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2006

Psychology

Rowan University

Articles 1 - 9 of 9

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Contingency Management Techniques And Smoking Cessation In College Students, Laurie Athey Dec 2006

Contingency Management Techniques And Smoking Cessation In College Students, Laurie Athey

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine smoking cessation using different criteria for delivery of monetary reinforcement for college students from Rowan University, Glassboro, NJ. Participants participated in a 4 week study using a single subject reversal design (ABAC) in which baseline phases were alternated with either fixed criterion or shaping using an escalating schedule of reinforcement. The order of administration of intervention phases was determined randomly. Each intervention phase lasted 5 days (Monday-Friday). Results showed that contingent reinforcement for reduced carbon monoxide levels was effective in reducing smoking. However, additional studies need to be completed for longer periods ...


Behavior Problems In Children Of Battered Women, Stacey Monahan Sep 2006

Behavior Problems In Children Of Battered Women, Stacey Monahan

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to address this question: Is there a relationship between the trauma symptoms of mothers and the behavior problems of their children in the context of domestic violence? Mothers' trauma symptoms significantly correlated with their children's behavior problems in these children between the ages of 3 to 10 years. Pearson correlations revealed that the mothers' defensive avoidance scale scores significantly correlated with their children's anxious/depressed and internalizing scale scores, mothers' depression and impaired self-reference scale scores significantly correlated with their children's withdrawn and internalizing scale scores, and mothers' dysfunctional sexual behavior ...


Drug Addiction And Mothers: Does Parenting Get Better With Treatment?, Concetta Arabia Jul 2006

Drug Addiction And Mothers: Does Parenting Get Better With Treatment?, Concetta Arabia

Theses and Dissertations

Objective: To examine the parenting skills and attitudes of substance abusing mothers in a comprehensive drug treatment facility in Camden, NJ. Methods: Giving three self-report measures and urine analysis to 14 mothers at intake, 2-months, and 6-months. Participants were reimbursed for their time and travel. Results: Mothers parenting skills and attitudes at intake were found to lack the confidence and enjoyment in their parenting and to have high levels of perceived stress. Bigger sample sizes are needed. Discussion: Progress towards incorporating parenting skills training in in-patient and out-patient treatment facilities has been made. However, a distinction between bad parenting and ...


College Students' Preferences In Seeking Social Support From Divorced Verses Non-Divorced Parents, Juliet Maria Joseph Jun 2006

College Students' Preferences In Seeking Social Support From Divorced Verses Non-Divorced Parents, Juliet Maria Joseph

Theses and Dissertations

The goals of the current study were to (a) determine if differences exist in social support sought by college students from divorced vs. intact families and (b) to determine if the nature of the stressor is also related to students seeking support from either parent. Fifty-five students were recruited from Psychology courses at Rowan University and were given a modified version of the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ) and the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). They were also given a demographics sheet to complete. A one-way Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA) and a univariate test revealed significant differences in the SSQ-A/father ...


Level Of Distress And Perception Of Control In Concerned Significant Others Of Substance Abusers, Heather Tonczyczyn Jun 2006

Level Of Distress And Perception Of Control In Concerned Significant Others Of Substance Abusers, Heather Tonczyczyn

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to determine the perception of control and level of distress in Concerned Significant Others (CSO) seeking help for their loved one's drug abuse or dependence; and the effect of Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) intervention on CSO's perception of control as a possible mediator of the outcome. Participants were part of a larger treatment study conducted at the Treatment Research Institute and consisted of two significant others of substance abusers. The Shapiro Control Inventory (SCI) and the Drinkers Partners Distress Scale (DPD) were used to assess variables of control and distress ...


Different Methods Of Measuring The Problems Experienced By Significant Others Of Substance Abusers, Christine Perugini Jun 2006

Different Methods Of Measuring The Problems Experienced By Significant Others Of Substance Abusers, Christine Perugini

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine responses to two administration formats of an assessment instrument. Specifically, this study examined responses to oral and written administrations of an instrument designed to examine the problems of significant others of substance abusers. Participants were part of a larger treatment study conducted at the Treatment Research Institute and consisted of two significant others of substance abusers. Participants were given both an oral and written administration of the Significant Other Checklist (SOC; Kirby et al., 2005) at intake of the larger treatment study. The SOC (Kirby et al., 2005) seeks to examine problems ...


The Efficacy Of Cbt In Treating Co-Morbid Anxiety And Depression In An Adolescent Client, Ryan J. Fischer May 2006

The Efficacy Of Cbt In Treating Co-Morbid Anxiety And Depression In An Adolescent Client, Ryan J. Fischer

Theses and Dissertations

The goals of this exploratory investigation were to, (a) determine the efficacy of CBT in treating an adolescent client (n = 1) with co-morbid anxiety and depression, and (b) to examine whether or not the treatment of the anxiety disorder had an impact on the co-morbid depressive disorder. The investigation implemented quantitative measures such as the OQ-45.2, Y-OQ 2.0 and the WAI to evaluate the client's symptom impairment and the strength of the therapeutic alliance throughout treatment. The data indicated that the client's anxiety decreased over the course of treatment. In addition, the data indicated that the ...


Age Group And Gender Differences In Fears Of Aging, Vicky C. Tomlin May 2006

Age Group And Gender Differences In Fears Of Aging, Vicky C. Tomlin

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate differences in fears of aging in two age groups (M=20 years and M=30 years) and gender differences in fears of aging. Two hundred twenty-two undergraduate (n=156) and graduate students (n=66) responded to three questionnaires, the Anxiety about Aging Scale (AAS), the Brief Life Satisfaction Scales (BLSS), and an open-ended questionnaire allowing participants to write in their five greatest personal fears of aging. The older age group had significantly higher Anxiety about Aging Psychological Concerns subscale scores. Males scored significantly higher than females in AAS total scores, and males ...


Vulnerabilities To Depression, Anxiety And Interpersonal Problems: The Role Of Parental Styles, Schemas And Coping Styles, Daniel Kennedy Feb 2006

Vulnerabilities To Depression, Anxiety And Interpersonal Problems: The Role Of Parental Styles, Schemas And Coping Styles, Daniel Kennedy

Theses and Dissertations

Cognitive theory proposes that maladaptive schemas influence the development of anxious and depressive symptoms and early parental experiences have been proposed to influence schema development. In this current study, measures of depressive and anxious pathology, parenting styles, coping styles and interpersonal problems were administered to 224 undergraduate students. The main purpose the study was to test the cognitive model and the hypothesis that early maladaptive schemas (EMS) as defined by Young (1994) mediate the relationship between parenting styles and anxious and depressive pathology. Results indicated that EMSs do play an important mediational role in relationship to both anxious and depressive ...