduate Research Conference

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition frequently observed in soldiers and veterans.The reintegration of veterans returning from combat is a challenge that state and federal administrations, as well as civilian structures and workplaces, face routinely. Despite PTSD being a public health issue with a socioeconomic impact, non-scholarly debate is the primary source of information on the non-medical burden of PTSD. The majority of scholarly evidence focuses on PTSD primarily as a medical condition, including when addressing the problem from a socioeconomic standpoint. In fact, most of the recent scholarly evidence points to specific areas of PTSD ...


Performance Assessment Of Blackboard® Technology Among Freshman Undergraduate Students At Purdue University, Rod Van Pelt, Tyler Lim Dec 2019

Performance Assessment Of Blackboard® Technology Among Freshman Undergraduate Students At Purdue University, Rod Van Pelt, Tyler Lim

Purdue Undergraduate Research Conference

At Purdue, almost every student uses electronic devices to access content and perform academic activities through the Blackboard platform. This study was aimed at understanding undergraduate freshmen’ feedback on existing classroom technologies and how this information can inform improvement of platforms’ design and effectiveness. Fourteen students completed a 12-question online survey. Blackboard technology was well accepted (92%) and rated user-friendly (62%). However, approximately 30% of students reported concerns over the convenience of use (23%) or reliability of the program (8%). This study confirmed that use of technology for academic learning and tasks performance is well accepted and didn’t identify ...


‘‘The Greatest Teacher, Failure Is’’: Handling Failure In Military Parachute Training, David Bergman Dec 2019

‘‘The Greatest Teacher, Failure Is’’: Handling Failure In Military Parachute Training, David Bergman

Journal of Human Performance in Extreme Environments

The present study examined failure in an extreme setting within a military parachute training course used to better prepare individuals for combat. A grounded theory analysis of interviews and observations led to four interdependent reasons for failure, three mediating factors of how failure was perceived, and eight ways of coping in how individuals handled failure. Two overarching master themes were established of decision aversion where individuals tend to avoid making decisions regarding their own failure in order to minimize guilt and shame, and externalization where attribution is made primarily to causes outside the self in order to maintain a positive ...


Second Reaction: Not Just Reading: How A Wordless Picture Book Can Promote Activity Of The Self, Mengying Xue Dec 2019

Second Reaction: Not Just Reading: How A Wordless Picture Book Can Promote Activity Of The Self, Mengying Xue

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


First Opinion: We Are One Of Them: Exploring The Relationship Between Human And Nature By Close Reading A Wordless Picture Boo, Mengying Xue Dec 2019

First Opinion: We Are One Of Them: Exploring The Relationship Between Human And Nature By Close Reading A Wordless Picture Boo, Mengying Xue

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


Second Reaction: Think, Feel, And Protect The Environment, Rong Zhang Dec 2019

Second Reaction: Think, Feel, And Protect The Environment, Rong Zhang

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


First Opinion: Being An Activist And A Mature Reader, Rong Zhang Dec 2019

First Opinion: Being An Activist And A Mature Reader, Rong Zhang

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


Second Reaction: 10 Things I Can Do To Help My World, Kathy Martin, Kimberley Fredenburg Dec 2019

Second Reaction: 10 Things I Can Do To Help My World, Kathy Martin, Kimberley Fredenburg

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


First Opinion: 10 Things I Can Do To Help My World, Kimberly Fredenburg, Kathy Martin Dec 2019

First Opinion: 10 Things I Can Do To Help My World, Kimberly Fredenburg, Kathy Martin

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


Second Reaction: Sit With Me: Exploring Ecological Empathy Through Evan Turk’S Heartbeat, Fay Mentzer Dec 2019

Second Reaction: Sit With Me: Exploring Ecological Empathy Through Evan Turk’S Heartbeat, Fay Mentzer

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


First Opinion: The Illustration Is Mightier Than The Harpoon: The Power Of Imaginary In Emotion, Fay Mentzer, Christina Martini Dec 2019

First Opinion: The Illustration Is Mightier Than The Harpoon: The Power Of Imaginary In Emotion, Fay Mentzer, Christina Martini

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.


Relationship, Empathy And Activism: What Children’S Books Can Do To Promote Ecological Empathy, Judith T. Lysaker Dec 2019

Relationship, Empathy And Activism: What Children’S Books Can Do To Promote Ecological Empathy, Judith T. Lysaker

First Opinions, Second Reactions

No abstract provided.