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Why The Economics Profession Must Actively Participate In The Privacy Protection Debate, John M. Abowd, Ian M. Schmutte, William Sexton, Lars Vilhuber May 2019

Why The Economics Profession Must Actively Participate In The Privacy Protection Debate, John M. Abowd, Ian M. Schmutte, William Sexton, Lars Vilhuber

Labor Dynamics Institute

When Google or the U.S. Census Bureau publish detailed statistics on browsing habits or neighborhood characteristics, some privacy is lost for everybody while supplying public information. To date, economists have not focused on the privacy loss inherent in data publication. In their stead, these issues have been advanced almost exclusively by computer scientists who are primarily interested in technical problems associated with protecting privacy. Economists should join the discussion, first, to determine where to balance privacy protection against data quality; a social choice problem. Furthermore, economists must ensure new privacy models preserve the validity of public data for economic ...


Organisation Change Plan, Dxc Technology Apr 2019

Organisation Change Plan, Dxc Technology

DXC Dandelion Program

[Excerpt] The vision of the program is the establishment of a capability within the organisation to attract, recruit, on-board and sustain talent from people on the autism spectrum.

Why is this important? As we know we are in a war for talent to fuel our organisation with capability and innovation to service our clients and future clients. Organisations such as DXC, JP Morgan Chase, Microsoft and SAP have commenced programs to reach into untapped talent pools.


Metajelo: A Metadata Package For Journals To Support External Linked Objects, Carl Lagoze, Lars Vilhuber Apr 2019

Metajelo: A Metadata Package For Journals To Support External Linked Objects, Carl Lagoze, Lars Vilhuber

Labor Dynamics Institute

We propose a metadata package that is intended to provide academic journals with a lightweight means of registering, at the time of publication, the existence and disposition of supplementary materials. Information about the supplementary materials is, in most cases, critical for the reproducibility and replicability of scholarly results. In many instances, these materials are curated by a third party, which may or may not follow developing standards for the identification and description of those materials. As such, the vocabulary described here complements existing initiatives that specify vocabularies to describe the supplementary materials or the repositories and archives in which they ...


Organisation Change Plan: Getting Started, Dxc Technology Mar 2019

Organisation Change Plan: Getting Started, Dxc Technology

DXC Dandelion Program

[Excerpt] The vision of the program is the establishment of a capability within the organisation to attract, recruit, on-board and sustain talent from people on the autism spectrum.

Why is this important? As we know we are in a war for talent to fuel our organisation with capability and innovation to service our clients and future clients. Organisations such as DXC, JP Morgan Chase, Microsoft and SAP have commenced programs to reach into untapped talent pools.


Woodstock, Town Of And United Federation Of Police Officers, Local 439 (2019) (Moa) Jan 2019

Woodstock, Town Of And United Federation Of Police Officers, Local 439 (2019) (Moa)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


New Windsor, Town Of And Town Of New Windsor Unit #7917, Csea Local 1000, Afscme, Afl-Cio, Orange County Local 836 (2019) Jan 2019

New Windsor, Town Of And Town Of New Windsor Unit #7917, Csea Local 1000, Afscme, Afl-Cio, Orange County Local 836 (2019)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


Brighton Fire District And Brighton Professional Firefighters Association, International Association Of Firefighters (Iaff), Afl-Cio, Local 2223 (2019) (Moa) Jan 2019

Brighton Fire District And Brighton Professional Firefighters Association, International Association Of Firefighters (Iaff), Afl-Cio, Local 2223 (2019) (Moa)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


Triangle, Town Of And Town Of Triangle Highway Department Unit, International Brotherhood Of Teamsters (Ibt), Afl-Cio, Local 317 (2019) Jan 2019

Triangle, Town Of And Town Of Triangle Highway Department Unit, International Brotherhood Of Teamsters (Ibt), Afl-Cio, Local 317 (2019)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


New Windsor, Town Of And New Windsor Superior Officers Bargaining Unit #7917, Csea Local 1000, Afscme, Afl-Cio, Orange County Local 836 (2019) Jan 2019

New Windsor, Town Of And New Windsor Superior Officers Bargaining Unit #7917, Csea Local 1000, Afscme, Afl-Cio, Orange County Local 836 (2019)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


New Windsor, Town Of And New Windsor Patrolmens Benevolent Association (2019) Jan 2019

New Windsor, Town Of And New Windsor Patrolmens Benevolent Association (2019)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


Jefferson, Town Of And Town Of Jefferson Highway Department Unit, International Brotherhood Of Teamsters (Ibt), Afl-Cio, Local 294 (2019) Jan 2019

Jefferson, Town Of And Town Of Jefferson Highway Department Unit, International Brotherhood Of Teamsters (Ibt), Afl-Cio, Local 294 (2019)

Collective Bargaining Agreements - NYS Public Employment Relations Board (PERB)

No abstract provided.


On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, Ileen A. Devault, Maria Figueroa, Fred B. Kotler, Michael Maffie, John Wu Jan 2019

On-Demand Platform Workers In New York State: The Challenges For Public Policy, Ileen A. Devault, Maria Figueroa, Fred B. Kotler, Michael Maffie, John Wu

Research Studies and Reports

[Excerpt] This report examines one specific subset of New York state’s contingent workforce: on-demand workers who obtain work through online platforms or “apps.” Often referred to popularly as “gig” workers, we use the phrase “on-demand platform workers” in an attempt to clarify the workers to whom we refer.

Our research shows that on-demand platform workers:

  • Are notoriously difficult to count, due to factors such as the part-time quality of their work, high turnover rates and confusion over the definition of terms;

  • Experience low and unstable earnings and a lack of benefits, requiring reliance on second or third jobs, other ...


Land Use And Zoning Law: A Citizen’S Guide, Arthur Giacalone Dec 2018

Land Use And Zoning Law: A Citizen’S Guide, Arthur Giacalone

Buffalo Commons

Zoning and land use decisions have major impacts on the well-being of a community. The purpose of this handbook is to help individuals and groups in Buffalo and Erie County understand land use and zoning law, terminology and procedures so they can more effectively express their concerns about proposed projects or changes in land use laws.


Population Aging And Inequality: Evidence From The People's Republic Of China, Xudong Chen, Bihuang Huang, Shaoshuai Li Dec 2018

Population Aging And Inequality: Evidence From The People's Republic Of China, Xudong Chen, Bihuang Huang, Shaoshuai Li

International Publications

Population aging has significant economic and social costs, and this paper studies its impacts on inequality, both theoretically and empirically. First, we build a two-period overlapping-generation model with an uncertain lifetime and find that population aging has the overall effect of increasing income and consumption inequality within the society. For the empirical analysis, we use household data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey to assess the age effect on income and consumption inequality in the People’s Republic of China and confirm the results predicted by the theoretical model.


Disability In The Workplace In China: Current Realities And Ways Forward (Roundtable Summary Report), The Conference Board, Susanne M. Bruyere Dr. Dec 2018

Disability In The Workplace In China: Current Realities And Ways Forward (Roundtable Summary Report), The Conference Board, Susanne M. Bruyere Dr.

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan Institute on Employment and Disability Collection

According to official statistics, there are an estimated 85 million persons living with a disability in China. Due to stigma, discrimination, and a lack of successful government strategies, they are economically and socially marginalized, with limited access to education, training programs, and work opportunities. The quota system currently in place in is not effective in enabling labor market participation for persons with disabilities in China. In 2015, a mere 0.3 percent of China’s total urban employment consisted of persons with a disability–a far cry from the mandated 1.5 percent. Further analysis and subsequent discussions with employers ...


Disability In The Workplace In China: Situation Assessment, The Conference Board, Susanne M. Bruyere Dr. Dec 2018

Disability In The Workplace In China: Situation Assessment, The Conference Board, Susanne M. Bruyere Dr.

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan Institute on Employment and Disability Collection

A compelling argument can be made that employment of people with disabilities should be gaining recognition as an underutilized weapon in the talent wars of Asia. One has only to look at the proportion of people with disabilities that make up our communities, the continuing employment disparities that people with disabilities continue to face and the resulting high levels of poverty for this population – up against the talent shortages in fast-growth markets across the region.

As China’s skewed demographic dynamics become increasingly apparent, resulting in a rapidly aging population and a diminishing supply of workforce entrants, an increasing share ...


Social Movements And Hr: The Impact Of #Metoo, David Boyle, Amanda Cucchiara Dec 2018

Social Movements And Hr: The Impact Of #Metoo, David Boyle, Amanda Cucchiara

CAHRS White Papers

[Excerpt] Considering the increased societal attention given to sexual harassment and assault, and the wide range of reactions to #MeToo, we wanted to know how companies are reacting, whether they are changing their policies and practices, and whether the societal movement is impacting company culture. The highlights of our study show opportunities in culture, leadership, policy and reporting formulation, and training practices. During our study, we also found innovative practices that could be replicated across companies. Lastly, we have included a self-assessment tool to measure progress in addressing sexual harassment and assault within an organization


Research Brief: Ada Employment Discrimination Charges Citing Harassment, Sarah Von Schrader Dec 2018

Research Brief: Ada Employment Discrimination Charges Citing Harassment, Sarah Von Schrader

K. Lisa Yang and Hock E. Tan Institute on Employment and Disability Collection

This brief presents some descriptive information about charges filed under the ADA that cite harassment and a summary of a qualitative analysis of case notes from a subset of the charge data. According to the EEOC, discriminatory behavior that qualifies as harassment under the ADA is unwelcome conduct based on disability, “Where 1) enduring the offensive conduct becomes a condition of continued employment, or 2) the conduct is severe or pervasive enough to create a work environment that a reasonable person would consider intimidating, hostile, or abusive”.


Gladnet: Promise And Legacy, Aldred Neufeldt, Barbara Murray, Susanne M. Bruyere Dec 2018

Gladnet: Promise And Legacy, Aldred Neufeldt, Barbara Murray, Susanne M. Bruyere

GLADNET Collection

[Excerpt] The Global Applied Disability Research and Information Network on Employment and Training (GLADNET) was launched by the International Labour Organization (ILO) in 1995, in cooperation with over 50 social policy research centres, governmental and non- governmental organizations involved in disability-related employment programmes from over thirty countries around the world. Major organizations of persons with disabilities were also represented – the World Blind Union, the World Federation of the Deaf, Inclusion International (formerly the International League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap (ILSMH)) and Disabled Peoples International (DPI).

GLADNET’s lifespan was little more than a generation (1995 – 2018). What ...


What Does A Successful Leader Look Like In The Future Of Work?, Lydia Varón, Renu Deshmukh Dec 2018

What Does A Successful Leader Look Like In The Future Of Work?, Lydia Varón, Renu Deshmukh

Student Works

[Excerpt] By 2021, four generations will be in the workplace. Each of these generations has unique attitudes, behaviors and approaches that will need to be recognized and managed. In order to be a successful organization and win during the war for talent, companies will need to identify the different needs across generations, and implement competitive strategies to attract and retain both current and future talent. It is a common belief amongst experts and scholars that the most important difference between a successful and unsuccessful organization is that of effective leadership. With the future of work changing, it is critical for ...


The Geography Of Poverty In Erie And Niagara Counties, Eli J. Levine Nov 2018

The Geography Of Poverty In Erie And Niagara Counties, Eli J. Levine

Buffalo Commons

Poverty rates are highest in the urban centers of Buffalo, Niagara Falls, and Lockport, and on the Tuscarora and Cattaraugus Reservations. The only major suburb with significant levels of poverty is Lackawanna. But although the rate of poverty is highest in the cities, many more people live outside of the cities than in them; thus, the number of people living in poverty outside the cities is roughly equal to that inside them.


Low-Wage Work In Buffalo-Niagara, John Sullivan Baker, Sam Magavern Nov 2018

Low-Wage Work In Buffalo-Niagara, John Sullivan Baker, Sam Magavern

Buffalo Commons

One-third of the Buffalo-Niagara workforce works in an occupation with a median wage of less than $15 per hour. Common low-wage occupations include food servers, retail salespeople, cashiers, personal care aides, receptionists, janitors, teacher assistants, nursing assistants, home health aides, and security guards. Buffalo-Niagara continues to lose middle-income jobs in sectors such as manufacturing, while gaining low-wage service sector jobs. Improving the wages, benefits, and quality of these jobs is essential to the health and equity of our region.


What Are The Best Practices To Conduct Sales Training?, Yiyi Chen, Jenny Song Nov 2018

What Are The Best Practices To Conduct Sales Training?, Yiyi Chen, Jenny Song

Student Works

[Excerpt] Annually, companies in the U.S. spend over $70 billion on training and an average of $1459 per salesperson. This is almost 20% more than what companies spend on workers in all other functions. However, the returns on investment from sales training tend to disappoint. Studies demonstrate that participants in traditional curriculum-based training forget more than 80% of the information taught within 90 days. Nonetheless, sales training can still have significant positive impact if appropriate training strategies are employed. Therefore, this report will detail some of the best practices for sales training in the each of the stages of ...


Managing Risk: International Labor And Human Rights, Baker & Mckenzie Nov 2018

Managing Risk: International Labor And Human Rights, Baker & Mckenzie

Law Firms

A corporate leader’s nightmare scenario: waking to the news of the collapse of a factory manufacturing the company’s products, reading headlines about the company’s involvement in child labor abuses, or learning of work stoppages at supplier plants over human rights issues.

As companies worldwide face rising pressure to comply with international labor and human rights standards, these scenarios cause great concern among corporate leaders for good reason. In addition to potential harm to workers, failing to manage labor and human rights risks can have a significant, long-lasting impact on their business strategies, legal risk profile and brand ...


Improving Teen Engagement In Buffalo And Erie County, Hannah Sosenko, Emily Bramhall, Sara Jablonski Nov 2018

Improving Teen Engagement In Buffalo And Erie County, Hannah Sosenko, Emily Bramhall, Sara Jablonski

Buffalo Commons

Erie County offers many opportunities for teen engagement through afterschool programs, summer jobs programs, and internships. National research reveals many benefits from these programs, such as improved academic achievement, better health outcomes, and reductions in violence. Participation, however, often drops significantly after youth enter high school. A better understanding of adolescent development and youth engagement strategies, ranging from active participation to shared leadership, will draw more teens into programs and maximize their impact.


What Are Some Effective And Innovative Approaches To Succession Planning?, Mikaila Mcandrew, Yiyi Chen Nov 2018

What Are Some Effective And Innovative Approaches To Succession Planning?, Mikaila Mcandrew, Yiyi Chen

Student Works

[Excerpt] As baby boomers are leaving the workforce and competition for top talent reaches an all time high, succession planning is increasingly important for companies if they want to maintain organizational resilience. However, 57% of organizations do not plan for succession. Of the organizations that do implement a succession plan, there are three top mistakes that are often made: they fail to formally implement a systematic and formalized succession plan, they fail to plan below the CEO role, or they fail to develop transition strategies for the future. These mistakes can prove to be costly to a company; if key ...


What Are The Benefits And Challenges Of Hiring Disabled Individuals?, Renu Deshmukh, Jenny Song Nov 2018

What Are The Benefits And Challenges Of Hiring Disabled Individuals?, Renu Deshmukh, Jenny Song

Student Works

[Excerpt] Having a diverse workforce is essential for a successful global economy. A recent survey of national and multinational companies report that executives often identify disability as an area that needs improvement in their diversity and inclusion efforts. There are currently over 18 million working-age people with disabilities in the United States (US), representing a large pool of talent. Unfortunately, the employment rate is only 33% for working-age people with disabilities compared to 76% for those without disabilities. Most people with disabilities would like to work but often remain unemployed or underemployed and they represent one of the largest sources ...


What Are The Predictors Of A Successful People Manager?, Anthony Berardocco, Amanda Cucchiara Nov 2018

What Are The Predictors Of A Successful People Manager?, Anthony Berardocco, Amanda Cucchiara

Student Works

[Excerpt] Managers, who account for 70% of the variance in employee engagement and are the reason for 75% of voluntary turnover, have significant fiscal impact. Therefore, an organization’s ability to identify, develop, and retain leaders is a critical competitive advantage. It is estimated that companies with capable leaders achieve, on average, 147% higher earnings per share than competitors, and, that negative employee-supervisor relationships cost some $360 billion per year in lost productivity. This summary will outline the characteristics of successful people managers, and will provide recommendations for identification processes that better predict performance.


How We Can Apply Ai, And Deep Learning To Our Hr Functional Transformation And Core Talent Processes?, Eunice Eunju Joh, William Blake White Nov 2018

How We Can Apply Ai, And Deep Learning To Our Hr Functional Transformation And Core Talent Processes?, Eunice Eunju Joh, William Blake White

Student Works

[Excerpt] While organizations agree with the importance of AI, only 31% are ready to embrace or have already applied it to their HR process. There are varying levels of acceptance for AI across the HR function. Top areas of implementation are: recruiting and hiring (49%), HR strategy and employee management decisions (31%), analysis of workplace policies (24%), and automation of tasks previously performed by humans (22%).


What Are Large Companies Really Doing About Pay Equity, If Anything?, Eunice Eunju Joh, Tj Clement Nov 2018

What Are Large Companies Really Doing About Pay Equity, If Anything?, Eunice Eunju Joh, Tj Clement

Student Works

[Excerpt] Women are now earning 98 cents for every dollar earned by men when controlling for position. Despite being small, the difference is still grating, and many people and institutions have decided that now is the time to close the gender pay gap once and for all. This executive summary will outline what steps, if any, large companies are taking to erase the wage gap and highlight the reasons companies are—or are not—taking these steps.