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University of Richmond

1992

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Almost Difference Sets And Reversible Divisible Difference Sets, James A. Davis Dec 1992

Almost Difference Sets And Reversible Divisible Difference Sets, James A. Davis

Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Let G be a group of order mn and N a subgroup of G of order n. If D is a k-subset of G, then D is called a (m, n, k, λ1, λ2) divisible difference set (DDS) provided that the differences dd'-1 for d, d'D, d ≠ d' contain every nonidentity element of N exactly λ1 times and every element of G - N exactly λ2 times. Difference sets are used to generate designs, as described by [4] and [9]. D will be called an Almost Difference set (ADS) if λ1 and λ ...


Learning Styles Of Students And Instructors: An Analysis Of Course Performance And Satisfaction, Marshall A. Geiger, Edmund J. Boyle Oct 1992

Learning Styles Of Students And Instructors: An Analysis Of Course Performance And Satisfaction, Marshall A. Geiger, Edmund J. Boyle

Accounting Faculty Publications

Accounting educators have utilized Kolb's Learning Style Inventory (LSI) in the assessment of accounting students and the accounting curriculum. This study extends these earlier works by examining the effect of student and instructor learning style, as measured by the revised 1985 LSI, on introductory course performance and ratings of satisfaction with both the course and the instructor.

The results indicate no significant effect of student/teacher learning style interaction on final course grade or students' ratings of satisfaction. However, instructors having a convergent learning style were given significantly higher satisfaction ratings regardless of student learning style.


A Road Less Traveled To A Federal Era, John Paul Jones Jul 1992

A Road Less Traveled To A Federal Era, John Paul Jones

Law Faculty Publications

Professor Jones examines efforts to ratify the federal Equal Rights Amendment which ended unsuccessfully in 1982. He argues that efforts to use the federal courts to fill in the gaps in protection of rights based on gender are likely to fall far short of what the Amendment would have provided, and that a renewed attempt at ratification would likely meet the same fate as the earlier one. He suggests a third alternative, U.S. ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, as the most feasible means of achieving the goals of the ERA ...


The Preclusive Effect Of Unemployment Compensation Determinations In Subsequent Litigation: A Federal Solution, Ann C. Hodges Jul 1992

The Preclusive Effect Of Unemployment Compensation Determinations In Subsequent Litigation: A Federal Solution, Ann C. Hodges

Law Faculty Publications

This article examines the use of the doctrine of collateral estoppel to preclude litigation of statutory and common law actions challenging employee discharge based on determinations in unemployment compensation proceedings. First, the article reviews the history of the doctrine of collateral estoppel and examines the policies underlying its application. Next, the article reviews unemployment compensation law and analyzes the cases that have considered whether unemployment compensation determinations have preclusive effect in later litigation. After examining the existing law, the article engages in a comparative analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of according preclusive effect to unemployment compensation determinations, in light ...


Netsim: A Network Performance Simulator, Lewis Barnett Iii Jun 1992

Netsim: A Network Performance Simulator, Lewis Barnett Iii

Math and Computer Science Technical Report Series

The performance of computer communication networks is often given only cursory treatment in undergraduate Networking or Computer Communication courses. A simulation package for the investigation of many aspects of Local Area Network (LAN) performance is introduced. Its use as a tool for allowing undergraduate Networking students to investigate the performance of a popular networking system is discussed.


Construction Of Relative Difference Sets In P-Groups, James A. Davis May 1992

Construction Of Relative Difference Sets In P-Groups, James A. Davis

Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Jungnickel (1982) and Elliot and Butson (1966) have shown that (pj+1,p,pj+1,pj) relative difference sets exist in the elementary abelian p-group case (p an odd prime) and many 2-groups for the case p = 2. This paper provides two new constructions of relative difference sets with these parameters; the first handles any p-group (including non-abelian) with a special subgroup if j is odd, and any 2-group with that subgroup if j is even. The second construction shows that if j is odd, every abelian group of order pj+2 and exponent ...


What Are The Costs Of Disinflation?, Dean D. Croushore May 1992

What Are The Costs Of Disinflation?, Dean D. Croushore

Economics Faculty Publications

The Federal Reserve can use monetary policy to reduce the inflation rate, a process known as disinflation. Are the benefits of disinflation worth the costs? Proponents of disinflation argue that the long-run benefits of price stability, including lower interest rates, increased economic efficiency, and perhaps faster economic growth, greatly exceed the short-run costs. Opponents, of course, claim the opposite, usually arguing that the short-run costs in terms of higher unemployment and lost output would be immense.


Learning Styles Of Introductory Accounting Students: An Extension To Course Performance And Satisfaction, Marshall A. Geiger Apr 1992

Learning Styles Of Introductory Accounting Students: An Extension To Course Performance And Satisfaction, Marshall A. Geiger

Accounting Faculty Publications

Togo and Baldwin (1990) have recently utilized Kolb's 1976 Learning Style Inventory (LSI) in the assessment of introductory accounting student performance. This study extends this earlier work by examining the effect of learning style, as measured by the 1985 LSI, on introductory exam performance and ratings of satisfaction with the introductory course. Learning style was found to be significantly related to overall exam performance; with those maintaining a similar learning style as the instructor (i.e. assimilator) performing best. Additionally, learning style was also found to affect student ratings of course satisfaction.


A Survey Of Mucilaginous Testa In Chamaesyce, Martha S. Jordan, W. John Hayden Apr 1992

A Survey Of Mucilaginous Testa In Chamaesyce, Martha S. Jordan, W. John Hayden

Biology Faculty Publications

Seeds of Chamaesyce were studied for presence of mucilaginous testa. Samples were selected to represent all major systematic sections within the genus. Observations were made with a dissecting microscope following brief hydration of seeds; additional SEM observations of both intact and fractured dry seeds were made for selected species. With few exceptions, most of Boissier's subsections test positively for seed mucilage; however, mucilage is generally absent in subsections Gymnadeniae and "Sclerophyllae", for which absence of mucilage is regarded as secondary loss from mucilagionus ancestors. Although mucilage production is associated with a well-defined subepidermal layer of macroesclereids, it is the ...


A Generalization Of Kraemer's Result On Difference Sets, James A. Davis Mar 1992

A Generalization Of Kraemer's Result On Difference Sets, James A. Davis

Math and Computer Science Faculty Publications

Kraemer has shown that every abelian group of order 22d+ 2 with exponent less than 22d+ 3 has a difference set. Generalizing this result, we show that any nonabelian group with a central subgroup of size 2d+ 1 together with an exponent-like condition will have a difference set.


Postpetition Lending Under Section 364: Issues Regarding The Gap Period And Financing For Prepackaged Plans, David G. Epstein Jan 1992

Postpetition Lending Under Section 364: Issues Regarding The Gap Period And Financing For Prepackaged Plans, David G. Epstein

Law Faculty Publications

If the priorities provided by section 364(c) are insufficient to entice potential lenders to provide sufficient :financing to a Chapter 11 debtor, the debtor may, with the court's approval, obtain credit by granting the lender a lien on property of the debtor that is senior to existing liens on such property (a "priming lien"). The granting of such a priming lien, however, is subject to several statutory conditions. First, as with section 364(c), the debtor must prove that it cannot obtain credit on any less intrusive basis (i.e., through the use of section 364(a), (b ...


Civil Justice Planning In The Montana Federal District, Carl W. Tobias Jan 1992

Civil Justice Planning In The Montana Federal District, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

The Montana Federal District Court recently finalized its civil justice expense and delay reduction plan under the Civil Justice Reform Act (CJRA) of 1990. In April, 1992, the Montana District essentially adopted whole cloth, and made effective, the civil justice plan that it had issued in December, 1991 to qualify for designation as an Early Implementation District Court (EIDC). Relatively few members of the Montana Bar exhibited much interest in the planning effort that preceded promulgation of the civil justice plan. Because the new procedural regime that the Montana District instituted could significantly change the character of federal court practice ...


Sin, Scandal, And Substantive Due Process, Wendy Collins Perdue Jan 1992

Sin, Scandal, And Substantive Due Process, Wendy Collins Perdue

Law Faculty Publications

For students of civil procedure, the names Pennoyer and Neff evoke these dry facts: In an initial suit, one J.H. Mitchell sued Neff in Oregon state court. Because Neff could not be found within Oregon, he was served by publication. Neff never appeared, and a default judgment was entered against him. To satisfy the judgment, Mitchell attached Neff's Oregon real estate. The property was sold at auction, and Pennoyer later acquired it. Nearly a decade later, Neff returned to Oregon and brought suit in federal court to evict Pennoyer from the land, claiming that the original judgment was ...


Reconsidering Rule 11, Carl W. Tobias Jan 1992

Reconsidering Rule 11, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

The Advisory Committee on the Civil Rules recently proposed that the Supreme Court and Congress amend Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 11. 1 The Rule, as revised in 1983, has been the most controversial amendment in the half-century history of the Federal Rules. Judges have inconsistently applied the 1983 revision, and it has engendered much expensive satellite litigation. Considerable evidence suggests that Rule 11 activity has chilled civil rights plaintiffs and attorneys. These difficulties led the Advisory Committee to initiate a study of the Rule in August of 1990, to solicit written public comments on its operation which were due ...


Book Review: The North Carolina Legal Deskbook, Timothy L. Coggins Jan 1992

Book Review: The North Carolina Legal Deskbook, Timothy L. Coggins

Law Faculty Publications

A book review on The North Carolina Legal Deskbook: The Common Sense Approach 1992-93.


Montana Fight Over Women's Rights, Carl W. Tobias Jan 1992

Montana Fight Over Women's Rights, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

Report of abortion protests that took place in various locations around Montana.


The Montana Federal Civil Justice Plan, Carl W. Tobias Jan 1992

The Montana Federal Civil Justice Plan, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

The Montana Federal District Court and thirty-three other federal districts recently took steps to qualify as Early Implementation District Courts (EIDC) under the Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990. The Montana District completed the development of its civil justice expense and delay reduction plan, which also includes numerous proposed amendments of the local rules necessary to implement the plan, before the December 31, 1991 statutory deadline. In the last issue of this journal, I analyzed the work that preceded development of the plan. I examined the efforts of the Advisory Group to Implement the Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990 ...


Judicial Oversight Of Civil Justice Reform, Carl W. Tobias Jan 1992

Judicial Oversight Of Civil Justice Reform, Carl W. Tobias

Law Faculty Publications

Thirty-four Early Implementation District Courts have recently taken steps to implement the Civil Justice Reform Act of 1990 by issuing civil justice plans premised on reports that their advisory groups assembled. An important component of this unprecedented nationwide examination of the condition of the federal trial courts has now moved to the phase in which circuit committees and the Judicial Conference will review the reports and the plans. If the national experiment in reform of the civil justice system is to reduce expense and delay in civil litigation, the circuit committees and the Judicial Conference must completely and carefully evaluate ...


Teaching Legal Research: Past And Present, Joyce Manna Janto Jan 1992

Teaching Legal Research: Past And Present, Joyce Manna Janto

Law Faculty Publications

For years librarians have debated which procedures will most effectively instruct law students in the art of legal research. Ms. Janto and Ms. Harrison-Cox trace the history of these efforts and propose a model program for the teaching of legal research.


A Model For College Library Visits, Lucretia Mcculley, Christine Campbell Jan 1992

A Model For College Library Visits, Lucretia Mcculley, Christine Campbell

University Libraries Faculty and Staff Publications

Describes how classroom teachers and librarians at J.R. Tucker High School in Henrico County, Va. worked together with librarians at the Boatwright Memorial Library of the University of Richmond to make a research project beneficial to the students.


The Limits Of Natural Law: Thomas Rutherforth And The American Legal Tradition, Gary L. Mcdowell Jan 1992

The Limits Of Natural Law: Thomas Rutherforth And The American Legal Tradition, Gary L. Mcdowell

Jepson School of Leadership Studies articles, book chapters and other publications

The history of American constitutional jurisprudence has been marked by a persistent fascination with the idea of natural law. This springs first and foremost from the fact that we understand as our constitutional foundation those “laws of Nature and of Nature’s God” to which Thomas Jefferson made such eloquent appeal in the Declaration of Independence. Further, American politics since the founding of the republic has been characterized by a commitment, with more or less success, to the simple truth James Madison posited in The Federalist. “Justice,” Madison declared, “is the end of government. It is the end of civil ...


Teasing Tales And Tit(Bit)S, Daryl Cumber Dance Jan 1992

Teasing Tales And Tit(Bit)S, Daryl Cumber Dance

English Faculty Publications

Collection of African-American folklore from Shuckin' and Jivin' by Daryl Dance.


W.J. Cash, The New South And The Rhetoric Of History, Edward L. Ayers Jan 1992

W.J. Cash, The New South And The Rhetoric Of History, Edward L. Ayers

History Faculty Publications

Despite the attention devoted to the fiery early chapters of The Mind of the South, where Cash's language and audacity take us by surprise, the heart of the book lies in the New South. Cash wrote above all, I think, to explain why the white Southerners he knew--those in the cotton mill country of the Carolina Piedmont--behaved the way they did. The years after Reconstruction consume two-thirds of Cash's book because those are the years that troubled him, that posed the problems he felt most acutely.


Homicide And History, Edward L. Ayers Jan 1992

Homicide And History, Edward L. Ayers

History Faculty Publications

Violence seems more threatening today than in the relatively recent past. For centuries, crime was kept out of sight. The "criminal classes" were segregated from the rest of society. Newspapers, police, and courts paid relatively little attention to crimes among the poor. Today, things are different: television news thrives on scenes of flashing lights, distraught parents, and bloody sidewalks. Police continually patrol parts of town they used to ignore. Modern transportation permits members of the "dangerous classes" to range more widely than before. As a result, the general population is far more aware of violence now than in the past.


Guilt As Management Technology: A Call To Heideggerian Reflection, Ladelle Mcwhorter Jan 1992

Guilt As Management Technology: A Call To Heideggerian Reflection, Ladelle Mcwhorter

Philosophy Faculty Publications

Martin Heidegger was born in 1889 in Messkirch, Germany, a small town in the Black Forest. He died in 1976. As these dates indicate, Heidegger lived through a time when Western civilization was undergoing a series of upheavals probably now only dimly imaginable to those of us who are the products of them. His life spanned a technological revolution that changed even the most basic patterns of human (and certainly not only human) life in the industrialized world.


Asceticism/Askēsis: Foucault's Thinking Historical Subjectivity, Ladelle Mcwhorter Jan 1992

Asceticism/Askēsis: Foucault's Thinking Historical Subjectivity, Ladelle Mcwhorter

Philosophy Faculty Publications

In the Introduction to The Use of Pleasure Foucault calls his work an askēsis, "an exercise of oneself in the activity of thought." The "living substance of philosophy," Foucault writes, is the essay, "which should be understood as the assay or test by which, in the game of truth, one undergoes changes, and not as the simplistic appropriation of others for the purpose of communication." Foucault's work, then, does not simply report to us his conclusions or theories. Foucault is not primarily interested in imparting information. What he offers instead is a kind of exercise book.


Deaths Of Art: David Carrier's Metahistory Of Artwriting, Gary Shapiro Jan 1992

Deaths Of Art: David Carrier's Metahistory Of Artwriting, Gary Shapiro

Philosophy Faculty Publications

This essay is a critical examination of David Carrier's Artwriting (1987), which offered a philosophical account of the implicit strategies of narrative and presentation deployed by a wide range of art historians and critics. Here, this author raises some questions concerning Carrier's attempt to describe or define a genre of 'art-writing' distinct from philosophical aesthetics; he also discusses Carrier's views in the context of those writers whom Carrier examines in Artwriting.


Groupthink And The Classroom: Changing Familiar Patterns To Encourage Critical Thought, Scott D. Johnson, Richard L. Weaver Ii Jan 1992

Groupthink And The Classroom: Changing Familiar Patterns To Encourage Critical Thought, Scott D. Johnson, Richard L. Weaver Ii

Rhetoric and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

Groupthink is an unhealthy decision-making pattern characterized by a high degree of cohesiveness and a striving for consensus among the members of a decision-making group. This article considers the classroom as a potential contributor to the groupthink phenomenon, comparing the antecedent conditions for group think with typical classroom conditions and expectations. With a plausible, though unproven, link between the classroom and group think decision making, four suggestions are offered teachers for encouraging independent thought and action in students. The four suggestions include adding critical-thinking skills, decision-making skills, small group communication skills, and conflict management skills to the curriculum. These additions ...


Ohio Principals’ Perceptions Of Communication Skills, Factors, And Courses Among Criteria For Secondary- Teacher Effectiveness, Scott D. Johnson, Richard A. Zeller, Richard L. Weaver Ii Jan 1992

Ohio Principals’ Perceptions Of Communication Skills, Factors, And Courses Among Criteria For Secondary- Teacher Effectiveness, Scott D. Johnson, Richard A. Zeller, Richard L. Weaver Ii

Rhetoric and Communication Studies Faculty Publications

In a recent article in Communication Education, Curtis, Winsor, and Stephens (1989) presented the results of a study that assessed managers’ perceptions of the skills and abilities of greatest significance in the business setting. The authors concluded “It is our belief and the belief of perspective (sic) employers throughout the United States that courses such as public speaking, listening, and interpersonal communication should be included as an oral communication core in (business programs)” (p. 13). The present study seeks to expand their findings and beliefs to a secondary-education setting. Specifically, this paper presents the results of a survey study conducted ...


From Decentralization To Centralization: Members' Changing Expectations For House Leaders, Daniel J. Palazzolo Jan 1992

From Decentralization To Centralization: Members' Changing Expectations For House Leaders, Daniel J. Palazzolo

Political Science Faculty Publications

Before the reforms of the 1970s, at least since the revolt against Speaker Joseph G. Cannon in 1910, party leaders of the House of Representatives performed tasks designed to mediate party interests both within and outside of the House. Within the House, their most important functions included organizing the party, scheduling bills, building coalitions, distributing and collecting information, and maintaining party harmony (Ripley 1967). Meanwhile, committee chairs exercised the most discretion over specific policy issues. Outside of the House, the Speaker acted as a mediator between the majority party and the, president, especially if the president was of the same ...