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2006

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Small And Large-Scale Magnetic Fields Involved With Solar Flares, Chang Liu Dec 2006

Small And Large-Scale Magnetic Fields Involved With Solar Flares, Chang Liu

Dissertations

Solar flares are generally identified as an important source of disturbances that affect space weather, while many aspects of the basic flare process are still not well understood. The purpose of the present work has been to investigate the small and large-scale magnetic structures and their evolution associated with flares in the context of magnetic reconnection, based on which the goal of this dissertation is to further the understanding of the various properties of flares and related phenomena, including their origin, precursors, and evolution of morphology in solar atmosphere.

The research presented in this dissertation relied upon multiwavelength observations of ...


High Resolution Studies Of Complex Solar Active Regions, Na Deng Dec 2006

High Resolution Studies Of Complex Solar Active Regions, Na Deng

Dissertations

Flares and Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) are energetic events, which can even impact the near-Earth environment and are the principal source of space weather. Most of them originate in solar active regions. The most violent events are produced in sunspots with a complex magnetic field topology. Studying their morphology and dynamics is helpful in understanding the energy accumulation and release mechanisms for flares and CMEs, which are intriguing problems in solar physics.

The study of complex active regions is based on high-resolution observations from space missions and new instruments at the Big Bear Solar Observatory (BBSO). Adaptive optics (AG) in ...


Afci Quarterly Input: Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2006, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division Dec 2006

Afci Quarterly Input: Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2006, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division

Transmutation Research Program Reports (TRP)

Quarterly report highlighting research projects, activities and objectives of the Transmutation Research Program at the Nuclear Science & Technology Division, Harry Reid Research Center.

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas supports the AFCI through research and development of technologies for economic and environmentally sound refinement of spent nuclear fuel. The UNLV program has four components: infrastructure, international collaboration, student-based research, and management and program support.


Scaling Tests Of The Cross Section For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, C. Muñoz Camacho, Timothy Holmstrom, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration Dec 2006

Scaling Tests Of The Cross Section For Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering, C. Muñoz Camacho, Timothy Holmstrom, Jefferson Lab Hall A Collaboration

Chemistry and Physics Faculty Publications

We present the first measurements of the e⃗p→epγ cross section in the deeply virtual Compton scattering (DVCS) regime and the valence quark region. The Q2 dependence (from 1.5 to 2.3  GeV2) of the helicity-dependent cross section indicates the twist-2 dominance of DVCS, proving that generalized parton distributions (GPDs) are accessible to experiment at moderate Q2. The helicity-independent cross section is also measured at Q2=2.3  GeV2. We present the first model-independent measurement of linear combinations of GPDs and GPD integrals up to the twist-3 approximation.


The Coefficient Of Bohm Diffusion In Fully Ionized Plasma And Its Theoretical Proof, Ahmad Talaei, Reza Amrollahi Dec 2006

The Coefficient Of Bohm Diffusion In Fully Ionized Plasma And Its Theoretical Proof, Ahmad Talaei, Reza Amrollahi

Graduate Student Presentations

As we know, the classical diffusion can not be able to respond the experimental results of the diffusion in the fully ionized and isothermal plasma. In this article, we purpose to extract the empirical coefficients of the Bohm diffusion and its confinement time, theoretically, in the fully ionized plasma, using the single fluid MHD equations.


Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry And Cross Section For Inclusive Jet Production In Polarized Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, B.I. Abelev, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, M. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, F. Benedosso, S. Bhardwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L.C. Bland, S-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, T.P. Burton, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, S. Dash, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, P. Djawotho, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, M.S. Ganti, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, Y.G. Gorbunov, H. Gos, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, K.S.F.F. Guimaraes, N. Gupta, T. D. Gutierrez, B. Haag, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, J.W. Harris, W. He, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, A.M. Hoffman, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, P. Jakl, F. Jia, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, J. Kapitan, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, S.R. Klein, A. Kocoloski, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, V. Kouchpil, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, S. Lapointe, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, X. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, L. Martin, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, J. Millane, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, S. Mioduszewski, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, C. Nattrass, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, M. Pachr, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Poljak, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, J. Reinnarth, D. Relyea, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, T. Sakuma, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, A. Shabetai, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, Z. Sun, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, J.S. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Q.H. Xu, Z. Xu, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, W. Zhan, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo Dec 2006

Longitudinal Double-Spin Asymmetry And Cross Section For Inclusive Jet Production In Polarized Proton Collisions At √S = 200 Gev, B.I. Abelev, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, M. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, F. Benedosso, S. Bhardwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, L.C. Bland, S-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, T.P. Burton, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, S. Dash, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, P. Djawotho, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, M.S. Ganti, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, Y.G. Gorbunov, H. Gos, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, K.S.F.F. Guimaraes, N. Gupta, T. D. Gutierrez, B. Haag, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, J.W. Harris, W. He, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, A.M. Hoffman, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, P. Jakl, F. Jia, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, J. Kapitan, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, S.R. Klein, A. Kocoloski, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, V. Kouchpil, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, S. Lapointe, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, X. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, L. Martin, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, J. Millane, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, S. Mioduszewski, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, C. Nattrass, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, M. Pachr, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Poljak, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, J. Reinnarth, D. Relyea, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, T. Sakuma, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, A. Shabetai, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, Z. Sun, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, J.S. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Q.H. Xu, Z. Xu, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, W. Zhan, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, Y. Zhao, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo

Physics

We report a measurement of the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry ALL and the differential cross section for inclusive midrapidity jet production in polarized proton collisions at √s=200  GeV. The cross section data cover transverse momenta 5


Coefficient Of Bohm Diffusion In Fully Ionized Plasma And Its Theoretical Proof, Ahmad Talaei, Reza Amrollahi Dec 2006

Coefficient Of Bohm Diffusion In Fully Ionized Plasma And Its Theoretical Proof, Ahmad Talaei, Reza Amrollahi

Ahmad Talaei

Unlike classical diffusion that scales inversely as the square of the magnetic field strength, it is quite usual that transport especially in laboratory plasma in not by classical mechanisms, instead it is a rapid diffusion and then loss of plasma particles across magnetic field lines that scales inversely with the magnetic field strength. In this work, by the simple set of single-fluid magnetohydrodynamic (mhd) equations applied for fully ionized plasma in steady state, the empirical bohm diffusion and time are extracted.


Structure Inhomogeneities, Shallow Defects, And Charge Transport In The Series Of Thermoelectric Materials K2bi8−Xsbxse13, Jeffrey S. Dyck, T. Kyratski, E. Hatzikraniotis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, C. D. Malliakas, C. Uher, M. G. Kanatzidis Dec 2006

Structure Inhomogeneities, Shallow Defects, And Charge Transport In The Series Of Thermoelectric Materials K2bi8−Xsbxse13, Jeffrey S. Dyck, T. Kyratski, E. Hatzikraniotis, K. M. Paraskevopoulos, C. D. Malliakas, C. Uher, M. G. Kanatzidis

Physics

The charge transport properties of the low-dimensional thermoelectric materials K2Bi8-xSbxSe13 (02Bi8-xSbxSe13 was analyzed on the basis of the classical semiconductor theory and discussed in the context of recent band calculations. The results suggest that the K2Bi8-xSbxSe13 materials possess coexisting domains with semimetallic and semiconducting characters whose ratio is influenced by the value of x and by local defects. The extent and relative distribution of these domains control the charge transport properties. Electron diffraction experiments performed on samples of K2 ...


Observation Of Vortex Pinning In Bose-Einstein Condensates, S. Tung, V. Schweikhard, Eric A. Cornell Dec 2006

Observation Of Vortex Pinning In Bose-Einstein Condensates, S. Tung, V. Schweikhard, Eric A. Cornell

Physics Faculty Contributions

We report the observation of vortex pinning in rotating gaseous Bose-Einstein condensates. Vortices are pinned to columnar pinning sites created by a corotating optical lattice superimposed on the rotating Bose-Einstein condensates. We study the effects of two types of optical lattice: triangular and square. In both geometries we see an orientation locking between the vortex and the optical lattices. At sufficient intensity the square optical lattice induces a structural crossover in the vortex lattice.


Model For Light Scalars In Qcd, Joseph Schechter, Amir H. Fariborz, Renata Jora Dec 2006

Model For Light Scalars In Qcd, Joseph Schechter, Amir H. Fariborz, Renata Jora

Physics

We propose a systematic procedure to study a generalized linear sigma model which can give a physical picture of possible mixing between q{\bar q} and qq{\bar q}{\bar q} low lying spin zero states. In the limit of zero quark masses, we derive the model independent results for the properties of the Nambu Goldstone pseudoscalar particles. For getting information on the scalars it is necessary to make a specific choice of terms. We impose two plausible physical criteria - the modeling of the axial anomaly and the suppression of effective vertices representing too many fermion lines - for limiting the ...


Measurement Of The BS0 Lifetime Using Semileptonic Decays, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2006

Measurement Of The BS0 Lifetime Using Semileptonic Decays, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory R. Snow, D0 Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We report a measurement of the Bs0 lifetime in the semileptonic decay channel Bs0Ds- μ+νX (and its charge conjugate), using approximately 0.4 fb-1 of data collected with the D0 detector during 2002–2004. Using 5176 reconstructed Ds- μ+ signal events, we have measured the Bs0 lifetime to be τ(Bs0) = 1.398 ± 0.044(stat) -0.025+0.028(syst) ps. This is the most precise measurement of the Bs0 lifetime to date.


Thickness Profiles Through Fatigued Bulk Ceramic Lead Zirconate Titanate, Nina Balke, Doru C. Lupascu, Thomas Blair Dec 2006

Thickness Profiles Through Fatigued Bulk Ceramic Lead Zirconate Titanate, Nina Balke, Doru C. Lupascu, Thomas Blair

Alexei Gruverman Publications

Wedge-cut samples of fatigued ferroelectric lead zirconate titanate ceramics were investigated using piezoresponse force microscopy in conjunction with conventional electrical hysteresis measurements. The local clamping of domains is monitored at different depths in the sample. The coercive fields in grains near the electrodes differ for different materials and preparation methods of the electrodes. For silver, fatigue consistently generates a space charge in the depth of the sample. For platinum electrodes, the fatigue behavior scatters strongly. Microscopically, it either occurs directly underneath the electrodes or resembles the behavior of the silver electrodes in other samples.


Sigma Exchange In The Nuclear Force And Effective Field Theory, John Donoghue Dec 2006

Sigma Exchange In The Nuclear Force And Effective Field Theory, John Donoghue

John Donoghue

In the phenomenological description of the nuclear interaction a crucial role is traditionally played by the exchange of a scalar I=0 meson, the sigma, of mass 500-600 MeV, which however is not seen clearly in the particle spectrum and which has a very ambiguous status in QCD. I show that a remarkably simple and reasonably controlled combination of ingredients can reproduce the features of this part of the nuclear force. The use of chiral perturbation theory calculations for two pion exchange supplemented by the Omnes function for pion rescattering suffices to reproduce the magnitude and shape of the exchange ...


Harmonic Detection Of Resonance In Micro- And Nano- Cantilevers, Jay Gaillard Dec 2006

Harmonic Detection Of Resonance In Micro- And Nano- Cantilevers, Jay Gaillard

All Dissertations

Over the past decade there has been an explosion in the study of cantilevered beams on the micron and submicron dimension. The applications and research that involve these structures include state-of-the-art electronic components, sensors, and more recently, studies aimed at elucidating the mechanical properties of cantilevered carbon nanotubes and semiconducting nanowires. In nanoelectro-mechanical systems (NEMS), it is desirable to develop a capacitive readout method involving only two electrodes that are fully compliant with standard CMOS technology. However, the main drawback with this method is the ability to detect resonance in the presence of parasitic capacitance, which is due to the ...


Measurement Of BD Mixing Using Opposite-Side Flavor Tagging, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory Snow, D0 Collaboration Dec 2006

Measurement Of BD Mixing Using Opposite-Side Flavor Tagging, V.M. Abazov, Kenneth A. Bloom, Gregory Snow, D0 Collaboration

Kenneth Bloom Publications

We report on a measurement of the Bd0 mixing frequency and the calibration of an opposite-side flavor tagger in the D0 experiment. Various properties associated with the b quark on the opposite side of the reconstructed B meson are combined using a likelihood-ratio method into a single variable with enhanced tagging power. Its performance is tested with data, using a large sample of reconstructed semileptonic B → μD0X and B → μD*X decays, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 1 fb-1. The events are divided into groups depending on the value of the ...


Assembly And Modification Of A Hyperthermal And Low Energy Ion Beamline For Detecting Electron-Hole Pair Production In Schottky Diodes, Matthew Ray Dec 2006

Assembly And Modification Of A Hyperthermal And Low Energy Ion Beamline For Detecting Electron-Hole Pair Production In Schottky Diodes, Matthew Ray

All Theses

A hyperthermal and low energy ion beamline to measure electron-hole pair production due to ion bombardment of Schottky diodes has been modified and assembled.
A brief overview of the instrument is given and the reason for operating the ion beamline in the hyperthermal and low energy regime is discussed. The capabilities of the ion beamline are unique and provide the means to measure quantities that offer insight into various energy exchange mechanisms that occur at surfaces. Combined with the ability to accept Schottky diode samples, the beamline is capable of measuring both charge transfer and electron-hole pair production caused by ...


Geometry, Electronic Properties, And Thermodynamics Of Pure And Al-Doped Li Clusters, Mal-Soon Lee, Gowtham S, Haiying He, Kah Chun Lau, Lin Pan, D G. Kanhere Dec 2006

Geometry, Electronic Properties, And Thermodynamics Of Pure And Al-Doped Li Clusters, Mal-Soon Lee, Gowtham S, Haiying He, Kah Chun Lau, Lin Pan, D G. Kanhere

Data Science Publications

The first-principles density functional molecular dynamics simulations have been carried out to investigate the geometric, the electronic, and the finite temperature properties of pure Li clusters (Li10, Li12) and Al-doped Li clusters (Li10Al, Li10Al2). We find that the addition of two Al impurities in Li10 results in a substantial structural change, while the addition of one Al impurity causes a rearrangement of atoms. Introduction of Al impurities in Li10 establishes a polar bond between Li and nearby Al atom(s), leading to a multicentered bonding, which weakens the Li-Li metallic bonds ...


Why Should Primordial Perturbations Be In A Vacuum State?, Christian Armendariz-Picon Dec 2006

Why Should Primordial Perturbations Be In A Vacuum State?, Christian Armendariz-Picon

Physics

In order to calculate the power spectrum generated during a stage of inflation, we have to specify the quantum state of the inflaton perturbations, which is conventionally assumed to be the Bunch-Davies vacuum. We argue that this choice is justified only if the interactions of cosmological perturbations are strong enough to drive excited states toward the vacuum. We quantify this efficiency by calculating the decay probabilities of excited states to leading order in the slow-roll expansion in canonical single-field inflationary models. These probabilities are suppressed by a slow-roll parameter and the squared Planck mass, and enhanced by ultraviolet and infrared ...


Proton-Λ Correlations In Central Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, J. Adams, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, S.K. Badyal, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, J. Berger, B.I. Bezverkhny, S. Bharadwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, V.S. Bhatia, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, A. Billmeier, L.C. Bland, C.O. Blyth, S.-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, A. Boucham, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, H.A. Choi, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, A.K. Dubey, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, J. Faivre, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, K. Filimonov, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, K.S.F. Fornazier, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, J. Gans, M.S. Ganti, F. Geurts, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, H. Gos, O. Grachov, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, Y. Guo, A. Gupta, N. Gupta, T.D. Gutierrez, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, D. Hardtke, J.W. Harris, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, A. Ishihara, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, M. Jedynak, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, J. Klay, S.R. Klein, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, R. Kh. Kutuev, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C.-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Q.J. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, M. Lopez-Noriega, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, S. Mahajan, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, C. Markert, L. Martin, J.N. Marx, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, F. Meissner, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, S.K. Nayak, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, V.A. Nikitin, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, V.A. Petrov, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, O. Ravel, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, D. Reichhold, J.G. Reid, J. Reinnarth, G. Renault, F. Retiere, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, I. Savin, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, K. Schweda, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, W. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, K.E. Shestermanov, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Z.M. Wang, H. Ward, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Z. Xu, Z.Z. Xu, E. Yamamoto, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, I. Zborovsky, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo Dec 2006

Proton-Λ Correlations In Central Au+Au Collisions At √SNn = 200 Gev, J. Adams, M.M. Aggarwal, Z. Ahammed, J. Amonett, B.D. Anderson, D. Arkhipkin, G.S. Averichev, S.K. Badyal, Y. Bai, J. Balewski, O. Barannikova, L.S. Barnby, J. Baudot, S. Bekele, V.V. Belaga, A. Bellingeri-Laurikainen, R. Bellwied, J. Berger, B.I. Bezverkhny, S. Bharadwaj, A. Bhasin, A.K. Bhati, V.S. Bhatia, H. Bichsel, J. Bielcik, J. Bielcikova, A. Billmeier, L.C. Bland, C.O. Blyth, S.-L. Blyth, B.E. Bonner, M. Botje, A. Boucham, J. Bouchet, A.V. Brandin, A. Bravar, M. Bystersky, R.V. Cadman, X.Z. Cai, H. Caines, M. Calderón De La Barca Sánchez, J. Castillo, O. Catu, D. Cebra, Z. Chajecki, P. Chaloupka, S. Chattopadhyay, H.F. Chen, J.H. Chen, Y. Chen, J. Cheng, M. Cherney, A. Chikanian, H.A. Choi, W. Christie, J.P. Coffin, T.M. Cormier, M.R. Cosentino, J.G. Cramer, H.J. Crawford, D. Das, S. Das, M. Daugherity, M.M. De Moura, T.G. Dedovich, M. Dephillips, A.A. Derevschikov, L. Didenko, T. Dietel, S.M. Dogra, W.J. Dong, X. Dong, J.E. Draper, F. Du, A.K. Dubey, V.B. Dunin, J.C. Dunlop, M.R. Dutta Mazumdar, V. Eckardt, W.R. Edwards, L.G. Efimov, V. Emelianov, J. Engelage, G. Eppley, B. Erazmus, M. Estienne, P. Fachini, J. Faivre, R. Fatemi, J. Fedorisin, K. Filimonov, P. Filip, E. Finch, V. Fine, Y. Fisyak, K.S.F. Fornazier, J. Fu, C.A. Gagliardi, L. Gaillard, J. Gans, M.S. Ganti, F. Geurts, V. Ghazikhanian, P. Ghosh, J.E. Gonzalez, H. Gos, O. Grachov, O. Grebenyuk, D. Grosnick, S.M. Guertin, Y. Guo, A. Gupta, N. Gupta, T.D. Gutierrez, T.J. Hallman, A. Hamed, D. Hardtke, J.W. Harris, M. Heinz, T.W. Henry, S. Hepplemann, B. Hippolyte, A. Hirsch, E. Hjort, G.W. Hoffmann, M.J. Horner, H.Z. Huang, S.L. Huang, E.W. Hughes, T.J. Humanic, G. Igo, A. Ishihara, P. Jacobs, W.W. Jacobs, M. Jedynak, H. Jiang, P.G. Jones, E.G. Judd, S. Kabana, K. Kang, M. Kaplan, D. Keane, A. Kechechyan, V.Yu. Khodyrev, B.C. Kim, J. Kiryluk, A. Kisiel, E.M. Kislov, J. Klay, S.R. Klein, D.D. Koetke, T. Kollegger, M. Kopytine, L. Kotchenda, K.L. Kowalik, M. Kramer, P. Kravtsov, V.I. Kravtsov, K. Krueger, C. Kuhn, A.I. Kulikov, A. Kumar, R. Kh. Kutuev, A.A. Kuznetsov, M.A.C. Lamont, J.M. Landgraf, S. Lange, F. Laue, J. Lauret, A. Lebedev, R. Lednicky, C.-H. Lee, S. Lehocka, M.J. Levine, C. Li, Q. Li, Y. Li, G. Lin, S.J. Lindenbaum, M.A. Lisa, F. Liu, H. Liu, J. Liu, L. Liu, Q.J. Liu, Z. Liu, T. Ljubicic, W.J. Llope, H. Long, R.S. Longacre, M. Lopez-Noriega, W.A. Love, Y. Lu, T. Ludlam, D. Lynn, G.L. Ma, J.G. Ma, Y.G. Ma, D. Magestro, S. Mahajan, D.P. Mahapatra, R. Majka, L.K. Mangotra, R. Manweiler, S. Margetis, C. Markert, C. Markert, L. Martin, J.N. Marx, H.S. Matis, Yu.A. Matulenko, C.J. Mcclain, T.S. Mcshane, F. Meissner, Yu. Melnick, A. Meschanin, M.L. Miller, N.G. Minaev, C. Mironov, A. Mischke, D.K. Mishra, J. Mitchell, B. Mohanty, L. Molnar, C.F. Moore, D.A. Morozov, M.G. Munhoz, B.K. Nandi, S.K. Nayak, T.K. Nayak, J.M. Nelson, P.K. Netrakanti, V.A. Nikitin, L.V. Nogach, S.B. Nurushev, G. Odyniec, A. Ogawa, V. Okorokov, M. Oldenburg, D. Olson, S.K. Pal, Y. Panebratsev, S.Y. Panitkin, A.I. Pavlinov, T. Pawlak, T. Peitzmann, V. Perevoztchikov, C. Perkins, W. Peryt, V.A. Petrov, S.C. Phatak, R. Picha, M. Planinic, J. Pluta, N. Porile, J. Porter, A.M. Poskanzer, M. Potekhin, E. Potrebenikova, B.V.K.S. Potukuchi, D. Prindle, C. Pruneau, J. Putschke, G. Rakness, R. Raniwala, S. Raniwala, O. Ravel, R.L. Ray, S.V. Razin, D. Reichhold, J.G. Reid, J. Reinnarth, G. Renault, F. Retiere, A. Ridiger, H.G. Ritter, J.B. Roberts, O.V. Rogachevskiy, J.L. Romero, A. Rose, C. Roy, L. Ruan, M.J. Russcher, R. Sahoo, I. Sakrejda, S. Salur, J. Sandweiss, M. Sarsour, I. Savin, P.S. Sazhin, J. Schambach, R.P. Scharenberg, N. Schmitz, K. Schweda, J. Seger, I. Selyuzhenkov, P. Seyboth, E. Shahaliev, M. Shao, W. Shao, M. Sharma, W.Q. Shen, K.E. Shestermanov, S.S. Shimanskiy, E. Sichtermann, F. Simon, R.N. Singaraju, N. Smirnov, R. Snellings, G. Sood, P. Sorensen, J. Sowinski, J. Speltz, H.M. Spinka, B. Srivastava, A. Stadnik, T.D.S. Stanislaus, R. Stock, A. Stolpovsky, M. Strikhanov, B. Stringfellow, A.A.P. Suaide, E. Sugarbaker, M. Sumbera, B. Surrow, M. Swanger, T.J.M. Symons, A. Szanto De Toledo, A. Tai, J. Takahashi, A.H. Tang, T. Tarnowsky, D. Thein, J.H. Thomas, A.R. Timmins, S. Timoshenko, M. Tokarev, T.A. Trainor, S. Trentalange, R.E. Tribble, O.D. Tsai, J. Ulery, T. Ullrich, D.G. Underwood, G. Van Buren, N. Van Der Kolk, M. Van Leeuwen, A.M. Vander Molen, R. Varma, I.M. Vasilevski, A.N. Vasiliev, R. Vernet, S.E. Vigdor, Y.P. Viyogi, S. Vokal, S.A. Voloshin, W.T. Waggoner, F. Wang, G. Wang, G. Wang, X.L. Wang, Y. Wang, Y. Wang, Z.M. Wang, H. Ward, J.W. Watson, J.C. Webb, G.D. Westfall, A. Wetzler, C. A. Whitten Jr., H. Wieman, S.W. Wissink, R. Witt, J. Wood, J. Wu, N. Xu, Z. Xu, Z.Z. Xu, E. Yamamoto, P. Yepes, I-K. Yoo, V.I. Yurevich, I. Zborovsky, H. Zhang, W.M. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z.P. Zhang, C. Zhong, R. Zoulkarneev, Y. Zoulkarneeva, A.N. Zubarev, J.X. Zuo

Physics

We report on p−Λ,p− ¯Λ¯ ,¯p¯−Λ, and ¯p¯− ¯Λ¯ correlation functions constructed in central Au-Au collisions at √sNN=200 GeV by the STAR experiment at RHIC. The proton and lambda source size is inferred from the p−Λ and p− ¯Λ¯; correlation functions. It is found to be smaller than the pion source size also measured by the STAR experiment at smaller transverse masses, in agreement with a scenario of a strong universal collective flow. The ¯p¯− Λ and p− ¯Λ¯ correlation functions, which are measured for the first time, exhibit a large anticorrelation. Annihilation channels ...


Structural Study Of Mn-Doped Zno Fi Lms By Tem, Xingzhong Li, Jun Zhang, David J. Sellmyer Dec 2006

Structural Study Of Mn-Doped Zno Fi Lms By Tem, Xingzhong Li, Jun Zhang, David J. Sellmyer

David Sellmyer Publications

The structural study of diluted magnetic semiconductors is important for interpreting the ferromagnetic behavior associated with the materials. In the present work, a series of low concentration Mn-doped ZnO thin films synthesized by pulsed laser deposition was studied by electron microscopy. All films show the wurtzite structure with (001) preferred growth orientation on the Si substrate. Electron diffraction experiments indicate the deterioration of the growth orientation in some areas of the films with increasing Mn concentration, and the existence of a secondary phase, of Mn2O3-type, in the films with larger Mn concentrations. High-resolution electron microscopy images ...


Modified Control Software For Imaging Ultracold Atomic Clouds, Dwight L. Whitaker, A. Sharma, J. M. Brown Dec 2006

Modified Control Software For Imaging Ultracold Atomic Clouds, Dwight L. Whitaker, A. Sharma, J. M. Brown

Pomona Faculty Publications and Research

A charge-coupled device (CCD) camera capable of taking high-quality images of ultracold atomic samples can often represent a significant portion of the equipment costs in atom trapping experiment. We have modified the commercial control software of a CCD camera designed for astronomical imaging to take absorption images of ultracold rubidium clouds. This camera is sensitive at 780 nm and has been modified to take three successive 16-bit images at full resolution. The control software can be integrated into a Matlab graphical user interface with fitting routines written as Matlab functions. This camera is capable of recording high-quality images at a ...


The X-Ray Variability Of Seyfert Galaxies, Kevin Marshall Dec 2006

The X-Ray Variability Of Seyfert Galaxies, Kevin Marshall

Physics and Astronomy Dissertations

Strong and variable X-ray emission has long been known to be a universal property of active galaxies. However, despite years of study, the exact nature of the variability remains relatively unknown. We present here results of a multi-year monitoring campaign of a sample of Seyfert galaxies (3C 120, Mkn 509, 3C 390.3, and Akn 120), carried out using the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE). For Mkn 509, we also present results of optical monitoring. Mkn 509 shows a strong correlation between X-ray and optical variations, with the optical leading the X-ray by 25 days. We also investigate the rms-flux ...


Threshold Extension Of Gallium Arsenide/Aluminum Gallium Arsenide Terahertz Detectors And Switching In Heterostructures, Mohamed Buhary Rinzan Dec 2006

Threshold Extension Of Gallium Arsenide/Aluminum Gallium Arsenide Terahertz Detectors And Switching In Heterostructures, Mohamed Buhary Rinzan

Physics and Astronomy Dissertations

In this work, homojunction interfacial workfunction internal photoemission (HIWIP) detectors based on GaAs, and heterojunction interfacial workfunction internal photoemission (HEIWIP) detectors based mainly on the Gallium Arsenide/Aluminum Gallium Arsenide material system are presented. Design principles of HIWIP and HEIWIP detectors, such as free carrier absorption, photocarrier generation, photoemission, and responsivity, are discussed in detail. Results of p-type HIWIPs based on GaAs material are presented. Homojunction detectors based on p-type GaAs were found to limit their operating wavelength range. This is mainly due to band depletion arising through carrier transitions from the heavy/light hole bands to the split off ...


Physics Department News, December 2006, College Of Arts And Sciences Dec 2006

Physics Department News, December 2006, College Of Arts And Sciences

Physics Newsletter

Contents from Volume 5, Issue 2:

  • Editor’s Note
  • From the Chair
  • What’s New at the University
  • Faculty Highlights
  • Staff Highlights
  • PhysTEC
  • International Week
  • ICPEAC Program Meeting
  • Student News
  • Annual Student Awards
  • Recent Graduates
  • Department Roster
  • Photo Gallery
  • Feedback/Update Reply Form


Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi Dec 2006

Theory Of Cavity-Polariton Self-Trapping And Optical Strain In Polymer Chains, M. V. Katkov, Yuriy V. Pershin Dr, C. Piermarocchi

Faculty Publications

We consider a semiconductor polymer chain coupled to a single electromagnetic mode in a cavity. The excitations of the chain have a mixed exciton-photon character and are described as polaritons. Polaritons are coupled to the lattice by the deformation potential interaction and can propagate in the chain. We find that the presence of optical excitation in the polymer induces strain on the lattice. We use a BCS variational wave function to calculate the chemical potential of the polaritons as a function of their density. We analyze first the case of a short chain with only two unit cells in order ...


(207)Pb Spin-Lattice Relaxation In Solid Pbmoo(4) And Pbcl(2), Peter A. Beckmann, Shi Bai, Alexander J. Vega, Cecil Dybowski Dec 2006

(207)Pb Spin-Lattice Relaxation In Solid Pbmoo(4) And Pbcl(2), Peter A. Beckmann, Shi Bai, Alexander J. Vega, Cecil Dybowski

Physics Faculty Research and Scholarship

We have measured the (207)Pb nuclear spin-lattice relaxation rate R as a function of temperature T at two nuclear magnetic resonance frequencies omega(0) in the ionic solids lead molybdate (PbMoO(4)) and lead chloride (PbCl(2)). R is unexpectedly large, proportional to T(2), and independent of omega(0). Taken together with previous work in lead nitrate [Pb(NO(3))(2)], these results show that the relaxation does not depend on the nature or rotational motion of the counterion, particularly since the counterion in lead chloride is a single chlorine atom. The theory that explains the observed relaxation ...


Single Top Quark Production At The Fermilab Tevatron: Threshold Resummation And Finite-Order Soft Gluon Corrections, Nikolaos Kidonakis Dec 2006

Single Top Quark Production At The Fermilab Tevatron: Threshold Resummation And Finite-Order Soft Gluon Corrections, Nikolaos Kidonakis

Faculty Publications

I present a calculation of threshold soft-gluon corrections to single top-quark production in p(p) collisions via all partonic processes in the t and s channels and via associated top quark and W boson production. The soft-gluon corrections are formally resummed to all orders, and finite-order expansions of the resummed cross section are calculated through next-to-next-to-next-to-leading-order (NNNLO) at next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) accuracy. Numerical results for single top-quark production at the Tevatron are presented, including the dependence of the cross sections on the top-quark mass and on the factorization and renormalization scales. The threshold corrections in the t channel are small ...


Near-Field Thermal Radiative Transfer And Thermoacoustic Effects From Vapor Plumes Produced By Pulsed Co2 Laser Ablation Of Bulk Water, S. I. Kudryashov, Kevin Lyon, S. D. Allen Dec 2006

Near-Field Thermal Radiative Transfer And Thermoacoustic Effects From Vapor Plumes Produced By Pulsed Co2 Laser Ablation Of Bulk Water, S. I. Kudryashov, Kevin Lyon, S. D. Allen

Mechanical Engineering - Daytona Beach

Submillimeter deep heating of bulk water by thermal radiation from ablative water plumes produced by a 10.6 μm transversely excited atmospheric C O2 laser and the related acoustic generation has been studied using a contact time-resolved photoacoustic technique. Effective penetration depths of thermal radiation in water were measured as a function of incident laser fluence and the corresponding plume temperatures were estimated. The near-field thermal and thermoacoustic effects of thermal radiation in laser-ablated bulk water and their potential near-field implications are discussed.

c 2006 American Institute of Physics


Cuore: An Experiment To Investigate For Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay By Cooling 750 Kg Of Teo2 Crystals At 10 Mk, J. Beeman, M. Dolinski, T.D. Gutierrez, E.E. Haller, R. Maruyama, A.R. Smith, N. Xu, A. Giuliani, M. Pedretti, S. Sangiorgio, M. Barucci, E. Olivieri, L. Risegari, G. Ventura, M Balata, C. Bucci, S. Nisi, E. Palmieri, A. De Waard, E.B. Norman, C. Arnaboldi, C. Brofferio, S. Capelli, F. Capozzi, L. Carbone, M. Clemenza, O Cremonesi, E. Fiorini, C Nones, A. Nucciotti, M. Pavan, G Pessina, S Pirro, E Previtali, M. Sisti, L Torres, L Zanotti, R. Ardito, G. Maier, E. Guardincerri, P Ottonello, M Pallavicini, D.R. Artusa, F. T. Avignone Iii, I. Bandac, R.J. Creswick, H.A. Farach, C. Rosenfeld, S Cebrian, P. Gorla, Ig Irastorza, F Bellini, C Cosmelli, I Dafinei, M Diemoz, F Ferroni, C Gargiulo, E Longo, S Morganti Dec 2006

Cuore: An Experiment To Investigate For Neutrinoless Double Beta Decay By Cooling 750 Kg Of Teo2 Crystals At 10 Mk, J. Beeman, M. Dolinski, T.D. Gutierrez, E.E. Haller, R. Maruyama, A.R. Smith, N. Xu, A. Giuliani, M. Pedretti, S. Sangiorgio, M. Barucci, E. Olivieri, L. Risegari, G. Ventura, M Balata, C. Bucci, S. Nisi, E. Palmieri, A. De Waard, E.B. Norman, C. Arnaboldi, C. Brofferio, S. Capelli, F. Capozzi, L. Carbone, M. Clemenza, O Cremonesi, E. Fiorini, C Nones, A. Nucciotti, M. Pavan, G Pessina, S Pirro, E Previtali, M. Sisti, L Torres, L Zanotti, R. Ardito, G. Maier, E. Guardincerri, P Ottonello, M Pallavicini, D.R. Artusa, F. T. Avignone Iii, I. Bandac, R.J. Creswick, H.A. Farach, C. Rosenfeld, S Cebrian, P. Gorla, Ig Irastorza, F Bellini, C Cosmelli, I Dafinei, M Diemoz, F Ferroni, C Gargiulo, E Longo, S Morganti

Physics

CUORE (Cryogenic Underground Observatory for Rare Events) is an experiment proposed to infer the effective Majorana mass of the electron neutrino from measurements on neutrinoless double beta decay (0νDBD). The goal of CUORE is to achieve a background rate in the range 0.001 to 0.01 counts/keV/kg/y at the 0νDBD transition energy of 130Te (2528 keV). The proposed experiment, to be mounted in the underground Gran Sasso INFN National Laboratory, Italy, is realized by cooling about 1000 TeO2 bolometers, of 750 g each, at a temperature of 10mK. We will describe the experiment, to ...


New Cuoricino Results And Status Of Cuore, O. Cremonesi, R. Ardito, C. Arnaboldi, D.R. Artusa, F.T. Avignone Iii, M. Balata, I. Bandac, M. Barucci, J.W. Beeman, F. Bellini, C. Brofferio, C. Bucci, S. Capelli, F. Capozzi, L. Carbone, S. Cebrian, M. Clemenza, C. Cosmelli, R.J. Creswick, I. Dafinei, A. De Waard, M. Dolinski, H.A. Farach, F. Ferroni, C. Gargiulo, E. Guardincerri, A. Giuliani, P. Gorla, Thomas D. Gutierrez, E.E. Haller, I.G. Irastorza, E. Longo, G. Maier, R. Maruyama, S. Morganti, S. Nisi, C. Nones, E.B. Norman, A. Nucciotti, E. Olivieri, P. Ottonello, M. Pallavicini, E. Palmieri, M. Pavan, M. Pedretti, G. Pessina, S. Pirro, E. Previtali, B. Quiter, L. Risegari, C. Rosenfeld, S. Sangiorgio, M. Sisti, A.R. Smith, L. Torres, G. Ventura, N. Xu, L. Zanotti Dec 2006

New Cuoricino Results And Status Of Cuore, O. Cremonesi, R. Ardito, C. Arnaboldi, D.R. Artusa, F.T. Avignone Iii, M. Balata, I. Bandac, M. Barucci, J.W. Beeman, F. Bellini, C. Brofferio, C. Bucci, S. Capelli, F. Capozzi, L. Carbone, S. Cebrian, M. Clemenza, C. Cosmelli, R.J. Creswick, I. Dafinei, A. De Waard, M. Dolinski, H.A. Farach, F. Ferroni, C. Gargiulo, E. Guardincerri, A. Giuliani, P. Gorla, Thomas D. Gutierrez, E.E. Haller, I.G. Irastorza, E. Longo, G. Maier, R. Maruyama, S. Morganti, S. Nisi, C. Nones, E.B. Norman, A. Nucciotti, E. Olivieri, P. Ottonello, M. Pallavicini, E. Palmieri, M. Pavan, M. Pedretti, G. Pessina, S. Pirro, E. Previtali, B. Quiter, L. Risegari, C. Rosenfeld, S. Sangiorgio, M. Sisti, A.R. Smith, L. Torres, G. Ventura, N. Xu, L. Zanotti

Physics

CUORICINO is an array of 62 TeO2 bolometers with a total mass of 40.7 kg (11.2 kg of 130Te), operated at about 10 mK to search for ββ(0ν) of 130Te. The detectors are organized as a 14-story tower and intended as a slightly modified version of one of the 19 towers of the CUORE project, a proposed tightly packed array of 988 TeO2 bolometers (741 kg of total mass of TeO2) for ultralow-background searches on neutrinoless double-beta decay, cold dark matter, solar axions, and rare nuclear decays. Started in April 2003 ...