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Low-Income Families In New Hampshire, Allison Churilla Dec 2006

Low-Income Families In New Hampshire, Allison Churilla

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

New Hampshire boasts the nation's lowest percentage of people living in poverty and maintains strong rankings in other quality-of-life measures. But 48,000 New Hampshire families with low incomes struggle to make ends meet, this issue brief finds. The brief identifies characteristics that heighten families' risk of a lower income and documents recent trends in the economic status of low-income families in the state.


New Immigrant Settlements In Rural America: Problems, Prospects, And Policies, Leif Jensen Nov 2006

New Immigrant Settlements In Rural America: Problems, Prospects, And Policies, Leif Jensen

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Regions of rural America are being reshaped by growing numbers of immigrants who are choosing small-town life over the bright lights of the big city. This study found that immigrant settlers may have a big impact on small, rural communities—sometimes straining resources but also offering promise for reinvigorating dying communities.


U.S. Rural Soldiers Account For A Disproportionately High Share Of Casualties In Iraq And Afghanistan, William P. O'Hare, Bill Bishop Nov 2006

U.S. Rural Soldiers Account For A Disproportionately High Share Of Casualties In Iraq And Afghanistan, William P. O'Hare, Bill Bishop

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

A study by the Carsey Institute found that among U.S. soldiers serving in Iraq and Afghanistan, those who are from rural America are dying at a higher rate than those soldiers who are from cities and suburbs. According to U.S. Department of Defense records, rural youth enlist in the military at a higher rate than urban and suburban youth and in all but eight states, soldiers from rural areas make up a disproportionately high share of the casualties.


Subprime And Predatory Lending In Rural America: Mortgage Lending Practices That Can Trap Low-Income Rural People, Carla Dickstein, Lance George, Theresa Singleton, Hannah Thomas Oct 2006

Subprime And Predatory Lending In Rural America: Mortgage Lending Practices That Can Trap Low-Income Rural People, Carla Dickstein, Lance George, Theresa Singleton, Hannah Thomas

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

This brief examines predatory mortgage loans and the harmful impact they have on rural homeowners and their communities. The report finds that minorities and low-income people are more likely to fall victim to higher-cost loans. The brief includes recommendations for policy changes at the state and federal levels, as well as advice on identifying and avoiding predatory loans.


Values And Religion In Rural America: Attitudes Toward Abortion And Same-Sex Relations, Michele Dillon, Sarah Savage Oct 2006

Values And Religion In Rural America: Attitudes Toward Abortion And Same-Sex Relations, Michele Dillon, Sarah Savage

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

The rural vote is critical, but how do rural voters' views on issues such as abortion, same-sex marriage, and religion influence elections? This brief compares rural and urban views on these divisive issues and examines how much rural opinions vary within rural regions of the country.


The State Of Working New Hampshire 2006, Allison Churilla Oct 2006

The State Of Working New Hampshire 2006, Allison Churilla

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

While New Hampshire has the highest labor force participation (71 percent) and the second-lowest unemployment and underemployment rates in New England, recent trends in employment and wages point to growing disparities in the state, this issue brief finds. The brief provides a state-focused analysis of the Economic Policy Institute's report, “The State of Working America 2005/2006.”


Rural Voting In The 2004 Election, Lawrence C. Hamilton Oct 2006

Rural Voting In The 2004 Election, Lawrence C. Hamilton

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Rural votes can often make the difference between what party controls Congress and who is living at 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. This Carsey fact sheet presents detailed patterns of rural voting by region and shows that these patterns are better explained by looking at demographic factors rather than simply by where people live.


The State Of Working Vermont 2006, Allison Churilla Sep 2006

The State Of Working Vermont 2006, Allison Churilla

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Vermont enjoys higher-than-average workforce participation rates and the lowest unemployment in New England, but the state's wage levels remain well below regional standards and the workforce is aging, finds this issue brief prepared by the Carsey Institute in partnership with the Public Assets Institute of Vermont. The brief highlights trends related to the economic and labor force characteristics of Vermont's workers.


Resident Ownership In New Hampshire's "Mobile Home Parks": A Report On Economic Outcomes (Revised 2010), Sally Ward, Charles A. French, Kelly Giraud Sep 2006

Resident Ownership In New Hampshire's "Mobile Home Parks": A Report On Economic Outcomes (Revised 2010), Sally Ward, Charles A. French, Kelly Giraud

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Since 1984, the New Hampshire Community Loan Fund has been helping residents of manufactured home communities purchase the land underneath their homes. Since then, homeowners have purchased 80 manufactured home communities and converted them into “Resident Owned Communities” (ROCs) in New Hampshire. These communities now include 4,200 homeowners. The premise of the loan fund program is that resident ownership provides both an important vehicle for preserving affordable housing and economic benefits to homeowners in ROCs. Until now, no systematic data have been available to confirm the benefits. To fill that gap, the fund contracted researchers from the Carsey Institute ...


The Changing Spatial Concentration Of America’S Rural Poor Population, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel T. Lichter Sep 2006

The Changing Spatial Concentration Of America’S Rural Poor Population, Kenneth M. Johnson, Daniel T. Lichter

Sociology Scholarship

This paper documents changing patterns of concentrated poverty in nonmetro areas. Data from the 1970 through 2000 U.S. Census Summary Files reveal the changing shares of poor people and children living in rural counties with disproportionately poor populations. Nonmetro poverty rates – both overall and for children – declined more rapidly than metro rates in the 1990s. The 1990s also brought large reductions in the number of high-poverty nonmetro counties, and declines in the share of rural people, including rural poor people, who were living in them. In particular, the number and percentage of rural people living in extremely poor counties ...


Research On Synthetic Rope And Its Future In Timber Harvesting, Joel N. Hartter, Jared Leonard, John Garland, Steve Pilkerton Aug 2006

Research On Synthetic Rope And Its Future In Timber Harvesting, Joel N. Hartter, Jared Leonard, John Garland, Steve Pilkerton

Geography Scholarship

Steel wire rope is used for many logging applications. It has served the industry well in terms of strength, durability, and longevity. However, steel wire rope is difficult to use because it is stiff, heavy, and unyielding. These characteristics can lead to fatigue and exhaustion, and may contribute to worker injuries. Ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene synthetic rope has the potential to replace steel wire rope for selected logging applications. Research shows ergonomic gains and other operational effectiveness with its use. This paper presents research results, potentials, and issues in improving economic and ergonomic performance of ground-based and cable logging. Potential ...


Rural Families Choose Home-Based Child Care For Their Preschool-Aged Children, Kristin Smith Jul 2006

Rural Families Choose Home-Based Child Care For Their Preschool-Aged Children, Kristin Smith

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

This policy brief examines who is taking care of preschoolers of employed mothers in rural America. While most rural families choose home-based child care (such as relatives or informal nonrelated care providers), formal care (such as in day care centers) has positive benefits to a child's development. The brief recommends that programs are needed that either make formal care more affordable and accessible in rural communities, or that train home-based care providers to provide quality care.


Child Poverty In Rural America: New Data Shows Increases In 41 States, William P. O'Hare, Sarah Savage Jul 2006

Child Poverty In Rural America: New Data Shows Increases In 41 States, William P. O'Hare, Sarah Savage

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

A study by the Carsey Institute, based on U.S. Census Bureau data, found that in forty-one states, a higher percentage of rural children live in poverty than did in 2000. While the poverty level in 2006 was relatively stagnant compared to 2005's poverty level, the situation is clearly becoming worse for rural kids.


Digital Imaging Basics, Eleta Exline Jun 2006

Digital Imaging Basics, Eleta Exline

University Library Scholarship

This presentation was part of a workshop and demonstration on the digitization of library archival materials, including sampling rates, the effect of resolution on file size and fidelity, color correction and other image adjustments, dynamic range, and best practices.

Delivered to the New Hampshire Archives Group Spring Meeting, Hillsborough, New Hampshire. June 28, 2006


Substance Abuse In Rural And Small Town America, Karen T. Van Gundy Jun 2006

Substance Abuse In Rural And Small Town America, Karen T. Van Gundy

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Alcohol abuse exceeds illicit drug abuse in rural America and is a serious problem among rural youth, as highlighted here. The report also confirms that the abuse of stimulants, including methamphetamine, is high among certain rural populations, particularly among the rural unemployed.


That Was Totally Intense! A Study Of Emphatic Adverbial Modifiers In Male And Female Speech, Shellie Chiavetta Apr 2006

That Was Totally Intense! A Study Of Emphatic Adverbial Modifiers In Male And Female Speech, Shellie Chiavetta

Inquiry Journal 2006

No abstract provided.


The Cultural Context Of Research: Child Labor And Daily Life In Tanzania, Erica Bertolotto Apr 2006

The Cultural Context Of Research: Child Labor And Daily Life In Tanzania, Erica Bertolotto

Inquiry Journal 2006

No abstract provided.


The Wrongful-Life Concept: The Role Of The Courts In Individual Morality, Devon Mercer Apr 2006

The Wrongful-Life Concept: The Role Of The Courts In Individual Morality, Devon Mercer

Inquiry Journal 2006

No abstract provided.


“My Mind Is Like A Dark Storm Cloud”: Observations And Experiences In Norwegian Dementia Care, Cristina Joseph Apr 2006

“My Mind Is Like A Dark Storm Cloud”: Observations And Experiences In Norwegian Dementia Care, Cristina Joseph

Inquiry Journal 2006

No abstract provided.


Low-Skill Workers In Rural America Face Permanent Job Loss, Amy Glasmeier, Priscilla Salant Apr 2006

Low-Skill Workers In Rural America Face Permanent Job Loss, Amy Glasmeier, Priscilla Salant

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

Global economic competition and other factors have cost rural America 1.5 million jobs in the past six years. This brief analyzes job displacement figures from around the country between 1997 and 2003. The loss of rural jobs was particularly large in the manufacturing sector, and the rate of loss was higher in the rural Northeast than in the rest of rural America. The key causes fueling the trend have been the push for cost savings through automation and cheaper labor overseas.


Reaffirmation Of “Ritual Cosmos”: Tibetan Perceptions Of Landscape And Socio-Economic Development In Southwest China, Tyler Denison Apr 2006

Reaffirmation Of “Ritual Cosmos”: Tibetan Perceptions Of Landscape And Socio-Economic Development In Southwest China, Tyler Denison

Inquiry Journal 2006

No abstract provided.


Pieces Of The Past: Ceramics Analysis At San Bartolo, Guatemala, Caitlin Walker Apr 2006

Pieces Of The Past: Ceramics Analysis At San Bartolo, Guatemala, Caitlin Walker

Inquiry Journal 2006

No abstract provided.


Demographic Trends In Rural And Small Town America, Kenneth M. Johnson Mar 2006

Demographic Trends In Rural And Small Town America, Kenneth M. Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

This report examines the changing demographics of rural America and shows that the makeup of rural America is changing as certain regions grow with the migration of retirees and baby boomers into amenity-rich areas. At the same time, other places face economic uncertainty as younger residents continue to leave in search of more opportunities. Racial and ethnic diversity, meanwhile, continues to increase.


The Power Of One, Walt Alderman Jan 2006

The Power Of One, Walt Alderman

The University Dialogue

This paper provides a blueprint for anyone who would join the effort to prevent future wars by choosing a less energy intensive lifestyle today.


Powering Down Technology, Janine Jacques Jan 2006

Powering Down Technology, Janine Jacques

The University Dialogue

This paper will examine the issue of energy consumption resulting from the use of technology. It will identify and evaluate potential solutions currently being deployed by data center managers. In addition, the paper will recommend guidelines for reducing energy consumption for both the individual and business consumer.


Energy – The Not-So Bottomless Oil Well And The Alternatives, P.T. Vasudevan Jan 2006

Energy – The Not-So Bottomless Oil Well And The Alternatives, P.T. Vasudevan

The University Dialogue

This essay examines both sides of the “Hubbert’s peak” debate and their implications for energy policy. If there is a strong case for governments to wean their economies of oil, how do they do it? What low-carbon or alternative technologies bear watching? How will these technologies affect the environment? How long will the world remain reliant on oil considering that industries are 98% dependent on petroleum products?


Social Psychology, Calamities, And Sports Law, Michael Mccann Jan 2006

Social Psychology, Calamities, And Sports Law, Michael Mccann

Law Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines the role of situational pressures, fundamental attribution errors, and legal frameworks in how professional sports actors respond to the threat and occurrence of calamities. Both natural and manmade threats to American health are likely to rise over the next decade. Such threats may include catastrophic weather, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and communicable disease pandemics. In response to these threats, professional sports leagues, professional athletes, fans, and media might engage in unprecedented behavior. Consider, for instance, increasingly-devastating weather patterns, and how they might animate leagues to relocate franchises to cities with more favorable forecasts. The same outcome might ...


Intellectual Property Research: From The Dustiest Law Book To The Most Far Off Database, Jon R. Cavicchi Jan 2006

Intellectual Property Research: From The Dustiest Law Book To The Most Far Off Database, Jon R. Cavicchi

Law Faculty Scholarship

This issue of IDEA introduces a regular series of articles on intellectual property research tools and strategies based on my experience for over a decade as Intellectual Property Librarian and Research Professor at Franklin Pierce Law Center. Pierce Law is consistently ranked among the top law schools training IP professionals. I have taught IP legal research, patent, trademark and copyright searching to hundreds of students and IP professionals in Pierce Law Graduate Programs. I have tackled hundreds of reference and research questions as well as working on countless projects requiring IP information. So I have been faced with challenges and ...


Trademark Searching Tools And Strategies: Questions For The New Millennium, Jon R. Cavicchi Jan 2006

Trademark Searching Tools And Strategies: Questions For The New Millennium, Jon R. Cavicchi

Law Faculty Scholarship

The intent of this discussion is to raise questions about trademark searching which will be discussed in future issues of IDEA. I will lead you through the questions raised by my journey through primarily legal literature in treatises and periodicals on the Lexis and Westlaw platforms.


It’S Not About The Money: The Role Of Preferences, Cognitive Biases And Heuristics Among Professional Athletes, Michael Mccann Jan 2006

It’S Not About The Money: The Role Of Preferences, Cognitive Biases And Heuristics Among Professional Athletes, Michael Mccann

Law Faculty Scholarship

Professional athletes are often regarded as selfish, greedy, and out-of-touch with regular people. They hire agents who are vilified for negotiating employment contracts that occasionally yield compensation in excess of national gross domestic products. Professional athletes are thus commonly assumed to most value economic remuneration, rather than the love of the game or some other intangible, romanticized inclination.

Lending credibility to this intuition is the rational actor model, a law and economic precept which presupposes that when individuals are presented with a set of choices, they rationally weigh costs and benefits, and select the course of action that maximizes their ...