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2006

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Energy-Constrained Quality Optimization For Secure Image Transmission In Wireless Sensor Networks, Wei Wang, Dongming Peng, Honggang Wang, Hamid Sharif, Hsiao-Hwa Chen Dec 2006

Energy-Constrained Quality Optimization For Secure Image Transmission In Wireless Sensor Networks, Wei Wang, Dongming Peng, Honggang Wang, Hamid Sharif, Hsiao-Hwa Chen

Faculty Publications from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

Resource allocation for multimedia selective encryption and energy efficient transmission has not been fully investigated in literature for wireless sensor networks (WSNs). In this article, we propose a new cross-layer approach to optimize selectively encrypted image transmission quality in WSNs with strict energy constraint. A new selective image encryption approach favorable for unequal error protection (UEP) is proposed, which reduces encryption overhead considerably by controlling the structure of image bitstreams. Also, a novel cross-layer UEP scheme based on cipher-plain-text diversity is studied. In this UEP scheme, resources are unequally and optimally allocated in the encrypted bitstream structure, including data position ...


Normal?, Olivia Langenberg Dec 2006

Normal?, Olivia Langenberg

Sketch

No abstract provided.


Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel Dec 2006

Black Elk's Legacy, Mark G. Thiel

Library Faculty Research and Publications

No abstract provided.


Change In The Concentration Of Employment In Computer Services: Spatial Estimation At The U.S. Metro County Level, Donald Grimes, Mary Beth Walker, Penelope B. Prime Dec 2006

Change In The Concentration Of Employment In Computer Services: Spatial Estimation At The U.S. Metro County Level, Donald Grimes, Mary Beth Walker, Penelope B. Prime

International Business Faculty Publications

This paper models the concentration of computer services activity across theU.S.with factors that incorporate spatial relationships. Specifically, we enhance the standard home-area study with an analysis that allows conditions in neighboring counties to affect the concentration of employment in the home county. We use county-level data for metropolitan areas between 1990 and 1997. To measure change in employment concentration, we use the change in location quotients for SIC 737, which captures employment concentration changes due to both the number of firms and the scale of their activity relative to the national average. After controlling for local demand for ...


Sentencing For The 'Crime Of Crimes': The Evolving 'Common Law' Of Sentencing Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Robert Sloane Dec 2006

Sentencing For The 'Crime Of Crimes': The Evolving 'Common Law' Of Sentencing Of The International Criminal Tribunal For Rwanda, Robert Sloane

Faculty Scholarship

Absent much prescriptive guidance in its Statute or other positive law, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR) has been developing, in effect, a 'common law' of sentencing for the most serious international crimes: genocide and crimes against humanity. While it remains, as the Appeals Chamber has said, premature to speak of an emerging 'penal regime', and the coherence in sentencing practice that this denotes, this comment offers some preliminary reflections on the substantive law and process of sentencing as it has evolved through ICTR practice. Above all, I argue, sentencing must, but has not yet, become an integral part ...


Automated Algorithm For The Identification Of Artifacts In Mottled And Noisy Images, Onome Augustine Ugbeme, Eli S. Saber, Wencheng Wu, Kartheek Chandu Dec 2006

Automated Algorithm For The Identification Of Artifacts In Mottled And Noisy Images, Onome Augustine Ugbeme, Eli S. Saber, Wencheng Wu, Kartheek Chandu

Articles

We describe a method for automatically classifying image-quality defects on printed documents. The proposed approach accepts a scanned image where the defect has been localized a priori and performs several appropriate image processing steps to reveal the region of interest. A mask is then created from the exposed region to identify bright outliers. Morphological reconstruction techniques are then applied to emphasize relevant local attributes. The classification of the defects is accomplished via a customized tree classifier that utilizes size or shape attributes at corresponding nodes to yield appropriate binary decisions. Applications of this process include automated/assisted diagnosis and repair ...


Differences Without Distinctions: Boyle's Government Contractor Defense Fails To Recognize The Critical Differences Between Civilian And Military Plaintiffs And Between Military And Non-Military Procurement, John L. Watts Dec 2006

Differences Without Distinctions: Boyle's Government Contractor Defense Fails To Recognize The Critical Differences Between Civilian And Military Plaintiffs And Between Military And Non-Military Procurement, John L. Watts

Oklahoma Law Review

No abstract provided.


Legislating Racial Fairness In Criminal Justice, Olatunde C.A. Johnson Dec 2006

Legislating Racial Fairness In Criminal Justice, Olatunde C.A. Johnson

Faculty Scholarship

Twenty years ago, in McCleskey v. Kemp, the Supreme Court rejected a capital defendant's claim that statistical evidence of racial discrimination in the administration of Georgia's death penalty system constituted a violation of the Eighth and Fourteenth Amendments. Yet, even as McCleskey effectively bars constitutional challenges to racial disparities in the criminal justice system where invidious bias is difficult to establish, the Court invites advocates to pursue legislation as a remedy to racial disparities. Indeed, the McCleskey Court offers as a rationale for its ruling the judiciary's institutional incompetence to remedy these disparities, holding that "McCleskey's ...


Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris Dec 2006

Upper Extremity Dynamics During Lofstrand Crutch-Assisted Gait In Children With Myelomeningocele, Brooke A. Slavens, Jamie Frantz, Peter F. Sturm, Gerald F. Harris

Biomedical Engineering Faculty Research and Publications

Background/Objective:

We present a 3-dimensional biomechanical model of the upper extremities to characterize joint dynamics during 2 patterns of Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait in children with myelomeningocele. The upper extremity model incorporates recommendations by the International Society of Biomechanics.

Methods:

A Vicon motion analysis system (14 cameras) captured the marker patterns. Instrumented crutches measured reaction forces. Five subjects with L3 or L4 level myelodysplasia (aged 9.8 ± 1.6 years) were analyzed during reciprocal and swing-through Lofstrand crutch-assisted gait.

Results:

The mean walking speed, cadence, and stride length were greatest during swing-through gait. Although the gait patterns had different morphologies ...


Alcatraz Brewing Company Dec 2006

Alcatraz Brewing Company

All Menus in the National Restaurant Association Collection

Bar & grill. Brewery. Geographical location: Circle Centre Mall, Indianapolis, Indiana.


The University Of Iowa End Of Session Class Counts, Fall 2006, University Of Iowa Dec 2006

The University Of Iowa End Of Session Class Counts, Fall 2006, University Of Iowa

University of Iowa Class Count

The class count report offers a breakdown of course enrollment by course section and the students' primary program of study program college and student classification.


Assessment Of Client Satisfaction In Six Urban Wic Clinics Dec 2006

Assessment Of Client Satisfaction In Six Urban Wic Clinics

Florida Public Health Review

Customer service is a measure of support and courtesy provided to individuals who patronize an organization, and is a factor vital to the success of any business. Programs that strive to meet critical needs of at risk populations, such as the Special Supplementation Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), may also benefit from assessment of client satisfaction. The purpose of the study was to examine factors related to customer satisfaction in Duval County Florida WIC clinics and identify potential barriers to participation through a two-year project initiated by the health department and the state university. The study examined ...


Smallpox Vaccination Outcomes And Adverse Event Surveillance Of 18 Counties In North Central Florida Dec 2006

Smallpox Vaccination Outcomes And Adverse Event Surveillance Of 18 Counties In North Central Florida

Florida Public Health Review

Based on the directive from President George W. Bush to prepare the nation better for a possible smallpox attack, Florida enacted Operation Vaccinate Florida- Stage I (OVF I). Between February 10, 2003, and March 31, 2003, Florida vaccinated 4,434 individuals against smallpox. During this period a smallpox vaccine surveillance study was conducted in 18 counties in North Central Florida. The study was conducted via journal log, which participants completed daily by recording all symptoms, vaccination site stage development, and demographic information. The study included 350 vaccinees from Alachua, Baker, Bradford, Clay, Columbia, Dixie, Duval, Hamilton, Gilchrist, Lafayette, Levy, Flagler ...


Bird Flu Update Dec 2006

Bird Flu Update

Florida Public Health Review

No abstract provided.


Central Washington University Scoring And Rebounding, 1971-2006, Central Washington University Athletics Dec 2006

Central Washington University Scoring And Rebounding, 1971-2006, Central Washington University Athletics

Basketball

No abstract provided.


Central Washington University W-L Record And Scores Vs. Non-Conference Opponents, Year By Year, Central Washington University Athletics Dec 2006

Central Washington University W-L Record And Scores Vs. Non-Conference Opponents, Year By Year, Central Washington University Athletics

Basketball

No abstract provided.


Central Washington University Great Northwest Athletic Conference Series Histories, Central Washington University Athletics Dec 2006

Central Washington University Great Northwest Athletic Conference Series Histories, Central Washington University Athletics

CWU Athletic Hall of Fame

No abstract provided.


2006 Great Northwest Athletic Conference Indoor Track And Field Marks, Great Northwest Athletic Conference Dec 2006

2006 Great Northwest Athletic Conference Indoor Track And Field Marks, Great Northwest Athletic Conference

Track and Field

No abstract provided.


2006 Great Northwest Athletic Conference Track-And-Field Top 10 Performances, Great Northwest Athletic Conference Dec 2006

2006 Great Northwest Athletic Conference Track-And-Field Top 10 Performances, Great Northwest Athletic Conference

Track and Field

No abstract provided.


Afci Quarterly Input: Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2006, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division Dec 2006

Afci Quarterly Input: Unlv October 1 Through December 31, 2006, Harry Reid Center For Environmental Studies. Nuclear Science And Technology Division

Transmutation Research Program Reports (TRP)

Quarterly report highlighting research projects, activities and objectives of the Transmutation Research Program at the Nuclear Science & Technology Division, Harry Reid Research Center.

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas supports the AFCI through research and development of technologies for economic and environmentally sound refinement of spent nuclear fuel. The UNLV program has four components: infrastructure, international collaboration, student-based research, and management and program support.


Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Interagency Science And Research: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Interagency Science and Research Strategy

  • Completed draft review and analysis of 6 interagency and 2 single-agency science strategies.
  • Developed an outline for a Southern Nevada Agency Partnership Science Strategy based upon these reviews.
  • Initiated a beta-test of a science proposal review process.


Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Archaeological Inventory, Site Assessment, And Data Management, Lake Mead National Recreation Area And Parashant National Monument: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Archaeology

• Organized data from 129 features at St. Thomas into a comprehensive site record

• Reviewed more than 800 site records in ASMIS

• Completed Class 1 inventories for Capital Improvement and Lost City Projects

• Surveyed 585 acres for the NPS Andrus Burn Unit on the Shivwits Plateau

• Surveyed 330 acres for the Lost City Project

• Conducted an assessment of recent flood damage at the Willow Beach site


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships: Cultural Site Stewardship Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Cultural Site Stewardship Program

• The Cultural Site Stewardship Program now has 249 enrolled site stewards, an increase of 732% since program inception in 2004.

• Four training classes were held in 2006, adding 72 new stewards.

• Site Stewards reported 55 significant impacts during the 12-month period compared to 25 impacts during the same period last year.


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Vegetation Monitoring And Management: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Vegetation Monitoring

Executive Summary

  • Two new Weed Sentry research assistants were hired.
  • Weed Sentry staff surveyed for exotic species on 89 miles of roads on NPS and BLM land and treated more than 21,000 exotic plants in incipient populations.
  • A grid-based rare plant monitoring method was tested this quarter.
  • A manuscript detailing vegetation succession on a water pipeline at Lake Mead NRA was submitted for review to the journal Crossosoma.
  • New integrative projects undertaken this quarter included establishing a competition study between a native grass and the exotic Sahara mustard, salvaging plants for research purposes from private sites with permission from ...


Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Lake Mead National Recreation Area Sensitive Wildlife Species Monitoring And Analysis: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Wildlife Monitoring

  • Research assistant hired for Relict Leopard Frog conservation project.
  • High school minority intern hired to assist with research efforts.
  • Nocturnal visual encounter surveys for Relict Leopard Frogs conducted at all established natural sites and at 6 of 7 translocation sites.
  • Vegetation management conducted to decrease tamarisk cover along the stream at the Pupfish Refuge Spring – a Relict Leopard Frog translocation site.
  • New draft guidelines and field count protocols developed for midwinter bald eagle count.
  • Preliminary analysis and modeling of thrasher habitat selection conducted and sampling assessed
  • Call-broadcast surveys for thrasher species conducted at 43 points countywide, focusing on vegetation assemblages ...


Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Take Pride In America In Southern Nevada: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Anti-littering Programs

• Don’t Trash Nevada roll-out event held on October 12, 2006.

• Program website launched.

• 74 people have taken the on-line anti-litter and dumping pledge.

• Public-private partnership with Republic Services of Southern Nevada generated $11,917.97 in donations to Don’t Trash Nevada.

• Conducted 3 volunteer and 1 alternative workforce clean-ups this quarter.

• Fulfilled deliverable of 12 clean-ups for 2006 (9 volunteer / 3 alternative workforce).

• 16 volunteer clean-ups scheduled for 2007. • Two tons of agency-generated paper recycled this quarter, saving 14,000 gallons of water, 34 trees, and almost 8 cubic yards of landfill space.

• Phase I judicial analysis draft ...


Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Cooperative Conservation: Increasing Capacity Through Community Partnerships -- Interagency Volunteer Program: Quarterly Progress Report, Period Ending December 31, 2006, Margaret N. Rees

Get Outdoors Nevada

  • Volunteer database increased 8% over last quarter. Database now contains 2,923 records.
  • Website activity increased, recording an average of 51,568 hits per month, with an average of 4,985 pages viewed per month (12.4% increase in pages viewed).
  • Team charter approved and signed by federal managers and IVP team.
  • Volunteer orientation and training in 11 subject areas delivered to 80 volunteers.
  • Recognition Banquet and Awards Ceremony recognized 180 volunteers.
  • Volunteer event list revised for 2007.


Oliver Ranch Science School Complex & Wild Horse And Burro Facility: Final Close-Out Report, Margaret N. Rees Dec 2006

Oliver Ranch Science School Complex & Wild Horse And Burro Facility: Final Close-Out Report, Margaret N. Rees

Oliver Ranch Project

“The mission of the Red Rock Desert Learning Center is to instill stewardship and respect by increasing knowledge and understanding of the Mojave Desert ecosystems and cultures through a unique experiential discovery program.”


Legal Interoperability Issues In International Cooperation Measures To Secure The Maritime Commons, Craig Allen Dec 2006

Legal Interoperability Issues In International Cooperation Measures To Secure The Maritime Commons, Craig Allen

Books

Contains papers submitted at a workshop sponsored by the William B. Ruger Chair of National Security Economics, Newport, Rhode Island 6-8 November, 2006.


Shoreland Buffer Module For Granit Data Mapper, Fay A. Rubin, David G. Justice Dec 2006

Shoreland Buffer Module For Granit Data Mapper, Fay A. Rubin, David G. Justice

PREP Reports & Publications

The Complex Systems Research Center at the University of New Hampshire enhanced the GRANIT Data Mapper (http://mapper.granit.unh.edu) by incorporating data describing shoreline buffers in New Hampshire. The project supports an ongoing, comprehensive New Hampshire Estuaries Project (NHEP) outreach initiative that seeks to educate municipal decision-makers about the importance of stream buffers in preserving water quality in coastal New Hampshire. It complements these existing outreach efforts by allowing coastal managers, local land use boards, and the general public to readily visualize the spatial extent of current and/or proposed shoreline regulations in their community. The primary data ...