Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 29 of 29

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

Design And Characterization Of Noveldevices For New Generation Of Electrostaticdischarge (Esd) Protection Structures, Javier Salcedo Jan 2006

Design And Characterization Of Noveldevices For New Generation Of Electrostaticdischarge (Esd) Protection Structures, Javier Salcedo

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The technology evolution and complexity of new circuit applications involve emerging reliability problems and even more sensitivity of integrated circuits (ICs) to electrostatic discharge (ESD)-induced damage. Regardless of the aggressive evolution in downscaling and subsequent improvement in applications' performance, ICs still should comply with minimum standards of ESD robustness in order to be commercially viable. Although the topic of ESD has received attention industry-wide, the design of robust protection structures and circuits remains challenging because ESD failure mechanisms continue to become more acute and design windows less flexible. The sensitivity of smaller devices, along with a limited understanding of ...


Heuristic 3d Reconstruction Of Irregular Spaced Lidar, Nicholas Shorter Jan 2006

Heuristic 3d Reconstruction Of Irregular Spaced Lidar, Nicholas Shorter

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As more data sources have become abundantly available, an increased interest in 3D reconstruction has emerged in the image processing academic community. Applications for 3D reconstruction of urban and residential buildings consist of urban planning, network planning for mobile communication, tourism information systems, spatial analysis of air pollution and noise nuisance, microclimate investigations, and Geographical Information Systems (GISs). Previous, classical, 3D reconstruction algorithms solely utilized aerial photography. With the advent of LIDAR systems, current algorithms explore using captured LIDAR data as an additional feasible source of information for 3D reconstruction. Preprocessing techniques are proposed for the development of an autonomous ...


Wide Viewing Angle Liquid Crystal Displays, Qi Hong Jan 2006

Wide Viewing Angle Liquid Crystal Displays, Qi Hong

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, novel phase compensation technologies are applied to the designs of wide viewing angle and high transmittance liquid crystal displays. First, a design of wide viewing angle liquid crystal displays utilizing crossed linear polarizers is proposed. The designed multi-domain vertical-alignment liquid crystal display predicts superb contrast ratio over wide viewing angles. Next, to increase the bright state transmittance while maintain the high contrast. Finally, to reduce the cost and improve the applicability of the broadband and wide-view circular polarizer, the device configuration of the broadband and wide-view circular polarizer is significantly simplified by the application of biaxial compensation ...


Analyis Of Airborne Microwave Polarimetric Radiometer Measurements In The Presence Of Dynamic Platform Attitude Errors, Jean Yves Kabore Jan 2006

Analyis Of Airborne Microwave Polarimetric Radiometer Measurements In The Presence Of Dynamic Platform Attitude Errors, Jean Yves Kabore

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

There are numerous applications for airborne imaging systems in remote sensing, and this thesis deals with a new microwave polarimetric radiometer technique for inferring ocean surface wind direction [3, 5, 7]. This technique is based upon the anisotropy of the polarized ocean blackbody emissions at microwave frequencies relative to the azimuth angle between the microwave radiometer antenna "look" direction and the direction of the wind. Because of the weak wind direction signature, it is important that all systematic brightness temperature (Tb) errors be eliminated, especially those that vary with the radiometer antenna scan position (look direction). This can be accomplished ...


Hurricane Wind Retrieval Algorithm Development For An Airborne Conical Scanning Scatterometer, Santhosh Vasudevan Jan 2006

Hurricane Wind Retrieval Algorithm Development For An Airborne Conical Scanning Scatterometer, Santhosh Vasudevan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Reliable ocean wind vector measurements can be obtained using active microwave remote sensing (scatterometry) techniques. With the increase in the number of severe hurricanes making landfall in the United States, there is increased emphasis on operational monitoring of hurricane winds from aircraft. This thesis presents a data processing algorithm to provide real-time hurricane wind vector retrievals (wind speed and direction) from conically scanning airborne microwave scatterometer measurements of ocean surface backscatter. The algorithm is developed to best suit the specifications for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Hurricane Research Division's airborne scatterometer – Integrated Wind and Rain Airborne Profiler ...


A Third-Order Differential Steering Robot And Trajectory Generation In The Presence Of Moving Obstacles, Vatana An Jan 2006

A Third-Order Differential Steering Robot And Trajectory Generation In The Presence Of Moving Obstacles, Vatana An

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this thesis, four robots will be used to implement a collision-free trajectory planning/replanning algorithm. The existence of a chained form transformation so that the robot's model can be control in canonical form will be analyzed and proved. A trajectory generation for obstacles avoidance will be derived, simulated, and implemented. A specific PC based control algorithm will be developed. Chapter two describes two wheels differential drive robot modeling and existence of controllable canonical chained form. Chapter 3 describes criterion for avoiding dynamic objects, a feasible collision-free trajectory parameterization, and solution to steering velocity. Chapter 4 describes robot implementation ...


Debris Characterization And Mitigation Of Droplet Laser Plasma Sources For Euv Lithography, Kazutoshi Takenoshita Jan 2006

Debris Characterization And Mitigation Of Droplet Laser Plasma Sources For Euv Lithography, Kazutoshi Takenoshita

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) is a next generation lithographic techniques under development for fabricating semiconductor devices with feature sizes smaller than 32 nm. The optics to be used in the EUVL steppers is reflective optics with multilayer mirror coatings on each surface. The wavelength of choice is 13.5 nm determined by the optimum reflectivity of the mirror coatings. The light source required for this wavelength is derived from a hot-dense plasma produced by either a gas discharge or a laser. This study concentrate only on the laser produced plasma source because of its advantages of scalability to higher repetition ...


An Improved Microwave Radiative Transfer Model For Ocean Emissivity At Hurricane Force Surface Wind Speed, Salem El-Nimri Jan 2006

An Improved Microwave Radiative Transfer Model For Ocean Emissivity At Hurricane Force Surface Wind Speed, Salem El-Nimri

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

An electromagnetic model for predicting the microwave blackbody emission from the ocean surface under the forcing of strong surface winds in hurricanes is being developed. This ocean emissivity model will be incorporated into a larger radiative transfer model used to infer ocean surface wind speed and rain rate in hurricanes from remotely sensed radiometric brightness temperature. The model development is based on measurements obtained with the Stepped Frequency Microwave Radiometer (SFMR), which routinely flys on the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration's hurricane hunter aircraft. This thesis presents the methods used in the wind speed model development and validation results ...


Prediction And Measurement Of Radiated Emissions Based On Empirical Time Domain Conducted Measurements, Larry Freeman Jan 2006

Prediction And Measurement Of Radiated Emissions Based On Empirical Time Domain Conducted Measurements, Larry Freeman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis develops a novel method to predict radiated emissions measurements. The techniques used are based on standard Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) qualification test methods. The empirical data used to formulate the final results was restricted to pertinent data protocol waveforms however the entire method may be applied to any waveforms for which empirical radiated emissions have been measured. The method provides a concise means for predicting worst case radiated emissions profiles based on empirical measured data.


On-Chip Spiral Inductor/Transformer Design And Modeling For Rf Applications, Ji Chen Jan 2006

On-Chip Spiral Inductor/Transformer Design And Modeling For Rf Applications, Ji Chen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Passive components are indispensable in the design and development of microchips for high-frequency applications. Inductors in particular are used frequently in radio frequency (RF) IC's such as low-noise amplifiers and oscillators. High performance inductor has become one of the critical components for voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) design, for its quality factor (Q) value directly affects the VCO phase noise. The optimization of inductor layout can improve its performance, but the improvement is limited by selected technology. Inductor performance is bounded by the thin routing metal and small distance from lossy substrate. On the other hand, the in-accurate inductor modeling ...


High Slew Rate High-Efficiency Dc-Dc Converter, Xiangcheng Wang Jan 2006

High Slew Rate High-Efficiency Dc-Dc Converter, Xiangcheng Wang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Active transient voltage compensator (ATVC) has been proposed to improve VR transient response at high slew rate load, which engages in transient periods operating in MHZ to inject high slew rate current in step up load and recovers energy in step down load. Main VR operates in low switching frequency mainly providing DC current. Parallel ATVC has largely reduced conduction and switching losses. Parallel ATVC also reduces the number of VR bulk capacitors. Combined linear and adaptive nonlinear control has been proposed to reduce delay times in the actual controller, which injects one nonlinear signal in transient periods and simplifies ...


Chemical And Biological Treatment Of Mature Landfill Leachate, Eyad Batarseh Jan 2006

Chemical And Biological Treatment Of Mature Landfill Leachate, Eyad Batarseh

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The challenges imposed on Voltage Regulator Modules (VRM) become difficult to be achieved with the conventional multiphase buck converter commonly used on PC motherboards. For faster data transfer, a decrease in the output voltage is needed. This decrease causes small duty cycle that is accompanied by critical problems which impairs the efficiency. Therefore, these problems need to be addressed. Transformer-based non-isolated topologies are not new approaches to extend the duty cycle and avoid the associated drawbacks. High leakage, several added components and complicated driving and control schemes are some of the trade-offs to expand the duty cycle. The objective of ...


Dsp Implementation Of Dc Voltage Regulation Using Adaptive Control For 200 Kw 62000 Rpm Induction Generator, Othman Elkhomri Jan 2006

Dsp Implementation Of Dc Voltage Regulation Using Adaptive Control For 200 Kw 62000 Rpm Induction Generator, Othman Elkhomri

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The thesis discusses the development of closed loop system to control the DC voltage for 200 kW induction generator rated at a speed of 62000 RPM under different load conditions. The voltage regulation has been implemented using PI controller. A gain scheduling control algorithm has been developed to select the appropriate controller gains with respect to the generator load. Further, a relationship between the generator loads and the controller gains has been established. This relationship has been modeled using adaptive control technique to vary the gains automatically at any load condition. The adaptive control technique has been successfully generalized for ...


Prototype Of Coupling Unit Network For Power Line Communications, Bharath Srinivasan Jan 2006

Prototype Of Coupling Unit Network For Power Line Communications, Bharath Srinivasan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Power Line Communications has made impressive strides since its introduction. Power Line Communications (PLC) or Broadband over Power Lines (BPL) is the method of transmitting broadband signals over the power lines and making it available at the power outlet in homes. It provides last mile communication and makes use of existing power lines to transmit signals, thereby eliminating the need to lay cables all over again. PLC is fast becoming a commercial reality in the United States. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) is working toward making PLC a standard with particular emphasis on power emission issues and interference with nearby ...


Pipelining Of Double Precision Floating Point Division And Square Root Operations On Field-Programmable Gate Arrays, Anuja Thakkar Jan 2006

Pipelining Of Double Precision Floating Point Division And Square Root Operations On Field-Programmable Gate Arrays, Anuja Thakkar

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Many space applications, such as vision-based systems, synthetic aperture radar, and radar altimetry rely increasingly on high data rate DSP algorithms. These algorithms use double precision floating point arithmetic operations. While most DSP applications can be executed on DSP processors, the DSP numerical requirements of these new space applications surpass by far the numerical capabilities of many current DSP processors. Since the tradition in DSP processing has been to use fixed point number representation, only recently have DSP processors begun to incorporate floating point arithmetic units, even though most of these units handle only single precision floating point addition/subtraction ...


Design, Analysis And Implementation Of Orthogonal Frequency Coding In Saw Devices Used For Spread Spectrum Tags And Sensors, Derek Puccio Jan 2006

Design, Analysis And Implementation Of Orthogonal Frequency Coding In Saw Devices Used For Spread Spectrum Tags And Sensors, Derek Puccio

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

SAW based sensors can offer wireless, passive operation in numerous environments and various device embodiments are employed for retrieval of the sensed data information. Single sensor systems can typically use a single carrier frequency and a simple device embodiment, since tagging is not required. In a multi-sensor environment, it is necessary to both identify the sensor and retrieve the sensed information. This dissertation presents the concept of orthogonal frequency coding (OFC) for applications to SAW sensor technology. OFC offers all advantages inherent to spread spectrum communications including enhanced processing gain and lower interrogation power spectral density (PSD). It is shown ...


An Ocean Surface Wind Vector Model Function For A Spaceborne Microwave Radiometer And Its Application, Seubson Soisuvarn Jan 2006

An Ocean Surface Wind Vector Model Function For A Spaceborne Microwave Radiometer And Its Application, Seubson Soisuvarn

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Ocean surface wind vectors over the ocean present vital information for scientists and forecasters in their attempt to understand the Earth's global weather and climate. As the demand for global wind velocity information has increased, the number of satellite missions that carry wind-measuring sensors has also increased; however, there are still not sufficient numbers of instruments in orbit today to fulfill the need for operational meteorological and scientific wind vector data. Over the last three decades operational measurements of global ocean wind speeds have been obtained from passive microwave radiometers. Also, vector ocean surface wind data were primarily obtained ...


Unified Steady-State Computer Aided Model For Soft-Switching Dc-Dc Converters, Wisam Al-Hoor Jan 2006

Unified Steady-State Computer Aided Model For Soft-Switching Dc-Dc Converters, Wisam Al-Hoor

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

For many decades, engineers and students have heavily depended on simulation packages such as Pspice to run transit and steady-state simulation for their circuits. The majority of these circuits, such as soft switching cells, contain complicated modes of operations that require the Pspice simulation to run for a long time and, finally, it may not reach a convergent solution for these kinds of circuits. Also, there is a need for an educational tool that provides students with a better understanding of circuit modes of operation through state-plan figures and steady-state switching waveforms. The unified steady-state computer aided model proposes a ...


Finite Element Method Modeling Of Advanced Electronic Devices, Yupeng Chen Jan 2006

Finite Element Method Modeling Of Advanced Electronic Devices, Yupeng Chen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, we use finite element method together with other numerical techniques to study advanced electron devices. We study the radiation properties in electron waveguide structure with multi-step discontinuities and soft wall lateral confinement. Radiation mechanism and conditions are examined by numerical simulation of dispersion relations and transport properties. The study of geometry variations shows its significant impact on the radiation intensity and direction. In particular, the periodic corrugation structure exhibits strong directional radiation. This interesting feature may be useful to design a nano-scale transmitter, a communication device for future nano-scale system. Non-quasi-static effects in AC characteristics of carbon ...


Transmission Lines For Ir Signal Routing, Tasneem Mandviwala Jan 2006

Transmission Lines For Ir Signal Routing, Tasneem Mandviwala

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

In this dissertation, the design, fabrication, and characterization of coplanar striplines, vias, and microstrip lines is investigated, from the point of view of developing interconnections for antenna-coupled infrared detectors operating in the 8- to 12-micron wavelength range. To our knowledge, no previous efforts have been made to study the performance of metallic-wire transmission lines at infrared frequencies. Both the design and fabrication of these structures present unique challenges. Because of attenuation and dispersion issues, the analytical formulas for transmission-line parameters that are valid below a few hundred GHz are not applicable in the infrared. Therefore, numerical modeling was performed to ...


Measuring Optical Turbulence Parameters With A Three-Aperture Receiver, David Wayne Jan 2006

Measuring Optical Turbulence Parameters With A Three-Aperture Receiver, David Wayne

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis discusses methods to measure several atmospheric parameters related to turbulence. Techniques used by two different scintillometers based on weak turbulence theory are discussed along with a method to estimate the inner scale developed by Hill. The theory and minimization algorithm used to infer the atmospheric parameters are discussed. The main focus is on the analysis and collection of experimental data with a three-aperture receiver system. Intensity fluctuations from a CW laser source are collected over a 1km path with three different receiving apertures. The scintillation index is found for each receiving aperture and recently developed theory for all ...


The Effectiveness Of Data Codes And Hardware Selection To Mitigate Scintillation Effects On Free Space Optical Data Transmission, Keith Stein Jan 2006

The Effectiveness Of Data Codes And Hardware Selection To Mitigate Scintillation Effects On Free Space Optical Data Transmission, Keith Stein

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The design of an optical communication link must plan for the random effects of atmospheric turbulence. This study analyses data from an experiment which transmitted from a laser located 8 meters above ground over a 13 Km range to coherent detection devices approximately 162 meters above ground. The effects of a fading and surging beam wave were considered in regards to code techniques for error correction, amplitude modulation and hardware architecture schemes. This study simulated the use of arrays and large apertures for the receiving devices, and compared the resultant scintillation index with the theoretical calculations.


Demonstrating Reflectarray Behavior At Infrared, James Ginn Jan 2006

Demonstrating Reflectarray Behavior At Infrared, James Ginn

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Reflectarrays are traditionally passive, planar microstrip antenna devices designed for reflected phase manipulation at each individual antenna element making up the array. By varying the phase response across the surface with the antenna elements, reflectarrays allows a planar surface to exhibit electromagnetically an arbitrary geometry, such as a spherical surface. Initially proposed as a low-cost replacement for bulky parabolic reflectors, reflectarrays have been successfully developed and utilized at both RF and millimeter-wave frequencies. From the standpoint of an optical systems designer, adapting low-frequency reflectarray technology to develop a sub-millimeter and infrared reflectarray (SMIR) would provide a highly desirable alternative to ...


Study Of Nanoscale Cmos Device And Circuit Reliability, Chuanzhao Yu Jan 2006

Study Of Nanoscale Cmos Device And Circuit Reliability, Chuanzhao Yu

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The development of semiconductor technology has led to the significant scaling of the transistor dimensions -The transistor gate length drops down to tens of nanometers and the gate oxide thickness to 1 nm. In the future several years, the deep submicron devices will dominate the semiconductor industry for the high transistor density and the corresponding performance enhancement. For these devices, the reliability issues are the first concern for the commercialization. The major reliability issues caused by voltage and/or temperature stress are gate oxide breakdown (BD), hot carrier effects (HCs), and negative bias temperature instability (NBTI). They become even more ...


The Effect Of Hot Carrier Stress On Low Noise Amplifier Radio Frequency Performance Under Weak And Strong Inversion, Lin Shen Jan 2006

The Effect Of Hot Carrier Stress On Low Noise Amplifier Radio Frequency Performance Under Weak And Strong Inversion, Lin Shen

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis work is mainly focused on studying RF performance degradation of a low noise amplifier (LNA) circuit due to hot carrier effect (HCE) in both the weak and strong inversion regions. Since the figures of merit for the RF circuit characterization are gain, noise figure, input, and output matching, the LNA RF performance drift is evaluated in a Cadence SpectreRF simulator subject to these features. This thesis presents hot carrier induced degradation results of an LNA to show that the HCE phenomenon is one of the serious reliability issues in the aggressively scaled RF CMOS design, especially for long-term ...


Text-Image Restoration And Text Alignment For Multi-Engine Optical Character Recognition Systems, Nikolai Kozlovski Jan 2006

Text-Image Restoration And Text Alignment For Multi-Engine Optical Character Recognition Systems, Nikolai Kozlovski

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Previous research showed that combining three different optical character recognition (OCR) engines (ExperVision® OCR, Scansoft OCR, and Abbyy® OCR) results using voting algorithms will get higher accuracy rate than each of the engines individually. While a voting algorithm has been realized, several aspects to automate and improve the accuracy rate needed further research. This thesis will focus on morphological image preprocessing and morphological text restoration that goes to OCR engines. This method is similar to the one used in restoration partial finger prints. Series of morphological dilating and eroding filters of various mask shapes and sizes were applied to text ...


Modeling And Optimization Of Body Diode Reverse Recovery Characteristics Of Ldmos Transistors, Wesley Deschaine Jan 2006

Modeling And Optimization Of Body Diode Reverse Recovery Characteristics Of Ldmos Transistors, Wesley Deschaine

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

As switching speeds for DC-DC converter applications keep becoming faster and faster and voltage requirements become smaller and smaller, the need for new device structures becomes more prevalent. Designers of these new structures will need to make sure they take into consideration the different power losses associated with the different structures and make modifications to reduce or if possible eliminate them. A new 30V LDMOS device has been created and is being implemented into a synchronous buck converter for future DC-DC conversions. This new lateral device has a Figure of Merit of 80mÙ*nC, representing a 50% reduction from the ...


High Speed Turbo Tcm Ofdm For Uwb And Powerline System, Yanxia Wang Jan 2006

High Speed Turbo Tcm Ofdm For Uwb And Powerline System, Yanxia Wang

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Turbo Trellis-Coded Modulation (TTCM) is an attractive scheme for higher data rate transmission, since it combines the impressive near Shannon limit error correcting ability of turbo codes with the high spectral efficiency property of TCM codes. We build a punctured parity-concatenated trellis codes in which a TCM code is used as the inner code and a simple parity-check code is used as the outer code. It can be constructed by simple repetition, interleavers, and TCM and functions as standard TTCM but with much lower complexity regarding real world implementation. An iterative bit MAP decoding algorithm is associated with the coding ...


Hurricane Wind Speed And Rain Rate Retrieval Algorithm For The Stepped Frequency Microwave Radiometer, Ruba Amarin Jan 2006

Hurricane Wind Speed And Rain Rate Retrieval Algorithm For The Stepped Frequency Microwave Radiometer, Ruba Amarin

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This thesis presents the development and validation of the Hurricane Imaging Retrieval Algorithm (HIRA) for the measurement of oceanic surface wind speed and rain rate in hurricanes. The HIRA is designed to process airborne microwave brightness temperatures from the NOAA, Stepped Frequency Microwave Radiometer (SFMR), which routinely collects data during NOAA hurricane hunter aircraft flights. SFMR measures wind speeds and rain rates at nadir only, but HIRA will soon be integrated with an improved surface wind speed model for expanded utilization with next generation microwave hurricane imagers, such as the Hurricane Imaging Radiometer (HIRad). HIRad will expand the nadir only ...