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U.S. Rural Soldiers Account For A Disproportionately High Share Of Casualties In Iraq And Afghanistan, William P. O'Hare, Bill Bishop Nov 2006

U.S. Rural Soldiers Account For A Disproportionately High Share Of Casualties In Iraq And Afghanistan, William P. O'Hare, Bill Bishop

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

A study by the Carsey Institute found that among U.S. soldiers serving in Iraq and Afghanistan, those who are from rural America are dying at a higher rate than those soldiers who are from cities and suburbs. According to U.S. Department of Defense records, rural youth enlist in the military at a higher rate than urban and suburban youth and in all but eight states, soldiers from rural areas make up a disproportionately high share of the casualties.


The Power Of One, Walt Alderman Jan 2006

The Power Of One, Walt Alderman

The University Dialogue

This paper provides a blueprint for anyone who would join the effort to prevent future wars by choosing a less energy intensive lifestyle today.


Powering Down Technology, Janine Jacques Jan 2006

Powering Down Technology, Janine Jacques

The University Dialogue

This paper will examine the issue of energy consumption resulting from the use of technology. It will identify and evaluate potential solutions currently being deployed by data center managers. In addition, the paper will recommend guidelines for reducing energy consumption for both the individual and business consumer.


Energy – The Not-So Bottomless Oil Well And The Alternatives, P.T. Vasudevan Jan 2006

Energy – The Not-So Bottomless Oil Well And The Alternatives, P.T. Vasudevan

The University Dialogue

This essay examines both sides of the “Hubbert’s peak” debate and their implications for energy policy. If there is a strong case for governments to wean their economies of oil, how do they do it? What low-carbon or alternative technologies bear watching? How will these technologies affect the environment? How long will the world remain reliant on oil considering that industries are 98% dependent on petroleum products?


Social Psychology, Calamities, And Sports Law, Michael Mccann Jan 2006

Social Psychology, Calamities, And Sports Law, Michael Mccann

Law Faculty Scholarship

This Article examines the role of situational pressures, fundamental attribution errors, and legal frameworks in how professional sports actors respond to the threat and occurrence of calamities. Both natural and manmade threats to American health are likely to rise over the next decade. Such threats may include catastrophic weather, natural disasters, terrorist attacks, and communicable disease pandemics. In response to these threats, professional sports leagues, professional athletes, fans, and media might engage in unprecedented behavior. Consider, for instance, increasingly-devastating weather patterns, and how they might animate leagues to relocate franchises to cities with more favorable forecasts. The same outcome might ...


Hop On The Bus, Gus: The Power Of Public Transit, Sonke Dornblut Jan 2006

Hop On The Bus, Gus: The Power Of Public Transit, Sonke Dornblut

The University Dialogue

As a society, we have designed a transportation system that appears to work quite well for most of us; all we have to do is hop into a car and we are going places! Unfortunately, that system doesn’t work for all of us. The barrier to participation is really quite high. One must be able to afford a car, to maintain a car, and to insure a car and one must be able to drive - otherwise the system doesn’t offer much. In order to receive at least some benefit, access by the non-driver must be facilitated. Access facilitation ...


Our Energy (In) Security, Stacy D. Vandeveer Jan 2006

Our Energy (In) Security, Stacy D. Vandeveer

The University Dialogue

Energy issues have long been at the heart of human security concerns. At one level, we humans have always needed food energy and heat energy to survive and thrive. Yet, with the industrial revolution and our discoveries of the tremendous utility of fossils fuels like coal and oil, the security concerns related to human energy demands have expanded dramatically as our demand for energy accelerated rapidly. My proposed Discovery Dialogue essay begins by noting the eternal human need for energy supplies of various kinds. It then focuses attention on the contemporary links between energy and security at three levels of ...


Land Use And Transportation Planning To Promote Physical Activity In North Carolina, Semra Aytur Jan 2006

Land Use And Transportation Planning To Promote Physical Activity In North Carolina, Semra Aytur

Health Management and Policy Scholarship

With national and state agencies as well as leading public health foundations providing impetus, efforts to improve the understanding of policy and environmental attributes that may support active lifestyles have become a promising area for collaboration between planning and public health professionals. This article highlights the results of work performed at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill examining the relationship between planning policies and physical activity and the prevalence of land use policies and implementation tools that might support the viability of non-motorized modes. With the hope of bridging research and practice, it discusses fi ndings most relevant ...


The North Carolina Physical Activity Policy Research Center: Making Connections With North Carolina Planners, Kelly R. Evenson, Carrie Fesperman, Semra Aytur, Austin Brown, Daniel A. Rodriguez, David Salveson Jan 2006

The North Carolina Physical Activity Policy Research Center: Making Connections With North Carolina Planners, Kelly R. Evenson, Carrie Fesperman, Semra Aytur, Austin Brown, Daniel A. Rodriguez, David Salveson

Health Management and Policy Scholarship

Physical activity participation for youth and adults is suboptimal in North Carolina. There is growing interest among policy makers to promote physical activity, yet research in this area is limited. The North Carolina Physical Activity Policy Research Center was established in 2004 to conduct research on physical activity and policy. This cross-disciplinary center brings together faculty and researchers from the University of North Carolina School of Public Health and the College of Arts and Sciences. Current projects include understanding and documenting polices that affect walking and bicycling to school, trail development, and community planning decisions related to physical activity.


Overpowered: American Domination, Democracy And The Ethics Of Energy Consumption, Ruth Sample Jan 2006

Overpowered: American Domination, Democracy And The Ethics Of Energy Consumption, Ruth Sample

The University Dialogue

The United States has used its overwhelming political and economic power to secure for itself a disproportionate share of the world’s non-renewable energy resources, most of which are located outside of our borders. We therefore produce a disproportionate amount of pollution, some of which affects people and ecosystems outside of our own borders.


Peak Oil, Geopolitics And The Need For Relocalization: Will Our Magnificent Obsession Become Our Obsolete Obsession?, John E. Carroll Jan 2006

Peak Oil, Geopolitics And The Need For Relocalization: Will Our Magnificent Obsession Become Our Obsolete Obsession?, John E. Carroll

The University Dialogue

This essay will look at the peak oil question, contemporary “oil geopolitics” and their effect not only on energy supplies, but also on transportation, agriculture and food supplies, and population distribution in the United States. While the war in Iraq forms a centerpiece in the geopolitical scene, Russia, China, and other nations will be discussed as well. This essay will also examine the inevitable relocalization which appears to be a necessary result.


Climate In The Balance, Cameron P. Wake Jan 2006

Climate In The Balance, Cameron P. Wake

The University Dialogue

This essay explores how our climate system works, how humans are changing the climate system, and how we might face the challenges of reducing our negative impact on the climate system in the future.