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Cooperation And Facets Of Psychological Collectivism As Antecedents Of Team Mental Model Similarity, Neal Benoit Outland Aug 2016

Cooperation And Facets Of Psychological Collectivism As Antecedents Of Team Mental Model Similarity, Neal Benoit Outland

College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

This thesis investigated the role of facets of trait psychological collectivism (Preference, Reliance, Concern, and Goal-Priority) and the personality trait cooperativeness in the development of Team Mental Models. Team Mental Models (TMMs) are shared representations of a work team’s context that aid a team in directing behaviors and coordinating actions. I utilized Marks, Mathieu, and Zaccaro’s (2001) taxonomy of team processes to explicate and test a model detailing the role of composition in TMM development. Data were collected from 35 teams of 5 individuals who completed a computer simulation in which the team interdependently replicated pictures using blocks ...


Identifying Team Dysfunctions Within Two Natural Resources Conservation Service Offices, Norman E. Pipkin Aug 2016

Identifying Team Dysfunctions Within Two Natural Resources Conservation Service Offices, Norman E. Pipkin

Masters Theses

Many teams fail to recognize what causes dysfunction within their team. The purpose of this study is to examine team dynamics and produce an example of applied leadership research for leadership educators. By identifying the causes of dysfunction, teams will be able to advance the functionality and success of their team by achieving a higher level of cohesiveness and production for the customers and communities in which they serve. Leadership educators will be able to use this study in discussing how team functionality can be studied and improved.

NRCS offices in two counties were given the opportunity to participate in ...


Power, Positioning, And The Potential Of Adult Learning Communities, Jacquelyn Mcmanus Aug 2016

Power, Positioning, And The Potential Of Adult Learning Communities, Jacquelyn Mcmanus

EDL Sixth Year Theses

An initial curiosity around the variations and effectiveness of literacy coaching led to the extension of this research study, which explored the needs of adult learners in general as they existed and operated in their professional learning communities (PLCs). With a greater understanding of what adult learners sought from their learning communities, the research also established why certain adult learners pursued leadership positions, specifically was there a common profile of an adult learner who decided to lead PLCs instead of just participating. This study explored the functioning of the adult learners in their current PLCs and the perspectives of those ...


The Influence Of Team Prosocial Motivation On Emergent States And Shared Leadership, Tyree David Mitchell Jun 2016

The Influence Of Team Prosocial Motivation On Emergent States And Shared Leadership, Tyree David Mitchell

College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

Despite the growing body of research on shared leadership, relatively little is known about the antecedents of shared leadership. The following study examined the effects of team prosocial motivation on team emergent states (i.e., team empowerment, psychological safety) and shared leadership. Drawing on motivational theories (e.g., self-determination theory), it was hypothesized that team empowerment and psychological safety would mediate the relationship between team prosocial motivation and shared leadership. Also, in line with the social identity and self-categorization perspectives, it was hypothesized that team surface-level diversity (racial diversity, gender diversity, faultline strength) would moderate the effects of team prosocial ...


An Examination Of Leader-Member Exchange And Team Effectiveness, Brooke B. Allison May 2016

An Examination Of Leader-Member Exchange And Team Effectiveness, Brooke B. Allison

All Dissertations

Previous research has indicated the importance of leader-member exchange (LMX) relationships for organizational team effectiveness (e.g., Boies & Howell, 2006; Hooper & Martin, 2008). However, few studies have examined the complexity of this relationship empirically, nor examined how leader differentiation of LMX, a main tenet of LMX theory, may affect vital team processes and emergent states required for successful team performance. The current study developed and tested a model of the relations between LMX, perceived LMX variability, team behavioral processes, and emergent affective states on team effectiveness. Individuals representing 66 university research teams from a medium-sized university participated in the current study. Results ...


From Creativity To Team Innovation: Building The Bridge In Organizations, Jonathan Brown May 2016

From Creativity To Team Innovation: Building The Bridge In Organizations, Jonathan Brown

Creative Studies Graduate Student Master's Projects

The outcome of this project is a new model for team innovation. It was created as a result of the need for teams to be better prepared to innovate. The approach of this project was to investigate, clarify, combine, synthesize and finally propose useful ways to accelerate team innovation in organizations. It started with a diagram and evolved into an articulation of each step of the model. This prototype model is called Model for Purposeful Team Innovation. The model is divided in seven steps that include identity, mission, quality, targets for improvement, roadmap, execution, monitoring to assess the maturity and ...


Organizational Development And Learning Technology In The Workplace: The Migration Of University Reporting Tools, Anne C. Pinder Apr 2016

Organizational Development And Learning Technology In The Workplace: The Migration Of University Reporting Tools, Anne C. Pinder

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation study focused on organizational development (OD) as it related to implementing a new technology, the Cognos reporting tool, within working groups at a mid-sized University, in southern New Jersey. In this study, I intended to understand how these two work groups accomplished this change on an individual, team, and organizational level, while they achieved success through dealing with stressors associated with the software implementation. I was especially interested in how individuals in the two workgroups dealt with a major change within their organization. I was also interested in evaluating my personal leadership skills as a contributor to the ...


Psychological And Behavioral Dimensions Of Team Trust And Adherence To Collaborative Team Norms Within Plcs, Anne L. Staffieri Mar 2016

Psychological And Behavioral Dimensions Of Team Trust And Adherence To Collaborative Team Norms Within Plcs, Anne L. Staffieri

Theses and Dissertations

In response to increasing demands placed on public education, Professional Learning Communities (PLCs) have emerged as a means of providing teachers with opportunities to collaborate together. Collaboration has been shown to improve teaching practices and lead to better student outcomes. Trust has been shown to be an important factor contributing to the success of PLC teams. Adherence to collaborative norms is also an important factor in the ability to collaborate successfully in PLC teams, yet few studies exist that empirically assess the relationship between trust and adherence to norms regarding the collaboration process. Participants in this study are public high ...


Organizational Resource Assembly In Technology Ventures, Andy Wu Jan 2016

Organizational Resource Assembly In Technology Ventures, Andy Wu

Publicly Accessible Penn Dissertations

This dissertation addresses the assembly of organizational resources by technology ventures. We study how innovative firms acquire human and financial capital and then organize those resources, and how public policy affects that capability.

In the first chapter, we study the role of information in organizational decision-making for the financing of entrepreneurial ventures. We formally model a decentralized set of agents who vote strategically to allocate resources to a project with unknown outcome; they can each acquire costly information to improve their decision quality. We test our predictions in the setting of venture capital, where partners make their own angel investments ...


Conflict About Conflict: Antecedents, Consequences, And Moderators Of Conflict Asymmetry In Teams, Ayse Karaca Jan 2016

Conflict About Conflict: Antecedents, Consequences, And Moderators Of Conflict Asymmetry In Teams, Ayse Karaca

Wayne State University Dissertations

ABSTRACT

CONFLICT ABOUT CONFLICT: ANTECEDENTS, CONSEQUENCES, AND MODERATORS OF CONFLICT ASYMMETRY IN TEAMS

by

AYSE KARACA

December 2016

Advisor: Dr. Amanuel G. Tekleab

Major: Business Administration

Degree: Doctor of Philosophy

The main objectives of this dissertation were to examine the antecedents and consequences of conflict asymmetry from a multilevel perspective and to explore the impact of a contextual factor, team emotional intelligence, on the conflict asymmetry-outcome relationship. In addition, this study also sought to discover if the asymmetry measure used has an impact on the relationships tested and if the effects of conflict asymmetry can be generalizable to other team ...


Professional Learning Communities In A Juvenile Correctional Facility, Altarene Wagner Brown Jan 2016

Professional Learning Communities In A Juvenile Correctional Facility, Altarene Wagner Brown

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

There is little evidence concerning the impact of professional learning communities (PLCs) at juvenile correctional facilities. This qualitative case study explored the implementation of a PLC at a juvenile correctional facility school that housed students 10 to 19 years of age in southeastern United States. The purpose of this study was to understand the perceptions of teachers and paraprofessionals about how the PLC supported their work as they designed, constructed, and delivered instruction at the correctional facility. The social interactions among engaged educators through collaboration, collective inquiry, reflections, and communication derived from constructivist learning theory. Qualitative methodology included document review ...


Performance Of Individuals And Teams On Cryptographic Tasks: Factors That Affect The Consideration Of Alternative Strategies, Joseph Bihary Jan 2016

Performance Of Individuals And Teams On Cryptographic Tasks: Factors That Affect The Consideration Of Alternative Strategies, Joseph Bihary

Dissertations

The two studies presented here examined factors that might affect teams’ and individuals’ tendency to follow outside advice when attempting to solve a complex problem known as letters-to-numbers. Past research on group dynamics suggests that a lack of group consensus or homogeneity reduces group members’ confidence in their group’s abilities, and may lead members both to seek and accept advice from outside the group. Study 1 experimentally manipulated group diversity in task performance strategies in order to investigate whether dyads whose members have divergent perspectives are more likely than homogeneous dyads to consider and use a problem-solving strategy presented ...