Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Digital Commons Network

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 7 of 7

Full-Text Articles in Entire DC Network

Insect-Mediated Seed-Set Evaluation Of 21 Soybean Lines Segregating For Male Sterility At 10 Different Loci, E. Ortiz-Perez, Harry T. Horner, S. J. Hanlin, R. G. Palmer Dec 2006

Insect-Mediated Seed-Set Evaluation Of 21 Soybean Lines Segregating For Male Sterility At 10 Different Loci, E. Ortiz-Perez, Harry T. Horner, S. J. Hanlin, R. G. Palmer

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

The first requirement to establish a successful hybrid soybean program is the availability of a stable male-sterile, female-fertile system. Male sterility has been an important tool in soybean breeding programs to improve traits such as yield, seed-protein and seed-oil content, and seed size. However, improvement of seed-set per se on male-sterile plants has not been an important breeding objective. The evaluation of the out-crossing potential of the available male-sterile, female-fertile soybean lines is crucial to determine the future of hybrid soybean. The objective of this study was to evaluate seed-set among 21 soybean lines segregating for male sterility at 10 ...


Hplc Quantification Of Sphingolipids In Soybeans With Modified Palmitate Content, Liping Wang, Tong Wang, Walter R. Fehr Oct 2006

Hplc Quantification Of Sphingolipids In Soybeans With Modified Palmitate Content, Liping Wang, Tong Wang, Walter R. Fehr

Food Science and Human Nutrition Publications

Efficient separation and accurate quantification of sphingolipids (SL) are important for studying SL concentrations and biological functions. The objectives of this study were to develop effective methods for the separation and quantification of SL and to determine the relationship between palmitate and SL contents of mature soybean seeds. Methods using column chromatography and high-performance liquid chromatography−evaporative light scattering detector (HPLC-ELSD) were developed to separate and quantify glucosylceramide (GlcCer) and ceramide (Cer) in 15 soybeans lines in which palmitate content ranged from 3.7 to 40.7%. There were significant differences among the lines for GlcCer (83.4−397.6 ...


Evaluation Of Insect-Mediated Seed Set Among Soybean Lines Segregating For Male Sterility At The Ms6 Locus, E. Ortiz-Perez, Harry T. Horner, S. J. Hanlin, R. G. Palmer Jun 2006

Evaluation Of Insect-Mediated Seed Set Among Soybean Lines Segregating For Male Sterility At The Ms6 Locus, E. Ortiz-Perez, Harry T. Horner, S. J. Hanlin, R. G. Palmer

Genetics, Development and Cell Biology Publications

Currently, there is no economical way to produce large quantities of F1 hybrid soybean seed in the USA. One of the fundamental requirements for hybrid seed production is the availability of a stable male-sterile, female-fertile system. However, the more challenging barrier is the efficient transfer of pollen from the male parent to the female parent. This could potentially be achieved through pollinator insects. Our observations suggested that seed set on male-sterile, female-fertile plants is a good indicator of insect attraction. The objective of this study was to evaluate seed set among male-sterile, female-fertile lines segregating for male-sterile, female-fertile ms6 ...


Effects Of Nozzle Type And Carrier Application On The Control Of Leaf Spot Diseases Of Soybean, H. Mark Hanna, Alison E. Robertson, W. Mark Carlton, Robert E. Wolf Jan 2006

Effects Of Nozzle Type And Carrier Application On The Control Of Leaf Spot Diseases Of Soybean, H. Mark Hanna, Alison E. Robertson, W. Mark Carlton, Robert E. Wolf

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Midwestern soybean growers seek information on effective application of foliar fungicides that do not translocate throughout the plant. Field application treatments included using a two-orifice nozzle tip producing fine droplets at 187 l/ha (20 gal/ac) and 112 l/ha (12 gal/ac) and a single-orifice nozzle tip producing a coarse droplet size more typical of herbicide applications at 168 l/ha (18 gal/ac). In addition an air-assisted sprayer was used at one of the two sites of the trials. Measurements included droplet size, droplet coverage, and foliar disease severity in the top, middle, and lower parts of ...


Grain Residuals And Time Requirements For Combine Cleaning, H. Mark Hanna, Darren H. Jarboe, Graeme R. Quick Jan 2006

Grain Residuals And Time Requirements For Combine Cleaning, H. Mark Hanna, Darren H. Jarboe, Graeme R. Quick

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Emerging identity-preserved grain markets depend on avoidance of commingling grain at harvest. Knowledge of where grain resides in a combine, cleaning labor requirements, and resulting purity levels would assist producers. Measurements were made of grain and other material residing in different areas of rotary- and cylinder-type combines in replicated clean-outs during corn and soybean harvest and also in preliminary clean-outs during oat harvest. Concentration of the prior (i.e. commingled) grain was measured in the first grain harvested of the subsequent crop.

Total material remaining in the combine ranged from 84 to 186 lb, 61% of which was whole grain ...


Studies On Seed Colouring In Soybean And Tomato, Vilas A. Tonapi, P. Harinath Babu, S. Varanavasiappan, Ch Ravinder Reddy, Shrishail S. Navi, N. Seetharama Jan 2006

Studies On Seed Colouring In Soybean And Tomato, Vilas A. Tonapi, P. Harinath Babu, S. Varanavasiappan, Ch Ravinder Reddy, Shrishail S. Navi, N. Seetharama

Plant Pathology and Microbiology Publications

The effects of seed colouring using 25 dyes (i.e. 20 chemical and 5 natural dyes) on the quality of soyabean (cv. JS 335) and tomato (cv. Pusa Ruby) seeds were studied in the laboratory. Data were recorded for seed germination percentage, root and shoot length, whole seedling length, dry weight of seedling, vigour index, speed of germination and electrical conductivity. Rhodamine-B, Fast green and Malachite green for soyabean and Rhodamine-B and Fast green for tomato were the best dyes for seed colouring.


Light Is Essential For Degradation Of Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase-Oxygenase Large Subunit During Sudden Death Syndrome Development In Soybean, J. Ji, M. P. Scott, M. K. Bhattacharyya Jan 2006

Light Is Essential For Degradation Of Ribulose-1,5-Bisphosphate Carboxylase-Oxygenase Large Subunit During Sudden Death Syndrome Development In Soybean, J. Ji, M. P. Scott, M. K. Bhattacharyya

Agronomy Publications

Fusarium solani f. sp. glycines (Fsg) has been reported to produce at least two phytotoxins. Cell-free Fsg culture filtrates containing phytotoxins have been shown to develop foliar sudden death syndrome (SDS) in soybean. We have investigated the changes in protein profiles of diseased leaves caused by cell-free Fsg culture filtrates prepared from Fsg isolates. Two-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) was conducted to investigate the protein profiles of diseased and healthy leaves. An approximately 55 kDa protein was found to be absent in diseased leaves. Matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometric analyses and a database search revealed that the ...