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2006

Virginia Commonwealth University

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Cathexellanea, Pir Rothenberg Apr 2006

Cathexellanea, Pir Rothenberg

Theses and Dissertations

Cathexellanea is a portmanteau word blending "cathexis," a psychoanalytical term meaning an investment of mental or emotional energy on a person, object or idea; and "miscellanea," a collection of objects or writings. One theme running through these stories concerns characters attempt to define themselves through their desires. "Bottomless" explores the idea of emotional and physical fulfillment. "Croquembouche" revolves around self-loathing and corruptibility. In "Destripado," the protagonist discovers that one way to dispel fear is to become the thing that causes it. "Ghosts" asks whether it is a past lover the protagonist longs for, or her phantoms. "Versions" deals with the ...


Medulloblastoma Outcome Is Adversely Associated With Overexpression Of Eef1d, Rpl30, And Rps20 On The Long Arm Of Chromosome 8, Massimiliano De Bortoli, Robert C. Castellino, Xin-Yan Lu, Jeffrey Deyo, Lisa Marie Sturla, Adekunle M. Adesnia, Laszlo Perlaky, Scott L. Pomeroy, Ching C. Lau, Tsv-Kwong Man, Pulivarthi H. Rao, John Y.H. Kim Jan 2006

Medulloblastoma Outcome Is Adversely Associated With Overexpression Of Eef1d, Rpl30, And Rps20 On The Long Arm Of Chromosome 8, Massimiliano De Bortoli, Robert C. Castellino, Xin-Yan Lu, Jeffrey Deyo, Lisa Marie Sturla, Adekunle M. Adesnia, Laszlo Perlaky, Scott L. Pomeroy, Ching C. Lau, Tsv-Kwong Man, Pulivarthi H. Rao, John Y.H. Kim

Radiation Oncology Publications

Background Medulloblastoma is the most common malignant brain tumor of childhood. Improvements in clinical outcome require a better understanding of the genetic alterations to identify clinically significant biological factors and to stratify patients accordingly. In the present study, we applied cytogenetic characterization to guide the identification of biologically significant genes from gene expression microarray profiles of medulloblastoma.

Methods We analyzed 71 primary medulloblastomas for chromosomal copy number aberrations (CNAs) using comparative genomic hybridization (CGH). Among 64 tumors that we previously analyzed by gene expression microarrays, 27 were included in our CGH series. We analyzed clinical outcome with respect to CNAs ...


Empirical Validation Of The S-Score Algorithm In The Analysis Of Gene Expression Data, Richard Ellis Kennedy, Kellie J. Archer, Michael F. Miles Jan 2006

Empirical Validation Of The S-Score Algorithm In The Analysis Of Gene Expression Data, Richard Ellis Kennedy, Kellie J. Archer, Michael F. Miles

Biostatistics Publications

Background Current methods of analyzing Affymetrix GeneChip® microarray data require the estimation of probe set expression summaries, followed by application of statistical tests to determine which genes are differentially expressed. The S-Score algorithm described by Zhang and colleagues is an alternative method that allows tests of hypotheses directly from probe level data. It is based on an error model in which the detected signal is proportional to the probe pair signal for highly expressed genes, but approaches a background level (rather than 0) for genes with low levels of expression. This model is used to calculate relative change in probe ...


Table Of Contents Jan 2006

Table Of Contents

Ethnic Studies Review

Table of Contents for Ethnic Studies Review, Vol. 29, No. 2, Winter 2006.


Ethnic Studies Review Jan 2006

Ethnic Studies Review

Ethnic Studies Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Notes Jan 2006

Editor's Notes

Ethnic Studies Review

The idea for this issue was conceived shortly after the conclusion of the panel, "Battling White Supremacy with Ethnic Studies" at the 34th annual conference of the National Association for Ethnic Studies in San Francisco. A suggestion was made to publish a special issue on a subject exploring "Critical Race Studies" or "Critical White Studies." As it turned out three of the original panel presenters were interested in participating in the initiative; hardly enough for a publication. The articles by Reiland Rabaka, R. Sophie Statzel and lsabell Cserno are based on their conference papers. As it further turned out, I ...


Contributors Jan 2006

Contributors

Ethnic Studies Review

Contributors to Ethnic Studies Review, Vol. 29, No. 2, Winter 2006.


The Souls Of White Folk: W.E.B. Dubois's Critique Of White Supremacy And The Contributions To Critical White Studies, Reiland Rabaka Jan 2006

The Souls Of White Folk: W.E.B. Dubois's Critique Of White Supremacy And The Contributions To Critical White Studies, Reiland Rabaka

Ethnic Studies Review

Traditionally "white supremacy" has been treated in race and racism discourse as white domination of and white discrimination against non-whites, and especially blacks. It is a term that often carries a primarily legal and political connotation, which has been claimed time and time again to be best exemplified by the historic events and contemporary effects of: African holocaust, enslavement and colonization; the "failure" of reconstruction, the ritual of lynching and the rise of Jim Crow segregation in the United States; and, white colonial and racial rule throughout Africa, and especially apartheid in South Africa (Cell, 1982; Fredrickson, 1981; Marx, 1998 ...


The Apartheid Conscience: Gender, Race, And Re-Imagining The White Nation In Cyberspace, R. Sophie Statzel Jan 2006

The Apartheid Conscience: Gender, Race, And Re-Imagining The White Nation In Cyberspace, R. Sophie Statzel

Ethnic Studies Review

It is not just that the limits of our language limit our thoughts; the world we find ourselves in is one we have helped to create, and this places constraints upon how we think the world anew.


White Conceptions Of Racial Hierarchy: Temporary Versus Permanent Preferences, Jonathan Gayles, Sarah Tobin Jan 2006

White Conceptions Of Racial Hierarchy: Temporary Versus Permanent Preferences, Jonathan Gayles, Sarah Tobin

Ethnic Studies Review

Ideas of race, racial identity, and racial categorization, reflect the inconsistent, context-specific and fluctuating nature of racial meaning (Nagel, 1986; Forbes, 1990; Davis, 1991; Nagel, 1994; Haney-Lopez, 1995; Ignatiev, 1995; Kibria, 1996,1998; Niven & Zilber, 2000; Morning, 2001; Lacy, 2004). Studies of racial hierarchy, specifically, enable an understanding of not only the social construction of race, but also the manner in which ideas of race operate to influence human reality.! Within the United States, race "permeates the lives of the native-born and immigrants alike" (Bashi & McDaniel, 1997, p. 686, see also Bashi, 1998). More specifically, a continuum between white and black persists ...


Reflections On Racial Identity And The Black Movement In The United States And Brazil, David Covin Jan 2006

Reflections On Racial Identity And The Black Movement In The United States And Brazil, David Covin

Ethnic Studies Review

These reflections are based on a long history of study and involvement in the Black movement in the United States, on friendships with militants in the Brazilian Black movement, and on study of that movement. They arise directly from musings occasioned by comments made by an undergraduate white student in my course, Politics of the African Diaspora, and by my observation of a couple on the Avenida Sete de Setembro in Salvador, Bahia.


Whiteness Studies And The Colonial Aesthetic: Western Popular Culture And The Representations Of Race, Isabel Cserno Jan 2006

Whiteness Studies And The Colonial Aesthetic: Western Popular Culture And The Representations Of Race, Isabel Cserno

Ethnic Studies Review

As I have said before, planters are not poetical; but, my heart! if I possessed this place, methinks while young morning blushed, or high noon slept, or gentle dewy evening made nature think and pause, I would stroll upon my terrace, or sit, three parts recumbent, on one of those old oak chairs with Hasting's coronet on it, and forget the world of strife and penury and pain, till I lapsed into a citizen of the other world of peace and plenty and joy!


"No Opportunity For Song:" A Slovak Immigrant's Silencing Analyzed Through Her Pronoun Choice, Danusha V. Goska Jan 2006

"No Opportunity For Song:" A Slovak Immigrant's Silencing Analyzed Through Her Pronoun Choice, Danusha V. Goska

Ethnic Studies Review

I can't tell the most frightening story I know, because stories are made of words, and once I was without them. I was trekking in Nepal and ended up with amnesia. Later I stumbled into a mission hospital with a bruised jaw. A bad fall? I can't say. I had no words. No words for this thing that was wrenching and crying, in which "I" - a bundle of terror - seemed trapped. No words for where I began, stopped, or the mud stubble terrace on which I sat. No words to map, no words to define, no words to ...


Resistance And Reinvention Of The Subject In Jackie Kay's Trumpet, A. Lâmia Gülçur Jan 2006

Resistance And Reinvention Of The Subject In Jackie Kay's Trumpet, A. Lâmia Gülçur

Ethnic Studies Review

In her work Methodology of the Oppressed, Chela Sandoval claims that although inequities in material sources and subordination by race, class, nation, gender and sex continue to operate under the protection of law and order, a new kind of psychic penetration that respects no previous boundaries is evolving. She argues that "Mutation in culture, today, makes new forms of identity, ethics, citizenship, aesthetics and resistance accessible" (36.7).


Racial Profiling And The War On Terror: Changing Trends And Perspectives, Abu B. Bah Jan 2006

Racial Profiling And The War On Terror: Changing Trends And Perspectives, Abu B. Bah

Ethnic Studies Review

Minorities in the United States have often been treated unfairly by law enforcement agencies. Prior to the September 11, 2001, terrorist attack on the United States, Blacks were the main victims of racial profiling. Since the terrorist attack, however, Arabs and Muslims are becoming the primary targets for profiling by law enforcement agencies. There are some remarkable similarities between the profiling of Blacks and the profiling of Arabs and Muslims. In both cases, the fundamental problems with racial profiling are that it violates the civil liberties of innocent people and denies minorities the equal protection of the law. The War ...


[Review Of] Jeff Karem. The Romance Of Authenticity: The Cultural Politics Of Regional And Ethnic Literatures, Helen Lock Jan 2006

[Review Of] Jeff Karem. The Romance Of Authenticity: The Cultural Politics Of Regional And Ethnic Literatures, Helen Lock

Ethnic Studies Review

The "romance of authenticity" to which the title of Jeff Karem's timely new study refers is the romance between the American reading public and the regional or ethnic writer who is viewed as providing an "authentic" cultural viewpoint, often to the extent of becoming regarded as the premier representative of that culture. Karem's argument, however, is that too much "symbolic weight" (205) is often attached to the work of writers seized upon as "representative." They are asked to bear the burden of providing a vicarious and definitive immersion in a particular culture, and therefore their work is judged ...


Contributors Jan 2006

Contributors

Ethnic Studies Review

Contributors to Ethnic Studies Review, Vol. 29, No. 1, April 2006.


Tongues United: Polyphonic Identities And The Hispanic Family, José Medina Jan 2006

Tongues United: Polyphonic Identities And The Hispanic Family, José Medina

Ethnic Studies Review

In this paper I will use the Bakhtinian notion of polyphony,1 of a choral dialogue of multiple and heterogeneous voices, to elaborate a pluralistic account of cultural identity in general and of Hispanic identity in particular. I will complicate and further pluralize the Bakhtinian notion by talking about the overlapping and criss-crossing dialogues of heterogeneous voices that go into the formation of cultural identities. My pluralistic view emphasizes that cultural identity is bound up with differences and opposes those homogeneous models that try to impose a unique articulation of collective identity on the members of a group. Although I ...


W.E.B. Dubois's "The Comet" And Contributions To Critical Race Theory: An Essay On Black Radical Politics And Anti-Racist Social Ethics, Reiland Rabaka Jan 2006

W.E.B. Dubois's "The Comet" And Contributions To Critical Race Theory: An Essay On Black Radical Politics And Anti-Racist Social Ethics, Reiland Rabaka

Ethnic Studies Review

No longer considered the exclusive domain of legal studies scholars and radical civil rights lawyers and law professors, critical race theory has blossomed and currently encompasses and includes a wide range of theory and theorists from diverse academic disciplines. Its most prominent practitioners, initially law professors and "left scholars, most of them scholars of color" employing the work of the breathtakingly brilliant African American lawyer, scholar, and activist Derrick Bell (2005) as their primary point of departure, borrowed from many of the political and theoretical breakthroughs of black nationalism, anti-racist feminism, poststructuralism, and postmodernism. They also employed and experimented with ...


[Review Of] Patricia Klindienst. The Earth Knows My Name: Food Culture And Sustainability In The Gardens Of Ethnic America, Harriet Joseph Ottenheimer Jan 2006

[Review Of] Patricia Klindienst. The Earth Knows My Name: Food Culture And Sustainability In The Gardens Of Ethnic America, Harriet Joseph Ottenheimer

Ethnic Studies Review

Perhaps one of the most fascinating parts of this book is its prologue, where Klindienst discusses her own family's rejection of its ethnic Italian heritage. Frightened by the anti-Italian sentiment surrounding the execution of Nicolo Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti in the mid-1920s, Klindienst's family changed their name to something less Italian-sounding (she doesn't say what) and raised their children as assimilated Americans. Only many years later, at a family reunion, did Klindienst learn of her own ethnic origins. Fascinated, she began researching not only her own family's history but also that of Italian Americans in general ...


[Review Of] John Lie. Multiethnic Japan, John B. Richards Jan 2006

[Review Of] John Lie. Multiethnic Japan, John B. Richards

Ethnic Studies Review

In preparing Multiethnic Japan, sociologist John Lie set out to describe the lives of the new Asian workers in Japan, but ended up demonstrating that Japan has long been and remains very much a multiethnic country.


Ethnic Studies Review Jan 2006

Ethnic Studies Review

Ethnic Studies Review

No abstract provided.


Editor's Notes Jan 2006

Editor's Notes

Ethnic Studies Review

The articles in this volume focus our attention on an ever important and defining part of the ethnic studies project. That is, the continuing quest to seek out information and to form perspectives which better - more completely and accurately - inform the multilayered experiences of ethnic groups. This is a critically important part of what we do in ethnic studies: push the boundaries of what is known towards what is unknown with the belief that more still is knowable. This heuristic feature of ethnic studies insures a dynamism not always found in other disciplines. Ethnic studies scholarship reflects a willingness to ...


Table Of Contents Jan 2006

Table Of Contents

Ethnic Studies Review

Table of Contents for Ethnic Studies Review, Vol. 29, No. 1, April 2006.


Barriers For Latino Immigrants Seeking Health Care Services, Jennier Ng'andu Jan 2006

Barriers For Latino Immigrants Seeking Health Care Services, Jennier Ng'andu

2006 Latino Health Summit

At the time of the presentation Ms. Ng'andu was Health Policy Analyst, National Council of La Raza.

This presentation was part of a larger track "Immigrants, Refugees, Asylees and the Undocumented: Understanding Laws that Impact their Health and Well-Being"

From the brochure:

Participants will gain a better understanding of the various status types (e.g., immigrants, refugees) of Latinos residing in the United States and learn how these status types impact individual legal rights. Specific areas to be addressed include employment, bad debt and collections, domestic violence, human trafficking, access to culturally and linguistically appropriate health care services, and ...


Brochure And Schedule Of Events, Latino Health Summit, Virginia Commonwealth University Jan 2006

Brochure And Schedule Of Events, Latino Health Summit, Virginia Commonwealth University

2006 Latino Health Summit

Brochure and Schedule of Events, including abstracts for the Latino Health Summit, November 16-17, 2006


Metro Richmond Latino Health Services & Resource Guide – 2006, Virginia Commonwealth University Jan 2006

Metro Richmond Latino Health Services & Resource Guide – 2006, Virginia Commonwealth University

2006 Latino Health Summit

This Guide was produced by the VCU Institute for Women’s Health, VCU Center on Health Disparities, and CLAS Act Virginia as a resource for the fall 2006 Latino Health Summit: Latino Cultures and Beliefs in Health Care. The purpose of this Guide is to provide a practical tool for community health care professionals to use in their work by assisting in cataloguing key provider and patient resources and services. The guide will be posted on the VCU Institute for Women’s Health and VCU Center on Health Disparities websites, which will be updated on a regular basis.


Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome In Adult Patients With Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections Due To Enterococci, Katharine Bar, Hilmar Wisplinghoff, Richard P. Wenzel, Gonzalo M. L. Bearman, Michael B. Edmond Jan 2006

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome In Adult Patients With Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections Due To Enterococci, Katharine Bar, Hilmar Wisplinghoff, Richard P. Wenzel, Gonzalo M. L. Bearman, Michael B. Edmond

Internal Medicine Publications

Background Enterococci are the third leading cause of nosocomial bloodstream infection (BSI). Vancomycin resistant enterococci are common and provide treatment challenges; however questions remain about VRE's pathogenicity and its direct clinical impact. This study analyzed the inflammatory response of Enterococcal BSI, contrasting infections from vancomycin-resistant and vancomycin-susceptible isolates.

Methods We performed a historical cohort study on 50 adults with enterococcal BSI to evaluate the associated systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) and mortality. We examined SIRS scores 2 days prior through 14 days after the first positive blood culture. Vancomycin resistant (n = 17) and susceptible infections (n = 33) were compared ...


Comparison Of Severity Of Illness Scoring Systems For Patients With Nosocomial Bloodstream Infection Due To Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Alexandre R. Marra, Gonzalo M. L. Bearman, Richard P. Wenzel, Michael B. Edmond Jan 2006

Comparison Of Severity Of Illness Scoring Systems For Patients With Nosocomial Bloodstream Infection Due To Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Alexandre R. Marra, Gonzalo M. L. Bearman, Richard P. Wenzel, Michael B. Edmond

Internal Medicine Publications

Background

Several acute illness severity scores have been proposed for evaluating patients on admission to intensive care units but these have not been compared for patients with nosocomial bloodstream infection (nBSI). We compared three severity of illness scoring systems for predicting mortality in patients with nBSI due to Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

Methods

We performed a historical cohort study on 63 adults in intensive care units with P. aeruginosamonomicrobial nBSI.

Results

The Acute Physiology, Age, Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II), Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA), and Simplified Acute Physiologic Score (SAPS II), were calculated daily from 2 days prior through ...


Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections Caused By Klebsiella Pneumoniae: Impact Of Extended-Spectrum Β-Lactamase (Esbl) Production On Clinical Outcome In A Hospital With High Esbl Prevalence, Alexandre R. Marra, Sérgio B. Wey, Adauto Castelo, Ana Cristina Gales, Guilherme R. Cal, José R. Do Carmo Filho, Michael B. Edmond, Carlos Alberto Pires Pereira Jan 2006

Nosocomial Bloodstream Infections Caused By Klebsiella Pneumoniae: Impact Of Extended-Spectrum Β-Lactamase (Esbl) Production On Clinical Outcome In A Hospital With High Esbl Prevalence, Alexandre R. Marra, Sérgio B. Wey, Adauto Castelo, Ana Cristina Gales, Guilherme R. Cal, José R. Do Carmo Filho, Michael B. Edmond, Carlos Alberto Pires Pereira

Internal Medicine Publications

Background The frequency of ESBL producing Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections (BSI) is high in Brazilian hospitals, however little is known regarding what role, if any, resistance plays in the expected outcome in hospitals with a high prevalence of these pathogens.

Methods From 1996 to 2001, hospital acquired K. pneumoniae BSI were evaluated retrospectively. Each patient was included only once at the time of BSI. ESBL producing strains were identified using the E-test method. The association of variables with the mortality related to bacteremia was included in a stepwise logistic regression model.

Results One hundred and eight hospital acquired K. pneumoniae ...