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Theses/Dissertations

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

2003

Criminology and Penology.

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Self-Control Vs. Social Control As An Explanation For Delinquency., Marcel Joseph. Parent Jan 2003

Self-Control Vs. Social Control As An Explanation For Delinquency., Marcel Joseph. Parent

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Although Gottfredson and Hirschi's (1990) General Theory of Crime has received much more attention over the last decade than that of Hirschi's (1969) Social Control Theory, it is imperative that the latter theory's contribution not be overlooked. Social Control Theory posits that delinquent acts result when an individuals bond to society is weak or broken. Hirschi proposed that the four elements comprising the social bond are attachment, commitment, involvement and belief. Due to the shortcomings of Social Control Theory's ability to explain delinquency, Gottfredson in collaboration with Hirschi (1990) formulated the General Theory of Crime. At ...


Walking The Contested Terrain: An Exploration Of The Lifer Identity Post-Release And Its Role In Reintegration., Catherine Lynn. Brooke Jan 2003

Walking The Contested Terrain: An Exploration Of The Lifer Identity Post-Release And Its Role In Reintegration., Catherine Lynn. Brooke

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research is to explore the identity of life-sentenced inmates ('lifers') after they are released from prison and the impact of identity on reintegration. This research is based on the literature that argues that inmates develop a convict identity while in prison. Few studies, however, follow these convicts after they are released; thus, little is known about the fate of the convict identity. Based on role exit theory and role transition literature, it was expected that lifers would be required to shed their identity as lifers and assume a straight identity for successful reintegration. Seven lifers were ...


Sex Offenders And The Criminal Justice System: An Exploration Of Public Opinion., Michelle Anne. Coghlan Jan 2003

Sex Offenders And The Criminal Justice System: An Exploration Of Public Opinion., Michelle Anne. Coghlan

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

This action-based research explored public opinion about sex offenses and how the criminal justice system should handle sex offenders, especially at the time of their release from prison and reintegration into the community. Sex offenses are crimes that people fear and they look to the criminal justice system for a solution to reduce fear and increase community safety. To date, previous work has largely neglected public opinion related to the treatment and release of sex offenders. Yet, public perceptions and beliefs can produce strong advocacy movements and attract considerable media attention. Qualitative methods were used to gather information from people ...


The Serial Murder Of Sex Workers: The Social Construction Of Serial Killers By Sex Worker Advocacy Groups., Heidi Rebecca Charlotte. Baker Jan 2003

The Serial Murder Of Sex Workers: The Social Construction Of Serial Killers By Sex Worker Advocacy Groups., Heidi Rebecca Charlotte. Baker

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

Historic, academic and popular discourses on the serial murder of prostitutes have failed to incorporate the voices of victimized sex workers and their advocates. To fill this void, this thesis investigates how the serial murder of prostitutes is socially constructed by sex worker advocacy groups. Using standard content analysis techniques, it analyzes on-line texts generated by sex worker advocacy groups that are seeking to raise awareness of the victimization of sex workers by serial murderers. It additionally analyzes on-line news media accounts of these advocacy efforts beyond the Internet. Advocacy efforts have brought victimization of prostitutes to public attention and ...


Policing The Corporate Image: A Case Study Of In-House Security Governance And The Management Of Risk In A Mass Private Property In Canada., Steven David. Hutchinson Jan 2003

Policing The Corporate Image: A Case Study Of In-House Security Governance And The Management Of Risk In A Mass Private Property In Canada., Steven David. Hutchinson

Electronic Theses and Dissertations

'Mass private properties' such as shopping malls, hotel complexes, and large educational, manufacturing and industrial sites increasingly operate as sites of public and social life. Since private interests reign over the policing of these spaces, public life that was once protected and controlled by the state is now policed by private institutions. These changes have resulted in a significant rise in the number of private security personnel employed in Canada, where there are now more than twice as many private security agents as there are public police officers. This development has expanded the ambit of authority held by the 'private ...