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Computer Vision And Machine Learning Enabled Soybean Root Phenotyping Pipeline, Kevin G. Falk, Talukder Z. Jubery, Seyed V. Mirnezami, Kyle A. Parmley, Soumik Sarkar, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh K. Singh Jan 2020

Computer Vision And Machine Learning Enabled Soybean Root Phenotyping Pipeline, Kevin G. Falk, Talukder Z. Jubery, Seyed V. Mirnezami, Kyle A. Parmley, Soumik Sarkar, Arti Singh, Baskar Ganapathysubramanian, Asheesh K. Singh

Mechanical Engineering Publications

Background Root system architecture (RSA) traits are of interest for breeding selection; however, measurement of these traits is difficult, resource intensive, and results in large variability. The advent of computer vision and machine learning (ML) enabled trait extraction and measurement has renewed interest in utilizing RSA traits for genetic enhancement to develop more robust and resilient crop cultivars. We developed a mobile, low-cost, and high-resolution root phenotyping system composed of an imaging platform with computer vision and ML based segmentation approach to establish a seamless end-to-end pipeline - from obtaining large quantities of root samples through image based trait processing and ...


Approaches To Sustainable Management Of Sudden Death Syndrome Of Soybean, Joshua Winaya Budi Jan 2020

Approaches To Sustainable Management Of Sudden Death Syndrome Of Soybean, Joshua Winaya Budi

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Sudden death syndrome (SDS) of soybean was first detected in the US in 1971 and has remained one of the most damaging soybean diseases in the US. It is caused by a soil-borne fungus, Fusarium virguliforme (Fv), that persists in the soil for multiple years. Currently, conventional management of SDS relies on partially-resistant cultivars and fluopyram seed treatment, but fluopyram seed treatment is expensive and partial resistance does not protect soybeans during severe epidemics. Extended crop rotation is an alternative strategy that has effectively suppressed SDS, but there are barriers to adoption of this strategy in the current agricultural system ...


Deconstructing The Genetic Architecture Of Iron Deficiency Chlorosis In Soybean Using Genome-Wide Approaches, Teshale Assefa, Jiaoping Zhang, R. V. Chowda-Reddy, Adrienne N. Moran Lauter, Arti Singh, Jamie A. O'Rourke, Michelle A. Graham, Asheesh K. Singh Jan 2020

Deconstructing The Genetic Architecture Of Iron Deficiency Chlorosis In Soybean Using Genome-Wide Approaches, Teshale Assefa, Jiaoping Zhang, R. V. Chowda-Reddy, Adrienne N. Moran Lauter, Arti Singh, Jamie A. O'Rourke, Michelle A. Graham, Asheesh K. Singh

Agronomy Publications

Background: Iron (Fe) is an essential micronutrient for plant growth and development. Iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC), caused by calcareous soils or high soil pH, can limit iron availability, negatively affecting soybean (Glycine max) yield. This study leverages genome-wide association study (GWAS) and a genome-wide epistatic study (GWES) with previous gene expression studies to identify regions of the soybean genome important in iron deficiency tolerance.

Results: A GWAS and a GWES were performed using 460 diverse soybean PI lines from 27 countries, in field and hydroponic iron stress conditions, using more than 36,000 single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. Combining this ...


Intercropping And Relay Cropping To Increase Productivity, Resilience, And Long-Term Sustainability Of Corn And Soybean Cropping Systems In Iowa, Swetabh Patel Jan 2020

Intercropping And Relay Cropping To Increase Productivity, Resilience, And Long-Term Sustainability Of Corn And Soybean Cropping Systems In Iowa, Swetabh Patel

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Soil erosion and nutrient loss as a result of lack of ground cover in conventional corn (Zea mays L.) and soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] cropping systems in the U.S. Midwest warrant use of cover crops to provide improved protection to the soil. There are needs for alternate cropping systems and management practices capable of protecting our resources without sacrificing existing and future crop yield goals. Field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense L.) and winter camelina [Camelina sativa (L.) Crantz] are short season annual oilseed crops having the potential to be integrated into corn and soybean systems as cash cover crops ...


Herbicide Site Of Actions And Potential Damage To Zea Mays And Glycine Max., Justin Friedrich Jan 2020

Herbicide Site Of Actions And Potential Damage To Zea Mays And Glycine Max., Justin Friedrich

Creative Components

With the development of 2,4-D in the 1940s, farmers were able to selectively kill broadleaves in corn (Zea mays). 2,4-D was an effective and powerful tool that allowed farmers to reduce the time spent cultivating cornfields. The development of herbicides allowed farms to increase in size due to the reduction in the time spent interrow-cultivating. Monsanto’s introduction of glyphosate-resistant (Roundup Ready) soybean (Glycine max) in 1996 continued the expansion of farm size. Glyphosate-resistant crops allowed farmers to adopt a “spray and forget” weed management program that was widely adopted. The simplified weed management programs were successful until ...