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2006

University of New Hampshire

Astrophysics and Astronomy

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

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Characterization Of Single-Sided Charge-Sharing Czt Strip Detectors For Gamma-Ray Astronomy, B Donmez, John R. Macri, James M. Ryan, Jason S. Legere, Mark L. Mcconnell, Mark Widholm, T Narita, L A. Hamel Aug 2006

Characterization Of Single-Sided Charge-Sharing Czt Strip Detectors For Gamma-Ray Astronomy, B Donmez, John R. Macri, James M. Ryan, Jason S. Legere, Mark L. Mcconnell, Mark Widholm, T Narita, L A. Hamel

Space Science Center

We report progress in the study of thick single-sided charge-sharing cadmium zinc telluride (CZT) strip detector modules designed to perform spectroscopy and 3-D imaging of gamma-rays. We report laboratory measurements including spectroscopy, efficiency and 3-D imaging capability of prototype detectors (15 × 15 × 7.5mm3) with 11×11 unit cells. We also report on Monte Carlo simulations (GEANT4 v7.1) to investigate the effect of multihits on detector performance in both spectroscopy and imaging. We compare simulation results with data obtained from laboratory measurements and discuss the implications for future strip detector designs.


The Advanced Compton Telescope, S E. Boggs, J Kurfess, James M. Ryan, Elena Aprile, Neil Gehrels, R M. Kippen, Marc Leising, U Oberlack, Cornelia B. Wunderer, Allen Zych, Peter F. Bloser, M Harris, A Hoover, Alexei Klimenk, Dan Kocevski, Mark L. Mcconnell, Peter Milne, E I. Novikova, B F. Phlips, Mark Polsen, Steven Sturner, Derek Tournear, G Weidenspointer, Eric Wulf, A Zoglauer, Matthew Baring, John Beacom, Lars Bildsten, Charles Dermer, Dieter H. Hartman, Margarita Hernanz, David Smith, Sumner Starrfield Jun 2006

The Advanced Compton Telescope, S E. Boggs, J Kurfess, James M. Ryan, Elena Aprile, Neil Gehrels, R M. Kippen, Marc Leising, U Oberlack, Cornelia B. Wunderer, Allen Zych, Peter F. Bloser, M Harris, A Hoover, Alexei Klimenk, Dan Kocevski, Mark L. Mcconnell, Peter Milne, E I. Novikova, B F. Phlips, Mark Polsen, Steven Sturner, Derek Tournear, G Weidenspointer, Eric Wulf, A Zoglauer, Matthew Baring, John Beacom, Lars Bildsten, Charles Dermer, Dieter H. Hartman, Margarita Hernanz, David Smith, Sumner Starrfield

Space Science Center

The Advanced Compton Telescope (ACT), the next major step in gamma-ray astronomy, will probe the fires where chemical elements are formed by enabling high-resolution spectroscopy of nuclear emission from supernova explosions. During the past two years, our collaboration has been undertaking a NASA mission concept study for ACT. This study was designed to (1) transform the key scientific objectives into specific instrument requirements, (2) to identify the most promising technologies to meet those requirements, and (3) to design a viable mission concept for this instrument. We present the results of this study, including scientific goals and expected performance, mission design ...


Fnit: The Fast Neutron Imaging Telescope For Snm Detection, U Bravar, P J. Bruillard, E O. Fluckiger, John R. Macri, Mark L. Mcconnell, M R. Moser, James M. Ryan May 2006

Fnit: The Fast Neutron Imaging Telescope For Snm Detection, U Bravar, P J. Bruillard, E O. Fluckiger, John R. Macri, Mark L. Mcconnell, M R. Moser, James M. Ryan

Space Science Center

We report on recent progress in the development of the Fast Neutron Imaging Telescope (FNIT), a detector with both imaging and energy measurement capabilities, sensitive to neutrons in the 2-20 MeV range. FNIT was initially conceived to study solar neutrons as a candidate design for the Solar Sentinels program under formulation at NASA. This instrument is now being configured to locate fission neutron sources for homeland security purposes. By accurately identifying the position of the neutron source with imaging techniques and reconstructing the energy spectrum of fission neutrons, FNIT can locate problematic amounts of Special Nuclear Material (SNM), including heavily ...


The Caster Black Hole Finder Probe, Mark L. Mcconnell, Peter F. Bloser, G L. Case, M L. Cherry, J Cravens, T G. Guzik, K Hurley, R M. Kippen, John R. Macri, R S. Miller, W Paciesas, James M. Ryan, B Schaefer, J G. Stacy, W T. Vestrand, J P. Wefel Jan 2006

The Caster Black Hole Finder Probe, Mark L. Mcconnell, Peter F. Bloser, G L. Case, M L. Cherry, J Cravens, T G. Guzik, K Hurley, R M. Kippen, John R. Macri, R S. Miller, W Paciesas, James M. Ryan, B Schaefer, J G. Stacy, W T. Vestrand, J P. Wefel

Space Science Center

The primary scientific mission of the Black Hole Finder Probe (BHFP), part of the NASA Beyond Einstein program, is to survey the local Universe for black holes over a wide range of mass and accretion rate. One approach to such a survey is a hard X‐ray coded‐aperture imaging mission operating in the 10–600 keV energy band. The development of new inorganic scintillator materials provides improved performance that is well suited to the BHFP science requirements. Detection planes formed with these materials coupled with a new generation of readout devices represent a major advancement in the performance capabilities ...


Radiation Damage And Activation From Proton Irradiation Of Advanced Scintillators, Peter F. Bloser, Mark L. Mcconnell, John R. Macri, P J. Bruillard, James M. Ryan, W Hajdas Jan 2006

Radiation Damage And Activation From Proton Irradiation Of Advanced Scintillators, Peter F. Bloser, Mark L. Mcconnell, John R. Macri, P J. Bruillard, James M. Ryan, W Hajdas

Space Science Center

We present results from a proton accelerator beam test to measure radiation damage and activation in advanced scintillator materials. Samples of LaBr3:Ce and LaCl3:Ce were exposed to protons from 40-250 MeV at the Proton Irradiation Facility of the Paul Scherrer Institute in Switzerland. Twelve energy bands were used to simulate the spectrum of the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA), with different samples exposed to the equivalent of 4 months, 1 year, and 5 years of SAA passage. No significant decrease in light output was found due to radiation damage, indicating that these new scintillator materials are radiation tolerant. High-resolution ...


Position Resolution In Labr3 And Lacl3 Scintillators Using Position-Sensitive Photomultiplier Tubes, Peter F. Bloser, Mark L. Mcconnell, John R. Macri, James M. Ryan, Justin Baker Jan 2006

Position Resolution In Labr3 And Lacl3 Scintillators Using Position-Sensitive Photomultiplier Tubes, Peter F. Bloser, Mark L. Mcconnell, John R. Macri, James M. Ryan, Justin Baker

Space Science Center

Advanced scintillator materials such as LaBr3:Ce and LaCl3:Ce hold great promise for future hard X-ray and gamma-ray astrophysics missions due to their high density, high light output, good linearity, and fast decay times. Of particular importance for future space-based imaging instruments, such as coded-aperture telescopes, is the precise spatial location of individual gamma-ray interactions. We have investigated the position and energy resolution achievable within monolithic (5 cm × 5 cm × 1 cm) LaBr3:Ce and LaCl3:Ce crystals using position-sensitive light readout devices, including a position-sensitive photomultiplier tube and a multi-anode photomultiplier tube. We present the results of these ...


Optimization Of Single-Sided Charge-Sharing Strip Detectors, L A. Hamel, M Benoit, B Donmez, John R. Macri, Mark L. Mcconnell, T Narita, James M. Ryan Jan 2006

Optimization Of Single-Sided Charge-Sharing Strip Detectors, L A. Hamel, M Benoit, B Donmez, John R. Macri, Mark L. Mcconnell, T Narita, James M. Ryan

Space Science Center

Simulation of the charge sharing properties of single-sided CZT strip detectors with small anode pads are presented. The effect of initial event size, carrier repulsion, diffusion, drift, trapping and detrapping are considered. These simulations indicate that such a detector with a 150 µm pitch will provide good charge sharing between neighboring pads. This is supported by a comparison of simulations and measurements for a similar detector with a coarser pitch of 225 µm that could not provide sufficient sharing. The performance of such a detector used as a gamma-ray imager is discussed.


Medium-Energy Gamma-Ray Astrophysics With The 3-Dti Gamma-Ray Telescope, Stanley D. Hunter, Robert G. Baker, Louis M. Barbier, Peter F. Bloser, La Vida Cooper, John F. Krizmanic, Jason T. Link, Mark L. Mcconnell, Geoergia A. De Nolfo, James M. Ryan, Satpal Singh, Seunghee Son Jan 2006

Medium-Energy Gamma-Ray Astrophysics With The 3-Dti Gamma-Ray Telescope, Stanley D. Hunter, Robert G. Baker, Louis M. Barbier, Peter F. Bloser, La Vida Cooper, John F. Krizmanic, Jason T. Link, Mark L. Mcconnell, Geoergia A. De Nolfo, James M. Ryan, Satpal Singh, Seunghee Son

Space Science Center

Gamma-ray observations in the medium energy range (0.50-50.0 MeV) are central to unfolding many outstanding questions in astrophysics. The challenges of medium-energy gamma-ray observations, however, are the low photon statistics and large backgrounds. We review these questions, address the telescope technology requirements, and describe our development of the 3-Dimensional Track Imaging (3-DTI) Compton telescope and its performance for a new mediumenergy gamma-ray mission. The 3-DTI is a large-volume time projection chamber (TPC) with a 2-dimensional gas micro-well detector (MWD) readout.


Prospects For Grb Polarimetry With Grape, Mark L. Mcconnell, Peter F. Bloser, Jason S. Legere, John R. Macri, T Narita, James M. Ryan Jan 2006

Prospects For Grb Polarimetry With Grape, Mark L. Mcconnell, Peter F. Bloser, Jason S. Legere, John R. Macri, T Narita, James M. Ryan

Space Science Center

This paper discusses the latest progress in the development of GRAPE (Gamma‐Ray Polarimeter Experiment), a hard X‐ray Compton Polarimeter. The purpose of GRAPE is to measure the polarization of hard X‐rays in the 50–300 keV energy range. We are particularly interested in X‐rays that are emitted from solar flares and gamma‐ray bursts (GRBs). Accurately measuring the polarization of the emitted radiation from these sources will lead to a better understating of both the emission mechanisms and source geometries. The GRAPE design consists of an array of plastic scintillators surrounding a central high‐Z crystal ...


Simulated Performance Of 3-Dti Gamma-Ray Telescope Concepts, Peter F. Bloser, Mark L. Mcconnell, James M. Ryan, Louis M. Barbier, Alan Centa, Stanley D. Hunter, John F. Krizmanic, Jason T. Link, Geoergia A. De Nolfo, Seunghee Son Jan 2006

Simulated Performance Of 3-Dti Gamma-Ray Telescope Concepts, Peter F. Bloser, Mark L. Mcconnell, James M. Ryan, Louis M. Barbier, Alan Centa, Stanley D. Hunter, John F. Krizmanic, Jason T. Link, Geoergia A. De Nolfo, Seunghee Son

Space Science Center

We present Monte Carlo simulations of two astronomical gamma-ray telescope concepts based on the ThreeDimensional Track Imager (3- DTI) detector. The 3-DTI consists of a time projection chamber with two-dimensional, crossedstrip micro-well detector readout. The full three- dimensional reconstruction of charged-particle tracks in the gas volume is obtained from transient digitizers, which record the time signature of the charge collected in the wells of each strip. Such detectors hold great promise for advanced Compton telescope (ACT) and advanced pair telescope (APT) concepts due to the very precise measurement of charged particle momenta that is possible (Compton recoil electrons and electron-positron ...