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Small-Farm Business Development Incubator For Refugee Farmers, Nicholas Wuertz Jan 2017

Small-Farm Business Development Incubator For Refugee Farmers, Nicholas Wuertz

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Central Iowa refugees with farming backgrounds were engaged in a variety of activities to help them become farmers in Iowa. Beginning with work in community gardens, the project began to help these aspiring farmers to learn about markets, production, and the realities of farm business planning in preparation for graduating them to their own farming operations.


Latino Groceries In The Rural Midwest: An Examination Of Food Security, Cultural Identity, And Economics, Lisa Bates, Leopold Center For Sustainable Agricutlure Jan 2017

Latino Groceries In The Rural Midwest: An Examination Of Food Security, Cultural Identity, And Economics, Lisa Bates, Leopold Center For Sustainable Agricutlure

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Iowa’s expanding Latino population patronizes tiendas (groceries) that offer products specially chosen for their cultural and culinary needs. This project explored how Iowa’s increasing local food production potentially could become a part of the produce offerings at these specialty stores.


Winter Rye Cover Crop Effect On Corn Seedling Pathogens, Thomas C. Kaspar Jan 2017

Winter Rye Cover Crop Effect On Corn Seedling Pathogens, Thomas C. Kaspar

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Scientists conducted laboratory and field studies to find out what effects cereal rye cover crops might have on corn yield under different contidions and different management tactics.


Integrating Project Knowledge And Models: The Next Step In Developing A Payment For Ecosystem Services Scheme For The Big Creek Watershed, Lisa A. Schulte Moore Jan 2017

Integrating Project Knowledge And Models: The Next Step In Developing A Payment For Ecosystem Services Scheme For The Big Creek Watershed, Lisa A. Schulte Moore

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The team developed a spatially targeted conservation planning scheme to foster water quality decision making in centeral Iowa's Big Creek watershed. The scheme is foundational to the potential development of a Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES) for the watershed. Big Creek watershed is an ideal Iowa location for this project because of the proximity of ecosystem service providers (farmers) to a large number of beneficiaries (water users).


Evaluating How Private Conservation Initiatives May Increase Farmer Adoption Of Conservation Practices, Neil Hamilton Jan 2017

Evaluating How Private Conservation Initiatives May Increase Farmer Adoption Of Conservation Practices, Neil Hamilton

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The Private Conservation Initiative (PCI) is a relatively new tactic to encourage landowners and their tenants to consider changing or adding to their conservation toolbox. This project took a closer look at the availability, mechanics, and potential effects of PCIs in Iowa.


Crop Diversity Effects On Soil Organic Matter And Nitrate Retention In Surface And Subsoils, Michael J. Castellano Jan 2017

Crop Diversity Effects On Soil Organic Matter And Nitrate Retention In Surface And Subsoils, Michael J. Castellano

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Much of the available soil organic carbon (SOC) is in subsoil, yet few studies have evaluated how crop rotation affects SOC below the plow layer. This project looks at whether crop rotations with greater belowground C inputs would increase SOC stocks by delivering C to subsoil with relatively low SOC levels.


Use Of Grazing Management To Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Emissions While Increasing Soil Organic Matter And Water-Holding Capacity Of Cool Season Pastures In Southern Iowa, James R. Russell Jan 2016

Use Of Grazing Management To Mitigate Greenhouse Gas Emissions While Increasing Soil Organic Matter And Water-Holding Capacity Of Cool Season Pastures In Southern Iowa, James R. Russell

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Grasslands play a major role in maintaining the stability and resiliency of ecosystems. This project explored the role that grazing system management could play to influence carbon sequestration and methane oxidation.


Covering The Ground: A Transformative Approach To Scientific Learning For Greater Cover Crop Adaptation In Iowa, Fernando E. Miguez Jan 2016

Covering The Ground: A Transformative Approach To Scientific Learning For Greater Cover Crop Adaptation In Iowa, Fernando E. Miguez

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

This project studied how farmers are making cover crops work in their cropping systems, which are dominated by corn and soybean rotations in much of Iowa. Researchers shared considerable data on cover crops with farmers in four focus groups and then encouraged them to engage with other farmers about their knowledge and experience with cover crops.


Budgeting For Organic Dairying, Larry Tranel Jan 2016

Budgeting For Organic Dairying, Larry Tranel

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The Pl identified the major types of farms producing organic milk based on typical breeds, production level and amount of grains fed. This information served as the basis for developing the nine organic dairy budgets.


Increasing Local Food Consumption In Rural Communities By Partnering With Nontraditional Food Retailers, Teresa Wiemerslage Jan 2016

Increasing Local Food Consumption In Rural Communities By Partnering With Nontraditional Food Retailers, Teresa Wiemerslage

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The project investigators partnered with small rural businesses (“nontraditional retailers”) to increase access to local, healthy foods, especially fruits and vegetables. The team purchased display coolers to use in these settings, and tested several locations.


Predicting Long Term Cover Crop Impacts On Soil Quality Using A Cropping Systems Model, Fernando E. Miguez Jan 2016

Predicting Long Term Cover Crop Impacts On Soil Quality Using A Cropping Systems Model, Fernando E. Miguez

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Cover crops have been proposed as a good option to improve water quality, decrease soil erosion and increase soil productivity in Iowa fields. This project uses a cropping system model to test those proposals while allowing for potential effects of climate change on cropping systems at the same time.


Management And Performance Of Iowa Cover Crops, Jacqueline Comito Jan 2016

Management And Performance Of Iowa Cover Crops, Jacqueline Comito

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Cover crops are valued by a growing number of Midwest corn and soybean growers for their ability to improve soil quality, combat soil compaction, minimize soil erosion, maximize soil nutrient capture, and protect water quality. This project allowed Iowa Learning Farms to collect significant additional data on Iowa cover crop production.


Market Development And Logistics For Local Food Distribution In The Cedar Valley, Jodie Huegerich Jan 2016

Market Development And Logistics For Local Food Distribution In The Cedar Valley, Jodie Huegerich

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Getting local food into the hands of consumers requires a variety of creative approaches. This project in northern Iowa demonstrated several ways to encourage marketing and sales of local food in the area.


Increasing The Capacity Of A Local Food Hub To Service The Public School Market, Teresa Wiemerslage Jan 2016

Increasing The Capacity Of A Local Food Hub To Service The Public School Market, Teresa Wiemerslage

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Cooperation with a local food hub can be beneficial for bringing together farmers and school district food services interested in serving local food to their students. This project in northeast Iowa successfully navigated some of the challenges for these groups to collaborate.


A Smartphone-Based Device For Measuring Soil Organic Matter, Meng Lu Jan 2016

A Smartphone-Based Device For Measuring Soil Organic Matter, Meng Lu

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The project evaluated the potential of utilizing a smartphone-based system for the in-field analysis of Soil Organic Matter. Although it demonstrated that the performance of the smartphone-based spectrometer can be comparable to commercial spectrometers, the results suggest that it is challenging to identify the spectral “signatures” of the SOM due to the morphology and moisture variation of soil samples.


Economic Impacts Of Soil Erosion In Iowa, Richard M. Cruse Jan 2016

Economic Impacts Of Soil Erosion In Iowa, Richard M. Cruse

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Everyone agrees that soil erosion is detrimental to Iowa agriculture. This study attempts to quantify the effects of erosion on contemporary crop yields and gauge the longer term impact on the agricultural economy in the state.


Watershed Stories: Grassroots Efforts In Iowa's Raccoon River Watershed, Betty Wells Jan 2016

Watershed Stories: Grassroots Efforts In Iowa's Raccoon River Watershed, Betty Wells

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Women farmland owners in Iowa’s Raccoon River watershed were engaged in a community-based project using Photovoice, a participatory research method, to take photos and tell the stories of how those photos show their connection to the watershed.


Integration Of Water, Nutrient An Carbon Cycling Under Diverse Annual Perennial Plant Community Systems In Agricultural Landscapes, Matthew J. Helmers Jan 2015

Integration Of Water, Nutrient An Carbon Cycling Under Diverse Annual Perennial Plant Community Systems In Agricultural Landscapes, Matthew J. Helmers

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

This study examined nutrient, water and carbon cycling processes and biodiversity patterns within replicated sub-watersheds that comprised different configurations of annual and perennial plant communities, ranging from conventional row crops to mixed annual and perennial systems to reconstructed native plant communities.


Suitability Of Winter Canola (Brassica Napus) For Enhancing Summer Annual Crop Rotations In Iowa, Mary H. Wiedenhoeft, Rafael A. Martinez-Feria, Thomas C. Kaspar, Keri L. Jacobs Jan 2015

Suitability Of Winter Canola (Brassica Napus) For Enhancing Summer Annual Crop Rotations In Iowa, Mary H. Wiedenhoeft, Rafael A. Martinez-Feria, Thomas C. Kaspar, Keri L. Jacobs

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

What are the prospects for winter canola as an alternative crop for Iowa farmers? This project examined the economics and costs/benefits of adding canola as a third crop or a cover crop in rotations.


Simple And Fast Detection Of E. Coli In Agricultural Water Sources And Runoff, Rebecca Cademartiri Jan 2015

Simple And Fast Detection Of E. Coli In Agricultural Water Sources And Runoff, Rebecca Cademartiri

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Investigators conducted experiments on the viability of new, quicker tests for the presence of E.Coli in water supplies. their preliminary data suggested that bacteriophages (viruses infecting bacteria) offer potential for detection of bacteria if the right medium can be found for testing.


Increasing The Number Of Herbaceous Species Appropriate For Restoration Of Nutrient Capture By Forest Remnants In Agricultural Landscapes, Janette R. Thompson Jan 2015

Increasing The Number Of Herbaceous Species Appropriate For Restoration Of Nutrient Capture By Forest Remnants In Agricultural Landscapes, Janette R. Thompson

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The researchers investigated methods for restoration of six forest herbaceous perennial species with potential for increasing nutrient capture and storage in degraded remnant forest systems in Iowa. They conducted common garden (greenhouse) and field planting experiments using local and non-local propagules.


Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe Jan 2014

Machinery Management For Small- And Medium-Sized Horticultural Farms, Georgeanne M. Artz, William M. Edwards, Darren H. Jarboe

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Machinery and equipment needs are far different for vegetable farms than for commodity production units. This project explored the unique machinery access options for small and mid-sized horticulture operations.


The Extent And Impact Of Trust Ownership On The Sustainability And Resiliency Of Iowa’S Agricultural Landscape, Edward Cox, Michael Duffy Jan 2014

The Extent And Impact Of Trust Ownership On The Sustainability And Resiliency Of Iowa’S Agricultural Landscape, Edward Cox, Michael Duffy

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

The popularity of trusts as a land management tactic has been increasing. Using survey results, an attorney and economics professor examined the kinds of trust arrangements that exist in Iowa and how they might be used to encourage conservation practices and sustainable agricultural management.


Innovative Equipment Solutions To Reduce Costs And Improve Productivity For Small-Scale Fruit And Vegetable Growers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve Jan 2014

Innovative Equipment Solutions To Reduce Costs And Improve Productivity For Small-Scale Fruit And Vegetable Growers, Georgeanne M. Artz, Linda L. Naeve

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

An array of equipment is available to help fruit and vegetable growers with specialized production and processing tasks. This study examined ways for these small operators to share equipment and maximize their use of the shared implements.


Development Of An Online Food Safety Training For Employees Of University Farms And School Gardens, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve Jan 2013

Development Of An Online Food Safety Training For Employees Of University Farms And School Gardens, Angela M. Shaw, Catherine Strohbehn, Linda L. Naeve

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

With a rise in the number of publicly accessed fruit and vegetable growing venues, there is a need for food safety training for staff of these schools and research facilities. This project created a variety of media options to educate workers about proper ways to handle fruit and vegetables to ensure food safety.


Evaluating Denitrifying Bioreactors For Edge-Of-Field Nitrogen Management In Iowa's Tile-Drained Landsacpes, Matt Helmers, Alok Bhandari Jan 2012

Evaluating Denitrifying Bioreactors For Edge-Of-Field Nitrogen Management In Iowa's Tile-Drained Landsacpes, Matt Helmers, Alok Bhandari

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Bioreactors show significant potential for removing nitrate from Iowa’s drained fields. The investigators tested the design and management of bioreactors to see what factors can make the bioreactors operate most efficiently, and how that performance compares to other drainage water quality improvement practices.


Connecting Family, Community And Health From A Food System Perspective, Kimberly A. Greder Jan 2012

Connecting Family, Community And Health From A Food System Perspective, Kimberly A. Greder

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

This project focused on identifying reasons why families with school-age children do or do not regularly consume locally grown foods, as well as strategies to increase consumption of locally grown foods by families.


Educational Presentation On Reducing Fossil Fuel Needs On Iowa’S Small To Mid-Sized Farms, Carole Yates Jan 2012

Educational Presentation On Reducing Fossil Fuel Needs On Iowa’S Small To Mid-Sized Farms, Carole Yates

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

This project funded four videos featuring Iowa farmers who have used energy efficiency, conservation and renewable energy on their farms. The Farm Energy Working Group developed the videos as part of an educational presentation for Iowa farmers and food leaders.


Experiential Educational Engagement With Working Groups And Communities Of Practice, Betty L. Wells Jan 2011

Experiential Educational Engagement With Working Groups And Communities Of Practice, Betty L. Wells

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

An ISU graduate class in sustainable agriculture was used to foment student interest in community-based projects related to the heightened interest in Iowa food, fiber and energy enterprises.


Reducing Pesticide Use In Iowa Vineyards: Alternatives To Herbicides For Vineyard Weed Management, Gail R. Nonnecke, Lisa M. Wasko Devetter, Thomas E. Loynachan, Paul A. Domoto Jan 2011

Reducing Pesticide Use In Iowa Vineyards: Alternatives To Herbicides For Vineyard Weed Management, Gail R. Nonnecke, Lisa M. Wasko Devetter, Thomas E. Loynachan, Paul A. Domoto

Leopold Center Completed Grant Reports

Mulches can play a role in vineyard management. This project explored the optimum uses and practices for applying various mulches to grape agroecosystems.