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2006

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Law And Public Policy Support Lockyer's Suit Against Auto Manufacturers For Co2 Emissions, Clifford Rechtschaffen, Sean B. Hecht Dec 2006

Law And Public Policy Support Lockyer's Suit Against Auto Manufacturers For Co2 Emissions, Clifford Rechtschaffen, Sean B. Hecht

Publications

Controversy has followed Attorney General Bill Lockyer’s decision earlier this fall to sue the six largest automakers, alleging that car emissions constitute a public nuisance because they contribute to global warming. Some even have dismissed the lawsuit as election year grandstanding. To the contrary, the Attorney General should be applauded for creatively using a venerable legal tool to protect California’s environment and to plug a gaping hole left by federal failures in this area.


Identifying Economic Indicators For Ecosystem-Based Management:, Scott Norris Dec 2006

Identifying Economic Indicators For Ecosystem-Based Management:, Scott Norris

Publications

In America and across the world, the use of ecosystem-based management is

increasing. One of the primary challenges faced in using this method of management is the integration of economic data and environmental information. This report explores the use of a new tool for integrating economic data, ecosystem-based economic indicators, in a case study of Elkhorn Slough National Estuarine Research Reserve, an estuarine environment located in Monterey County, CA. Research and literature reviews were used to detail the economic activities of the area, in order to identify possible indicators,criteria for evaluating the indicators, and potential sources of indicator data ...


A Perception Based, Domain Specific Expert System For Question-Answering Support, Raheel Ahmad, Shahram Rahimi Dec 2006

A Perception Based, Domain Specific Expert System For Question-Answering Support, Raheel Ahmad, Shahram Rahimi

Publications

The current search engine technologies mostly use a keyword based searching mechanism, which does not have any deductive abilities. There is an urgent need for a more intelligent question-answering system that will provide a more intuitive, natural language interface, and more accurate and direct search results. The introduction of Computing with Words (CwW) provides a new theoretical base for developing frameworks with support for dealing with information in natural language. This paper proposes a domain specific question-answering system based on Fuzzy Expert Systems using CwW. In order to perform the translation of natural language based information into a standard format ...


Tragent: A Multi-Agent System For Stock Exchange, Raju Tatikunta, Shahram Rahimi, Pranav Shrestha, Johan Bjursel Dec 2006

Tragent: A Multi-Agent System For Stock Exchange, Raju Tatikunta, Shahram Rahimi, Pranav Shrestha, Johan Bjursel

Publications

TrAgent is a software-agent based model for a stock exchange such as the New York Stock Exchange and the procedure of trading securities on the trading floor. The model comprises the complete process from the initiation of a trading order until its execution. The software agent paradigm is the framework for implementing the proposed model. The properties of intelligent software agents meet the characteristics of the actors on the trading floor and provide capabilities for efficient distributed computing. Because of the space restriction, the main focus of this paper is on stock broker agent, one of the most important agents ...


Oscillation Criteria For First-Order Forced Nonlinear Difference Equations, Ravi P. Agarwal, Said R. Grace, Tim Smith Dec 2006

Oscillation Criteria For First-Order Forced Nonlinear Difference Equations, Ravi P. Agarwal, Said R. Grace, Tim Smith

Publications

Some new criteria for the oscillation of first-order forced nonlinear difference equations are established.


Early-Time Chromatic Variations In The Wind-Swept Medium Of Grb 021211 And The Faintness Of Its Afterglow, M. C. Nysewander, D. E. Reichart, H.-S. Park, G. G. Williams, K. Kinugasa, D. Q. Lamb, A. A. Henden, S. Klose, T. Kato, A Harper, H Yamaoka, C Laws, K Torii, D G. York, J C. Barentine, J Dembicky, R J. Mcmillan, J A. Moran, Dieter H. Hartmann, B Ketzeback, M B. Bayliss, J A. Crain, A C. Foster, M Schwartz, P Holvorcem, P A. Price, R Canterna, G B. Crew, G R. Ricker, S D. Barthelmy Nov 2006

Early-Time Chromatic Variations In The Wind-Swept Medium Of Grb 021211 And The Faintness Of Its Afterglow, M. C. Nysewander, D. E. Reichart, H.-S. Park, G. G. Williams, K. Kinugasa, D. Q. Lamb, A. A. Henden, S. Klose, T. Kato, A Harper, H Yamaoka, C Laws, K Torii, D G. York, J C. Barentine, J Dembicky, R J. Mcmillan, J A. Moran, Dieter H. Hartmann, B Ketzeback, M B. Bayliss, J A. Crain, A C. Foster, M Schwartz, P Holvorcem, P A. Price, R Canterna, G B. Crew, G R. Ricker, S D. Barthelmy

Publications

We present Follow-Up Network for Gamma-Ray Bursts (FUN GRB) Collaboration observations of the optical afterglow of GRB 021211 made between 143 s and 102 days after the burst. Our unique data set includes the earliest filtered detections and color information for an afterglow in the pre-Swift era. We find that the afterglow is best described by (1) a propagation through a wind-swept medium, (2) a cooling break that is blueward of the observed optical frequencies, and (3) a hard electron energy distribution. However, superimposed on this ‘‘standard model’’ behavior we find, one and possibly two, significant chromatic variations during the ...


Robust Control Techniques Enabling Duty Cycle Experiments Utilizing A 6-Dof Crewstation Motion Base, A Full Scale Combat Hybrid Electric Power System, And Long Distance Internet Communications, Marc Compere, Jarrett Goodell, Miguel Simon, Wilford Smith, Mark Brudnak Nov 2006

Robust Control Techniques Enabling Duty Cycle Experiments Utilizing A 6-Dof Crewstation Motion Base, A Full Scale Combat Hybrid Electric Power System, And Long Distance Internet Communications, Marc Compere, Jarrett Goodell, Miguel Simon, Wilford Smith, Mark Brudnak

Publications

The RemoteLink effort supports the U.S. Army's objective for developing and fielding next generation hybrid-electric combat vehicles. It is a distributed soldierin- the-Ioop and hardware-in-the-Ioop environment with a 6-DOF motion base for operator realism, a full-scale combat hybrid electric power system, and an operational context provided by OneSAF. The driver/gunner crewstations rest on one of two 6-DOF motion bases at the U.S. Army TARDEC Simulation Laboratory (TSL). The hybrid power system is located 2,450 miles away at the TARDEC Power and Energy System Integration Laboratory (P&E SIL). The primary technical challenge in the RemoteLink ...


"Don't You Mean 'Slaves,' Not 'Servants'?": Literary And Institutional Texts For An Interdisciplinary Classroom, Susanna Ashton Nov 2006

"Don't You Mean 'Slaves,' Not 'Servants'?": Literary And Institutional Texts For An Interdisciplinary Classroom, Susanna Ashton

Publications

Editor's Note: This article begins a semiregular feature in which contributors analyze "texts" that figure in the daily lives of college English teachers: e.g., syllabi, course descriptions, administrative decrees, departmental bylaws, college Web sites. Your proposals are invited. Here, Susanna Ashton describes how undergraduates in her class on representations of slavery studied the words, sounds, and images they encountered at a historical site on her campus: the former slave plantation of leading antebellum racist John C. Calhoun. She also analyzes how her school depicts this site on the


Predicting Residue Contacts Using Pragmatic Correlated Mutations Method: Reducing The False Positives, Petras J. Kundrotas, Emil Alexov Nov 2006

Predicting Residue Contacts Using Pragmatic Correlated Mutations Method: Reducing The False Positives, Petras J. Kundrotas, Emil Alexov

Publications

Background

Predicting residues' contacts using primary amino acid sequence alone is an important task that can guide 3D structure modeling and can verify the quality of the predicted 3D structures. The correlated mutations (CM) method serves as the most promising approach and it has been used to predict amino acids pairs that are distant in the primary sequence but form contacts in the native 3D structure of homologous proteins.

Results

Here we report a new implementation of the CM method with an added set of selection rules (filters). The parameters of the algorithm were optimized against fifteen high resolution crystal ...


The Suborned Subescrow, Roger Bernhardt Nov 2006

The Suborned Subescrow, Roger Bernhardt

Publications

This article examines a case involving subescrows, popular in southern California. They are not the same as true escrows, but their role if often blurred.


Electron-Dephasing Time In A Two-Dimensional Spin-Polarized System With Rashba Spin-Orbit Interaction, D C. Marinescu Oct 2006

Electron-Dephasing Time In A Two-Dimensional Spin-Polarized System With Rashba Spin-Orbit Interaction, D C. Marinescu

Publications

We calculate the dephasing time Bof an electron in a two-dimensional system with a Rashba spin-orbit interaction, spin-polarized by an arbitrarily large magnetic field parallel to the layer. B is estimated from the logarithmic corrections to the conductivity within a perturbative approach that assumes weak, isotropic disorder scattering. For any value of the magnetic field, the dephasing rate changes with respect to its unpolarized-state value by a universal function whose parameter is 2EZ=ESOI (EZ is the Zeeman energy, while ESOI is the spin-orbit interaction), confirming the experimental report published in Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 186805 (2005). In the high-field ...


Woody's Melindas And Todd's Stories: Complex Film Narratives In The Light Of Literary Modernism, Walter C. Metz Oct 2006

Woody's Melindas And Todd's Stories: Complex Film Narratives In The Light Of Literary Modernism, Walter C. Metz

Publications

This essay compares and contrasts the complex narrative strategies of two films: Woody Allen's Melinda and Melinda (2004), and Todd Solondz' Storytelling (2001).


The Grb 060218/Sn 2006aj Event In The Context Of Other Gamma-Ray Burst Supernovae, P. Ferreo, D. A. Kann, A. Zeh, S. Klose, E. Pian, E. Palazzi, N. Masetti, Dieter H. Hartmann, J. Sollerman, J. Deng, A V. Filippenko, J Greiner, M A. Hughes, P Mazzali, W Li, E Rol, R J. Smith, N R. Tanvir Oct 2006

The Grb 060218/Sn 2006aj Event In The Context Of Other Gamma-Ray Burst Supernovae, P. Ferreo, D. A. Kann, A. Zeh, S. Klose, E. Pian, E. Palazzi, N. Masetti, Dieter H. Hartmann, J. Sollerman, J. Deng, A V. Filippenko, J Greiner, M A. Hughes, P Mazzali, W Li, E Rol, R J. Smith, N R. Tanvir

Publications

The supernova SN 2006aj associated with GRB 060218 is the second-closest GRB-SN observed to date (z =0.033). We present Very Large Telescope, Liverpool Telescope, and Katzman Automatic Imaging Telescope multi-color photometry of SN 2006aj. This super-nova is found to be subluminous and rapidly evolving. Its early light curve includes an additional wavelength-dependent component, which can be interpreted as shock break-out. We compare the photometric evolution of multi-band light curves with the corresponding properties of the present sample of more than 10 GRB-SNe with precisely known redshifts. Using host-galaxy extinction measure-ments, we derive extinction-corrected GRB-SN luminosities and place SN 2006aj ...


Protcom: Searchable Database Of Protein Complexes Enhanced With Domain-Domain Structures, Petras Kundrotas, Emil Alexov Oct 2006

Protcom: Searchable Database Of Protein Complexes Enhanced With Domain-Domain Structures, Petras Kundrotas, Emil Alexov

Publications

The database of protein complexes (PROTCOM) is a compilation of known 3D structures of protein–protein complexes enriched with artificially created domain–domain structures using the available entries in the Protein Data Bank. The domain–domain structures are generated by parsing single chain structures into loosely connected domains and are important features of the database. The database (http://www.ces.clemson.edu/compbio/protcom) could be used for benchmarking purposes of the docking and other algorithms for predicting 3D structures of protein–protein complexes. The database can be utilized as a template database in the homology or threading methods for ...


Stress And Fatigue In Foreign Language Professionals: Implications For Global Security, James A. Mccubbin, June J. Pilcher, Thomas W. Britt, Thomas Wallsten Oct 2006

Stress And Fatigue In Foreign Language Professionals: Implications For Global Security, James A. Mccubbin, June J. Pilcher, Thomas W. Britt, Thomas Wallsten

Publications

Information critical to the security of nations is embedded in an array of foreign languages. Foreign language professionals must often analyze complex information from different language sources, and the integrity of their analyses can significantly affect corporate and government decision-making, policy development, and response to world events. Psychological stress and fatigue can degrade the performance of foreign language professionals resulting in errors that may adversely affect security. Optimal design of work organization and work environments, individual stress management training, and augmented cognitive linguistics may facilitate the performance of foreign language professionals. Strategic assessment and management of stress and fatigue in ...


When Neither Party Will Fix The Roof, Roger Bernhardt Oct 2006

When Neither Party Will Fix The Roof, Roger Bernhardt

Publications

This article discusses the conflict that arises in commercial property where neither tenant nor landlord has a duty to repair: the landlord may not evict and the tenant may not quit. The tenant may ultimately be held responsible for the repair under the duty to avoid waste.


Misindexed Documents, Roger Bernhardt Oct 2006

Misindexed Documents, Roger Bernhardt

Publications

No abstract provided.


Property Lessons In August Wilson's The Piano Lesson And The Wake Of Hurricane Katrina, Rachel A. Van Cleave Oct 2006

Property Lessons In August Wilson's The Piano Lesson And The Wake Of Hurricane Katrina, Rachel A. Van Cleave

Publications

No abstract provided.


Misindexed Documents, Roger Bernhardt Oct 2006

Misindexed Documents, Roger Bernhardt

Publications

This article discusses the absurdity of the majority rule holding that misindexed documents nevertheless give constructive notice.


United States Migration Law: Essentials For Comparison, Christian N. Okeke, James A.R. Nafziger Oct 2006

United States Migration Law: Essentials For Comparison, Christian N. Okeke, James A.R. Nafziger

Publications

The immigration and nationality law of the United States is complex. It is more the product of historical experience than logical design. In one memorable, often-quoted simile, the law bears "a striking resemblance" to "King Minos's labyrinth in ancient Crete." Perhaps only the internal revenue (tax) code and its voluminous regulations are more intricate. Given this complexity, we can only summarize United States migration law. The purpose of this article, as part of a transnational dialogue, is to locate the migration law of the United States within the framework of international migration law and to highlight the essential features ...


Liability And Responsibility Of The State Of Registration Or The Flag State In Respect Of Sea-Going Vessels, Aircraft And Spacecraft Registered By National Registration Authorities, Sompong Sucharitkul Oct 2006

Liability And Responsibility Of The State Of Registration Or The Flag State In Respect Of Sea-Going Vessels, Aircraft And Spacecraft Registered By National Registration Authorities, Sompong Sucharitkul

Publications

The topic selected for this report forms part of a broader picture: "the Liability of Registration authorities," which embraces a wider scope of enquiry, principally covering an infinite variety of international regulations within comparable national legal orders. Civil liability may require consideration of legal questions for which practical solution may only be found beyond the confines of internal law, in the choice of applicable law as part of private international law, or ultimately in the direct or indirect application of a rule of public international law, as recognized by States and incorporated in negotiated provisions of a Treaty.


Cluster Observations Of Reconnection Due To The Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability At The Dawnside Magnetospheric Flank, K. Nykyri, A. Otto, B. Lavraud, C. Mouikis, L. M. Kistler, A. Balogh, H. Rème Oct 2006

Cluster Observations Of Reconnection Due To The Kelvin-Helmholtz Instability At The Dawnside Magnetospheric Flank, K. Nykyri, A. Otto, B. Lavraud, C. Mouikis, L. M. Kistler, A. Balogh, H. Rème

Publications

On 3 July 2001, the four Cluster satellites traversed along the dawnside magnetospheric flank and observed large variations in all plasma parameters. The estimated magnetopause boundary normals were oscillating in the z-direction and the normal component of the magnetic field showed systematic ~2–3 min bipolar variations for 1 h when the IMF had a small positive bz-component and a Parker-spiral orientation in the x, y-plane. Brief ~33 s intervals with excellent deHoffman Teller frames were observed satisfying the Wal´en relation. Detailed comparisons with 2- D MHD simulations indicate that Cluster encountered rotational discontinuities generated by Kelvin-Helmholtz instability. We ...


The Effect Of Auditory And Visual Distracters On The Useful Field Of View: Implications For The Driving Task, Joanne Wood, Alex Chaparro, Louise Hickson, Nick Thyer, Philippa Carter, Julie Hancock, Adrene Hoe, Ivy Le, Louisa Sahetapy, Floravel Ybarzabal Oct 2006

The Effect Of Auditory And Visual Distracters On The Useful Field Of View: Implications For The Driving Task, Joanne Wood, Alex Chaparro, Louise Hickson, Nick Thyer, Philippa Carter, Julie Hancock, Adrene Hoe, Ivy Le, Louisa Sahetapy, Floravel Ybarzabal

Publications

PURPOSE. The driving environment is becoming increasingly complex, including both visual and auditory distractions within the in-vehicle and external driving environments. This study was designed to investigate the effect of visual and auditory distractions on a performance measure that has been shown to be related to driving safety, the useful field of view.

METHODS. A laboratory study recorded the useful field of view in 28 young visually normal adults (mean 22.6 +- 2.2 years). The useful field of view was measured in the presence and absence of visual distracters (of the same angular subtense as the target) and with ...


From Research Institution To Liberal Arts College: An Interview With Merrily Taylor, Eric C. Shoaf Oct 2006

From Research Institution To Liberal Arts College: An Interview With Merrily Taylor, Eric C. Shoaf

Publications

This article presents an interview with Merrily E. Taylor, the university librarian of Washington and Lee University in Lexington, Virginia. When asked on the similarities and difference of directing a small college library compared to a large one, Taylor states that it's the two libraries role to the institutional setting which makes them similar while it's their primary mission which makes them different. Taylor believes that her responsibility as a university librarian remains the same whether she is working for a small or large college library, it is the approach of carrying out the responsibilities which spells the ...


Neutrino Oscillation Effects On Supernova Light Element Synthesis, Takashi Yoshida, Toshitaka Kajino, Hidekazu Yokomakura, Keichi Kimura, Akira Takamura, Dieter H. Hartmann Sep 2006

Neutrino Oscillation Effects On Supernova Light Element Synthesis, Takashi Yoshida, Toshitaka Kajino, Hidekazu Yokomakura, Keichi Kimura, Akira Takamura, Dieter H. Hartmann

Publications

Neutrion oscillations affect light-element synthesis through the v-process in supernova explosions. The 7Li and 11B yields produced in a supernova explosion of a 16.2 M ⊙ star model increase by factors of 1.9 and 1.3 in the case of the large mixing angle solution with a normal mass hierarchy of sin^2 2θ13 >~ 2x10^-3 compared with those without the oscillations. In the case of an inerted mass hierarchy or a nonadiabatic 1-3 mixing resonance, the increment of their yields is much smaller. Neutrino oscillations raise the reaction rates of charged-current v-process reactions in the region outside oxygen-rich ...


Sustainability At Cal Poly, Facility Services, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo, Facilities Planning And Capital Projects, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo, Sustainability Advisory Committee, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo Sep 2006

Sustainability At Cal Poly, Facility Services, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo, Facilities Planning And Capital Projects, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo, Sustainability Advisory Committee, California Polytechnic State University - San Luis Obispo

Publications

This report is one of many attempts to quantify and track Cal Poly’s movement toward a “greener” campus. Efforts are underway to reduce reliance on automobile commuting to campus, to promote energy and water conservation, to recycle solid waste, and to incorporate “green” products and practices in new buildings and in campus operations. This report looks at measures of sustainability along several parameters. The results not only highlight various successes, but also suggest areas in which additional efforts are needed. We intend to update this report biennially.


Electrostatic Properties Of Protein-Protein Complexes, Petras J. Kundrotas, Emil Alexov Sep 2006

Electrostatic Properties Of Protein-Protein Complexes, Petras J. Kundrotas, Emil Alexov

Publications

Statistical electrostatic analysis of 37 protein-protein complexes extracted from the previously developed database of protein complexes (ProtCom, http://www.ces.clemson.edu/compbio/protcom) is presented. It is shown that small interfaces have a higher content of charged and polar groups compared to large interfaces. In a vast majority of the cases the average pKa shifts for acidic residues induced by the complex formation are negative, indicating that complex formation stabilizes their ionizable states, whereas the histidines are predicted to destabilize the complex. The individual pKa shifts show the same tendency since 80% of the interfacial acidic groups ...


Attorneys As Escrow Agents, Roger Bernhardt Sep 2006

Attorneys As Escrow Agents, Roger Bernhardt

Publications

This article details the conflicts of interest that can arise when an attorney representing a buyer also acts as escrow agent for both parties.


Efficacy Of Virtual Models In A Production Systems Course, Lawrence Whitman, Barbara Chaparro Sep 2006

Efficacy Of Virtual Models In A Production Systems Course, Lawrence Whitman, Barbara Chaparro

Publications

Wichita State University has developed an integrated set of virtual reality models of an aircraft assembly line. These models are intended to provide students an ‘artifact’ of industrial and manufacturing engineering by providing a realistic environment for initial learning and application. By utilizing a virtual model of the line, students are able to view the process and interrogate the process details, make changes and observe the effects, and gain a better understanding of the concepts and their interrelationships. This paper presents the method used to assess if virtual models (computer models of a real factory) lead to: improved perception of ...


Hurricane Damage To The Ocean, Charles S. Colgan, Jefferey Adkins Aug 2006

Hurricane Damage To The Ocean, Charles S. Colgan, Jefferey Adkins

Publications

In 2005, insured losses from hurricanes and other catastrophes were greater than in any other year in U.S. history. NOAA’s National Hurricane Center estimates that $85 billion of total damages resulted from Hurricanes Katrina and Rita alone. One year later, the region affected by these two hurricanes still struggles to recover, both as a place to live and as a viable economy. Using data from the BLS Quarterly Census of Employment and Wages, the National Ocean Economics Program has developed a data series that allows the economic damage to coastal regions to be seen in a new light ...