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Social Connectedness And Health: A Literature Review, Goetz Ottmann, John Dickson, Paula Wright Jul 2006

Social Connectedness And Health: A Literature Review, Goetz Ottmann, John Dickson, Paula Wright

GLADNET Collection

This literature review forms part of the first stage of the Social Connectedness Project. Its aim is:

- To undertake a review of the literature focusing on the link between social isolation and well-being in potential target groups such as the elderly, young people, people with disabilities, and the seriously ill;
- To give an overview of strength-based community development strategies and, in particular, Asset-Based Community Development (ABCD);
- To provide an overview over community development projects that employed such a strategy; and to
- To elaborate possible themes that could encapsulate the spirit of the project.


Social Exchange Theory Of Emotions, Edward J. Lawler, Shane R. Thye Jan 2006

Social Exchange Theory Of Emotions, Edward J. Lawler, Shane R. Thye

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Emotions are likely to be produced when two or more people exchange valued outcomes (i.e., goods, rewards, payoffs). Emotions are internal events that occur within an actor and that stem from conditions or events external to the actor (e.g., the behavior of others, results of exchange, social context). These may take various forms, including general feelings of pleasure/satisfaction or displeasure/dissatisfaction or more specific feelings of anger, shame, pride, gratitude, and so forth. It is reasonable to presume that any emotions felt by actors due to their exchange could have important effects on their future exchanges ...


Relational Cohesion Model Of Organizational Commitment, Jeongkoo Yoon, Edward J. Lawler Jan 2006

Relational Cohesion Model Of Organizational Commitment, Jeongkoo Yoon, Edward J. Lawler

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] This chapter reviews the research program of relational cohesion theory (RCT) (Lawler & Yoon, 1993, 1996, 1998; Lawler et al., 2000; Thye et al., 2002) and uses it to develop a model of organizational commitment. Broadly, relational cohesion theory (RCT) has attempted to understand conditions and processes that promote an expressive relation in social exchange; an expressive relation is indicated by relational cohesion, that is, the degree to which exchange partners perceive their relationship as a unifying object having its own value. The research program argues that such relational cohesion is a proximal cause of various forms of behavioral commitment in a group setting ...


Groups, Teams, And The Division Of Labor — Interdisciplinary Perspectives On The Organization Of Work, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast Jan 2006

Groups, Teams, And The Division Of Labor — Interdisciplinary Perspectives On The Organization Of Work, Rosemary Batt, Virginia Doellgast

Articles and Chapters

The purpose of this chapter is to survey and critique this varied landscape of research on groups at work, drawing out common themes and selective weaknesses with the goal of suggesting a more synthetic and informed future agenda. Our discussion is not encyclopedic, but rather focused on three quite different research traditions: those based in psychology, in industrial relations, and in critical sociology. We outline the intellectual landscape of each case and highlight areas of agreement and disagreement. We argue that this project of cross-disciplinary theory building encounters substantial challenges, but is rich in potential. These traditions differ in their ...


The Affect Theory Of Social Exchange, Edward J. Lawler Jan 2006

The Affect Theory Of Social Exchange, Edward J. Lawler

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The affect theory of social exchange places emotion and feelings at the center of social exchange theorizing (Lawler 2001). It posits that exchange generates emotions and that emotions are internal responses that reward and punish actors. Emotions that occur regularly in exchange processes include feeling good about successful exchange, feeling shame about the terms accepted, feeling gratitude toward a conciliatory exchange partner, and feeling anger at a difficult or hostile exchange partner. The theory argues that such emotions and feelings have important consequences for the relations, networks, and groups within which they occur.