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Iron Pigments Through The Ages, Fathi Habashi Aug 2015

Iron Pigments Through The Ages, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Naturally occurring iron oxides were used since ancient times as ochre yellow and red pigments. It was only in the 18th century that artificially prepared Prussian blue was discovered. This discovery opened up a new field of chemistry - - cyano compounds.


Hydrometallurgy. A Personal View. Interview, Fathi Habashi Aug 2015

Hydrometallurgy. A Personal View. Interview, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

INTERVIEW OF FATHI HABASHI, by William McRae, Oral Historian, Canada Science and Technology Museums Corporation, Ottawa, (613) 793-2416, wmcrae@technomuses.ca August 25, 2015 at 10:00 am, Fairmont Hotel, Toronto


A Short History Of Uranium, Fathi Habashi Jul 2015

A Short History Of Uranium, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Uranium was discovered in 1781 by Klaproth, a pharmacist in Berlin, from the black mineral pitchblende found in Joachimsthal silver mines. Peligot in France in 1841 proved that what Klaproth isolated from pichblende was uranium oxide and not the metal. Uranium salts were used at that time to manufacture coloured glass before the discovery of its radioactivity in 1896. It became in great demand when its decay product radium was found to cure cancer. The discovery if uranium fission in 1939 was the reason for the manufacture of the first atomic bomb.


Mining And Civilization, Fathi Habashi Jul 2015

Mining And Civilization, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Ancient ruins or an ancient stone statue recalls the work of miners who brought the material from a quarry so that the sculptor can create a work of art. Carving of massive stone blocks and piercing tunnels in mountains are arts in which the same tools of mining are used and mining engineers are involved. Studying history of mining necessitates also the study of archaeology, art, architecture, and world history in general since it is the history of civilization. The pyramids of Egypt, the gold of Tut Ankh Amoun, the Coloseum in Rome, the Taj Mahal in Agra, and the ...


The Pyramids Of Egypt, Fathi Habashi Jun 2015

The Pyramids Of Egypt, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The Great Pyramid in Egypt built about two thousand years BC is not just a pile of stones. It is a grave containing a burial chamber, passages, and ventilation ducts, etc. It is an engineering feat. It took many centuries of experimentation till it was possible to build a true pyramid. There are about one hundred pyramids in Egypt. After about 500 years when the Egyptians stopped building pyramids, the Nubans who occupied Egypt around 1000 BC, built in Meroe another two hundred pyramids but far much smaller than those at Memphis.


Movement Of Scientists And The Production Of Aluminum, Fathi Habashi May 2015

Movement Of Scientists And The Production Of Aluminum, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Travelling scientists certainly have contributed to advancing knowledge by communicating their observations to others. Famous professors attract students from different countries to study in their institutions and the interaction among these students is of immense importance in the diffusion of knowledge. The invention of a process for the production of aluminum is an example.


Story Of Metals, Fathi Habashi May 2015

Story Of Metals, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Metals are not arranged according the Periodic Table or alphabetically but are arranged according to their discovery. There are two introductory chapters on metals and their history: Part 1. Metals Part 2. History of Metals and Metallurgy Part 3. Ancient Metals Part 4. Metalloids of the Alchemists Part 5. Metals from South America Part 6. Metals from the East Part 7. Eighteenth Century Metals Part 8. Metals of the Nineteenth Century Part 9. Twenty century metals The book is illustrated by many Figures mostly in color, biographies of many chemists and metallurgists, and many flowsheets of processes.


Joseph William Mellor (1869-1938) - - A Pioneer Ceramicist, Fathi Habashi Jan 2015

Joseph William Mellor (1869-1938) - - A Pioneer Ceramicist, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Mellor is known to chemists as the author of the monumental work on General and Inorganic Chemistry but he is also a pioneer ceramicist. It was under his direction in 1920 that the British Refractories Research Association was formed which eventually became in 1948 the British Ceramic Research Association. Mellor spent most of his professional career at Stoke-on-Trent working on pottery.


San Marcos University, Lima, Peru, Fathi Habashi May 2014

San Marcos University, Lima, Peru, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

In 2012 I was appointed Honorary Professor at San Marcos University in Lima, Peru and on May 28, 2014 I was awarded Dr. h.c.


The Magic Of Sculpture, Fathi Habashi Mar 2014

The Magic Of Sculpture, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Work of art the is worth admiring.


Gold In Egypt. A Historical Introduction, Fathi Habashi Dec 2013

Gold In Egypt. A Historical Introduction, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Gold was the first metal exploited by man and this took place in ancient Egypt and rendered Egypt a large empire. The ancient Egyptians were able to hammer gold and produce an extremely thin foil to cover wood. Later, there were attempts to transmute base metals into gold.


Altin Metalurjisinde Yeni Gelişmeler, Fathi Habashi Feb 2013

Altin Metalurjisinde Yeni Gelişmeler, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Gold has been extracted from its ores since ancient times. The modern industry, however, was established about hundred years ago when the cyanidation process was invented in 1887. The process was applied successfully for a variety of ores and found wide-spread application in 1970’s for ores containing as low as 1 ppm gold. In the last decade new chemical beneficiation process have been developed to treat ores that are not directly amenable to cyanidation. These involve aqueous oxidation of sulfide minerals containing gold at high temperature and pressure in autoclaves lined with acid-resisting brick.


Interview, Fathi Habashi Dec 2012

Interview, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Translation of an interview published in a Turkish mining magazine Madancilik Tukiye


Extractive Metallurgy Of Copper, Fathi Habashi Dec 2011

Extractive Metallurgy Of Copper, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

A short account on the extractive metallurgy of copper in 410 pages, fully illustrated in colour. It covers its chemistry, history, pyro-, hydro-, and electrometallurgy. Kinetics of leaching of copper ores and a literature guide are also included.


Travelling In Chile, Fathi Habashi Feb 2011

Travelling In Chile, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Chile is at present the largest copper and rhenium producer and was before World War I the largest nitrate producer. She is also an important producer of lithium carbonate and molybdenum oxide. An important event in the history of the country is the Pacific War of 1879-1883 in which she acquired the northern provinces initially belonged to Bolivia and Peru. In 1888 Chile annexed Easter Island. The Chilean mineral and cultural history is briefly reviewed together with the people who contributed to her development. The present report is the result of a number of academic and industrial visits to Chile ...


Metals From Ores. Introduction To Extractive Metallurgy [Arabic Translation], Fathi Habashi Jan 2011

Metals From Ores. Introduction To Extractive Metallurgy [Arabic Translation], Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

In 500 pages incorporating 215 illustrations (50 in colour) and numerous tables, the reader can get a clear idea about what are metals, how they are enriched by natural processes in the Earth’s crust, how they are located by geophysicists, exploited by mining engineers, concentrated by mineral dressing engineers, and finally treated by extractive metallurgists to get pure metals for everyday life. The book also includes a short historical account, basic theory, and an appendix giving a summary of the extraction scheme of each metal as well as a list of audiovisual documents related to metal extraction. The book ...


Beethoven: Patriotism And Social Justice, Fathi Habashi Feb 2010

Beethoven: Patriotism And Social Justice, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The great composer Ludwig van Beethoven was not only an exceptional musician but also a man of great ideals who expressed social justice in his music


Mining And Civilization, An Illustrated History, Fathi Habashi Dec 2009

Mining And Civilization, An Illustrated History, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Mining and Civilization has been conceived to compliment the author's two books History of Metallurgy and Readings in Historical Metallurgy and to fill a gap in the literature. It is difficult to study the history of metallurgy without studying the history of mining at the same time. Each time the author visits ancient ruins or examines an ancient stone statue he recalls the work of miners who brought the material from a quarry so that the sculptor can create a work of art. History of mining, quarrying, and stone carving is history of civilization.


Researches On Copper. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi Feb 2009

Researches On Copper. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The present volume is a collection of selected papers dealing with the extractive metallurgy of copper published by the author and his coworkers. They are reproduced here in a facsimile edition in 240 pages. In addition ten new chapters were specially written in 150 pages. The book is fully illustrated by many colored pictures, flowsheets, and diagrams. It is hoped that it will be useful for students, engineers, chemists, geologists, and for research workers.


Gold. History, Metallurgy, Culture, Fathi Habashi Feb 2009

Gold. History, Metallurgy, Culture, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Gold, the first metal used by man, has a special place among metals. It plays an important role in society and in world economics. It caused unprecedented mass migrations on three continents, and at least one war. It was responsible for creating many large cities, is highly prized, has been the inspiration of numerous myths, was the ultimate goal of alchemists, stored in the vaults of banks, widely on display in oriental bazaars, and is generously used in decorating churches and temples. The present volume is composed of two parts: a collection of selected papers published by the author on ...


70 Years Old. Department Of Mining, Metallurgical, And Materials Engineering, Université Laval [1938 - 2008], Fathi Habashi Mar 2008

70 Years Old. Department Of Mining, Metallurgical, And Materials Engineering, Université Laval [1938 - 2008], Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

A short illustrated history of Department of Mining, Metallurgical, and Materials Engineering at Université Laval in Quebec City, Canada [1938- 2008], on the occasion of celebrating 70 years of its foundation.


Aluminum. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi Feb 2008

Aluminum. History & Metallurgy, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The present volume is a collection of some papers published by the author during the period 1993 – 2008. They are reproduced here in facsimile edition arranged under the headings: The Pioneers, Metallurgy, and Selected Topics. In the last section a paper on the position of aluminum in the Periodic Table is included another on gallium since it is mainly produced as a by-product of the aluminum industry, and the history of aluminum as illustrated on postage stamps. Also included are selected chapters on the chemistry of aluminum and some of its compounds. The collection gives a rapid and fully illustrated ...


Historical Metallurgy Notes. A Compendium Of Articles And Book Reviews, Fathi Habashi Dec 2007

Historical Metallurgy Notes. A Compendium Of Articles And Book Reviews, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The Historical Metallurgy Committee was founded in 1978 to provide a forum for the Metallurgical Society members interested in the history of metallurgy and to promote the recording of Canadian achievement. One of the first initiatives of the Committee was to sponsor a section in the CIM Bulletin entitled Historical Metallurgy Notes. In this section original research on the history of Canadian metallurgical installation, anniversaries of certain metallurgical events, history of chemistry and metallurgy in the great empires, biographies and obituaries of distinguished metallurgists and mining engineers, and book reviews, have been published. In 1989 a compilation of selected articles ...


Casting Versus Carving Of The Pyramid Stones, Fathi Habashi Apr 2007

Casting Versus Carving Of The Pyramid Stones, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

The casting theory for the stones required for building the pyramids cannot be accepted - - reasons are given


Gallium Update [In Hungarian], Fathi Habashi Dec 2006

Gallium Update [In Hungarian], Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Gallium is nearly 130 years old, first discovered in sphalerite in 1877 but now mainly recovered as a by-product of bauxite. Its compounds find a wide variety of applications in modern technology. A review of its discovery, methods of extraction, and its applications are given. Translated from 17th International Symposium of ICSOBA combined with Light Metals 2006 of the Metallurgical Society of CIM


The Copts Of Egypt, Fathi Habashi Aug 2006

The Copts Of Egypt, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Egypt is one of the most ethnically homogeneous countries although she was invaded by many foreign armies. The country was known as the land of the Copts. It is a unique country where two religious transformations took place: from paganism to Christianity and from Christianity to Islam. The official language of the country also changed twice: from Egyptian to Greek and from Greek to Arabic, although the population was speaking Coptic from about the fourth century BC to the thirteenth century AD. In the first century AD all Egypt was Christianized. Many Copts adopted Islam to evade paying the tax ...


A Short History Of Mineral Processing, Fathi Habashi Aug 2006

A Short History Of Mineral Processing, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Crushing and grinding of ores and their beneficiation by washing away gangue minerals has been practiced since ancient times. Primitive crushing was done by hand pounding the ore with a hard stone then by using metallic hammers. The mortar and pestle was mechanized using a lever and when the size of operations increased in the middle ages, the stamp mill was introduced. The grindstone played an important role in grinding of ores. Panning for gold and hand sorting of minerals were two old methods of separation, now gave way to modern techniques. Flotation started in the middle of the nineteenth ...


The History Of Element 43 - Technetium, Fathi Habashi Jan 2006

The History Of Element 43 - Technetium, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Comments about the controversial discovery of technetium by Segrè and Perrier versus masurium by Ida and Walter Noddack


Mining And Metallurgical Heritage, Fathi Habashi May 2005

Mining And Metallurgical Heritage, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

A research unit entitled “Mining and Metallurgical Heritage” has been recently created at Laval University in Quebec City, whose purpose is to collect and disseminate information about the history of mining and metallurgy and to emphasize the importance of heritage awareness. The research unit is soliciting donations and financial support from industry, government, and individuals in addition to the moral support. Summary in Mining Engineering March 2005, page 15. A French summary in Trait D'Union [Laval University] March 2005, page 15.


Schools Of Mines. The Beginnings Of Mining And Metallurgical Education, Fathi Habashi Sep 2003

Schools Of Mines. The Beginnings Of Mining And Metallurgical Education, Fathi Habashi

Fathi Habashi

Education in mining and metallurgy started when Schools of Mines were created. These were usually founded in mining districts, to give instruction not only for future miners and metallurgists, but also for geologists and other technicians needed for the mining and metallurgical industries. Some of these started by private individuals, others were created by the ruler or by the State. Gradually, there became the need to have qualified administrators for the mines and smelters, and for teachers for these schools. As a result, some schools were elevated to academies or became later technical universities, some were closed due to exhaustion ...