Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 95

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

Spreadsheet - Bls Collective Bargaining Agreements Dec 2006

Spreadsheet - Bls Collective Bargaining Agreements

Collective Bargaining Agreements - U.S. Department of Labor

Listing of Collective Bargaining Agreements from the Bureau of Labor Statistics that are available at the Catherwood Library. Also available in EXCEL format.


‘‘Too Hard On The Women, Especially’’: Striking Together For Women Workers’ Issues, Ileen A. Devault Dec 2006

‘‘Too Hard On The Women, Especially’’: Striking Together For Women Workers’ Issues, Ileen A. Devault

Articles and Chapters

This essay draws upon a larger study of over forty strikes which involved both male and female strikers in the United States between the years 1887 and 1903. Here the focus of analysis is on those strikes which began with demands raised by women workers. The essay examines the nature of women workers’ demands, the ways in which cooperation with male co-workers altered those demands, and the affect that formal union involvement had on women strikers and their strike demands. Because the original set of case studies examines strikes across the United States, the strikes explored here also highlight a ...


Do The Best Companies To Work For Provide Better Customer Satisfaction?, Daniel H. Simon, Jed Devaro Dec 2006

Do The Best Companies To Work For Provide Better Customer Satisfaction?, Daniel H. Simon, Jed Devaro

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Using data from both the American Customer Satisfaction Index (ACSI) and Fortune Magazine’s lists of Best Companies, we examine the relationship between making the “Best 100” list and customer satisfaction. Based on a subset of the Best 100 in each year from 1994 to 2002, we find strong evidence that firms on the list earn higher customer satisfaction ratings than firms not on the list. This result is stronger for firms in the service sector than for those in the manufacturing sector. Our analysis also suggests that the increase in customer satisfaction resulting from Best Company status yields ...


A New Alliance In New York State: A Progress Report On The Labor Movement’S Restructuring, Capacity Building, And Programmatic Work, Jeff Grabelsky Nov 2006

A New Alliance In New York State: A Progress Report On The Labor Movement’S Restructuring, Capacity Building, And Programmatic Work, Jeff Grabelsky

Articles and Chapters

The labor movement in New York State has undergone a dramatic restructuring that is part of a national AFL-CIO program called the New Alliance. The purpose of the New Alliance is to build the capacity of local labor movements and empower unions to help shape a region’s political and economic agenda. The restructuring in NYS led to the consolidation of 25 central labor councils into 5 area labor federations, each of which is developing the resources, staff and leadership to help grow labor’s regional power across the state. This article describes the origins of the New Alliance, the ...


Ilr Impact Brief – Diversity And Inclusion: Is There Really A Difference?, Quinetta M. Roberson Nov 2006

Ilr Impact Brief – Diversity And Inclusion: Is There Really A Difference?, Quinetta M. Roberson

Policy & Issue Briefs

By almost any measure, workforce heterogeneity is increasing. With more women, ethnic and racial. minorities, and people with different lifestyles and learning styles holding down jobs, employers are searching for strategies that effectively and efficiently put these varied skills and perspectives to maximal use. Traditional approaches to diversity management include targeted recruitment, career development, mentoring, and education and training. Some organizations, however, take a broader view and seek to eliminate barriers to full utilization of varied worker competencies. This latter approach stresses inclusion, rather than diversity, and typically involves initiatives that focus on employee participation, enhanced communication, and stronger community ...


Immigration Manual, Baker & Mckenzie Nov 2006

Immigration Manual, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

[Excerpt] This manual is designed to provide a general overview of the immigration laws and procedures of various countries. Please note that the immigration laws and procedures are constantly changing and are subject to new policies and developments. Therefore, this manual is not intended to be exhaustive. Unless otherwise indicated, the law is as stated on 1 November 2006.


Comprehensive Strategy: The Key To Successful Organizing, Kate Bronfenbrenner Nov 2006

Comprehensive Strategy: The Key To Successful Organizing, Kate Bronfenbrenner

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] For the last two decades, organizing has continued to be the central focus of the U.S. labor movement. In the past year, the effectiveness of organizing has been influenced by the split in the AFL-CIO, by discussions of labor’s political leverage and strategy in the fall 2006 elections, and by the debate over which groups of workers should be targeted for organizing.

Nearly every top union leader talks about “changing to organize” – committing more resources to organizing and running campaigns more strategically. For the majority of unions, unfortunately, this talk has yet to turn into action. Indeed ...


Aligning Employees Through Line Of Sight, Wendy R. Boswell, John B. Bingham, Alexander Colvin Nov 2006

Aligning Employees Through Line Of Sight, Wendy R. Boswell, John B. Bingham, Alexander Colvin

Articles and Chapters

Aligning employees with the firm’s larger strategic goals is critical if organizations hope to manage their human capital effectively and ultimately attain strategic success. An important component of attaining and sustaining this alignment is whether employees have “line of sight” to the organization’s strategic objectives. We illustrate how the translation of strategic goals into tangible results requires that employees not only understand the organization’s strategy, they must accurately understand what actions are aligned with realizing that strategy. Using recent empirical evidence, theoretical insights, and tangible examples of exemplary firm practices, we provide thought-leaders with a comprehensive view ...


Subject: Collective Bargaining And Labor Relations, Susan Lacette Oct 2006

Subject: Collective Bargaining And Labor Relations, Susan Lacette

ILR School Theses and Dissertations: A Listing

No abstract provided.


Subject: Human Resource Management, Susan Lacette Oct 2006

Subject: Human Resource Management, Susan Lacette

ILR School Theses and Dissertations: A Listing

No abstract provided.


Subject: Labor Unions, Susan Lacette Oct 2006

Subject: Labor Unions, Susan Lacette

ILR School Theses and Dissertations: A Listing

No abstract provided.


Subject: Job Satisfaction, Employee Morale, And Employee Motivation, Susan Lacette Oct 2006

Subject: Job Satisfaction, Employee Morale, And Employee Motivation, Susan Lacette

ILR School Theses and Dissertations: A Listing

No abstract provided.


Subject: Wages, Salaries, And Employee Compensation, Susan Lacette Oct 2006

Subject: Wages, Salaries, And Employee Compensation, Susan Lacette

ILR School Theses and Dissertations: A Listing

No abstract provided.


Globalisation Of Hr At Function Level: Exploring The Issues Through International Recruitment, Selection And Assessment Processes, Paul R. Sparrow Oct 2006

Globalisation Of Hr At Function Level: Exploring The Issues Through International Recruitment, Selection And Assessment Processes, Paul R. Sparrow

CAHRS Working Paper Series

Much of the debate around convergence-divergence is based around comparative analysis of HR systems. However, we need now to combine these insights with work in the field of IHRM on firm-level motivations to optimise, standardise and export HR models abroad. A series of the changes are being wrought on a range of IHRM functions – recruitment, global staffing, management development and careers, and rewards - by the process of globalisation highlighting the difference between globally standardised, optimised or localised HR processes. This paper reports on a study of firm-level developments in international recruitment, selection and assessment, drawing upon an analysis of four ...


What Is Strategic Competence And Does It Matter? Exposition Of The Concept And A Research Agenda, Paul R. Sparrow, Gerard P. Hodgkinson Oct 2006

What Is Strategic Competence And Does It Matter? Exposition Of The Concept And A Research Agenda, Paul R. Sparrow, Gerard P. Hodgkinson

CAHRS Working Paper Series

Drawing on a range of theoretical and empirical insights from strategic management and the cognitive and organizational sciences, we argue that strategic competence constitutes the ability of organizations and the individuals who operate within them to work within their cognitive limitations in such a way that they are able to maintain an appropriate level of responsiveness to the contingencies confronting them. Using the language of the resource based view of the firm, we argue that this meta-level competence represents a confluence of individual and organizational characteristics, suitably configured to enable the detection of those weak signals indicative of the need ...


Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, And Savings, David E. Bloom, David Canning, Rick Mansfield, Michael Moore Oct 2006

Demographic Change, Social Security Systems, And Savings, David E. Bloom, David Canning, Rick Mansfield, Michael Moore

Articles and Chapters

In theory, improvements in healthy life expectancy should generate increases in the average age of retirement, with little effect on savings rates. In many countries, however, retirement incentives in social security programs prevent retirement ages from keeping pace with changes in life expectancy, leading to an increased need for life-cycle savings. Analyzing a cross-country panel of macroeconomic data, we find that increased longevity raises aggregate savings rates in countries with universal pension coverage and retirement incentives, though the effect disappears in countries with pay-as-you-go systems and high replacement rates.


Supported Employment: A Best Practice For People With Psychiatric Disabilities, Bonnie O'Day, Judith A. Cook Sep 2006

Supported Employment: A Best Practice For People With Psychiatric Disabilities, Bonnie O'Day, Judith A. Cook

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan Institute on Employment and Disability Collection

Over the past several decades, research from a variety of fields has presented powerful evidence of the importance of employment to people with psychiatric disabilities. Many of these people want to work and can successfully participate in the labor market in a variety of competitive jobs. Researchers have also shown how employment can alleviate poverty, reduce hospitalization, and improve quality of life. Society also benefits through taxes paid by workers, goods and services they purchase, and reductions in entitlements and the overall cost of care. However, the 1997 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) reports employment rates for people with a ...


The Department Of Labor’S 2005 Findings On The Worst Forms Of Child Labor, U.S. Department Of Labor Sep 2006

The Department Of Labor’S 2005 Findings On The Worst Forms Of Child Labor, U.S. Department Of Labor

Federal Publications

[Excerpt] In its fifth year, the U.S. Department of Labor's Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor provides new and updated information on the incidence and nature of child labor, relevant laws and enforcement, and programs and policies in place to address exploitative child labor. The report highlights progress that has been made in the past year to combat the worst forms of child labor in 137 countries and territories receiving benefits under the Generalized System of Preferences (GSP), the Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA)/Andean Trade Promotion and Drug ...


Corporate Social Responsibility And Workers’ Rights (Chinese), Lance Compa Sep 2006

Corporate Social Responsibility And Workers’ Rights (Chinese), Lance Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Corporate social responsibility (CSR) brings an important dimension to the global economy. CSR can enhance human rights, labor rights, and labor standards in the workplace by joining consumer power and socially responsible business leadership—not just leadership in Nike headquarters in Oregon or Levi Strauss headquarters in California, but leadership in trading house headquarters in Taiwan and Hong Kong, and leadership at the factory level in Dongguan and Shenzhen. Ten years ago, I would not have said this. I viewed corporate social responsibility and corporate codes of conduct as public relations maneuvers to pacify concerned consumers. Behind a facade ...


Reflections On Patco’S Legacy: Labor’S Strategic Challenges Persist, Richard W. Hurd Sep 2006

Reflections On Patco’S Legacy: Labor’S Strategic Challenges Persist, Richard W. Hurd

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] The 1981 strike by over 11,000 members of the Professional Air Traffic Controllers Organization (PATCO) stands out as a symbol of union decline. This dismal legacy is a product of President Ronald Reagan’s harsh response to the job action, an ultimatum for controllers to return to work followed by wholesale permanent replacement of the strikers. Although PATCO’s members were federal employees, their dismissal is typically portrayed as an invitation for all employers to emulate the President. The subsequent sharp drop in private sector strike activity has been traced (both rhetorically and statistically) to PATCO’s demise ...


A Guide To Disability Statistics From The Current Population Survey - Annual Social And Economic Supplement (March Cps), Richard V. Burkhauser, Andrew J. Houtenville Sep 2006

A Guide To Disability Statistics From The Current Population Survey - Annual Social And Economic Supplement (March Cps), Richard V. Burkhauser, Andrew J. Houtenville

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan Institute on Employment and Disability Collection

This guide to the Current Population Survey-Annual Social and Economic Supplement (March CPS) reports the prevalence of working-age people with disabilities and the employment and economic well being of this population. It compares these finding with other data sets using the ICF classification system. The comparative advantage of the CPS over alternative data sets is that it alone provides a consistent measure of the working-age population with disabilities from 1980 to the present. This guide discusses both the value and limitations of CPS data for policy makers, researchers and other individuals interested in capturing the size and socio-economic characteristics of ...


Internal Promotion Competitions In Firms, Jed Devaro Sep 2006

Internal Promotion Competitions In Firms, Jed Devaro

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Using a sample of skilled workers from a cross section of establishments in four metropolitan areas of the United States, I present evidence suggesting that promotions are determined by relative worker performance. I then estimate a structural model of promotion tournaments (treating as endogenous promotions, worker performance, and the wage spread from promotion) that simultaneously accounts for worker and firm behavior and how the interaction of these behaviors gives rise to promotions. The results are consistent with the predictions of tournament theory that employers set wage spreads to induce optimal performance levels, and that workers are motivated by larger ...


Corporate Social Responsibility At Gap: An Interview With Eva Sage-Gavin, Patrick M. Wright, Eva Sage-Gavin Aug 2006

Corporate Social Responsibility At Gap: An Interview With Eva Sage-Gavin, Patrick M. Wright, Eva Sage-Gavin

CAHRS Working Paper Series

Gap Inc. is one of the world's largest specialty retailers, with more than 3,000 stores and fiscal 2005 revenues of $16 billion. They operate four of the most recognized apparel brands in the world — Gap, Banana Republic, Old Navy and Forth & Towne. According to the company website “At Gap Inc., social responsibility isn't just a catchphrase or a feel good initiative. It's a reflection of who we are and how we operate as a company. To us, being socially responsible means striving to embed our values and ethics into everything we do — from how we run ...


Mis-Information At The Heart Of The University: Why Administrators Should Take Libraries More Seriously, Stuart Basefsky Aug 2006

Mis-Information At The Heart Of The University: Why Administrators Should Take Libraries More Seriously, Stuart Basefsky

Articles and Chapters

Major university research library systems are complex organizations made up of at least three types of library entities -- the central library, the department/school library, and the professional school library. Are these libraries cost centers or value centers? The voices of all three types of libraries should be heard for their perspectives when determining the future of the university library system with respect to this basic question. Otherwise, the competitive future of the university and its key programs may be put at risk. Knowing the core businesses of the university and how the library can best serve its fundamental purpose ...


Strategic Promotion Tournaments And Worker Performance, Jed Devaro Aug 2006

Strategic Promotion Tournaments And Worker Performance, Jed Devaro

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] In this analysis I study promotion schemes as human resource management strategies by which the firm can realize strategic goals by motivating workers to higher levels of effort and performance. Using information on promotions, wages, and performance for professional workers in a cross section of establishments in four metropolitan areas of the U.S., I investigate empirically the proposition that firms strategically organize promotion tournaments to motivate workers to higher levels of performance. I present evidence suggesting that relative performance of workers determines promotions, supporting the notion of internal promotion competitions in which internal hiring policies and fixed job ...


Knowledge Gathering, Team Capabilities, And Project Performance In Challenging Work Environments, Martine R. Haas Aug 2006

Knowledge Gathering, Team Capabilities, And Project Performance In Challenging Work Environments, Martine R. Haas

Articles and Chapters

Knowledge gathering can create problems as well as benefits for project teams in work environments characterized by overload, ambiguity, and politics. This paper proposes that the value of knowledge gathering in such environments is greater under conditions that enhance team processing, sensemaking, and buffering capabilities. The hypotheses were tested using independent quality ratings of 96 projects and survey data from 485 project team members collected during a multi-method field study. The findings reveal that three capability-enhancing conditions moderated the relationship between knowledge gathering and project quality: slack time, organizational experience, and decision-making autonomy. More knowledge gathering helped teams to perform ...


Living Standards, Scarce Resources And Immigration: An Interview With Labor Economist Vernon M. Briggs, Jr., John F. Rohe Jul 2006

Living Standards, Scarce Resources And Immigration: An Interview With Labor Economist Vernon M. Briggs, Jr., John F. Rohe

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Immigration reformers are drawn to the issue by myriad paths. Some arrive with a burning concern over the prospect of a billion person nation in a lifetime. The wildlife and natural heritage of the nation will be irretrievably altered by this expansive footprint. Others are motivated by present concerns over dwindling water reserves, energy, pauperized soils, solid waste, urban sprawl, congestion, and maybe just because our national parks are being loved to death.

Vernon Briggs, Ph.D., a liberal Democrat, comes to immigration reform through an interest in labor economics. He responds to an interest in the underprivileged American ...


Striker Replacements: A Human Rights Perspective, Lance A. Compa Jul 2006

Striker Replacements: A Human Rights Perspective, Lance A. Compa

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] United States labor law on workers' right to strike meets international human rights standards—up to a point. The law does not ban strikes in the private sector. Unlike many countries that nominally allow strikes but create onerous procedural obstacles (Mexico is a prime example), the United States, aside from modest notice requirements, lets workers decide to strike. In a handful of states, public-sector workers can strike.

So far, so good. But beyond this point, U.S. labor law and practice deviate from international standards. In the public sector, most strikes are prohibited even with no threat to public ...


Talking Vs. Communicating, Ken Margolies Jul 2006

Talking Vs. Communicating, Ken Margolies

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] There is a saying, "When all is said and done, more is said than done." Stewards who attend union meetings to decide how to handle and issue or grievance sessions with management probably agree. Why is it so difficult to get past the talk and make decisions, agreements, and well, get things done?


[Review Of Pay Without Performance: The Unfulfilled Promise Of Executive Compensation], Kevin F. Hallock Jul 2006

[Review Of Pay Without Performance: The Unfulfilled Promise Of Executive Compensation], Kevin F. Hallock

Articles and Chapters

[Excerpt] Every once in a while someone comes out with an important book concerning corporate governance or executive compensation. Like Aldolf A. Berle and Gardiner C. Means's The Modern Corporation and Private Property (New York: Harcourt, Brace, and World, 1932) and Graef S. Crystal's In Search of Excess: The Overcompensation of American Executives (New York: W.W. Norton, 1991), Bebchuk and Fried's new book is thought-provoking and interesting. It is a very important book and should be read not just by those interested in executive pay or corporate governance but by anyone interested in how corporations work.