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Theses/Dissertations

DePaul University

2009

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The Effects Of Abusive Supervision And Social Support On Workplace Aggression, Kimberly D. Reynolds Dec 2009

The Effects Of Abusive Supervision And Social Support On Workplace Aggression, Kimberly D. Reynolds

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

This paper investigates the buffering effects of organizational support on workplace aggression. This paper examined how three potential causes of workplace aggression; abusive supervision, social retaliation victimization and work retaliation victimization can be ameliorated by organizational support. Regression analysis supports that individuals who receive social support are less likely to display workplace aggression. Results also indicated while organizational support does provide a buffering effect on workplace aggression, organizational support is not a factor in whether individuals view themselves as victims of social and work retaliation. Finally, workplace retaliation victimization is a predictor of abusive supervision but social retaliation victimization is ...


Aspirations And Expectations In Latino Youth: The Role Of Barriers And Support In The Transition Out Of High School, Rachel M. Feuer Dec 2009

Aspirations And Expectations In Latino Youth: The Role Of Barriers And Support In The Transition Out Of High School, Rachel M. Feuer

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

This study uses a possible selves framework to examine the future aspirations and expectation of Latino youth in the transition from high school. A mixed-methods design was used to explore the nature of youth's educational and occupational aspirations and expectations, including the gaps between expectations and aspirations and the gaps between expectations and behavior, and to examine the role of barriers and social support in youth's aspirations and expectations. Thirty-two Latino adolescents completed a quantitative survey while seniors in high school and then participated in one-on-one qualitative interviews on year later during their transition from high school. Results ...


An Ecological Approach On The Role Of Nondisclosure In Urban African American Youth Exposed To Community Violence: Using Mediation And Moderated Mediation Approaches, Sonya Jane Mathies Dinizulu Dec 2009

An Ecological Approach On The Role Of Nondisclosure In Urban African American Youth Exposed To Community Violence: Using Mediation And Moderated Mediation Approaches, Sonya Jane Mathies Dinizulu

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

African American youth residing in high risk neighborhoods, characterized by violence, crime, and poverty have been shown to be at increased risk for exposure to violence and psychological symptoms, and there has been little investigation of mediating processes that might explain these association. Due to the poor current state of mental health of low income ethnic minority youth, it is important to investigate the role of nondisclosure as a risk factor affecting psychological outcomes in urban African American adolescents from high risk neighborhoods. Nondisclosure among urban African American adolescents from neighborhoods affected by violence is associated with adverse psychological outcomes ...


Plato's Analogical Thought, Holly G. Moore Dec 2009

Plato's Analogical Thought, Holly G. Moore

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

The philosophical concept of analogy is fundamental to the theory of imaging that characterizes Plato’s metaphysics, cosmology, and methodology. While Plato never explicitly conceptualizes the philosophical role of analogy, his dialogues are rife with analogies and images that are often pivotal to the thought expressed there. An analysis of celebrated analogies such as the sun and the good in the Republic, the “second sailing” in the Phaedo, the “receptacle” (chōra) in the Timaeus, and the example of weaving in the Statesman reveals that even if the theory each elucidates is not explicitly concerned with analogy, the theories these images ...


Linguistic Ambiguity In Language-Based Jokes, Sarah Seewoester Nov 2009

Linguistic Ambiguity In Language-Based Jokes, Sarah Seewoester

College of Communication Master of Arts Theses

The purpose of this study was to (1) identify patterns in joke type, word class, word class progressions, use of morphologic/syllabic mechanisms, and compound word manipulations in the “serious” and “humorous” interpretations of puns, (2) compare results with two previous studies (Attardo et al. 1994b and Bucaria 2004) and delineate discrepancies, and (3) to explore how language pattern(s) in English puns contribute to our theoretical understanding of linguistic interpretation.

From a collection of 6,000 puns published online, 225 were randomly chosen and analyzed for alliterative, phonological, lexical, and syntactic categorizations, as well as for patterns in word ...


An Ecological Perspective On The Role Of Nondisclosure In Urban African American Adolescents Exposed To Community Violence: Using Mediation And Moderated Mediation Approaches, Sonya Jane Mathies Dinizulu Nov 2009

An Ecological Perspective On The Role Of Nondisclosure In Urban African American Adolescents Exposed To Community Violence: Using Mediation And Moderated Mediation Approaches, Sonya Jane Mathies Dinizulu

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

The present study examines Community Exposure to Violence, Nondisclosure, Parent- Child Attachment, and Social Support, as potential risk and protective factors in a school-based sample of urban African American adolescents. This study also presents an ecological perspective on the role of Nondisclosure in urban African American early adolescents. The Ecological Systems Theory (Bronfenbrenner, 1979) examines a child’s development within the context of systems of relationships that form his or her environment, such as the microsystem (i.e., a system in which the adolescent has direct contact). Particularly, this study tested conceptual models in which adolescents’ nondisclosure to adults (a ...


Coping Styles Of African American Youth Living In Poverty: Understanding The Role Of Coping In Resiliency, Sophia N. Thompson Nov 2009

Coping Styles Of African American Youth Living In Poverty: Understanding The Role Of Coping In Resiliency, Sophia N. Thompson

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Coping styles of African American youth living in poverty is investigated in order to understand which coping styles are associated with resiliency for the population and expand on previous findings of Gaylord-Harden and colleagues' (2008) coping style cluster analysis of urban African American youth. As part of a larger study, the current study surveyed 143 African American youth on the basis of their coping styles, and ocping groups were compared cross-sectionally on psychological and behavioral outcomes and risk factors. In longitudinal analyses, coping group membership was used to predict later outcomes and risk. Results indicated a three-cluster solution with high ...


Effects Of Stereotyping On Mood, Ovidiu Dobria Nov 2009

Effects Of Stereotyping On Mood, Ovidiu Dobria

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

The study investigated the influence of stereotyping on mood. It was hypothesized that people who were able to solve a problem by applying a stereotype will experience more positive affect compared to people who could not, and that the relationship between stereotyping and mood was mediated by effort and by certainty. 70 undergraduates were asked to predict the academic trajectory of a college applicant based on information provided by a typed college application form and by an essay. For half the participants the applicant was identified as Asian; for the others, the applicant was Anglo. The essay provided information that ...


Investigation Of Montmorillonite Clay-Mediated Reactions Of Aldehydes, Yawo A. Mondjinou Nov 2009

Investigation Of Montmorillonite Clay-Mediated Reactions Of Aldehydes, Yawo A. Mondjinou

College of Liberal Arts & Social Sciences Theses and Dissertations

Montmorillonite clays are employed as effective and environmentally benign heterogeneous catalysts for several reactions of aldehydes: (1) the hetero-Diels-Alder reaction of aromatic aldehydes with 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene to give dihydropyran products; (2) the cyclotrimerization of aliphatic aldehydes; (3) the oxidation of aliphatic aldehydes to the corresponding carboxylic acids; (4) the addition of allyltrimethylsilane to electron deficient benzaldehydes to give homoallylic silyl ethers. The hetero-Diels-Alder and allyl silation reactions are effected in the presence of heat- activated Montmorillonite K10 clay, at room temperature or below, in the presence of minimal solvent. A temperature dependent equilibrium is observed for the cyclotrimerization of ...


The Association Between Task Conflict, Relationship Conflict, And Peer Performance Appraisals, Marc Anthony Lukasik Jun 2009

The Association Between Task Conflict, Relationship Conflict, And Peer Performance Appraisals, Marc Anthony Lukasik

College of Science and Health Theses and Dissertations

This investigation examined the association between relationship conflict, task conflict, and peer appraisals of performance.The association between conflict types and performance appraisals was examined using both the group as a referent (i.e., members provide overall ratings representing the group as a whole), as well as an individual as a referent (i.e., members rate an individual member of the group). In an effort to best explain these associations, several moderating variables proposed in the literature were examined in conjunction with conflict types and performance. These moderators included task routineness, trust, and cooperative goal interdependence.

The study was conducted ...


Educational Leaders Perceptions Of Emotional Intelligence And How It Effects Their Professional Practice, Yaffa Krugliak Lahat Jun 2009

Educational Leaders Perceptions Of Emotional Intelligence And How It Effects Their Professional Practice, Yaffa Krugliak Lahat

College of Education Theses and Dissertations

Researchers argue that Emotional Intelligence (EI) plays a key role in effective and successful leadership (Goleman et al., 2004; Rosete & Ciarrochi, 2005; Chan, 2007). Although other researchers claimed that these assertions lean "little empirical support" (Ciarrochi, Deane & Anderson, 2002), Goleman, Boyatzis, and McKee (2004) assert that EI is essential for leadership because leaders work through emotions and their primal job is emotional. With most of this research done in the business world, this study focuses on the role of EI in educational leadership. The purposes of this study are to explore and to construct new knowledge regarding educational leaders' perceptions of EI ...


The Role Of A Literacy Coach In Supporting Instructional Improvement And Student Achievement, Holly Jo Murer Jun 2009

The Role Of A Literacy Coach In Supporting Instructional Improvement And Student Achievement, Holly Jo Murer

College of Education Theses and Dissertations

Using qualitative research methods, this study examines the professional development model of literacy coaching. Literacy coaches and classroom teachers were interviewed to explore the work of literacy coaching. The findings of this study indicate the importance of relationship building as part of the work of literacy coaching. It also indicates that literacy coaching is ongoing and requires a significant amount of time for implementation. Additionally, the principal not only has a significant impact on setting the purpose and providing support for literacy coaching but also impacting the teachers’ use of time within a school. Also, systemic support within a school ...


Improving Automated Requirements Trace Retrieval Through Term-Based Enhancement Strategies, Xuchang Zou Apr 2009

Improving Automated Requirements Trace Retrieval Through Term-Based Enhancement Strategies, Xuchang Zou

College of Computing and Digital Media Dissertations

Requirements traceability is concerned with managing and documenting the life of requirements. Its primary goal is to support critical software development activities such as evaluating whether a generated software system satisfies the specified set of requirements, checking that all requirements have been implemented by the end of the lifecycle, and analyzing the impact of proposed changes on the system. Various approaches for improving requirements traceability practices have been proposed in recent years. Automated traceability methods that utilize information retrieval (IR) techniques have been recognized to effectively support the trace generation and retrieval process. IR based approaches not only significantly reduce ...