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U.S. Fertility Rate Hits Record Low And Births Continue To Diminish, Kenneth M. Johnson May 2019

U.S. Fertility Rate Hits Record Low And Births Continue To Diminish, Kenneth M. Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this data snapshot, Demographer Kenneth Johnson reports that National Center for Health Statistics data for 2018 show the lowest general fertility rate on record and just 3,788,000 births—the fewest in 32 years. This decline in births is entirely due to reduced fertility rates among women in their 20s and teenagers. The decrease has immediate implications for health care, schools, child-related businesses, and eventually for the labor force.


Northern New Hampshire Youth In A Changing Rural Economy: A Ten-Year Perspective, Eleanor M. Jaffee, Corinna Jenkins Tucker, Karen T. Van Gundy, Erin Hiley Sharp, Cesar Rebellon May 2019

Northern New Hampshire Youth In A Changing Rural Economy: A Ten-Year Perspective, Eleanor M. Jaffee, Corinna Jenkins Tucker, Karen T. Van Gundy, Erin Hiley Sharp, Cesar Rebellon

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

The Coös Youth Study was a ten-year research project about growing up in a rural county undergoing transformative economic and demographic changes. The study addressed how these changes affected youths’ well-being as well as their plans to stay in the region, pursue opportunities elsewhere, permanently relocate, or return to their home communities with new skills and new ideas. In this report, the authors describe their findings and point to specific areas for action to support and retain North Country youth. The study was sponsored by the Neil and Louise Tillotson Fund of the New Hampshire Charitable Foundation as one component ...


Support For Paid Family And Medical Leave In New Hampshire, Kristin Smith May 2019

Support For Paid Family And Medical Leave In New Hampshire, Kristin Smith

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this data snapshot, author Kristin Smith reports that 78 percent of New Hampshire residents stated support for a program that would provide a portion of wages to workers taking leave for personal or family medical reasons in October 2018. Women registered higher levels of support for paid family and medical leave insurance than men, and those with a liberal or moderate political ideology reported higher support than those with a conservative ideology. Levels of support did not vary significantly between regions in the state. Related to whether a program should require participation or be voluntary: more than two-thirds of ...


The Library Is For Everyone: Cultivating Campus Partnerships To Enhance Library Accessibility, Jenna Riley, Benjamin Peck, Eugenia Opuda, Kristin P. Dhabolt, Barbara Morris May 2019

The Library Is For Everyone: Cultivating Campus Partnerships To Enhance Library Accessibility, Jenna Riley, Benjamin Peck, Eugenia Opuda, Kristin P. Dhabolt, Barbara Morris

University Library Scholarship

This poster was presented at the ACRL NEC conference on May 6, 2019. The Accessibility Team, part of the Diversity and Inclusion Steering Committee at the University of New Hampshire Library, shared strategies and methods for establishing campus partnerships to enhance library space accessibility. They presented ideas about fostering outreach to campus partners, methods to assess their own physical library spaces, and strategies for collecting formal and informal data about library accessibility.


Great Bay Estuary Seaweed Monitoring Program: Quality Assurance Project Plan, 2019 - 2023, Kalle Matso, David M. Burdick, Gregg E. Moore, Arthur C. Mathieson May 2019

Great Bay Estuary Seaweed Monitoring Program: Quality Assurance Project Plan, 2019 - 2023, Kalle Matso, David M. Burdick, Gregg E. Moore, Arthur C. Mathieson

PREP Reports & Publications

No abstract provided.


The Motherhood Wage Penalty: High-Earning Women Are Doing Better Than Before, Rebecca Glauber Apr 2019

The Motherhood Wage Penalty: High-Earning Women Are Doing Better Than Before, Rebecca Glauber

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this data snapshot, author Rebecca Glauber discusses her research on the motherhood wage penalty. In her study, she asked whether the motherhood wage penalty has declined over the past few decades. A decrease began in the 1990s but was most pronounced for high-earning women and smallest for lower-earning women. Median-earners fell somewhere in between. Today, high-earning women, or those who make close to $100,000 per year, no longer pay a motherhood penalty. But low earners, or those struggling on $15,000 per year, do.


Closing Racial-Ethnic Gaps In Poverty: How Government Programs Compare, Marybeth J. Mattingly, Jessica A. Carson Apr 2019

Closing Racial-Ethnic Gaps In Poverty: How Government Programs Compare, Marybeth J. Mattingly, Jessica A. Carson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this data snapshot, authors Marybeth Mattingly and Jessica Carson explore the role of government programs in alleviating poverty for people with different racial-ethnic identities. Because poverty rates among non-Hispanic whites are significantly lower than among other groups, programs with disparate effects by race can either widen or decrease racial-ethnic gaps in the poverty rate. The authors find that SNAP and the EITC play particularly important roles for non-white populations; however, Social Security maintains low poverty rates among whites, and exacerbates the poverty gap between white and non-white populations. Policymakers who want to advance low income populations and promote racial-ethnic ...


Consumer Confidence In Nh Still High But May Have Peaked 4/25/2019, Unh Survey Center Apr 2019

Consumer Confidence In Nh Still High But May Have Peaked 4/25/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

Confidence in New Hampshire businesses is still high but has declined for the 2nd consecutive quarter. The NH economy has been strong for several years and unemployment is at record lows, but there are still signs of slippage.


Shaheen Viewed Favorably By Half Of Granite Staters In Run-Up To 2020 Reelection Campaign 4/24/2019, Unh Survey Center Apr 2019

Shaheen Viewed Favorably By Half Of Granite Staters In Run-Up To 2020 Reelection Campaign 4/24/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

In the run-up to the 2020 elections, New Hampshire's senior senator Jeanne Shaheen continues to have high favorability. Shaheen's colleague in the Senate, Maggie Hassan, is slightly less popular, while Representative Annie Kuster is only somewhat popular in NH's Second District. Just over half of NH First District residents are neutral or aren't sure of their opinion of newly-elected Representative Chris Pappas.


Sununu's Job Approval Falls From All-Time High; Bipartisan Optimism About Nh Overall 4/23/2019, Unh Survey Center Apr 2019

Sununu's Job Approval Falls From All-Time High; Bipartisan Optimism About Nh Overall 4/23/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

Governor Chris Sununu's job approval has declined from an all-time high in February, but his approval mirrors that of his predecessor Maggie Hassan at the same point in her governorship. Only four in ten Democrats approve of Sununu's performance as Governor, but they are just as likely as Republicans to say the state is headed in the right direction. The percentage of Granite Staters who cite the drug crisis as the most important problem facing the state has fallen by nearly 20% over the past year.


Sanders Increases Lead Over Biden As Buttigieg Vaults Into Top 3; Little Support For Potential Challengers To Trump 4/22/2019, Unh Survey Center Apr 2019

Sanders Increases Lead Over Biden As Buttigieg Vaults Into Top 3; Little Support For Potential Challengers To Trump 4/22/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

Bernie Sanders continues to lead the Democratic field in New Hampshire and a plurality of likely Democratic voters say he is the most progressive candidate and has the best chance to win the general election. Support for South Bend (IN) Mayor Pete Buttigieg has increased markedly since February and nearly equals support for Joe Biden. Half of likely Democratic voters express concern over how nominating a candidate over 70 will affect the general election; fewer are worried about nominating an openly gay or female candidate. Likely Republican primary voters express little support for potential challengers to Donald Trump.


Migration Fuels A Second Year Of Higher Population Gain In New Hampshire, Kenneth M. Johnson Apr 2019

Migration Fuels A Second Year Of Higher Population Gain In New Hampshire, Kenneth M. Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this data snapshot, author Kenneth Johnson reports that the population of New Hampshire grew by 6,700 between July of 2017 and July of 2018 to 1,356,000 according to new Census Bureau estimates. This gain coupled with a population increase of 7,400 last year added 14,100 residents to the state between 2016 and 2018. This gain is 50 percent greater than the increase between 2014 and 2016, though it remains modest compared to gains in the 1970s and 1980s. Migration accounted for nearly all of this growth.


Approval Of Trump Stable, Increases Among Core Constituencies 4/19/2019, Unh Survey Center Apr 2019

Approval Of Trump Stable, Increases Among Core Constituencies 4/19/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

Four in ten New Hampshire residents approve of Donald Trump's performance as President, largely unchanged over the past year. Approval of Trump has increased over the past year among core groups of supporters such as conservative radio listeners and self-described conservatives. Granite Staters continue to give Trump higher marks for his handling of the economy than his handling of foreign affairs, approval of which is at its lowest point since February 2018.


Rural America Growing Again Due To Migration Gains, Kenneth M. Johnson Apr 2019

Rural America Growing Again Due To Migration Gains, Kenneth M. Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

For the first six years of this decade, rural America experienced overall population loss for the first time in history. New Census Bureau estimates suggest that last year overall growth accelerated in nonmetropolitan America where 46.1 million people reside.


The Poverty-Reducing Effect Of Five Key Government Programs In Rural And Urban America, Jessica Carson, Marybeth Mattingly Apr 2019

The Poverty-Reducing Effect Of Five Key Government Programs In Rural And Urban America, Jessica Carson, Marybeth Mattingly

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this brief, authors Jessica Carson and Marybeth Mattingly explore the extent to which rural and urban residents access five social programs—Social Security, disability benefits, federal and state cash assistance, the Earned Income Tax Credit, and the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program—and the effect of these programs individually and collectively in bringing family incomes closer to the poverty threshold. They report that these programs combined keep 11.5 percent of rural and 7.6 percent of urban residents out of poverty. Social Security is especially important: without it, poverty would increase by 4.4 percentage points in urban places ...


Job Protection And Wage Replacement: Key Factors In Take Up Of Paid Family And Medical Leave Among Lower-Wage Workers, Kristin Smith Apr 2019

Job Protection And Wage Replacement: Key Factors In Take Up Of Paid Family And Medical Leave Among Lower-Wage Workers, Kristin Smith

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

In this brief, author Kristin Smith discusses two key factors—job protection and sufficient wage replacement—that influence take up of paid family and medical leave among lower-wage workers. She reports that lower-wage workers have substantially less access to employer-provided paid family and medical leave than higher-earning workers. More than nine in ten New Hampshire residents support guaranteed job protection for all workers taking paid family or medical leave. Eighty-eight percent of New Hampshire workers believe that a wage replacement rate of 60 percent or more for a worker taking leave is the right amount. She concludes that if state ...


Write Free Or Die: Vol. 05, No. 02, Unh Writing Programs Apr 2019

Write Free Or Die: Vol. 05, No. 02, Unh Writing Programs

Writing Program Newsletter

Going with the Flow, Page 1

Upcoming Events, Page 1

Writing Committee Members, Page 2

Ask Spence (Bibliographic Management Tools), Page 3

Grammar Box (Lay vs Lie), Page 4

Dangling Modifier (Attention Economy), Page 5

Bad Ideas (Digital Natives), Page 6

Profile (Ben Peck), Page 7

Past Perfect, Page 8


Seagrassnet Monitoring Program 2019 - 2023: Quality Assurance Project Plan, Kalle Matso, Fred Short Apr 2019

Seagrassnet Monitoring Program 2019 - 2023: Quality Assurance Project Plan, Kalle Matso, Fred Short

PREP Reports & Publications

No abstract provided.


Physical-World Knowledge And Public Views On Climate Change, Lawrence C. Hamilton, Linda M. Fogg Mar 2019

Physical-World Knowledge And Public Views On Climate Change, Lawrence C. Hamilton, Linda M. Fogg

Faculty Publications

Climate change is a formidable topic, challenging the research efforts of countless scientists across many different fields. Surveys find surprisingly high levels of confidence among nonscientists, however, regarding their own understanding of climate change. More than threefourths of the respondents on recent U.S. surveys claimed to understand either a moderate amount or a great deal about climate change. Follow-up questions testing actual knowledge suggest that self-assessments are high relative to physical-world knowledge. For some people, self-assessments reflect confidence in their political views rather than geographical or science knowledge. This paper replicates and extends previous research using new data: an ...


The Potential Role For Cdfis In The Opportunity Zones Of The Investing In Opportunities Act (Iioa), Charles Tansey, Michael Swack Mar 2019

The Potential Role For Cdfis In The Opportunity Zones Of The Investing In Opportunities Act (Iioa), Charles Tansey, Michael Swack

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

The Opportunity Zones legislation was designed to mobilize new levels of capital into low- and moderate-income (LMI) communities – areas that have historically been overlooked and underserved by mainstream capital markets. As longstanding financial partners to LMI communities, Community Development Financial Institutions (CDFIs), it would seem, are positioned to play a pivotal role in the Opportunity Zones ecosystem. Yet the legislation presents a challenge on that front. As the law dictates, the mechanism through which Qualified Opportunity Zone Fund investments must be made are equity instruments, while CDFIs tend to operate more on the lending side. For this reason, the CDFI ...


Fy 2020 Air Force Young Investigator Program (Yip) Deconstruct 3.20.19, Lynnette Hentges Mar 2019

Fy 2020 Air Force Young Investigator Program (Yip) Deconstruct 3.20.19, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

A tool for researchers to use when preparing proposals to submit to the Fiscal Year 2020 Air Force Young Investigator Research Program (YIP), this deconstruction presents the information from Funding Opportunity Announcement (FOA) FOA-AFRL-AFOSR-2019-0003 in a bulleted format that is easy to use.


Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Defense, Energy, And Security – Federal Agencies -- 3.20.19, Lynnette Hentges Mar 2019

Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Defense, Energy, And Security – Federal Agencies -- 3.20.19, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

This comprehensive list of funding opportunities for early career investigators offered by federal agencies that are appropriate for UNH researchers working in the areas of defense, energy, and security provides information about program focus, eligibility requirements, funding amount and time period, as well as deadlines and links to the program web site and latest application instructions.


Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Federal Agencies -- 3.20.19, Lynnette Hentges Mar 2019

Funding Opportunities Specifically For Early Career Unh Investigators: Science, Technology, Engineering, And Math (Stem) – Federal Agencies -- 3.20.19, Lynnette Hentges

Early Career Investigators

This comprehensive list of funding opportunities for early career investigators offered by federal agencies that are appropriate for UNH researchers working in the areas of science, technology, engineering, and math provides information about program focus, eligibility requirements, funding amount and time period, as well as deadlines and links to program web sites and application instructions.

Opportunities available from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) are listed separately.


Data Snapshot: Hispanic Population Of Child-Bearing Age Grows, But Births Diminish, Kenneth M. Johnson Mar 2019

Data Snapshot: Hispanic Population Of Child-Bearing Age Grows, But Births Diminish, Kenneth M. Johnson

The Carsey School of Public Policy at the Scholars' Repository

The U.S. population grew by just 0.62 percent last year, the smallest rate of increase in eighty years. Future growth now depends on minority population gains, because the white population is no longer growing. Hispanics are the largest minority group and now account for the majority of U.S. population gain.


Nh Consumer Confidence Slightly Down From Previous All-Time Highs 3/7/2019, Unh Survey Center Mar 2019

Nh Consumer Confidence Slightly Down From Previous All-Time Highs 3/7/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

New Hampshire residents remain optimistic about business conditions in New Hampshire and the country. Republicans are significantly more optimistic about the economy than are Democrats.


Shaheen Most Popular Member Of Nh Congressional Delegation Ahead Of 2020 Campaign 3/6/2019, Unh Survey Center Mar 2019

Shaheen Most Popular Member Of Nh Congressional Delegation Ahead Of 2020 Campaign 3/6/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

New Hampshire's senior senator Jeanne Shaheen remains the most popular member of the state's Congressional delegation ahead of her 2020 reelection campaign. Shaheen's colleague Maggie Hassan is slightly less popular, while representatives Annie Kuster and newly-elected Chris Pappas are only somewhat popular in their respective districts.


Two In Three Nh Residents Support Legalization Of Marijuana For Recreational Use 3/5/2019, Unh Survey Center Mar 2019

Two In Three Nh Residents Support Legalization Of Marijuana For Recreational Use 3/5/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

More than two-thirds of Granite Staters support legalizing marijuana for recreational use. Support has increased dramatically since 2013 and bi-partisan majorities now favor the policy. An even larger majority would approve of marijuana being sold at licensed outlets and taxed at levels similar to alcohol or tobacco.


Great Bay Estuary Tidal Tributary Monitoring Program (Gbettmp): Quality Assurance Project Plan 2019 - 2023, Kalle Matso, Michelle Shattuck, Jody Potter Mar 2019

Great Bay Estuary Tidal Tributary Monitoring Program (Gbettmp): Quality Assurance Project Plan 2019 - 2023, Kalle Matso, Michelle Shattuck, Jody Potter

PREP Reports & Publications

No abstract provided.


Sununu Enjoys All-Time High Job Approval; Fewer Granite Staters See Drugs As Nh's Most Important Problem 3/1/2019, Unh Survey Center Mar 2019

Sununu Enjoys All-Time High Job Approval; Fewer Granite Staters See Drugs As Nh's Most Important Problem 3/1/2019, Unh Survey Center

All UNH Survey Center Polls

Governor Chris Sununu's job approval is at an all-time high; two-thirds of Granite Staters approve of his performance and six in ten have a favorable personal opinion of him. Majorities of Democrats, Independents, and Republicans approve of the job the State Legislature is doing and nearly three-quarters say things in the state are going in the right direction. Fewer Granite Staters cite drugs as the most important problem facing the state than said so over the past three years.


Great Bay Estuary Water Quality Monitoring Program: Quality Assurance Project Plan 2019 - 2023, Kalle Matso, David M. Burdick, Gregg E. Moore, Arthur C. Mathieson Mar 2019

Great Bay Estuary Water Quality Monitoring Program: Quality Assurance Project Plan 2019 - 2023, Kalle Matso, David M. Burdick, Gregg E. Moore, Arthur C. Mathieson

PREP Reports & Publications

No abstract provided.