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2006

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Left-Right Olfactory Asymmetry Results From Antagonistic Functions Of Voltage-Activated Calcium Channels And The Raw Repeat Protein Olrn-1 In C. Elegans, S L. Bauer Haung, Y Saheki, Miri Vanhoven, I Torayama, T Ishihara, I Katsura, A Van Der Linden, P Sengupta, C I. Bargmann Dec 2006

Left-Right Olfactory Asymmetry Results From Antagonistic Functions Of Voltage-Activated Calcium Channels And The Raw Repeat Protein Olrn-1 In C. Elegans, S L. Bauer Haung, Y Saheki, Miri Vanhoven, I Torayama, T Ishihara, I Katsura, A Van Der Linden, P Sengupta, C I. Bargmann

Miri VanHoven

The left and right AWC olfactory neurons in Caenorhabditis elegans differ in their functions and in their expression of chemosensory receptor genes; in each animal, one AWC randomly takes on one identity, designated AWCOFF, and the contralateral AWC becomes AWCON. Signaling between AWC neurons induces left-right asymmetry through a gap junction network and a claudin-related protein, which inhibit a calcium-regulated MAP kinase pathway in the neuron that becomes AWCON. Results We show here that the asymmetry gene olrn-1 acts downstream of the gap junction and claudin genes to inhibit the calcium-MAP kinase pathway in AWCON. OLRN-1, a protein with potential ...


Change In The Concentration Of Employment In Computer Services: Spatial Estimation At The U.S. Metro County Level, Donald Grimes, Mary Beth Walker, Penelope B. Prime Dec 2006

Change In The Concentration Of Employment In Computer Services: Spatial Estimation At The U.S. Metro County Level, Donald Grimes, Mary Beth Walker, Penelope B. Prime

International Business Faculty Publications

This paper models the concentration of computer services activity across theU.S.with factors that incorporate spatial relationships. Specifically, we enhance the standard home-area study with an analysis that allows conditions in neighboring counties to affect the concentration of employment in the home county. We use county-level data for metropolitan areas between 1990 and 1997. To measure change in employment concentration, we use the change in location quotients for SIC 737, which captures employment concentration changes due to both the number of firms and the scale of their activity relative to the national average. After controlling for local demand for ...


Normal?, Olivia Langenberg Dec 2006

Normal?, Olivia Langenberg

Sketch

No abstract provided.


Automated Algorithm For The Identification Of Artifacts In Mottled And Noisy Images, Onome Augustine Ugbeme, Eli S. Saber, Wencheng Wu, Kartheek Chandu Dec 2006

Automated Algorithm For The Identification Of Artifacts In Mottled And Noisy Images, Onome Augustine Ugbeme, Eli S. Saber, Wencheng Wu, Kartheek Chandu

Articles

We describe a method for automatically classifying image-quality defects on printed documents. The proposed approach accepts a scanned image where the defect has been localized a priori and performs several appropriate image processing steps to reveal the region of interest. A mask is then created from the exposed region to identify bright outliers. Morphological reconstruction techniques are then applied to emphasize relevant local attributes. The classification of the defects is accomplished via a customized tree classifier that utilizes size or shape attributes at corresponding nodes to yield appropriate binary decisions. Applications of this process include automated/assisted diagnosis and repair ...


Energy-Constrained Quality Optimization For Secure Image Transmission In Wireless Sensor Networks, Wei Wang, Dongming Peng, Honggang Wang, Hamid Sharif, Hsiao-Hwa Chen Dec 2006

Energy-Constrained Quality Optimization For Secure Image Transmission In Wireless Sensor Networks, Wei Wang, Dongming Peng, Honggang Wang, Hamid Sharif, Hsiao-Hwa Chen

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Resource allocation for multimedia selective encryption and energy efficient transmission has not been fully investigated in literature for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In this article, we propose a new cross-layer approach to optimize selectively encrypted image transmission quality in WSNs with strict energy constraint. A new selective image encryption approach favorable for unequal error protection (UEP) is proposed, which reduces encryption overhead considerably by controlling the structure of image bitstreams. Also, a novel cross-layer UEP scheme based on cipher-plain-text diversity is studied. In this UEP scheme, resources are unequally and optimally allocated in the encrypted bitstream structure, including data position ...


Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel Dec 2006

Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel

Library Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris Dec 2006

Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Background/Objective:

We present a 3-dimensional biomechanical model of the upper extremities to characterize joint dynamics during 2 patterns of Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait in children with myelomeningocele. The upper extremity model incorporates recommendations by the International Society of Biomechanics.

Methods:

A Vicon motion analysis system (14 cameras) captured the marker patterns. Instrumented crutches measured reaction forces. Five subjects with L3 or L4 level myelodysplasia (aged 9.8 ± 1.6 years) were analyzed during reciprocal and swing-through Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait.

Results:

The mean walking speed, cadence, and stride length were greatest during swing-through gait. Although the gait patterns had different morphologies ...


Differences Without Distinctions: Boyle's Government Contractor Defense Fails To Recognize The Critical Differences Between Civilian And Military Plaintiffs And Between Military And Non-Military Procurement, John L. Watts Dec 2006

Differences Without Distinctions: Boyle's Government Contractor Defense Fails To Recognize The Critical Differences Between Civilian And Military Plaintiffs And Between Military And Non-Military Procurement, John L. Watts

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Sentencing For The 'Crime Of Crimes': The Evolving 'Common Law' Of Sentencing Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Robert Sloane Dec 2006

Sentencing For The 'Crime Of Crimes': The Evolving 'Common Law' Of Sentencing Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Robert Sloane

Faculty Scholarship

Absent much prescriptive guidance in its Statute or other positive law, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has been developing, in effect, a 'common law' of sentencing for the most serious international crimes: genocide and crimes against humanity. While it remains, as the Appeals Chamber has said, premature to speak of an emerging 'penal regime', and the coherence in sentencing practice that this denotes, this comment offers some preliminary reflections on the substantive law and process of sentencing as it has evolved through ICTR practice. Above all, I argue, sentencing must, but has not yet, become an integral part ...


Legislating Racial Fairness In Criminal Justice, Olatunde C.A. Johnson Dec 2006

Legislating Racial Fairness In Criminal Justice, Olatunde C.A. Johnson

Faculty Scholarship

Twenty years ago, in McCleskey v. Kemp, the Supreme Court rejected a capital defendant's claim that statistical evidence of racial discrimination in the administration of Georgia's death penalty system constituted a violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Yet, even as McCleskey effectively bars constitutional challenges to racial disparities in the criminal justice system where invidious bias is difficult to establish, the Court invites advocates to pursue legislation as a remedy to racial disparities. Indeed, the McCleskey Court offers as a rationale for its ruling the judiciary's institutional incompetence to remedy these disparities, holding that "McCleskey's ...


Central Washington University Great Northwest Athletic Conference Series Histories, Central Washington University Athletics Dec 2006

Central Washington University Great Northwest Athletic Conference Series Histories, Central Washington University Athletics

CWU Athletic Hall of Fame

No abstract provided.


Vol. 12 Back Matter Dec 2006

Vol. 12 Back Matter

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Harvard Judaica: A History And Description Of The Judaica Collection In The Harvard College Library. Cambridge, Ma: Harvard College Library, 2004., Arthur Kiron Dec 2006

Harvard Judaica: A History And Description Of The Judaica Collection In The Harvard College Library. Cambridge, Ma: Harvard College Library, 2004., Arthur Kiron

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Vol. 12 Table Of Contents Dec 2006

Vol. 12 Table Of Contents

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Vol. 12 Front Matter Dec 2006

Vol. 12 Front Matter

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Vol. 12 Editor's Note, Zachary M. Baker Dec 2006

Vol. 12 Editor's Note, Zachary M. Baker

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Shimeon Brisman (1920–2004), Z”L, David Hirsch Dec 2006

Shimeon Brisman (1920–2004), Z”L, David Hirsch

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Herbert Zafren (1925–2005) Remembrances By David Gilner, Linda Lerman, Menahem Schmelzer, Yaffa Weisman, Laurel Wolfson, David Gilner, Linda P. Lerman, Menachem Schmelzer, Yaffa Weisman Dr., Laurel S. Wolfson Dec 2006

Herbert Zafren (1925–2005) Remembrances By David Gilner, Linda Lerman, Menahem Schmelzer, Yaffa Weisman, Laurel Wolfson, David Gilner, Linda P. Lerman, Menachem Schmelzer, Yaffa Weisman Dr., Laurel S. Wolfson

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


A Letter From Herbert Zafren To The Jewish Institute Of Religion On Behalf Of The Hapoel Hamizrachi Library, Baltimore, May 1944, Herbert Zafren Dec 2006

A Letter From Herbert Zafren To The Jewish Institute Of Religion On Behalf Of The Hapoel Hamizrachi Library, Baltimore, May 1944, Herbert Zafren

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Judaica Reference Sources: A Selective, Annotated Bibliographic Guide. 3rd Rev. And Expanded Ed. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2004, Roger S. Kohn Dec 2006

Judaica Reference Sources: A Selective, Annotated Bibliographic Guide. 3rd Rev. And Expanded Ed. Westport, Conn.: Libraries Unlimited, 2004, Roger S. Kohn

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


Scatter Of The Literature (2007), Steven M. Bergson Dec 2006

Scatter Of The Literature (2007), Steven M. Bergson

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.


2006 Great Northwest Athletic Conference Indoor Track And Field Marks, Great Northwest Athletic Conference Dec 2006

2006 Great Northwest Athletic Conference Indoor Track And Field Marks, Great Northwest Athletic Conference

Track and Field

No abstract provided.


Modeling Projection Neuron And Neuromodulatory Effects On A Rhythmic Neuronal Network, Nicholas Kintos Dec 2006

Modeling Projection Neuron And Neuromodulatory Effects On A Rhythmic Neuronal Network, Nicholas Kintos

Dissertations

Projection neurons shape the activity of many neural networks. In particular, neuromodulatory substances, which are often released by projection neurons, alter the cellular and/or synaptic properties within a target network. However, neural networks in turn influence projection neuron input via synaptic feedback. This dissertation uses mathematical and biophysically-realistic modeling to investigate these issues in the gastric mill (chewing) motor network of the crab, Cancer borealis. The projection neuron MCN1 elicits a gastric mill rhythm in which the LG neuron and INTl burst in anti-phase due to their reciprocal inhibition. However, bath application of the neuromodulator PK elicits a similar ...


Investigation Of Formation And Applications Of High-Speed Liquid Projectiles, Oleg Petrenko Dec 2006

Investigation Of Formation And Applications Of High-Speed Liquid Projectiles, Oleg Petrenko

Dissertations

The work comprises experimental and numerical studies of generation and application of high-speed liquid projectiles. Numerical models were created for a projectile formation by two kinds of launchers, water extruder and water cannon. In the water extruder the kinetic energy of a fast moving piston is transferred to the water load and extrudes the load at a high speed. By contrast in the water cannon the water load itself accumulates the kinetic energy from the expanding combustion gasses. Then, in the course of water motion through the converging nozzle the energy is redistributed between head and tail of the projectile ...


Jewish Libraries And Archives In America, Pearl Berger Dec 2006

Jewish Libraries And Archives In America, Pearl Berger

Judaica Librarianship

In celebration of the occasion of the 350th anniversary of Jewish immigration to America, this paper takes a look back and then looks forward, highlighting both achievements and challenges in the realms of Jewish libraries and archives as well as their associated professions. The paper scans the past fifty years, since the tercentenary in 1954, pointing to evidence of much growth and expansion. It then proceeds to discuss areas of development for the future, taking into account opportunities presented by the digital age.


A Chimney On The Canadian Prairies: Yiddish-Language Libraries In Western Canada, 1900 To The Present, Faith Jones Dec 2006

A Chimney On The Canadian Prairies: Yiddish-Language Libraries In Western Canada, 1900 To The Present, Faith Jones

Judaica Librarianship

Yiddish book culture did and does exist in Western Canada, even outside the vibrant Jewish culture of Winnipeg, in communities whose geographic isolation from the Yiddish-speaking centers may seem extreme. Two libraries may serve as examples of the variety of manifestations of Yiddish reading in these localities: the library of the farm community of Edenbridge, Saskatchewan, which may be said to be emblematic of cultural organization in these rural colonies, which existed from before World War I until the 1960s; and the Kirman Library at the Vancouver Peretz Centre for Secular Jewish Culture, itself an unusual example of a Yiddish ...


The First Deinard Collection Of The Library Of Congress, Myron M. Weinstein Dec 2006

The First Deinard Collection Of The Library Of Congress, Myron M. Weinstein

Judaica Librarianship

The extensive Hebraica holdings of the Library of Congress are based on a core collection of nearly 10,000 books and pamphlets that was acquired circa 1912. The “nation’s library” purchased that collection—which included 19 incunabula—from the prolific Hebrew author and bibliographer Ephraim Deinard, with financial support from the businessman and philanthropist Jacob Schiff. It was the first of three Deinard collections acquired by the Library of Congress. This article outlines the negotiations and vividly describes the personalities who made that signal acquisition possible.


The Quest For Excellence In Jewish Children’S Literature, Cheryl Banks, Lisa Silverman Dec 2006

The Quest For Excellence In Jewish Children’S Literature, Cheryl Banks, Lisa Silverman

Judaica Librarianship

When book selectors, book award judges, and reviewers seek to identify excellence in Jewish children’s literature, they must look beyond the accepted criteria for literary and artistic quality. This article discusses that criteria and focuses on the special elements that contribute to excellence in the Jewish content of books for children and teens.


A Library Education Program For Ḥaredi Librarians: Background And Description Of The Program, Shoshana Langerman Dec 2006

A Library Education Program For Ḥaredi Librarians: Background And Description Of The Program, Shoshana Langerman

Judaica Librarianship

The paper describes the author’s experience of establishing the first program for professional education of librarians from the Ḥaredi community in Jerusalem. The paper describes the various problems that the author encountered in establishing the program. The aims of the program are described as well as its curriculum. Some data about the students and the libraries is also included.


Hebrew Manuscripts In The Biblioteca Palatina In Parma: Catalogue (Kitve Ha-Yad Ha-’Ivriyim Be-Sifriyat Ha-Palat.Inah Be-Parmah: K.At.Alog), Edited By Ben- Jamin Richler; Palaeographical And Codicological Descriptions Malachi Beit-Arié. Jerusalem: Hebrew University Of Jerusalem, Jewish National And Univer- Sity Library, 2001, Roger S. Kohn Dec 2006

Hebrew Manuscripts In The Biblioteca Palatina In Parma: Catalogue (Kitve Ha-Yad Ha-’Ivriyim Be-Sifriyat Ha-Palat.Inah Be-Parmah: K.At.Alog), Edited By Ben- Jamin Richler; Palaeographical And Codicological Descriptions Malachi Beit-Arié. Jerusalem: Hebrew University Of Jerusalem, Jewish National And Univer- Sity Library, 2001, Roger S. Kohn

Judaica Librarianship

No abstract provided.