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2006

Environmental Sciences

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Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • Volunteer database increased 8% over last quarter. Database now contains 2,923 records.
  • Website activity increased, recording an average of 51,568 hits per month, with an average of 4,985 pages viewed per month (12.4% increase in pages viewed).
  • Team charter approved and signed by federal managers and IVP team.
  • Volunteer orientation and training in 11 subject areas delivered to 80 volunteers.
  • Recognition Banquet and Awards Ceremony recognized 180 volunteers.
  • Volunteer event list revised for 2007.


Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Interagency Science and Research Strategy

  • Completed draft review and analysis of 6 interagency and 2 single-agency science strategies.
  • Developed an outline for a Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Science Strategy based upon these reviews.
  • Initiated a beta-test of a science proposal review process.


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Vegetation Monitoring

Executive Summary

  • Two new Weed Sentry research assistants were hired.
  • Weed Sentry staff surveyed for exotic species on 89 miles of roads on NPS and BLM land and treated more than 21,000 exotic plants in incipient populations.
  • A grid-based rare plant monitoring method was tested this quarter.
  • A manuscript detailing vegetation succession on a water pipeline at Lake Mead NRA was submitted for review to the journal Crossosoma.
  • New integrative projects undertaken this quarter included establishing a competition study between a native grass and the exotic Sahara mustard, salvaging plants for research purposes from private sites with permission from ...


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Wildlife Monitoring

  • Research assistant hired for Relict Leopard Frog conservation project.
  • High school minority intern hired to assist with research efforts.
  • Nocturnal visual encounter surveys for Relict Leopard Frogs conducted at all established natural sites and at 6 of 7 translocation sites.
  • Vegetation management conducted to decrease tamarisk cover along the stream at the Pupfish Refuge Spring – a Relict Leopard Frog translocation site.
  • New draft guidelines and field count protocols developed for midwinter bald eagle count.
  • Preliminary analysis and modeling of thrasher habitat selection conducted and sampling assessed
  • Call-broadcast surveys for thrasher species conducted at 43 points countywide, focusing on vegetation assemblages ...


Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Anti-littering Programs

• Don’t Trash Nevada roll-out event held on October 12, 2006.

• Program website launched.

• 74 people have taken the on-line anti-litter and dumping pledge.

• Public-private partnership with Republic Services of Southern Nevada generated $11,917.97 in donations to Don’t Trash Nevada.

• Conducted 3 volunteer and 1 alternative workforce clean-ups this quarter.

• Fulfilled deliverable of 12 clean-ups for 2006 (9 volunteer / 3 alternative workforce).

• 16 volunteer clean-ups scheduled for 2007. • Two tons of agency-generated paper recycled this quarter, saving 14,000 gallons of water, 34 trees, and almost 8 cubic yards of landfill space.

• Phase I judicial analysis draft ...


Factors Contributing To Dust Emissions In Clark County, Nevada Annual Performance Report: Period Ending December 29, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Factors Contributing To Dust Emissions In Clark County, Nevada Annual Performance Report: Period Ending December 29, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Dust Emissions from Public Lands

  1. A comparison of actual accomplishments with the goals and objectives established for the period, the findings of the investigator, or both. Whenever appropriate and the output of programs and projects can be readily quantified, such quantitative data should be related to cost data for computation of unit costs.
  • University of Nevada, Public Lands Institute has met the requirement of section III.A.1 of Task Agreement FAA010017 to recruit and hire a postdoctoral scholar (or equivalent position) with research expertise in dust management issues. Dr. Dirk Goossens has extensive and specific experience in dust emissions research and will begin work ...


How Should Global Society Address Climate Change? - The Kyoto Protocol And Its Future, Takeshi Hamada Dec 2006

How Should Global Society Address Climate Change? - The Kyoto Protocol And Its Future, Takeshi Hamada

Master of Environmental Studies Capstone Projects

This research paper explores how global society should address climate change, focusing on the Kyoto Protocol and its future.
In the introduction, the paper presents three challenges that we face in addressing climate change; uncertainty, trade-off between environment and economy, and political conflict. The paper tries to work out how to address climate change with these three challenges in mind.


Final Technical Report: Integrated Restoration Strategies Towards Weed Control On Western Rangelands, Robert Nowak Dec 2006

Final Technical Report: Integrated Restoration Strategies Towards Weed Control On Western Rangelands, Robert Nowak

All U.S. Government Documents (Utah Regional Depository)

Invasive species are having severe ecological (Mack et al. 2000) and economic (Pimentel et al. 2005) impacts on ecosystems around the world. Invasive species can alter many ecosystem processes (Crooks 2002, Walker & Smith 1997) including: water and nutrient availability, such as form and amount of N if the soil (Evans et al. 2001, Sperry et al. 2006); primary productivity, through shifts in growth rates or efficiency of resource use; disturbance regimes, including the type, frequency, and severity of disturbances such as fire (D’Antonio 2002); and community dynamics, such as species replacements (Alvarez & Cushman 2002). The economic losses and damages by invasive plants are estimated to be ~$34 billion in the US and ~$95 billion worldwide (Pimental et al. 2005). Although trade and human migrations ...


Water Quality Project: Mashpee River Study Dec 2006

Water Quality Project: Mashpee River Study

Watershed Access Lab Projects

Students from Mashpee High School have been studying water quality of local rivers for a number of years. In the past, the primary focus was on two rivers that flow through the town: the Quashnet River, and Quaker Run. This school year (2006-07) the Mashpee River was added as the third watershed of interest. Each of three Earth Science classes adopted and studied one of the rivers. Students sampled each stream at headwaters and lower reaches for: macroinvertebrates, water chemistry (temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrates, and turbidity) and stream flow (velocity and volume). Data were analyzed, and PowerPoint presentations were ...


Quashnet River Survey Dec 2006

Quashnet River Survey

Watershed Access Lab Projects

Students from Mashpee High School have been studying water quality of local rivers for a number of years. In the past, the primary focus was on two rivers that flow through the town: the Quashnet River, and Quaker Run. This school year (2006-07) the Mashpee River was added as the third watershed of interest. Each of three Earth Science classes adopted and studied one of the rivers. Students sampled each stream at headwaters and lower reaches for: macroinvertebrates, water chemistry (temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrates, and turbidity) and stream flow (velocity and volume). Data were analyzed, and PowerPoint presentations were ...


Following Fall Brook Dec 2006

Following Fall Brook

Watershed Access Lab Projects

This was a study of two sites along Fall Brook, located in Middleborough, MA. Fall Brook has been monitored by MHS students over the past 10 years and is a major tributary of the Taunton River Watershed. The purpose of the study completed this year was to determine how land use affects the nitrate and phosphate levels of Fall Brook. The Wareham Street Site is located next to a horse farm and downstream from several cranberry bogs in a heavily wooded area. The Wood Street Site is located in conservation land, downstream from the Wareham Street Site and has a ...


Water Quality Results From Indian Head River, Hanover, Ma Dec 2006

Water Quality Results From Indian Head River, Hanover, Ma

Watershed Access Lab Projects

No abstract provided.


Quaker Run Watershed Analysis Dec 2006

Quaker Run Watershed Analysis

Watershed Access Lab Projects

Students from Mashpee High School have been studying water quality of local rivers for a number of years. In the past, the primary focus was on two rivers that flow through the town: the Quashnet River, and Quaker Run. This school year (2006-07) the Mashpee River was added as the third watershed of interest. Each of three Earth Science classes adopted and studied one of the rivers. Students sampled each stream at headwaters and lower reaches for: macroinvertebrates, water chemistry (temperature, pH, dissolved oxygen, nitrates, and turbidity) and stream flow (velocity and volume). Data were analyzed, and PowerPoint presentations were ...


Interview With Ron Hays, Eagle Creek Natural Building, 2006 (Audio), Ron Hays Dec 2006

Interview With Ron Hays, Eagle Creek Natural Building, 2006 (Audio), Ron Hays

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Ron Hays by Joe Arbow at SE Portland, Oregon on December 8th, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Fate Of Fish Production In A Seasonally Flooded Saltmarsh, Philip W. Stevens, Clay L. Montague, Kenneth J. Sulak Dec 2006

Fate Of Fish Production In A Seasonally Flooded Saltmarsh, Philip W. Stevens, Clay L. Montague, Kenneth J. Sulak

USGS Staff -- Published Research

Although saltmarshes are thought to enhance the productivity of open estuarine water, the mechanism by which energy transfer occurs has been debated for decades. One possible mechanism is the transfer of saltmarsh production to estuarine waters by vagile fishes and invertebrates. Monthly estimates of fish standing stock, net fish ingress, and predation were used to develop a bio-mass budget to estimates annual production of fishes and the relative yield to predatory fish, birds, and direct migration to the estuary. Annual production of saltmarsh fishes was estimated to 31.0 gm-2 saltmarsh, which falls within the range of previously reported ...


College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2006, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas Dec 2006

College Of Engineering Senior Design Competition Fall 2006, University Of Nevada, Las Vegas

Senior Projects (COE)

Part of every UNLV engineering student’s academic experience, the senior design project stimulates engineering innovation and entrepreneurship. Each student in their senior year chooses, plans, designs and prototypes a product in this required element of the curriculum. A capstone to the student’s educational career, the senior design project encourages the student to use everything learned in the engineering program to create a practical, real world solution to an engineering challenge.

The senior design competition helps to focus the senior students in increasing the quality and potential for commercial application for their design projects. Judges from local industry evaluate ...


Collisions Of Red-Tailed Hawks (Buteo Jamaicensis), Turkey Vultures (Cathartes Aura), And Black Vultures (Coragyps Atratus) With Aircraft: Implications For Bird Strike Reduction, Bradley F. Blackwell, Sandra E. Wright Dec 2006

Collisions Of Red-Tailed Hawks (Buteo Jamaicensis), Turkey Vultures (Cathartes Aura), And Black Vultures (Coragyps Atratus) With Aircraft: Implications For Bird Strike Reduction, Bradley F. Blackwell, Sandra E. Wright

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

From 1990 through 2003, 52,493 wildlife collisions with aircraft were reported to the U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA); 97% of these incidents involved birds. The approximate cost to the civil aviation industry in the U.S.A. due to collisions of birds with aircraft (hereafter referred to as bird strikes) was $163.51 million in direct monetary losses and associated costs for the 14 year period (Cleary et al. 2004). Strikes with raptors (Falconidae and Accipitridae; including vultures, Cathartidae)accounted for approximately 28% of reported aircraft down time resulting from known-species bird strikes (known species =182942 hr; total ...


Interview With Steven Edward Koch, Koch Landscape Architecture, 2006, Steven Edward Koch Dec 2006

Interview With Steven Edward Koch, Koch Landscape Architecture, 2006, Steven Edward Koch

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Steven Edward Koch by Robyn Russnogle on December 4th, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Interview With Dan Lajoie, Departure: Architecture Planning, 2006 (Audio), Dan Lajoie Dec 2006

Interview With Dan Lajoie, Departure: Architecture Planning, 2006 (Audio), Dan Lajoie

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Dan Lajoie by Tirsa Firncrook in SE Portland, Oregon on December 4th, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Fragmentation And Loss: A Gis View Of The Mojave Desert Tortoise Habitat, Linda J. Wallers Dec 2006

Fragmentation And Loss: A Gis View Of The Mojave Desert Tortoise Habitat, Linda J. Wallers

MS GIS Program Major Individual Projects

Landscapes are ever changing or being changed by natural forces or by human activities. The changes, over time, frequently result in more complex and fragmented landscape structures. Much of the fragmentation is due to human activities, primarily roads. Landscape indices, tools that identify and quantify landscape structure, provide statistical analysis of how the landscape is fragmented by roads and what, if any, habitat loss resulting from road-avoidance behavior might be present. The interpretation of the landscape indices can give scientists clues to where limited resources can be directed to preserve the habitat.

The desert tortoise habitat was chosen as the ...


Spatial Grain Size Sorting In Eolian Ripples And Estimation Of Wind Conditions On Planetary Surfaces: Application To Meridiani Planum, Mars, Douglas J. Jerolmack, David Mohrig, John P. Grotzinger, David A. Fike, Wesley A. Watters Dec 2006

Spatial Grain Size Sorting In Eolian Ripples And Estimation Of Wind Conditions On Planetary Surfaces: Application To Meridiani Planum, Mars, Douglas J. Jerolmack, David Mohrig, John P. Grotzinger, David A. Fike, Wesley A. Watters

Departmental Papers (EES)

The landscape seen by the Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Opportunity at Meridiani Planum is dominated by eolian (wind-blown) ripples with concentrated surface lags of hematitic spherules and fragments. These ripples exhibit profound spatial grain size sorting, with well-sorted coarse-grained crests and poorly sorted, generally finer-grained troughs. These ripples were the most common bed form encountered by Opportunity in its traverse from Eagle Crater to Endurance Crater. Field measurements from White Sands National Monument, New Mexico, show that such coarse-grained ripples form by the different transport modes of coarse- and fine-grain fractions. On the basis of our field study, and simple ...


What Does Height Really Mean? Part Iv: Gps Orthometric Heighting, Thomas H. Meyer, Daniel R. Roman, David B. Zilkoski Dec 2006

What Does Height Really Mean? Part Iv: Gps Orthometric Heighting, Thomas H. Meyer, Daniel R. Roman, David B. Zilkoski

Department of Natural Resources and the Environment Articles

This is the final paper in a four-part series examining the fundamental question, “What does the word height really mean?” The creation of this series was motivated by the National Geodetic Survey’s (NGS) embarking on a height modernization program as a result of which NGS will publish measured ellipsoid heights and computed Helmert orthometric heights for vertical bench marks. Practicing surveyors will therefore encounter Helmert orthometric heights computed from Global Positioning System (GPS) ellipsoid heights and geoid heights determined from geoid models as their published vertical control coordinate, rather than adjusted orthometric heights determined by spirit leveling. It is ...


The Distribution And Reproductive Success Of The Western Snowy Plover Along The Oregon Coast - 2006, David J. Lauten, Kathleen J. Castelein, Susan Weston, Krista Eucken, Eleanor P. Gaines Dec 2006

The Distribution And Reproductive Success Of The Western Snowy Plover Along The Oregon Coast - 2006, David J. Lauten, Kathleen J. Castelein, Susan Weston, Krista Eucken, Eleanor P. Gaines

Institute for Natural Resources Publications

Part of the Oregon Bidiversity Information Center Report


Grassland Songbirds In A Dynamic Management Landscape: Behavioral Responses And Management Strategies, Noah G. Perlut, Allan M. Strong, Therese M. Donovan, Neil J. Buckley Dec 2006

Grassland Songbirds In A Dynamic Management Landscape: Behavioral Responses And Management Strategies, Noah G. Perlut, Allan M. Strong, Therese M. Donovan, Neil J. Buckley

Environmental Studies Faculty Publications

In recent decades, earlier and more frequent harvests of agricultural grasslands have been implicated as a major cause of population declines in grassland songbirds. From 2002 to 2005, in the Champlain Valley of Vermont and New York, USA, we studied the reproductive success of Savannah Sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis) and Bobolinks (Dolichonyx oryzivorus) on four grassland treatments: (1) early-hayed fields cut before 11 June and again in early- to mid-July; (2) middle-hayed fields cut once between 21 June and 10 July; (3) late-hayed fields cut after 1 August; and (4) rotationally grazed pastures. Both the number of fledglings per female per ...


Interview With Greg Sawyer, Providence Builders, 2006 (Audio), Greg Sawyer Dec 2006

Interview With Greg Sawyer, Providence Builders, 2006 (Audio), Greg Sawyer

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Greg Sawyer by Amy Evangelista in NE Portland, Oregon on December 1st, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Interview With Carol Mayer-Reed, Mayer/Reed, 2006 (Audio), Carol Mayer-Reed Dec 2006

Interview With Carol Mayer-Reed, Mayer/Reed, 2006 (Audio), Carol Mayer-Reed

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Carol Mayer-Reed by Robyn Russnogle at on December 1st, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Interview With Yianni Doulis, Yianni Doulis Architecture, 2006 (Audio), Yianni Doulis Dec 2006

Interview With Yianni Doulis, Yianni Doulis Architecture, 2006 (Audio), Yianni Doulis

All Sustainability History Project Oral Histories

Interview of Yianni Doulis by Daniel Woodward in NW Portland, Oregon on December 1st, 2006.

The interview index is available for download.


Mems Mobile Gis: A Spatially Enabled Fish Habitat Management System, Andrea Rizzini, Keith Gardiner, Michela Bertolotto, James Carswell Dec 2006

Mems Mobile Gis: A Spatially Enabled Fish Habitat Management System, Andrea Rizzini, Keith Gardiner, Michela Bertolotto, James Carswell

Conference papers

Spatially enabled computing can provide assistance to both web-based and mobile users by exploiting positional information and associated contextual knowledge. The Mobile Environmental Management System (MEMS) is a proof of concept prototype that has been developed in order to simplify administrative duties of biologists at the Department of Fisheries and Oceans (DFO), Canada. MEMS aims to deliver contextaware functionality aided by visualization, analysis and manipulation of spatial and attribute datasets. The resulting application delivers a set of functions and services that aids the DFO’s biologists in making everyday management decisions


Nesting Success Of Grassland And Savanna Birds On Reclaimed Surface Coal Mines Of The Midwestern United States, Edward W. Galligan, Travis L. Devault, Steven L. Lima Dec 2006

Nesting Success Of Grassland And Savanna Birds On Reclaimed Surface Coal Mines Of The Midwestern United States, Edward W. Galligan, Travis L. Devault, Steven L. Lima

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

Reclaimed surface coal mines in southwestern Indiana support many grassland and shrub/ savanna bird species of conservation concern. We examined the nesting success of birds on these reclaimed mines to assess whether such ‘‘unnatural’’ places represent productive breeding habitats for such species. We established eight study sites on two large, grassland-dominated mines in southwestern Indiana and classified them into three categories (open grassland, shrub/savanna, and a mixture of grassland and shrub/savanna) based on broad vegetation and landscape characteristics. During the 1999 and 2000 breeding seasons, we found and monitored 911 nests of 31 species. Daily nest survival for ...


Raccoon Predation As A Potential Limiting Factor In The Success Of The Green Iguana In Southern Florida, Henry T. Smith, Walter E. Meshaka Jr., Richard M. Engeman, Steven M. Crossett, Mark E. Foley, Gary Bush Dec 2006

Raccoon Predation As A Potential Limiting Factor In The Success Of The Green Iguana In Southern Florida, Henry T. Smith, Walter E. Meshaka Jr., Richard M. Engeman, Steven M. Crossett, Mark E. Foley, Gary Bush

USDA National Wildlife Research Center - Staff Publications

The Green Iguana, Iguana iguana, is a well established, large-bodied, exotic species in Florida (Meshaka et al. 2004a. The Exotic Amphibians and Reptiles of Florida, Krieger Publishing Company, Malabar, Florida. 155 pp.; Meshaka et al. 2004b. Iguana 11:154-161). Limiting factors of populations and causes of Green Iguana mortality in Florida are poorly understood and the only documented predators are the domestic dog (Canus familiaris) (Meshaka et al. 2004a), Yellow-crowned Night-heron (Nyctanassa violacea) (Engeman et al. 2005. Herpetol. Rev. 36:320), Florida Burrowing Owl (Athene cunicularia floridana) (McKie et al. 2005. Florida Field Nat. 33:125-127), and an unidentified species ...