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Assessing Industrial Contamination Of Brockport Creek After Removal Of Contaminated Sediment, Marc A. Chalupnicki Dec 2006

Assessing Industrial Contamination Of Brockport Creek After Removal Of Contaminated Sediment, Marc A. Chalupnicki

Environmental Science and Ecology Theses

This project assessed the condition of Brockport Creek and a tributary following removal of contaminated sediment from the tributary in 2002. Before the cleanup, PCB concentrations in sediments ranged from 1, 730 to 34,900 µg/kg; after the cleanup they ranged from 288 to 432 µg/kg, below water quality criteria for aquatic organisms and human health. The number of heavy metals detected in sediments after the cleanup decreased from 22 to eight, and their concentrations also decreased. After the cleanup, concentrations of metals ranged from 0.8 to 172 µg/kg; some values were above water quality criteria ...


Developing A Cooperative Monitoring Strategy For Lake Ontario: 2008 Intensive Year And Long-Term Sampling Design, International Joint Commission Council Of Great Lakes Research Managers Oct 2006

Developing A Cooperative Monitoring Strategy For Lake Ontario: 2008 Intensive Year And Long-Term Sampling Design, International Joint Commission Council Of Great Lakes Research Managers

Technical Reports

Physical, chemical, and biological stressors have caused profound changes in the Lake Ontario ecosystem and its fish community during the last three decades. In the offshore, cultural eutrophication has been reversed and water quality has improved, but the resulting oligotrophication coupled with invasive species impacts has lowered the carrying capacity of offshore fisheries. Cultural eutrophication remains a problem in the coastal zone possibly exacerbated by altered nutrient cycling related to invasive species. Lake Ontario will likely experience additional ecosystem stress from invasive species, habitat alteration, new contaminants and increasing human populations, particularly in the western basin.

These on-going disruptions in ...


Analysis Of The Existing Water Quality Database For The Sandy Creek And South Sandy Creek Watersheds – 1997 To 2005, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Theodore W. Lewis Oct 2006

Analysis Of The Existing Water Quality Database For The Sandy Creek And South Sandy Creek Watersheds – 1997 To 2005, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Theodore W. Lewis

Technical Reports

Runoff from agricultural lands containing soil and nutrients poses a known threat to the water quality of embayments and coastal regions of Lake Ontario (Makarewicz 2000). The Lakeview Marsh State Wildlife Management Area in Jefferson County, NY is a prime example of these types of ecologically valuable coastal wetland and embayment habitats. This embayment / wetland complex is fed by the watersheds of Sandy Creek and South Sandy Creek. The mouths of these creeks contain globally rare freshwater dunes, diverse wetlands and several types of globally rare vegetation. Sandy Creek also provides an emergency unfiltered drinking water supply for the Village ...


Nutrient And Soil Losses From The Eighteenmile Creek Watershed, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Theodore W. Lewis, Daniel J. White, Mark Seider, Victor Digiacomo Aug 2006

Nutrient And Soil Losses From The Eighteenmile Creek Watershed, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Theodore W. Lewis, Daniel J. White, Mark Seider, Victor Digiacomo

Technical Reports

Determination of sources and magnitude of soil and nutrient losses from a watershed is prerequisite to remedial action and essential to making cost-effective land management decisions as it reduces the likelihood of costly miscalculations based on the assumption of soil and nutrient sources and modeling rather than their actual identification. This process enhances the ability of concerned groups to obtain external funding for demonstration and remedial projects. In July 2003, the Niagara County Soil & Water Conservation District (NCSWCD), in conjunction with the Department of Environmental Sciences and Biology at SUNY Brockport, began a monitoring program for Eighteenmile Creek, located in ...


Mink Of The Rochester Embayment Of Lake Ontario: Population Monitoring; Age, Size, And Stable Isotope Analysis; And A Predictive Model For Bioaccumulation Of Chemicals Of Concern, Sara Tucker Wellman May 2006

Mink Of The Rochester Embayment Of Lake Ontario: Population Monitoring; Age, Size, And Stable Isotope Analysis; And A Predictive Model For Bioaccumulation Of Chemicals Of Concern, Sara Tucker Wellman

Environmental Science and Ecology Theses

My studies were part of a project to determine whether mink populations are negatively impacted by pollution in Lake Ontario, especially in the Rochester Embayment Area of Concern (AOC). My first study used video traps to monitor mink activity as a surrogate for mink abundance, with video traps placed in four regions: AOC: In/Inland, AOC: In/Lakeshore, AOC: Out/Inland, and AOC: Out/Lakeshore. My MustelaVision data tentatively suggest that there may be differences in abundances in mink populations inside and outside the AOC, and between the lakeshore and inland areas, but my analysis was unable to assign significance ...


The Impact Of Nutrient Loading From Canada Geese (Branta Canadensis) On Water Quality, A Mesocosm Approach, Robert Unckless Apr 2006

The Impact Of Nutrient Loading From Canada Geese (Branta Canadensis) On Water Quality, A Mesocosm Approach, Robert Unckless

Environmental Science and Ecology Theses

We conducted a mesocosm experiment to determine the impact of Canada Goose (Branta cana.densis) feces on water quality parameters. After 30 days of fecal additions (treatments of 2.419 g, 1.209 g and 12.090 g every 3 d) we found no significant impact on soluble reactive phosphorus, total phosphorus, ammonia, nitrate, total Kjeldahl nitrogen, chlorophyll-a, phycocyanin or turbidity for any of the treatment groups versus the control (no fecal addition). Nitrogen to phosphorus ratios were not affected by the fecal additions. Although there was no significant increase in chlorophyll-a concentration or phytoplankton biovolume, there was an increase ...


The Impact Of Stream Nutrient Loading On Macrophytes And Metaphyton In Conesus Lake, Usa, Peter E. D’Aiuto, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Isidro Bosch Feb 2006

The Impact Of Stream Nutrient Loading On Macrophytes And Metaphyton In Conesus Lake, Usa, Peter E. D’Aiuto, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Isidro Bosch

Articles and Newsletters

During the summers of 2000, 2001 and 2002, the littoral zone of Conesus Lake (40°54'N, 77°43'W) supported massive blooms of metaphyton, mostly filamentous green algae (Zygnema sp. and Spirogyra sp.). Extensive agricultural activity (60–80% of the land use) within the lake’s western subwatersheds is responsible for the loading of large quantities of nitrate (up to 1800 g/ha/day) and total phosphorus (up to 34 g/ha/day) into the lake during precipitation events (MAKAREWICZ et al. 2001). Large assemblages of M. spicatum and accompanying metaphyton growth were often located near stream mouths (Fig ...


Cloning And Sequencing Of A Partial Cypla Gene In Creek Chub (Semotilus A/Romaculatus): The First Step In The Development Of A Biomarker Of Exposure To Ahr Ligand, Timothy P. Lincoln Feb 2006

Cloning And Sequencing Of A Partial Cypla Gene In Creek Chub (Semotilus A/Romaculatus): The First Step In The Development Of A Biomarker Of Exposure To Ahr Ligand, Timothy P. Lincoln

Environmental Science and Ecology Theses

Biomarkers are powerful tools that allow scientists to assess exposure of biota to environmental chemicals. In studying the hazardous waste site surrounding the former 3M/Dynacolor plant in Brockport, NY, a biomarker capable of assessing combined exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was needed. These compounds, along with polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), mediate toxicity through the arylhydrocarbon receptor, resulting in carcinogenicity and endocrine disruption with obvious human health and environmental risks. The goal of my study was to develop a biomarker of exposure that would allow for the evaluation of the combined exposure ...


A Multi-Scale Analysis Of Grassland Bird Habitat Relationships In The St. Lawrence River Valley, Sarah A. Lazazzero Jan 2006

A Multi-Scale Analysis Of Grassland Bird Habitat Relationships In The St. Lawrence River Valley, Sarah A. Lazazzero

Environmental Science and Ecology Theses

I used a combination of 10 vegetation variables and 10 landscape variables to model abundance and occurrence of six grassland bird species in agricultural grassland (n=55) throughout Jefferson County, NY during the 2004 and 2005 field seasons. Landscape composition was quantified by classifying the proportion of land use within a 1 km radius from the center of all survey fields. Land use classification was based on 2003 aerial photo interpretation. Bobolinks (Dolichonyx oryzivorous) and Savannah Sparrows (Passerculus sandwichensis) were the most abundant species, followed by Grasshopper Sparrows (Ammodramus savannarwn), Eastern Meadowlarks (Sturnella magna), Upland Sandpipers, (Bartramia longicauda) and Henslow ...


Rock Bass Learn To Associate Food With A Visual Cue And Remember The Association When Food Is Absent, Sarah Wasson Halbrend, Sarah Davidson Hile, James M. Haynes, Brian R. Roosa Jan 2006

Rock Bass Learn To Associate Food With A Visual Cue And Remember The Association When Food Is Absent, Sarah Wasson Halbrend, Sarah Davidson Hile, James M. Haynes, Brian R. Roosa

Technical Reports

We explored the foraging ability of rock bass (Ambloplites rupestris) by testing three hypotheses consistent with the predictions of optimal foraging theory: 1) fish can learn to associate food with a visual cue; 2) trained fish will go to a visual cue faster than untrained fish; and 3) over time, without the reinforcement of food, trained fish will exhibit a diminished response to a visual cue. Our results supported each hypothesis. During the first 96 h of testing, 88 to 100% of trained fish went to the visual cue first; 50% of the trained fish went to the visual cue ...


Fish And Coral Community Structure Are Related On Shallow Water Patch Reefs Near San Salvador, Bahamas, Ryan P. Walter, James M. Haynes Jan 2006

Fish And Coral Community Structure Are Related On Shallow Water Patch Reefs Near San Salvador, Bahamas, Ryan P. Walter, James M. Haynes

Environmental Science and Ecology Faculty Publications

We measured abundance and diversity of fishes and corals at three patch reef complexes near San Salvador, Bahamas, and examined relationships among species and ecological measures of fish and coral community structure. Generalized Discriminant Analyses indicated which ecological variables distinguished reefs and which fish and coral species accounted for observed differences among reefs. Canonical Correlation Analysis revealed relationships between fish and coral species at each reef. Reefs with the greatest coral cover had the highest abundance and species richness of fishes. These results add to studies describing relationships between reef fishes and corals, and establish a benchmark for fish and ...


Agricultural Bmps In The Conesus Lake Watershed: Monitoring Impact, Joseph C. Makarewicz Jan 2006

Agricultural Bmps In The Conesus Lake Watershed: Monitoring Impact, Joseph C. Makarewicz

Articles and Newsletters

A goal of this project is to demonstrate the effectiveness of various agricultural management plans on steep-sloped highly erodable hydrologically sensitive farm lands to upstate farmers.


Starter P Project Provides A Win-Win, Eleanor Jacobs Jan 2006

Starter P Project Provides A Win-Win, Eleanor Jacobs

Articles and Newsletters

The New York Starter Phosphorus Project was initiated to evaluate and demonstrate the value of P starter application on soils testing high or very high in soil P. Cornell University’s Nutrient Management Spear Program (NMSP) faculty and staff, PRO-DAIRY staff and Cornell Cooperative Extension educators worked together to conduct 65 on-farm and 13 research station trials between 2001 and 2003. The project was funded by a NESARE research and education grant (LNE02-173) and contributions from New York State Natural Resources Conservation Service, Agway, Carovail, Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc., AgriCulver Seeds and the Northern New York Agricultural Development Program. Based ...


Modeling Wetland Plant Community Response To Assess Water-Level Regulation Scenarios In The Lake Ontario – St. Lawrence River Basin, Christiane Hudon, Douglas A. Wilcox, Joel Ingram Jan 2006

Modeling Wetland Plant Community Response To Assess Water-Level Regulation Scenarios In The Lake Ontario – St. Lawrence River Basin, Christiane Hudon, Douglas A. Wilcox, Joel Ingram

Environmental Science and Ecology Faculty Publications

The International Joint Commission has recently completed a five-year study (2000– 2005) to review the operation of structures controlling the flows and levels of the Lake Ontario – St. Lawrence River system. In addition to addressing the multitude of stakeholder interests, the regulation plan review also considers environmental sustainability and integrity of wetlands and various ecosystem components. The present paper outlines the general approach, scientific methodology and applied management considerations of studies quantifying the relationships between hydrology and wetland plant assemblages (% occurrence, surface area) in Lake Ontario and the Upper and Lower St. Lawrence River. Although similar study designs were used ...


The Occurrence Of Cyanotoxins In The Nearshore And Coastal Embayments Of Lake Ontario, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Gregory L. Boyer, William Guenther, Mary Arnold, Theodore W. Lewis Jan 2006

The Occurrence Of Cyanotoxins In The Nearshore And Coastal Embayments Of Lake Ontario, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Gregory L. Boyer, William Guenther, Mary Arnold, Theodore W. Lewis

Articles and Newsletters

Cyanotoxins are an emerging issue that Great Lakes’ scientists are conducting research on to determine occurrence, spatial and seasonal distribution, monitoring strategies and potential causes in Lake Ontario. Conditions necessary for blooms of Cyanobacteria exist along the shoreline of Lake Ontario. This is especially true in some embayments and rivers as levels of the nutrient phosphorus that stimulates the growth of Cyanobacteria is above New York State Department’s of Environmental Conservation guidelines. Monitoring in 2004 demonstrated that abundance of Cyanobacteria are indeed high in streams, embayments and the nearshore compared to offshore waters of southern Lake Ontario. Initial research ...


Lake Ontario Coastal Initiative Action Agenda, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Betsy Landre, Stephen Lewandowski, John Terninko, Elizabeth Thorndike Jan 2006

Lake Ontario Coastal Initiative Action Agenda, Joseph C. Makarewicz, Betsy Landre, Stephen Lewandowski, John Terninko, Elizabeth Thorndike

Technical Reports

The mission of the Lake Ontario Coastal Initiative (LOCI), encompassing all New York State North Coast stakeholders from the Niagara River to the St. Lawrence River, is to enlist and retain broad public commitment for remediation, restoration, protection, conservation and sustainable use of the coastal region. This mission will be accomplished by securing funds and resources to achieve scientific understanding, educate citizens, and implement locally supported priorities, programs and projects as identified through this Initiative.