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Avenacin Production In Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis Stolonifera) And Its Influence On The Host Range Of Gaeumannomyces Graminis, S. L. Thomas, P. Bonello, P. E. Lipps, Michael J. Boehm Jan 2006

Avenacin Production In Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis Stolonifera) And Its Influence On The Host Range Of Gaeumannomyces Graminis, S. L. Thomas, P. Bonello, P. E. Lipps, Michael J. Boehm

Papers in Plant Pathology

Avenacinase activity has been shown to be a key factor determining the host range of Gaeumannomyces graminis on oats (Avena sativa). G. graminis var. avenae produces avenacinase, which detoxifies the oat root saponin avenacin, enabling it to infect oats. G. graminis var. tritici does not produce avenacinase and is unable to infect oats. G. graminis var. avenae is also reported to incite take-all patch on creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera). It is unknown whether creeping bentgrass produces avenacin and if the avenacin-avenacinase interaction influences G. graminis pathogenicity on creeping bentgrass. The root extracts of six creeping bentgrass cultivars were analyzed by ...


Divergence And Mosaicism Among Virulent Soil Phages Of The Burkholderia Cepacia Complex, Elizabeth J. Summer, Carlos F. Gonzalez, Morgan Bomer, Thomas Carlile, Addie Embry, Amalie M. Kucherka, Jonte Lee, Leslie Mebane, William C. Morrison, Louise Mark, Maria D. King, John J. Lipuma, Anne K. Vidaver, Ry Young Jan 2006

Divergence And Mosaicism Among Virulent Soil Phages Of The Burkholderia Cepacia Complex, Elizabeth J. Summer, Carlos F. Gonzalez, Morgan Bomer, Thomas Carlile, Addie Embry, Amalie M. Kucherka, Jonte Lee, Leslie Mebane, William C. Morrison, Louise Mark, Maria D. King, John J. Lipuma, Anne K. Vidaver, Ry Young

Papers in Plant Pathology

We have determined the genomic sequences of four virulent myophages, Bcep1, Bcep43, BcepB1A, and Bcep781, whose hosts are soil isolates of the Burkholderia cepacia complex. Despite temporal and spatial separations between initial isolations, three of the phages (Bcep1, Bcep43, and Bcep781, designated the Bcep781 group) exhibit 87% to 99% sequence identity to one another and most coding region differences are due to synonymous nucleotide substitutions, a hallmark of neutral genetic drift. Phage BcepB1A has a very different genome organization but is clearly a mosaic with respect to many of the genes of the Bcep781 group, as is a defective prophage ...


Regulation Of Hyphal Morphogenesis And The Dna Damage Response By The Aspergillus Nidulans Atm Homolog Atma, Iran Malavazi, Camile P. Semighini, Marcia Regina Von Zeska Kress, Steven D. Harris, Gustavo H. Goldman Jan 2006

Regulation Of Hyphal Morphogenesis And The Dna Damage Response By The Aspergillus Nidulans Atm Homolog Atma, Iran Malavazi, Camile P. Semighini, Marcia Regina Von Zeska Kress, Steven D. Harris, Gustavo H. Goldman

Papers in Plant Pathology

Ataxia telangiectasia (A-T) is an inherited disorder characterized by progressive loss of motor function and susceptibility to cancer. The most prominent clinical feature observed in A-T patients is the degeneration of Purkinje motor neurons. Numerous studies have emphasized the role of the affected gene product, ATM, in the regulation of the DNA damage response. However, in Purkinje cells, the bulk of ATM localizes to the cytoplasm and may play a role in vesicle trafficking. The nature of this function, and its involvement in the pathology underlying A-T, remain unknown. Here we characterize the homolog of ATM (AtmA) in the filamentous ...


Carbon-To-Nitrogen Ratio And Carbon Loading Of Production Media Influence Freeze-Drying Survival And Biocontrol Efficacy Of Cryptococcus Nodaensis Oh 182.9, Shouan Zhang, David A. Schisler, Michael J. Boehm, Patricia J. Slininger Jan 2006

Carbon-To-Nitrogen Ratio And Carbon Loading Of Production Media Influence Freeze-Drying Survival And Biocontrol Efficacy Of Cryptococcus Nodaensis Oh 182.9, Shouan Zhang, David A. Schisler, Michael J. Boehm, Patricia J. Slininger

Papers in Plant Pathology

Fusarium head blight (FHB), caused by Gibberella zeae, is a devastating disease of wheat worldwide. Cryptococcus nodaensis OH 182.9 is an effective biocontrol agent for this disease. Development of a dried product of OH 182.9 would have potential advantages of ease of handling, favorable economics, and acceptance by end users. Isolate OH 182.9 was grown for 48 and 72 h in semi-defined complete liquid (SDCL) medium with carbon-to-nitrogen (C/N) ratios of 6.5:1, 9:1, 11:1, 15:1, and 30:1, and in SDCL C/N 30:1 media with varied carbon loadings of ...


A Position Paper On The Electronic Publication Of Nematode Taxonomic Manuscripts, Eyualem Abebe, James G. Baldwin, Byron Adams, Duane Hope, Scott Gardner, Robin Huettel, Peter Mullin, Thomas O. Powers, Jyotsna Sharma, Weimin Ye, William K. Thomas Jan 2006

A Position Paper On The Electronic Publication Of Nematode Taxonomic Manuscripts, Eyualem Abebe, James G. Baldwin, Byron Adams, Duane Hope, Scott Gardner, Robin Huettel, Peter Mullin, Thomas O. Powers, Jyotsna Sharma, Weimin Ye, William K. Thomas

Papers in Plant Pathology

Several nematode species have now attained ‘model organism’ status, yet there remain many niches in basic biological inquiry for which nematodes would be ideal model systems of study. However, furthering the model system approach is hindered by lack of information on nematode biodiversity. The shortage of taxonomic resources to inventory and characterize biodiversity hinders research programs in invasion biology, ecosystem functioning, conservation biology, and many others. The disproportion between numbers of species to be described and numbers of available taxonomic specialists is greater for Nematoda than for any other metazoan phylum. A partial solution to the taxonomic impediment is the ...