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Vascular Flora Of The South Fork Native Plant Reserve, Van Buren County, Arkansas, Theo Witsell, Brent Baker Jan 2006

Vascular Flora Of The South Fork Native Plant Reserve, Van Buren County, Arkansas, Theo Witsell, Brent Baker

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The South Fork Native Plant Preserve, a property owned and managed by the Gates Rogers Foundation, Inc., is located along the South Fork of the Little Red River (now Greers Ferry Lake) in Van Buren County, Arkansas. We conducted a floristic inventor/ of a 61.3 ha study area consisting of the preserve, adjacent lakefront property owned by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, and a riparian corridor on neighboring land from February through November 2005. A total of 582 vascular plant taxa, representing 118 families and 336 genera, was documented including six species (Carex lupuliformis Sartwell ex L ...


Chinese Flame Tree (Koelreuteria Bipinnata Franch.) (Sapindaceae) New To The Arkansas Flora, Brett Serviss, Nicole Freeman, Sara Melancen Jan 2006

Chinese Flame Tree (Koelreuteria Bipinnata Franch.) (Sapindaceae) New To The Arkansas Flora, Brett Serviss, Nicole Freeman, Sara Melancen

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

No abstract provided.


Development Of In Vitro Regeneration Protocols For Arkansas Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa L.), Moytri Roy Chowdhury, Audrei Dabul, John Hubstenberger, Gregory Phillips Jan 2006

Development Of In Vitro Regeneration Protocols For Arkansas Rice Varieties (Oryza Sativa L.), Moytri Roy Chowdhury, Audrei Dabul, John Hubstenberger, Gregory Phillips

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

Efficient regeneration of in vitro cultures of Oryza sativa L.is essential for successful manipulation of recombinant DNA technologies. Arkansas rice varieties perform better on modified Gamborg (B5)media, than on Murashige and Skoog (MS) orN6 media, which are more frequently reported in the literature. While 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) is commonly used for regeneration treatments of rice, Picloram (Pic) provides a possible alternative as a synthetic auxin source. Although regeneration frequency appears low, complete regeneration (whole plantlets) was faster and development of the shoot was superior on picloram treatments as compared to 2,4-D. Screening 5 Arkansas varieties ...


Evaluation Of Cross Pollination Of Zephyranthes And Habranthus Species And Hybrids, Moytri Roy Chowdhury, John Hubstenberger Jan 2006

Evaluation Of Cross Pollination Of Zephyranthes And Habranthus Species And Hybrids, Moytri Roy Chowdhury, John Hubstenberger

Journal of the Arkansas Academy of Science

The genus Zephyranthes and the related genus Habranthus in the family Amaryllidaceae are commonly grown ornamental bulbs having new world homologies. Inter-specific and inter-generic hybridizations are complicated by the fact that some of the species are apomictic, cross incompatible, or have widely variable 2n chromosome numbers. A simple, inexpensive method of pollen storage was tested to evaluate the production of hybrid seed. Intact anthers harvested after pollen release and stored at 4°C were used for pollination. Emasculated flowers were pollinated at noon on the first or second day of anthesis. Hybrid crosses were labeled and seed collected when formed ...


Effects Of Tank Mixes Of Mon 3539 And Selected Compounds In Roundupready Flex® Cotton – 2005, Jarrod Hardke, Gus Lorenz, Kyle Colwell, Craig Shelton Jan 2006

Effects Of Tank Mixes Of Mon 3539 And Selected Compounds In Roundupready Flex® Cotton – 2005, Jarrod Hardke, Gus Lorenz, Kyle Colwell, Craig Shelton

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Field experiments were conducted in 2005 to evaluate potential weed control interactions when MON 3539 (glyphosate) was applied with several insecticides and a plant growth regulator to RoundupReady Flex® cotton. Applications were made at the 1-3 leaf stage, the 6-8 node stage, and at the 12-14 node stage. Different combinations of tank mixes were used in each of the three applications. In the first application, all plots received the same treatment: MON 3539 at a rate of 0.75 lb ae/a. A second application was made to evaluate crop injury. Only the MON 3539 + Dimate (dimethoate) mixture significantly increased ...


Evaluation Of Water-Retention Ability Of Eastern Arkansas Prairie And Agricultural Soil, Maria L. Barrenechea, Kristofor R. Brye Jan 2006

Evaluation Of Water-Retention Ability Of Eastern Arkansas Prairie And Agricultural Soil, Maria L. Barrenechea, Kristofor R. Brye

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Agricultural land use affects soil physical properties, such as bulk density, water content, organic matter content, and soil structure; all of which in turn affect ecosystem productivity. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of: 1) time since aboveground biomass has been removed by haying (i.e., 0 vs. 23 years), and 2) land use (i.e., undisturbed tallgrass prairie vs. cultivated agriculture) on water-retention characteristics in a silt-loam soil of the Grand Prairie region of eastern Arkansas. Soil samples were collected from the 0- to 10-cm depth and were wetted with varying amounts of distillated water ...


Adventitious Shoot Propagation And Cultural Inputs In Nursery Production Of A Primocane-Fruiting Blackberry Selection, Kimberley Dennis, John R. Clark, James A. Robbins Jan 2006

Adventitious Shoot Propagation And Cultural Inputs In Nursery Production Of A Primocane-Fruiting Blackberry Selection, Kimberley Dennis, John R. Clark, James A. Robbins

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Studies were conducted from January to October 2005 to determine the effect of root-cutting length on adventitious shoot yield and the management practices necessary to produce nurseryquality primocane-fruiting blackberry plants. The first portion of the study measured the average number of shoots produced from 7.6 cm- and 15.2 cm-long root cuttings of APF-44 blackberry—a primocane-fruiting genotype from the University of Arkansas breeding program. Cuttings were forced in a shallow bin containing a soilless potting medium. The average number of shoots per root cutting from 7.6 cm- and 15.2 cm- long root cuttings averaged 1.6 ...


Infiltration And Short-Term Movement Of Nitrogen In A Silt-Loam Soil Typical Of Rice Cultivation In Arkansas, Lindsay M. Copenhaver, Mary C. Savin, David M. Miller, Peter J. Tomlinson, Kristofor R. Brye, Richard J. Norman Jan 2006

Infiltration And Short-Term Movement Of Nitrogen In A Silt-Loam Soil Typical Of Rice Cultivation In Arkansas, Lindsay M. Copenhaver, Mary C. Savin, David M. Miller, Peter J. Tomlinson, Kristofor R. Brye, Richard J. Norman

Discovery, The Student Journal of Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural, Food and Life Sciences

Rice production in Arkansas is one of the top three crop commodities in terms of cash receipts. Researchers and farmers report that nitrogen (N) needs to be managed according to a variety of factors with two important ones being soil and fertilizer type. The objectives of this experiment were to determine: 1) the degree to which floodwater-incorporated N applied as urea or as ammonium sulfate infiltrates intact cores (7.2-cm dia., 10-cm depth) containing DeWitt siltloam soil, and 2) the distribution of N during 12 h of ponding. Inorganic-N concentrations were analyzed at 2-cm depth intervals in cores following removal ...