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Micron-Level Actuator For Thermal-Fluid Control In Microchannels, Nurhak Erbas Jul 2006

Micron-Level Actuator For Thermal-Fluid Control In Microchannels, Nurhak Erbas

Mechanical & Aerospace Engineering Theses & Dissertations

Effectiveness of an actuator is investigated for thermal-flow control in microchannels. First, simulations of a single actuator in a quiescent external medium are performed in order to study the parameters characterizing the synthetic jet flow from the actuator. For this purpose, a simplified, two-dimensional configuration is considered. The membrane motion is modeled in a realistic manner as a moving boundary in order to accurately compute the flow inside the actuator cavity. The geometric and actuation parameters of the actuator are investigated to define the effectiveness of the jet flow. The study is done initially at macro scales. Then, the flow ...


Analysis Of Viscous Drag Reduction And Thermal Transport Effects For Microengineered Ultrahydrophobic Surfaces, Jason W. Davies Mar 2006

Analysis Of Viscous Drag Reduction And Thermal Transport Effects For Microengineered Ultrahydrophobic Surfaces, Jason W. Davies

Theses and Dissertations

One approach recently proposed for reducing the frictional resistance to liquid flow in microchannels is the patterning of micro-ribs and cavities on the channel walls. When treated with a hydrophobic coating, the liquid flowing in the microchannel wets only the top surfaces of the ribs, and does not penetrate into the cavities, provided the pressure is not too high. The net result is a reduction in the surface contact area between channel walls and the flowing liquid. For micro-ribs and cavities that are aligned normal to the channel axis (principal flow direction), these micropatterns form a repeating, periodic structure. This ...


Two-Phase Flow In High Aspect Ratio, Polymer Microchannels For Reagent Delivery Applications, Estelle Evans Jan 2006

Two-Phase Flow In High Aspect Ratio, Polymer Microchannels For Reagent Delivery Applications, Estelle Evans

LSU Master's Theses

Multiphase flow in microfluidics is an increasingly growing field, especially in biotechnology. For instance, a steady-state slug flow would benefit lab-on-a-chip drug delivery methods. This flow would not only use minute amounts of reagents, but it would also decrease the sample processing time. Thus, researching a steady-state plug flow in a microchannel is beneficial to the drug delivery field. Five PMMA, directly-milled microchannels [2: Aspect Ratio 1 (with and without pressure ports, 2): Aspect ratio 2 (with and without pressure ports), and 1: Aspect Ratio 3 (without pressure ports)] were manufactured. These channels were then cleaned, and a PMMA cover ...