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The Benefits Of Examining Multicultural Literature With A Critical Lens In Elementary School, Nicole Stamato-Pasaniello Feb 2020

The Benefits Of Examining Multicultural Literature With A Critical Lens In Elementary School, Nicole Stamato-Pasaniello

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the ways second grade students respond to multicultural literature when using a critical literacy approach. Three different multicultural text were chosen that contained familiar and unfamiliar social and cultural topics for students to discuss in a literature circle setting. Their conversation, questions, and connections to the literature were studied and analyzed for trends and evidence of change in students' beliefs and cultural and social competence.


What Happens When Emergent Readers Use Talk And Reader Response Journals To Comprehend Text?, Sarah E. Wint Feb 2020

What Happens When Emergent Readers Use Talk And Reader Response Journals To Comprehend Text?, Sarah E. Wint

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine what happens when emergent readers use talk and reader response journals during interactive read-aloud experiences. Student-teacher interviews, audio recorded conversations, student work and notes in a teacher researcher journal were all analyzed to determine if using talk and reader response journals led to a deeper understanding of text and impacted motivation and engagement in the classroom. The data was also analyzed to determine which teacher behaviors foster a stronger understanding of text. Findings were that using dialogue and writing in reader response journals can lead to a deeper understanding of text and ...


Organizational Factors That Contribute To The Persistence Of Two-Year Transfer Athletes At Division I Four-Year Institutions: A Multiple Case Study, Mensah Peterson Jan 2020

Organizational Factors That Contribute To The Persistence Of Two-Year Transfer Athletes At Division I Four-Year Institutions: A Multiple Case Study, Mensah Peterson

Theses and Dissertations

This multiple case study identifies the organizational factors that contribute to the persistence of two-year transfer athletes at two Division I four-year institutions in the Northeast Region Conference. This study utilized both quantitative and qualitative approaches as well as Berger and Milem's (2001) theoretical framework of organizational behavior and student outcomes to 1) identify the most prevalent two-year transfer athlete experiences; 2) find out how the most prevalent experiences, at each institution, contribute to their persistence and 3) identify the organizational dimensions two-year transfer athletes perceived as contributing to their most prevalent experiences. The findings showed that athletic experiences ...


Low-Cost Solid State Nanopore Biosensing Technology Towards Early Disease Detection, Julian Bello Jan 2020

Low-Cost Solid State Nanopore Biosensing Technology Towards Early Disease Detection, Julian Bello

Theses and Dissertations

Solid-state nanopore based biosensors are cost effective, high-throughput engines for single molecule detection of biomolecules, which is useful for detecting epigenetic modifications on DNA; one of these being the potentially cancerous hypo, or hypermethylation of CpG islands. Despite its immense potential in the realm of disease diagnostics, nanopore detection as it stands faces various limitations that inhibit it from widespread commercial use. These include the complex method of solid-state nanopore fabrication, fast DNA translocations through the pore causing poor resolution, and poor signal to noise ratio. The following work aims to improve the efficacy of the solid-state nanopore biosensing platform ...


"It Goes Both Ways" : How White Teachers View And Respond To Culture In The Diverse Classroom, Danielle Martin Jan 2020

"It Goes Both Ways" : How White Teachers View And Respond To Culture In The Diverse Classroom, Danielle Martin

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine how white teachers in a diverse school district view, respond to, and bridge cultural differences in the classroom. A pre-question, survey, audio recorded discussions, notes in a teacher research journal, and a post question were all analyzed to determine how four white, female teachers incorporated culture into the classroom as well as their receptiveness to culturally sustaining pedagogy. Findings were that these four teachers had a rudimentary understanding of culturally sustaining pedagogy prior to the study and while they made attempts to include culture in the classroom, these attempts were limited and ...


The Effects Of Movement Breaks In The Classroom On Reading, Kelly A. Simon Jan 2020

The Effects Of Movement Breaks In The Classroom On Reading, Kelly A. Simon

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of an increase in physical activity in the classroom on (a) the on-task behavior of special education students and (b) the reading comprehension scores in a READ 180 classroom. The aim of this study is to identify teaching strategies that impact the behavior and academic success of students with special needs. Five sixth graders, three males and two females, with learning disabilities participated in the study. A single-subject ABAB design was used. During the baseline phases, students did independent reading and a reading comprehension assignment without movements immediately beforehand. During ...


Direct Instruction In Blending And Segmenting Phonemes, Stephanie D. Minosse Jan 2020

Direct Instruction In Blending And Segmenting Phonemes, Stephanie D. Minosse

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine how third grade special education students' reading abilities were affected after receiving direct instruction in phoneme segmentation and blending. During the study students spent an average of two weeks practicing segmenting phonemes and another two weeks blending phonemes utilizing various activities. The last weeks of the study focused on applying the skills into actual reading situations. The study showed benefits in various areas including the utilization of manipulatives in relation to phonemes. Students were also positively impacted directly after receiving the direction instruction and practice activities, as there was an increase in ...


Fabrication Of Vascularized Scaffolds For The Treatment Of Spinal Cord Injury, Paul P. Partyka Jan 2020

Fabrication Of Vascularized Scaffolds For The Treatment Of Spinal Cord Injury, Paul P. Partyka

Theses and Dissertations

The overall goal of the research presented here is to evaluate the efficacy of transplanting scaffolds containing central nervous system vasculature to repair spinal cord injury. There are three major phases of this effort: development of a three-dimensional model of central nervous system vasculature, transplantation of a pre-vascularized scaffold and optimization of the biomaterial used to deliver vasculature to the injured spinal cord. This research has produced the first ever compliant, three-dimensional (3D) blood-brain barrier (BBB) vessel. In order to create vascularized scaffolds appropriate for transplantation into a rat model of spinal cord injury, techniques to fabricate and spatially pattern ...


Third Grade Students Collaborate And Construct Meaning Using New Literacies, Amanda Marie Mazzella Jan 2020

Third Grade Students Collaborate And Construct Meaning Using New Literacies, Amanda Marie Mazzella

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to study how students collaborate and construct learning using new literacies to understand literature. Specifically, this study investigated how responding to literature digitally shapes students' responses and what students perceive to be effective forms of collaboration. Surveys, interviews, students' constructed responses, anecdotal notes, and a teacher research journal were all analyzed and coded for emerging themes. The findings show that responding to literature digitally can increase classroom efficiency, student engagement, and student motivation. Online discussions also provided opportunities for students to effectively communicate and increased their ability to collaborate. As the study progressed, it ...


Bioadhesive Hydrogel Composite Cell Carrier For The Repair Of The Degenerated Intervertebral Disc, Thomas Richard Christiani Jan 2020

Bioadhesive Hydrogel Composite Cell Carrier For The Repair Of The Degenerated Intervertebral Disc, Thomas Richard Christiani

Theses and Dissertations

Lower back pain (LBP) affects the worldwide population and can be attributed to the degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD). The IVD is composed of a central nucleus pulposus (NP), a peripheral annulus fibrosus (AF), and adjacent cartilage endplates (CEPs). IVD degeneration is characterized by proteoglycan loss, tissue dehydration, and decreased hydrostatic pressure. In this work, the use of an injectable bioadhesive hydrogel composite for replacement of the degenerated NP was investigated.

Results indicate that the composite exhibits similar mechanical properties to the NP, adheres to AF tissue, and supports encapsulated mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) differentiation toward an NP-like phenotype ...


On The Cyclic Inelastic Behavior And Shakedown-Based Design Of Metallic Materials And Structures: Analysis And Experiments, Ismail Soner Cinoglu Jan 2020

On The Cyclic Inelastic Behavior And Shakedown-Based Design Of Metallic Materials And Structures: Analysis And Experiments, Ismail Soner Cinoglu

Theses and Dissertations

Metallic structures in many engineering disciplines are subject to repeated and extreme thermomechanical loading conditions. The conventional design of these types of structures, that are not limited by high-cycle fatigue, employs first-yield criteriain order to avoid failure due to cyclic plasticity. However, yield-limited designs often fail to produce acceptable solutions for multifunctional structures in extreme environments. In order to overcome these limitations and capitalize on the elastoplasticload-bearing reserve, this dissertation analytically, numerically, and experimentally demonstrates inelastic design methods that exploit shakedown for metallic structures. Several analytic and numerical case studies are presented that are relevant to aerospaceand civil engineering applications ...


An Exploratory Case Study On The Perceived Effectiveness Of Co-Teaching And A Need For Professional Development, Jaquelyn M. Joas-Foy Dec 2019

An Exploratory Case Study On The Perceived Effectiveness Of Co-Teaching And A Need For Professional Development, Jaquelyn M. Joas-Foy

Theses and Dissertations

Co-teaching is an instructional method used to educate many special education and at-risk youth. This study explored the perceived knowledge of and effectiveness with co-teaching through the perceptions of co-teachers and administrators at a large suburban high school. This study also explored the perceived effectiveness of co-teachers in Gately & Gately's eight components of effective co-teaching (2001). Four dyads completed the Co-teaching Rating Scale and a questionnaire. They also engaged in classroom observations and a focus group. Data from these data sources along with a focus group that included administrators from the high school generated a picture of co-teaching and ...


Extracting Social Network From Literary Prose, Tarana Tasmin Bipasha Dec 2019

Extracting Social Network From Literary Prose, Tarana Tasmin Bipasha

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis develops an approach to extract social networks from literary prose, namely, Jane Austen’s published novels from eighteenth- and nineteenth- century. Dialogue interaction plays a key role while we derive the networks, thus our technique relies upon our ability to determine when two characters are in conversation. Our process involves encoding plain literary text into the Text Encoding Initiative’s (TEI) XML format, character name identification, conversation and co-occurrence detection, and social network construction. Previous work in social network construction for literature have focused on drama, specifically manually TEI-encoded Shakespearean plays in which character interactions are much easier ...


Chasing The Genetics Of Ascites In Broilers Using Whole Genome Resequencing, Alia Parveen Dec 2019

Chasing The Genetics Of Ascites In Broilers Using Whole Genome Resequencing, Alia Parveen

Theses and Dissertations

We are using whole genome resequencing to identify chromosomal regions associated with resistance or susceptibility to ascites, a form of pulmonary hypertension syndrome, meat-type chickens. Previous Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS) based on Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) have identified regions on chromosomes 2, 9 and Z. Despite several GWAS and further genotyping, there are no reliable or potential markers for ascites phenotype. We have completed screening of Copy Number Variations (CNVs) and Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms in ascites resistant and susceptible birds from the relaxed, REL, line derived from a commercial elite broiler line. DNA samples from resistant and susceptible birds ...


Non-Native Leaf Litter Modifies Algal Resources With Effects On Tadpole Growth, Spencer L. Cruz Dec 2019

Non-Native Leaf Litter Modifies Algal Resources With Effects On Tadpole Growth, Spencer L. Cruz

Theses and Dissertations

Leaf litter species play a key role in determining the quality and quantity of algal resources in aquatic ecosystems as a cross-boundary subsidy. The invasion of non-native plant species into forests can alter aquatic resources. I investigated the effects of non-native leaf litter species on algal resources and green frog, Lithobates clamitans, development using a randomized complete block experiment that lasted 288 days. In experimental ponds, I added two non-native and two native leaf litter species in the presence and absence of tadpoles. Early in the experiment, Japanese honeysuckle and Chinese privet decreased periphyton N:P ratios and stimulated tadpole ...


Functional Importance Of Lipin Phosphorylation, Stephanie Elizabeth Hood Dec 2019

Functional Importance Of Lipin Phosphorylation, Stephanie Elizabeth Hood

Theses and Dissertations

Highly conserved throughout evolution, lipins are dual functioning proteins found from yeast to humans. Functioning in the cytoplasm as phosphatidate phosphatase enzymes (PAP), lipins produce diacylglycerol that serves as a precursor for neutral fats and membrane phospholipids. Alternatively, nuclear lipins are responsible for the regulation of metabolic genes. Interestingly, both the mammalian lipin 1 paralog and the single Drosophila Lipin ortholog are highly phosphorylated proteins. Target of rapamycin (TOR) has previously been identified as one of the kinases that controls the subcellular localization of both lipin 1 and Drosophila Lipin. However, other serine and threonine kinases are predicted to be ...


Sentiment Analysis, Quantification, And Shift Detection, Kevin Labille Dec 2019

Sentiment Analysis, Quantification, And Shift Detection, Kevin Labille

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focuses on event detection within streams of Tweets based on sentiment quantification. Sentiment quantification extends sentiment analysis, the analysis of the sentiment of individual documents, to analyze the sentiment of an aggregated collection of documents. Although the former has been widely researched, the latter has drawn less attention but offers greater potential to enhance current business intelligence systems. Indeed, knowing the proportion of positive and negative Tweets is much more valuable than knowing which individual Tweets are positive or negative. We also extend our sentiment quantification research to analyze the evolution of sentiment over time to automatically detect ...


Components Of Mindfulness Training: Impacts On Attention And Affect, Maximilian Fey Dec 2019

Components Of Mindfulness Training: Impacts On Attention And Affect, Maximilian Fey

Theses and Dissertations

The literature on mindfulness supports a distinction between two components of non-judgmental acceptance and directed attention. The present research analyzed whether there are distinct differences in attentional capabilities or affect between mindfulness inductions which differed in either including only directed attention or directed attention and non-judgmental acceptance. I hypothesized that the acceptance component of mindfulness would increase participants sustained attentional capabilities relative to a control condition; furthermore, I hypothesized that the non-judgmental acceptance component of mindfulness would lead to significant increases in positive affect and decreases in negative affect relative to control. Lastly, I hypothesized that an individual difference measure ...


Species Richness And Ecological Diversity Of Myxomycetes And Myxomycete-Like Organisms In The Tropical Forests Of Brazil, Isadora Lima Coelho Dec 2019

Species Richness And Ecological Diversity Of Myxomycetes And Myxomycete-Like Organisms In The Tropical Forests Of Brazil, Isadora Lima Coelho

Theses and Dissertations

Tropical rain forests cover less than two percent of Earth's surface, yet they sustain the greatest diversity of living organisms on the planet. Tropical rain forests cover nearly 73% of the Brazilian territory and besides harboring some of the most biodiverse ecosystems on the planet, this vast area also houses about 83% of the Brazilian population. Approximately 175 million people live in urban and rural areas with fragments of coverage of these biomes which contributes to the loss of biodiversity that rapidly increases over the years. Furthermore, the majority of the taxonomic and ecological efforts to describe and protect ...


Durability Of Hybrid Large Area Additive Tooling For Vacuum Infusion Of Composites, Nathan Joseph Northrup Dec 2019

Durability Of Hybrid Large Area Additive Tooling For Vacuum Infusion Of Composites, Nathan Joseph Northrup

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this research was to scientifically validate potential cost-saving measures for production of large area additively manufactured tooling for vacuum infusion of composites. These cost saving measures included using a hybrid additive/subtractive manufacturing system to fabricate the mold, requiring lower capital cost and creating shorter lead times. Fiberglass reinforcement was used instead of carbon in the mold material. The validation was done by designing and fabricating a mold for a custom test artifact and analyzing the surface geometry over the course of multiple infusions until tool failure.After printing and machining, the mold required a sealer in ...


Yea, Yea, Nay, Nay: Uses Of The Archaic, Biblical Yea In The Book Of Mormon, Michael Edward De Martini Dec 2019

Yea, Yea, Nay, Nay: Uses Of The Archaic, Biblical Yea In The Book Of Mormon, Michael Edward De Martini

Theses and Dissertations

This work examines the word yea in the Book of Mormon, the Earliest Text and enumerates the usages found therein. Already recognized definitions in addition to new definitions are given with examples. Also included are textual variations from the Earliest Text and the current Book of Mormon used generally as scripture in the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints.


Collecting Aztalan: An Analysis Of The Chipped Stone Projectile Points From The Milwaukee Public Museum’S Aztalan (Je-0001) Legacy Collections, Kevin Akemann Dec 2019

Collecting Aztalan: An Analysis Of The Chipped Stone Projectile Points From The Milwaukee Public Museum’S Aztalan (Je-0001) Legacy Collections, Kevin Akemann

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis is a qualitative analysis of chipped stone projectile points from the Milwaukee Public Museum that were obtained from private collectors who reportedly surface collected these artifacts from the site of Aztalan (47-JE-0001). Private collections like these, referred to as Legacy Collections, are the result of early collecting and excavation practices, by private and professional individuals, and in this research, have been only partially examined in relation to Aztalan and mostly overlooked in favor of materials with more reliable and scientific provenience. Through this research I developed a database from the MPM's digital inventory, handwritten catalogs, accession records ...


Information Structure In Standard Arabic Verbal Sentences, Salem Albuhayri Dec 2019

Information Structure In Standard Arabic Verbal Sentences, Salem Albuhayri

Theses and Dissertations

This thesis investigates Information Structure (IS) in relation to the clausal architecture in Standard Arabic (SA). The attention is confined to word order variation and its role in structuring discourse. The structural positions with potential information structure import are argued to appear at the edg-es of phases, namely vP and CP. It presents an analysis which brings together the minimalist scheme as embodied in Chomsky (2000, onwards) and the cartographic approach to discourse as embodied in Rizzi (1997, 2001) and Cinque (1999). First, in chapter (‎2) a distinction is made be-tween VSO and SVO clauses, in which I propose that ...


Cavity Environmental Control System Upgrade For Nasa’S Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy, Ashraf Al-Hajjeh Dec 2019

Cavity Environmental Control System Upgrade For Nasa’S Stratospheric Observatory For Infrared Astronomy, Ashraf Al-Hajjeh

Theses and Dissertations

The main goal of this project is to fulfill the need of a controller upgrade for the Cavity Environmental Control System (CECS) on NASA’s Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy (SOFIA) aircraft. The preceding controller had multiple disadvantages including operating in an unpressurized region, incomplete functionality implementation, limited fault and status monitoring capability, and reduced maintainability and reliability. The new controller will go through the NASA design process to fulfill all the requirements of CECS operation including complete functionality of all devices currently installed on the aircraft, added devices to improve fault and health monitoring, and overall improvement in maintainability ...


Probing The Early Steps In The Catalytic Reduction Of Nitrite To Ammonia, Catalyzed By Cytochrome C Nitrite Reductase, Md Mahbbat Ali Dec 2019

Probing The Early Steps In The Catalytic Reduction Of Nitrite To Ammonia, Catalyzed By Cytochrome C Nitrite Reductase, Md Mahbbat Ali

Theses and Dissertations

Cytochrome c Nitrite Reductase (ccNiR) is a periplasmic, decaheme homodimeric enzyme that catalyzes the six-electron reduction of nitrite to ammonia. Under standard assay conditions catalysis proceeds without detected intermediates, and it’s been assumed that this is also true in vivo. However, this report demonstrates that in vitro it’s possible to trap putative intermediates by controlling the electrochemical potential at which reduction takes place. Such experiments provide valuable insights regarding ccNiR-catalyzed nitrite ammonification.

UV/Vis spectropotentiometry showed that nitrite-loaded Shewanella oneidensis ccNiR is reduced in a concerted 2-electron step to generate an {FeNO}7 moiety at the active site ...


An Intersectional Analysis Of The Role Race And Gender Play In Welfare Recipients’ And Case Manager Experiences, Stephanie Baran Dec 2019

An Intersectional Analysis Of The Role Race And Gender Play In Welfare Recipients’ And Case Manager Experiences, Stephanie Baran

Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation is an ethnographic study of food insecurity in Milwaukee and how people receiving benefit assistance understand themselves, others and how they thought others understand them. This frame was duplicated for social workers and poverty organizations in the Milwaukee area. Using a series of theoretical viewpoints, the study utilizes racial theories, as well as, symbolic violence and annihilation to discuss how various aspects of recipients, social workers and poverty organizations interact within the theoretical margins. Taking place over one and a half years and including 350 observation hours at a local food pantry, the study found that respondents feel ...


The Time Is Now: Embodiments Of The Hyper-Present In Contemporary American Literature, Robert Bruss Dec 2019

The Time Is Now: Embodiments Of The Hyper-Present In Contemporary American Literature, Robert Bruss

Theses and Dissertations

For many years, writers have argued the predominant temporality of contemporary experience is an intensified present. David Harvey and Fredric Jameson argued that such an intense emphasis on the present was one of postmodernism’s principle features. Harvey argued that new communication technologies resulted in a "time-space compression” that created the sense that “the present is all there is.” Similarly, Jameson argued that postmodernism reflected the logic of late capitalism, resulting in a society that “has begun to live in a perpetual present” that obliterates one’s awareness of the past or future. Although many consider we have moved beyond ...


Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Bloom Ecology And Cyanotoxins In The Eutrophic Lake Winnebago-Green Bay Water System, Sarah L. Bartlett Dec 2019

Cyanobacterial Harmful Algal Bloom Ecology And Cyanotoxins In The Eutrophic Lake Winnebago-Green Bay Water System, Sarah L. Bartlett

Theses and Dissertations

Cyanobacterial harmful algal blooms (cyanoHABs) are frequently observed in water bodies used for recreation and drinking water production and can be detrimental to humans, animals, and general water quality. CyanoHABs are natural occurrences, but human activities such as agriculture, land use change, and runoff from urban and rural landscapes can promote and accelerate their expansion. The blooms are aesthetically unpleasing scums and can be laden with toxins (cyanotoxins) and toxic or otherwise bioactive peptides (TBPs) that can be harmful to humans and animals. Despite the vast research on cyanoHABs, cyanotoxin and TBP diversity and dynamics within a water column are ...


Dynamic Vehicular Trajectory Optimization For Bottleneck Mitigation And Safety Improvement, Wenqing Chen Dec 2019

Dynamic Vehicular Trajectory Optimization For Bottleneck Mitigation And Safety Improvement, Wenqing Chen

Theses and Dissertations

Traffic bottleneck is defined as a disruption of traffic flow through a freeway or an arterial, which can be divided as two categories: stationary bottleneck and moving bottleneck. The stationary bottleneck is mainly formed by the lane drops in the multi-lane roadways, while the moving bottleneck are due to the very slowing moving vehicles which disrupt the traffic flow. Traffic bottlenecks not only impact the mobility, but also potentially cause safety issues.

Traditional strategies for eliminating bottlenecks mainly focus on expanding supply including road widening, green interval lengthening and optimization of intersection channelization. In addition, a few macroscopic methods are ...


Looking For Group: Sociality, Embodiment, And Institutions In World Of Warcraft, Christopher J. Cooley Dec 2019

Looking For Group: Sociality, Embodiment, And Institutions In World Of Warcraft, Christopher J. Cooley

Theses and Dissertations

This ethnography examines the varying degrees of conflict between multiple stakeholders involved in the massively multiplayer online role-playing game World of Warcraft (WoW). The game’s designers, like many software developers in the contemporary world, tend to be guided by an ideology influenced by classical liberalism, but also inspired by a utopian view of technology in general. That ideological position has directly affected many aspects of the game, from the largely unregulated in-game economy, to the strong emphasis on individual mastery of the game’s systems to progress through the complete content of the game world. World of Warcraft advertises ...