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Defining And Quantifying Coping Strategies After Stroke: A Review., Claire Donnellan, David Hevey, Anne Hickey, Desmond O'Neill Nov 2006

Defining And Quantifying Coping Strategies After Stroke: A Review., Claire Donnellan, David Hevey, Anne Hickey, Desmond O'Neill

Psychology Articles

The coping strategies that people use after a stroke may influence recovery. Coping measures are generally used to assess the mediating behaviour between a stressor (ie, disease or condition) and the physical or psychological outcome of an individual. This review evaluates measures that quantified coping strategies in studies on psychological adaptation to stroke. The main aspects of the coping measures reviewed were (a) conceptual basis; (b) coping domains assessed; (c) coping strategies used after a stroke; and (d) psychometric properties of coping measures used in studies assessing patients with stroke. Four databases (Medline, CINAHL, PsychINFO and Cochrane Systematic Reviews) were ...


Factors Influencing General Practitioner Referral Of Patients Developing End-Stage Renal Failure: A Standardised Case-Analysis Study., Anthony J. Montgomery, Hannah Mcgee, William Shannon, John Donohoe Sep 2006

Factors Influencing General Practitioner Referral Of Patients Developing End-Stage Renal Failure: A Standardised Case-Analysis Study., Anthony J. Montgomery, Hannah Mcgee, William Shannon, John Donohoe

Psychology Articles

BACKGROUND: To understand why treatment referral rates for ESRF are lower in Ireland than in other European countries, an investigation of factors influencing general practitioner referral of patients developing ESRF was conducted.

METHOD: Randomly selected general practitioners (N = 51) were interviewed using 32 standardised written patient scenarios to elicit referral strategies. Main outcome measures: General practitioner referral levels and thresholds for patients developing end-stage renal disease; referral routes (nephrologist vs other physicians); influence of patient age, marital status and co-morbidity on referral.

RESULTS: Referral levels varied widely with the full range of cases (0-32; median = 15) referred by different doctors ...


The Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale Depression Subscale, But Not The Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Scale, Identifies Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome At Elevated Risk Of 1-Year Mortality., Frank Doyle, Hannah Mcgee, Davida De La Harpe, Emer Shelley, Ronán Conroy May 2006

The Hospital Anxiety And Depression Scale Depression Subscale, But Not The Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Scale, Identifies Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome At Elevated Risk Of 1-Year Mortality., Frank Doyle, Hannah Mcgee, Davida De La Harpe, Emer Shelley, Ronán Conroy

Psychology Articles

OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to investigate the use of short-form depression scales in assessing 1-year mortality risk in a national sample of patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: Patients with ACS (N=598) completed either the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale depression subscale (HADS-D) or the Beck Depression Inventory-Fast Scale (BDI-FS). Their mortality status was assessed at 1 year. RESULTS: Cox proportional hazards modeling showed that patients depressed at baseline (combining HADS-D and BDI-FS depressed cases) were more likely to die within 1 year [hazard ratio (HR)=2.8, 95% CI=1.4-5.7, P=.005 ...


Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With A Depressed Outpatient: Assessing Change In Cognitive Distortions As Measured By The Inventory Of Cognitive Distortions, Detta S. Tate Jan 2006

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy With A Depressed Outpatient: Assessing Change In Cognitive Distortions As Measured By The Inventory Of Cognitive Distortions, Detta S. Tate

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

This single subject case study was conducted to determine the usefulness of a new measure, the Inventory of Cognitive Distortions (lCD). The main purpose was to determine the effectiveness of the ICD in noting changes in dysfunctional thinking during cognitive behavioral therapy. Because of the high incidence of depression in the population, a subject diagnosed with Major Depressive Disorder was determined to be the most appropriate choice for assessing the effectiveness of this measure in the clinical setting. The cognitive behavioral treatment implemented was a manualized approach using Gilson and Freeman's (1999), Overcoming Depression. This treatment was a collaborative ...


Norming The Mad-As To The Staxi-2 In A Hypertensive Population , Robert J. Liskowicz Jan 2006

Norming The Mad-As To The Staxi-2 In A Hypertensive Population , Robert J. Liskowicz

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

Development of the Mahan and DiTomasso Anger Scale (MAD-AS) provided a valid and preferable alternative to the existing, lengthy tests of anger which are currently available. However, the MAD-AS was developed on a clinical, psychiatric population, and only one other study to date has attempted to utilize this test on a normal population. With strong links between anger and adverse physical health, and an ongoing controversy over whether anger expression versus anger suppression contributes more highly to the development and maintenance of hypertension, a prospective study measuring anger with established hypertensive subjects is being proposed utilizing both the MAD-AS, as ...


Predicting Institutional Adjustment With The Psychological Inventory Of Criminal Thinking Styles And The Psychopathology Checklist : Screening Version , Wanda Mandell Jan 2006

Predicting Institutional Adjustment With The Psychological Inventory Of Criminal Thinking Styles And The Psychopathology Checklist : Screening Version , Wanda Mandell

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

This correlational study investigates the incremental validity of the Reactive (R) composite scale of the Psychological Inventory of Criminal Thinking Styles (PICTS) relative to Psychopathy Checklist: Screening Version (PCL:SV) total score for predicting medium security federal adult male inmate adjustment over a 12 month period. Adjustment, the criterion variable, was operationalized as the number of incident reports received over 12 months. Archival data for 146 offenders were obtained for incident reports and categorized as aggressive or non-aggressive. Scores for the PICTS P and R composite scales were obtained from archival electronic files. Data for rating the PCL:SV were ...


Assessment Of Risk And Protective Factors For Homelessness : Preliminary Validation Of The Life Needs Inventory, Dena L. Brown-Young Jan 2006

Assessment Of Risk And Protective Factors For Homelessness : Preliminary Validation Of The Life Needs Inventory, Dena L. Brown-Young

PCOM Psychology Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the LNI (Life Needs Inventory), used by the VOADV (Volunteers of America Delaware Valley) organization to identify risk factors, as well as protective strengths, associated with the securing of stable housing among the homeless population. Homelessness is a growing concern in the United States (Rosenberg, Solarz, & Bailey, 1991) and individuals or families who become homeless are at risk for many more problems. Finding suitable shelter is just the beginning, as physical safety and mental health issues become major concerns. Violence, drugs, risky sexual behaviors, lack of social support, limited employment opportunities, financial ...