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Intra-Industry Trade, Multilateral Trade Integration, And Invasive Species Risk, Anh T. Tu, John C. Beghin Dec 2006

Intra-Industry Trade, Multilateral Trade Integration, And Invasive Species Risk, Anh T. Tu, John C. Beghin

CARD Working Papers

We analyze the linkage between protectionism and invasive species (IS) hazard in the context of two-way trade and multilateral trade integration, two major features of real-world agricultural trade. Multilateral integration includes the joint reduction of tariffs and trade costs among trading partners. Multilateral trade integration is more likely to increase damages from IS than predicted by unilateral trade opening under the classic Heckscher-Ohlin-Samuelson (HOS) framework because domestic production (the base susceptible to damages) is likely to increase with expanding export markets. A country integrating its trade with a partner characterized by relatively higher tariff and trade costs is also more ...


An Analysis Of The Link Between Ethanol, Energy, And Crop Markets, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid Nov 2006

An Analysis Of The Link Between Ethanol, Energy, And Crop Markets, Simla Tokgoz, Amani E. Elobeid

CARD Working Papers

This study analyzes the impact of price shocks in three input and output markets critical to ethanol: gasoline, corn, and sugar. We investigate the impact of these shocks on ethanol and related agricultural markets in the United States and Brazil. We find that the composition of a country's vehicle fleet determines the direction of the response of ethanol consumption to changes in the gasoline price. We also find that a change in feedstock costs affects the profitability of ethanol producers and the domestic ethanol price. In Brazil, where two commodities compete for sugarcane, changes in the sugar market affect ...


Removal Of U.S. Ethanol Domestic And Trade Distortions: Impact On U.S. And Brazilian Ethanol Markets, Amani E. Elobeid, Simla Tokgoz Oct 2006

Removal Of U.S. Ethanol Domestic And Trade Distortions: Impact On U.S. And Brazilian Ethanol Markets, Amani E. Elobeid, Simla Tokgoz

CARD Working Papers

We analyze the impact of trade liberalization and removal of the federal tax credit in the United States on U.S. and Brazilian ethanol markets using a multi-market international ethanol model calibrated on 2005 market data and policies. The removal of trade distortions induces a 23.2 percent increase in the price of world ethanol on average between 2006 and 2015 relative to the baseline. The U.S. domestic ethanol price decreases by 14.1 percent, which results in a 7.5 percent decline in production and a 3.2 percent increase in consumption. The lower domestic price leads to ...


Optimal Design Of Permit Markets With An Ex Ante Pollution Target, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling Aug 2006

Optimal Design Of Permit Markets With An Ex Ante Pollution Target, Sergey S. Rabotyagov, Hongli Feng, Catherine L. Kling

CARD Working Papers

In this paper, we examine the design of permit trading programs when the objective is to minimize the cost of achieving an ex ante pollution target, that is, one that is defined in expectation rather than an ex post deterministic value. We consider two potential sources of uncertainty, the presence of either of which can make our model appropriate: incomplete information on abatement costs and uncertain delivery coefficients. In such a setting, we find three distinct features that depart from the well-established results on permit trading: (1) the regulator’s information on firms’ abatement costs can matter; (2) the optimal ...