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Explaining The Relationship Between Neuroticism And Eating Disorder Risk In Female University Students: The Roles Of Perceived Stress And Coping Style, Vanessa Bruce Jan 2011

Explaining The Relationship Between Neuroticism And Eating Disorder Risk In Female University Students: The Roles Of Perceived Stress And Coping Style, Vanessa Bruce

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although it is well established that neuroticism is associated with many psychiatric disorders, including eating disorders, little is known about the mechanism through which they are related. The purpose of this two-stage study was to test three models to determine if stress and coping might help explain this relationship. In the first stage, female undergraduates (119), an at-risk population for eating disorders, completed the NEO PI-R, the EDI-3, the YA-FILES, and the CISS. In the second stage of the study, participants completed daily records of perceived stress, chosen coping strategies, and change in daily eating habits for a period of ...


Coping With Childhood Issues As Adults, Kathleen Schwartzenberger Jan 2011

Coping With Childhood Issues As Adults, Kathleen Schwartzenberger

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The mental health consequences of both dispositional forgiveness and forgiving one's abusive parents were examined in this study. It was anticipated that dispositional forgiveness would be related to better mental health in a population of adults who sustained childhood abuse. It was also expected that forgiving one's parents for childhood abuse would predict better mental health in adulthood. The results of the study support a conclusion that child abuse survivors purport better mental health (e.g., less anger, anxiety and depression) when they report higher levels of self forgiveness. However, it was found that higher levels of parental ...


Assessment Of Suboptimal Effort Using The Cvlt-Ii Recognition Foils: A Known-Groups Comparison, Matias Mariani Jan 2011

Assessment Of Suboptimal Effort Using The Cvlt-Ii Recognition Foils: A Known-Groups Comparison, Matias Mariani

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The present study sought to generate an embedded effort index within the CVLT-II yes/no recognition trial using a known-groups design. Four types of recognition foils--i.e., novel/semantically unrelated (UN), novel/semantically related (PR), list B/semantically unrelated (BN), and list B/semantically related (BS)--as well as two composites--i.e., easy to reject foils (ETR) and difficult to reject foils (DTR)--were evaluated on their ability to distinguish between a group of 82 outpatients with moderate-severe traumatic brain injuries (TBI) and a group of 31 litigants meeting Slick et al. (1999) criteria for malingered neurocognitive dysfunction (MND). Separate ...


Differential Effects Of Gender On Perceptions Of Stalking Behaviour, Heather Finnegan Jan 2010

Differential Effects Of Gender On Perceptions Of Stalking Behaviour, Heather Finnegan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to examine the effect of gender on perceptions of stalking following the break-up of a romantic relationship. 349 university students were presented with stalking scenarios in which the gender of the target and pursuer of the stalking behaviour were systematically varied. Participants were asked to rate the degree to which they considered the behaviour stalking, how concerned they would be if this were happening to a friend, and the likelihood that they would recommend help-seeking. Individuals were equally as likely to rate potential stalking scenarios as stalking, regardless of actor gender. However, participants were significantly more likely ...


Factors That Influence Parents Toward Early Diagnosis Of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Debra Barrie Jan 2010

Factors That Influence Parents Toward Early Diagnosis Of Autism Spectrum Disorder, Debra Barrie

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study examined factors influencing parents toward obtaining early diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) for their children. Parents of children diagnosed with ASD at or before 30 months became concerned about development at an average of 16 months, while parents of children diagnosed later became concerned at 25 months. The younger children were at initial concern, the younger they received their diagnoses. Over 58% were referred for assessment of ASD by speech and language pathologists or occupational therapists. Parents reported that their persistence was a major factor in obtaining diagnoses. Parents described feelings of relief and gratitude when they ...


Psychosocial And Executive Functioning Of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact Of The "I Can Problem Solve" Program, Selena Hodsman Jan 2010

Psychosocial And Executive Functioning Of Children With Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Impact Of The "I Can Problem Solve" Program, Selena Hodsman

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Children with ADHD tend to exhibit interpersonal, adaptive, and cognitive difficulties. Previous research evaluating psychosocial interventions with this population has found inconsistent improvement in participants' interpersonal functioning, arguably because these programs do not effectively improve cognitive processes (e.g., self-regulation) that are critically related to this group's social difficulties. However, there is some evidence that the ICPS Program (Shure, 1992) is effective in improving psychosocial and executive functioning of children with ADHD. Five children with ADHD, aged 10 to 12, and their parents, participated in a five-week intervention. The case study method was used. One participant showed marked improvement ...


Evaluating The Best Of Coping Program: Enhancing Coping Skills In Adolescents, Alina Carter Jan 2010

Evaluating The Best Of Coping Program: Enhancing Coping Skills In Adolescents, Alina Carter

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the effectiveness of a coping skills program, called the Best of Coping (Frydenberg & Brandon, 2002), for a sample of 74 (33 male and 41 female) at-risk adolescents between 13 and 16 years of age. Data collection included pretreatment, posttreatment, and follow-up assessments, with the intervention (TM) group compared to a waitlist control (WL) group at pretest to posttest. Adolescents completed surveys on measures of stress, coping, perceived mastery, symptomatology, life satisfaction, and happiness. Parent and teacher surveys were also collected. The findings supported the utility of the BOC program in improving adolescent coping. The TM group reported ...


Hemispheric Differences In Semantic Priming Examined Across Handedness Groups, Andrea M. Coppens Jan 2010

Hemispheric Differences In Semantic Priming Examined Across Handedness Groups, Andrea M. Coppens

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The present study investigates hemispheric differences in semantic priming across handedness groups. A lexical decision task was administered to 87 individuals, classified into handedness groups: consistent right-handers; consistent left-handers; and inconsistent-handers. Participants were presented with strongly- and nonassociated category members in a visual half-field semantic priming task. The hypothesis was that the dominant hemisphere would have an advantage for strongly-associated category members, and the nondominant hemisphere would have an advantage for nonassociated category members. This effect was expected to be determined by handedness, where consistent right-handers have left-hemisphere language dominance, consistent left-handers have right-hemisphere dominance, and inconsistent-handers have no hemispheric ...


The Relation Between Parental Beliefs About Negative Emotions, Coping Socialization, And Child Anxiety In A Nonclinical Sample, Megan Duffett Jan 2010

The Relation Between Parental Beliefs About Negative Emotions, Coping Socialization, And Child Anxiety In A Nonclinical Sample, Megan Duffett

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined parents' beliefs about anxiety and emotion-related parenting styles (emotion coaching and parental rejection of emotion) as they related to child anxiety and coping socialization. Coping socialization also was explored as a mediator of the relation between parent cognitions and child anxiety. Participants included parents (n = 58) of children aged 3 to 12 years, in a nonclinical sample. Parents completed online questionnaires assessing their beliefs about emotions, coping socialization, and anxiety symptoms. Results indicated that parents who reported low emotion coaching and high parental beliefs about anxiety had children with greater anxiety, regardless of parent anxiety. Greater ...


The Long-Term Effects Of Posttraumatic Growth On Coping: The Roles Of Self-Efficacy And Ruminative Thought, Jennifer Marcus Jan 2010

The Long-Term Effects Of Posttraumatic Growth On Coping: The Roles Of Self-Efficacy And Ruminative Thought, Jennifer Marcus

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Research shows that traumatic events occur frequently within the general population. Posttraumatic growth (PTG), defined as personal and interpersonal improvements following the experience of traumatic events, has been the focus of positive psychologists for more than a decade. Few studies have asked how experiencing growth post-trauma relates to coping with later life stressors. The current study tested this relation and aimed to discover whether self-efficacy and rumination acted as mediators within a path model. Undergraduate students completed surveys regarding reactions to past traumatic events and coping strategies used for current stressors. The hypothesized model was found to be an adequate ...


Reading Deficits In Pregnant Teens: Implications For Policy And Practice, Jessica Menard Jan 2010

Reading Deficits In Pregnant Teens: Implications For Policy And Practice, Jessica Menard

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The present study examined the relationship between teen pregnancy and reading achievement. Girls ages 14 to 17 who were pregnant at the time of testing (n=3) and girls who had never been pregnant (n=19) were compared on measures of reading achievement. Specifically, the WRAT-4 was used to measure lower-order single word reading and spelling skills, and the TOWRE and the NDRT were used to measure higher-order reading fluency and comprehension. A MANOVA was conducted to investigate whether there was a difference between pregnant and never-pregnant teens in one or more domains of reading achievement. Results did not indicate ...


Understanding Motivation To Abstain From Pathological Gambling: The Influence Of Negative Expectancies And Moderation Inefficacy, Amanda Robinson Jan 2010

Understanding Motivation To Abstain From Pathological Gambling: The Influence Of Negative Expectancies And Moderation Inefficacy, Amanda Robinson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The present investigation aimed to test a theory-guided model of problem gambling cessation in a sample who were quitting without professional assistance. The main hypothesis was that higher levels of moderation inefficacy (MIE) and higher levels of negative outcome expectancies (NOE) would combine to produce higher levels of both readiness to change (RTC) and commitment to abstinence (CTA). Respondents consisted of 62 community-dwelling problematic gamblers whose change goal was abstinence. Regression and moderation analyses were performed. Results showed that higher levels of NOE predicted residual criterion variance in RTC, but not CTA. MIE was not found to be a significant ...


Second Language Proficiency: Self-Report Vs. Objective Measures And Relationship With Sentential Priming In The Processing Of Interlingual Homographs., Jordan Urlacher Jan 2010

Second Language Proficiency: Self-Report Vs. Objective Measures And Relationship With Sentential Priming In The Processing Of Interlingual Homographs., Jordan Urlacher

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Bilingual lexical access is apparently exhaustive: representations from both languages are activated when reading in either language. This study investigated the roles of proficiency and word frequency in bilingual processing using interlingual homographs; words with identical orthography across two languages but different meanings. Semantic representations from both languages should be activated, resulting in inhibition of the incorrect meaning. Participants read sentences ending with homographs in their second language, French, and a lexical decision followed. Some stimuli were translations of English homograph meanings to French; lingering semantic inhibition was expected to influence reaction time to these stimuli. Lexical decisions were longer ...


Willingness To Seek Professional Psychological Help Among Canadians Of African Descent: A Culturally Based Help-Seeking Model, Justine Joseph Jan 2010

Willingness To Seek Professional Psychological Help Among Canadians Of African Descent: A Culturally Based Help-Seeking Model, Justine Joseph

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Attempts to address systemic barriers to accessing mental health services have often been unable to generate adequate credibility and improve service use among members of ethnic minority communities. Such outcomes have resulted in calls to consider the role of psychological and cultural factors in the underutilization of mental health services. The present study examines psychological and cultural antecedents to seeking professional psychological help among Canadians of African descent (N=193). Using path analysis, Cramer's (1999) model of psychological help-seeking behaviour was tested for its generalizability to Canadians of African descent. Overall, Cramer's model did not fit the data ...


Distinct Memory Profiles In Children With Learning Disabilities: A Neuropsychological Perspective, Bethany Pollock Jan 2010

Distinct Memory Profiles In Children With Learning Disabilities: A Neuropsychological Perspective, Bethany Pollock

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

A great deal of research has focused on memory dysfunction in children with learning disabilities. However, findings have been inconsistent which may be attributed to the limitations inherent in the approaches previously used in this area. Given the heterogeneous nature of learning disabilities, the current study examined performance on the Wide Range Assessment of Memory and Learning- Second Edition (WRAML2) to identify reliable and meaningful memory profiles in children and adolescents diagnosed with a learning disability. A total of 101 children and adolescents between the ages of 9 and 16 diagnosed with a learning disability were included in this study ...


Attachment Dimensions And Depressive Symptoms: Mediating Effects Of Social Support Seeking And Loneliness Among First Year Undergraduate Students, Anna Arcuri Jan 2009

Attachment Dimensions And Depressive Symptoms: Mediating Effects Of Social Support Seeking And Loneliness Among First Year Undergraduate Students, Anna Arcuri

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The objectives of the current study were to a) assess the mediating role of loneliness in the relationship between insecure adult attachment (i.e., attachment-related anxiety and attachment-related avoidance) and depressive symptoms and b) assess the mediating role of indirect social support seeking (e.g., complaining about a problem without requesting help) and avoidance of social support seeking (e.g., following through with tasks independently) in the relationship between insecure adult attachment and loneliness and subsequent depressive symptoms. One hundred sixty-nine first-year undergraduate participants completed measures that assessed depressive symptoms, adult attachment, social support seeking, and loneliness. Structural Equation Modelling ...


Health Or Harm? Exercise Dependence And Its Effects On Body Satisfaction And Self-Esteem, Ian Bishop Jan 2009

Health Or Harm? Exercise Dependence And Its Effects On Body Satisfaction And Self-Esteem, Ian Bishop

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the present study was to better understand the inconsistent outcomes of exercise and exercise dependence on body satisfaction and self-esteem. Ninety-nine women completed measures assessing exercise dependence (i.e., excessive and compulsive exercise), reasons for exercising, positive and negative perfectionism (i.e., whether high standards are pursued to achieve positive outcomes or to avoid negative ones, respectively), body satisfaction, and self-esteem. A series of mediation analyses, hierarchical regression analyses, and a path analysis revealed that women who are positive perfectionists experience better body satisfaction and self-esteem in association with exercise, and women who are negative perfectionists experience ...


The Contributions Of Emotional Engagement With Trauma Material To Outcome In Two Versions Of Emotion Focused Trauma Therapy (Eftt), Helen Chagigiorgis Jan 2009

The Contributions Of Emotional Engagement With Trauma Material To Outcome In Two Versions Of Emotion Focused Trauma Therapy (Eftt), Helen Chagigiorgis

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The present study had two objectives. The first was to examine the contributions of emotional engagement with trauma material to outcome in two versions of EFTT, each employing a different reexperiencing procedure. These procedures are the IC and empathic exploration (EE) of trauma memories with the therapist. The second objective was to investigate the relative predictive validity of different measurement perspectives of emotional engagement to outcome in the two versions of EFTT. Clients were randomly assigned to therapy condition. Alliance quality was measured with client self-reports on the Working Alliance Inventory (WAI; Horvath & Greenberg, 1989). Emotional engagement was measured through observer-ratings of videotaped sessions employing the IC and EE procedure using the Levels of Engagement Scale (LES; Paivio et al., 2001) and client self-reports ...


The Influence Of Family Violence And Attitudes Toward Help-Seeking On Adolescents' Intent To Seek Help For Intimate Partner Aggression, Kelly Anthony-Brown Jan 2009

The Influence Of Family Violence And Attitudes Toward Help-Seeking On Adolescents' Intent To Seek Help For Intimate Partner Aggression, Kelly Anthony-Brown

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Adolescents' exposure to interparental violence and adolescents' perceptions of parents' attitudes towards help-seeking were investigated to determine whether these two factors have an influence on adolescents' intent to seek help for their own dating violence. Participants were 234 high school and undergraduate females ranging in age from 16 to 19 years old. Participants completed questionnaires assessing their level of exposure to violence between their parents as well as perceptions of how parents feel about seeking help for problems. Adolescents' own attitudes about help seeking, experiences of child abuse, perceived stigma regarding help-seeking, and severity of dating violence were also measured ...


Social Skill Deficits And Male-Perpetrated Dating Violence, Sarah Setchell Jan 2009

Social Skill Deficits And Male-Perpetrated Dating Violence, Sarah Setchell

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The objective of the present study was to identify social skill deficits associated with male-perpetrated physical, psychological, and sexual dating violence. Male university students between the ages of 17 and 25 years completed an online survey (N = 230). Logistic regression analyses suggested that self-reported perpetration of physical assault was associated with the use of more dominating conflict resolution strategies, a greater tendency to attribute negative intentions to partner behaviors, and less perspective taking ability. In addition, psychological aggression was associated with the use of more escalating anger management strategies and compromising conflict resolution strategies after controlling for social desirability. Finally ...


Depth Of Experiencing As A Client Prognostic Variable In Emotion-Focused Therapy For Adult Survivors Of Childhood Abuse., Lori K. Robichaud Jan 2004

Depth Of Experiencing As A Client Prognostic Variable In Emotion-Focused Therapy For Adult Survivors Of Childhood Abuse., Lori K. Robichaud

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The term "experiencing" has been used to describe the quality of clients' engagement with their own internal experience (e.g., thoughts, feelings, images) during therapy. The present study investigated the relationship between depth of experiencing as a client characteristic and outcomes in Emotion-Focused Therapy for Adult Survivors of Child Abuse (EFT-AS). The study utilized archival data (audiotaped treatment sessions and self-report outcome measures) collected from 37 EFT-AS clients, who were dealing with issues of past emotional, physical, or sexual childhood abuse (Paivio & Nieuwenhuis, 2001). Clients' depth of experiencing was rated early in the therapy process during clients' discussion of core issues related to past abuse. Selected segments were transcribed and then rated using the Experiencing Scale (EXP; Klein, Mathieu-Coughlan, & Kiesler, 1986). A series of hierarchical multiple regressions were used to determine whether deeper levels of ...


Neuropsychological Differentiation Of Children And Adults With And Without Non-Psychotic, Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder., Saadia-Anne. Ahmad Jan 2004

Neuropsychological Differentiation Of Children And Adults With And Without Non-Psychotic, Unipolar Major Depressive Disorder., Saadia-Anne. Ahmad

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The current investigation was conducted to see if it would be possible to differentiate groups of participants with and without depression based on data from a comprehensive neuropsychological assessment. The first goal was to apply cluster analytic algorithms to the neuropsychological data for participants with and without depression. This was conducted in separate procedures for the child and adult groups. The second goal was to examine the internal validity of the groups, using multiple clustering algorithms. The third goal was to examine if internally valid solutions represented groups or subgroups that were comprised by a large majority of participants with ...


Predictors Of Treatment-Seeking In Women With Subthreshold And Full-Syndrome Bulimia., Jeremy. Frank Jan 2004

Predictors Of Treatment-Seeking In Women With Subthreshold And Full-Syndrome Bulimia., Jeremy. Frank

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Despite the fact that a variety of treatments for psychological disorders have been shown to be effective, a significant proportion of individuals who experience psychological problems do not seek professional help. Women with bulimia are particularly unlikely to seek help, with lower help seeking rates than those of individuals with other common psychological disorders (Smalec & Klingle, 2000). In the current study, qualitative interviews of 11 women with bulimic symptoms and 17 clinicians with expertise in the treatment of bulimia resulted in the development of a 53-item self-report measure of bulimic exclusive treatment fears. In a second quantitative stage of study ...


An Empirically Derived Typology Of Behaviour Problems Based On Parent Ratings Of Preschool Children., Mohsan R. Beg Jan 2003

An Empirically Derived Typology Of Behaviour Problems Based On Parent Ratings Of Preschool Children., Mohsan R. Beg

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current study was to build upon prior efforts to produce a meaningful typology of preschool children's behaviour problems. Distinct empirically-derived subtypes were identified through the use of cluster analytic techniques and the reliability and validity of generated subtypes was tested. Archival data were collected on a sample of 268 children, aged 2 1/2 to 5-years old, who were referred for an initial screening to determine their suitability for an Assessment/Day treatment program within a preschool children's mental health centre. Parents of the referred children had completed the Parent Rating Scales for Preschool ...


An Examination Of Health-Related Quality Of Life For Individuals With Hiv-Infection., Aiko. Yamamoto Jan 2003

An Examination Of Health-Related Quality Of Life For Individuals With Hiv-Infection., Aiko. Yamamoto

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

With the improvements in morbidity and mortality as a result of new antiretroviral treatments, the examination of health related quality of life (HRQOL) has become an important consideration of client care. This study was a 15-month prospective examination of the underlying factor structure, test-retest reliability, and clinical utility of the widely used Medical Outcomes Study-HIV HRQOL instrument (MOS-HIV). Factor analysis of the MOS-HIV Physical Function, Role Function, Pain, Social Function, Overall Health, Fatigue, Cognitive Function, Health Distress, Quality of Life, and Mental Health dimensions resulted in mental health (MHS) and physical health (PHS) summary factors. Analysis of the individual MOS-HIV ...


Young Adult Parasuicidal Behaviour, Problematic Love Relationships, And Shame., Michael Edward Anthony. Oosterhoff Jan 2003

Young Adult Parasuicidal Behaviour, Problematic Love Relationships, And Shame., Michael Edward Anthony. Oosterhoff

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to address the absence of psychological theory explaining the nature of young adult parasuicide by moving beyond the generic demographic and epidemiological correlates and developing a more focussed and practically viable conception of the psychological processes involved. Three hundred twenty-seven young adults (ages 18--25) were recruited to develop this psychological conception. Building upon past investigation that demonstrated problematic romantic and family relationships were related to depression and suicidal behaviour in young adults, this current research examined three additional developmentally relevant variables. These variables, shame, self diversity, and interpersonal dependence, are conceptually linked with the ...


The Effect Of Depression On Memory Performance Following Traumatic Brain Injury., Michelle Anne. Keiski Jan 2003

The Effect Of Depression On Memory Performance Following Traumatic Brain Injury., Michelle Anne. Keiski

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the current study was to compare the memory performance of depressed TBI subjects and non-depressed TBI subjects. The hypothesis was that differences between the groups would emerge on the recall and/or recognition components of the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) and the Rey Complex Figure Test (RCFT), after covarying a composite score reflecting neuropsychological impairment. The neuropsychological test results of 76 subjects who had sustained mild to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) were obtained retrospectively. The subjects were classified as depressed or non-depressed on the basis of depression scores on the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI). The ...


Comparing Wais-Iii Profiles Of Traumatic Brain Injury And Chronic Pain., Cherisse Margo. Mckay Jan 2003

Comparing Wais-Iii Profiles Of Traumatic Brain Injury And Chronic Pain., Cherisse Margo. Mckay

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a common neuropsychological phenomenon characterized by both behavioural and cognitive sequelae, the most common of which include working memory and information processing deficits. To improve its usefulness as a neuropsychological measure, the newest revision of the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale, the WAIS-III, developed specific tasks tapping these deficits (e.g., Symbol Search, Letter-Number Sequencing). Despite considerable research examining WAIS performance in TBI sufferers, previous research failed to compare TBI sufferers to other clinical groups with observed processing speed deficits, such as chronic pain sufferers. This study compared the WAIS-III profiles of both mild and moderate-severe ...


Attachment, Individuation, And Perceptions Of Early Caregiver Relationships Among Suicidal And Non-Suicidal Adolescents., David Michael. Ledgerwood Jan 2003

Attachment, Individuation, And Perceptions Of Early Caregiver Relationships Among Suicidal And Non-Suicidal Adolescents., David Michael. Ledgerwood

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This study sought to investigate how attachment, individuation, perceptions of family life, and family related experiences and relationships contribute to our understanding of suicidal ideation and attempt in adolescents. Adolescent volunteers (N = 153, 98 female and 55 male) recruited from four youth centers in Southwestern Ontario participated in a survey. Participants completed a series of questionnaires consisting of questions about early experiences (e.g., close relationships, abuse, addiction, suicide history), attachment in romantic relationships, emotional autonomy from parents, relationship with parents, perceptions of family life, depression and suicidal ideation. Results revealed significant differences based on suicide history (i.e., past ...


Motivational Versus Directive Interventions In The Treatment Of Eating Disorders: Adolescents' Perspectives., Shannon Lorraine. Zaitsoff Jan 2003

Motivational Versus Directive Interventions In The Treatment Of Eating Disorders: Adolescents' Perspectives., Shannon Lorraine. Zaitsoff

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Few studies have examined readiness and motivation for change in adolescents with eating disorders, or the effectiveness of motivational interventions in this population. Purposes. To examine the perceptions of adolescents' with eating disorders toward written descriptions of motivational and directive interventions in relation to engagement in treatment, and how these perceptions relate to adolescents' own readiness and motivation for change. To explore factors that adolescents with eating disorders identify as important in influencing engagement in therapy. Methods. Thirty-nine female adolescents recruited from eating disorder programs participated in this research. Participants were interviewed using hypothetical vignettes depicting motivational and directive interventions ...